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The Gospel Messenger. 

'Set for the Defense of the GospeU" 

Vol. 30, DM Si'fh. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 8, 1892 

No. 1. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Br v 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box So, 
Huntingdon, Fa. 

Table of Contents, 

For New Year's Day. By Philip Doddridge, 3 

How Many, and Why ? By C. H. Balsbaiigh a 

Secrecy and Sin. By Quincy Leckrone, 2 

Temperance Arithmetic. Compiled by John Knisley, 3 

He Saw Angels. By Lizzie Hilary, 3 

Ministerial Meeting of North-eastern Ohio. By T. C. 

Wieand 3 

The Two Witnesses. By Mattte A. Lear 4 

Chips from the Work-house. By Daniel Vaniman,.. 4 
Some of the Evils of Scowling. By,. 5 

Call for a Preacher. By M. Woodard, '5 

Choice Selections, 5 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

. Our Bible Class. By A. W. Vaniman, 6 

The Preacher's Call and Mission. By L. W. Teeter,. 6 

Denmark from 1840 to 1890. By C. Hope, 7 


Items, 1, S, 9 

The New Year, 1 

' Bible Term, ! 1 

The Ancient Landmarks 9 

Editorial Wanderings In the Old World, 9 

Correspondence, 10, 11, 12 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 12, 13, 14 

Matrimonial, 14 

Fallen Asleep, 14 

Advertisements, . 15, 16 

Bro. W. J. Swigart, on his return from the 
New Enterprise, Pa., church, informed us that, 
though the meetings held were interesting, the 
attendance was somewhat affected by the very- 
general prevalence of sickness, the Qrijype hav- 
ing taken hold of quite a large number of the cit- 


Everything that belongs to this life grows old 
and passes away, and because we cannot retain 
the old, we always greet the new with pleasure 
and gladnesB. Indeed, it is a very pleasant 
thought that, since we cannot hold the old, we can 
accept the new. We are interested in time, no 
matter how fleeting it be, and we always have 
more reference to that which we expect, than we 
do to that which we have used, and did we ever 
stop to think that we receive it all as a matter of 

As we pen these thoughts, we are yet in the old 
year, but we already are living in the new. "While 
the few short days that still remain are being 
used in preparation for the new year, the old year 
is practically gone. Yes, we are glad that the 
new follows the old, so it always has been and al- 
ways will be, and the most encouraging thought 
of all is, the new may be better than the old. 

Since the blight of sin has nipped the freshness 
and vigor of our world and lives, things have 

grown old. They fade as a leaf, and as the flow- 
er, they pass away, but for sis thousand years our 
good Father has been replacing the old with a 
new that is better. 

The clouds of night have been hangiug over 
this world of ours, but the break of day is streak- 
ing the eastern shore and Boon it will be day, — a 
new day upon which the sun of peace and life will 
no more set. 

Though this may not be the first day of the 
year 1892, yet it will come, and happy, yea, thrice 
happy will be those who can greet it with songs 
of gladness and words of praise. May the days 
and years that may come to each of us, between 
this and then, be days of preparation and peace, 
so that, when the Master comes, we may be 
found ready. 


There is a considerable inquiry on the part of 
the ministers and Bible workers, as to the courses 
that will be pursued at our "Bible Terms." 
Some of the schools have already given a partial 
program of the course, and as ours at Huntingdon 
does not open until the first of February, we 
now give au idea of what we expect to do. Our 
object is to pursue a course that will give the 
greatest possible amount of Biblical instruction 
in the short time that will be given to the work. 
Parts of it must necessarily be methods rather 
than matter, and yet it is surprising to know how 
much real solid and practical information can be 
given and received in the time allotted. 

Among the important things for Bible teachers 
to learn is, to properly and intelligently read the 
Scriptures. Much of the Bible-reading doue fails 
to be instructive to the hearers, because of the 
manner in which the reading is done. The same 
may be said of hymn-reading. A little instruc- 
tion and practice in this direction will add greatly 
to the efficiency of those who are the church 

Another very important help is the study of Bi- 
ble History. This knowledge not only helps to 
confirm our faith in the truthfulness and power of 
the Bible, but greatly aids in the interpretation 
of Bible truths. To study the lives and the cus- 
toms of the people who lived at the times when 
the Bible narratives, as given, transpired, and as 
understood when they were written, gives us a 
key to their interpretations that cannot be had in 
any other way. These are facts that must be ap- 
parent to every careful Bible student. 

Again, much depends on the manner in which 
the Bible is studied, whether it be in catches, 
dips, by piecemeal or consecutively. Of all the 
books in the world, there are none so miserably 
read as the Bible. This may seem to be put- 
ting the matter a little strong, but is it not 
a truth? We feel that we ought not to read the 
Bible, just as if the mere reading would answer 
the purpose, — no matter whether we open on the 

sixth chapter of Matthew or the third chapter of 
John, or in Revelations or Genesis, — no matter 
where, only so we read the Bible. What knowl- 
edge would we get of any other book or history,, 
if we would read them in this way? Very little' 
iudeed, and yet much of the Bible-reading is done 1 
in this way. 

That our readers, and especially those who are- 
interested in Bible study, may have an idea of 
what is done at these " Bible Terms," we give the 
following outline of the work or course that will 1 
be pursued: 

1. Bible History.— This embraces a knowl- 
edge of the Bible Lands, their location, their peo- 
ple, customs, languages and usages as they were 
in the times when the different narratives wore' 
acted out and written. 

2. Old and New Testament Exegesis, or the 
consecutive and critical study of the Books of the 
Old and New Testament 

3. The Life of Christ, as given in the four 
Gospels, and the light thrown upon it by history, 

4. The Phopaoation of the Gospel, or Chris- 
tianity, as set forth in the ActB and the epistolary 

5. Evidences of Christianity, as shown out- 
side of the Bible, in favor of the truthfulness of 
the doctrines taught, 

G. Homiletics, or some instructions on the 
preparation and delivery of sermons. 

7. Elocution, or Scripture and hymn-reading. 
These are all important studies to those who are 
now, or may expect to, engage in Bible work, and 
are intended for the help of ministers, Bible 
teachers, Sunday-school workers and all who are. 
interested in Bible Btudy. 

The Term opens at Huntingdon Fob. 1, and! 
will continue for four weeks. 

From this work none of the schools expect any- 
pay. The teaching is done free. A charge of 
$3.00 per week is made to cover the cost of board,, 
room, etc. This includes good board, pleasant,, 
steam-heated rooms and good beds. 

The "Term" was originated to accommodate 1 
such ministers, and others, interested in Bible 
study, as cannot take the regular " school course," 
and is held in the winter season, because it is 
thought to be the most suitable time for our peo- 
ple to attend. 

From present indications, the coming "Term" 
will be largely attended, as a number have al- 
ready expressed their intention of being present. 
All are invited, — ministers, teachers, Bible stu- 
dents, old and young, brethren and sisters. Come 
and spend a few weeks in the best of all works, — 
tho study of the best of all books. As soon as 
you determine on coming, let us know, that we 
may make the necessary preparations, as we wish 
to make your stay with us both profitable and 
pleasant. Address, H. B. Brumbaugh, Hunting- 
don, Pa, 


Jan. 5, 1892\ 



Eternal source of every joy, 
Well may Thy praise our lips employ, 
While In Thy temple we appear, 
Whose goodness crowns the circling year. 
The flowery spring at Thy command 
Embalms the air and paints the land ; 
The summer rays with vigor shine, 
To raise the corn, and cheer the vine. 
Thy hand In autumn tidily pours 
Through all our coasts redundant stores, 
And winters, soften'd by Thy care, 
No more a fuce of horror wear. 
Seasons and months and weeks and days 
Demand successive songs of praise; 
Still be the cheerful homage paid 
With opening light and evening shade! 
Oh! may our more harmonious tongues 
In worlds unknown pursue the songs; 
And in those blighter courts adore, 
Where days and years revolve no more! 

—Philip Doddridge. 


To the Brethren at Myrtle Point, Oregon, "sanc- 
tified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with 
all that in every place call upon the Name of 
Jesus Christ our Lord; Grace unto you, 
and peace, from God our Father, and from 
the Lord Jesus Christ." 1 Cor. 1; 2, 3:— 
There is no man living, or baa ever lived, 
who can com prebend the whole of the very least 
truth; bow much less all tiuth. There is no 
truth, however common or apparently trivial, that 
is not related to all other truth. There was One 
Man on earih who could fay, " I am the Truth;" 
and there was nothing in the universe that does 
not get its true meaning from, and in Him. To 
know Him is to know God, and to know both is 
Eternal Life, and to sustain right relations to all 
things. John 14: 0, 10, 11, and 17: 3, and 16: 33. 
Some time ago I walked through a town and 
saw a sign over a door, the letters shining like 
burnished gold through an ingenious sort of grat- 
ing. I read these words: "You want it." This 
raised a query: What is it that I want? I walked 
on and theBe letters gradually faded away, and 
through the same grating others became visible as 
glaring as the former. These proclaimed the ar- 
ticle for sale at that place. I went forward, and 
these letters also faded from sight, and others 
came into view; they were these: "We haye it." 
Now the whole secret was out. Had I stood still 
and gazed only on the first inscription, or the last, 
I would never have discovered the central key 
which unlocked the whole. 

This is a parable o£ spiritual things. Many 
read and study all around Christ, but Christ Him- 
self they never get to know. They look through 
the grating of the letter from a certain angle, and 
get a glimpse of a fragment of truth, and become 
immovable at that point, and settle into the in- 
flexible conviction that the whole truth lies with- 
in the compass of their vision. It is by moving 
onward and upward that new revelations unfold 
at every step. " Then shall we know, if we follow 
on to know the Lord." Hosea 6: 3. At the ' 
we " see in part " "through a glass darkly;" but 
the more truly progressive we are in the divine 
life, the larger will be our illumination in the 
mysteries of grace. 

The new meanings will obliterate the old, not 
by negation, but by absorption and completion. 

We look through a window into the Bky without 
a thought of the medium. So we learn to look 
through the letter and all visible media into the 
spiritual and abiding realities which external ar- 
rangements feebly aid us to discern. The true 
apprehension is always spiritual and direct ulti- 
mately, no matter by what means it is consum- 
mated. 1 Cor. 2: 13, 14, 15. To halt before the 
ordinance, and misspell it for the verity it repre- 
sents, is the error of popery. The symbols are 
exactly right, and to mutilate them is hazardous; 
but to suppose that the finale of. obedience to God 
lies in their observance, is a fatal mistake. Bom. 
2: 28, 29. 

The depth and reality and glory of obedience, 
are not seen until we read them in flaming char- 
acters far beneath the letter. Ordinances are 
God's stenography, and we are slow to decipher 
their profound and eternal meaning. We may 
reiterate their literality, and expatiate on their 
supposed intrinsic significance, and utterly fail to 
apprehend the essential elements of character and 
vital interests of the soul which they are designed 
to illustrate. Baptism, Feet-waBhing, Supper, Eu- 
charist: all represent the same great facts under 
different aspects and relations. It is well to de- 
fend the symbols. It is better to live them. 
This is their end. 

God had His symbols in every age. The Tree 
of Life, and the Crystal River belong to the Par- 
adise Lost and Paradise .Regained. The Deca- 
logue was the naked Law, and all the ritualistic 
minutia were its pictorial expositions. The first 
is for us as well as them ; while the latter was 
given to a people so spiritually dull and sensuous, 
that God had to teach them as it were in black- 
board diagram. Now a very few types are suffi- 
cient to open the whole vista of the spiritual 
realm; then every aspect and particular of the 
higher life bad to be prpsented to the senses in 
figure. The ordinances of the present dispensa- 
tion are wonderfully expressive, and indicate that 
those who accept them are far in advance of the 
pupils of the legal economy in the expansion of 
their spiritual horizon. 

Baptism calls for large, solemn, imperative an- 
tecedents, just as Christ's burial does. To be 
baptized into the likeness of Christ's death, is to 
take with us into the water all that is signified by 
that death, else there is no likeness. What this 
is, the Holy Spirit teliB us in Eom. 6: 7. All or- 
dinances have their specific form, but their valid- 
ity consists in the life they express and conserve. 
There was no difference in the form of Simon's 
immersion, and the other members in Samaria. 
But he "had neither lot nor part" in the salva- 
tion of Christ, because " his heart was not right 
in the sight or God." Acts 8: 13, 21, 22, 23. 

Liberation from penalty is much ; alas, it is to 

) feared it is all that some seek after. Liber- 
ation from the antecedent condition in which the 
penalty has its justification, is infinitely more. 
Civil law can punish or remit offenses, but it can- 
not remove that element of being in which the 
offense originates. "The law of the Spirit of 
Life in Christ Jesus" does both. Kom. 8: 2. As 
completely as Christ was broken for sin, prior to 
burial, so radically must we break with sin, prior 
to baptism. We cannot be baptized for remission 
of sin so long as we are not freed from its commis- 

Baptism includes all the other ordinances, and 
covers every moment of life to the final breath. 
If "we are planted together in the likeness of 
Christ's death," we will also observe all the other 
symbols in the proper form, order, and spirit. 
In our burial we pledge ourselves to the exempli- 
fication of the whole risen life of Jesus. How 
graphically and inspiringly this is delineated in 
2 Cor. 5:14,15, and Gal. 2: 20. 

Feet-washing was instituted for the very pur- 
pose of shaming the apostles out of their self-con-- 
ceit and Belf-exaltation. "Who shall be great- 
est?" is the criminal egotism that is put to con- 
fusion by this symbol. It precedes the Supper, 
as no one is qualified for the fraternal meal with- 
out the spirit it symbolizes. The Supper is a 
sample of every believer's daily bread. Who does 
not eat and drink to the glory of God at home, 
must needs desecrate the table of the Lord. 1 
Cor. 10: 20, 21, 31, and 11: 27, 29. "As they 
were eating." Matt. 26: 26. This shows the 
continuity of life, connecting our daily bread with 
the highest interests and aspects of life. 

The Eucharist emphatically recalls our bap-- 
tism. This is " into His death." That is to 
" show forth His death," To eat and drink un-- 
crucified, is damnation. These three associated? 
ordinances are bound into one by a special unity> 
just as the slaughter of the lamb, and the sprink- 
ling of the blood, and the eating of the flesh, con- 
stituted one triple symbol. 

The holy kiss is a specific ratification of the real- 
ity of what all the ordinances represent. Anoint- 
ing is expressive of that " unction from the Holy 
One," whose immanence insures "all the fullness 
of God," heals all our diseases, and makes us meet 
for the unfading inheritance. Eph. 3: 16-19; Psa. 
103: 3; Col. 1: 11, 12. To realize Philpp. 3: 10 
ie to be and to do what we testify and promise 
when we "keep the ordinances." 

Union Deposit, Pa. 



Secrecy and sin are correlative terms. The • 
one begets the other, which, in turn, strives to . 
conceal its parent. Sin is the father of secrecy, , 
and secrecy is the cloak for sin. 

The first unholy act on record was followed im- 
mediately by a contrivance to conceal the sin, for 
when our foreparents transgressed in the garden,, 
they at once went into a secret place and hidi 
themselves from the presence of the Lord. The* 
scenes that followed, when the angel came down,, 
and, with a drawn sword, proclaimed banishment; 
from the fair and lovely Eden, and when the. 
mighty voice of Jehovah spoke, " Cursed is the> 
ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it. 
all the days of thy life," closed the first great 
drama of the world's history, caused by sin and! 
:ompanied by secrecy. The two are twin broth- 
, born out of the same cause, and nursed and! 
reared together. 

The first murderer resorted to secrecy, to shield' 
himself from the wrath of God. " Cain, where is- 
Abel, thy brother? " He answered, " I know not."' 
But the voice of the murdered brother's blood, re- 
vealed the secret, and the Lord said, " A fugitive 1 
and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth." 
Thus the bloody drama was initiated, the types of 
iniquity set, and the two twin brothers flourished. 

From the hour of their birth they have been 
spreading themselves like green bay trees, keep- 
ing Bide by side, as mutual friends, locked in each 
other's embrace. 

The cunningness of Satan is nowhere more dex- 
terously employed than in the modern secret fra- 
ternity. If we only had sin lone-handed to battle 
with, the struggle might not be so arduous, and 
the victory so difficult to win; but veiled with a . 
cloak, called benevolence, including charity, friend- 
ship, brotherly love, etc., the masterpiece of or- 
ganized sin is held out in its most beneficiary ap- 

Freemasonry is called a religion. (Albert O, 
Mackey, ) It takes in the Jew, the Mohammedan, 
the infidel, and the pagan. It discards the name 



of Christ, and calls all Christiana, dogs (Cou-cm). 
Yet it claims to teach all the principles "that the 
soul of man desires," both for time and eternity. 
One of the arguments used, to sustain the time- 
honored lodge, is, that Solomon is its founder, and 
built the first temple. Granting that he was, 
thougb for this there is no evidence, we fail to see 
the benefit he derived from it, for, after the build- 
ing of the temple, be fell into the vanities of sin- 
ful pleasures from which the " beauties of the se- 
cret order" did not redeem him. 

Another claim is that Christ himself was a mem- 
ber of the lodge. Now, if he was, he conld only 
have taken the "Entered Apprentice" degree, for 
he says, "In secret have I said nothing," and in 
all the degrees, except the first, each member is 
required to be active. 

Again he says, " Swear not at all," but in taking 
each degree, the candidate is required to forswear 
himself by the taking of blood-curdling oaths, 
which increase in horribleness as they advance in 

Now the religion of Jesus Christ is entirely a 
different thing. It is to be told, not in darkness, 
but in the light. It is to be published, not in se- 
cret chambers, but upon the housetops. It is to 
■ be told not to a select few, but to the world. 

The doors to Christ's kingdom are not chained 
with iron-clad oaths, but stand wide open. The 
invitation is not alone to the wealthy, but " who- 
soever will let him come and take of the water 
of life freely." 

Sin every-where is closely followed by secrecy, 
for men do not want their vices published to the 
world. The saloon-keeper screens his door, the 
gambler his window, and the lodge men take an 
upper room, and bolt the door. Great men are 
admitted, — men at the head of governments, men, 
high in profession,— the LL. D., the M. D., the 
Kev. D. D., as well as the drunkard, the infidel, 
the skeptic and the pagan. All are on one com- 
mon level, — "yoked together." There they revel 
at the dead hour of night, perpetuating some hea- 
then myth, brought up from the dark ages, 
shrouded in mystery. Man,— the nobleBt work of 
God's creation, — is playing the murderer in dark- 
ness. Secrecy and sin, born together; they are 
stalking up and down, as roaring lions. Through 
the world they are going together, and together 
they must perish. 

Feed the one and the other will fatten; slay the 
one and the other will die. 
Columbus, Ohio. 



1. There are 115,000 saloons in the United 
States, and 64,000 public schools. How many 
more saloons than schools? If I am correctly in- 
formed, there are 61,000 more saloons than 

2. The people of the United States pay $80,- 
000,000 yearly for the support of the public 
schools, and 81,485,000,000 for tho support of the 
saloons, or $1,405,000,000 more than the schools. 

3. The value of the food products of our. coun- 
try, for a single year, is about $600,000,000. The 
cost of alcoholic drinks is about $1,485,000,000. 
How much more does the liquor cost than the 
food and clothing? I answer, $885,000,000. 

4. The 3,000 saloons of San Francisco take in 
daily an average of $J0 each. That is $30,000 

5- There are about 600,000 drunkards in the 
United States. How many cities of 40,000 inhab- 
itants each would these drunkards make? 

sells 40 drams a day, how many drums are drank 
daily? Answer.— About 8,000. 

7. If a family spends IB cents a day for beer, 
how much is expended in four weeks and how 
many loaves of bread, at 10 cents a loaf, could be 
bought for the same money? 

8. A smoker Bpeuds 29 cents a day for cigars; 
will you calculate how many dollars he will spend 
in one-half year, and how many pairs of shoes, at 
$2.00 per pair, he could purchase with this wasted 
money ? 

Dear brethren and sisters, let us warn all those 
who have become habituated to the liquor habit, 
and also those who use tobacco so greatly. No 
one should indulge in either of these unbecoming 
habits. It does not ouly destroy souls, but it 
brings many to an untimely grave. O, how many 
die from the effect of tho use of strong drink I O, 
that all would abstain from such injurious habile, 
and spend the money, thus saved, for the upbuild- 
ing of the church of God ! 

The apostle Paul, in 1 Cor. 3: 10, 17, says, 
"Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and 
that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? If any 
man defile the temple of God, him shall God de- 
stroy, for the temple of God is holy, which temple 
ye are." No wonder that the Savior said, " Watch 
and pray," Matt. 20: 41. He well knew that 
there are many things whereby wo can become 
defiled, and, not knowing what moment wo will 
be called away, we should watch and pray con- 
tinually, to keep our garments white. Let us all 
daily renew our baptismal covenants. Mine I 
made fifty-five years ago, and I hope, by a faith- 
ful life, to meet all the dear members in that 
heavenly home where we will part no more. 

" It is the hope, the blessed hope, 
The hope that Christ has given,— 
The hope, when days and years are past, 
We all shall meet in heaven." 

Teegarden, hid. 

and night overtook them before they were near 
their journey's eud. If I mistake not, just before 
dark they stopped to feed their team, and fell in- 
to a conversation with the man of the house, and 

1 am glad to say, fcheil 

rsation was on relig- 



G. In the City of Oakland, the Athens of Cal- . . 
tornia, there are 200 saloons. If every saloonist | ters lost her shawl and they went back to find it, 

I have often heard young members, — when giv- 
ing the reason for. growing cold and indifferent 
toward the church,— say that they did not receive 
the encouragement from the older members that 
they should have had. I fear this may be the 
case in many instances, and the older ones should 
be more guarded about the young. We, too often, 
forget that we were once young. I well remember 
that, when I united with the church, another 
young sister and I were the only young members 
of that congregation, but we never felt lonely, be- 
cause the older ones paid great attention to us, 
and kept us encouraged to go on in the good work. 
Oh, how I did love to get in company with 
some of our good old sisters who now rest be- 
neath the sod! Never shall I forget the good 
counsel they gave me, and I thank God to-night 
that I have never felt like going back, but want 
to press on, though there may be trials and diffi- 
culties for us to encounter. If we are faithful, 
the crown is over there! 

Dear young pilgrims, let me, as ono that loves 
you, encourage you to be faithful! Try always to 
let your light shine! Do not be ashamed of what 
you profess, for the world will soon see that you 
are ashamed of your religion. Never be afraid to 
defend the cause of Christ. Though you may bo 
young in yearB, yet you can speak a word for Jesus. 
Permit me to relate a circumstance which took 
place but a short time ago, here in the West. 
Five young members, — three sisters and two 
brethren, — went to a feast, about thirty or forty 
miles distant. On their way home one of tb 

The mau asked them if they belonged to 
some church. Of course he noticed by their ap- 
pearance, that they were not trying to follow the 
fashions of the world. 

These members were all young in years, aud 
tho young brother that did the talking was only 
fifteen years of age, and was not yot in the church 
quite a year. After they had discussed the doc- 
trine of tho Brethren church pretty well, the man 
said to them, " Well, if you are Christians, come 
in and let us have worship before you go." 

It was then nearly dark, and they had twelve 
miles yet to go. How many would have excused 
themselves and went ou, but these did not do bo. 
They went in, ns the man had requested, and, 
after the sisters had put their neat capB on, aud 
were ready for worship, the man gave them the 
Bible. One of the young sisters read a chapter, 
and tho young brother then made some remarks 
on it, after which he led iu prayer. 

When they arose, the mau asked them if they 
had ever seen nngolu. They said, " No." " Well," 
said he, "I have." Do you not think their light 
shone brightly to that man? 

May God help ns all to let our light shine be- 
fore the world, is my prayer! 


BY T. C. WIKANli. 

This meeting was held Nov. 24, 1891, in the 
Wooster church, Wayne County, Ohio. Tho 
exceedingly stormy woathor kept many from 
attending, yet the interest was good. Many in- 
structive and iuspiring thoughts were given for 
the strength of tho soul by our dear brethren, who 
did not stop for the unpleasant wenther. The 
greator the sacrifice, the greater the blessing, 
seemed to be verified m this meeting. 

The meeting was organized by electing brethren 
Noah Longeueoker and Jno. Kahler, Moderators; 
0. Wieond aud J. J. Hoover, Clerks. The 
following are some of the thoughts expressed: 

1. True Revivals. — These depend on the princi- 
ples of the Gospel. The minister should be 
equipped, " rooted and grounded in the truth," pre- 
sent the Truth, teach the people, awaken them to 
a sense of their condition and duty to God. He 
should feel like Paul: "Woe be unto me if I 
preach not the Gospel." 

2. Church Government. — "'io\\ it unto the 
church," of Matt. 18, was referred to, showing the 
judicial and executive power of the church. Most 
troubles iu church government arise from not 
having been properly "taught" or not having 
been " transformed by the renewing of the mind." 

3. The Minister's Inner Life. — The miniater 
should have pure motives. "Out of the abund- 
ance of the heart the mouth speaketh." He 
should guard his thoughts; " as he thinketh so is 
he." Thoughts form character, and character 
"will out." 

4. Pastoral Visits. — Pastoral visits should be 
made according to advice by the General Brother- 
hood, to reach tho isolated and poor, and show 
some regard for their children. 

5. Preparation of Sermons. — A minister who 
does not keep to his subject, does not preach a 
sermon, but only makes a speech. Paul, in 2 
Tim. 3: 16, gives an outline for a series of ser- 
mons. The minister needs inspiration, prayer, 
study of meaning aud connection of words. He 
should "study to show himself approved unto 


Jan. 5, 1892. 

God." We must have the Word to get the Spirit. 
" My words are spirit and they are life." 

G Care of New Converts.-Ghe them work m 
the church, in the Sunday-school, or prayer-meet- 
ing. Encourage them. Show as much, if not 
more, concern for them after they are members 
than before. . . 

7 Instruction to Young Ministers. — Work! 
Go to God in secret! Self-sacrifice, patience and 
faithfulness are necessary. Never go unprepared! 
The greatest encouragement is the promise of the 
Savior, "Lo, I am with yon oven unto the end of 
the world." - 

8 Minister's Relation to Sunday-school and 
Prayer-meeiing.-Theae are opportunities for a 
minister to work with children. He should be 
present, when possible, fill vacancies, and encour- 
age He may more fully develop the lessons by 
preaching on the Golden Text, or the subject of 
the lesson. By following the International Les- 
sons, the minister may acquire a systematic 
knowledge of the Bible. 

Through interest in the speaking we forgot to 
note some good thoughts, especially on " Conse- 
cration of Minister." 

It was decided to make arrangements for an- 
other meeting in May. The day and place was 
left optional with the committee. 

Committee for next meeting consists of breth- 
ren D. M. Irvin, Jno. F. Kahler and T. C. Wieaud 



Chapter One, 
Having been requested to write an essay on the 
■above subject for the Mesbengeb, we will try to 
do so. Some years ago our thoughts, on this por- 
tion of the Apocalypse, were published in our 
church paper. . . 

In the beginning of the chapter, giving a de- 
scription of the two witnesses, John tells us that a 
measuring rod was given him to measure the tem- 
ple of God, the altar, and them that worship there- 
in Sometimes the standard of religion falls very 
low Sometimes professed Christians fail to meas- 
ure themselves by the Word of God but they, 
measuring themselves by themselves and compar- 
ing themselves among themselves do what, the 
apostle eajs, is not wise. 2 Cor. 10: 12. 

The time of the Apocalyptic viBion, given in 
the eleventh chapter, is a time of great spiritual 
declension. Truth had almost disappeared and 
only a little light was left. Those who are faith- 
ful are to be measured by the true standard. Nev- 
er was there greater need for a firm adherence to 
the Truth,— for a perfect conformity of our lives 
to the standard of God's Word than when we are 
beset by evil on all sides. So at the beginning of 
this awful apostasy, of this terrible spiritual de- 
clension, which was to continue forty-two months, 
or 1200 prophetic days, during which the outer 
court, or the semblance of religion, is to be tram- 
pled upon by unhallowed feet In the inner tem- 
ple, where the true worshipers serve God in spirit 
and in truth, there the divine and human meet 
in sacred communion and thoBe who have not re 
ceived the mark of the beaBt, are kept pure. N( 
pollution reaches this little flock. No matter 
what a mass of traditions the apostasy may heap 
up to render the Word of God of none effect, 
these faithful ones will only accept of that Word 
as the man of their counsel. 

" And I will give power unto my two witnesses." 
In the midst of all the evil, superstition, darkness 
and sin these two witnesses shall fearlessly pro 

rectitude. But whence comes their strength to 
overcome the world? "I will give power. It 
comes from the great Head of the church His 
grace is ever sufficient. Paul said be could do all 
things through Christ, who strengthened him. 

The length of time is then given wherein they 
shall prophesy. Further on we will try to show 
when their prophecy began and ended. 

They were clothed in sackcloth, which is a sym- 
bol of mourning. They being clothed in sack- 
cloth expresses their condition. The Jewish 
prophets were clothed in sackcloth, denoting that 
their office was a painful one and their condition 
a persecuted one. So these loyal servants of Je- 
sus, in the face of all pain and peril, will stand as 
advocates of the perfect atonement of Christ, the 
integrity of his Word and the spirituality of his 
church. . . 

But who are these witnesses? As already inti- 
mated, they were the true servants of Christ, who 
remained pure during all the corruptions of the 
Dark Ages. Why is their number designated as 
two? Probably one reason is to show the fewness 
of the number of the faithful during the papal 
domination. Under the law there must be at 
least two witnesses to testify in any case, before it 
could be tried. There might be more, but two 
were required. 

In the next place it may mean that their num- 
ber should be numerically two, and by referring 
to history we find that such was the case. There 
were two contemporaneous lines of witnesses pro- 
testing against the prevailing errors of their day 
and proclaiming the pure truths of the Gospel 
from the beginning of the apostasy to the time of 
Luther. These were the Paulicians, in the east- 
ern part of the Roman empire, and another line 
terminating in the Waldenses in the West. 

Always, in the Apocalypse, when some great 
truth is presented it is designed to rebuke some 
prevailing error. These witnesses are called by 
the great Master, "My witnesses." They shall 
bear testimony for Christ at a time when the pre- 
vailing worship was given to saints and angels, 
and when pictures and images of these filled the 
churches and the besotted worshipers rendered 
homage to these. 

We will now give a few quotations from histor- 
ians, showing the condition of things when these 
witnesses gave their testimony. Regarding this 
Bays Gibbon: "The Christians of the sixth cen- 
tury had insensibly relapsed into a semblance of 
paganism. The throne of the Almighty was dark- 
ened by a cloud of martyrs, saints and angels, the 
objects of popular veneration." And Mosheim 
writes, "At this time true religion, weighed down 
by a heap of insane superstitions, was unable to 
raise its head. The early Christiana were wont 
to worship God and his Son only, but in this age 
(sixth century), they who were called Christians 
worship the wooden cross, the images of saints 
and the bones of men." 

Against all this superstition there were faithful 
ones who dared to raise their voices m protest 
These appear like stars amid the overshadowing 
night. At the beginning of the seventh century 
appeared a witness, whose name was Serenus. He 
raised his voice against the prevailing errors, elo- 
quently protesting against image worship the 
popular passion of the age. At a council, held ,n 
France in 791 there were three hundred bishops 
who denounced this form of idolatry. Alcum, a 
learned Englishman, denounced the prevaihng su- 
perstition in 804. He rejected the Apocrypha and 
recognized neither purgatory or transubstantia- 
tion. How beautiful are these words of his: "In 
the Holy Scriptures man may contemplate him- 

when we pray we speak to God, and when we read 
the Holy Book, God speaks to us." 

Paulinus proclaimed Balvation through the shed 
blood and living intercession of Christ only, from 
810 to 841. How forcible is the language of 
Claude of Turin, who raised his voice in 817, say- 
ing, "If we ought to adore the cross because 
Christ was fastened to it, how many other things 
are there which touched Jesus Christ? Why do 
they not, in the same sense, worship all that are 
virgins, because a virgin brought forth Jesus 
Christ? Why do they not adore mangers and old 
clouts, because he was laid in a manger and 
wrapped in swaddling clothes? Why do they not 
adore fisher-boats because he slept in one? Let 
them adore asses because he entered Jerusalem 
on the foal of an ass. All these things are ridicu- 
lous, rather to be lamented than set forth in writ- 
ing, but we are forced to set them down in oppo- 
sition to fools. Come to yourselves again, ye mis- 
erable transgressors, why do you crucify the Son 
of God again, and expose him to open shame?" 

Agobard, Bishop of Lyons, on the opposite side 
of the Alps, testified with great power against the 
same evils at the same time. 

The above are some of the testimonies from the 
western line. "We will now turn to the eastern 
line, where we may find testimony just as forcible 
and determined. One, Constantine, of this line, 
bore testimony about 653 and was stoned to death 
for his principles. Sergeus, another faithful wit- 
ness for Christ, died in 830, after having traveled 
extensively, preaching the pure Gospel, and sup- 
porting himself by the labor of his hands. One 
hundred thousand of the Eastern witnesses are 
said to have been put to death during the persecu- 
tions of the Empress Theodosia. 



At the Ministerial Meeting of the Southern 
District of Illinois, which lasted two days, and 
seemed to be highly enjoyed by all, the following 
important topics were ably discussed, and many 
valuable and practical thoughts were developed. 

The Church,— her Mission and her Relation to 
her Ministers. 

1. The church of Jesus Christ is a body of bap- 
tized believers, governed by the GoBpel of Jesus 
Christ It is the one body, the body of Christ, 
the pillar and ground of the Truth. 

2. Her mission is to save souls and glorify 
God. This Bhe must proceed to do in harmony 
with the primitive or apostolic plan, etc. 

3. Her relation to her ministers is Bimilar to 
the relation of parents to their children, and they 
should be looked after, directed, helped, and their 
development, in all that is good and helpful to 
the church, encouraged. Favorable surroundings 
for their development and growth should be made 
for them by the church, the same as parents make 
for their own children. 

Under the topic, "What will make our church- 
es prosper? "-the following ideas were brought 

1 Good generaling of all the forces that can be 
brought to bear for the forwarding of the work of 
the church. 

2 United effort of all the members of the 
church, each one being willing and ready to do 
what he can, on any of the various lines of good 
works, which win souls to Christ and for which 
such member has ability, the lines of work upon 
which all can do something, being defined by the 

The topic, "Missionary Work and how to Make 
it more Effectual," elicited much earnestness and 
zeal on the part of the speakers, and many excel- 

Jan. 5, 1892. 


lent BtiggestionB were offered, bb to the most feasi- 
ble and effective methods for overcoming the 
difficulties, for removing the hindrances and sup- 
plying the deficiencies, etc. 


This topic brought out lines of thought that 
cannot fail to encourage and help the ministers 
who were present. 

1. It was thought good for all ministers to read 
and study carefully the instructions given in the 
Bible by an old, experienced preacher to younger 
preachers, as found in the letterB of Paul to Tim- 
othy and Titus, and take them as a rule of action 
as much as possible. Such points as the follow- 
ing were brought out: 

1. The minister should study to show himself 
approved uuto God. 

2. To be a workman that need not be ashamed. 
On this line it becomes necessary for ministers to 
avoid doing some things that are sometimes done 
by ministers, and to learn to do some other things 
in a little different way. 

3. He should alBO study to rightly divide the 
Word of Truth. Upon this line it is good to fol- 
low the Lord's plan of dividing it 

1. It consists of the Old and the New Testa- 
ments, and may properly be so classed. Another 
part of it is history, giving an account of the cre- 
ation, the ark, the flood, the call of Abraham, the 
sojourn in Egypt, the rise and fall of individuals 
and nations, the birth, life and resurrection of 
Christ, etc. Another part of it is law; a third, 
prophecy; a fourth part, poetry. It may further 
be divided by applying that part which is for the 
regulation of the members of the church where it 
belongs, and that which is intended to awaken the 
sinner and bring him to Christ, etc., also to where 
it belongs. 

2. A minister should flee youthful lusts, and 
follow righteousness, faith, charity and peace. 
He muBt not strive, but be gentle uuto all men, 
be apt to teach, patient. In all things he should 
show himself a pattern of good works, uncorrupt 
ness, gravity, sincerity, using sound speech that 
cannot be condemned, etc., and, so far as possible 
he should free himself from the entanglement of 
this life, that he may please him who has chosen 
him to be a soldier. 

The Sunday-school and its relatione to the 
church was ably discussed; also the relation of the 
ministers to the Sunday-school and prayer-meet- 
ing received a due Bhare of attention. The meet- 
ing adjourned on the evening of Dec. 17 with the 
feeling on the part of all, bo far as known to the 
writer, that it was good to be there. 

McPherson, Kans. 



I want to say to those in the habit of scolding 
the children or any one else, that scolding carries 
away your religious influence. It makes you 
seem harsh. It spoils your face. Please take an 
old brother's advice and quit scowling. Before 
j ou know it your face will resemble a small rail- 
road map. There is a grand trunk line from your 
cowlick to the bridge of your nose, intersected by 
parallel lines, running east and west, with carves 
arching your eyebrows: and, oh, how much older 
you look for it! 

Scowling steals upon ub unawares. We frown 
when the light is too strong and when it is too 
weak. "We tie our browe into a knot when we are 
thinking, and knit them even more tightly when 
we cannot think. 

There is no denying, there are plenty of things 
to scowl about The baby in the cradle frowns 

when something fails to Buit. The little one who 
likes sugar on his bread and butter tells his 
trouble in the same way when you leave the sugar 
off. "Cross," we say about the children, and 
"worried to death," about the grown folks, and as 
for ourselves, — we can't help it. But we muBt. 
Its reflex influence makes others unhappy; for 
face answereth to face in life as well as in water. 
It belies our religion. We should posBees our 
souls in such peace that it will reflect itself in 
placid countenance. If our foreheads be rigid 
with wrinkles before forty, what will they be at 
seventy ? 

There is one consoling thought about these 
marks of time and trouble, — the death angel al- 
most always erases them. Even the extremely 
aged in death often wear a smooth and peaceful 
brow, which leaves our memories of them calm 
and tranquil. But, my dear brethren and sisters, 
our business is with life. Scowling is a kind of 
silent scolding. It shows that our souls need sweet 
ening. For pity's Bake let us take a sad-iron or i 
glad-iron or the Lord's smoothing tools, and 
straighten those creases out of our faces, before 
they become indelibly engraven upon our vis 
Love thinketh no evil and never scolds, but al- 
ways admonishes with a pleasant and cheerful 

Van Wert, Ohio. 


In his remarks on an appeal by Bro. E. B. 
Hoff, of Waterloo, in the Messenger of Nov. 30, 
our editor says that many of the ministering 
brethren have not means to locate among the 
lated members. If some good brother, who is 
firm in the faith, would come among us, we would 
be glad to help him get a comfortable living for 
his family, and I think it is so in other places 
where a few of onr brethren are located. We are 
not wealthy, for it is now as in olden times, — the 
common people hear the Word of God gladly, but, 
though our means would seem small to many of 
our eastern brethren, our hearts are large. 

Those who live in large congregations, cannot 
realize what temptations we, who live isolated 
have to endure. Many of us are young in years 
and Christian experience and have been brought 
up in a different faith. Often our Brethren's 
wives and families can preach as loud in a com 
munity as the husband and father can in the con 
gregation. Do not be afraid, dear brethren, U 
come out to the fertile prairies of Northern and 
Western Iowa, for the same Father will care for 
you here, as among your kinsfolk and friends, 
M. Woodard. 

JTarnhamvUle, Calhoun Co., Iowa. 

We trust that some faithful minister will re- 
spond to this practical call, for a church that is 
willing to help hold up a minister's hands cer- 
tainly deserves a faithful shepherd, and there arc 
no people in the Union who appreciate sound, 
earnest preaching like these isolated members. 
By offering to help a minister, they make it pos- 
sible for a minister of limited means to not only 
procure a living for his family, but also to make 
himself useful to the cause. 

More than likely we have a hundred ministers, 
in limited circumstances, who might be induced 
to locate with isolated congregations, if the neces- 
sary financial help could be offered them. Fur- 
thermore, there is nothing wrong about aiding a 
minister in locating at a point where he can n 
himself useful in feeding the flock of God. Some 
of the most faithful elders we have in the Broth- 
erhood have been thus aided, and the cause pros- 
pered in their hands. We have now in mind sev- 

eral able ministers who were aided by the church- 
es needing help in the ministry, and the aid thus 
given, proved a blessing to the church, as well as 
the ministers, 

We also trust that ministers who respond to 
calls of this kind, will do so in all good faith, re- 
alizing that these isolated members need good, 
spiritual food and the very best of care, hence the 
importance of being well rooted and grounded in 
the faith, and in full sympathy with the church 
and her doctrine. j. h. m. 


"To overcome adverse influenc 
portant part of life's conflict." 

is no tun in 

"It would be a different world to-day, if all 
who claim to be ' the salt of the earth ' were as 
eager to repress injustice in its smaller and meaner 
forms, as to make money or influential friends." 

" Good impulses may be the very voice of God,, 
stirring whatever is noble and generous within 
us. Nor are they accidental; loving and brave 
emotions belong to warm and courageous hearts. 
They come of themselves, like song birds, but 
they come Burely where sunshine and still groves, 
invite them, — not into clamor and foul air." 

"It is the duty of every mau, to whom a special 
vocation presents itself, to set opposite each other 
two considerations. ' Dare I undertake this task? ' 
— is a solemn question, but bo is this: 'Dare I let 
this taBk go past me? Am I prepared for the re- 
sponsibility of allowing it to drift into weaker 
hands?' Those are days when the church of 
Christ is calling for the help of every one capable 
of aiding her, and we ought to hear it said more 
often, that one is afraid not to teach in Sunday- 
school, and another dares not refuse a proffered 
district, and a third fears to leave charitable tasks 
undone. To him that knoweth to do good, and 
doeth it not, to him it is Bin; and we hear too 
much about the terrible responsibility of working 
for God, but too little about the still graver re- 
sponsibility of refusing to work for him when 

The Gospel {Messenger 

Is llic recognized organ of the German Baptist or Brethren's church, 
and advocates Die form ol doctrine taught in the New Testament and 
pleads for a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only Infallible rule of faith and 
practice, and maintains that Faith toward Grid, Repentance from dead 
works, Regeneration of the heart and mind, baptism by Trine Immersion 
inr remission of sins unto the reception of the Holy Ghost by the laying 
on of hands, are the means of adoption into the household of God,— the 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, as taught in John 13, both by ex- 
ample and command ol Jesus, should be observed In the church, 

That the Lord's Supper, Instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, is a full meal, and, In 
connection with the Communion, should be taken In the evening or after 
the close of the day. 

That the Salutation ol the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, Is binding 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and self-denying 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle of I'lain Dressing and of Non-conformity to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the fol- 
lowers of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with Oil, In the Name 
of the Lord, James 5: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord lor the spread of the Gospel and lor the 

In short, it is a vindicator ol all that Christ and the apostles have en- 
joined upon us, and alms, amid the conflicting theories and discords of 
mufiern Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be in- 

gyThe above principles of our Fraternity are 
on our " Brethren's Envelopes." Usethernl Prjci 
per package; 40 cents per hundred. 


Missionary apd Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the lirsl day ul the wttk. 
let every one ol you lay by him in 
store as God hath prospered him, 
that there be no Rathcrlngs when I 
come."-i Cor. 16: a. 

grudgingly or ol necessity, for the 
Lord loveth a cheerful giver,"— a 

" Every man according to his ability." " Every one as God hath pros- 
fend him." "Everyman, according- as As fitafoitlA in his heart, so let 
him give." "For il there be first a willing mind, it is accepted accenting 
to that a man hath, and not acaitdiiij: l-ithal lie lialh not. "-a Cor. R: la. 

Organization of Missionary SomiDittee. 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Gales B. Rover, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kane. 

Ml. Morris, 111. 
■ Alt Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

S.W, Hoover, Foreman. • • • Daylon, Ohio. 

S. Bock, Secretary and Treasurer, Dayton, Ohio. 

intt-ndcd i..r Missionary Work should he sent t 
It. Morris, 111. 
r Tract Work should be sent to S. Bock, Daytoi 


|3f Money may be. 

cut by Mo 

ney Ordc 

Registered Letter, or Draft 
rsonal checks, or dralts on in 

terior towns, as It coat 


^-Solicitors are re 
Meeting, that all our n 

carry out the plan ol Annua 
to contribute at least twice 

year lor the Misiiun and Tract Work ol the Church, 

t»-Notes lor the Endowment Fund can be had by writing to the Sec 
ictary ol either Work. 


Practical Questions on Lesson VH, 

1. Describe tho persecution under Antiochus 
E pi pb fines. 

2. What was the test put to the Jews? 

3. How did this persecuting king dio. 

4. What period have we now reached in this 
history ? 

5. Name the sous of Mattathias. 

Lesson VIII. 
TMb lesson is a continuation of the last ouo. 
MattathiaB was a man of influence in Ids town, 
and thu king's officer came to him first, to secure 
his support and allegiance to the king, offering 
him great honors. Mattathias refused and when 
another party went to the altar, to show his 
allegiance to the king, Mattathias ruBhed forward 
and slew him, and the king's officer aleo. He 
threw down the altar and proclaimed throughout 
the city that all who were zealous for the law and 
covenant should follow him. He then tied to tho 
mountains, where many followed and joined them- 
selves to him. At one time a thousand of thene 
fugitives were slain because they would not fight 
on the Sabbath. This led Mattathias and his 
friends to decide that self-defense was lawful on 
the Sabbath. Mattathias being too old to con- 
tinue thi.' active duties of war, appointed his third 
son, Judas, smnamed Maccabeus (the Hammerer) 
as his successor. Judas succeeded in raising an 
army of from 0,000 to 10,000 men and was able to 
cope with the enemy. In 1GG B. C, with 10,000 
men, he defeated the Syrian army of 65,000 and 
obtained possession of Jerusalem, excepting the 
Syrian tower. He cleaused tho temple, replaced 
the sacred vessels which, as before stated, had 
been sold by Meuelaus. He kept a feast eight 
days, called the feast of dedication. This was kept 
up as a perpetual institution and is mentioned by 
John 10: 22. 

These five sons of Mattathias all, ouo by ono, 
gave their lives for their people, but the final 
result was that the Jews became independent for 
a number of years. Some relics of this period 
are still extant in the form of coins. John. 
Hyrcanus was the last of tho Maccabean family. 

He died in 100 B. C, leaving the government to 
bis wife. The eldest son. Aristobulus I, seized 
the throne, imprisoned his mother and starved 
bor to death. He aleo imprisoned three of his 
brothers. He had another brother, Antigonus, 
whom he sent on an expedition of conquest, while 
he himself was sick. Upon the return of Antigo- 
nus he summoned him to come unarmed into his 
presence and alavioned soldiers with orders to kill 
him if he came armed. The treacherous messen- 
gers told AnligouuB that the king wished to see 
him in his splendid armor. He came and was 
slain. The dying king, Arietobulus, was so horror- 
struck at the crime, that he vomited blood, and 
the slave, carrying away the blood in a basin, 
slipped on the spot where Antigonus was killed, 
thus mingling the blood of the two brothers. 

Aristobulus established the Asmonean dynasty 
which lasted for about 70 years. He was a Saddu- 
cee. During this dynasty the Pharisees and 
Sadducees were warring ngainst each other, first 
one, then the other party being successful. In 69 
B. C, Hyrcanus \\ became the ruler, but was 
deposed by his brother, Aristobulus II. Now we 
see the shadow of tho House of Herod coming 

Antipater was an Idumean noble, a eon of 
Autipas, who had been Governor of Idumea, the 
country lying south of Judea. Antipater became 
a bosom friend of Hyrcanus, the deposed king, 
and persuaded him that his brother, Aristobulus, 
was seeking his life. Accordingly he advised him 
to fiee to Aretas, a powerful king of Arabia Petra. 
They soon returned with an army of 50,000 men, 
and besieged AristobuluB in Jerusalem. The 
time of the Passover arrived and the besieged had 
no lambs for sacrifice. The besieging army 
promised those in the city that they would f urniBh 
them lambs if they would let down baskets with 
the price of the lambs, but they took the money 
out of the baskets and left them empty or placed 
swine in them. 

McPherson, Kans. 



The election of the President of the United 
States is not as important as the election of a 
brother to the ministry, by the church. 

1. Because the authority, by which he is called, 
is divine; (a) by the instruction of the Son of 
God, (6) by the dictation of the Holy Spirit, (c) 
by the agency of God's church, which is supposed 
to act directly under divine influences, by medita- 
tion and prayer. 

2. Because ho is called to preach the Everlast- 
ing Gospel, which coBt the life of the only Begot- 
ten Son of God, to men, each one of whose souls 
is worth more than the whole world, with all of 
its kingdoms, nations and republics. 

If, then, tho minister is called by such high 
authority, is it not true that his responsibility 
will be as great as the authority, by which he is 
called, is high? This is truo in any appointment 
to office, even of a secular character. Every such 
officer must satisfy the authorities that he will 
faithfully discharge the several duties respecting 
his office, by oath, or otherwise, or bond sufficient 
to cover the obligation, entrusted to him, in case 
of failure. Then, according to those qualifica- 
tions and securities, he iB inaugurated. After 
that the services of his office must be rendered 
equal to the extent of his office, and the authority 
which appointed him. 

We regard this as being strictly true in tho 
case of any brother, called by the church to the 
ministry, with one exception; that is, all ministers 

not expected to do ministerial work of the 
b kind, like, for instance, tho office of town- 
ship trustees, or county clerks, etc.,— all of either 
kind being alike. 

True, the office of all ministers is alike in prin- 
ciple, i. e., all ministers Bhould work to the same 
general end yet, in a particular Benee, they will be 
as varied as were Paul, Peter, John, Apollos and 
Barnabas. Paul could plant, Apollos, water. 
With touching exhortations Peter could stir up ' 
the pure minds by way of remembrance. With 
fiery zeal John could sweeten with love, and Bar- 
nabas could console. These all are neceBBary to 
the full growth of the Christian. However va- 
ried those peculiar services of ministers in tho 
same office were, there necessarily was not to be 
the least disagreement among them. Their work 
was to fit together like so many dressed stones in 
a great wall, yet of different shapes and various 

The work of the ministry being so varied, there 
can be no brother called to the ministry by the 
church, when done according to the Gospel, but 
that there is a place for him to occupy, some- 
where in the ministerial department of the church. 

The scope of ministerial work is bounded by 
Gospel limits, which control every minister. 

1. By an impelling force, i. e. t whether he has 
one, two, or five talents, God will call him to ac- 
count for the talent delivered unto him according 
to his ability. Matt. 25: 14-30. The only way in 
which he can balance his account with God, is, 
to occupy till he comes to make settlement, when 
ho must be able to deliver up as much again as 
he received, i. e , if God gave him one talent, he 
will charge him up with one talent, plus one tal- 
ent'B worth of responsibility, which is equal to 
two talents, therefore he must bring two talents 
on settlement day to balance his account with God. 

2. Every minister is controlled by a restricting 
force, if needed, to keep him from overdoing the 
work, Peter-like becoming overly-zealous. Tho 
Gospel will rein up such a one, like Jesus did 
Peter, and train him to be more temperate and 
considerate, so that, instead of always saying: 
" Though I should die with thee, yet will I not 
deny thee," and then immediately breaking his 
vow, he will be taught to say simply, "I love thee; 
thou knoweat that I love thee," and keep moving 
in the even tenor of moderation. 

There is, then, one general rule for all minis- 
ters, to bring all, and each of them into accepta- 
ble service. It is the rule given by Paul to Tim- 
othy: "Study to show thyself approved unto God, 
a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, right- 
ly dividing the Word of Truth." 2 Tim. 2: 15. 

If a brother is called to the ministry, and there 
happens to be a Paul in him, he is not justified 
until he is a preacher like Paul. If there is a 
John, or a Barnabas in him, he must produce a 
John or a Barnabas. Bear in mind, it is not said, 
in Paul's rule to Timothy, that if a minister can- 
not be like Paul, or Peter, or Apollos, he shall be 
no minister at all. But the universal basis, which 
is applicable to all alike, is according to each 
one's " several ability." Do all you can, and if 
you do the least, it is as satisfactory with God as 
though you did the most. 

If a minister in God's vineyard, is not fitted 
for a position on a watch-tower, or as foreman to 
run the wine-press, or as a superintendent of the 
vine-dressers, he can do a simpler work, and also 
very essential to the prosperity of the vineyard. 
He can keep waking through the vineyard, and 
kill the little foxes that spoil the vines; and, after 
that, walk around the hedge, and close up the 
places where they got in, to keep others out. 
This is very important in the vineyard. It is, 
! spiritually, as important in the ohui-oh. 

5, 1892. 



Whenever it is proven beyond the possibility of 
a doubt that the church made a mistake in calling 
a brother to the ministry, the known fact that such 
mistake was made would already annul such ac- 
tion. But where shall we go for such positive 
proof? There is none in reach. Therefore, when 
a brother is called by the church as a minister, 
there is none able to say, knowingly, that God did 
not co-operate in the church's action. If, then, 
the chnroh would reverse its own action, without 
.such proof, the last action would be guess work 
.and if the first action was not a mistake, the last 
\would be. Therefore, in consideration of such cir- 
■en instances, 

and at the same time say that he is not fit for the 
place and that, if the church does not relieve him, 
he will not serve any way? 

It is not right because he is not obedient to the 
■church, which is violating one of the conditions 
by which he was admitted into the church, i. e. t 
he is not willing to hear the church. He is really 
setting up his own, private judgment against the 
judgment of the church without any authority to 
do so, in a matter in which the church acted with 
all the authority that there is. 

Again, it is not right because it is a violation of 
Matt. 7: 12, " All things whatsoever ye would that 
men should do to you, do ye even so to them." (He 
would not be willing to allow any other brother 
such liberty on any other matter as he is using in 
this. For example: Suppose there is a difference 
between him and his brother of $100 which they 
cannot settle, after which the church makes a de- 
cision that his brother rightfully owes him the 
$100 and that he shall pay him that amount, — if 
that brother should refuse to pay him, he would 
immediately complain against him to the church, 
for not hearing the church; yet, indeed, such a 
case would be of minor importance, when com- 
pared with the refusal to try to fulfill his office, 
which was imposed upon him by also a majority 
of the same church. 

Therefore, we would advise, as a safe course, do 
what you can, no matter how little that may ap- 
pear to you or to others, Jesus Christ will crown 

Hagerstown, Ind. 

DENMARK FROM 1840 TO 1890. 

BY 0. HOrE. 

In 1840 the country was Bettled mainly in small 
villages; now nearly all have built where their 
main body of land lies. Then the houses were 
mainly built oE lumber, filled out in the open spaces 
with clay. Now the fine, pressed bricks take the 
place of the latter and the straw roof passes away 
for tile, Blate and shingles. 

Then the country was full of swamps where 
peat was dug and watery holes left, — now those 
swamps are transformed into regularly irrigated, 
fruitful meadows. The barren waste laud is 
transformed into farm laud, or planted to pine or 
other forest treeB. Even the quicksand hills, on 
the shores of the North Sea, are transformed into 
promising pineries, and the farmers, even in 
North Jutland, surround their houses with beauti- 
ful groves and orchards, where before was a tree- 
lees plaio, as far as the eye could see the land- 
scape. Even the battle with the North Soa is 
carried on with success, to stop its continual 
washing and undermining the land, and trans- 
forming it into ocean bottom and flying quicksand 
bills, Sfcojje barriers of an expensive nature are 

built in the sea to keep off the destroying current, 
and a peculiar grass is planted every year, to stop 
the ever-drifting quicksand from moving iu over 
the fruitful land. 

In 1840 there were in the little kingdom 
1,296,000 inhabitants. In 1890 they had increased 
839,000, not counting the emigration, which has 
been considerable. 

The capital, Copenhagen, with its suburbs, hiul, 
in 1840, 125,268 inhabitants; iu 1890 it had 375,251; 
that is in fifty years it increased threefold. 

AarhuB has grown from 7,078 to 33,308, Odeuso 
from 9,198 to 30,277. The increase has not only 
been in the great centers, but Herning, in North 
Jutland, which iu 1840 had but twenty-one inhabit- 
ants, all surrounded by unfruitful waste land, has 
now 3,343 inhabitants and is surrounded by farm 
lands and great forests and so all along the rail- 
road the stations are centers for promising and 
thrifty villagee. 

The cities have, in those fifty years, had a 
growth from 262,000 to 633,000 inhabitants or 
400,000 more than formerly. The farm popula- 
tion has grown with au addition of 500,000 or 
three persons for every two persons in 1840,— an 
increase in the population of 20,000 yearly, not 
counting emigration. 

Denmark contains 693 square miles and had. 
1801, 1,348 persons on a Bquare mile; iu 1890 it 
supported 3,153 to the square mile. The Danish 
mile is four times as large aB an English mile. 

The laBt ten years have been very depressing 
for the farmer. Prices are continually going 
down; there are difficulties to get hired help, on 
account of emigration, and the change from grain 
raising to dairy and fattening cattle and hogs; but 
the Danish farmer knows how to economize, if 
need compel. He employs married hands in the 
place of unmarried, that seek foreign countries, 

The farmer gets about ten cents per pound of 
pork sold to packing companies. Beef sells for 
about 15 cents per pound; fatted calves, 15 cents 
per pound ; sheep, 14 cents per pound ; ealted 
pork, 14 cents per pound; fresh pork, 12 to 14 
cents per pound; geese, 15 cents per pound; ducks, 
54 cents a piece; chickens, 25 ceuts a piece; eggs. 
35 ceutB for 20; butter, 40 to GO cents per pound 
rye bread, unbolted, 18 cents for 8 pounds; 
potatoes, 75 cents per bushel. 

Copenhagen is now the only fortified place 
Denmark. The fortifications are a network of 
strong, modem forts, A deep ditch and a high 
earthen wall surround the whole city, in half t 
circle, from ocean to ocean, situated several miles 
outside of tbe city limits, and built by the 
Government contrary to law and against the will 
of the majority of the people. Tbe harbor is 
larged to about double its size, aud will now have 
a free trade department for all nations. The 
harbor also presents strong fortifications on the 
seaside. The entrance Bifords only a small opei 
iug for vessels to pass through, and is guarded by 
strong forts and formidable cannons. For Bei 
miles out at sea there is but one channel to e 
into the harbor, or approach the city, aud on that 
very point there is now building a strong fort, 
constructed by sinking large blocks of cement 
until this foundation rises above the surface of 
the water. By this fortification any vessel will 
have to pass so closely that you can reach it 
with .a long pole. 

Thus little Denmark works on, and perhaps th: 
sketch will be of some interest to our friends who 
keep on asking for letters, wondering why I do not 
write for the paper. I have had no time, before 
to-day, which I dedicate to you. 
mission wonK 

For my part is now closed in Sweden and 
Copenhagen. All that remains is to bid them 
good-bye, there and in Malmo. I start for Ameri- 

ca, if the Lord will, iu January, '92. Since our 
dear brother, D. L. Miller, and wife, left, I have 
held fifty-one meetings iu Sweden and ten in 
Copenhagen, and have not had proper rest or 
regular living, since I left home, July 25, 1891. 

In Sweden the work seems going forward. 
There aro several requests made for baptism at 
nal places, as soon as some hindrances and 
obstacles are removed. At several places our 
Baptist friends aro earnestly counting the cost, 
aud investigating their standing. One Baptist 
church in South Sweden has changed entirely to 
our practice iu every point except baptism. "We 
(Bro. Olssou aud I), spent a night with them, in 
talking and exchanging of ideas. We told them 
what we knew of trine immersion and our own 
life, which was listened to with interest, without 
a Bingle objection. It was indeed one of the most 
loving receptions I ever had. May God bless 
them to go on in the good work. 

Many express uncertainty in their standing and 
admit that we do as the Bible reads. Hence the 
preachers' alarm and hostility to us, and especially 
to me, whom they hate as the first cause of the 
planting of the church there, and of the trouble 
they now have on hand. In Malmo and Liuhamu 
some disowned members said they would return 
again, and they showed us much kindness. 

In Copenhagen four or five have returned to 
the fold and promise to work for peace. More 
would like to come, but could not yet get down 
low enough to make needed confession of their 
faults, though the church gladly did her part, and 
on a few points retraced her steps to the line of 
the Brotherhood, whore they, not knowing bettor, 
had gone a little too far. 

Copenhagen, like all large cities, is a hard 
place, but the church there has now, iu Bro. 
Hanson, a quiet, loving, patient brother, whom, all 
the members admit, is a good, consistent man, and 
if they all will work with him, and with one 
auother, aud not against each other, better days 
may dawn for that place yet. On the whole I can 
but recommend the work and the cause to our 
Brotherhood for earnest prayer and good care, as 
well as needed assistance for tho future. 

The new tract, by Bro. D. L. Miller, is doing 
good work aud is liked by all. The Swedish Breth- 
ren long to have it printed, which, so far, has not 
been done, as they have not heard from the Tract 
Committee. The churches have fond hopes that 
Bro. D. L. Miller will return, if he can not go on 
to Palestine, which, we hope, he may still do for 
the good of all. 

I stop here a few days, doing business to have 
tho Danish meeting-houRcs transferred to the 
General Brotherhood. From here I go North to 
Eld. Eskildsen, and will work in his district till 
about New Year. I do not consider it prudent 
to stay longer, as tho churches will then have got 
needed assistance, some comfort, and able to go ou 
without mo. I would like to visit a few places 
east, along the B. & O. K. It., and see some of 
those of like precious faith, and be home in time 
for spring work, if the Lord will. 

Returning home I have promised to stop at 
Bro. Isaac Culp's, Grater's Ford, Pa., iu order to 
see those who bo tenderly nursed my dear com- 
panion in her sickness, when we started to 
Denmark the first time. Letters may reach 
there from the middle to the latter part of Janu- 

This may be my last letter for this year. 
Thanks to any and all for their prayers, their 
letters, and their kindness to me and family. 
May God bless you with a New Year of grace, 
peace, joy and mercy, and with fervent love to 
each other, and, above all, with thankful hearts to 
God, our Heavenly Father, Christian Hope. 

Aalhorg, Nov. $2, 1801, 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B, Brumbaugh,) .... Associate Editors. 

J. G. Roykr, | 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 

^■"Communications lor publication should be legibly written with 
blink ink on ono side of the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, or 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

^"Anonymous communications will not be published. 

^-Do not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets from all business. 

^"Time Is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions ol importance, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering o) letters. 
" ^-Thc Messenger Is mailed each week to all subscribers. If the ad- 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper mu3t reach the person to 
whom it is addressed. If you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

ET-Whcn changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your future address in full, so as to avoid delay and misunderst,tinliiin. 

HfAlways remit to the office from which you order your goods, no 
matter Irom where you receive them. 

|y Do not send personal checks or drafts on interior banks, unless you 
send with them 2$ cents each, to pay lor collection. 

Hr*Kcmittanccs should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to " Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, HI.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

|»~Entcrcd at the Post-office at Mount Morris, III., as second-class 

Mount Morris, 111., 

Bro. J. P. Harshbarger recently held a series 
•of meetings at Newton, KanB. 

La Grippe is again becoming epidemic in 
tbis country. There are aaid to be 20,000 cases of 
it in St. Louis alone. 

Bro. John Wise writes that the church at Con- 
way Springs, KanB., recently held a glorious revi- 
val with six additions. 

It is now stated that one priest and ono thou- 
sand native Christians were massacred in North- 
ern China during the recent troubles. 

The Brethren in Chicago have decided to com- 
mence a series of meetings Jan. 7, and hold their 
love-feast on the evening of the 14th. 

One of our agents sends us a list of subscribers 
three feet long, containing sixty-nine names. 
That is the way we like to see them come. 

Bro. L. D. Caldwell reports the church at 
Lost River, West Virginia, in peace and love. He 
also speaks of the fine weather enjoyed up to Dec. 

Brethren D. F. Stoufferand Wilbur Stover re- 
cently held a serieB of meetings in the Long Mea- 
dow meeting-house, Maryland, which resulted in 
ten additions to the church. 

Bro. Hope, having completed his work in Den- 
mark, returns home this month. He left Europe 
Dec. 15, in company with Prof. CravenB and oth- 
ers, of whom more will be said in next issue. 

We have ready for mailing our new Bible Cata- 
logue, which will be sent free to any one who will 
all for it. It contains thirty-two pages, giving a 
list of the Bibles and New Testaments for which 
we are prepared to fill orders. 

When last heard from, Bro. Daniel Vaniman 
was with the Brethren at Cerro Gordo, 111. He 
attended the ministerial meeting at that place, and 
also gives our readers a report of the same. He 
is expected to be with us this week. 

We again request our agents and others not to 
send us private checks. It costs us twenty-five 
cents to collect every one that is sent us. We, 
therefore, call special attention to instructions in 
regard to checks at the head of the editorial page. 

During a recent trip to Dickinson County, 
Kansas, Bro. Daniel Vaniman met a gentleman 
106 years old. He was a native of England and 
was born in 1785. His mind still Beems to be 
clear, for he can easily recall incidents that hap- 
pened one hundred years ago. 

Sometime ago a number of Christians were 
massacred in China. The trouble soon assumed 
the form of an iusurrection, which was taken into 
hand by the Chinese government after regular 
oriental style, and those who committed the crime 
against the Christians are being most severely 

A very interesting meeting was held in the 
Chapel on Christmas Day for the benefit of the 
little folks. The front seats were occupied by ov- 
er one hundred children, who were addressed by 
Bro. O. P. Hoover in a very entertaining and in- 
structive manner. The services were greatly ap- 
preciated by both old and young. 

The editor of The Worker, a very spicy little 
paper, published at Centerville, Ky., knows how to 
appreciate and encourage a good thing. He says: 
" The editor of the Gospel Messenger, Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111., is wandering in the old world, and writing 
back Borne of the moBt entertaining letters of trav- 
el we ever read. He certainly keeps both eyes 
and ears open and what he sees and hearB he can 
tell in an interesting and instructive way." 

Many of our people who have had the misfort- 
une to wait for trains at Harper's Ferry, Va., will 
always remember " John Brown's Fort." It is to 
be removed to Chicago. 

Writing from River, Ind., Bro. Samuel Mur- 
ray sayB one was recently baptized, making, in all, 
six that have been received into the church during 
the month of December. 

Bro, Rohert Metsker and wife, of North Man 
chester, Ind., Bpent several days with us last week, 
They report the Manchester church in a healthy 
and encouraging condition. 

Bro. P. J. Eisenrise and wife, of Morrill, Kans., 
have just returned from Arizona. They seem to be 
well pleased with the outlook and have decided to 
locate in the Salt River Valley and labor with a 
view of establishing a church in the Territory. 

We regret to learn that Borne of our brethren 
feel disappointed because we failed to publish cer- 
tain printed programs of ministerial meetings that 
were sent us. So far we have published all the 
programs we were requested to publish. We re- 
ceive a great deal of that claBB of matter and thank 
our friends for keeping us posted, but when it is 
necessary for any of it to appear in the paper, 
they must so inform us, and we will surely accom- 
modate them to the very best of our ability. 

It is well to pay little or no attention to anony- 
mous writers, especially those who criticise your 
work. Well-informed, cultured people do not 
write anonymous communications criticising the 
doings of others. We seldom, or never, read that 
class of letters, let alone trouble ourselves over tjiem. 

Some of that old spirit of persecution still lin- 
gers in the Catholic church. Recently one of the 
members of that church, a storekeeper in Boston, 
refused to send her children to the Catholic 
school, whereupon the priest denounced her pub- 
licly from the altar, and officially forbade his par- 
ishioners to trade with her. This attempt at pun- 
ishment stirred her nature and now she has sued 
the Priest for damages to the amount of $5,000.00. 
AH of this looks very much unlike that Christian- 
ity which renders good for evil, 

The Mt. Morris College has placed on our desk 
a neat little pocket " Sunday Diary " for 1892, con- 
taining a list of all the Sunday-school lessons for 
year, with much other valuable information 
that will be appreciated by all those who are fort- 
unate enough to procure a copy. Price, per copy, 
five cents; or three copies, ten cents. 

Bro. Levi Mohler, of WarrenBburgh, Mo. 
pent the last Sunday of 1891 with us, preaching 
both morning and evening. His visit was very 
much appreciated. He seems encouraged with 
the improved condition of his father, S. S. Mohler, 
who is gradually gaining strength of both body 
and mind. We, therefore, have reason to hope 
that he may yet be spared for much usefulness 
among us. 

Mrs. Walker, wife of Prof. I. M. Walker, of 
Mt. Morris College, died Dec. 23rd. Her remains 
were taken by her husband to Abilene, Kans., for 
interment, being accompanied by Bro. J. G. Roy- 
er, who conducted short funeral services in the 
family for the benefit of the bereft, who, in their 
bereavement, have the sympathies of this entire 

Bro. Joshua Shultz, of the Maquoketa church, 
Iowa, writes that he has just recovered from a 
long sicknesB of three months. He is not able to 
fill the regular appointments in his congregation, 
and very much desires help from other ministers. 
He wonders why it is that ministers from other 
parts do not visit and preach for them like they 
did in former yearsl It is to be feared that our 
ministers do not exchange services as much as 
they did years ago. It would be well for us to re- 
store and cultivate some of the good old customs 
that characterized us in an early period of our 
church work. 

Dr. Munhall says: "More than once, in my 
meetings, upon finding a penitent weeping over 
his sins, and wanting some one to tell him how to 
be saved, I have asked a professing Christian to 
help him and heard him say, with a shrug of the 
shoulderB, ' It isn't my way to get souls saved.' 
God pity the professing Christian who is not glad- 
ly willing, at any time, anywhere, anyhow, to 
point inquiring souls to the Savior of men! " We 
might say, God pity Dr. Munhall for not telling 
weeping sinners himself how to be saved. It did 
not take Peter long, on the day of Pentecost, to 
tell three thousand how to be saved. If the doc- 
tor would preach more from the pulpit how to be 
saved, it might greatly aid those who weep over 
their sins. 

We are led to wonder whether we are not los- 
ing much by giving up field-preaching. Who 
cannot, with pleasure, remember some glorious 
meetings enjoyed in nature's grand temple. Con- 
cerning this field-preaching one of our exchanges 
says: " There is a great call for it. The Salvation 
Army are seeking the people where they are, in 
the streets, on the commons, in the slums; Wesley 
and Whitefield did the same. John the Baptist 
and Christ were great field-preachers. The Con- 
gregationalist says: 'Only one who has studied 
life on Boston Common on a Sunday afternoon 
and listened to the Socialist, Nationalist, and sin- 
gle tax propagandists— and been inspired by their 
enthusiasm and persistency — can realize how es^ 
sential it is that Christianity should once more be 
proclaimed by preachers who are able to talk in 
the open air and equipped for the " give and take '' 
style of argument which will be necessary.' " 

Jan. 5. 1892. 


The Christian Leader says the best way to re- 
form a bad boy is to begin with his graml mother. 
There is much truth in this, and it will be well 
for all of those who have the good of the race at 
heart to give it due consideration. This nation is 
need of good mothers. The mothers of our 
land are now moulding the future condition of 
generations to come. Mothers are also mouldirjg 
the church for the future. The fathers are help- 
ing, but the greater influence is on the side of the 
mothers. Like motherp, like church, may prove as 
true as " Like priest, like people." 

It is strange how thoughtless intelligent men 
may become, respecting their own personal inter- 
est. It is said that Geo. W. Allen, better known 
as the " Land Bill " Allen, spent S60.000 in an at- 
tempt to secure one hundred and sixty acres of 
land for each early settler in Ohio, and at the age 
of eighty-three was driven to the pocr-house, hav- 
ing been so intent on providing for others that he 
neglected to make any provisions for himself. 
The minister of the Gospel is exposed to the same 
danger, for in his zeal to save others he may so 
neglect "his own personal piety as to make ship- 
wreck ot his own faith and thereby be a cast-away. 

A writer truthfully remarks that a large per 
cent of the converts at protracted meetings are 
children, and there are not so many men and wom- 
en of mature years as was the case a generation 
ago. The facts as stated cannot be denied, but 
there must be some reason for it worthy of con- 
sideration. Sunday-schools have been the means 
of leading many children to embrace religion even 
without protracted meetings, and prepared others 
for the influence of sensational preaching, of 
which we have an unusual amount of late years. 
In fact, moBt of the preaching done at protracted 
meetings is of the sensational character, and of 
course'reaches the young more than those of ma- 
ture years. We need more solid, doctrinal preach- 
ing, in order to reach men and women of thought, 
and it is really astonishing how little sound doc- 
trinal preaching is heard in these days, especially 
in fashionable churches. We have no reason for 
discouraging the ingathering of the young, wish- 
ing to encourage it as much as possible, but we 
certainly ought not to neglect those of mature 
years. Then, while we are gathering the young 
into the flock, special efforts should be made to 
properly care for them. This, we fear, is being 
greatly neglected in some localities. The 
deserves our prayerful consideration. 


With this issue we enter upon the work of an- 
other year. The past is forever gone, and it is 
wholly to the future that we must now look for all 
of our opportunities. As a church we have a 
grand work before us, and should enter upon it 
with a deep sense of our responsibilities. 

Our field is greatly enlarging and the work is 
becoming more diversified as well as more per- 
plexing. This is an age requiring skill in the 
handling of the Word as well as great faithful- 
ness, for it is also an age of much religious decep- 
tion. Hence we think it wise to pause and con- 
sider the ancient landmarks set by our fathers. 
Prov. 22: 28. A well-maintained landmark in- 
sures peace and justice respecting boundary lines. 
All civilized nations have their lands carefully 
marked, in order that the owners of the soil rray 
know their limits, and for this purpose the an- 
cient, or original, lines and corners should be duly 

There are also spiritual landmarks that deserve 
our most serums consideration, and unless wo 

keep them fresh iu our minds, all traces of them 
may eventually be lost. A very important line at 
this time is the one existing between the church 
and the world, the line that marks the separation 
between the kingdom of this world and the king- 
dom of Christ. It was here that our fathers set 
certain ancient marks that are likely to be re- 
moved unless great care is taken to preserve them, 

These ancient landmarks were not the inven- 
tions of our fathers, but were found by them in 
the Scriptures. When they inaugurated their re- 
formatory movement in Germany, they set up 
these landmarks for the guidance of their own at 
well as for future generations, and all the church 
es in America that have duly respected them have 
certainly made their work a success. It is indeed 
encouraging to go into a large congregation where 
the landmarks, set by our fathers, have been well 
preserved. It enables both the church and the 
world to see where one kingdom beginB and the 
other ends. But it is certainly lamentable to see 
whole congregations entirely ignoring these land- 
marks, so much so, that no one can tell the church 
from the world. If our intention is to be just like 
the world, what is the use of having any marks at 
all! Our fathers searched the Scriptures for the 
old, apostolic landmarks, and, after finding them, 
set them up in their faith and practice, and then 
transmitted them to us, and we may now, appro- 
priately as well as earnestly, exhort our Brethren 
not to remove the ancient landmarks which were 
set by our fathers. 

Among the marks set up by them we may name 
honeBty, purity, truthfulness, pray erf ulness, plain- 
ness, meekness, brotherly love, non-resistance, ab- 
staining from politics, places of amusement and 
many other things of the same character. Non- 
conformity to the world in dress and customs was 
a conspicuous mark with them and served a very 
important part in their reformatory movement. 
But we are sorry to say that this mark is becom- 
ing obliterated in some parts of our beloved Zion. 
With our fathers the family altar was the corner- 
stone of every home, and no one thought of serv- 
ing God without daily offering his gift thereon. 

Our fathers restored the ancient form of Chris- 
tian baptism, as well as the proper observances of 
feet-washing, the Lord's Supper and the Commun- 
ion. They also brought to light the salutation of 
the holy kiss, and other duties, which a semi- 
worldly Christianity had permitted to pass entire- 
ly out of use. In this manner they set up the an- 
cient landmarks that had been neglected for cen- 

In earnest support of these old landmarks the 
Messenger enters upon the work of another year, 
trusting that in our efforts we may have the aid as 
well as the prayers and sympathies of the entire 
Brotherhood. Attempts are being made to re- 
move many of these landmarks and it becomes us 
as a people to see that they are fully respected on 
every hand. Popular Christianity has removed 
ao many of the landmarks set by the apostles that 
it is now extremely difficult to locate the bound- 
ary lines. Our people certainly do not desire to 
follow the popular course in this respect, but, on 
the other hand, these ancient boundary lines must 
be distinctly pointed out and maintained in every 
department of our church work, and the Lord be- 
ing our helper we hope to do something in this 
direction the present year, hence crave an inter- 
est in tUfe prayers and sympathies of all those who 
want to see the apostolic order of things prevail. 
,T. H. v. 


Number Fourteen. 

In our last letter we gave some illustrations, 
taken from the ancient records of Nineveh, show- 
ings wonderful agreement with the Bible. In- 
deed the similarity in the records is remarkable, 
and so strongly do they verify the Bible and cor- 
roborate its statements, that no one who is at all 
acquainted with the facts iu the case, will, for a 
moment, doubt the truth of the Book. Some 
there are, who will refuse to investigate, and con- 
tinue to doubt, but the fair-minded man will ex- 
amine to see whether these things are true. 
Those who refuse to do this, show a hardness of 
heart and a deep-seated prejudice against the 
truth that always comes to those who turn away 
from its influence. 

As an illustration of how some men investigate, 
and then criticise the Bible, the following inci- 
dent is given. A few days ago we met a party 
who had been to Egypt and Palestine, and, being 
deeply interested in those countries, wo conversed 
with one of them who seemed to be a leader. We 
found that they had made a flying trip through 
Europe, gone to Egypt and the Holy Land, and 
had taken less than two months for the entire 
tour. They had gone to Jaffa, rode over to Jeru- 
salem, and then to the Valley of the Jordan, 
spent one night there, and then back to Jerusa- 
lem and to Jaffa, where they took a steamer for 
Europe. They had spent four days in riding 
across the country iu one of the nioBt interesting 
lands in the world. As a result, they bad but a 
very limited and superficial kuowledge of the 
places they visited. We should have thought 
nothing more of the talk, had it not been that we 
afterwards overheard the leader telling some one 
else of their trip to the Holy Laud, and criticis- 
ing the Bible. Daring the talk the question was 
asked, "Did you Bee Jacob's well?" "Oh yes," 
was the reply; "we had a place pointed out as the 
well of Jacob, but there is nothing authentio 
about it." Now the fact is, the man had pot been 
within nearly 100 miles of Shechem and Jacob's 
well, and we concluded that he had a very con- 
fused idea of what he did see, or else he willfully 
misrepresented the facts, to sneer as he did at the 
Bible. This man will return to America and say 
that he haB visited Palestine, and that the Bible 
is not true, and those who hear him will credit 
his statements. The fact is, there is no place in 
the world better authenticated than is Jacob's 
well. We have direct historical testimony, cover- 
ing a period of over fifteen hundred years, as to 
its location, and it agrees so exactly with the ao- 
count of it in the Gospel, that there cannot be the 
slightest doubt as to the place, and this fact is 
recognized by all travelers and scholars, but our 
modern investigator, after spending four days 
in searching the country, declares that it is not 
authentic. Could self-assurance and misrepre- 
sentation be carried farther than this? 

Our readers will pardon this digression, but it 
llustrates so clearly the disposition found in a 
class of unbelievers, to shut their eyes to the 
truth, that we give it as it occurred. 

We now return to the records, and give one 
that throws an important side-light upon a state- 
ment made in the Bible. After recording the in- 
vasion of Judea, by the king of Assyria, he is dis- 


Jan. 5, 1892. 

mieeed from the Bible account in tbe following 
words: "So Sennacherib king of Assyria depart- 
ed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. 
And it came to pass, as he wbb worshipping in the 
house of NiBroch Mb god, that Adrainmelech and 
Sharezer his eons smote him with the sword: and 
they escaped into the laud of Armenia. And 
Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead." 2 
Kings 10: 30, 37. This statement gave rise "to 
several questions. Why did EBar-haddon, the 
youngest son, succeed his father on the throne, 
and not the eldest son, as was the rule of succes- 
sion? Why did the elder sons slay their father? 
The Bible being silent on theBe questions, noth- 
ing more was known as to the cause of the assas- 
sination, and there the matter rested, except that 
the statement that the youngest son reigned was 
called into question. 

But the old Library makes it all clear, and 
gives us a clue to the motives that induced the eld- 
er sons to imbrue their handB in their father's 
blood. The Bible account is supplemented and 
shown to be literally true. One of the most in- 
teresting tablets which we had the privilege and 
the pleasure of examining, was Sennacherib's 
will. It iB clearly inscribed, and the tablet is as 
well preserved, as if it had been made but twenty- 
five years, instead of twenty-five centuries ago. 
It was discovered at Nineveh and deposited in 
the British Museum by Mr. Layard. The follow- 
ing translation is by Dr. Sayce, and may be found 
in " The Records of the Past," Vol. 1, page 136. 
" I Sennacherib, King of multitudes, King of As- 
syria, have given chains of gold, stores of ivory, a 
cup of gold, crowns and chains besides, all the 
riches of which there are heaps; crystals and 
another precious stone and bird's stones; one and 
a half manehs, two and a half cibi, according to 
their weight, to EBar-haddon my son, win 
afterward named Assur-ebil-neu-cin-pal according 
to my wish; the treasure of the temple of Amuk 
and Nebo-irik-erba the harpists of Nebo." 

The will gives a clue to the desperate deed of 
the king's oldest sons. He, having made the 
younger son his heir and successor, they, in jeal- 
ous rage, slew the old king. They selected, ac- 
cording to other tablets, as the time for their 
deBperate deed, the absence of Esar-haddon in 
Babylon. They usurped the throne, but the 
younger brother returned from Babylon, met 
them in battle, defeated and drove them to Ar- 
menia, and reigned in his father's stead. What a 
wonderful proof of the truth of the Bible recordl 

Sennacherib's will has a twofold interest. As 
before slated, it gives the strongest evidence in 
favor of the Bible, and it is the oldest copy of a 
will known in the world. We regard it as one 
of the most interesting objectB we examined in 
the great Assyrian collection. It bears the seal 
of the king. 

Among the twenty thousand tablets, there are 
many of a general interest, referring to the every- 
day life of the ancient Ninevites. We give the 
translation of several contracts made nearly 700 
years before Christ. 
A contract for a house: 

11 The whole house with its wood work and its doore, sit- 
uated in the City of Nineveh, adjoining the houses of Mannu 
and Ilu-ciji and the property of lusa-kl, he has sold, and 
Taillu-Assur, the astronomer, an Egyptian, for one maneh of 
silver, according to the royal standard, in the presence of 
Sarraludari, Atar-suru and Amat-suhala, the wife of its 
owner, has received it The full sum thou liast given. This 
houie haa been taken poisesslon of. The exchange and the 
contract ore ronclurled, Thero Is no withdrawal," 

Here follow the nail marks of the witnesses, 
impressed on the clay tablet, when the writing 
was made; dated B. C. 692. 

A note given for the payment of silver: 
"Ten shekels of the best tilver, being chains for Istar of 
Nineveh, which Billu baladh, in the presence of Manu-ci-Ar- 
bela has lent on a loan. The silver is to have interest paid on 
it at four per cent, on the third day of the month the silver 
has been given. Dated the third day of the month Hebat 
B. C. 650." 

Contract for the sale of slaves, shows that the 
Ninevites held their wives and daughters as 

"The seal of Ebed Ishtar, the master of men. The giving 
up of Hoshea, his two wives, Mlsha and Badia, Sigaba; Bal- 
Kharran and his two daughters, in all seven persons, slaves, 
whom Ebed-Ishtar has sold ; and Simadl for three manehs of 
sliver has taken. The whole sum hast thou given. The ex- 
change and contract is finished; there is no withdrawal. The 
witnesses are Belmuri the priest, Sfdon and others. The 
month Tisni, B. C. 680." 

These examples will give our readers some idea 
of the miscellaneous character of the tablets, 
found in Nineveh. 

We only have space to give a list of a few o£ 
the most interesting records which we exam- 
ined, and to which we have not referred in 
these letters. 

1. A clay tablet, referring to the fall of man, 
with a tree, and figures of a man and woman and 
serpent in bas-relief. The reference is unmistak- 

2. A terra cotta tablet, containing an account of 
the flood. Unfortunately only a part of this in- 
teresting tablet has been found, as it waB broken. 
It is to be hoped that the part wanting may yet 
be discovered. 

3. A record of the building of the tower of Ba- 

but half the benefit and pleasure in reading our 
letters, devoted to these topics, that we have from 
their study, we shall feel amply repaid for our 
part of the work. 

ur next letter will be partly descriptive of 
some of the interesting places which we visited £m 
London. We remain here a short time before* 
continuing our wanderings. It seems now thaft 
we may be able to visit the seven churches of: 
Asia, as the cholera has been, up to this time; 
confined to Palestine and Arabia. Yesterday's 
papers note nearly three hundred deaths in Da- 
mascus from the plague. We do not think it beBt 
to go into danger, and will go forward only as the 
way seems to be safe. 


" Write what thou seest, and send i< 


: with you. 

^"Church News solicited for this Department. If i 
good n.eetiruj, send a report of it, so that others may rejoice * 
In writing give name of church, County and State, Be brief. Notes of 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited lor this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if neces- 
sary, will issue supplements. 


4. An account of the creation of the moon and 

5. The black obelisk of ShaJmaneser, inscribed 
on four sides with an account of his campaigns, 
Among these appears the name of "Jehu the son 
of Omri," the ceremony of his paying tribute 
being sculptured on the second band from the top. 

There are also numerous letters, contracts, 
poems, prayer-books, etc., etc., in this important 
collection. The work of arranging and translat- 
ing the tablets is being pushed forward, while at 
Niueveh excavations are being made, and we may 
expect important additions to what we already 
have. It seems to us that the hand of the Lord is 
manifest in all these things, and we rejoice that 
such abundant evidence of the truth of the Book 
1b at hand. 

For the benefit of those who are especially in- 
terested in the study of the Bible, and who may 
not have access to the data, we give the names of 
the kings of Assyria, who came in contact with 
the Bible history, and the approximate date of 
their reigns: 

Tiglath Pileser III, about B. C. 745-727 

Shalmaneser IV about B. C. 727-722 

Sargon about B. C. 722-705 

Sennacherib, about B. C. 705-681 

Esar-haddon about B. C. 6S1-668 

In connection with the important collections at 
London, we have found, in the Louvre at Paris, 
where we are at this writing, equally valuable 
specimens from Assyria and Egypt. Indeed the 
Egyptian collection at this place is superior to 
that in the British Museum. Our stay in London 
and at this place has added largely to our fund of 
information, We have been intensely Interested 
in the study of these antiquities as they come in 

From the Ten Mile Church, Washington Co., Pa. 

The Brethren of this congregation held their 
fall love-feast at their upper house, "Pigeon 
Creek," Oct. 3. They had a week's meeting pre- 
vious, with good interest throughout. Eld. J. C. 
Johnson, of Uniontown, Pa., came to our aid on 
Thursday evening, Oct. 8, and stayed with us 
over the feast. Twenty-six members Burronnded 
the Tables of the Lord. Eld. J. 0. Johnson offi- 
ciated. All enjoyed the meeting. We had 
preaching on Sunday at 11 A. M-, by Bro. J. C- 
Johnson; also on Sunday evening to a full houses 

Bro. G. W. Lowry, of Scullton, Pa., commenced! 
some meetings for ns Nov. 10, and continued to- 
labor for us with increased interest till Nov. 21.. 
Bro. Lowry handles the "two-edged sword" withi 
power. Saints were built up and sinners made to- 
tremble. Some were "almost persuaded," bnt,, 
like Felix of old, put off the "one thing needful"' 
for a "more convenient season." See Acts 24: 25.- 
The full amount of good, resulting from such 
preaching, will be revealed only in eternity. 
From here Bro. Lowry held one meeting at the 
Brick church, on Ten Mile, and on Sunday we 
held meetings in the house of brother and sister 
Joseph Grabill, near Beallsville, Pa May God's 
grace help us all to be faithful till death! 

N. B. Chkistner. 

Odell, Pa. 

From the Monticello Church, Ind. 

Bro. W. R. Deeter, of Northern Indiana, came 
to us Nov. 9, and commeuced a series of meetings 
at our church-house on Pike Creek. He preached, 
in all, while among ns, twenty-four sermous. 
The weather was very unpleasant most of the time 
during the meeting. On this account the attend- 
ance was not quite as large as it would otherwise 
have been. As the meetings progressed, quite an 
interest manifested itself, and five dear souls were 
gathered into the fold. Others were deeply 
impressed. Bro. Deeter's manner of preaching 
made good impressions and gave strength to the 
cause here. 

During the series of meetings we held our 
Communion meeting Nov. 13, The attendance, 
wa3 largo and the weather fine, so our feast was an 
enjoyable one. Good order prevailed throughout 
the entire services. Bro. Deeter officiated. Nest 
day (Saturday) the church held an election for a 
minister. Bro. George Dilling, an active young 
brother, was elected. 

pontaot wi$ i]iQ Bible, anr} j£ onv readers receive ' After the election Bro. Deeter preaohed a 





sermon on the subject " How to Read and Study 
God's Word," which was very instructive to all, 
especially to young ministers. He closed his 
sermon by calling the attention of the members to 
the duty they owe to their ministers. This we 
feel, was very appropriate on the present occasion. 
Nov. 29 our meetings closed and Bro. Deeter went 
to other fields. J. A. Weaver. 

A Word to the Solicitors of the Old Folks' Home, 
Mexico, Ind. 

We trust you are all interested in the welfare 
of the Home, and that you will take pains to collect 
our interest promptly, for which favor we will be 
grateful. All solicitors who have not received 
blank receipts, will please address us at once, 
as we want the solicitors to give a receipt to every 
one that pays. 

We do not want our solicitors to slight any 
who are well-wishers of the Home, even if they 
have not given notes. Take as many new notes 
as you can ; we would like to increase our Endow- 

Try to collect your money by the first of the 
year, and send the same to Bro. Levi Miller, 
Treasurer of the Home and he will receipt 
promptly. F. Fisher, 

From the Blue Creek Church, Ohio. 

Nov. 8 I attended the dedicatory services of the 
new house, built by the Blue Creek church, Ohio. 
The rainy morning hindered many from coming, 
but quite a large congregation gathered, and man- 
ifested much interest in the services. At this 
meeting I had the pleasure of meeting Eld. Geo. 
Worst, of Ashland County, Ohio, and Eld. S. 
Neher, of Wells County, Ind. The latter has the 
care of the Blue Creek church. I also met Bro. 
Beigle, of the Pleasant Dale church, Ind. The 
members at Blue Creek have built a very good 
house and deserve much credit for the great effort 
and sacrifice necessary to obtain the house. Their 
Communion was Nov. 10, and was an excellent 
meeting. I remained with thoBe members for ten 
days. Much of the time it rained, so that the 
meeting could not be as well attended as would 
have been the case with more favorable weather 
and roads. Bro. Stump, of the Palestine church, 
Ohio, came Nov. 10, and remained till the close of 
the meeting, and assisted in the preaching. 

This church is located on the eastern boundary 
of the Middle District of Indiana and has passed 
through some severe trials. There are several 
points that I visited on the eastern boundary of 
this State District. They are isolated from the 
main body of the church, and, as they are newly- 
organized churches, they need encouragement. 
Cannot some of our faithful elders and ministers 
of Indiana pay them a visit this winter? I will 
name a few of those churches: Bear Creek, Blue 
Creek, Pleasant Dale. In all these churches you 
will find a hearty welcome and a large field for 
preaching the Gospel to an interested people. We 
left for our home Nov. 17, in order to reach the 
Ministerial Meeting Nov. 20, at Pittsburgh, Ohio. 
It was a glorious fleeting. Silas Gilbert. 

Liglitsville, Ohio. 

On the Way. 

On Sunday evening, Nov. 29, I commenced a 
series of meetings at the Forest Grove church, in 
the Rock Run District, Elkhart Co., Ind. In this 
section of country there are only a few members 
imng, but there are plenty of Ornish, Mennor.ii.-s 
and Lutherans. 

; Oar meetings lasted two weeks, with n growing 
interest, I never held a meeting where all de, 
nomination* attended so regularly, Three madn 

the good confession and were baptized. There 
were four other applicants for baptism, but some 
of them were sick with La Grippe and preferred 
waiting until they got better. Many more ex- 
pressed themselves willing to go with us, but 
were waiting for the consent of their compauions. 
This place has been somewhat neglected, by too 
many disappointments, etc I do not know of any 
other way to break down a meeting faster thou to 
disappoint congregations, and permit a little rain 
to keep the preacher at home. Promptness, on 
the pait of the minister, will make others prompt. 

J. H. Miller. 
Goshen, Ind., Nov. 13. 

From Boon River Church, Iowa. 

It has been a long time since our elder, Wm. 
Ikenberry, has been with us, so that we ap- 
preciated his presence all the more during his late 
visit to us. We felt greatly built up by his 
preaching. Bro. Harvey Eikenberry was alBo 
with us, and preached one week, beginning Nov. 
14. At the cIobo of his meeting, Bro. Harvey was 
met by Bro. O. J. Beaver, from Chickasaw, Iowa. 
These two brethren went from here to Lyons 
County, Iowa, to hold some meetings. On their 
return home, Bro. Beaver stopped off with us, and 
preached a few soul-cheering sermons. These 
two brethren are youug in the ministry, but full 
of zeal and energy for the good cause. Nov. 14 
the members of the Boon River church met in 
council. The meeting passed off very pleasantly. 
Among the business before the meeting was a de- 
sire to learn, whether we could build a meeting- 
house. We decided in favor of building. We 
are now organized, and feel that we have much 
need of a church-house. Bro. George Aschen- 
brenner and Elias Long were chosen as solicitors 
for the church work. Daniel Aschenbrenner. 

Stilson, Iowa, Dec. 13. 

Wayside Notes. 

In my last report I was with the Brethren in 
the Stony Creek church. We had a very pleasant 
meeting. The inclement weather militated some- 
what against our meeting. We closed on the even- 
ing of Dec. 7. Two were baptized, and one re- 
claimed. From this place, on the morning of Dec, 
8, in company with Bro. Dan Smeltzer, and wife, 

1 went to the Arcadia church, to attend the Breth- 
ren's Ministerial Meeting of the Southern District 
of Indiana. It was the first meeting of the kind, 
ever held in the District, and very well attended. 
Everything passed off pleasantly. We had a three 
days' session, and I heard several express them- 
selves as being well pleased, and that these were 
the most profitable three days they had ever 
spent. I hope these meetings may grow in favor, 
and bring about more of a union among us. The 
meetings closed in the afternoon of the 10th, at 

2 P. M. I remained until Dec. 12. Bro R. R. 
Goshorn preached on the evening of the 10th, 
on the "Design of Baptism," which was delivered 
in a very logical way. There were two baptized. 

On the 12th inst, I came to the Middle Fork 
church, Clinton Co., where I am trying to hold 
up the banner of King Immanuel. May the la- 
bors of God's servants be blessed! 

Last evening, after the close of the services, a 
report of a revolver was heard, and the groans of 
a young man soon told the sad tale that some one 
was shot. On examination it was found that a 
young man was shot in the face. How seriously 
he was hurt we are not able to say, as he was tak- 
en away by his friends. The father of the son 
that did the shooting is opposed to Sunday- 
schools, and denounces them in a inOBt radical 
manner. I am of the opinion that a boy, brought 

up in the Sunday-school, will not carry such 

We were forcibly impressed with the Scripture, 
found in the book of Job: "When tho sons of 
God came to present themselves before the Lord 
and Satan came also among them." So, while the 
servants of the Lord ore at work, the adversary is 
lurking around as a roaring lion, seeking whom 
he may devour. May we buckle on the armor of 
our warfare, oud fight more valiantly the battlo of 
the Lord. Brethren, train up your child in the 
way he should go, aud we have the assurance that 
"he will not depart from it." Our children 
should go to churoh and Sunday-school, learn to 
reverence and respect the people of God, and to 
read God's Word. This is the way they Bhould 
go, and wo, as their parents, are to lead them into 
that way. May the Lord help us to do our duty 
towards our children and our God! 

Geo. L. Studebaker. 

Shidelw, Ind., Dee. 14. 

From Cartersville, Va. 

Odr series of meetings, conducted by Bro. Bow- 
ser, closed last night. On account of the illnesB 
of mother and myself, we could not attend. Ho 
expects to leave here Dec. 17, if nothing prevents. 
We are, indeed, very sorry to give him up, for he 
gave good satisfaction here in every respect, and 
awakened a great interest. The prospects seem 
brighter than ever for the cause to prosper. I 
believe the Lord sent him among us. 

I trust the good Lord will send some one to us 
while the fire is kindled, that the flame may not 
die out. 

There are only a few of us in number, and we 
cannot work by ourselves. The Brethren have 
kindly sent me a lot of the missionary number of 
the Gospel Messenger, which I expect to dis- 
tribute, trusting that some good may be done 
through them. Proy for us, ond if any one can 
send us a shepherd, we will be made quite happy. 
Florida E. Etter, 

Deo. 13. 

From Holyoke, Colorado. 

We are somewhat isolated here, in the Far 
West, and your weekly visit to us is looked for 
anxiously, as it is full of good news from far dis- 
tant States, telling of the good meetings the dear 
brethren are having, and what good things the 
Lord is doing for them. Our Commnnion meet- 
ing was held Nov. 14 and 15. The attendance was 
small, as the weather was somewhat stormy. 
There were only seven, — three brethren and four 
sisters, — around the table of the Lord, but we had 
a soul-refreshing little meeting. Our dear young 
brother, A. C. Snowberger, officiated at our meet- 
ing and many were the words of comfort and en- 
couragement he gave us. How sorry we feel that 
he cannot be with us oftener, but his field of labor 
now is in Southern Colorado, as he has moved to 
the San Luis Valley, near Monte Vista. Our eld- 
er, John S. Snowberger, is called away quite oft- 
en, to help in other parts of this great West, to 
preach to the scattered sheep. I do not think 
there is an elder, west of the Missouri River, that 
has mode more of a sacrifice for the cause or that 
has worked as hard and exposed himself so much 
in all kinds of weather. D. A. Fickel. 

From Covina, CaL 

The writer of this has now spent several days 
in the land of sunshine and oronges. But these 
aro not all the good things to be found here. 
There aro plenty of lemons, too, so that if you 
wish to enjoy a glass of lemonade and do not get 
it, you cRn blame yourself for it. Well, this is not 



Jan. 5, 1892. 

all yet There are strawberries as well as many I tee) bad do right to accept cbargeB that were not 
other good things for the physical man. But | firat presented to those against whom they were 
here is the good wine.-there are a number of brought and they given ample time to prepare 
faithful, earnest brethren and sisters, workiDg 
faithfully to maintain the good old Gospel 

principles, as ever held sacred by the people of 
God, and I am happy to note that they are not 
holding to the form of doctrine as found in the 
New Testament, neither to the simple style of 
plainness of exterior, as advised by the General 
Brotherhood, as mere forms, but holding each to 
be a medium through which to represent a grand 
principle. This being the true and correct view 
of these things, we must feel good in the use of 
them,— hence the writer feels at home in this 
land, as much so as elsewhere among those of like 

On our journey to this place, our train was 
several hours late, owiug to a sand-storm on the 
plains of New Mexico and Arizona. We arrived 
at Lordsburg on Saturday night, Dec. 5, and were 
immediately conveyed, or rather piloted, by Bro. 
Darius Overholtzer to Bro. T. J. Nair's, where a 
good bed was in readiness to give comfort to the 
weary traveller. Next moruing, at 10 A. M., the 
writer was called upon to preach in the Chapel of 
the Lordsburg College. The Chapel was well 
supplied with very appreciative listeners, a much 
larger number of brethren and sisters than I had 
expected to see. At 3 P. M., I, in company with 
sister Vinnie Stoner, set out for Covina, — a 
distance of about seven miles. We met that 
evening with the congreLation near Covina, in the 
Brethren's meeting-house, where we tried again 
to tell the good old story of Jesu6, and what he 
has done for us. Agaiu we had a good audience 
and more members than I was looking for. Thus 
we had two meetings during the first day in this 
goodly laud, and one meeting every day since, — so 
you will see that, if we came here to rest, we 
struck the wroug place. But we did not come to 
this country, expecting to cease work for the 
Lord, but we came here, hoping to find a place 
where we could labor iu winter, without being ex- 
posed to the cold climate, as in the Eastern States. 
Up to date, we feel well satisfied with the outlook. 
Everything was done for our comfort on the way 
out here, that we could reasonably expect. Bro. 
Eshelman was ever ready to give any information, 
or render any Bervice iu his power, and on such a 
jouruey as that, it is a great satisfaction to have 
the assistance of one who is familiar with the 
road and objects of iuterest along the way. We 
expect to give fuller particulars of the church, 
school and country, after we are here longer. 
Many are the things of interest to an Eastern 
man. Address me at Lordsburg, Cal., in care of 
Pro! 8. S. Garst. A. Hutchison. 

Dec. 10. 

A Voice of Warning. 

Some time ago several copies of an anonymous 
letter, which is being circulated over the Broth' 
hood, were sent to us, containing what purports to 
be a report of the committee sent by Annual Meet- 
ing of 1891 to the Cook's Creek and Beaver Creek 
churches in the Second District of Virginia, with 
" Notes aud Comments" on the same. 

While the Itepnrt, as thus published, is nearly 
correct, the " Notes and Comments " are far from 
being ao and will mislead any one giving credence 
to them. It is very evident to all who were in at- 
tendance at the hearing and not involved in the 
trouble, that, were the facts fully and correctly set 
forth in said open letter, there would be no cause 
for the author to withhold Mb 

Further, we 
members are bi 

their defense, to which we reply that the charges 
were all brought and handed to the committee, 
and we were told that not one knew what would 
be charged against them, until they were read in 
open council aDd all accepted but one, and he op- 
enly claimed time to prepare his defense, which 
the committee decided to give him. After their 
decision was announced, he moved to submit the 
case, as it then stood, to the committee, without 
further discussion, which was acceded to, though 
reluctantly, by the prosecutors. 

Again, it is claimed, aud with some show of con- 
sistency, too, that the committee had no right to 
hear, and dispose of, charges against brethren, 
outside of their home churches, in reply to which 
we will call attention to the fact that the petition 
from the Second District of Virginia, praying for 
a Committee, did not state what the nature of the 
trouble was or who was to be tried, but asked for 
the right for the committee to call brethren from 
other churches and State Districts before them, if 
they are involved in the trouble, existing in the 
churches they are to viBit; and, besides this, the 
Annual Meeting of 1874, Art. 15 (Revised Min- 
utes, page 47 ) also decided that committees should 
ch power. 

as to the "voice of warning" we would 
say that members should not suffer themselves to 
be misled by an anonymous letter, from the fact 
that truth will bpar investigation and we should 
pass judgment on one-sided testimony, and 
any person, giving nothing but plain and full facts, 
need not hide behind an anonymous letter. 

And, further, the report of the committee was 
approved of by every elder present and there wer 
quite a number of them and by a vote of over tw 
h undred and sixty to nine, by the two churches, 
without an open protest being raised by any one 
in the congregation. 

The interest taken in our work of investigat 
may appear evident from the fact that, during pi 
at least, of the hearing, there were preseut, besides 
the committee, twenty ordained elders, and all the 
time of the council, which lasted through eight 
sessions, aggregating about thirty hours, and that, 
too, in the busy time of the year, the attendance 
was from 250 to over 300 members, who beard aDd 
saw all that was said and done, and then approv- 
ing of our report, as was the case, without any 
threat, or undue influence, all this should have its 
due weight with thoughtful persons against the 
assaults of those who seek to gain public opinion 
in their favor, by publishing the real or imagined 
faultB of others in anonymous letters. 

We do not intend to reply to the points of an 
anonymous letter more than to advise caution on 
the part of members, and would not have given 
this explanation but for fear of some taking our 
sileuce for proof of guilt, charged against us in 
said circular. S. 11 2.CO, ') 

E. W. Stomh, [ Com 

Deweyville, Ohio. — Those who desire to write to 
me in regard to holding series of meetings, should! 
address me at Hagerstown, Wayne Co., Ind., aft- 
er Jan. 1, 1892, until further notice is given. — Jo- 
seph Holder, Dec. 19. 

Arcadia Chnrch, Ind.— We have been enjoying 
some good evening meetingB during the time of 
our ministerial meeting. Two precious souls were 
made willing to follow Christ in baptism. We 
trust they will hold out faithful until death. — Eli. 
<is Smclizer. 

Wm. Howe, 
I. D. Paiiker, J 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Huntington, Ind.— We met in council-meeting, 
Deo. 5. Our little band is in peace and union. 
The business of the meeting passed off pleasantly 
aud harmoniously. The church decided to hold 
meetings iu the City of HuntiDgtoo once or twice 
a month, and also expects to hold a series of meet- 
re informed that the minds of I iugs at our meeting-house, north of Huntington, 
g prejudiced against the work of beginning about Feb. 1. Bro. W. Quinter Calvert 
the committee by the plea that they (the commit- I js to do the preaching, — H, Shod;, Dec. 8. 

Blodena, Ho. — Bro. Lewis M. Xob came to the 
Sandy Creek church, Mo., Dec. 8, to hold a series 
of meetings. We had meeting at night. He 
preached in all seven sermons. Good interest 
was manifested, and there was one addition. — 
Wm. Whitestine, Dec. 20. 

Conway Springs, Kans. — We are in the midst of a 
glorious Beries of meetings. Three have been 
baptized, and there are two more applicants. The 
interest is very encouraging. There have been 
six added by baptism during the last Bix weeks. 
Praise the Lord! — John Wise. 

Fanora, Iowa. — Bro. Jos. L. Myers, of Tale, just 
closed a ten days' Beries of meetings four miles 
north-west of Tale, with two applicants for bap- 
tism, and others almost persuaded. Considerable 
interest was manifested at this place, the result of 
"patient continuance" by Bro. Myers. — J. D. 
Haughielin, Dec. 20. 

Diddle District, Ohio. — Bro. Daniel Garver, of 
Farmer8ville, Ohio, was called to hold a series of 
meetings for us Dec. 12. He held one week's 
meetings, and, though there was sicknesB all 
around ub, the meetings were fairly attended. 
The last meeting was held on Sunday evening, 
Dec. 20. — Dora Karns. 

Williamsburg!, Pa.— The Brethren in the Fair- 
view church held a series of meetings, commenc- 
ing Dec. 5, and closing Dec. 13. Bro. J. B. Brum- 
baugh, from Huntingdon, Pa., did the preaching. 
There were no accessions to the church, but sin- 
ners were warned of the danger to come, and, m 
doubt, felt the need of the Lord.— J. B. Snom- 
berger, Dec. 20. 

Union, Olio. — Our meetings at Georgetown, 
ducted by Eld. Henry Frantz, of New Carlisle, 
Ohio, closed last night. We had a very interest, 
ing meeting. Four young sisters were induced to 
leave the ranks of Satan, and join in with th» 
people of God. We trust that others are " almost 
persuaded." Bro. Frantz is to commence meetings 
at our central house Jan. 7. May the Lord 
with him!— Jesse K. Brumbaugh, Dec. 21. 

South West, Ind.— On the evening of Nov. 19, 
Bro. I. J. Bosenberger, of Covington, Ohio, com' 
menced a Beries of meetings in the Tellow Creek 
church, Elkhart Co., which continued until Dec 
Five precious souls were made willing to walk it 
newness of life. Others, we think, are near the 
kingdom. Bro. Bosenberger preached thirty-otf 
soul-refreBhing sermons during his stay with 
Saints were revived, and encouraged on their waj 
from earth to glory, and sinnets were warned t« 
flea the wrath to come.— Sarah Gauger. 

North Springfield, Ohio.— Bro. Eph. Toder, fro» 
Nebraska, came to us to hold a aeries of meetings 
commencing Dec. 10, and closing on the evening 
of Dec. 20. Our dear old brother sBid, when '" 
came among U6: "I care not to know anything 
but Christ and him crucified." We can truthful- 
ly say that such was the case. Though a m»» 
past three score years and ten, he presented * 
Word with power and simplicity. As an im 
ate result, five precious souls were made wilh"! 
to unite with the people of God— Wm. Bixler 



3EN< '.KIv 

Campbell. Hich. — The District Meeting, of the 
State District of Michigan, will be held with the 
brethren and sisters of the Black River church, 
Van Buren Co., Mich., on Saturday, Feb. 20, 1S92, 
at 10 A. M. sharp. Those coming from the north 
aod east will come to Grand RapidB, and from 
there take the Chicago and West Michigan R. E. 
to Bangor, where they will be met the day before 
meeting. A full delegation is desired. — S. M. 
Smith, Clerk, Dec. 2. 

North Beatrice, Hebr.— On the evening of Nov. 30, 
Bro. J. E. Toung, of Beatrice, came to us and be- 
gan a aeries of meetings, preaching each evening 
and also each Sunday, closing on the evening of 
Dec. 20. Bro. young labored zealously and 
faithfully. As a result one young man came out 
on the Lord's side. Bro. Toung has promised to 
hold another series of meetings in the near future. 
"The North Beatrice church is very much in need 
,of ministerial aid.— J. E. Bryant, Dec. 23. 

Brainertl, Kans. — We are few in number, but are 
■still striving, by the grace of God, to work for the 
Master. When Bro. Studebaker came down to 
Butler County to fill his appointments, we felt 
sad that his health is so bad that he could not 
preach for us. This waB a disappointment to all. 
We trust his health will improve sufficiently, so 
that he can fill his next appointment. Bro. Chas. 
M. Yearout was with us recently and preached elev- 
en sermons for us. — Laura Thomas, Dec. 22. 

Canton, Ohio. — I am on my way from the Mahon- 
ing church, near the town of Columbiana, Ohio, 
where I have just closed a pleasant series of 
meetings with six accessions and one applicant. 
I expect to commence meetings this evening at 
the Eden church-house, in the Tuscarawas con- 
gregation, six miles from Canton. The Gospel 
Messenger, with its encouraging words and glad 
news from the churches, is very helpful to ue. 
May God continue to bleBS it in saving soulsl — I. 
D. Parker, Dec. 21. 

Beaver Creek, Bid. — Dec. 15 we closed our series of 
meetings, held in the Long Meadow meeting- 
house. Our elder, D. F. Stouffer, commenced the 
meetings Nov. 28. He preached several sermons 
and was then called to other fields of labor. Bro. 
Wilbur Stover, of Edgemout, Md , continued the 
meetings in a very creditable manner, and as an 
immediate result ten dear souls were received into 
church-fellowship. The members were strength- 
ened, and impressions made on many which, we 
hope, will induce them to make the good choice. — 
— John Rowland. 

Bremen, Ind. — Bro. Daniel Snell, of Sidney, 
Ind., came to the Yellow Biver church, Ind-, 
Nov. 28, and commenced a series of meetings, 
which he continued until Dec. 16, preaching in all 
twenty-nine very interesting and impressive ser- 
mons. Bro. Snell faithfully discharged his du- 
ty in holding forth the Word of Life in its pu- 
rity. We also feel confident that there were last- 
ing impressions made on the minds of the people. 
As an immediate result of the meetings, one dear 
young brother was added to our number by bap- 
tism.— Belle Hoffhein. 

Predonla, Kans.— The Fredonia Brethren's Sun- 
day-school and church was closed Nov. 29, on ac- 
count of the scarlet fever, raging in town and vi- 
cinity. The disease was spreading rapidly when 
the Board of Health closed all schools, Sunday- 
schools, churches, and all gatherings for worship 
or amusement. We were made to rejoice on Dec. 
16, when one precious soul made her wants known 
and was baptized, we trust, to walk in newness of 
hfe. May the Lord help us all to walk in that 
straight and narrow path that leads to life eternal. 
Ida Thompson, Deo, 17. 

Line, Pa.— Dec. 12 the members of the 
Manor congregation, Pa., met in the Crooked 
Creek nieefiug-house in church council. One sis- 
ter was received by letter. As there was but little 
business before the meeting, most of the time was 
occupied by the members in frieudly talks on 
things of church interest. After this we agreed 
to take up a subscription to help some of the poor, 
and, as a result, $4.95 was raised for the Home 
Mission; So" for the Rockton poor fund; $6.15 for 
the poor in Denmark, and $145 for the General 
Mission Work. — Lizzie Fyock, Cor. Sec. 

Dayton, Ohio.— Bro. J. Bennett Trout, of New 
Carlisle, Ohio, began a series of meetings in the 
Bear Creek church, Montgomery Co., Ohio, Dec. 
5, continuing until Dec. 16. He preached, in all, 
eighteen sermons. Owing to an attack of La 
Grippe, he had to cloBe the meetings sooner than 
was anticipated, for which we all felt sorry. Bro. 
Trout is not afraid to preach the Whole Truth, 
and did so in such a way that both saint and sin- 
ner were edified and set to thinking. While 
there were no immediate accessions, yet there 
were good impressions made. We hope he will 
soon be able to resume his work. — Josinh Eby. 

Hew Hope Church, Bans.— We are still trying to 
preBS forward and labor for the upbuilding of 
Christ's kingdom here on earth. Bro. Henry 
Shideler came to us Dec. 5, and preached two 
very acceptable sermons. Dec. 6 Bro. J. H. 
Neher came aud preached two Eermons which 
were very edifying. He was working in behalf of 
the Old Folks' Home. Dec. 8 Bro. Samuel Edge- 
comb came and labored until Sunday evening, 
Dec. 20. Bro. Edgecomb did us much good while 
with us, in telling the members of the duties, de- 
volving upon them, as well as presenting to the 
sinner the way of life. Although there were no 
additions to the church, yet we feel that some «re 
considering the matter of salvation. — .4. B Lich- 

Voganville, Pa.— We have just closed a £eries of 
meetings at the Blue Ball meeting-house in the 
Couestoga church, Lancaster Co., Pa. This was 
the third series of meetings for this fall. Dec. 5 
brethren John aud Samuel Utz, of Union Bridge 
and New Market, Md., came to ua and jointly la- 
bored one week, when Bro. John left for Lexing- 
ton, in the West Coneatoga congregation. Bro. 
Samuel remained until Dec. 19. These brethren 
labored very earnestly aud acceptably, and while 
there were no additions, yet we have reason to be- 
lieve that some seed has fallen upon good ground, 
and in God's owu time, it may spring up and 
bring forth fruit. The church has been encour- 
aged and inspired with new zeal, to labor more 
earnestly in the cause of Christ. May the Lord 
reward them for their labors!—/. W. Taylor, 
Dec. 21. 

Friedcns, Pa. — Bro. Geo. S. Rairigh, of Johns- 
town, Pa , commenced a series of meetings in the 
Sipesville church (Quemahoniug congregation), 
Somerset Co., Pa., on Thursday evening, Dec. 10, 
and continued until Sunday evening, Dec. 20, 
preaching in all, thirteen 6ermous. Though there 
were none added to the church, we felt that the 
spirit of the Lord was present. May our light 
burn brighter in the days to come, and may we 
show greater activity in our spiritual life! Bro. 
Rairigh is a faithful and earnest worker, and our 
prayer is that the Lord may grant him health and 
strength, so that he may yet do much good serv- 
ice for the Master. Bro. Rairigh a'so preached 
the funeral sermon (assisted by Bro. R. Hull) for 
sister Maggie Maust, at the above-named church, 
on Saturday, Dec. 12. She passed into rest at 
the early age of twenty-two years, but death had 
no terrors for her.— J. D. Baer, Deo. 21, 1891. 

I manor Church, Bid.- On the evening of Dec. 5, ac- 
cording to appointment, Bro. Silas Hoover, of 
Somerset County, Pa , came to us and began a 
series of meetings. The meetings at first were 
small, but. the roads being nice and the weather 
fine, caused people to turn out. Then followed 
good preaching, which caused saint and sinner to 
awaken to a full sense of the duty they owe to 
God. The interest grew as the meetings con- 
tinued. Brethren and sisters were made stronger 
in the Lord. Seventeen dear souls were made to 
feel the "love of God" in their day of grace, and 
joinerl in with God's children to walk in newness 
of life. Many more are counting the cost. The 
meetings closed Dec, 16. May many more such 
good meetings be enjoyed throughout the Broth- 
erhood!— Samuel H. Ncikirk. 

Bnrr 0al{, Kans.— The quarterly council in the 
Burr Oak church was held Nov. 28. All the bus- 
iness was transacted in love aud union. Our eld- 
er, John Holliuger, and also Eld. C. S. Holsinger 
were with us. The church is in love and union. 
Eld. C. S. Holsinger commenced a series of meet- 
ings on the evening of Nov. 28. He preached at 
the church for two weeks, and then moved the 
meetings eight miles north- east to a school-house. 
Good interest and good order were manifested dur- 
ing our meetings. Bro. Holsinger preached 
twenty-three discourses in all. Ho gave us rich 
food for the soul. At the close of our meetings 
three precious souls were received by baptism. 
May they be bright and shining lights in this 
world! It would be well if our brother could be 
kept at work in the western field; he could do 
much good. May the Lord ever go with him, on 
his journey from place to place ! — Emma Ifacken- 

Rome, Ohio. — Thanksgiving services were held in 
the Oak Grove church at 10: 30 iu the forenoon. 
We had short, but very interesting, addresses by 
all the ministers present. In the evening Bro. 
Weidman conducted Thanksgiving services in the 
Pleasant Grove church. At the close of these 
meetings contributions were received for the Gen- 
eral Mission Work. Oar series of meetings began 
at the Pleasant Grove church, Dec. 5. Bro. J. 
M. Mohler, of Pennsylvania, is with us, to present 
the Gospel plan of salvation to all who will come 
to hear him. If the Lord wills, we expect to con- 
tinue our meetings at this point a week or ten 
days. Then we will commence meetings at the 
Oak Grove church, and continue as long as Bro. 
Mohler can remain with us. We ask an interest 
in the prayers of the faithful, for the success of 
these meetings. Our invitation is Rev. 22: 17. 
Bro. Dickey is with the Brethren in the Logan 
church at this writing.— M. A. Dickey, Alvatla. 
Ohio, Dec. 7. 

Hit c hell, Kans.— There is great rejoicing in the 
Kansas Centre church, Kansas. Dec. 10 Bro. 
Isaac H. Crist and wife, of Gardner, KansaB, came 
among us and preached at a school-house, three 
miles north-east of Mitchell, wielding the Sword 
of the Spirit skillfully. He preached in all four- 
teen sermons, and as a result six were received by 
baptism, and one was reclaimed. One young man 
said, when his wife made application, that, in be- 
ing baptized, she would risk her life, as it was 
dangerous to baptize in the winter time. But 
two days afterwards, like Saul of Tarsus, he was 
stricken down and wanted to be received into fel- 
lowship the next day. He is now rejoicing in 
hope of eternal life. The interest of the meeting 
increased from the beginning to the close. The 
doctrine of the Brethren church was ably defend- 
ed and the church built up. We hope all will be 
inspired with greater diligence to serve the Mas- 
ter and at last receive the crown, — Isaac S. Bru- 
baker, Dec. 21. 


Jan. 5, 1892. 

Wade, Kans.— Tho Wade's Branch 
church expects to dedicate their meet- 
ing-house on the second Sunday in 
January, 1892, at 11 A. M. Breth- 
ren of adjoining churches are invited 
to be with ub.— Geo. Myers, 

Black River, Van Bureo Co., mien. - 
Nov. 28 Bro. Thurston Miller came 
to us and held a series of meetings, 
lasting two weeks. Good attention 
was paid to tho Word preached. Bro. 
Miller preached nineteen sermons, 
including one funeral. —A. B. Wal- 

Great Bend, Kans. — 1 am now living 
in this place. The Brethren have 
preaching here twice a mouth. Any 
brother, passing over the A. T. and 
S. F. It. R., who can stop and preach 
for us, will be met at the depot by 
notifying A. H. Kintner or the writ- 
er. There are fair prospects for do- 
ing good here. Brethren, give us a 
call as you are passing this way. — S. 
P. Weaver, Dec. 16. 

Timbervllle, Va.— My father, J. F. 
Driver, commenced a series of meet- 
ings at Newport, Page Co., Vs., Nov. 
1, 1891, and continued until Nov. 8. 
He had an interesting as well as a 
buccessful meeting. There were five 
baptized, one reclaimed and two more 
applications. May God's blessing 
be with them all, and show them the 
way that will lead them to eternal 
happiness.— Ida C. Driver. 

High Point, Iowa.— The Brethren of 
the Franklin church, Decatur Co., 
Iowa, have just enjoyed a series of 
excellent meetings by Bro. Abraham 
Wolf, of Libertyville. He came to 
us last Tuesday, Dec. 8, and preached 
in all six aermons. We had one ad- 
dition by confession and baptism. 
Any ministering brethren who may 
wish to favor us with meetings, will 
be made to feel at home. — Wm. J. 

Kearney, ffld.— According to previous 
arrangements, Bro. Z. Annon, of 
Thornton, W. Ya., came to our place 
of worship on the evening of Dec. 5, 
for tho purpose of holding a series 
of meetings, and he remained with us 
until Dec. 14, preaching, in all, elev- 
en sermons. While there were no 
additions to the church, we have rea- 
sons to believe good impressions 
were made, and some were almost 
persuaded to become Christians, but, 
like Agrippa of old, put it off for a 
more convenient season. — I. 0. 

Talent, Oregon.— According to pre- 
vious arrangements I arrived here as 
nn evangelist, Dec. 12. I held one 
meeting yesterday and expect to re- 
main through the winter, or perhaps 
longer, aud labor for the cause of our 
Divine Master. My address will be 
Talent, Jackson Co., Ore., until fur- 
ther notice. I greatly desire the 
prayers of our great Brotherhood 
that the work assigned me here may 
be successful. The weather here is 
very pleasant Health is generally 
good, and roads good for this season 
of the year.— David Brotver, Dec. 14. 

Bridgewater, Va.— Oar meetings be- 
gan Nov. 22 and closed Dec. 6, at 
Powder Springp, Shenandoah Co , 
Va. There were eighteen sermons 
preached and one dear soul baptized, 
— an old man, nearly eighty years old. 
Dec. 5 we held a little church coun- 
cil, which was enjoyed very much by 
the few members present. An elec- 
tion for deacon was held and Bro. 
Charles Nesslerote elected to that of- 
fice. On the evenings of Dec. 7 and 
8 we preached in Mt. Jackson to an 
interested audience.— & N. McCann. 

HocKton, Pa.— The Brethren of the 
Glen Hope church made arrange- 
ments to hold their Communion meet- 
ing Nov. 27. The weather being 
pleasant, the house was well filled. 
Of all the feastB that I have ever at- 
tended, I think for order aud atten- 
tion this was the beBt. Quite a num- 
ber of brethren and sisters com- 
muned at this feast for the first time. 
We had expected to meet with the 
Brethren at the Clover Creek minis- 
terial meeting, but the above meeting 
seemed to come in the way, tence 
the brethren will understand why 
we were unable to attend. — J. H. 

Lordsbnrg, Cal.— Thanksgiving Day 
was appropriately observed by the 
Brethren and others here. Eld. 
Isaac Gibble gave us a good talk in 
the forenoon ; we also had a children's 
meeting. Brethren Masterson and 
Metzger talked to them. A collec- 
tion was taken up for the children's 
mission and forwarded to sister Gib- 
son. Services were also held at 
night, when we had a good sermon 
by Bro. Solomon Lehmer, of Los 
Angeles. Quite a number of mem- 
bers have arrived here recently. Our 
feast is to be Christmas Day and a 
ministers' meeting the day following. 
Our District Meeting will be held 
Feb. 14.— J. S. Ifhry. 

Montrose, Ho.— Dec. 6 Bro. G. W. 
Lentz, of Adrian, Bates Co., Mo., be- 
gan a series of meetings in the Deep 
Water church, Henry Co, Mo., and 
continued till the 13th, preaching 
ten sermons in all. The attention 
was excellent and the attendance 
large. The last meeting was the 
largest. Bro. Lentz is a young man, 
but an able expounder of the Script- 
ures. Just before the close of his 
discourse a telegram was handed him 
that his child was very sick, and that 
ho should come home at once. Our 
joy was turned to sorrow, and we 
were sadly disappointed, as we ex- 
pected to continue the meetings a 
week longer. The home ministers 
filled the Sunday evening appoint- 
ment and thus ended our meetings. 
As an immediate result eight precious 
young souls wore baptized,— four of 
one family. The church waB very 
much strengthened and built up, and 
six were added by letter. We hope 
our dear brother can come to us 
again in the near fnture, and that 
his darling babe may be spared, if it 
be the Lord's will,— Lizzie Fahnes- 

Ephratan, Pa. -Bro. J. B. Light, from 
Seneca County, Ohio, came to us 
Nov. 12, on the day of our love-feast 
at the Mohler meeting-houBe. We 
had a very good love-feast, the best 
of order, and good preaching by the 
many ministers present. Bro. Light 
Btarted a Eeries of meetings in the 
Ephratah house on Saturday evening, 
Nov. 14, and preached, in succession, 
for Bixteen evenings. "While here he 
also preached three funeral sermons. 
He preached with power bnt so far 
we have not seen any fruit of the 
seed sown.— J". R. Royer. 

South Bend, Ind — The members of 
the St. Joseph Valley church held 
their love-feast Oct. 20. It was a 
meeting long to be remembered. 
There are about forty members liv- 
ing here without a minister, but as 
our brethren and sisters from numer- 
ous other churches were with us, we 
had the privilege of seeing about 
ninety members surround the Lord's 
table in the evening. Ten ministers 
were present, five of them elders. 
Bro. Daniel Whitmer has charge of 
our church, and we believe that the 
Lord has been pleased to bless his 
labor at this place.— Cannon Smith. 

Garden Grove, Iowa.— I left my home 
Dec. 7 and commenced meetings in 
the Sandy Creek congregation near 
Modena, Mo., on the evening of Dec. 
8. We had enjoyable meetings but 
the roads were very muddy, yet we 
had good congregations and good at- 
tention was given to the Word 
preached. The few members there 
have had no meetings for over eight- 
een months, hence were very glad to 
have us come. We closed on the ev- 
ening of Dec. 13, after enjoying sev- 
en meetings in all. One dear soul 
gave us her hand, to walk the narrow 
way. Baptism will be attended to in 
the future. This little work waB done 
for the North Missouri Mission. 
They would be glad to have faithful 
ministering brethren stop and preach 
for them. AddresB: Wm. Whitestine, 
Modena, Mercer Co., Mo. — Lewis 
M. Kob. 


HIPES— EIKENBERRY.— At the home of 
the bride's parents, Dec. 3, 1891, by Frank- 
lin Myers of Mt. Carroll, III., friend Will- 
iam F. Hipes and sister Minerva Eikenber- 
ry, both of Greene, Butler County, Iowa. 

home of the bride's parents, Dec. 6, 1891, 
by Rev. J. R. Cooper, Mr. Howard L, 
Halfhill and sis'er Ora Blickenstaff, all of 
Rosalia, Kans. Joseph Blickenstaff. 

BECKNER— STEWART.-At the home of 
the bride's parents, near Moscow, Idaho, 
Dec. 6, 1891, by Eld. Sidney Hodgden, Bro. 
Jacob J. Beckner, son of Martin Beckner, 
of Kansas, and sister Cyrenla Stewart. 

J. U. G. Stiverson. 

RHODES— GARBER.— At the residence of 
the bride's parents near Flat Rock church, 
Shenandoah Co., Va, Dec. 10, 1891, Mr. 
Sydney A. Rhodes, of Ray County, Mo., 
and Miss Anna A. Garber, daughter of 
Abraham and Anna Garber. 

John F. Driver. 

PEDD1CORD-WOLF.— Dec. 14, 1S91, by 
the undersigned, Mr. Win. L. Peddlcord, of 
Frederick County, Md., and Miss Mary L. 
Wolf, of Franklin County, Pa. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 


River congregation, Minn., Nov. 17, 1891, 

by Eld. Jos. Ogg, Bro. George Fishbaugher 

and Mrs. Lucinda Reed, of Granger, Minn. 

Ella M. Ogg. 

the undersigned, Mr. Christian P.Thomp- 
son and Miss Catharine Claussen, both of 
Gage County, Nebraska. J. E. Young. 

LINN— BOWMAN.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, near Muenster, Tex., Nov. 
26, 1891, by A. W. Austin, Mr. E. H. Linn 
and sister Susie Bowman. 


e dead which die in the Lord.' 

McGUIRE.— At the Aged Persons' Home, 
In the Middle District of Indiana, Dec. 7, 
1S91, Eliza McGuire, aged 67 years, 10 
months and 29 days. 
Two brothers, one sister and three grand- 
children survive her. She joined the church 
of the Brethren in the Buck Creek congrega- 
tion in 1875, and was admitted to the Aged 
Persons' Home in 1887. She lived an exem- 
plary Christian life and was a zealous, silent 
worker In the cause of her Master. In hon- 
esty of purpose, integrity of heart and sincer- 
ity of Christian faith she had no superiors. 
She had a cancer, which made her suffering 
great, but for Christ's sake she stood the storm 
of her afflictions faithfully, until death, and 
was longing to go home to her Savior. 

Funeral services by Bro. D. R. Richards, 
of Alfonte, Ind., assisted by the Brethren. 
Text (selected by the deceased), Job 19: 25. 

Geo. L. Jennings. 
SHUTT.— In the Sugar Creek church, Ohio, 
Nov. 19, 1891, sister Mary Shutt, wife of 
Henry Shutt, aged 66 years, 9 months and 
25 days. 
Sister Shutt united with the Brethren 
church in 1879, and lived a consistent member 
of the church until her death. She leaves a 
husband and four children to mourn her de- 
parture. Sister Shutt, while here, had the 
pleasure of seeing three of her children enter 
the church, two of whom are ministers of the 
Gospel, namely, Michael and Noah Shutt. 
We hope the one that has postponed the im- 
portant matter will decide before It is too late. 
Funeral occasion improved by the writer to a 
large concourse of friends and relatives. 

Reuben Shroyer. 
GARBER.-In the Middle River church, 
Augusta Co., Va , Dec. 6, 1891, sister Lau- 
ra A. Garber, aged 24 years, 10 months 
and 27 days. 

Deceased had been a member of the 
Brethren church for about two years. She 
leaves a husband and two infant children. 
Funeral services and interment at the Barren 
Ridge church, conducted by Bro. D. C. Flory, 
from Philpp. 1: 21. W. H. Riddle. 

EAGLE.— In the Silver Creek church, Will- 
iams Co., Ohio, Dec. 5, 1891, Harvey, son 
of Bro. John and sister Susie Eagle, aged 
20 years, 2 months and 4 days. 
The subject of our notice was a bright 
young man of good, ordinary ability. The 
high esteem in which he was held was shown 
by the large concourse of friends and neigh- 
bors who attended his funeral. Funeral serv- 
ices were conducted by Bro. W. L. Desen- 
berg and B. F. Sholty from Job 14: 14. 

J. W. Keiser. 
NISWANDER.-Inthe bounds of the En- 
glish River congregation, near Kinross, 
Iowa, Dec. 8, 1S91, of diphtheria, Jennie 
Niswander, daughter of Henry and Lizzie 
Niswander, aged about 17 years. 

Her remains were interred in the ceme- 
tery at the Brethren's church Dec. 9. Fu- 
neral postponed until some future time. 

Peter Brower. 

The gospel messenger. 

PIPER. — In the 'Hopewell church, Pa., Nov. 
aS iSo'i Mrs. 'Laurn Piper, wife of friend 
Samuel Piper, aged ^-i years, 5 months and 

Deceased left homc-x few weeks prior to 
her death for the benefit-«f her health. She 
still continued to grow worse until the time 
ibove stated, when she breathed her last, far 
from home. Her body was brought back and 
buried In the home graveyard. Funeral serv- 
ices conducted by Rev. Schyler, of the Pres- 
byterian church. 

LEONARD.— At the same place, Dec. 2, 
1S91, Wm. Leonard, son of John and Mar- 
garet Leonard, aged about 22 years. 

Deceased leaves a father, mother, four 
brothers and three sisters to mourn their loss. 
Though he made no profession, he has one 
sister who Is the wife of a minister in the 
Brethren church. 

CORNELIUS.— At the same place, Dec. x, 

1891, Mai tin Cornelius, aged about 60 years. 

The subject of this notice had taken too 

much morphine, and never wakened. He 

died about eighteen hours after taking the 

poison. Daniel R itch by. 

JULIUS.— In the Kaskaskia church, Fayette 

Co., III., Nov. », 1891, of typhus malaria 

fever, Bro. James Julius, aged 44 years, 7 

months and 15 days. 

Bro. Julius was born In Virginia. With 

1 his parents he moved to Indiana in early life 

and later on to Illinois. He united with the 

Brethren in 1886 and was a zealous brother 

and kind neighbor. He leaves a wife and 

, three children to mourn their loss. Services 

, by the writer from 2 Cor. 5: 1. 

Granville Nbvingrr. 
I SIMPKINS.— At the same place, Nov. 28, 
1891, sister Elvira Simpkins, aged 81 years 
and 1 month. 

Sister Simpkins passed about seventy 

■ years of her life In Ohio, where she raised a 
Jainily. The last ten years she spent at the 
kind home of her son, — Bro. James Simpkins, 

■ who,, with his excellent wife, rendered the old 
i sisterHu last days very pleasant. Services by 
tithe writer from Rev. 14: 13. 

Granville Nevinger. 
IMv C L BBfGiiE.— In the Lancaster congrega- 
tion, ilnd., »E£ro. John McClerge, aged 69 
y*iiars, -8. months and 7 days. 
(flu 1 the morning of Dec. 5 he came very 
inaexpewiedly ito his death. He went Into a 
pea whayf ithcve w,as a vicious hog, which at- 
tacked him jnrid, caused ,h{s death in less than 
five minutes, AViv-artery y/.a* severed which 
caused stoppage .of , tbe .heart. He was a 
faithful brother. A large, coneguise of peo- 
tple was in attendance at , the funeral services, 
which were conducted by,|the writer from 
tthese words, " There ,is but ,a, step between 
fine and death." Dorsey Hododbn. 

BOWERS.— At Marlinsburg, Blair Co., Pa., 
Nov. 27, 1891, Mrs. Nancy Bowers, wife of 
John Bowers, deceased, aged 71 years, 6 
months and 5 days. 
Deceased retired In her usual health. By 
4 o'clock in the morning she was paralyzed, 
not being able to utter one word. She lived 
for four days in this condition. She was a 
faithful member of the River Brethren church 
for about fifty-two years. She leaves seven 
children, foursonB and three daughters. One 
daughter preceded her in death. 

Mrs. J. Klepser. 
TABER.— In the Black River church, Mich., 
Dec. 8, 1891, sister Isabel Taber, aged 56 
years, 8 months and 23 days. 

Her maiden-name was Porter. In 1856 
she was married to David Taber. She was a 
widow thirty years. Funeral services by Bro. 
Thurston Miller. Text, 2 Cor. 5: I. 

A. B. Wallick. 
VOWELS.— In the Dry Creek church, Iowa, 
Nov. 30, 1891, of diphtheria, Harley, son of 
Joseph and sister Flora Vowels, aged 3 
years, 2 months and 24 days. 

Death, in a few short days, called for an- 
othervictlm. Dec. 2, Tommy S. passed away, 
after suffering from the same terrible disease. 
ThuB two precious jewels were, in so short a 
time, taken from the family circle. While 

the neftrt-stricken parents feel almost over- 
come wllli grief, they have the blessed Assur- 
ance that their dear children now dwell with 
the angels of tight. O; how sweet It shall be 
to meet these dear ones around God's throne 
above, when this short life Is over I 

Anna F. Bosserman. 
EBIE.— In the Spring River church, Jasper 
Co, Mo., Sept 1, 1891, Bio. John H. Eble, 
aged 4S years, 5 months and n days, 

Bro. John came to this place from Slark 
County, Ohio, in November, i SS7, and re- 
mained here until the time of his death. He 
was a sufferer for many years with Brights' 
disease. He was anointed with oil in the 
name of the Lord several months before his 
death. He served in the office of deacon a 
number of years. He leaves a sorrowing 
wife and six children, to mourn the loss of one 
that was near and dear to them, but wc hope 
that their loss is his gain. His funeral was 
largely attended and the services conducted 
by Eld. George Barnhart from the words, 
" What is man? " Christian Holdeman. 
EBERSOLE.— In the Yellow Creek church, 
Pa., Aug, 3, 1891, Mary Esther, daughter 
of Bro. Gideon and sister Susan Ebersole, 
aged 1 year, 2 months and is days. 

Funeral services conducted by Bro. P. S. 
Myers and others. Barbara Holsjn«kr. 

BROADWATER— In the Root River con- 
gregation, Minn., Dec. 9, 1891, Amanda A. 
Broadwater, aged 44 years, 9 months and 

Deceased leaves a kind husband, two 
daughters, one son and many other relatives 
to mourn her departure. This visitation of 
God's providence hae cast a gloom over our 
pathway, but may the grief-stricken family 
look to the One who doelh ail things well. 
Funeral services by Bro. John W. Sadler 
irom 1 Thess. 4: 14, to a large and sympa- 
thizing congregation. Ella M. Ogg. 
CRAFT.— In Johnson County, Nebr., Cath- 
arine (Hardnock) Craft. 

Deceased wa6 born March 22, 1836, In 
Germany. When three jears of age she 
came with her parents to Washington Coun- 
ty, Md., where she grew to womanhood. 
From there she came to Shelby County, 
Ohio, but having very poor health, she came 
west to Illinois. In 1878 she, with her fam- 
ily, moved to Johnson County, Nebr., where 
she spent the remaining days of her life. For 
about forty years she has been a faithful fol- 
io ,vei of Chrlsl, having become a member of 
the German Baptist church In her youth. In 
1862 she was united in marriage to Jacob 
Craft, and three children were given them. 
A. Berkevbile. 

BLOUGH.— In Quemahoning Township, 
Somerset Co., Pa., Dec. 11, 1891, of dropsy 
of the heart, Katie May, little daughter of 
friend Samuel and Sarah Blough, aged 4 
years, 5 months and 16 days. 

Funeral services were held at the Blough 
Mennonlte church by Samuel GIndlesperger 
and Simon Lehman from Job 14: 1, 2. 

Abner Bomgardner. 
WINELAND.— In the Solomon's Creek 
District, at Milford Junction, Ind., Oct. 31, 
1891, Bro. Jacob Wineiand, aged 64 years, 
3 months and 26 days. 

Deceased was born in Knox County, 
Ohio, and was a consistent member. His 
conversation was generally concerning the 
Bible and the great beyond. 

Several years ago lie quit using tobacco and 
donated the tobacco money to the missionary 
cause. Funeral services by Davis Younce, 
of Syracuse, assisted by Daniel Wysong, of 
Nappanee. L. A. Neff. 

ARNOLD.— In the Iowa Riverchurch, Mar- 
shall Co., Iowa, Dec. 6, 1891, of cancer, 
Elizabeth Arnold, aged 52 years, 10 months 
and 8 days. 

Funeral services by Bro. John Cakerlce, 
assisted by Bro. Frank Wheeler. Bro. Will- 
lam has lost an affectionate wife, the children 
a devoted mother and the church a loving sis- 
ter. She bore her affliction with Christian 
patience. If we all prove faithful, we shall 
meet her again. Ellen M. Nicholson. 


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Jan. 5, 18JI2, 


Absolutely Pure. 

Science in Bread- Making 1 , 

At the recent annual meeting of (he Amer- 
ican' Chemical Society, held in Washington, 

D. C, the question of the value of carbonate 
of ammonia as a leavening agent in bread, or 
as used in baking powders, came up for dis- 
cission in which Prof Barker, of the Univer- 
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This Is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a well- 
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Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
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pressed. The work shows how a pool 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
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until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
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and especially to onr ministers and isolated 
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, JAS. M. NEFF, Covington. 

The Gospel Messenger 

The Gospel Messenger. 

Table of Contents. 

To the Afflicted Saints. By J. S. Mohler iS 

Annual Meeting of 1892. By Galen B. Royer , 7 

Second Coming of Christ. By J. H.Moore ,8 

Pen Pictures. By J. S. Flory, ' ]Q 

Christmas. By W. R. peeter, ...... ........I,, 10 

The Two Witnesses. By Mattle A. Lear 2C . 

Remarks on James S : 14. By Noah Longanccker" '. '. 21 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

Missionary Work. By B. F. Brubaker 22 

Ministerial Meeting. By Charles Gibson', !'."".'"" I 2 

On the Way. By]. H. Miller ' 22 

What do these Things Suggest? By B. E. Kesler,.! 23 

Notes and Jottings. By I. J. Rosenberger 2 , 

Notes by the Way. By Henry Frantz 2 , 

A Minister Wanted " 

Editorial, — 

Program of Bible Term, 

An Explanation^ "'" *' 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World, .. " 2 c 

^°™"P° n _ d ™«. ■- ■ • ■ .'.'.'.'. 26, V7V2S, 29 

• 29, 3o 

17, H, 

the historical books of the Bible, including Sacred 
Geography and Biblical Antiquities. 

2. The Propagation of Christianity, as given in 
the Acts and the Epistolary Writings, including 
the Geography and the Journeys of Paul. 

3. Biblical Hermenetitics, or the Rules for Bib- 
lical Interpretations. Teacher, H. B. Brumbaugh. 

(1) Exegeiical Study.— 1 Timothy. 

(2) Bomiletics.-BMe Authority for Preach, 
ing; Purpose of Preaching; Matter for Preaching- 
Methods of Preaching; Selection of Texts and Sub- 
jects; Preparation and Delivery of Sermons; The 
Preachers Motive for Preaching; The Aid of the 
Holy Spirit in Preaching; Practice aud Exercise 
in the Treatment of Texts and Subjects. 

(3) Eloeuiion.— General Expression; Voice; 
Natural and Speaking; Clear and Correct Thinking 
the Basis of Clear and Correct Expressing; Bible 
and Hymn leading; Hiuts ouC 

tlier its interests, and, from what I could learn, 
tliey are doing good work in that direction. 

The day was busily, though pleasantly, spent in 
Mewing the proposed grounds for the Meeting 
and the City and its principal industries. During 
the afternoon Mr. Ely kindly accompanied us and 
used efery means to make the visit entertaining 
and peasant Among the special favors received 
from him, was a ride over the new Electric Bail- 
way between Cedar Rapids and Marion, six miles 
distant This was the first day the cars were 
running regularly, and the trip was a most enjoy- 
able one. 

■ Correspondi 

We had a very pleasant call from Bro. Isaac 
Frantz, of Ohio, who stopped over on his return 
from the eastern churches, where he had been 
canvassing iu the interest of the Tract Work, 
We were glad to learn that he was fairly success- 
ful, and, had he not been unexpectedly called 
home, he would have given the "Endowment 
Fund" quite a lift. Bro. Frantz has been giving 
much of his time and talent to this work and the 
ministry, and it should be fully appreciated by 
the church, as ho seems to have a peculiar fitness 
for work of this kind. 

We are informed that the Ministerial Meeting, 
held at Waynesborough, Pa., was largely attended 
and of unusual interest. It was our intention to 
be present, but, through a mistake of dates, got 
ready to go a week after the time. For this we 
were sorry, as we would have much enjoyed meet- 
ing with the ministering brethren of the southern 
part of our District. These meetings are becom- 
ing quite general among us, and, we hope will 
prove a power for good to our ministers and al, 
to the churches. We are glad to believe that 
there la 8 very genera , awak6ning> a8 (o the work 
or the ministry. 


and Pulpit Faults, etc. Teacher, W. J. Swigart. 

(1) Life of Chriatstndied Chronologically; The 
Tears of Preparation and the First aud Second 
Tears of his Ministry. 

(2) Exegetical Study of one of the Gospels with 
the attending Geography and Biblical Antiquities. 

(3) Sunday-school work, such as the occasion 
may demand. Teacher, J. B. Brumbaugh. 

In addition to the above work there will be ex- 
cellent opportunities afforded for instruction in 
sacred music, voice culture, etc. 

During the Term sermons and lectures will bo 
given on the doctrines of the Bible, as believed 
and accepted by the church. We hope to have 
with ns brethren who have given the work special 
preparation and will be able to profitably enter- 
tain and instruct all who may come, old aud 
young, ministers, officials, and lay members. All 
aro iuvited. 




A city, having a population between twenty' 
and twenty.five thousand, and covering an area 
of about fourteen square miles, is situated near 
the centre of the State, on the Cedar Eiver a 
stream famous iu the State for its clear water a'ndi 
mou Classroom | Picturesque and shady banks. From a stand- 

To be held at Huntingdon, Pa., commencing 
*eb. I and continue four weeks. That those who 
«e interested iu this work may have an idea of 
what will be done during the Bible Term, we give 
the following program: 

I BiM« hi.i , I oy me commercial Association. This Associa 

• mole History, as found in the Pentateuch, or I tion consists of business men of the City, to fur 

As is already generally known, our next Annual 
Meeting, the Lord willing, will be held at Cedar 
Bapids, Iowa, the place selected by the Middlt 
District of that State. The brethren, composing 
the Committee of Arrangements, are earnest and 
conscientious workers, and are doing all in their 
power to make the Meeting of 1892 in every way 
a success. The Committee and its organization 
stands as follows: Eld. John Zuck, Clarence, 
Chairman; Eld. J. S. Snyder, Brooklyn, Secre- 
tary; Bro. G. W. Hopwood, Deep Eiver, Treasurer. 
Upon my arrival in the City, Dec. 28, 1891, I 
was met and warmly welcomed by Bro. Tisdale, 
who resides in the City, the Committee of Ar- 

pomt of population, Cedar Rapids ranks seventh 
m the State, but it ranks among the first in enter- 
prise and advantages. The streets, a number of 
which aro paved with cedar and brick, fringed 
with shade trees and bordered with sodded lawns 
between the drive-way and the sidewalk, are kept 
clean and orderly. Many of the business blocks 
are built of cream-colored brick or red superior 
stone, while the residences are brick or frame 
buildings, constructed iu good modern taste. Be- 
sides the industries, common to all cities and es- 
pecially active in this place, here are the head 
quarters of the Burlington, Cedar Rapids and 
Northern Railroad. Here is also situated one of 
'■he largest packing houses and the largest oat- 
neal mill in the United States, and three wide- 
awake educational institutions in addition to the 
well. managed public schools. 

The City has a morning and an evening paper, 
daily, except Sunday, and a number of weekly 
aud monthly newspapers. The water-works have 
a pumping capacity of 6,000,000 gallons every 
twenty-four hours and supply the City with good 
water from three Artesian wells of from 1 440 to 
2,225 feet deep. 

The City is lighted by electricity and gas, and 
all the principal portions are connected by the 
latest improved electric street railway. Includ- 
ing the line, recently built to Marion, about fifteen 
mileB are now in operation. The cars move along 
rapidly each way every fifteen minutes, making it 
possible to reach any part of the City in a short 


According to Russell's Railway Guide for Iowa, 
Cedar Rapids has " more passenger trains enter- 
ing and leaving during twenty-four hours than 
any other city in Iowa." The Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids and Northern, Chicago and North-west- 

rangements, Mr. John 8. Ely, President of the em, Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul and Illi 
Commercial Association, and Mr. Brewer, a rep- nois Central Railroads all pass through the City 
resentatiye of the Cedar Rapids Republican, one giving it through trains to Chicago, Springfield 
of the daily papers of the City. That the Meet- HI., St. Louis, Kansas City, Omaha and Sioux' 
ing is located at this point is due to the untiring City. These points are all about equally distant 
efforts of Bro. Tisdale, aud the liberal offer made (nearly 200 miles) from Cedar Rapids, and the 
mercial Association. This Associa- 1 trains are run so that a passenger may leave in 

(Concluded on page 21.) 


Jan. 12, 1802. 


St mly to show thyself approved unto God; a worl: 


My brother! on the King's highway, 

May light ami grace be given 
To cheer thee on, from day to (lay, 

Till thou shalt rest In heaven! 
Though pain ami sorrow be I by lot, 

Upon this upward road; 
Those sorrows bring thee nearer God, 

The soul's divine abode. 
The cross, though painful, must be bo: 

It aids us onward slill; 
Your feet, though pierced with many 

Shall rest on Zinn'u hill. 
Though dark the cloud, and fierce UlC 

That o'er your pathway rolls, 
Beyond the clouds there Is e 


vlnil c 


God rides upon the chariot-cloud, 

And walketh in the wind, 
Directs the Btorm, though fierce and lo 

By his almighty hand. 
The Lord's disciples, much adaid 

Of raging Galilee, 
Till Jesus, spake and plainly said, 

'TisI! Come, trust in mc. 
And so my brother, tossed, forlorn, 

With waves Of trouble here, 
Look up to him who calmed the storm, 

And soothed their anxlou* fears. 
Each stormy wind I ha I passes by, 

While in 'ibis world we roam, 
But wafts us nearer God on high, 

The BOUl'fi eternal home. 

Morrill h'ans. 


A Sermon Preached hy J. H, Moore, in the College 

Chapel at Mt. Morris, and Reported by 

H. M. Spickler. 

" For this we say unto ynu by the word of the Lord, that 
we which are alive and remain unto the coining of the Lord 
shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord him- 
self shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice 
of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in 
Christ shall rise firfit: then we which are alive and remain 
shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet 
the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever b? with the Lord. 
Wherefore comfort one another with these words."— i Thess. 
4: 15-18. 

This language plainly refers to the second com- 
ing of Christ, — a circumstance in the world's his- 
tory that should be of more than ordinary inter- 
est to all of ns. The first coming of Christ, when 
he came as a babe, was the most important event 
that had yet occurred in God's dealings with the 
world. His second appearance, when he shall 
come without sin unto salvation, taking vengeance 
upon them that know not God, and obey not the 
Gospel of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ, will 
also be a most important event in the world's his- 
tory. From various Scriptures we learn that 
Christ is to make his second appearance. As far 
back as in the days of Enoch, before the flood, we 
discover that his second coming was predicted. 

In Matt. 24 much is said concerning this event. 
Turning to the first chapter of Acts, we have the 
plainest language on this subject to which we can 
refer in the New Testament. It was after the 
Savior had arisen from the dead, after he had ap- 
peared unto his disciples a number of times, that 
he led them out to the Mount of Olives, and there 
they saw him taken up from the earth, "And 
while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as he 
went up, behold, two men stood by them in white 
apparel; which also said, Why Btand ye gazing up 

into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up 
from you into heaven, shall so come in like man- 
ner as ye have seen him go into heaven." 

This language, spoken to the apostles, gave 
them hope. It gave them a foundation for faith 
and hope, for they had not yet understood the 
mission of Jesus. They were of the impression 
that he was to establish himself as king; but he 
had been crucified upon the cross, he had died 
and was buried, and had arisen from the dead, 
and now they see him taken up into heaven. 
And when it is proclaimed that he is to return in 
like manner to the earth, it gives them hope. 
Our Savior, then, as we understand, is to make 
his second appearance upon the earth. 

The question arises, When will he come? It is 
a matter of importance in the minds of the people 
to know when he is coming, that they may be 
ready for him. We would like to know the year, 
day or the hour. The Savior plainly told the 
disciples, " But of that day and hour knoweth no 
man; not the angels of heaven, but my Father 
only." The Father knows the time of the Sav- 
ior's second coming, but the angels themselves 
are not aware of it. And if the angels of heaven 
know not the time, why should we try to pry into 
it? Men of remarkable ability, from the days of 
Miller in Virginia to the present time, have been 
prophesying concerning the day when our Savior 
should appear. They have all failed in their cal- 
culations. They have not only missed the time, 
but they have failed to comprehend important 
circumstances that shall be connected with it, to 
help you prepare for that time. We need not ex- 
pect to know the time, but we are told to be 
ready, to watch and pray, for in such an hour as 
we think not, the Son of man cometh. As it was 
in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the coming 
of the Son of man. In the days of Noah, the 
people went about their business, in their crime, 
in their wickedness, and so will it be at the com- 
ing of Christ. People will not be prepared for it. 
Were we to tell them of the time, few would be 
prepared for it. 

How shall he come? He will come in the 
clouds of heaven and every eye shall behold him, 
and they that pierced him shall see him. It will 
not be a quiet event, like his first coming, as a 
babe in the manger, in the lowly town of Bethle- 
hem. No, his second coming is to be of such a 
character that every eye shall behold him. Evfry 
nation shall see him. They shall see the sign of 
his coming. I know not how that appearance 
shall be, but it is said that he will come in the 
,ds of heaven, and the angels shall be with 
him. A host of angels and saints shall appear 
with him. He will make his appearance in such 
anner that all eyes shall see him coming. All 
world shall be convinced of the fact. There 
will be some remarkable display about it. There 
are things occurring that the whole world can see. 
About the year 1861, a great comet flashed 
across the heavens above us, and we saw it as it 
passed on in its course. I presume the world saw 
the comet, and if the world could see a comet, 
why may they not be able to see Jesus Christ up- 
on the bright clouds of heaven, with the angels and 
saints with him! He who made the stars that we 
can behold, he who made mighty globes a thou- 
sand times larger than the one on which we stand 
to-day, he who made the stars without number, 
he who made the mighty comet, can come in such 
startling appearance that every eye in the world 
cannot help but see him. 

Where will he come to? He will come to Jeru- 
salem, the cradle of Christianity, the place where 
Jesus Christ shall one day reign as King of kings 
and Lord of lords. Jerusalem is the proper place 
for the King to reign supreme. It is the place 
from which Christianity spread, to revolutionize 

the world. Why may it not also be the grand 
center from which the power comes to govern and 
control the world ? 

What for? To "take vengeance on them that 
know not God, and obey not the Gospel of our 
Lord Jesus Christ." When he comes, the Jews 
will be restored to their native land. Then will 
that mighty angel descend from heaven, with the 
key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his 
hand, and shall lay hold upon Satan, that old 
serpent, and bind him, and cast him into the bot- 
tomless pit, and shut the door upon him, and set 
a seal upon him for a thousand years. When 
Satan is bound, then the first resurrection will 
come to pass, viz., the resurrection of the just, — 
the saints over whom the second death is to have 
no power. All those who have died in Christ 
shall come forth and be numbered among those 
who were first resurrected. 

There will be two resurrections, — the resurrec- 
tion of the just, and the resurrection of the un- 
just. The resurrection of the just shall take 
place at the comiDg of our Lord, while the resur- 
rection of the wicked will not take place until 
1,000 years afterward. The righteous who are liv- 
ing at that time, it is said, will be changed in the 
twinkling of an eye, and shall be caught up to 
meet the Savior in the air, and so shall they ever 
be with him. They will undergo a change that 
will make them like unto those who have been 
resurrected from the dead; a change, perhaps, 
like unto Elijah, the prophet, who was taken from 
earth to heaven; a change, fitting them to reign 
with Jesus Christ. Then will commence the 
millennium,— a period that will last for one thou- 
sand years. It ib concerning this period that I 
want to make my particular talk to-night. I have 
related these facts to prepare your minds for it. 

I wonder if we can comprehend that one thou- 
sand years' reign with Christ upou the earth! 
How long will that period be? It has been a lit- 
tle over 1,800 years since Jesus Christ left the 
earth. Take a little more than half of that, and 
you have the length of one thousand years. Go 
back only a few hundred years to the discovery of 
America, and see the developments that have 
been made in the Western world. The land 
which, four hundred years ago, had not a civilized 
being in it, now contains the most powerful and 
one of the most civilized nations of the earth. 
Double that period, if you wish, add 200 years 
and you can have some idea of the length of the 
thousand years' reign of Christ upon the 
h. But, as I said, Christ shall reign upon the 
earth and Bhall take charge of the government 
during that period. Mark you, he is to be the 
Kiug of kings, not only the King of kings, but 
the Lord of lords. He will be the Supreme Eulev k 
He will rule all nations, — every government that 
will be upon the face of the earth. One great 
thing will be out of the way. Satan will be 
bound, and thus the head of evil will be bound. 

With Satan out of the way, the power behind 
sin is gone, and then the saints can control sin. 
The trouble now is, we have Satan's power to 
work against in the world, but when Jesus comes, 
Satan will be bound for a thousand years, and 
there will be a long period without Satan's in- 
fluence against the work of God. Besides that, 
we will have the personal reign of Jesus Christ 
upon the earth, to direct all things by his divine 
wisdom, in keeping with his holy system of gov- 

Perhaps you would like to know when the sec- 
ond coming of Christ will be. I know there are 
students here who would like to know. There 
may be some here, who, if they knew Christ were 
coming the middle of this week, would want to 
return home to father and mother at once. But 
if you are ready for his coming, this will be a 

Jan. 12, 1892. 


good place for you to meet the Master when he 

Now, my friends, I do not know when Christ is 
coming. If Jesns Christ were to come while I 
am living, I would like him to find me right at 
my desk, hard at work. If I were on the farm, I 
would like him to find me at my post, doing my 
duty. Were I in school, I would like the Master- 
to find me hard at work on my studies. Were I 
in any kind of honorable business, I would like 
him to find me engaged right in that kind of busi- 
ness; because, whatever we do, we ought to be 
willing that the Lord should find us in that busi- 

Brethren, do not get the idea that, when the 
Lord comes, you must quit your business, in or- 
der to get ready to meet him. We want to get 
ready to meet the Lord right now, and then, when 
he does come, we will be ready for him, whether 
we be at home or abroad. If we are from home, 
it will be just as well for us as though we were at 
home. The wife wants to be ready to meet her 
Master when her husband is absent, as well as 
when he is at home. The students here at school 
want to be as much prepared to meet Jesus in 
this building, as they would be were they at home 
under their parents' roof. 

In Isa. 65: 20-22 we have this language: "There 
shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor 
an old man that hath not filled his days: for the 
child shall die a hundred years old; but the sin- 
ner being a hundred years old shall be accursed. 

on the globe than have ever been here before 
The saint* who are living when Christ comes, wil 
be changed and have their place with the resur- 
rected saints. Bat there will he others in the 
flesh to make up this great population, 

It will not be a sinful period, for Satan will be 
under control, and many changes are going to 
take place. I want to mention some of them. 
All the saloons and distilleries will be done away 
with. There will be no liquor manufacturing 
during that period. There will be no saloons 
here to influence men and women to drink. Dur- 
ing that Millennium period Madame Fashion will 
be destroyed. She will Dot be able to reign from 
Paris as she now does. 

Have you ever (stopped to think how much 
money would be saved, were it not for all the 
foolish fashions of the world? I have figured a 
little on it, and I think it would save the United 
States six hundred million dollars a year. That 
is a sum that would go far towards helping peo- 
ple to live. The United States is using six hun- 
dred million dollars worth of tobacco every year. 
Now that evil will be wiped out, and that amount 
will be saved. Besides that, we have the enor- 
mous expense of keeping a standing army, nud 
keeping up the police force of our country— two 
hundred million dollars per year,— which would 
thus be Baved iu the United States. That is noth- 
ing in comparison to the great sums that will bo 
saved in Europe. And then consider the poor 
and the insane which we now care for; two hun- 

to enjoy that period; so get ready for it now We 
want to get ready to meet our Master iu the shop 
in the kitchen, in the parlor, on the street, or any 
place else. If any of my hearers are engaged iu 
a business (hey do not care for the Lord to find 
then, in, get out of it at once, and do something 
that ,s honorable. So let us all prepare to meet 

r Lord! 



„„i — .„ s „ u.»u«u yomo uiu snau De accursed. »"" me insane wmch we now care for- tv 
And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; dred million dollars more will be saved 

and f.rmrr ami II tO„y,4 ,.; n n nn1 .J n i __i ai_ - ,■ • , TT~:i~J crt-i__ r i . .. ... 

and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit 
of them. They shall not build, and another in- 
habit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for 
as the days of a tree are the days of my people, 
and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their 
hands." Now in those 1,000 years this world will 
move right on. The earth will be inhabited dur- 
ing that period, and the people will support them- 
selves. They must have houses in which to live. 
They shall plant vineyards and build houses, and 
shall live in them. They shall plant vineyards 
aud enjoy the fruit thereof, and thus reap the re- 
ward of their own toil. During that Millennium 
period there is going to be a great change in this 
world, but not to the degree that some people are 
looking for. People must have something to eat; 
somebody must raise it. There must be clothes' 
to wear, and somebody must make them; houses 
to live in, and somebody to build them. The 
people will go up to Jerusalem once a year to 
worship God. There must be ways of traveling. 
There will be thousands of ocean vessels, and 
people will travel during that period more than 
they do now. We will need all those vessels up- 
on the ocean. We will need our telegraphic lines 
and our mail facilities. We will need our schools; 
we will need much during that period. I don't 
think it will be a period of idleness; it will be a 
busy period.. True, it will be a period of rest, 
but a rest from sin. It will be a rest from every- 
thing that is disagreeable, but I want to tell you 
that it is going to be an active period, and one in 

.„ the 
United States. Look at the gambling dens, the 
horse-races, and the hundreds of other evils that 
I cannot now mention, that will bo done away 
with in that period. I have the total amount on 
my paper, that will be saved during the Millc-n 
nium in one year,— about three billion dollars 
Carry these estimates to the rest of the world, and 
you will observe that we will save money enough 
to keep another world like this. 

During that period the globe shall produce as 
it never produced before. The people also will 
have better laws and know better how to live. It 
will be a matter of absolute joy and happiness to 
live here during that period. There will be no 
strife between labor and capital, because Christ, 
who will administer the government, will give 
such laws as will make a proper harmony between 
labor and capital, between brain and brawn, be- 
tween the ruler and his subject, between the 
teacher and his pupil. It will be a government 
of uniform principle throughout, when peoph 
can enjoy all the happiness there is to be enjoyed 
Oh, my friends, I long for that period to come; I 
would like to live in it. 

But I want to allude to another Hue of thought. 
During that period, like David, we will study the 
stars which God has made, and if men now, in 
the short period of only fifty years, can make 
such discoveries as some of them are making 
what may men not do who live five hundred 
years? Edison jb not yet forty years old, but has 
revolutionized the world in a short time 

wV 1,4.1 • r—™, ™ »o in revolutionized me worm in a short time; wha 

wmch there ,s going to be some great develop- may a man not do who lives two or three hun 


I am under the impression that our modern in- 
ventions and discoveries are only preparing us 
for that period. During that 1,000 years the 
child shall die a hundred years old. If a child 
die at one hundred years, how old will a man and 
woman be? And if they do not die under a hun- 
dred years of age, it will not be long until there 
will be a mighty population upon the globe. 

th I*'" bS Pe ° ple a11 over these valle J"s and 
flese hills and mountain Bides, and on all the 
glands. It will be tt grand period _ a p6riod 
wnen our land must be made to produce more, 
will be a period when more people will live up- 

dred years, with a brilliant and cultivated mind? 
Men shall then study science under the influence 
of what is right aud just. 

I want to say to you, students, do not stop 
studying because you think Jesus Christ will 
come. Keep right on in your studies, because 
another field will open up to you beyond that 
period. But you, who have not yet named the 
name of Christ, you who have not yet given your 
heart to Jesns, turn away from your sins and give 
your heart to him, for the time is coming when 
Christ will come to take vengeance upon them 
that know not God, and obey not the Gospel of 
our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. We will want I 

GENI08, with (he peu of imagery, dipped in the 
coloring of passing events, might give us an in- 
foresting landscape scene with heavenly rays of 
shimmering light, taking for the foundation the 
following outlines of sketch work. The canvas 
tho oarth's surface, from where Atlantic's foaming 
waves beat upon tho eastern shore, to where tho 
gteat Pacific's waters lave the western confines of 
the American c.intinent. Time, Oct. 17, 1891 » 
The sun is hiding behind the Alleghany Motiut- 
ns. The full moon begins to shine with its 
wanton lustre, ten thousand of the professed fol- 
-s of the Meek and Lowly Redeemer have al- 
ready, or are contemplating a close scrutiny of 
self in the exorcise of self-examination. It is six 
lock. Old veterans of the cross arise from 
supper, lay aside their upper garments, and wash 
one another's feet. Why not, when there comes 
that heaven-born echo: "If I, then, your Lord and 
Master, have washed your feet, ye also ought to 
wash one another's feet, for I have given you an 
example that ye should do as I have done to yon." 
The work, thus commenced, goes on. Congre- 
gation after congregation catches up, as it were, 
the Master's words, aud, following up the shadl 
ows of tho retreating suu, the work goes on. An 
hour later tho same blessed work is going on out 
in the "Western Country." And still it goes 
on— farther and farther. The six o'clock shad- 
ows move westward another hour later, and where 
the shadows of the great Bocky Mountains are 
cast over the valley of the St. Vrain, the faithful 
from over the State of Colorado are walking in 
" heavenly places," thoro in the old stone sanctu- 
ary. Beyond the mountains the shadows fly; an- 
other hour has gone and there in the land of flow- 
ers and almost eternal spriDg, where the roar of 
the ocean's waves can be almost heard, the chil- 
dren of a King are washing one another's feet. 

We go back to commence another sketch line, 
the supper is being eaten, the mind is contemplat- 
sweet joy the final fulfillment of this,— the 
Lord's Supper; then the solemn and soul-reviv- 
_ Communion of the body nnd blood of our 
Savior takes place. As in the first line of sketch 
work, we continue those lines in unbroken modu- 
lations, until hours after they reach the Pacific 
slope. While juBt commencing here, those in the 
Far East are going to their homes, and long be- 
fore the exercises are through, those where the. 
work first commenced, are sleeping the sleep of 
the obedient, and perchance dreaming of the 
blessed land " over there." 

The outlines are thus drawn, a glance at the 
canvas, that takes in the whole, portrays a grand 
picture of obedience and love for the Truth. Six 
hours of universal union work in one evening, ten 
thousand voices sending up praises to God over 
the length and breadth of our land,— ten thou- 
sand of the church of the Living God joining in 

♦Taking the notices In the Gospel Messenger of the 
feasts to be held Oct. 17, and numbers o( others, not so given, 
we think it Is safe to say there were from forty to fifty feasts 
held that evening, at which probably ten thousand members 
took part. The difference In time would extend the time 
from the first to the close of the last, about six hours. 



Jan. 12, 1892. 

the kiss o£ charity, — " By this love shall all men 
know that ye are my disciples," is the essence of 
the Savior's words. The church militant thus 
engages in the glorious and grand work, —the 
outgrowth of redemption,- in heaven what must 
be or will be the final outcome of the church tri- 



Christmas is derived from Christ and mass, 
a eucharistic servico of the Roman Catholic 
church. As they have mass on the supposed an- 
niversary of the birth of Christ, they therefore 
call that mass Christ mass. We abbreviate it and 
call it Christmas. 

There are some things Qod wants us to know, 
and others that he doeB not. He did not want 
the Jews to know where Moses was buried, there- 
fore he buried bim himself. If the Jews knew 
where the body of Moses rested, they would 
doubtless make long journeys to his tomb, as the 
Mohammedans do to Mecca. To prevent this, 
God has wisely concealed it from the knowledge 
of man. 

One of the peculiarities of the human family is 
to overdo things. "When the brazen serpent, 
erected by Moses on a pole, had answered a good 
purpose, the purpose intended by the Lord, Isra- 
el made a god of it, and thus committed idolatry, 
manifesting the disposition of overdoing things. 
Infant baptism is also a manifestation of this 

On this account I believe God hid from us the 
birthday of his Son. To observe a holiday be- 
cause we believe it to be the anniversary of the 
birth of Christ is just as gratuitous as infant bap- 
tism, and has no more authority. If God wanted 
us to celebrate the anniversary of the birth of 
his Son, he would have given us the date, as he 
gave Israel the date of their deliverance from 
bondage, in the feast of the passover. But, in the 
absence of such information from God, man fixed 
upon a date to suit himself. 

Other dates besides Dec. 25 have been observed. 
May 1G has been observed in earlier ages of the 
Christian era. The Bhepherda take in their flocks 
much earlier than Dec. 25. The weather would 
have been too rigid at that season of the year for 
the infant Jesus to be born in so inhospitable 
a place as he was born in, therefore we must con- 
clude that Christ was not born Dec. 25, but that 
this day was selected upon by the Boman Catho- 
lics and many of the professed followers of Christ, 
who, in this respect, are following the mother of 

It is not wrong to meet on that day in God's 
house, and to keep it holy, but it iB wrong to meet 
and observe it as a holiday, with the view of its 
being the anniversary of the birth of Christ. If 
any one wante to keep that day holy, he can do so 
by keeping three hundred and sixty-five days 
holy in the year. Few other dayB are desecrated 
like Dec. 25, by feasting, revelry and drunken- 
ness. Paul says, in Gal. 4: 10, 11, " Ye observe 
days, and months, and times, and years. I arn 
afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you la- 
bour in vain." Would uot Paul be likely to use 
the above against the people of to-day, if living 
now, for observing Christ-mass? 
Milford, Ind. 


days of the apostles. These bore different names, 
but the terms Vaudois, WaldenEes, and other ap- 
pellations, have never been connected with the cor- 
ruptions of the great apostasy. They were called 
by their bitter enemy, Reinerus, "The sackcloth- 
wearing heretics." 

It is generally understood, by writers on proph- 
ecy, that the testimony of the witnesses closed 
about the time of the great Reformation in Eu- 
rope. "And when they shall have finished their 
testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the 
bottomless pit shall make war against them, and 
Bhall overcome them, and kill them." VerBe 7. 
We will next inquire, When did this event take 
place, that they finished their testimony, and were 

At the beginning of the sixteenth century, we 
are told, Europe reposed in the deep sleep of 
spiritual death, under the iron yoke of the Papacy. 
At that time Rome had reached the zenith of her 
power. From A. D. 1512 to 1514 the fifth coun- 
cil of the Lateran was held at Rome. The object 
of this council was the extermination of heresy, 
or, in apocalyptic language, to slay the witnesses. 
The Bohemians, it is said, alone remained, and 
these were summoned at the eighth session of the 
council, in 1513, to appear and plead in person, or 
by deputy, May 5, 1514. Did they do so? They 
did not. Such was the depression of the wit- 
nesses of Christ at this time, that not one re- 
sponded to this summons. Then, amid the ap- 
plause of the assembled bishops, the orator of the 
council ascended the pulpit and pronounced the 
epitaph of these witnesses: "Not one protests, not 
one opposes." The witnesses had been slain by 
their enemies. 

But, after lying three and a half days unburied 
in the street of the Great City, they are to rise to 
their feet again. They are to be resurrected. 

Has this part of the prophecy been fulfilled? 
We think it has. Oct. 31, 1517, Martin Luther 
posted his ninety-five theses on the gates of the 
ch at Wittenburg. From these theses again 
flashed forth the light of truth. The witnesses 
are resurrected, and again their voice is heard in 
protestation against the corruptions of Rome, 
louder and more determined than for some time 
before. The time they were to lie unburied is 
said to be three days and a half. Now, from May 
5, 1514, when the witnesses were summoned to 
appear at the Lateran council, but did not answer 
the summons until Oct. 31, 1517, is just three 
years and a half. 

During this time the witnesses for truth, for 
ChriBt and his Word, were silenced ; their voice 
was not heard in public. Rome, for a short time, 
had triumphed. This was the gloomiest time for 
the cause of truth, and the brightest time for the 
Papacy. No wonder she rejoiced and her vota- 
ries sent gifts one to another, because these two 
prophets, that had tormented them, were slain, 
were vanquished. Antichrist had its own way for 
a while, 

When they shall have finished their testimony," 
that is prior to their resurrection. They had now 
completed their testimony as sackcloth-wearers, 
as outlaws, but they were to continue their testi- 
mony a while longer, under a different guise. 
From this time on they were to receive the pro- 
tection of the powers that be, and proclaim their 
truths under the fostering care of the State. 
History tells us that such was the case. The rul- 
ers of Europe, one after the other, favored the 
Reformation, and protected its adherents. True, 
there was much persecution and much bloodshed 
before the Protestant cause was firmly established, 
but it was more in the form of a great struggle 
between two contending forces, — a fierce contest 
to which Bhould gain the mastery, — than were 

Chapter Two. 
Amid the fastnesses of the Cottean Alps have _^ 
existed a company of true Christians since the I the persecutions to whioh the innocent, harmless I heretics should be denied Christian bnrial. This 

and defenseless Christians of former ages were 

When did tho witnesses begiu to prophesy? 
There are two dates given by commentators, as to 
the time. One is the year 533, when the famous 
Justinian code was promulgated. For thiB code, 
styled the "eternal oracles," he claimed the same 
divine origin with that of tho Bible, and ascribed 
the consummation of it to the support and inspi- 
ration of the Deity. One essential part of these 
oracles was to constitute the bishop of Rome head 
of all the churches, " the true aud effective cor- 
rector of heretics." In this code it was authori- 
tatively declared to be heresy and worthy of 
death to dissent from the Roman religion. Then 
if to 533 we add 1260,— the time that the witness- 
es were to prophesy, — we have 1793 as the end of 
this period. 

Before this date ominous symptoms of the 
downfall of Antichrist began to be felt. As early 
as 1727 a high official of Rome observed, "Some- 
thing unnatural is coming to pass in the sight of 
all, for the Catholic governments are beginning to 
unite in hostility to the Roman court." These 
symptoms grew more and more threatening until 
1793 when France, which had been for 1,300 years 
the eldest son of the church, ihe great bulwark of 
the Papacy, which had, at the bidding of Rome, 
slain the saints within her borders and massacred 
her best subjects, now broke loose from its sub- 
jugation, and, in its disruption, shook the Papal 
influence throughout the world. 

Tho other date for the 1,260 years is 538. At 
this date the Bishop of Rome was placed in quiet 
possession of Rome by Justinian. Just 1,260 
years after this date, in 1798, Pope Pius YII was 
taken prisoner by the French troops under Ber- 
thier, and carried a helpless captive from his cap- 
tal to France, where he died in exile. 

"And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of 
the great city," which spiritually is called Sodom 
and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. It 
was common for writers, during the Dark Ages, to 
liken Rome to Egypt and Sodom, and the likeness 
is certainly very marked, as in her has been found 
all the oppression, all the cruelty of the former, 
and all the gross wickedness aud shockiog de- 
pravity of the latter. As the apostate JewB cruci- 
fied the Son of God at their capital, Jerusalem, so 
apostate Christendom crucified him afresh, and 
put him to an open shame in their capital, Rome. 
And juBt as the Jews looked to Jerusalem of old 
as the great centre of all justice, even so Christ- 
endom looked in the Middle Ages to Rome as the 
great seat of moral, ecclesiastical and judicial 
power. Says Gibbon, " The nations began once 
more to seek on the banks of the Tiber the laws 
and oracles of their fate." 

"They of the people and kindreds and tongues 
and nations shall see their dead bodies," that is 
the representatives of the people. It is said, the 
only idea of representation during the Middle 
Ages was that exhibited in a general council. 
" Their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the 
great city." We are told that tho word which is 
here translated street is platia, aud the meaning 
seems to be, " market place," or " forum." The 
forum was where all public assemblies met, and 
all courts of justice were held. From the years 
1512 to 1514 the sixth council of the Lateran was 
held in this forum, the moat conspicuous place at 
Rome, under the pontificates of Julius II and 
Leo X. During this council one of the speakers 
remarked, " This is the meeting-place of Europe." 
Again it is said, " They would not suffer their 
dead bodies to be put in the graves." A part of 
the sentence of the church of Rome on heretics, 
not only in this council, but in others, was, that 



is one of the many tbiDgs she bes borrowed from 

We read in tbis chapter, " Tbey that dwell up- 
on tbe earth shall rejoice over them and make 
merry, and shall send gifts one to another, be- 
cause these two prophets tormented them that 
dwelt on the earth." The Papal adherents will 
be so delighted that these faithful witnesses are 
at length silenced, that tbey will give the most 
extravagant expression to their joy. And we find, 
by referring to history, that at the close of this 
council, which bad pronounced the death of the 
witnesses, tbe warmest congratulations, accom- 
panied by tbe most costly presents, were sent to 
the Pope by the princes of Europe, especially 
from the king of Portugal. In return the Pope 
co iferred on the king half the Eastern world. 
The most splendid fetes and iiie most luxurious 
dinners were given, toasts were drunk, eloquent 
speeches were made, and the Bubject of joy, Bays 
the historian, was the total reduction of the here- 
tics, and healing of the French schism. Dean 
Waddington, writing of this time, says: "At this 
moment the pillars of the Papal strength seemed 
visible and* palpable, and Borne surveyed them 
with exaltation from golden palaces." 



Before reading this article, the reader is re. 
quested to re-read the " New Testament Greek,' 
number eleven, by James M. Netf, on page 611, of 
No 39, last volume. With the exceptiou of hie 
"opiuion" attached to tbe close of said article, it 
wiil bear re-printing and careful study. Because 
of said article we consider Baid number worth its 
weight in gold. We shall consider the subject 
from, another stand-point 

We understand " elders," as used in James 5 
14, as " a term of rank or office." When Chrisl 
established his church, " he ordained twelve, that 
they should be with him, and that he might, send 
them forth to preach, and to have power to heal 
sickness." Mark 3: 14, 15. When he sent them 
forth, " he sent them forth by two and two." 
Mark 6: 7. He commanded them to "heal the 
sick." Matt. 10: 8. 

We are informed that after they were ordained 
apostles and were sent forth by two and two, " they 
went out and preached that men 6hould repent. 
And they cast out many devils, and anointed with 
oil many that were sick, and healed them." Mark 
6: 12, 13. 

The healing of the sick was associated with the 
anointing of oil. Summary: Christ organized his 
church by ordaining twelve. He sent (hem out 
by two and two. They were to preach the Gospel 
and heal tbe sick. They preached the Gospel and 
anointed with oil the sick and healed them. 

Again; when local churches were established in 
the time of the apostles, " they ordained them eld- 
ers in every church." Acts 14: 23. line we 
have the practice of the apostles. " They or- 
dained them elders ia every church." Not an eld- 
er, but elders. Hence they could go forth on 
their mission " by two and two," as Christ gave 
them example. Churches were anciently estab- 
lished in cities. Paul, in writing to Titus, says, 
"for this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou 
shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, 
and ordain elders in every city, as I had appoint- 
ed thee." Thus we see that the teaching of the 
apoBtles agreed with their practice; and their 
teaching and practice agreed with the example of 
Christ, if not also bis command. There were 
then, in tho apostolical churches, elders, officially, 
in every church. 

Now, referring to James 5: 14, we read, "Is any 
sick among you? let him call for the elders of the 

church; and let them pray over him, anointing 
him with oil in the name of the Lord," etc. " In 
the name of the Lord," signifies, "according to 
his direction or authority." The apostles, accord- 
ing to the command of Christ, anointed tho sick 
with oil and healed them. James, in writing "to 
the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad," en- 
joins the anointing of the sick by the elders of 
the church, with oil, in the name of the Lord. 
Annual Council has always decided that the elders 
referred to in James 5: 14, are tbe "ordained eld- 
ers." Of course, in more modern councils tbe 
opinion was added that "if ordained elders can 
not be had, those lees in office will do." This 
opinion is founded on 1 Tim. 5: 1, 2, where Paul 
writes about the more aged brethren and sisters, 
and calls them elder brethren and elder women ; 
therefore, if the ordained elders cannot be had, 
those elder brethren and elder women will do. In 
1 Tim. 6: 1, and 1 Pet. 5: 6, we have the terms 
" elder," one singular and tho other plural in form 
but we cannot substitute "elders" for "elder,' 
unless we change tho sense. It will not do to say 
that because Paul writes about elder men and eld- 
er women, therefore, Peter, in 1 Pet. 5: 1, exhorts 
elder men and elder women. Such an opinion 
would exclude the greater part of the ministers 
from assisting in the anointing; for they are r 
of the "elder" by way of age, nor of the "elder 
by way of ordination. But the article by B 
Neff, to our mind, settles this part of tbe questic 
and therefore we forbear to continue this train of 

( Continued from first page. ) 
the evening ami the next morning be in on 
the cities named, or vice versa. Thus it will bo 
seen thero is easy access from any direction. The 
reputation for a good service on the part of these 
roads, is so well known as to need no further com- 
ment. It is hoped that the Western Passenger 
Association will grant the uaual rate, one faro for 
the round trip, and as Boon" no the rate is settled, 
it will be announced through the Gospel MES- 

The depots of these four roRds aro so near to 
each other that, they form practically a uuion 
pot. in the centre of the City. Near them will he 
erected a suitable building for a General Infor- 
mation Bureau where the Lodging Committ 
will bo located, and information concerning trait 
the places of lodging, the Meeting, the City, et 
may be had during either night or day. Tins 
certainly will be a great convenience to all. 


Where tho Meeting is to bo held, are about ooe 
mile from the depots, aud may be reached either 
]jy the Electric Railway, which has a double 
Hack from the depots to within ono block of the 
Grounds, or by ample sidewalks, leadiDg to the 
Grounds. The street cars will carry passengers 
from the Meeting to at.y part of the City for 
five cents per person, including baggage. The 
Grounds are large enough for the Meeting, suf- 
ficiently rolling to give a fair waterfall, in case of 
rain, and the larger part, is covered with a grove 
which will afford agreeable shade in case of warm 

When it comes to the buildings and conven- 
iences for the Meeting, the Commercial Associa- 
tion have certainly made a very liberal offer to 
help carry the burden of expenso. In fact, they 
carry nearly all of it. While the contract is care- 
felly itemized in every particular, the force otitis 
this: "Tell us what you want to hold your Meet 
ing, and we will put it there for yom- free use, on 
the conditions that when your Meeting is over, all 
we put there comes back to us again." AH they 

ask is that the Committee will appoint some one 
to superintend the arrangement of the Grounds 
and the building, nnd they will furnish all materi- 
al and do the work. In accordance with this the 
Commitlee have ordered 


To be erected, 120 feet square, and closed at 
the one end where the Moderator will stand. It - 
is to seat 5,000 people. A platform, sixteeu by 
eighty feet across the closed end, will be made for 
tbe uBe of the Standing Committee and about one 
hundred old brethren that usually cannot get 
cIobo enough in front to hear. The part set aside 
for the delegates, shall be inado comfortable, and 
in fact the whole building will be built with the 
express purpose of comfort during the long ses- 
sions. Tho Tabernacle, as well as all the other 
buildings, will have a water-tight roof. 


There is now on the Grounds a building suita- 
ble for the Standing Committee room. Here the 
Committee is to meet and have good beds fur- 
nished eree. The Dining Hall is to have a seat, 
ing capacity of ],000, and provided with a kitchen 
containing suitable arrangements Adjoining it 
will be a lunch stand, 16x140 feet. In addition to 
these there will be suitable buildings for baggage 
room, ticket-office, poBtoflice, GOSPEL MlBSENOEH 
office, Tract otlico and such others as may be 
needed. Artesian water will be piped to any 
point the Committee may direct, and the Grounds 
and buildings will be lighted by electricity. All 
other things needed, such as convenient, liitching- 
gronnds, police force, etc., will bo supplied. 

Tho Grounds are within the city limits and ill 
the best resident part of the City. The citizens 
will open their houses to our people, and do all 
they can to make the brethren comfortable while 
there. Tho rooms will bo assigned near the 
Grouuds first, and as the demand requires, move 
farther back until all are accommodated. With 
the excellent street car system, it will make little 
difference whether one is near or far from tho 

In conclusion, after looking carefully over the 
plans of the Committee, as far as they are ma- 
tured, aud hearing them explained in the detail, 
in reading what the Commercial Association pro- 
poses to do, and the natural advantages the town 
offers for holding such n meeting, I feel assured 
that, if the Lord permits us to gather together 
there, to do business in his house, wo shall find 
tho eccommodations agreeable and everything 
done fo make the Meeting a pleasant and success- 
ful on. . To that end I pray our Pathe ' " 

The Gospel Messenger 
iced organ of the German Baptist or Drclhn 

il„ ii 

lso maintains that Feet washing, as taught in John 13, both by ex- 
a and command of Jesus, shuuld lie observed in tlie church, 
it the Lord's Supper, instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
I by the apostles and the early Christians, Is a lull meal, and, In 
dion with the Co, UDloil, should be taken In the evening or alter 

That Hie Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss ol Charity, is binding 
upon the followers ol Christ. 

That War arid Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and sell-denying 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. . 

That the principle ol Plain Dressing and ,•! Nonconformity to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, sliould be observed by the fol- 
lowers ol Christ. 

That the Scriptural duly of Anointing the Sick with Oil, in the Namo 
of the I-ord, James c: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates Hie church's duly to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord lor the spread ol the Gospel and for the 
conversion of sinncr3. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles have en- 
joined upon us, and aims, amid the conflicting theories and discords ol 

lodern Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be in- 

ilibly sale. 

I®~The above principles of our Fraternity are set forth 
on our " Brethren's Envelopes." Use them I Price, [5 centra 
per package; 40 cents per hundred. 


Jan. 12, 1892. 

Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the first day ul the wtik, 

Store as God hath prospered him, 
that there be noKatherings when I 
come."— i Cor. 16: a. 

grudgingly or ol necessity, lor t 
Lord loveth a cheerful giver. "- 
Cor. 0: ?. 

" Every man according to his ability." " Every one , 
peredAim." " Everyman, a.'c-mlwgas he furfiosetA i 
him give." "For il there be first a willing mind, it Is si 
to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath r 

Organization of Missionary GomrciUce. 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Gm,kn B. Royeh, Secretary, 

Mel* hereon, Kans. 

Mt. Morris, III. 
- Mt. Morris, IU. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

S. W. Hoover, Foreman, 
S. Bock, Secretary and Treat 

^f-A)l donations intended for Missii.ri.irv \V...ik ^linnM be sent to 
Galen D. ROVER, Mt. Morris, 111. 
EP-AH money lor Tract Work should be sent to S. Dock, Dayton, 

|y Solicitors arc requested lo faithfully carry out the plan of Annual 
Meeting, that .ill our members he solicited to contribute at least twine a 
year for the Mission and Tract Work oi the Church. 

Eff-Notes for the Endowment Fund can be had by writing to the Sec- 



We desire to call the attention of the members 
of the Southern District of Illinois to the fact that 
blank endowment notes will soon be placed in the 
solicitors' hands for circulation. Let all consider 
the importance of the matter. The object of the 
District Endowment plan is, 

1. The Southern District of Illinois has a large 
field for cultivation, and to get the best results we 
need a fund from which to draw. By having a 
fund of this kind, using the interest only, we will 
have the work on a basis that will last as long as 
time lasts. A perpetual fund of this kind, if 
properly utilized, in calculated to do an immense 
amount of good. 

2. All that give notes are thus helping to move 
the Master's work along. There are members 
among us who are getting old, and have considera- 
ble of this world's goods, and before they pass 
hence, they will have nu opportunity to bequeath, 
or will, a part of their wealth to the work of the 
church. We all feel like having a lot or part in 
this matter. Though some of us cannot do much, 
let us do something, or what we can. We, in no 
wise, will lose our reward, and our work will fol- 
low us, yes, when we have passed away. No mat- 
ter whether we gave ten, fifty, one hundred dol- 
lars or more, that money still will be doing work 
for the Lord by his embassador. 

Especial attention iB called to the necessity of 
appointing solicitors, whose duty will be to can- 
vass the congregation in which they live, and for- 
ward the name and address of the solicitors to the 
Secretary of the District Missionary Committee. 
Address James Wirt, Box 221, Virden, Illinois, 
as directed in Art. 4 and 10 of Minutes of 1891. 
Wo urge that the elders of churches havo thiB at- 
tended to us soon as practicable. 

By Order of Committee. 
Virde», III. 



The following is the record of the proceedings 
of the Ministerial Meeting, held by the ministers 

of the Southern District of Illinois, at the Cerro 
Gordo church, Dec. lb' and 17, 1891: 

1. After the devotional exercises, Bro. Geo. W. 
Cripe stated the object of the meeting. 

2. On motion Bro. Dan. Vaniman was chosen 
temporary chairman. 

3. The following rules were adopted to govern 
the meeting: 

(a) The organization shall consist of Modera- 
tor, Clerk and Treasurer, who shall be elected by 
a majority ballot of the ministers present, belong- 
ing to the Southern District of Illinois, and shall 
hold their offices for one year, or until their suc- 
cessors shall be appointed. 

(o) The Moderator shall keep order, decide 
who is entitled to the floor, require each speaker 
to confine his remarks to the subject before the 
meeting, decide when the speakers' time expires, 
and when the discussion on any subject Bhall 


(c) The Moderator, with the assistance of the 
elders present, shall designate who shall fill the 
places of those brethren whose nameB appear on 
the programme but are not present. 

(d) It shall be the duty of the Clerk to take 
notes of the proceedings of the meeting, and make 
true entries, in a journal provided for the pur- 
pose, of all the business transacted by the meeting. 

He Bhall read all papers which shall be or- 
dered to be read, have the custody of all papers 
belonging to the meeting, and perform such other 
duties as usually belong to such offices. 

(e) It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to take 
charge of the funds belonging to the assembly, 
and pay cut only when ordered to do so by the 
meeting. He shall render an account of all funds 
received and expended, as often as requested to 
do so by the meeting. 

(/) No one shall speak without first addressing 
the Moderator and being recognized by him. 

(g) No one shall be entitled to more than two 
speeches on the same subject (without the con- 
sent of the meeting), the first limited to fifteen 
miuutes, and the second to five minutes. 

(k) Anyone using personalities in his speech, 
shall be called to order by the Moderator. 

(i) All the members present (whether belong- 
ing to the Southern District of Illinois or not), 
are permitted to take part in the speaking. 

4. Organization. The meeting was organized 
by electing D. B. Gibson, Moderator; Chas. Gib- 
son, Clerk; John S. Knns, Treasurer. 

5. Carrying out the Programme. 

(a) " The Church, its Mission and Relation to 
its Ministers." Discussed by David Troxel and 
T. B. Lyon; followed by Michael Flory, A. J. 
Bowers, Daniel Vaniman, G. W. Cripe and Thom- 
as Reiser. 

(6) " What will Make our Churches Prosper?" 
Discussed by T. D. Lyon and A. J. Bowers, fol- 
lowed by Bro. Frederick, of Indiana; G. W. 
Cripe, A. J. Nickey, Daniel Vaniman, D. B. Stu- 
debaker and Thomas Keiser. 

(c) " The Minister and his Duties." Discussed 
by G. W. Cripe and D. B. Gibson; followed by 
brethren Frederick, Vaniman, Nickey, Troxel 
and Bowers. 

(d) "Missionary Work and How to Make it 
more Effective." Discussed by G. W. Cripe and 
Menno Stouffer; followed by J. H. Brubaker, Da- 
vid Troxel and Daniel Vaniman. 

(e) "The Relation of Ministers to the Sunday- 
school and Prayer-meeting." Discussed by Mi- 
chael Flory and J. H. Brubaker, followed by A. 
J. Bowers and D. B. Studebaker. 

(/) " The Sunday-school and its Relation to the 
Church." Discussed by D. B. Gibson and A. J. 
Nickey; followed by Michael Flory. 

G. On motion the officers of the meeting were 
authorized to appoint a committee to prepare b 

programme for the next Ministerial Meeting; al- 
so a committee to select a time and place for next 

7. Committee on Programme, Geo. W. Cripe, 
D. B. Gibson and William Landis. Committee 

time and place, Geo. W. Cripe, D. B. Gibson 
and William Landis. 

8. A collection was held to meet the expenses 
of the meeting, amounting to S7.32. 

9. On motion the Clerk was instructed to pur- 
chase a journal and such other stationery as he 
may need, and the Treasurer is instructed to pay 
the bill. 

10. The Treasurer is instructed to pay the 
Clerk of the Committee on Programme for this 
meeting when he shall receive the order, signed 
by the Clerk of this meeting. 

11. The Committee on Programme for next 
meeting extend an invitation to the members of 
Southern Illinois, to send questions they desire to 

9 on the programme to G. W. Gripe, Cerro 
Gordo, 111. They also request the churches, de- 
siring the next Ministerial Meeting, to send in 
their calls to G. W. Cripe, foreman of Committee. 

12. Calls for next Ministerial Meeting were 
made by the Hudson church and by the Cerro 
Gordo church. 

13. Resolved that this assembly tender the Cer- 
ro Gordo church a vote of thanks for the kind- 
ness, generosity and hospitality given us during 
this meeting. 

14. On motion it was decided to send a copy of 
the MinuteB to the Messenger Office for publica- 

15. The Minutes of the Meeting were read and 

Girard, III. 



I am now at Plevna, Howard Co., Ind., in the 
Greentown church, holding a series of meetings. 
This congregation is in Southern Indiana, and 
has four ministers, with a medium-sized church 
of members. Bro. Aaron Moss, from the Howard 
church, was at their last council. I formed an 
agreeable acquaintance with him and the minis- 
ters of the Greentown church. 

I am much worried over a constant pressure of 
business. In a late article in the Messenger. I 
presented the idea that an elder made a very poor 
evangelist, and vice versa, and I have of late 
made a special failure of both. I am trying to 
take care of four churches, and let myself be 
used as an evangelist. I see that my work does 
not give the best result in that way. While in 
the field at work, I frequently receive letters, call- 
ing me home to attend to Borne church work, thus 
often causing me to spoil a good series of meet- 
ings, when souls are nearing the kingdom. How 
often have members come to me and said, "Bro. 
Miller, you have just worked up an interest, and 
now you are leaving us just when we think of do- 
ing something." -j 

My heart, not long since, was moved, wht A 
two BiBtera came to me with tears in their eyet, 1 
and lamented this Bad state of affairs. I havef 
given the subject much thought, and I feel, more| 
than ever, that every congregation should have 
her own elder. Then let those ministers who can, 
and are willing, go out as missionaries and e 

I have asked counsel of some of the dear breth- 
ren whether I should give up my evangelistic 
work, or the charge of so many churches. One 
or the other I must do. The answer of nearly all 
so far, has been, " Let some one else take chargt 
of those churches, while you prepare yoiirselj 
more fully for evangelistic work." 


I do wonder what the editors of our chuuch pa- 
per have to say on this subject. A word of coun- 
sel to a "pilgrim soldier" would be like a brace 
in a building. Moses, iu fighting the battles of 
the Lord, had to have some one to 6tay his hands 
Ex. 17: !)-12. 

Dec. 23. 


We have long been of the opinion that elders 
should be ordained iu every church, so as to avoid 
the necessity of oue elder being burdened with 
the care of many churches. In ca6e a congre »a- 
tion does not have suitable material of whicb°to 
innko an elder, it should be placed iu charge of an 
elder who will give special attention to prepar- 
ing material for that purpose. This may be done 
by proper teaching on this line of work. It is to 
be feared that we do not give special attention to 
the way of instructing our members in regard to 
the qualifications and duties of church officers. 
More attention given to this line of work might 
bring forward more men, qualified to lead the flock 
of God. ■ 

Men who are qualified to do evangelistic work 
by all means ought to do the " work of an evan- 
gelist," and spend their time working up the 
cause at isolated poinls. He who does this 
aright will have no time to look after other con- 
gregations. Furthermore, it is very unwise for a 
man to undertake more than he can do well. It is 
far better to work in more laborers, so as to divide 
up the burdens as well as the honors. j. h. m. 



Recently I look it upon myself to compare the 
Messenger in price and in reading matter with 
other church papers. The results showed that 
the Messenger is not only more entirely devoted 
to religious matter, but is lower in price, every- 
thing considered. 

While, after all, a paper is what its publishers 
make it, I know that it is a great help to them al- 
ways to have on hand neat, well-written articles 
and notes from correspondents, to help iu making 
the paper interesting to its readers. Then, again, 
a paper cannot be published without proper supl 
port and encouragement, and no church can pros- 
per as well without as with a paper. 

What, then, do these facts suggest? They tell 
us that every member who can, should take the 
paper, and that those who can write should em- 
ploy their talent in that direction. Let all, now 
and then, drop the editors a word of approval. 
It encourages us iu any undertaking to know that 
our efforts and our labors are appreciated. With 
what eagerness we put forth increased effort when 
we know we have the sympathy of our fellow-men! 
Again, when any business, pertaining to the 
Lord's work, is to be done, how slow wo are to take 
hold, and how sparingly we sow, when we have tak- 
en hold! We see this when calls are made for 
' contributions for the poor, for church expenses, or 
for helping to build up churches. We don't 'act 
that way when a business, pertaining to our own 
work is at stake. Supposing Bro. A. or Bro. B. 
wants a good horse, a tiue house, a hundred acres 
of land, or anything else for his own convenience, 
what do you think he would say, were you to tell 
him the Lord needed means for any of the above- 
named purposes? "I'm too poor." Well, how 
long do you think he would do without that horse, 
or that house, or that land, or any other conven- 
ience? You don't know? Well, what do these 
things suggest? They tell us that every one 
should give as the Lord has prospered him. 
Furthermore, suppose a church has a large ler 

tory for ministerial labor. The laborer , 
few and the few are not iu circumstances, fiuan- 
cia ly, to attend to the calls and the need for wor K 
and, further, knowing that we believe we preach 
and practice the Word iu its ancieut purity, what 
do these th.nga suggest? They tell us that the 
church should see to it that she has laborers iu 
plenty, and that the laborers be put in a coudi- 
tion to "go." 

About twenty mouths ago we began the build- 
ing of a church on Chestnut Creek, Franklin Co 
Va an isolated place, where the Brethren had 
held but few meetings previously. With much 
effort we secured means enough (excepting about 
HjO) to get the house in condition to use in warm 
weather, and on Friday, Aug. 7, we had our 
hist meeting, and continued over Sunday. Sept. 
13, we had meeting again, when a dear old father 
expressed his desire to quit the ways of sin and 
serve his Master, and Oct. 11 he was baptized 
What do these things suggest? They tell us that 
there are many more isolated places where 
churches might be built, and many more brought 
into the fold, if we put forth proper efforts, and 
back that effort with a little self-sacrifice. My 
dear reader, of how many places do you know 
where this may be done? Do you feel the deep 
responsibility of moving forward on this line? 
Then let us "rally round the banner." Christ 
will ever be with us to comfort, strengthen, and 
encourage. We have these words, " For as much 

ye know that your labor is not in vain in the 

Oak Level, Va. 


We certainly appreciate the writer's kind words 
behalf of the Messenger. We regret, howev- 
■, that the article has been delayed bo long. It 
ought to have appeared in November.— Ed. 

while these modem reform movements iu church 

c.l, Nov 28 passed off pleasantly. An election 
was held, which resulted iu placing Eli Eoose iu 
the second degree of the ministry, and calling 
brethren Samuel Burkhart and Itvin Burns to the 
office o deacon. The meeting closed Dec. 8 with 
live additions. 

We called at the quiet home of Bro. J. H. Mil- 
ler, ... the suburbs of the City of Goshen. Wo 
found Bro. John absent on his "Master's busi- 
ness, and sister Miller, as she has been for long 
years an invalid, going „b„„t by the aid of a 
crutch. Sister Miller is of Methodist parentage. 
She has s brother who has been an elder for years 

the Methodist church, and a sister who is pres- 
ident of the Woman's Christian Temperance Un- 
ion but we are glad to note that sister Miller has 
an humble zeal, worthy of the cause, and seems 
at all t.mes willing to aid in defense of the hum- 
ble religion of Jesus. 
Covington, Ohio. 





We arrived at Nappanoe, Ind, on Oct. 28, and 
continued our sojourn among the saints at that 
place until Nov. 19 The Brethren here have a 
good house, an inteiesting congregation, and a 
flourishing Sunday-school. Their singing is to 
edification,— the result of practice, and a course 
of instruction, which ought to be in every congre- 
gation. Bro. J. C. Murray is elder here, assisted 
iu the ministry by brethren Daniei Wysong and 
Peter Stuckuian. Recently Eld. C. B. Shively 
and Bro. Buzzard have moved in among them. 

The cause here was lagging seriously for years. 
The Progressive cause started a few years ago, and, 
as usual, prospered for a sesson, but since then 
it has subsided. Bro. Murray moved in among 
-a and devoted himself to unite the elements 
on Ihe line of the approximate usages of the 
church. Sister Murray also proved herself "a 
helper in the Gospel," and thus the work has 
prospered. I have it to say that, while with 
them, I felt like Peter that it was good to be 
there. The church seemed much encouraged, 
niue were baptized, and a number are near the 

Our next point was the Yellow Creek church in 
the same (Elkhart) County. The weather, while 
at this point, was inclement, and hindered the 
meeting. Eld. J. H. Miller, of Goshen, has charge 
here. Brethren John Nusbaum, Hiram and Eli 
Boose are in the ministry. In view of the condi- 
tion of the roads and weather, congregations and 
order were excellent. The aim here, as at Nappa- 
nee, is, "not to remove the landmarks that our 
fathers have set." That gives a settled line, a 
fixed basis on which to do business iu tie church, 

The meetings at Georgotown, Ohio, that 1 just 
commenced when I last wrote, closed on the eveu- 
■ug of Dec. 20. It was r. very pleasant series of 
meetings indeed. We had good attendance, and 
the best of order. The seating capacity of the 
house proved to be too small on several occasions. 
I held a series of meetings here last March, and it 
was very pleasant lo meet again in worship 
Four precious souls were msdo willing to put on 
Christ and were baptized. I returned home Dec. 
21, not having ben,, at h„me over night for nearly 
seven weeks. Wife and I came home with La 
Grippe. I preached three days yet, after I hod 
been taken siok, and would have remained a few 
days louger, but was finally obliged to close the 
meetings on account of sickness. We are somo 
better now. Bro. Daniel Snell, of Indiana, is now 
preaching at the Central house of the Donald's 
Creek church, having commenced on the evening 
of Dec. 21. On account of our health we had to 
niss two meetings thus far. It is surprising how 
?asy some people can sloy away from church 
when they are in good health. I hope I may be 
able to attend the remainder of the series of meet- 
ings now in session, yet I am barely able to sit up 
to-day. If health permits I am to commence a 
series of meetings in the Salem church, Ohio, 
Jan. 7, and on Jan. 30, at the Massissiuewa 
church, Iud. The present indications are that I 
will not be able to hold at least the first series of 
meetings, yet I trust the Lord will overrnlo all 
for the best. 
New Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 28. 


We waut a minister to looate among us, and 
each for us. We have no resident minister, but 
hove to depend on adjoining churches for preach- 
We are weak and but few in number, but 
willing to help support a minister who will 
come and labor with us. We have fifteen mem- 
bers, and a commodious house, located in as fine 
a country as anywhere in the Miami Valley. 
This is the church that Henry D. Davy had 
charge of years ago. We hod at that time four 
ministers, but now not one. Wo feel discouraged 
sometimes, but live iu hopes that we moy hove a 
change for the better. We desire an interest in 
the prayers of all. 

For further information address I. S. Stude- 
baker or the undersigned. D. W. Weddle. 

Casalown, Ohio. 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor. 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, I .... Associate Editors. 

J. G. Royer, f 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 

^^-Communications lin pul.-lic.itlon shmild be k-j-llily v.iiittn with 
black ink on chic side ol the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, ot 
to put on one p»f;e ou^ht t«> ucciipy two. 

&F~ Anonymous communications will not be published. 

gfDo not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets from all business, 

laf-Tlmc is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
to answer questions of Importance, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering ol letters. 

tyThc Messenger Is mailed each week to all subscribers. If the ad- 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it Is addressed. If you do not get your paper, write us, giving par. 

efWhen changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your future address in full, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 
^T 1 Always remit to the office from which you order your goods, no 

, wlu- 


\3F~ Do not send personal checks or drafts on In 
send with them z\ cents each, to pay lor collection. • 

ty Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New Vork, Philadelphia or Chicago, <..r Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to "Ilrcthren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, III.." 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

^"Entered at the Post-office at Mount Morris, III., as second-class 

Mount Morris, HI., 

Bno. Michael Flory, of Macoupin County, 
111., has been ordained to the eldership. 

Bro. T. T. Myers is engaged in a series of 
meetingB at the Amwell church, New Jersey. 

Bno. D. F. Eby, who formerly lived at Mt. Ver- 
non, 111., may now be addressed at Westfield, Ind. 

Bko. Jacob Witmore, of Missouri, is booked 
for a series of meetings in Ohio, and is probably 
preaohing there at this time, 

Bno. Silas HoovEn writes us that he is en- 
gaged in a series of meetings in the Beaver Creek 
congregation, Md., with increasing congregations, 

Bno. H. W. Stiuckler, of Loraine, Illinois, is 
booked for a series of meetings in the North-west- 
ern part of Missouri, in the Honey Creek church. 

Bro. I. D. Parker writes that the meetings at 
the Eden church, in the Tuscarawas congregation, 
Ohio, closed Dec. 2 l J with three accessions and 
one applicant. 

The ministerial meeting for Northern Iowa, 
Minnesota and South Dakota will be held at 
Greene, Iowa, Feb. 11 and 12. The program will 
be published Boon. 

Since the death of his companion Bro. John 
Neher, of Conway Springs, Kaus., has decided to 
return with his children to Virden, 111 , where he 
may hereafter be addressed. 

Bro. M. M. Shbbbick, of this place, spent hie 
vacation holding a series of meetings at Panther 
Creek, Iowa, which, so far as heard from, resulted 
in eight applicants for baptism. 

Bro. S. W. Hoover, of Dayton, Ohio, reports 
that La Grippe is prevailing there both in (he 
city and also in the country. There are one or 
more members sick in every family. 

Among those here from a distance is Bro. Geo. 
W. Meyers, of New Enterprise, Pa., and Bro. 
Walter KUncb, of Canada. Others are with us, 
representing seven States, with more to come. 

Brethren Cyrus Bucher, Thomas Keiser aud 
S, B. Miller, of Southern Illinois, gave us a pleas- 
ant call week before last. Bro. Miller remained 
only two days. We regret that he could not btay 
longer. The other two brethren are still with us 
and will take part in the Bible Term. They also 
preached some for us, and their efforts were ap- 

Bno. Henry Fbantz informs us that he and his 
wife are confined to their home with La Grippe. 
For that reason Bro. Frantz wss compelled to 
close his meetings at Georgetown, Ohio, some 
dajs before ho had intended to. We hope they 
may soon recover and resume their work at other 
points where their services are much needed and 
will be greatly appreciated. 

We have two Bible Catalogues that are sent 
free to all who apply for thorn,— one of twenty 
pageB, giving a list of our Family Bibles, the other 
containing thirty-two pages, giving a list of all 
kinds of Teachers' Bibles. Both of these cata- 
logues are well illustrated, so as to enable pur- 
chasers to select the kind of books desired. 
Please send for our catalogue and 
prices before purchasing elsewhere. 

Last week was full of business and interest for 
the members of Mt. Morris. On Monday the 
Northern Illinois Mission Board met and trans- 
acted the business entrusted to their care. On 
Tuesday was the meeting of the General Mission 
Board, with all the members of the Board present. 
Most important and far-reaching business was 
transacted. The Bible class was also in session 
at the same time. These things all together mad 
a busy week for us. 

It is eaid that there is not a journal in the Unit- 
ed States that is avowedly infidel and hostile to 
Christianity. This hardly seems plausible, yet it 
should be remembered that straight-out infidelity 
is becoming unpopular, and there is so much de- 
pending upon Christianity that the world cannot 
afford to antagonize such an influence. While 
this state of affairs may not promote the simplic- 
ity and personal piety that greatly characterized 
the apostolic churches, it nevertheless speaks well 
for the world, and renders the present age a very 
desirable one in which to live. 

Sister Florida J. E Etter, of Cartersville, 
a., writes of much sickness in the family of late, 
and also of their loneliness without a shepherd, as 
they have no minister at present. It is to be 
hoped that the little band of members there may 
be favored with preaching in some manner. 

Bro. W. G. Cook, of South Dakota, while on 
his way home from a series of meetings, which he 
was conducting at Alpena, that State, was taken 
sick with La Grippe, and detained at Chamber- 
lain where he still remained when last heard from. 

One of our brethren canvassed his congregation 
and raised money enough to send two promising 
ministers here to attend the Bible Term. Both 
he and the church are to be commended for this 
act of kindness towards their hard-working minis- 

We have before us a lengthy letter, < 
the ministerial meeting held at Waynesborough, 
Pa., Dec. 10, 11 and 12, which was attended by 
about thirty ministers and others, who seem to 
have been edified as well as instructed. A good 
spirit pervaded the meetings and many excellent 
things were said that, are likely to do good. The 
ous topics before the meeting were freely and 
fully discussed, showing much zeal upon the part 
of the ministers in attendance. 

Bro. Daniel Vanibian, of McPherson, Kaus., 
was present and presided over the General Mis- 
sion Board at its meeting last week. He left for 
homo on Wednesday morning, where he is to de- 
liver a series of talks on "Church Government" 
duriug the Bible Term at that place. He speaks 
very highly of the ministerial meeting, recently 
held at Cerro Gordo, 111., saying that meetings of 
that class would certainly improve our ministers 
and enable them to do their work, as ministers, to 
much better advantage. 

The Bible Term opened Jan. 4 with a very good 
attendance, there being seven States represent- 
ed the first day. The number in attendance has 
increased considerably since then and the work is 
proving very interesting and instructive. We 
have not been able to procure the names of all 
present, but we realize tbat there are more preach- 
ers in town than we ever saw here before. One 
class meets at 10 A, M., and other classes at 1, 3 
and C P. M. At seven each evening a discourse ie 
delivered, pertaining to some important line of Bi- 
ble study. Of this work we may have more to 
say further on. 

On his return from South Waterloo, Iowa, 
where he held a series of meetings recently, we 
recpaested Bro. Galen B. Royer to visit Cedar Rap- 
ids and write up the location of our nest Annual 
Meeting. His article will be found on the first 
page of this issue, and will prove very interesting 
to all of our readers. The people of Cedar Rap- 
ids are certainly to be commended for the liberal- 
ity and the interest taken in this Meeting. We 
cannot, at this time, remember an instance where 
a city has offered to do so much for an Annual 
Meeting. Our people certainly will greatly ap- 
preciate this liberality. 


Brethren, do not think that you cannot have a 
revival without an evangelist. Let the home min- 
isters and the members enter into the work in 
earnest, praying God to help them, and the meet- 
ing is sure to prove a revival indeed. There may 
not be many additions, and again there may be 
more than if they employed an evangelist, but if 
they trust God and do what is right, the members, 
preachers and all, will be greatly revived, and the 
meeting prove a grand success. We have hun- 
dreds of churches where the members need a thor- 
ough warming up and more of the grace of God 
in the heart, aud if they will earnestly enter into 
the work themselves, the blessing will be sure to 

Owing to circumstances which will appear fur- 
ther on, this letter will be a digression from " Our 
Wanderings in the Old World." 

The unexpected is constantly coming to us in 
this life. We lay plans and they are set aside, 
we look forward to the consummation of work up- 
on which we have set our hearts, and that which 
seems so important to us is placed beyond our 
reach by that Unseen Hand which guides all hu- 
man affaire. We were never more forcibly im- 
pressed with this truth than when, on Jan. 5, we 
sat in our own home, in Mt. Morris, with the 
General Missionary Committee and heard a letter 
read, which we had written at Paris, calling then* 
attention to the wants of the Danish and Swedish 
Mission, in which we expressed a strong de- 
sire to meet with them, but stated further that as 
we were following out our plan of travel it would 
be impossible for us to enjoy that pleasure. How 
little we thought when we wrote that letter in the 

Jan. 12, 1892. 


capital of France, last November, that we should 
meet with the Committee in January and again 
enjoy the blessing of our own home. 

Had our planB been carried out, we should, at 
this time, be wandering in the land of the Pha- 
raohs or crossing the desert on our pilgrimage to 
Jerusalem. As it is, we are at home, and oh, what 
a meaning the word has to the weary travelers! 
How little we know of the future and what it is to 
bring to us! How we plan and arrange and then 
the paths we have marked out are never pressed 
by our feet. 

But we are fully persuaded that the Lord rules 
in human affaire. Long ago we committed our 
going and coming to him and we Bubmit without 
a niurmur to what might have the appearance of a 
great disappointment. We can only know now 
that for some cause our trip to the East had to be 
abandoned and deferred. Why a combination of 
circumstances occurred to bring about this result, 
we cannot now know, and here we rest the case, 
knowing that all things work together for good to 
them that love the Lord. 

To our readers we give the following explana- 
tion of the causes which led us to defer, for the 
present, our trip to the East. Soon after reaching 
London we received notice that the cholera was 
raging in the East, an 1 that it had broken out in 
Damascus. Later came the information that all 
the ports in Syria including the Palestine sea- 
ports were quarantined, and that the various 
steamer lines on the Mediterranean had stopped 
running to Syria and Palestine. Hero was an ob- 
stacle in the way which we could not overcome. 
We, however, concluded to wait, hoping for a fa- 
vorable issue. We went to Paris, and while there 
met the general manager of the continental and 
eastern lines of travel. He was very kind to us and 
gave us much valuable information. Juet before we 
left Paris he said to us, " I Bhall advise you not to 
attempt to visit Palestine this winter. The chol- 
era is there now; it may abate later in the season, 
but you are entirely unused to the climate, the 
seeds of the disease will be there, and if you come 
in contact with the disease you will fall a victim 
to it." This advice we decided to follow. 

We then thought of spending the winter in Eu- 
rope, and had some hopes of returning to Den- 
mark and Sweden, to labor in the mission there, 
but owing to the failure of wife's health, and after 
advising with those competent to give advice in 
the case, we concluded that it would be best for us 
to return to our home. In comirjg to this conclu- 
sion, we sought the guidance of the Divine Hand, 
and as the way was closed to us in Asia, and open 
for us to America, we took the open way, as it ap- 
peared to us, at the time, by the Lord's direction. 
We spoke of the disappointment. At first we 
felt it keenly. We had spent a good deal of time 
and money in pieparing for the trip. Over one 
hundred volumes of the best works on Egypt and 
Palestine had been purchased, and many of them 
carefully read and studied. We had left our 
home at a great sacrifice to both of us, and much 
greater to wife than we realized at the time. We 
had braved the dangers of an ocean voyage, 
had purchased tickets for at least a part of the 
eastern trip, and after all the way was closed. To 
give up a work upon which the heart is set, is not 
always easy to do. But we had placed it all in 
the hands of the Lord, and aTe glad to bay that 
we have not a single regret, personal to ourselves. 
While we felt the disappointment, it has never 
caused us a moment's worry. 

But there is to us a matter of regret in the 
thought that others may be disappointed. Some, 
we know, were quite anxious to have the series of 
letters from the East, aud some may have sub- 
scribed for the Messenger to secure them. Thero 
will, no doubt, be some disappointment felt by 
these, and, on their account, we are sorry and 
wish wo might have been enabled to go on with 
our journey, but we trust that they will bear with 
the slight loss. They are not alone in this. 
Counting the cost of the trip to Europe, and re- 
turn, and the tickets for the eastern trip, still un- 
used, a good portion of the entire expense of the 
trip to the East had beeu met, and the meeting of 
the expense has beeu a matter entirely personal 
to ourselves AVe only refer to this to show our 
readers that we have tried to do our part, 

Ab to what is to come, we have notes from 
which, if the Lord will, a number of letters will 
be written, covering the ground of our wander- 
ings in the Old World. Some letters will also be 
given, oufside of our line of travel. These letters 
will run through a portion of the current volume 
of the Messenger. We believe they will be in- 
teresting and instructive. If, however, when the 
letters close, any who were induced to sub- 
scribe for the paper on account of the promised 
letters, feel dissatisfied, they will notify us, and 
the money for the unexpired part of their sub- 
scription will be refunded. We believe but few 
will make this demand when all the circumstances 
are taken into consideration, but we feel that it is 
but just and right that this offer be made. 

Our trip to the East and the Lands of the Bi- 
ble is Bimply deferred for the present. If the 
Lord so wills it, and the way opens, we still have 
the desire to go on with the work. If not, we ex- 
press the hope that, what has already been accom- 
plished in that direction, may be an inspiration to 
others to take up the work. It rests to-day, so 
far as we are concerned, where it has rested these 
many years, in the hands of the Lord, and there 
we leave it, knowing right well that he will direct 
it all for our good. 

Our home-coming was pleasant to us. AVe 
sailed from Bremerhaven Dec. 15, in company 
with Bro. Hope and Prof. Cravens. After a 
rough winter voyage we landed in New York Dec. 
24, and reached home Jan. 2, just six months, less 
two days, from the time we started on our wan- 
derings, and now we are at home. Another jour- 
ney ended ! When we met those we loved at the 
depot, and received their warm greeting and 
hearty welcome home, we were so glad and happy, 
and then we thought of the end of another jour- 
ney, of another home-coming, of another welcome 
and greeting. If the greeting of loved ones 
brings joy to our hearts here, "oh, what will it be 
over there! " To the weary traveler and the tired 
wanderer, home is doubly dear. So to those who 
are but pilgrims here, who seek a better country, 
the desire to go home becomes stronger as they 
plod on their weary way, and when the summons 
comes, how glad they are to go! How joyfully 
they cross over the river, and how they can sing 
as they go home: 

" Friends fondly cherished, have passed on before; 
Waiting, they watch me approaching the shore; 
Singing to cheer me through death's chilling gloom; 
Joyfully, joyfully haste to thy home. 
Sounds of sweet melody fall on my ear; 
Harps of the blessed, your voices I hear! 
Rings with the harmony heaven's high dome- 
Joyfully, joyfully haste to thy home." 

May the Lord help us all to be ready, so that, 
when the summons comes to go home, we may 
joyfully and gladly gol D- L> jr. 




Number Fifteen. 
London.— St, Paul's Cathedral— 'Westminster Abbey. 

Three weeks in London enabled us to see some- 
thing of the great city outside of the various col- 
lections of antiquities in which we were so much 
interested and of which we have written at con- 
siderable length. Among other places we visited 
aud spent some time in St. Paul's Cathedral and 
Westminster Abbey; both of these churches are of 
great historical interest and well worth a visit. 
We also spent considerable time in the London 
Tower, a fortress, a prison, and a palaca, in which 
have boen enacted scenes of such horrible cruelty 
that it would seem that the very stones would 
have cried out against the inhumanity of some of 
the kings and queens of England. From the 
Tower we went to Windsor Castle, the favorite 
residence of Queen Victoria, who has been on the 
throne fifty-four years. 

As a rnle, we do not oare to spend muoh time 
in writing descriptions of palaces, picture galler- 
ies, and fine buildings. We are much more inter- 
ested in the study of the home life of the common 
people. The former have beeu the subject of 
newspaper and magazine articles by the thousand. 
Over and over again the towns and cities have 
been. described, but very little has been written as 
to how the masses of the people live. Of course, 
our stay in England was much too short to give 
attention to the customs of the people, and we 
shall not attempt to write upou them. But there 
are a number of places in great centers of popula- 
tion, like London and Paris, around which cluster 
so many important historical events that we think 
well to give our readers a brief sketch of them, 
and we devote this letter to London and a few of 
its most important places of interest. 


is London's most important building. Standing, 
as it does, in the very heart of the great metropo- 
lis, it has been, not unaptly, called the capitol of 
the city. The site upon which the present build- 
ing stands was occupied by a church, built by the 
early Christians during the Roman period, which 
was destroyed by the Saxon Pagans and rebuilt 
by king Ethelbert A. D. 610. This was burned 
down in 961 and restored within a year. Again 
the edifice suffered from fire, and it was not until 
1675 that the present building was begun and car- 
ried to completion in 1710, at a cost of nearly four 
million dollars. It is built in the form of a cross 
and is 600 feet long; the arms of the croas, or 
transepts are 250 feet in length and 118 feet in 
width. The dome is 112 feet in diameter and 225 
feet high inside. The area is about 8,500 square 

Some idea of the vast extent of the building 
may be formed by the following comparison. The 
school buildings at Mt. Morris, three in number, 
could be placed in one end of the cathedral and 
would take up less than one-third of its length, in 
the other end the Huntingdon school buildings 
could be placed and there would be a distance of 
200 feet between them and Mt. Morris. McPher- 
son College would find ample room in one arm 
and Lordsburg in the other, and Bridgewater 
could be easily accommodated in the center under 
the vast dome. After these were all thus placed 


12, 1892. 

within St. Paul's Cathedral there would be space 
enough left to build several dormitories. 

Near the church stands the celebrated cross of 
St Paul. Here, at one time, sermons were 
preached in the open air, and heretics were made 
to recant, or were sent to the Tower to be tortured. 
Here, too, the so-called witches were brought to 
confession and sent to the stake to be burned, and 
here the Pope's condemnation of Martin Luther 
was publicly read in the presence of Cardinal 

The interior of the church impressed us at flret 
with the beauty and vastuees of its proportion?. 
The mind does not readily grasp the immense 
size of the building. The first feeling is one of 
awe, and this is intensified by the gloom and dark- 
ness that hang over the interior. It is but poor- 
ly lighted, and the groups of statuary, many of 
them in white marble, standing out from the walls, 
give a kind of ghostly look to the place as you 
first enter it. Singular as it may seem, thiB great 
temple, dedicated to the worship of the Prince of 
Peace, has been converted into a temple of fame. 
It is a gallery of Bculpture in which monuments 
have been erected to commemorate the daring 
deeds of England's war-like heroes, aDd many of 
them are, to say the least, in exceedingly bad 
taste. Here are set forth, in glowing terms, the 
deeds of great warriors, and their statues in white 
marble stand out in bold relief against the dark 
walls, If the Master were to enter St. Paul's Ca- 
thedral he might well say, It is written, my house 
shall be called a houBe of prayer but ye have made 
it a house of war. 

If St. Paul's Cathedral is a temple of fame then 


may well be called the Mausoleum of royalty. 
But it is not only the last resting-place of kings 
and queens and their offspring, but here are to be 
found the tombB of statesmen, warriors, poets, act- 
ors, scholars, theologians, scientists, artists, au- 
thors, physicians and philosophers, all sleeping 
their last sleep beneath its pavement. It is not 
only a temple of fame but a charnel-house of the 
world's great men and women. To be buried 
within its walls is considered to be the highest 
honor that can be conferred on the remains of hu 
man greatness. The interior of the church, with 
its hundreds of tombs, is dark and gloomy and 
peculiar feeling of solemn awe presses down upon 
us as we enter its portals. Our own Irving giveB 
his impression of the place in these words: "The 
spaciousness and gloom of this vast edifice pro- 
duces a profound and mysterious awe. We step 
cautiously and softly about, as if fearful of dis- 
turbing the hallowed silence of the tomb; while 
every footfall whispers along the walls, and chat- 
ters among the sepulchres, making us more sensi- 
ble of the quiet we havo interrupted. It seems as 
if the awful nature of the place presses down up- 
on the soul, and hushes the beholder into noise- 
less reverence. "We feel that we are surrounded 
by the congregated bones of the great men of past 
times, who have filled history with their deeds, 
and the earth with their renown." 

Such feelings as these impressed us as we wan- 
dered silently through the gloomy building, tread- 
ing unconsciously at almost every step upon the 
stones that cover the graves of men who have, as 
the world estimates greatness, left great names be- 
hind them. Here we notice the tomb of Chaucer 
who died in 1400, and who has been called the fa- 
ther of English poetry. Here we Btaud by the 

graves of Milton, Shakespeare, Goldsmith, Uurus, 
Dickens, Campbell, Addison and Macaulay, all 
well known in the literary world. The Wesleys, 
both John and Charles, with Watts, whose beau- 
tiful hymns we bo often sing, are buried in the 
Abbey. Here, too, in a richly-adorned chapel, 
rest many of the kiugs and queens of England 
Here is the tomb of George III, under whose 
reign American independence was gaiued. Here 
reposes all that is mortal of Queen Elizabeth and 
her unfortunate rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, who 
was beheaded by order of Elizabeth in 1587. In 
this one chapel there are more than one hundred 
statues and figuiee. 

It seemed strange, indeed, to wander among 
these old tombs and have the history studied in 
our school days come back fresh to the memory, as 
we see the graves of those whose names make the 
pages of English history for mauy centuries. 

What a coming forth from this old church there 
will be when the last trump shall sound and the 
earth and sea shall give up their dead I Royalty, 
nobility, and earth's millions of poor toilers will 
stand upon the same platform before the Judge of 
all the world. Titles and fame will avail nothing 
in that great day. The soul, rich in spirituality 
and the love of God and of humanity, though 
counted but poor in the eyes of the world, will 
stand immeasurably above and far outshine, in the 
end, the kings and queens who oppressed human- 
ity, lived lives of licentiousness, and dealtiurapine 
and murder, as did some of those who sleep in 
Westminster Abbey. Such thoughts come to us 
as we look upon the graves of some of the bloody 
and cruel men and women who once ruled Eng- 
land with a rod of iron. Death is a mighty lev- 
eler and respects not the persons of the great, and 
in the last day there will be an evening up of hu- 
man affairs. Bight, and not might, will triumph 
in the end. 

The old church dates back to the year 616 when 
the first building was erected by King Sebert and 
was afterward destroyed by the Danes. It was 
again restored by King Edgar in 985, and in the 
latter half of the thirteenth century it was entire- 
ly rebuilt by Edward I, and, with some additions 
and repairs, it remains substantially the same as 
it was left by his builders. Like St. Paul the Ab- 
bey is built in the shape of a croBfl, and is longer 
but not so wide as the former. The nave is 513 
feet long and 75 feet wide, while the transepts, or 
arms are 200 feet long and 80 feet wide. The in- 
terior presents, in some respects, the appearance 
of a vast gallery of sculpture. Hundreds of stat- 
ues and memorial groups, cut by the sculptor's 
hand, mark the graves of the dead. The place is 
well worth a visit and a careful study on account 
of its rich historical associations. 

The Abbey has been the scene of the coronation 
of the sovereigns of England for many centuries. 
Here is to be seen the coronation chair of oak, 
made by order of Edward I, 800 years ago. Be- 
neath the seat of the chair, in a receptacle pre- 
pared for it, is the famous stone which tradition 
says is the one used by the Patriarch Jacob as a 
pillow when he slept and dreamed at Bethel. It 
was for many years held as the emblem of power 
by the rulers of Scotland, and was brought to 
England in 1297 by Edward, as a token of the com- 
plete subjection of that country, and placed under 
the seat of the coronation chair, in which every 
monarch of England has been crowned since that 
date. The stronghold that the tradition concern- 
ing this stone has upon tbp mind of enlightened 

England will strike our readers as being singular, 
but it must be remembered that in Europe much 
more faith is placed in the traditions relating to 
sacred relics than is possible in our country. 
Whether those who are crowned in the chair be- 
lieve that the stone is really what is claimed for it 
or not we do not know, but Victoria was crowned, 

d her successor, if she have one, will receive the 
diadem, in that same old chair. 

The following historical incident, to which our 
attention was called by the usher in the Abbey, il- 
lustrates the vindictive spirit and unreasoning 
hatred that ruled in the hearts of the kings of 
England during the latter half of the seventeenth 
century. When Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Pro- 
tector of England, died, his body was laid to rest in 
the old church. A few years later monarchy was 
again restored, and by order of the King his body 
was taken up, beheaded, and cast into a common 
grave. His head was placed on an iron spire, 
where it remained for about thirty years. This 
was the same spirit that burned the body of Wick- 
liffe after his death and scattered his ashes in the 
river. Surely the world has grown better in some 
respects than it was two hundred years ago. At 
least humanity is more humane now than it then 

We might give page after page of interesting 
description of Westminster Abbey, but what we 
have given will suffice. Oar letters are apt to 
grow too long and we muBt guard against that too. 


" Write what thou seest, and send it unto the churches." 

(3?-Church News solicited for this Department. If you have had a 
good n.eeting, send a report of it, bo that others may rejoice with you. 
In writing give name of church, County and State. Be brief. Notes of 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited lor this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if neces- 
sary, will issue supplements. 

Prom Bourbon, Ind, 

I commenced a series of meetings here, in the 
Yellow River church, Nov. 28, and closed last 
night, with a full house and good interest. As an 
immediate result of the meeting one young man 
came out on the Lord's side and was baptized, and 
there were others that expressed a desire to be in 
the church, but were not quite ready. 

I expect to be at home a few days and then go 
to the Donald's Creek church, Clarke Co., Ohio, to 
commence a meeting on the evening of Dec. 24. 
We expect, God being our helper, to be in the 
work most of the time this winter, and we ask the 
prayers of the church, that wo may be the means 
of doing some good iu the church of the Living 
God, and give God all the praise! 

Daniel Snell. 

Dec. 17. 

From the Stony Creek Church, Ind. 

Having occasion to spend a« few weeks in In- 
dianapolis, Ind, I, by inquiry, learned of the Sto- 
ny Creek church, the nearest organized church of 
the Brethren to the city. On Ssturday evening, 
Dec. 5, I met with the Brethren at the Stony 
Creek house, where Bro. Geo. L. Studebaker was 
conducting a series of meetings. 

Dec. 8 nnd 9 I attended the Brethren's Minis- 
terial Meeting of the Southern District of Indiana, 
held in the Arcadia church. Here I formed the 
acquaintance of a number of the Indiana Brethren, 
and listened with pleasure and profit to the dis-. 
cnssion of the subjects before them. 

Again, Sunday, Dec. 13, by request, I met with 
the Stony Creek Brethren and preached for them. 
They seem to be zealous for the cause of Christ, 


12, 1892. 



and I Bhall long remember iheir kindness to me, a 
stranger among them. This church is under the 
eldership of Bro. J. H. Caylor, assisted in the 
ministry by brethren Smeltzer and Bercham. 

I write this for the benefit of any brethren or 
sisters, that may be living or stopping for a while 
in or about Indianapolis. They can have the 
privilege of church fellowship and service by tak- 
ing the Lake Erie & Western R. R., twenty-two 
miles north-eaBt to Noblesville, where you will be 
cared for by first notifying Bro. J. H. Caylor, No- 
blesville, Ind. John Bennett. 

Elbinsville, Pa., Dec. 17. 

From Ogden Centre, Lenawee Co., Mich, 

We are few in number, but are still striving, by 
the grace of God, to work for the Master. We 
held a series of meetings at Ogden Centre, in the 
Advent church. Eld. Perry McKimmy did the 
preaching. He preached the Word in its purity 
and with power. Three precious souls were made 
willing to forsake sin and join in with the chil- 
dren of God, to help spread the glad tidings of 
the Gospel. Others were near the kingdom, and 
we hope that the good seed sown may be as bread 
cast upon the waters. On account of not having 
a house of our own, we discontinued our meetings 
after the first week. The doctrines of the Gospel 
becoming too strong for our Advent elder, he said 
that we could have the house next evening only 
on condition that the brother would preach from 
the subject which he would give. The proposi- 
tion was accepted. At the close of the meeting 
the subject that he gave was on the change of the 
Sabbath. This the brother explained satisfacto- 
rily to a well-filled house, but not so satisfactorily 
to our Advent elder. The questions asked were 
all promptly answered. J. N. McKimmy. 

Call for a Minister. 

The little baud of members at this place is iso- 
lated, and would like very much if some brother, 
who is able to defend the cause, as taught by the 
Brethren, would locate among us. We are few in 
number, and in limited circumstances, but are 
willing to assist as far as able. Our church is 
known as the Sampson Hill church. For further 
particulars address the writer. 

Henry Tranter. 

Skoals, Martin Co., Ind. 


Here is another opportunity for a minister of 
limited means to make himself useful, This prac- 
tical way of calling for ministerial aid, we trust, 
will result in great good, both spiritually and 

A Trip to South Dakota, 

I boarded the 2 A. M. train at New Hampton, 
Iowa, for Kimball, S. D., where I was met at 6 
P. M., by Bro. Peterson, of the Bijou Hills 
church. The next morning I started with Bro. 
Peterson in a lumber wagon for Bijou Hills, — a 
distance of twenty-five miles, nearly Soutli-weBt 
from Kimball. I reached Bro. W. G. Cook's 
about one o'clock P. M., where we were kindly 
received by Bro. and sister Cook. After a little 
rest we started with Bro. Cook and family for the 
place of meeting, where we found the dear breth- 
ren and sisters assembled to celebrate the suffer- 
ings and death of our blessed Lord. It was a 
feast to all present. The meetings were continued 
until the inclemency of tlje weather forbade 
further work. 

There are about forty members in this church, 
and a more active, zealous and devoted member- 
ship is seldom seen. Bro. W. G. Cook has the 

oversight of the little ilock and is aided in the 
ministry by brethren John McLean and W. E. 
Root, — both worthy brethren, young in the minis- 
try, but bidding fair to become efficient workmen 
in the Louse of the Lord. These two brethren 
were forwarded to the second degree of the minis- 
try, while I was there, aud one deacon was elected. 
The church is in a good working condition. 

The brethren here are laboring under many 
dUdvantages. They had short crops and a long 
way to market. Failures in crops have kept them 
down financially, but the last year's bountiful 
harvest has helped tliein considerably. One of 
the greatest difficulties, with which they have to 
contend, is the lack of a suitable place wherein to 
hold meetings Their school-houses are too emalj, 
and having no meeting-house, they rent a Grand 
Army Hall for summer uae. Being poorly con- 
structed, it cannot be kept comfortable in cold 
weather, and even this Hall cau only be rented 
for a month at a time, and the result is they are 
ob'iged to discontinue their regular meetings 
during the winter. M- H. Fowler. 

Fredericksburg, lawn. 

From Cartersville, Va, 

Bro. Bowser and family left us last Thursday, 
which makes ub feel quite sad, as we thought that 
this was the place for him, but we give all things 
over into the hands of him who doeth all things 
well. A good work can be done here. Who will 
respond? There is plenty of work hero for two 
ministers. I read in the Gospel Messenger 
some time ago a sketch, written by Bro. F. M. 
Bowers, of New Stark, Ohio, and others, wishing 
to locate in South-eastern Virginia. We would be 
glad to have them among us, We have a church- 
house, but very few inembei'B. Bro. Mallory 
wrote to him as soon as he read the article, and 
yesterdoy received the letter again from the Dead 
Letter Office. I take this method of letting him 
know our need, and trust that he will respond to 
the call. Florida J. E. Etter. 

Dec. 19. 

From Cherry Grove, 111. 

Buo. Samuel Lehman, from Lee County, 111., 
has been holding meetings with us during the 
past week. The meetings closed last night with 
good and growing interest. Sinners have been 
warned of the great danger, and old soldiers of 
the cress have been made to feel that it is good to 
wait on the Lord. The church has been much re- 
vived and we believe God's name has been glori- 
fied. We hope our brother will come again and 
help to cheer us on our earthly pilgrimage. Mes- 
sages from the East and West this morning tell 
us of much sickness and many deaths among the 
young and the old. The question comes forcibly 
to our mind, " Are we God's children and are we 
living for heaven and happiness? " 

Jas. H. Larkins. 

Dec. 21. 

From Wichita, Kans. 

We came here last spring to take charge of the 
church, and are now trying to hold regular meet- 
ings in the city. We meet with much that is in 
the way. We have no meeting-house in the city, 
but are trying to raise funds to build or buy one. 
Most of the members here are in limited circum- 
stances. Then, too, some in the church are not 
favorable to having meetings or Sunday-school in 
the city. 

Bro. Eby was with us a short time ago in coun- 
cil. He was called here to assist in forwarding 
brethren A. L. Snowberger and Charles Deip to 
the second degree of tho ministry, AH passed off 

satisfactorily. Bro. Eby preached two forcible 
discourses in the city, on Christian work, that 
were calculated to stir up drones, unless, indeed, 
they were too far gone to be moved by human in- 

We have rented, for the present, the Congrega- 
tional church on Fifteenth Street, where we hold 
Sunday-school and meetings. Brethren, passing 
through here, will be kindly taken care of if they 
will stop over. William Johnson. 

From the Mission Field in Idaho and Washington. 

Our Communion meeting at Moscow, Oct. 24, 
was one of unusual interest. We also had a good 
meeting on Thanksgiving Day. We cannot re- 
port as many additions as we would like, still, ad- 
ditions are not always a proof of success. To 
maintain order, peace, love and fellowship is most 
essential to prosperity. When such is the case, 
additions will be tho natural outgrowth. 

We have now been at Moscow one year, aud 
have learned something of tho magnitude of mis- 
sion work in this broad field, which is becoming 
larger all the time. Calls come from all direc- 
tions, where there are one or more members at a 
place. They say, "Come; we have not heard a 
brother preach for years. We want our children 
to hear the Gospel in its purity." 

There are points of interest we visited last May 
that we have not had time to visit since. The 
field is largo, aud the workers are few. I would 
rejoice if our Mission Board could send two good 
missionaries to this field. One is needed in the 
north; one in tho south. Men are needed, sound 
in faith, sound in principle, able and willing to 
maintain the principles of our great Brotherhood. 
We want men for new fields that are sociable to 
all classes, — men that hold forth -the Truth with 
boldness; men who know no surrender and are 
not easily discouraged. New fields require time 
and patience, and men who will settle down to 
the work and stay until tho work is permanently 
established, We like visitors, but their stay is 
too short to accomplish much. 

Sidney Hododen. 

Moscow, Idaho, Dec. 22. 

Notes of Travel. 

Wife and I left homo Dec. 1, en route for the 
Salt River Valley, Arizona, of which we had 
heard much, concerning its mild climate, fruit 
productions, etc. In company with about twenty 
of our friends and acquaintances we left Kansas 
City over the M. K. & T. R. It., and arrived at 
Fort Worth, Tex., on the evening of the 2nd. 
Here we had some time to wait, which we spent 
in looking about the City. Among the many 
things of interest I will only mention one, tho 
Natatorium, supplied with water by an artesian 
well, 1,400 feet deep, sending forth a stream about 
six inches in diameter. Here one can take any 
kind of bath he may wish. Proceeding to El 
Paso, where we again have some time for sight- 
seeing, we cross the Rio Grande River into the 
old town of Paso del Norte, Mex. Here we in- 
spect the old Catholic church, erected about 300 
years ago, and which is in a good state of preser- 
vation. Here is to be seen the embalmed body 
of the priest who met a violent death a great 
many years ago. Blood on his temple and face 
can be plainly seen. 

Leaving El Paso, we are again carried over the 
desert. Along the way we see some giant cactus, 
fifteen feet high, with large arms extending later- 
ally. This, in addition to smaller kinds of cactus 
and sage brush, is about all one sees until we 
reach the Valley, which is a veritable garden of 
verdure, wherever it is brought under cultivation, 


and watered by the complete B) a tt-iii of irrigation 
in use. Space will not permit a fall description 
of all that is to be seen iu this wonderful vale. 
The genial sunshine matures fruits of rII kinds, 
similar to thoso of Southern California, as well as 
ornamental trees, vines, etc. Cattle in large num- 
bers, and stock of other kinds, are found here, 

We spent some time in riding over the country, 
visiting Phrcnix, tho cnpital of the Territory, a 
beautiful city, provided with water for irrigation. 
The water-courses through the streets have trees 
planted on each side, and these look as green now 
as our trees do here iu June. Phoenix lays claim 
to having one of the largest date-palms in the 
United States, and a population of from 8,000 to 
9,000. An orange grove, fig orchard and ostrich 
ranch were also visited. I inquired of the people 
as to their experience, regarding the heat of sum- 
mer, which is Baid by some to be unbearable, but 
was told that the heat is not more oppressive 
than in Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, Illi- 
nois and other States,— the former homes of those 

We expect to make our future home among its 
kind, open-hearted, friendly citizens, who seem 
auxicus to welcome among them a good, Bober, in- 
dustrious people. Whili- there are no members at 
present that we know of, yet we have hope of 
some going along or following soon, that wo may 
have the association of Brethren, and build up a 
church for the Master in that favored locality. 

After a prosperous journey, we arrived at home 
Dec. 21, and found all well, for which we feel 
thankful. P. J. Eisenbise. 

Morrill, Kans., Dec 24. 

Prom tho Manor Church, Md. 

By request of the above-named church I met 
with them on the evening of Dec. 6. The nisi 
evening we had a comparatively Bina.ll congrega- 
tion. There were several other meetings in prog, 
rees in the neighborhood, but the attendance and 
interest at our meetings continued to increase un- 
til the 15th, when we boarded the train for home. 
We much regretted to leave the place, Beeing the 
great love and affection twining around the hearts 
of God's dear children, but duty called us else- 
where. If so much love and affection twines 
around our hearts hero, O, what must it be where 
no farewell tears will be shed! As an immediate 
result of the meetings seventeen dear souls were 
added to the church by baptism. The Manor 
church consists of a well-disciplined body of 
members, and ie presided over by Eld. Daniel 
Long, one of the old standard-bearers. His co- 
laborers are brethren Daniel Wolf and Jacob 
Bricker, — a corps of ministers that not only 
preach the Gospel from the pulpit, but, iu their 
daily walk and conduct, are constant sermons. 
Silas Hoover. 

Boynton, Pa. 

From Scullton, Pa. 

The love feast at the County Line meeting- 
house, Indian Creek congregation occurred Oct. 
17. The feast was largely attended and, consider- 
ing the crowded house, the conduct was very 
good. On Sunday, at 10 A. M , the writer tried 
to set forth the reasons, why the Brethren church 
asks applicants to discard all secret orders before 
baptism. Though the full house no doubt con- 
tained many members of different orders, yet the 
marked attention seemed to iudicute that my ef- 
fort was appreciated. The meeting at night was 
also well attended. During the week that pre- 
ceded the feast Bro. H. A. Stahl conducted a se- 
ries of meetings at a school-house in the bounds 
of said congregation, and on the day before the 
feast he baptized eight. According to various re- 

porte have we not great reason to rejoice that so 
enlisting under the blncd-stained ban- 
ner of Jesus Christ, — the Captain of our salvation? 

The clouds that have hung over this congrega- 
tion are disappearing. As there is but one Shep- 
herd, we hope ere long there will bd but one fold. 
John 10: 16. Some aie almost persuaded to re- 
turn. May we not say in tho language of the po- 
et, "Return, O wanderers, return?" 

G. W. Lowry. 

Dec. 24. 

From English Prairie, Ind. 

The members of the English Prairio church, of 
La Grange Co., Ind., held their quarterly council 
on Saturday, Dec. 20 Considerable business 
came before the council, and was disposed of with 
a good feeliug. We have had no one heretofore, 
to report from this church, and, in order to have 
this attended fo in the future, the writer was se- 
lected for that purpose. Our elder is Peter Long, 
who is assisted in the ministry by brethren EU 
Shrosk, John V. Felthouse, N. H. Shutt and Tost 

We hope that the Gospel Messenger may 
bring us good news for the coming year. There 
is no other paper published, that affords us such 
wholesome food. May the Good Lord bleBs all 
those brethren who are engaged in publishing the 
same. John Long. 

Brighton, Tnd 7 Dec 29. 

Notes from the Second District of West Virginia. 

An interesting series of meetings was recently 
held at, Ross's Chapel, Marion Co., W. Va. Bro. 
G. W. Ann on began to preach Dec. 12, at the 
above-named place, and preached five sermons. 
Then the writer continued until Dec. 21, deliver- 
ing seven more discourses. During the whole 
meeting the audience was large, and marked at- 
tention was paid to the Word preached. During 
the meeting Bister Jane Sanders was aoointed, ac- 
cording to James 5. Sister Sanders (after th* 
anointing) expressed herself as being glad that 
she had obeyed the Lord in his command. 
Many tears flowed during and after the anointing, 
and my prayer is that those that heard her talk, 
may never forget her good council. Two made 
application for membership and will be baptized 
(if the Lord will) at our next meeting day. Oth 
era were near the kingdom! May they not pro 
crastinate! The Brethren are in peace. We had 
a glorious council, at which all things passed oil' 
in peace. Z Annon. 

Thornton, W. Fa., Dec. 23. 

From Union City, Intl. 

The church at this place 16 still eugeged in the 
the Master's business, and is in good working con- 
dition. Bro. CrosHwhite, of Gratis, Ohio, came to 
our Hill Grove house Doc. 7, and commenced 
preaching to our people, closing Dee. 20. Provi- 
dence seemed to smile on us by giving remarka- 
bly hue weather, good roads and bright nights. 
Tho interest was good, and increased unto the 
close. The house was too email to accommodate 
the large crowd of interested hearers, 

We feel that Bro. Crosswhite faithfully and fully 
discharged his duty in impressing upon the mem- 
bers the importance of being living epistles, 
read and known of men, urging a faithful, prac- 
tical, consecrated adherence to the order of the 
church and the teachings of tho Gospel. He also 
urged the unconverted to be reconciled to God. 
There were no accessions. Saturday, Dec. 19, 
was our quarterly council-meeting, at which con- 
siderable business was transacted 

We have arranged to have some meetings at 

another point, commencing Christmas Day. We 
expect Bro. I. J. Rosenberger to begin a series of 
meetings at our Brick house near this city. We 
are looking forward to the time with great inter- 
est. W. R SiMMOns, 

From the Sand Brook Church, N. J. 

Bro. Albert Hollinger, of Huntsdale, Pa., 
began to preach for us Dec. o and continued two 
weeks. He preached the Word with power, and 
to the satisfaction of all lovers of the Truth. The 
constantly growiag attendance was a proof that 
the Word preached was favorably received by 
both the church and those standing without. 
Bro. Hollinger did not only preach the Word, but 
he visited from house to house, impressing every- 
where the necessity of standing shoulder to shoul- 
der, if we mean to have God's blessings upon our 
efforts. We feel that his labors in this direction 
were appreciated by many, and we believe good 
results will follow. God grant it be so! 

Owing to sickness and death in the neighbor- 
hood, as also on account of Bro. Hollinger's 
health, the ineetiuga were closed earlier than they 
otherwise would have closed. Bro. Hollinger has 
the warmest thanliB of the brethren and others 
he"re for his faithful labors among us. The Lord 
bless him as he goes to other fields of labor. 

O. K. Faoss. 

From Franklin Grove, 111, 

The series of meetings, which commenced Nov- 
17, conducted by Bro. J. C. Murray, of Nappanee, 
Ind., in the Bock River church, closed on the 
night of Dec. 27. The immediate number 
prompted to act were two, husband and wife, the 
husband leing pest eighty years of age. They 
were baptized Dec 20. A sister also made applica- 
tion to be restored. The question might be asked 
whether this old brother was all these years out 
of Christ. He was not, as he felt or had been 
taught. He, probably from early manhood, had 
accepted the religion of his country and, sgain, 
probably he may have never had the opportunity 
of hearing the GoBpel preached, as Bro, Murray 
preached it, for he did not shun to preach to us a. 
pure Gospel. 

A number of young people, during these meet- 
ings, were strongly impressed with their duty of 
taking up their cross and following Christ. May 
they keep in mind the solemn though t that, if they 
let pass by this opportunity unimproved, when, 
oh when, will the Spirit's wooing influence return 
again? C. H. Hawbecker. 

From Alpena, S. Dak. 

Eld. W. G. Cook, of Bijou Hills, commenced a 
series o£ meetings with \is on the evening of Dec. 
14. He preached, in all. eleven sermons, cheer- 
ing the hearts of the pilgrims. Tho interest was 
very good during hi» .--lay with us, excepting the 
last few evenings when there was a falling off 
on account of Li Grippe coming among ne. 
In a very short time nearly every family was 
somewhat afflicted. Some of our own dear ones 
were very ill. Under the circumstances Brc. Cook 
thought best to discontinue our meetings, and 
he preached his last sermon on tho evening of 
Dec. 23. On the morning of Dec. 24 he started 
for his home. - Upon his arrival at Chamberlain, 
he was taken with a severe attack of La Grippe, 
and has not been able to be moved from the hotel 
since. Bro. John McLean and Bro. Miller came 
to his assistance, as soon as they received word 
from him. Bro. Cook's folks at home did not get 
any word from him until Saturday afternoon. At 
that time, Arthur, his son, had gone to Kimball 



Upon hie return be and hio mother started for 
Chamberlain, but sister Cook could only remain 
until Sunday afternoon, when she had to return 
home because they left the two little boys Bick. 
Bro. Cook reports that he cannot be moved for a 
week or more. 

There was one death from La Grippe in our 
vicinity. At this writing my folks are some bet- 
ter, and I am able to sib up and make this report, 
though I am very nervous. Dear saints, remem- 
ber us and also Bro. Cook's family in your 
prayers! B. F. Miller. 

Dec. 30. ___^__ 

Lower Stillwater Notes. 

Last night closed a very interesting series of 
meetings with us. Dec. 12 Bro. L. W. Teeter, of 
Hagerstown, Iud., came to us and began meet- 
ings, which continued each night until Dec. 28. 
Some day meetings were also held. 

The inquiring mind wonders why the day meet- 
ings are not better attended during such a series. 
The minister leaves his home affairs for weeks at 
a time, and comes into a community because of 
his general interest in the welfare of the church 
and the salvation of souls. Why, then, can we not 
have special interest in our own children, neigh- 
bors and friends, and unite in the special effort 
with our presence and pray ere? 

As an immediate result one young sister chose 
the good part with the people of God. Others 
are near, — so near that it takes all their power to 
keep them out. 

We do not feel to measure the success of the 
meeting by the number of accessions alone. The 
members have been much built up and estab- 

We are keeping up an evergreen Sunday-school 
this winter. Instead of closing in the fall, as 
usual, we re-organized, choosing as Superintend- 
ent, Bro. W. W. Barnhart, who, since our last re- 
port, has been called to the ministry. 

Our force has also been increased by Bro. 
Wm. Bowser, who has been laboring in Eastern 
Virginia the past year. Jan. 30 we intend to 
commence a series of meetings in our Upper 
house. Bro, Dan. P. Shively, of Peru, Ind., will 
be with us. L. A. Bookwalter. 

Trotwood, Ohio, D?c. 29. 

From Ladoga, Ind. 

Within the last year there have been forty-six 
additions to the church at this place. Twenty- 
one were baptized as a result of the efforts of our 
home ministers, and nineteen during our protract- 
ed meetings. Two were reclaimed and four were 
received by letter. This shows the result of a 
more systematic work on the part of our minis- 
ters than they had been doing heretofore. There 
has also been one death in the church, and two 
members have withdrawn. Our home ministers 
will begin a series cf meetings at the Bethel 
church-house, Jan. 30. 

Bro. Charlie Campbell came to us Dec. 12, and 
began a Beries of meefciDgs at Mt. Pleasant. He 
preached earnestly until Dec. 22, when he was 
called home to preach a funeral. Nest day he re- 
turned and continued meetings until Dec. 25, 
when the meetings closed with one addition by 
baptism. Charity Himes. 

Death of Eld. William McWhorter. 

The subjecfof this notice lived in the Four 
Mile congregation, and died of pneumonia, aged 
fifty-four years, two months and six days. 

Deceased was born in Franklin County, Ind, 
Oct. 17, 1837. He was a remarkably devout child, 
and in his youth united with the church. He 

s called to the ministry He V t 16, 1876, and to 
the eldership June 20, 189L. He was loved and 
respected by all who knew him- Nov. 1, 1866, he 
was married to Martha M. Stephens. To this un- 
ion wore born three children, one son and two 

He was married a second time Nov. 2, 1876, to 
Catherine Speer. The son having gone to rest 
four yeai's ago, Bro. William now leaves a wife, 
two daughters and a great number of friends who 
mouin their loss, which, we trust, is his eternal 
gain. During hie four days of illness, ho called 
for the elders of the church, and was anointed 
with oil in the name of the Lord. 

Tlio fauer.-il .rei'vl'. ■ ■:■ wt'iv r .ndm-l- d ;ii. hit; ivni- 

dence by Eld. Jacob L-ife from 1 Thees. 4: 13, 14, 
to a large coucourse of people. 

Edward M. Cobb. 
Bath, Ind. 

From the Spring Creek Church, Ind. 

Bro. Gorman Heeteu, of North Manchester, 
Iud., came to us, to till a few appointments at 
Sidney, in the absence of our home ministers. 
Seeing that there was a good interest, the breth- 
ren thought it advisable to confinue the meetings 
a few evenings. Thus we continued for two 
weeks, closing on Christmas evening with the very 
best of interest. Good attention wns paid to the 
brother's remarks during the entire meeting. 
This was Bro. Heeter's first effort to hold a series 
of meetings alone, but after ht-aring him, we can 
truly say that he is " a workman that needeth not 
to be ashamed." We had no accessions to the 
church, but we hope lhat niauy good impressions 
were made. E. Miller. 

To Tesas and Return. 

Nov. 10th wife and I started for Texas. At 
Kansas City we met Bro. A. M. Dickey, of Mel- 
bourne, Iowa. How thankful we felt that we, 
as Brethren, may know each other! 

South of Kansas City I opened my satchel and 
took out a roll of tracts and Messengers, which 
I distributed in several oars. They raised quite an 
excitement, and g ot us into quite a discussion with 
a.Campbellite and an elderly !ady of the Advent 
faith, but we felt that the doctrine of the Breth 
ren could b3 readily maintained. We arrive! at 
Miami, Texas, Dec. 13 at 11 P. M. Our five 
weeks' stay in Texa^ was in the Counties of Gray, 
Donley, "Wheeler and Lipscomb. We preached 
but once, and then tlie congregation was small, 
on account of rough winds or '" Northerners" as 
the people call them. 

The best way to preach in this part of Texas in 
the winter is according to Matt 10: 12, 13; Luke 
10: 5, G, 7- The people seem to take much inter- 
est in the preaching of the true Gospel. 

In Gray County Bro. John Stump's home is 
located. He is a minister in the second degree, 
with about eight members in that neighborhood. 
We found them strong in the faith and in good 
hopes of gettiug an organization soon. 

I had a desire to visit the Lipscomb church (it 
being the nearest point where there are Breth- 
ren), so Bro, Stump and I Btai ted for that point, 
taking with us the needed provisions, etc. After 
traveling about seventy miles, we found a brother 
and sister by the name of N. A, Gray, near Hick- 
ings, Texas. I need not tell you of the joy that 
our visit brought to them, as they had not seen 
any Brethren for nearly three years. They are 
the only members that are left in that part of the 
country. They live about twenty-five miles from 
Lipscomb, where the Brethren have a good 
church-house, which, however, is not in use now. 
Gray County is now the place where the Breth- 
ren are locating, and, I think, with a good effort on 
their part, and some help from the Mission Board, 

the way of a missionary, to work up an organi- 
zation, much good could be accomplished. Here 
is a grand place for a young miuis'e'', who is 
able and willing to live a pioneer life. There is 
no other minister of the Brethren closer than 130 
miles of Bro. John Stump. The people are very 
kind and generous. Write to Bro. John Stump, 
Miami, Texas, and he will gladly answer all in- 

Wo left Miami, Texas, Dec 10, and upon our 
arrival home, Dec. 23, found our family well. 
Joseph Weaver. 

/ igonier, Ind. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

3 from a far country." 

Hahoning Church.— Bro. I. D. Parker began a 
series of meetings at the Zion Hill church, Dec. 
G, and continued till Deo, 21. During that time 
we held our quarterly council, at which five were 
received into the church by baptism. One was 
reclaimed and there is one applicant for baptism. 
A letter of membership was granted to a sister, 
and the members greatly strengthened. The 
weather and roads were all that could be expected 
for this time of the year, which made it very 
pleasant for those who wished to attend church. 
Bro. Parkor is an able expounder of God's Word. 
—AnnaNdlroHr, L-rioniu, Ohio. 

Greene, Iowa.— A serins of meetings at this place 
closed Dec. 13, after two weeks' duration. Bro. 
Jacob Delp, of Yellow Greek, 111 , and Bro. Prank 
Myers, of Mt. Carroll, 111., came to us Nov. 28, and 
preached iu all twenty seven sermons. Although 
some seemed to be counting the cost, yet none 
came out on the Lord's Bide. We believe there 
were some good impreesions made. The Breth- 
ren also gave the members some good admoni- 
tions, reminding all of their duty toward God and 
man, and we think that the church in general 
feels built up, ready to go forward with more zeal 
in the Master's work than ever before. — J. L. 
Shook, Deo, 14 ' 

Mount Storm, W. Va.— The Brethren of the Alle- 
ghany church commeuced a series of meetings 
D.c. 10, lasting about one week. Through the 
efficient ministerial lnborB of our brethren Tobias 
and Aaron Pike, of Eglon, W,. Va., the members 
were much edified, and two more wore added to 
the army of the Lord, and others made to fear 
and tremble. After this the above- nwned breth- 
ren commenced preaching for us at the Striped 
school-house with increased interest, but after a 
few days' meetings we had to clos? on account 
of the sodden illness of our ministering brethren, 
one of whom, at -this writing, is unable to go 
homo. May the Lord bless them for their labor 
of love!— Raphael Baker, Deo. 23. 

Roann, Ind,— On Saturday, Dec. 12, Bro. Jacob 
S Snell, of Collamer, Ind., came to us to conduct a 
Beries of meetings He continued preaching un- 
til Dec. 5, and preached in all sixteen sermons. 
The attention was commendable, and the congre- 
gations were large until interfered with by the in- 
clemency of tbe weather, dark nights and bad 
roads. Depp i Depressions were made on the 
minds of many. One dear soul came out on the 
Lord's side and was baptized according to the 
commifision given hy Christ. We feel sure that 
other* are counting the cost, and we hope they 
will, before it is eternally too late, get the consent 
of their minds and join in with the people of God. 
Our dear brother labored earnestly and ably for 
us, pointing out to us all the duties we owe to 
God. -The church feels much strengthened and 
built up. May God blesB our dear brother in 
other fields of labor!— Joseph John, Dec. 25. 


Jan. 12, 1892 

Clay Bill, Pa.— Our quarterly coun- 
cil was held at the Hade house and 
much busiuess of a seemingly serious 
nature came before the meeting, yet 
all was adjusted in the spirit of love. 
Two more have lately been added to 
the church, and others are near the 
kingdom.— Wm. A. Anthony, Dec. 


Onion Bridge, 

— -At. a council- 
meeting, held in the Meadow Branch 
church, Carioll Co, Md., Dec. 22, 
Bonsack was or- 
eldersbip. His son, 
wedding trip, 
slry, and Bro. 

1891, Bro. D. 
dained to the 
Charles, while on hii 
was elected to the ] 

Wm. Koop elected deacon. Eld. Uri- 
ah Bixler, on account of nervous 
trouble, requested to be superannuat- 
ed, whicli request was not granted, but 
the church consented to relieve him 
from work while unable to perform 
the duties of his office.— E. W. Ston- 

Louisville, Ohio.— Bro. James A. Sell 
and wife, from McKee's, Blair Co., 
Pa , came to ub recently, on a visit 
of love. Bro. Sell held a protracled 
meeting in the Center meeting- 
house, within the bounds of the 
Canton congregation, Stark County, 
Ohio, commencing on the evening of 
Dec. 2, and continuing every even- 
ing up to Dec. 16, preaching in all 
about twenty-five sermonF. We al- 
so had some day meetings. One 
young man made the good confes- 
sion.- Geo. S. Grim, Dec. 29. 

Bloomvillo, Ohio.— The quarterly 
council of the Seneca church was 
held yesterday. The business that 
came before the meeting was dis- 
posed of in a Christian spirit. The 
necessary arrangements were made 
for our series of meetings, which has 
been under contemplation for some 
time, aud is lo commence Jan. 9. 
We expect to continue it for three or 
four weeks. The time is to be divid- 
ed between our two houses of wor 
Bhip. Bro. Jacob Witmore, of Mis- 
souri, is to do the preaching.— S. A 
Walker, Dee. 27. 

Clarence, H. Y.-On the evening of 
Nov. G, Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Lew- 
istown, Pa., began a aeries of meet- 
ings at this place. We had the use 
of the Disciple church. Bro. Moh- 
ler preached with earnestness. Now, 
since the good seed has been 60wn, 
we hope the harvest will come by 
and by. Although there were no 
additions, we are glad to know that 
good impressions have been made, 
and we hope that some are counting 
the co3t. The attendance was quite 
good. Bro. Mohler was liked and 
everybody was pleased with his 
preaching. This is a mission field 
of vast dimensions. It embraces the 
entire State of New York. If any 
of the Brethren come to Buffalo, 
N. Y., I would be pleased to have 
them call at my place. I live fifteen 
miles east. From Buffalo, take the 
West Shore E. B., to Clarence, or 
the New York Central E. E., to 
Looneyville.— A. M. Zug. 

Wallace, Fehr.— Wo have jubI closed 
a series of meetings conducted by 
Bro. Jesse Y. Heckler. While there 
were no immediate results, some 
have been made to count the cost 
Our dear brother is a very kind talk- 
er and it is a pleasure to listen to one 
so mild aud yet so Btrong in his way 
of presenting the Truth. — Allen 
Cripe, Dec. 25. 

Barlan, Iowa.— Bro. M. Dierdoiff, of 
Yale, Iowa, came to us and began a 
series of meetings Dec. 13, and con- 
tinued until the 20th. As a result of 
his earnest efforts one came out on 
the Lord's side and was baptized the 
same hour of the night. The breth- 
ren were built, np in the faith of the 
Gospel, sinners were warned to flee 
the wrath to erne and others were 
almost persuaded to become Chris- 
tians, but said, "Not now."— IVash. 
Wylantl, Dec. 26. 

Painl Creek, Bans.— Eld. J. H. Neher 
came to us Dec. 12. Our council 
passed off with a Christian spirit, 
and for two weeks Bro. John 
preached with power, to fair congre- 
gations, warning sinners to flee the 
wrath to come. E!d. S. Click was 
with us part of the time. Sister 
Neher also helped in the ministry 
and as an immediate reBuIt two 
young Iambs were brought into the 
fold and one reclaimed that had wan- 
dered away.— A. 0. Nrnner, Dec 26. 

Shady Grove, Pa.— Our dear sister, 
Elizabeth Baker, wife of Eld. Adam 
Baker, is at this time sorely afflicted. 
About two years ago she had a stroke 
of paralysis. She then called for the 
elders and was anointed according to 
James 5, and recovered sufficiently 
to attend the regular appointments, 
but about one month ago she had the 
id attack, which impaired her 
speech to some extent, and she is 
a helpless condition. May 
the Lord bless her and her dear hus- 
band in their sore affliction!— Wm. 
C Kooniz, Dec. 21. 

McPhcraon, Bans.— Bro. A. I. Hees- 
tand came to the Monitor church, 
Dec. 5, and began preaching the 
same evening. He preached eight- 
een sermons, much encouraging aud 
strengthening the saints and warning 
sinnns. Four were baptized and 
one applied for membership at his 
last meeting. To-day, at our Christ- 
mas services, another dear one was 
made willing to accept the offered 
terms of mercy. The Lord be 
praised for all the goodl Our dear 
brother left us for his home Dec. 21. 
May the Lord strengthen and en- 
courage him and bless his labors for 
goodl-S. E. Lnntz, Dec 25. 

WOLF— ROD ABAUGH.— At the residence 

of the biide't, parents, Liberty Township, 
Jefferson Co., Iowa, Dec. 23, 1891, by the 
wilier, Mr. I. It. Wolf and Miss Katie Ro. 
dabaugh. Daniel Holder. 

.SHOEMAKER-GRIM.— At the residence 
of the undersigned, Dec. 10, 1891, Mr. 
George Shoemaker and Miss Etta Glim, all 
of Marlborough Township, Stark Co., Ohio. 
TEETERS— KELLER— At lire residence 
of the biide's parents, Dec. 15, 1801, by the 
undersigned, Mr. Edward C. Teeters, of 
Kansas, and sister Laura E. Keller, of Alii, 
nnce, Ohio. J.J. Hoover. 

PETTWUD-YOUNG.— Dec 24, by J. E. 
Young, Mr. Claud Pettwud and Miss Nel- 
lie Young, both of Gage County, Nebr. 
J. E. You.NG. 
MERLEY-IiLOUGH.— At the residence 
of the bride's parents, Somerset Countv, 
Pa , Dec. 13, 1S91, by the undersigned, 
friend Lewis Merley and sister Emma 
Blough. S. P. Zimmerman. 

ECKERLE-ARNOLD.— At the residence 
of the bride's parents, Lanark, 111., Dec. 24, 
1891, by J. H. Moore, Bro. Philip Franklin 
Eckcrle and Miss Etta Arnold. J. H. M. 
MORRIS-STUCKEY.— At the residence 
of the undersigned, Dec. 20, 1891, William 
W. Morris and sister Annie Sluckey, both 
of Cherokee County, Kans. 


RUDDER— DAY.— At Beatrice, Nebr., 
Dec. 17. 1891, by J. E. Young, Mr. William 
Rudder and Miss Zilpha Day, both of 
Gage County, Nebr. J. E. Young. 

BALLARD-QUINN— At the residence of 
the bride's parents, No. 117 East Fourth 
St , Canton, Ohio, Nov. 26, 1891, by the un- 
dersigned, Dr. Fred Ballard and Miss Myr- 
ile Quinn, all of Canton, Ohio. 

Wm H. Quinn. 

Iowa, Dec. 3, 1S91, by the undersigned, 
Mr. Wm. F. Hipes and sis'er Minerva E. 
Eikenberry, all of Greene, Butler Co., 
Iowa. Franklin Myers. 

HEISEL— TERRY.— At the residence of 
the bride's parents, four miles north of Or- 
onoque, Dec 24, 1891, by the undersigned, 
Bro. John Heisel, of Quinter, Kans., and 
sister Annie E. Terry, of Norton County, 
Ki ™s. J. R. Garber. 

LOHR— STRAYER.— At the residence of 
the undersigned, Dec. 26, 1891, Mr. Elmer 
E. Lohr and sister Sadie Strayer, both of 
Johnstown, Cambria Co., Pa. 



M ARTIN_DILMAN._At the residence of 
the bride's parents, Mr. John Dllman, near 
Martindale, Dec. 17, 1891, by Bro. S. H. 
Ulz, of Maryland, Mr. Samuel A. Martin 
and sister Lizzie A. Dllman, all of Lancas- 
ter County, Pa. Kate K. Martin. 

METZGAR — STRAYER.— At the resi- 
dence of the undersigned, Dec. 26, 1891, 
Bro. Milton G. Metzgar and sister Lizzie 
Strayer, both of Johnstown, Pa. 

Geo. S. Rairigii. 

HORNER— DAMEWOOD.— At the resi- 
dence of Bro. J. R. Frantz, the officiating 
minister, Dec. 23, 1891, Mr. Jay A. Horner 
and Miss Christie Damewood, both of Wil- 
son County, Kans. Viola Rench. 

CLARKSON-NUMER— At the home of 
her parents, Dec. 24, 1891, Mr. Wm. H. 
Clarkson and Elsie Numer, of Redfield, 
Bourbon Co, Kans. F. H. Barker (Baptist) 
officiated. A. C. Numer. 

SPITZER— DOBSON.— At the home of 
the bride, Nov. 28, 1891, by the writer, Eld. 
Joseph F. Spitzer, of Landess, and sister 
Amanda Dobson, of Summitsville, Ind. 
Isaiah J. Howard. 


FREED.— At the residence of his uncle, S. 
W. Bollinger, near McVeytown, In the 
Spring Run church, Mifflin Co., Pa., Dec. 
18, 1S91, Daniel P. Freed, son of John 

Thomas and Elizabeth L. Freed, aged 15 

years, 5 months and 20 days. 

ised was afflicted with spinal dis- 
ease for eight years and confined to his bed, 
lying on ills face, for over seven months. He 
suffered intensely and patiently awaited the 
change. Emma Bollinger. 

ZOOK.— In the bounds of the Slate Creek 

church, Sumner Co., Kans., Sept. 15, 1891, 

of typhoid fever, Sarali Frances Zook, aged 

20 years, 9 months and 2S days. 

The above was a daughter of John and 

Sarah Zook, formerly of Indiana. 

John Wise. 

WITWER.—At her home near Coffeeville, 

Montgomery Co., Kans., Dec. 10, 1891, tis- 

ter Mary E. Witwer, aged 6+ years, 10 

months and 15 days. 

Deceased was born In Pennsylvania, Jan. 

25, 1827, and married Samuel Witwer July 3, 

1845. The latter preceded her to the spirit 

world six years, Sister Witwer united with 

the Brethren church in her twentieth year 

and has been a consistent member ever since. 

She leaves six children to mourn their loss. 

May their loss be her gain! Funeral services 

by the writer from Rom. 8: 11. 

Caleb Fogle, 
HELSINGER.-In the Arnold's Grove 
:hurch, Carroll Co., 111., Dec. 19, 1S91, sis- 
er Anna Helsinger, aged 80 years, 3 months 

Deceased was born in Darmstadt, Ger- 
many, Sept. 15, 1811, and came to America 
at the age of twenty- four years. She has been 
a consistent member of the church for over 
forty years. She was the mother of a large 
family. She was sick for about thirty hours 
with lung trouble. She longed to be with 
her Master. Funeral services from Acts 20: 
24, by the writer and others. 

Franklin Myers. 

JENNINGS.-In the Brownsville congrega- 
tion, Washington Co., Md.„ Nov. 1,1891, 
Bro. Win. Jennings, aged 78 years, 10 
months and 14 days. 
Bro. Jennings was a great sufferer for 
about four months, being afflicted with heart 
*'ment and dropsy. He was a firm believer 
the faith of the Brethren, and quite a while 
ior to his death he was anointed. We trust 
he died in the triumphs of a living faith. 

J. E. M. Castle. 
BURGER.— In the bounds of the New Hope 
church, Kans , Lucy E. Burger, daughter 
of Philip and Nealy Burger, aged 1 month 
and 29 days. 
Deceased was buried Nov. 22, 1891. Fu- 
neral services by the writer. 


MOYER.— r n the same church, Nov. 22, 
1891, sister Eliza E. Moyer, wife of Bro. 
Michael Moyer, aged 54 years, 7 months 

Deceased was a member of the Brethren 
church for a number of years until her death, 
and suffered much bodily pain on account of 
. , t with all her great suf- 
fering her faith, according to her own words, 
was firm and strong In her last days. She 
was buried in the Columbus cemetery. Fu- 
neral services by Bro. Samuel Edgecomb, as- 
sisted by the writer. 


KINCADE.— In the Irvin Creek church, 

Dunn Co., Wis,, Dec. 6, 1891, Edgar, son 

of Bro. Nathaniel and sister Susan Klncade, 

aged 8 years, 2 months and 11 days. 

Funeral services by the writer from 

Mark 10: 13-23 to an attentive congregation. 

Samuel Crist. 
WORST.— In the City of Ashland, Ohio, 
Cora Worst, aged 31 years and 2 months. 
Cora was the daughter of Eld. George 
Worst. She leaves three sisters, three broth- 
father and step-mother to mourn their 
The remains were interred in the Moh- 
ican cemetery. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by T. S. Moherman from the words, 
Lord make me to know mine end and the 
leasure of my days what it is, that I may 
know how frail I am." David Worst. 



Jan. 12, 1892. 


THOMAS.— In the Quemahoning congrega- 
tion, Pa , Sept. 34, 1891, of diphtheria, Clar- 
ence Cloyd Thomas, son of friend Silas and 
sister Lovlna Thomas, aged 1 year, 5 
months and 5 days. 

Funeral services by Samuel Gindlespar 

er (Mennonite), and the undersigned. 

ZOOK.— In the Slate Creek church, Sumnei 
Co., Kans., Nov. 14, 1891, of typhoid fever, 
Bro. John Zook, aged 58 years, 9 months 

Deceased was married to Miss Sarah 
Teeter Dec. si, 1S55, at the age of twenty-two 
years. Nine children were born to them, sev- 
en of whom survive their father. He united 
with the church at the age of thirty-one 
years. Since that time he has been a faith- 
ful, devoted member. Funeral sermon by 
the undersigned from 1 Tim. 4: 7, 8. 

John Wise. 
MINICK.— In the Kansas Center church, 
Kans., Oct. 30, 1891, of typhoid fever, sister 
Lydia Mtnick, aged 43 years, 3 months and 
3 days. 

She, with her husband, joined the Breth- 
ren church about four years ago. Funeral 
discourse by Eld Jonathan Brubaker. 

Isaac S. Brudakh 
LONG.— In the bounds of the Wichita 
church, Sedgwick Co., Kans , Nov. 9, 1S91, 
Aleatha, wife of Bro. Peter Long (formerly 
of Washington County, Md.), aged 62 
years, 9 months and 22 days. 

She was a member of the Evangelical 
Lutheran church. For about eight weeks 
previous to her death she was confined to her 
bed. She suffered intensely at times but bore 
her affliction with Christian fortitude, and 
longed for the end to come. She leaves a 
husband, three children, two step children, 
and a large circle of friends to mourn their 
loss. Funeral discourse by Eld. John Wise, 
of Conway Springs, from Num. 22: 10. 

J. Wise. 
NEHER.— In Conway Springs, Kans., Dec. 
12, 1891, sister Saiah, wife of Bro. John 
Neher, formerly of Macoupin County, III., 
aged 66 years, 9 months and 18 days. 

Deceased leaves a husband, five children 
and a large number of friends to mourn their 
loss Funeral services by brethren John Wise 
and Jacob Troxel from 1 Thess. 4: 12-1S. 

John Wise. 
FIKE.— At Eglon, W. Va., Dtc. 16, 1891, 
Florence Ethel Fike, aged 9 months and 2 

Deceased was the only child and daugh- 
ter of Bro. Noah and sister Maggie Fike. 
The funeral services were conducted by Bro. 
Isaac W. Abernathy from Job 14: 1, 2. 

Rachki. Weimer. 
BRUBAKER.— In the Washington Creek 
church, Douglas Co., Kans., Dec. 16, 1891, 
Eld. Peter Brubaker, aged Si years, 7 
months and 21 days. 

Deceased was born in Franklin County, 
Pa., April 25, 1810. He united with the 
Brethren June 5, 1859, and was elected to the 
office of deacon in the fall of the same year. 
He was called to the ministry In i860 and 
served in that office till 1874, when he was or- 
dained to the eldership. In that office he 
served faithfully until death. He was loved 
and respected by all who knew him, as was 
manifested by the large attendance at his fu- 
neral. Elders James Hilkey and Samson 
Harshman delivered the funeral discourse 
from the latter part of Ps, 7. 

S. M. Miller. 
OVERHOLSER.— At Locke, Elkhart Co, 
Ind., Sept. 26, 1S91, of paralysis, sister Dor- 
otha Overholser, wife of Daniel Overholser, 
deceased, aged 74 years and 9 months. 
Sister Overholser, whose maiden name 
was Sala, was a native of Pennsylvania but 
partial ly reared in Montgomery County, 
Ohio, where she united in marriage with Dan- 
iel Overholser. They were blessed with eight 
children, seven of whom are yet living. Five 
of them are members of the body of Christ. 
Our elster, with her companion, served in the 

deacon's office many years She made choice 
of her text and several hymns, to be used at 
her funeral, which was improved by Bro. 
Lemuel Hillery and others, from 2 Cor. 5: 
1-4 Inclusive. * J. R. Miller. 

FRIEND— In the Canton church, Sta.k 

Co., Ohio, Sept. 25, 1S91, sister Mary E. 

Friend, aged 32 years. 

Sister Friend passed away after five days 
of suffering. She was a faithful member of 
the German Baptist church for six years and 
leaves a husband and two children to mourn 
their loss. Of the twin girls born, one has 
been taken and the other left. 

Funeral services conducted by the under- 
signed from 1 Thess. 4: 14-1S. 

Wm. H.Quinn. 

HASELET.— In the Mt. Etna church, six 
miles west of Cumberland, Cass Co., Iowa, 
Nov. 30, 1891, Margaret Ann Haselel, wife 
of Bro. Joe Hastltf, ;iged 5: years, 2 months 
and 20 days. 

The deceased was a member of the 
Brethren church since iSSfi find lived a very 
consistent life. She leaves .1 husband, a large 
family of children, friends and neighbors (a 
mourn their loss. The writer was called to 
anoint her Nov. 5, and her improvement In 
health led us to hope for a speedy recovery, 
but Nov. 28, she suddenly grew worse and 
ended her useful life on the day above given. 
Funeral services by the writer. 

Isaac Barto. 

HESTER.— In the Blue Ridge church, Piatt 
Co., 111., Dec. 17, 1S91, of consumption, 
Bro. Andrew J. Hester, aged 22 years and 
3 days. 

Deceased united with the German Bap- 
tist Brethren church when about sixteen years 
of age. Though called away in early life, he 
seemed to be fully resigned to the will of God 
and requested us all to meet him in that bet- 
ter land. A short while before he died he 
called for the elders of the church and was 
anointed according to James 5: I4,after which 
he expressed a willingness to go and be at 
rest. In his sickness he bore his afflictions 
with patience and Christian fortilude until the 
death angel came in the early morn and said, 
"It is enough ;come up higher! " Death ren- 
ders the home lonely, but we trust that tiic 
bereft mother, brother and sister, will be con- 
soled with the hope that he whom they loved 
is now at rest. Funeral services by the writ- 
er. C. Babnuart. 
BOSTON.— In the bounds of the Turkey 
Creek church, Benton Co., Mo., Dec. 5, 
1891, L. W. Boston, aged 4! years, 6 
months and 20 days. 

By request the funeral was preached by 
Bro. Charles Masters to a large congregation 
of sympathizing friends. Deceased leaves a 
widow and eight children to mourn the loss 
of a kind father and husband. 

Isaac Gadberry. 
MILLER.— In the Canton church, Stark 
Co., Ohio, Nov. 29, 1891, sister Mary Ellen 
Miller, aged 18 years, 2 months and 5 days. 
Ella was a devoted and faithful sister, 
having entered the chinch in her tender years. 
Shortly before her departure she was, by her 
request, anointed with oil in the name of the 
Lord, after which she was resigned to the 
will of the Loving Master. We feel assured 
that the change is indeed a happy one. Fu- 
neral services improved by J. F. and Eld. C. 
Kahler. John T. Kahler. 

HAINES.— In the Pleasant Valley church, 
Elkhart Co., Ind., Nov. iS, 1891, Franklin 
Orlando Haines, son of brother and sisler 
A. Haines, aged 15 years, I month and 1 

Deceased was much respected by all 
who knew him. He was only sick a few 
days before he closed his eyes In death. He 
told his brother, sisters and cousins to prepare 
to meet him in heaven. Five weeks previous 
to his death one of his sisters was buried, aged 
9 years and 1 day, leaving father and mother, 
one son and two daughters to mourn their 
loss. Funeral services Nov. 22 by J. L. Berk- 
ey at the Forest Grove church from Matt. 18: 
•». Levi E. Weaver. 

Choice Vegetable Seeds for 1892. 


I wish to thank the brethren, sisters and 
friends for past patronage, and will again ad- 
vertise my seeds in the Messenger, hoping 
ami trusting to secure all of my last year's 
customers, besides many new ones. I know 
I can do much better for you all this year, 
than I ever did before. I do not send oul 
flashy catalogues, like many seedsmen d0| to 
induce you to buy, but I will, this season 
forth an effort to get my seeds more widely 
known throughout the Brotherhood and all 
readers of the frtsSSENGER. All of my seeds 
are fresh and true to name. Seeds are nc 
sent out until they are tested, and until w 
know that thev are sure to grow. 

Large Family Bibles Given as a Pre- 
mium this Year. 

This JJible is printed with large type, and 
contains the Old and New Testament, >viil 
references, full-page Engravings, Marriagi 
Certificates, and Family Records, History of 
the Bible and Dirlionary, giving proper pro 
nunciation of nearly 4,000 names, and thei: 
meaning. How many of the brethren and 
sisters, and the readers of the Messengi 
general, will want a Bible like this free? -If 
yon will send me the names and post-olli 
address of ten of your neighbors, who are 11 
readers of the Messenger, ami your order 
for seeds to the amount of $3.So, you will 
then get a large Family ISible free. Ifyoi 
want a Bible send now! Do not wait till 
spring, as 1 want a large list of names and 
their post-oflice address now, so I can use 
them. This is why I make this grand offer. 
Remember, you select, from my seed list, 
three dollars and eighty cents' worth of seeds, 
put up in packages. Then you arc entitled 
this large Family Bible. Little boys and 
girls, you can get a Bible like this, 'if y 
have no use for the seeds, you can sell tin 
to your friends and neighbors, and have the 
Bible free. By so doing ■you will help 1: 
introduce rny seed.=, and you will he 

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get it. If not, I will make you satisfied. I 
have no tears of you being dissatisfied. If 
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thankfully received. 

How to Send Money.— Send all remit- 
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Kosciusko Co. Syracuse, Ind. 




Absolutely Pure. 


The New York Tress exposes that "Im- 
portant Bill" Business 

Thk article credited to the New York 
Pyrin, going the rounds of the papers, In 
which it Is alleged that unfavorable action has 
been taken in the New Yoik Legislature 
against the Royal Baking Powder, proves to 
have been a canard, gotten up and circulated 
by opposition baking-powder makers for pur- 
poses quite apparent to every one. 

The New York Press, in exposing the 
fraud, says: " No such legislation as that 
stated In this article has ever been had In this 
State — or in any legislation to our knowl- 
edge." The He is made from whole cloth. 
The Press disclaims any responsibility for the 
publication, and objects to being made a party 
to such method , adopted by tome baking 
powder manufacturers in their efforrs to sub- 
stitute their goods for others now In use. 


In the year iSSS we published an edition of 
this work and the demand for it was so great, 
that inside of eighteen months every copy 
was sold, and ns we did not have it stereo- 
typed, and fearing that another edition could 
not be sold, no more were printed. But since 
then the demand for it lias been so strong and 
continued, that we concluded to get out an- 
other edition. 

We have revised it, and, at the suggestion of 
several elders of experience, we have made 
sjveral changes which, we think, will make it 
accrptable to all. It is a small book, conven- 
ient for carrying In thepocKet, and is especial- 
ly adapted to the wants of our ministers, dea- 
cons, Sunday-school Superintendents, teach- 
ers and those who conduct prayer-meetings 
and Bible classes. In fact, it contains just 
6uch information as every member of the 
church should know. The following is a 
synopsis of part of the contents: Declaration 
of our Faith, including chapters on the Sab- 
bath, Loyalty to Government, Non-resistance, 
Anointing the Sick, On takfngthe Oath, Con- 
formity to the World, Church Covenant, The 
Church Visit, Church Officers and Forms 
for Installation, How to Conduct Church 
Meetings, Rules for dealing with membeis, 
Sunday-schools,— how to Organize and Con- 
duct them, Prayer meetings and How Con- 
ducted, Marriage and Forms of the Ceremo- 
ny, Burial Services and How to Conduct 
them, Family Worship, The work closes 
with full instructions for conducting all kinds 
of^public meetings with the necessary Rules 
of Order. In it will be found a complete epit- 
ome of our faith and practice, our form of 
church government and how carried out. 
As our present edition is limited, those who 
wish a copy should order at once. Price, 
single copy, post-paid, 30 cents; or, $300 per 
dozen. Postage stamps taken for single cop- 
ies. Address: 

Brethren's Publishing Co., 
Or Huntingdon, Pa. Mt Morris, 111. 

1 Revclntion.-By. K. Mi)li S an» Should 
: hands 0! every Bible student. Price, 


Ei'.;: per Iseb iacl Iniettion. 
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Bible Lands 

A new edition of this deservedly popular 
work has recently been published. It retains 
all the excellencies of its predecessors, and 
with those who are interested in Bible study 
this work will always remain a favorite. 
Those who have read the ordinary book of 
travel will be surprised to find " Europe and 
Bible Lands " of thrilling interest for both old 
and young. The large number of books, al- 
ready sold, proves that the work is of more 
than ordinary merit, 

A fair supply of the last edition of this 
work Is still on hand. Those who have not 
yet secured a copy of the work should em- 
brace this opportunity of securing it. Price, 
In fine cloth binding, only $1.50 per copy, 
post-paid. To agents who are prepared to 
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prepared to give special Inducements. Write 
Publishing Co., 
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This is a neatly- printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical sketch of Eld. James- 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
interesting, instructive and impressive. No- 
one can read an account of Bro. Quinter's- 
Hfe without feeling deeply and favorably im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation Itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the Impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers and isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price, 
post-paid, $1.25. 

Publishing Co., 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

European Hotel 



Dearborn Si. S. Gregstbn, Prop 

Chicago, 111. 


.1 is centrally located, and the most respectabl 
is class in the City. The charges are moder 
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hot shot: 

The Gospel Messenger 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel.* 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 19, 1892 

The Gospel Messenger. 

Table of Contents, 

Poetry, — 

Backward, Turn Backward, O Time In your Flight. 
Selected 34 

The Mark. By C. H. Balsbaugh, 34 

Our Bible Class. By A. W. Vaniman, 34 

The Great Question. By J. F. Britton 35 

The Two Witnesses. By Maltie A. Lear, 36 

Private and Public Offenses, By J. J. Emmert 36 

Resurrection. By Noah Longanecker, 37 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

Items, 3S 

The Watch Tower. By Galen B. Royer, 3S 

Quarterly Report, 3S 

Ministerial Meetings. By J. S. Mohler, 39 

Who Will Respond? 39 


Items, 33,40,41,42 

Thought Flashes, 33 

Meeting of the General Mission Board, 41 

The Foundation, 41 

The Cost of War, 42 

Fourth Census, 42 

Mr. Spurgeon's Benevolence, 42 

Correspondence, 4 3, 4 4 

Notes from Our Correspondents 44, 45, 46 

Literary Notes, 46 

Matrimonial 46 

Fallen Asleep, , 46 

Advertisements, 47i48 

You have only one life of probation to live, and 
the magnitude of its value no mortal can com 
pute. If you are wise, you will redeem the time 
with every possible effort. 

Bito. J. B. Brumbaugh is now with the Breth- 
ren of the Green Tree church, holding a series of 
meetings. This is an evergreen church in growth 
and we hope that the ingathering may always con- 

At last the long-wished-for snow has come and 
on our streets is heard the merry jingling of 
the sleigh bells. Well, nature wants her rest and 
we are glad that our Good Father so kindly lays 
over her the mantle of white that she may take 
her sleep, protected from the snapping and biting 
frosts that claim their rights during the wintry 
months. All is well that the Father doeth. 

Every one is peculiarly bleat. It would be a 
difficult matter for any oue to look around him 
and not see others in more trying circumstances 
than he. If he has had losses, he can find those 
who have suffered greater losses; if he has bad 
bodily afflictions, he can find those who have been 
more sorely afflicted. In one way or another he 
has escaped that to which his neighbor has fallen 
victim, the mere thought of which makes him 
shudder. There never is a time in any life when 
thanksgiving cannot appropriately be the chief 
portion of prayer. 

Bito. Michael Claar gave us a short call last 
week on his way to Lewistown, Pa., where he is 
now holding a series of meetiugs. May abundant 
success attend his efforts! 

Sister Grow, of Sharpsburg, Md., is a visitor 
iu the Normal. Her whole family, two daughters 
and one son, are attending our school and siste: 
Grow is here to see as to their welfare. Bra 
Hess, of Chambereburg, Pa,, also brought his tw< 
daughters and made a short stay. "We are always 
pleased to have parents, who have childreu with 
us, come and gee our school and work. 


Reader, did any one ever ask you what yc 
were good for? The question is often put to tl: 
children and from them we sometimes have very 
pretty and thoughtful answers. But we, as chil- 
dren of a larger growth, don't exercise such fa- 
miliarities, and did we do bo, what would our an- 
swers be? 

As the old year went out and the new one came 
iu, this thought came to us seriously, perhaps, for 
the first time, and we were puzzled as we were 
never before. The thought came to us: Supposing 
some one were to ask us this question, what an- 
swer could we give? Children answer, "To love 
mama or papa, or to help them, or to do good 
But these answers will not do for us, — the last 
one should, but we are not at all sure that it 
would suit our case. Iu taking our retrospect we 
seemingly, see nothing. My, 0, my! what, t 
worthless creature! Building on the good foun- 
dation and jet good for nothing! Can it be? 

Header, apply this question to yourself once 
and see how well you can dispose of it. Perhaps 
you can dispose of it more readily. Some can do 
it better than others. We all may be good for 
something, and ought to be, and it will be well 
for us to try and determine juBt what that thin; 
is, and then do it. 

For years we have been trying to learn to think 
a great deal, and to wait a long time before we 
speak or write, when the blood is warm and the 
passions are moving. Sometimes, we think we 
are good for this kind of work, but then even this 
may be overdone, and things may spoil for want 
of speaking. 

Again; we sometimes think that we are good 
for emergencies. When others weaken and are 
ready to give up we get stronger, and in this way 
become useful and helpful. But then this may 
be accounted for, outside of our personality, in 
two ways. First, it is natural to strengthen as 
others weaken. Emergencies develop latent ener- 
gies and make persons strong who, at other times, 
seem weak. Again, occasions buow us the magni- 
tude of the strength needed, and the little we 
have, of ourselves, to use, aud are thus caused to 
go to the Source from which all strength comes, 
bo that we are made strong, not so much in utiliz- 
ing the strength we have as the using of the 

strength that is given db, There, now, we luno 
"given ourselves away," and yet; have not told you 
clearly what we are good for, -neither did we in- 
tend to do so; we only gave these few suggestions, 
thinking that they may be helpful in solving an 
answer to the question as it may come to you. 

At our late time of public prayer a request came 
to us from a devoted daughter that earnest, fer- 
vent prayer should be made for her mother whoso 
husband had been suddenly stricken down by 
death. The. writer, as well as many others, hav- 
ing been personally acquainted with the wife and > 
husband, our sympathies were deeply moved to- £ 
wards the stricken sister. But the thought came w 
to us, what does this menu? What dues it mean? m 
you may aelc. Yes, that was the question as it * 
came to us, and the thought is a very serious one, $» 

too. Of course the request would lie granted, be- & 
cause, to offer a prayer in such an easy thing to 
do. It' no one would ask of us harder things than 
thip, we would clap our hands aud be glad. 

But the thought came to us, Why will we do 
thin? If we can have no higher motive in the do- 
ing than to accord to the asking, our wording 
wouTd be an empty before God as the sounds of an 
instrument, touch d by imsaiiclified hands. A 
prayer to God, either for ourselves or others, 
means more than the uttering of words. It must 
be the intelligent- desire of the heart, actuated by 
love and au unflinching faith in God and his will- 
ingness to give. The manner of our prayer has 
much to do with tuo answering of it. It is a won- 
derful thought that, for our sake, God will do, or 
not do, aud yet it is a truth, Lot would not have 
been saved from the burning of Sodom for his 
own sake. It was the appeal of faithful Abraham 
that saved Lot aud his daughters. The prayer of 
the righteous availeth much, and God does hear 
the prayers of the good in behalf of others. This 
we ought to believe aud feel to bo successful peti- 
tions to our Heavenly Father. 

One of our wise men once said: "It is a good 
thing to make a beginning. It is a better thing 
to go on, aud best of all, to continue to the end." 
This is a thought Hash for us all just now, as wo 
have entered the threshold of the New Year. 
Many beginnings for the better have been made. 
This is right, but unless these beginnings are con- 
tinued, where will the good be? A loBt good is 
worse to us than no good at all, as has been fully 
illustrated in the cases of those who had been 
rich and through loss or profligacy lost all. Their 
knowledge of the good they once enjoyed forever 
unfitted them for any enjoyment in their less fort- 
unate condition. Our better and best muBt come 
from an increase of the good, or the beginning, 
and all good, if properly husbanded, will increase 
until the fullness of all good culminates in per- 
petual enjoyment. Nothing is good but that 
which tends towards our lasting and eternal good. 
To this one thing all other things must be subor- 
dinated if we will eDjoy God and heaven forever. 



Backward, turn backward, O Time, In jour fligli 
Mnkc me a child again, jtist for to-night! 
Mother, come back from the echoless shore, 
Take me again to your heart, as of yore— 
Kiss from iny forehead the furrows of care, 
Smooth the few (.liver threads out of my hair, 
O'er my slumbers your loving watch keep- 
Rock me to sleep, mother— rock me to sleep! 
Backward, How backward, O tide of the years! 
I am so weary of toll and of tears — 
Toil without recompense— tears all are vain- 
Take them and give me my childhood again! 
I have grown weary of dust and decay, 
Weary of fighting my soul wealth away- 
Weary of sowing for others to leap; 
Rock me to sleep, mother— rock me to sleep! 
Tired of the hollow, the base, the untrue, 
Mother, O mother, my heart call6 for you! 
Many a Bummer the grass has grown green, 
Blossomed and faded- our luces between — 
You with strong yearning and passionate pain, 
Long I to night for your presence again; 
Come from the silence so long and so deep- 
Rock me to sleep, mother— rock me to bleep! 
Over my heart In the days that are down, 
No love like mother's love ever has shown— 
No other worship abides and endures, 
Faithful, unselfish and patient like yours — 
None like a mother can charm away pain. 
From the sick (■oul and world-weary brain; 
Slumber's soft calm o'er my heavy lids creep — 
Rock me to sleep, mother — rock me to sleep! 
Come, let your brown hair jiml lighted wllh gold, 
Fall on my shoulder again, as of old — 
Let it drop over my forehead 'o- night, 
Shading my faint eyes away from the llghl — 
For with its sunny-edged shadows once, more, 
Happily will linger the visions of yore, 
Lovingly, softly, Its bright billows sweep— 
Rock me to sleep, mother— rock me to sleep! 
Mother, dear mother! the years have been long 
Since I last listened to your lullaby song. 
Sing, then, and unto my soul it shall seem 
Womanhood's tears have been only a dream; 
Clasp to your heart in a loving embrace, 
With your eye lathes just sweeping my face, 
Never hereafter to wake or to weep, 
Rock me to sleep, mother— rock me to sleep! 


BY c. ii. r.ALsi'.vrnn. 

To a Discouraged Minister; — 

Your thoughts are before me. They make 
mo Bick. "I groan in spirit," and "my soul is 
troubled," "exceeding sorrowful even unto death." 
"When an embassador of Christ loses his inspira- 
tion, and sinlvB down to the level of natural in- 
sight and foresight and half-hearted volition, his 
back iB broken, bis bauds are cuffed, his eyes are 
out, his feet, shackled, and his mouth gagged. No 
one preaches Christ aright unless Christ is the im- 
pulse ns vcell as the theme. It is not a historical 
Christ, or a metaphysical Christ, or a doctrinal 
Christ, or a philosophical Christ, but a living, 
present, personal Christ that the Gospel offers us, 
and that we must accept by faith, if we would be 

A Christed preacher alone can preach Christ. 
A Christ- consciousness is not easily disheartened. 
Indeed it never yields to despair, never renounces 
its hope or its determination. You do not well in 
Buffering yourself to be tossed about by every 
gale of circumstance. Standing on the Rock of 
God Incarnate, the gates of hell shall not prevail 
against you. No combination of circumstances 

can weigh against Omnipotence. "All power is 
given unto ME in heaven and in earth." "Christ 
liveth in me." "I can do all thing* through 
Christ which strengthened me." Matt. 28: 18; 
Gal. 2: 20; Philpp. 4: 13. 

The true minister has no interest apart from 
Chriflt. "What concerns the will and joy and 
glory of Jehovah-Jesus, ako concerns His disci- 
ples and heralds. If we are true to Him, we can 
couut on Him with boundless confidence in every 
emergency. "lie hath said. I will never leave 
thee, NOR forsake thee." Heb. 13: 6. Can you 
not trust this infallible promise in the midst of 
the cyclone that seems to whirl everything into 
confusion around you? 

We must have great patience and forbearance 
with those who are bound hand and foot with tra- 
ditional fetters. Truth will bear the utmost test- 
ing. Not long since I heard a dear brother 
preach with great earnestness and unquestioned 
sincerity, whose godliness is as clear as the noon- 
day, yet whose prejudices are so inveterate that 
he would think it a mortal sin to touch with one 
of his fingers, anything that pertains to a Sunday- 
school. No doubt such well-meaning exceptions 
are serious obstacles to the progress of the Gos- 
pel, but we must deal with them in the gentle 
spirit of the Cross, and go on quietly and faith- 
fully in our work for the young. You must not 
let their hostility upset you, or your heart become 
soured toward them. 

For you to propose to dismiss your office and 
no longer work for Jesus in the ministerial ca- 
pacity, because the expansion of your soul and 
the influx of fresh light takeB you beyond the 
horizon of some of your fellow-laborers ie not 
commendable. Stand by Emmanuel, and He will 
stand by you. Your increased facilities for know- 
ing the mind of Christ, necessarily lift you above 
the prescriptions of traditional orthodoxy. 

No church or generation or age may limit the 
truth. "I am the Truth;" and Him we do not 
yet know skin deep. We know Him as ours, and 
we love Him with a personal affection, but what is 
in Him, and will come out as we are able to bear 
it, will be a BucceeBion of thrilling surprises 
through all eternity, 

When God became flesh and dwelt among us, 
He came into a sphere which He had packed be- 
forehand with symbols and analogies for the il- 
lustration of His great Truths. All nature is but 
a vast vocabulary of stenographic scratches by 
which to read God. And so with the Bible. We 
get an inkling of the Author by deciphering His 
multiform, yet single-thoughted, Revelation. 
Symbols are God's pictorial method of teaching 
such juveniles as the human race; and the sooner 
we get through and behind and above the symbol 
into what it represents, the better is God pleased 
with our progress. 

We do not discard the symbol because we have 
found something infinitely greater than it, but we 
climb ever upward along these visible rungs into 
the invisible and eternal. Our five Borises are 
heaven-hinged doors that swing outward on the 
material world, but swing open much wider in- 
ward and Godward, making the impressions from 
without, vehicles of the soul into the very Holy 
of Holies. 

In Jesus dwelleth all the fullness of the God- 
head bodily. In Him are hid all the treasures of 
wisdom and knowledge. He is the wisdom of 
God and the power of God. We are complete. 
Col. 2: 3, 9, 10. With such a Christ to preach, 
with such a salvation to proclaim, with such an 
altitude to reach, with such a Mark to rivet our 
gaze, such a Prize to gain, such a High-calling to 
honor, does it not reveal pitiable shallowness and 
formality to weary a community with preaching 

all the year round on the rites and customs of the 

I am not surprised that you are saddened by 
such an empty ministry, but I am surprised that 
you are ready to pay your fare to TarBhish^ to flee 
from the presence of the Lord. Surely God will 
send a tempest after you, and bring you back to 
preach the message He bid you. As illustrators 
of Divine Truth aud Christian experience, we can- 
not preach types too constantly or too minutely; 
but to bo always pressing them as simple matters 
of obedience, and terminating their function at 
that point, will render any church inefficient in 
the supreme object of its institution. Do not 
waste time in disputation over your differences, 
but study, pray, preach, love; "press toward the 
mark," commit all to God, 

Make John 10 a life-study. It will take you in- 
to the very heart of the Good Shepherd. If you 
will be ever looking unto Jeans, you will not. 
think of fleeing when you see the wolf coming,, 
whether he approach in hiB native costume, or in 
sheep's clothing. To threaten your opponents 
with the renunciation of your ministry, savors too 
much of the spirit of the hireling. "The good 
shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." Let this 
declaration of Jesus sink deep into the heart of 
every pastor, and forever banish the thought of! 
dismissing the work because there are obstacles 
in the way. 

"The Chief Shepherd and Bishop of souls" is 
ever near to guide, sustain and comfort. Matt. 
28: 20; John 14: 18. The longer Jesus lived, the 
greater was the hostility He awakened, and the 
greater the steadfastness and confidence and bold- 
ness He manifested. "Let this mind be in you 
which was also in Christ Jesus." Philpp. 2: 5. 
Meekness will go far in disarming adverse criti- 
cism, and preparing captious minds to favorable 
consideration. We are so apt to forget the con- 
ditions of power and multiplication, announced in 
John 12: 24, 32. The widening gulf between the 
ardent novitiate of Damascus and his confounded 
opponents, did not repress his earnest, uncompro- 
mising testimony. But instead, "Saul increased 
the more in strength." Acts 9: 22. 

The wisdom of God and the power of God and 
the peace of God are ours, as certainly as God is, 
if we are ready to glory m the cross only. The 
loherefore of Philpp. 2: 9, includes all true believ- 
ers. The " Name which is above every name," is 
the household secret of the elect. Rev. 22: 4. If 
you will bury yourself long enough in Psalm 142, 
for the utter decomposition of the old man, you 
will surely be able to sum up all your painful ex- 
periences in the triumphant language of Paul in 
Acts 20: 24. Be so absorbed in the service and 
glory and fellowship of your Redeemer, that you 
can receive many blows and bleed long before 
you know that you are wounded ; and then show 
your wounds to no one but "Jesus only." 



Practical Questions on Lesson VIII. 

1. Describe the commencement of the Macca- 
bean War. 

2. What caused the Jews to decide that self- 
defense was justifiable on the Sabbath? 

3. Who succeeded Mattathias as leader? 

4. How was the feast of dedication established? 

5. What relics of the Maccabean period are ex- 

During this siege an aged man, named Onias 
wbb required to offer up a prayer, and he prayed 
to God that, as his people were on one side and 

Jan. 19, 1892. 


his priests on the other, not to hear either one to 
the hurt of the other. For this he lost his life. 

At this time Rome, the fourth kingdom of 
Daniel's prophecy, conies upon the scene, and 
steps between these parties In reality it takes 
control of Palestine, while Antipater, mentioned 
in a previous lesson, became really governor, sub- 
servient to Eome. Antipater had four sons, Pha- 
sael, Herod, Joseph, Pherora, and a daughter 
named Salome. Herod became king B. C. 37, 
and reigned until the time of Christ. He is 
called "Herod the Great." His object was to set 
up an independent monarchy, connected with 
Judaism. Thus arose a party, called Herodians. 
Herod was a Jew by profession, although an 
Idumean by birth. In the year 31 B. C, there 
was a destructive earthquake in Judeo, in which 
between 10,000 and 20,000 persons lost their lives. 
In the year 25 B. 0., there was a very severe fam- 
ine in Palestine. Herod made great sacrifices to 
purohaBe provisions for the people. 

The greatest event of Herod's life, from a Jew- 
ish stand-point, was his rebuilding of the temple. 
He announced his intention to the Jews at the 
passover, about 19 B. C, but they were afraid he 
would pull down the old one, and not be able to 
rebuild it. So he agreed that he would prepare 
everything for the new one before he would pull 
down the old one. This required about two years, 
so that about the year 16 B. C, he began to 
build the new temple. He was about eight or 
nine years in completing his work, although re- 
pairs and additions were continually made, so 
that the Jews told Christ that the temple had 
then been forty-six years in building, and, it is 
said not 'to have been completely finished until 
about five years before it was embraced in the 
general destruction of Jerusalem, wherein Christ's 
prophecy was fulfilled,—" Not one stono shall be 
left upon another." This was in 70 A. D., about 
forty years after the death of Christ. 

Herod, being a Jew by profession, did many 
things to retain the favor of the Jews, while at 
the same time, he leaned toward the idolatrous 
worship of Borne. He built a great city on the 
coast of the Mediterranean Sea, and called it Cies- 
area, in honor of Coosar. He also set up some im- 
ages in accordance with Roman worship. His in- 
tention, probably, was to make it his capital some- 
time. It became a noted place later on. It was 
here that Paul was kept bound two years, and ap- 
peared before Agrippa and Festus. 

Herod was a very cruel man, and his domestic 
life is one of tragedy. His first wife was named 
Doris, by whom he had one son named Antipater. 
He divorced her and married a woman named 
Mariamne, by whom he had two sons. Through 
groundless jealousy he had Mariamne put to 
death, and later had her two sons put to death. 
His eldest son, Antipater, conspired against He: 
od's life, and he had him executed just five days 
before his own death. At one time Augustus 
Cteaar remarked, " It is better to be Herod's hog 
than his son." Some time before his death, Her- 
od was attacked with a very painful and loath- 
some disease in the form of ulcerations on his 
body, which were not benefited by baths which 
he took in a famous spring at Athens called Cal- 
lirhoe. He gave orders that representatives of 
the chief families of Judea be shut up in prison 
at Jericho and put to death as soon as he died, so 
that his funeral would not want mourners. Just 
about this time came the wise men from the east, 
seeking for "the King of the Jews." This en- 
raged and troubled Herod. We all know the cir- 
cumstances, as recorded by Matthew. He: 


DY J. F. Bill' TON. 

Theiie are periods when God speaks after the 
the manner of men, embraciug thousands of years 
that we might call days. God's days are not like 
our days, for a thousand years in his sight urn 
but as yesterday, when it is passed, aud ns n wa el 
in the night. There was the day of creation. l' 
do not know how long God was making this 
world, or any other world, nor does it meki anj 
difference. It is enough for me to know that be 
made it. He said, "Let there be light, and 
there was light," and the grass grew, and the flow- 
ers bloomed, ami the birds sang, and the earth 
brought forth her fruits, aud the clouds sent 
down their refreshing showers. God did it all, 
and he looked upou the work of his hands, and 
said that it was good. 

There was another period that wo might cull 
the day of gloom, when man broke God's law and 
fell from his high estate. The clouds gathered 
over the heads of the unhappy pair, as they 
walked out of the Gardc-u of Erten,— transgress- 
ors,— with the way of the transgressor befor< 
them. The inhabitants of the world increased 
and, as they multiplied in numbers, they grew 
worse in wickedness, and darker was the day. 
Prophets came and declared the will of the Lord, 
and angels from heaven appeared on the scene 
and warned men, but they continued in their sins, 
and the day grew still darker and darker, until it 
merged into a moonless and starless night, for the 
tempest of sin, like a great pall, had covered the 
earth. However, there was one star,— the Btar of 
Bethlehem, the morning-star,— that foretold the 
coming of another day. It was the day of mercy. 
When the angels came with their shout of joy, 
they said, " Glory to God in the highest; on earth 
peace and good will to men." When Jesus Christ 
entered the world, he declared the day of God's 
mercy. We live in the noontide of that day. 

The heralds of the cross are penetrating to every 
country and every clime, and the blessed news of 
salvation is being told by maDy of the Lord's 
messengers. They proclaim the day of mercy, 
and yet there are people all through the country, 
who set at naught God's mercy. One of the most 
painful verses in the Bible, to my mind, is this: 
" He came to his own, and his own received him 
not." We read about the crucifixion aud our 
minds dwell with horror upon the scene. As the 
meek and lowly Jesus, bending under the burden 
of his cross, is made to climb the Hill of Calvary, 
we feel like putting our hands to our ears, as we 
hear them taunting him : "If thou be the Sou of 
God, come down from the cross! " See them wag 
their headsl As he bleeds and dies upon the 
cross, wo turn away heartsick, and say, "Men 
must have been turned into beasts, and roason 
must have forsaken her throne, when Jesus d 
on the cross by wicked hands." We dwell upon 
the horrible scene and express ourselves as though 
we would not have done the same thing, aud yet 
there are scores of men and women, who, up to 
this very day, have turned away from Jesus, — 
have closed the door of mercy in their own faces, 
and despised the love that would woo and win 
them to the heart of him who died that they 
might live. 

Thank God, the day of mercy has not ended 
yet. The Sun of Righteousness shines with- nu- 

lla! been a starving family iu your neighborhood, 
aud you had sent yonr sou with bread, meat and 
olotiring, and the perishing oues had seized him, 
bruised aud slain him, what would yon 
have fell 1.1;.. doing? What should the next day 
be? The tost tells us. The great day of his 
wrath is come, and who shall bo able to staud? 
There is a day of mercy, ami we live iu it. 
There is also a day of wrath, and we are approach- 
ing it. It will be a great day,— the .lay for which 
all other days were made— the day when every 
one of us nmst give an account of himself to God, 
"■" I mo t Btirad or fall according to that account. 
This day is great in its ciroumstauoee-great in 
its events, - groat in its consequences! It will be 
a day too— not night. Borne may wish that it 
could bo night, so that thoj might crouch in somo 
corner of the eo iple of justice, and ory for 
rocks and mountains to fall on them, but no, it 
will be broad day. 

John saw it so clearly,— his vision is so uncloud- 
ed that he speaks of it; us already come: "The 
great day of his wrath is come." Ho looks upon it 
as at hand,— as if, in his ears, at that very mo- 
ment, the trump of the archangel were ringing 
out the blast, declaring that time shall bo no 
and be asks the question of all questions, 
"Who shall stand?" Will the man who has 
looked in the face of nature and given her the 
lie,— the man who has trampled the Word of God 
under foot, and stifled his own conscience, and 
ruined his own soul,— will ho he able to stand? 
What about the man who is going through life, 
defiling the very air around him with his hideous 
oaths, violating that name that is above every 
"'" ' ■ '' in . ' mphasis to his language by coup- 
ling with it such paths as shock the Btoutest 
"•'*', will 1.1 ■ UiHiihoiiior be able to stand? 
Will thedrunl ard be able to stand? He cannot 
stand here: much less there. He reels and stag- 
gers along fch . » d ! [it , how shall he stand in 
that great day? The man that has lived a moral 
life, and feels that ho is better than other people, 
aud is trusting in h;e morality, instead of the 
blood of Jesus Ohrist, which is the only true hope 
of heaven— will the moralist be able to stand? 
Those who have tasted the Bread of Life, and 
have gone off now to live upou the husks of sin,— 
will the backslider bo able to stand? If the 
righteous shall scarcely bo saved, how shall the 
indolent, indifferent aud ungodly church members 
be able to stand? 

The great day of his wrath is come, and who 
will be able to stand? Ah, this is the great ques- 
tion of that great day, Who will ho able to stand? 
The auswer is plain. We are looking at this 
question in the light of God's own Word, and he 
tells that those who accept Jesus Christ as their 
Savior, and with all their heart, mind and strength, 
endeavor to adorn their lives with all the requisi- 
tions of the Gospel, ever looking unto him as 
their all, and in all, shall stand in that great day, 
and not only staud, but shall -stand at the right 
hand of God forever. 
Dulwsville, Va. 

__ clouded splendor in our sky to-day, aud the Word 
died shortly after, aged seventy years, having goes forth to one and to all, " Whosoever will, lot 

reigned thirty-seven years. He died a miserable, him take the water of life freely." But this day I place in our thinking and wishing and doing for 
conscience-stricken man, after having attempted | of mercy will close after a while, and what will \ that friend, we cannot fairly claim to be swayed 

" Friendship teste character. Friendship is a 
standard by which one's truest self is tested. In 
order to be a real friend, one must put himself 
out of sight; for unselfishness is the very soul of 
friendship. In any planning or doing for a friend, 
the question for every one of us must be, not 
"What would I like?" nor "What would be for 
my interest?" but "What would my friend pre- 
fer?" and "What would bo for the interest of my 
friend?" Unless wo give our friend the first 


I the next day be? What ought it to be? If there I in our course by friendship. 


Jan. 19, 1392. 


Chapter Three. 

Again it. is recorded, "They ascended np lo 
heaven in a cloud, and their enemies beheld 
them." This, to on r mind, in the moBl. interest- 
ing part of this wonderful prophecy. In Rev. 12 
we have the vision of a woman, clothed with the 
sun, the moon under her feet, a coronet of twelve, 
stars on her head, and after travailing in pain, 
shebroughtfort.h a man child, who was to rule 
the nations with a rod nf iron, to be canght op to 
God and to hie throne. 

All this is explained by some of the beat writ- 
ers on the Apocalypse, to denote the full blaze of 
civil and political prosperity that would be given 
to the church. Accordingly wfl learn from his- 
tory, that in the year 313, Christianity superseded 
heathenism and became the established religion 
of the Roman world. Constantino became its 
patron, and the open profession of the religion of 
the lowly Redeemer became popular. 

From this epoch we may date the time when 
the church began to fall away. The hindering 
power, spoken of by Paul, iu 2 These. 2: 6, 7, was 
now taken out of the way, and "the mystery of 
iniquity" rapidly developed, after the lapse 
of about 462 years after Paul wrote, the church 
had become so corrupt that the true followers of 
Christ could no longer subscribe to her dogmas, 
or partake of her sine, but retired into the wilder- 
ness, where alio was to be nourished for a time 
and times if ud half a time. From the time the 
church of aken to the unhallowed ein- 

braco of thi State, to lie] recession into the wil- 
derness, ivas something oven two hundred years. 
At that time the man of sin Lad become fully de- 
veloped and took his place iu the temple of God, 
showing himself that he is God. This woman, 
under b different metaphor, is the same rs the 
two witnesses, and the time she is to remain in 
the wilderness is the Bame time the witnesses are 
to prophesy. 

The expression, " They ascended up to heaven 
in a cloud," cannot mean heaven, the tiual abode 
of the saints, for then their enemies could not 
have beheld them. It must mean bheir elevation 
to secular power. Accordingly we find that, soon 
after tho great movement, begun by Luther, the 
Protestant religion, or what had been the religion 
of the two witnesses, received the support of some 
of the Governments of Europe. Toleration took 
place where proscription had been before, says 
Mr. Robertson, the historian: "From having been 
viewed hitherto only as ?. religious sect, the Prot- 
estants came now, after the Pacification of Nur- 
emberg, to be considered a political body of no 
Bmall importance." 

Though there were some drawbacks after this, 
to their material prosperity, yet the peace of Pas- 
sau, which took place in 155'^, not only confirmed 
the toleration of Protestants, but also admitted 
them to civil power, invested them with political 
privileges and permitted them to become con- 
stituent members of tho supreme imperial cham- 
ber. Thus we see the witnesses laying off their 
sackcloth and putting on the habiliments of the 
world. No longer were they the oppressed and 
persecuted church of the wilderness, but now, 
protected by the sceptre, aud nestling under the 
shelter of imperial thrones. 

But what was tho result of all this worldly- 
prosperity V Much the same as it was when fche 
primitive church was taken under the fosterin: 
care of the Oesavs, in 313. Then, as after the 
lapae of a little more than two centuries, when 
she had become so impure that the firm adherents 
of truth must leave her communion, aud retire in- 

to obscurity, so now the seeds of corruption soon 
began to spring up. The testimony of the wit- 
nesses was not yet closed; they continued to de- 
nounce the same errors, the superstitions and 
idolatries of the apostasy for over two and a half 
centuries longer, but under a different garb. She 
stooped to political intrigue, entered the unhal- 
lowed arena of secular affairs, and took up arms 
in defense of her principles. Her ministers were 
appointed to high positions iu the State. 

This declension grew worse and worse for near- 
ly two hundred years, when a few earnest souls, 
seeing tho want of piety and Bible purity in the 
Protestant churches, again retired from the blaze 
and din of the world, and read the Holy Script- 

es carefully, prayerfully, with a determination 
to obey them in every particular. The result was 
the religious movement of 1708, at Schwarzenau, 
Germany, by Alexander Mack and his associates. 
This church was at first small, aud, in the eyes of 
the world, insignificant, but she bears the stamp 
of Truth. And by pursuing the same course with 
the two witnesses of the Dark Ages, taking the 
Bible and it alone as her rule, and obeying every 
command, she proves that she ia their successor. 

Again the measuring rod, used by the two wit- 
nesses during their sackcloth days, but now dis- 
carded or misused, is accepted by this body of be- 
ars. It is their only standard. As yet they 
have accepted none other. She is probably des- 
tined to hold aloft the torch of Truth until the 
Master comes. We know of no Christian associa- 
tion at the present time that so fully carries out 
the teachings of the Gospel, both in theory and 
iu practice, as does the German Baptist church. 

Rev. Morgan Edwards once said of this people, 
"God will always have a visible people on earth, 
and these are his people at present above any in 
the world." 

This church has passed through many vicissi- 
tudes since tleeing to the wilderness of America, 
and now she has reached a degree of prosperity. 
Oil that she may retain her purity and her gar- 
ments unsullied! 

Always, in every age, there is some prevailing 
eiu to be exposed by the true witnesses for Christ. 
During the 1,260 years of the Papal domination, 
the true servants of Jesus inveighed against the 
errors peculiar to Popery. It wag their mission 
to expose the prevailing errors of their day, and 
proclaim and practice the Truth in the face of 
those errors. 

The mission of the witnesses of the present 
time is not so much to testify against the errors 
of Rome, as to array themselves against the errors 
peculiar to Protestantism. And what are these 
errors? While they boast, an open Bible, how 
much of it do they ignore? They freely give the 
Scriptures to the people, and profess themselves a 
Bible-loving and a Bible-reading people, yet 
much of it is so thoroughly explained away that 
the commands of God are made of none effect. 
How little of the spirit of primitive Christianity 
is found iu the popular churches of our day! 
Pride and costly display have usurped the chief 
places in these fanes of fashion, and the humble, 
the poor and the lowly, for whom the blessed 
Gospel is specially designed, find no welcome 
within those frescoed walls. Many of the Prot- 
estant churches of to-day vie in splendor with the 
costly cathedrals of Rome. 

We will now try to explain what is meant by 
tho two candlesticks and the two olive-trees, and 
then we are done. There are other points that 
we would like to explain, but want of space for- 

The word translated candlestick, should be 
lamp-bearer, we are told, and in every case in the 
ScriptureB it means a church. The seven candle- 
I sticks are the seven churches of Asia, so ex 

plained by Jesus himself. Rev. 1: 20. By 
church is not meant a house of worship, but a 
company of believers, as the church that was in 
the house of Priscilla and Aquilla. See Rom. 16: 
3, 5; 1 Cor. 16: 19. We also have an account of 
the church which was in the house of Nymphus. 
Col. 4: 15. 

If the candlesticks mean the church, or body 
of believers, what mean the two olive-trees? Let 
us turn to Zechariah 4 where we read: "Then 
answered I, and said unto him, What are these 
two olive trees upon the right side of the candle- 
stick and upon the left side thereof? And I an- 
swered again, and said unto him, What be these 
two olive branches, which through the two gold- 
en pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves? 
And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not 
what these things be? And I said, No, my lord. 
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, 
that stand by 1 he Lord of the whole earth." 

ow we know that it was the office of the priest 
to stand before the Lord. None but the prieat 
could enter the holy place, and the most holy 
only the high-priest could enter. The. priests 
were called the sons of oil, or the communicators 
of oil. It is the high privilege of the minister of 
the Gospel to convey the oil of God's love from 
the great fountain, the Bible, to the people under 
his charge. 

Then we have in these symbols of the two wit- 
nesses, the entire church, ministers and people, 
the candlesticks or laity, and the olive-trees or 
ministers. The precious assurance is that in ev- 
ery age there shall be a Christian people and a 
consecrated ministry, for how can the people hear 
without a preacher? 

Sellars, III. 



Directions for the settlement of trespasses, of 
an individual character, are fully and plainly 
m by the Savior in Matt. 18, aud the least, 
deviation from the instruction there given, in- 
ariably results in confusion. 
When the first and second steps are taken, and 
o reconciliation is effected, then the instruction 
p, " Tell it unto the church." The trouble now 
comes before the church for adjustment, and 
hence is a public offense, because the whole body 
is grieved. 

Now, if the offender is proven to be in the 
wrong, the church aBks him to acknowledge it, 
upon which the church, with the party first of- 
fended, will forgive him*, but if he will not, then 
his fellowship, by the action of the church, is 
severed, and he is no longer held as a member. 
In the above case we see how the matter passes 
from an individual to a public transgression, and 
I believe that there are but few public offenses 
(if any) that have not been private trespasses or 

To illustrate my vit 
several cases: 

Case 1. — A member, : 
gaged in conversation, 
unbecoming language ; 
should dress fashionably,- 

i fully, I will suppose 

my hearing, while en- 
8s boisterous and very 
r, Buppoee a member 
in a way that is unbe- 

coming a brother or sister. I feel grieved at 
them, and go and tell others about what I have 
heard or seen. Do I do right? No, my course is 
all wrong. I did wrong because I was the offend- 
ed party and should have admonished them my- 
self. I did wrong because my telling others cast 
more or less reflection on their character, while I 
did nothing to gain them. 

Case 2. — I see a brother go into a saloon. He 
comeB out and I see he is intoxicated. I feel 
grieved to know a brother would do so. I turn 

Jan. 10, 1892. 



about and tell the first brother I meet what I 
have seen. Do I do right? No. I don't love 
that brother as I should, or I would not talk 
about him, to the still further injury of his char- 

In all cases of individual and public grievances, 
we should, in trying to correct the wrongs in oth- 
ers, be clothed with the gentle and loving spirit 
of the Master, and thus being clothed, I will pro- 
ceed in a matter like case 1, by going to my 
brother or sister with the object of gaining them, 
for I see they are going astray. I will talk to 
them kindly, and admonish them as to their 
wrongs, and in all probability, I can get them to 
see their error, and get them to promise to be 
more careful. 

Of course, if good admonitions are not heeded, 
and the party will persist in their wrong course, 
it will be the duty of the church to send them a 
visit and then it becomes public. 

In case 2 it is my duty when a brother becomes 
sober, to tell him what I have seen, and with the 
loving spirit of Christ, try to get him to see the 
sin committed, and in all probability he will say 
he did wrong and confess it to me, but that will 
not be sufficient, because it was a trespass 
against the body. Then I would advise him to 
come before the church at the first opportunity, 
state his own case and ask the church to forgive 
him, but if he will not do this, then the church 
will be under obligation to send brethren to visit 
him, try to get him to see the wrong, and ask him 
to appear before the church for a hearing. 

In the supposed cases, above alluded to, we 
have first an individual, and secondly a public 
trespass, and neither case should be allowed to be 
brought into open council before the party, first 
aggrieved, had done his duty. 

The above was suggested by the thought that it 
is to be greatly feared, that many of us, profess- 
ing to be children of God, do not exercise suffi- 
cient love for the erring ones who have gone 
ustray. See Matt. 18: 12. 

" Speak gently to the erring ones; 
Ye know not all the power. 
With which the dark temptation came, 
In some unguarded hour, 
" Speak gently to the erring ouch ; 
O do not thou forget, 
However darkly stained by sin, 
He is thy brother yet." 

Mi Carroll, III. 



By resurrection here we mean "the rising 
again from the dead; the resumption of life." 
There are three kinds of life mentioned in the 
Bible,— natural, spiritual and eternal. Natural 
life consists in the union of the soul and body. 
Spiritual life consists in the union of the soul and 
God. Eternal life consists in the communion of 
the body and soul with God in the realms of glory. 

Corresponding, to these three kinds of life, 
there are three kinds of death,— natural, spiritual 
and eternal. Natural death is the separation of 
soul and body. Spiritual death is the separation 
of the soul and God. Eternal death is the sep- 
aration of body and soul from God in the world 
to come. 

We have said that natural death is the separa- 
tion of soul and body. Permit a few passages aB 
proof-texts. "As her soul was in departing, (for 
she died)." Gen. 35: 18. "O Lord, my God, I 
Pray thee, let this child's soul come into him 
"gain. And the soul of the child came iuto him 
again, and he revived." 1 Kings 17: 21, 22. The 
soul of the child had departed from the body, 
which was death. It came into him again, which 

was life. Stephen prayed, "Lord Jesus, receive 
my spirit." 

Paul taught the same doctrine: "We ar„- con- 
fident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from 
the body, and to be present with the Lord." 
Since resurrection is the rising again from the 
dead, and the resumption of life, the reader will 
at once see the force of the remarks above. 
Whether our works are good or wicked, they are 
done while our souls are in the body, aud, there- 
fore, soul and body must again be united when we 
receive our reward, whether good or bad. 

"A certain writer presents this truth as follows: 
"The divine laws are the rule of duty to the eu- 

e man, and not to the soul only; aud they are 
piolated by the soul aud body in con- 
junction; the soul designs, the body executes. 
The senses are the open ports to admit tempta- 
tions. Carual affections deprave the soul, cor- 
rupt the mind aud mislead it. The heart is the 
fountain of profaneness, aud the tongue expresses 
it. Thus the members are instruments of iniqui- 
ty, and the body is obedient to the holy soul in 
doing and suffering for God, aud denies its sen- 
sual appetites and satisfactions in compliance 
with reason and grace; the members are instru- 
ments of righteousness. Hence it follows that 
there will be a universal resurrection, that the re- 
warding goodness of God may appear in making 
the bodies of his servants gloriously happy with 
their souls, and their souls completely hoppy in 
union with their bodies, to which they have a 
natural inclination, and hie revenging justice may 
be manifest in punishing the bodies of the wicked 
with eternal torments, answeiable to their guilt." 
(Cruden's Complete Concordance, page 487.) 

If death is a separation, then resumption of 
life is a bringing together again This fact is 
proven in 1 Kings 17: 21, 22, where Elijah resur- 
rected the child Hence, in the resurrection of 
the dead, their bodies and souls must again be 
united. " For I know that my Redeemer liveth, 
and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the 
earth: aud though after my skiu worms & 
stroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God 
Job 19: 25, 26. "Many of them that sleep in the 
dust of the earth shall awake." Dae. 12: '.'. 

We have shown that at deoth the soul leaves 
the body and is not buried with it iu the dust, 
Christ's body that was buried iu the grave, cnuic 
forth agaiu. As the first-fruit is, so will the gen- 
eral harvest be. Permit 
the graves were opened ; at 
saints which slept arose, 
graves after his resurreclic 

It is generally bel 
resurrected to die ; 

illustration: "Anel 

inuy bodies of the 

1 came out of th»i 

Matt 27:52,53. 

vetl that these saints were 

i more. They, no doubt, 

were translated to heaven. "Marvel not at this 
for the hour is coming, iu the which all that are 
iu the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come 
forth; they that have done good, unto the resur- 
rection of life; and tbey that have done evil, unto 
the resurrection of damnation." John 5: 28, 29. 

" If the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from 
the dead dwell in you, he that raised up Christ 
from the dead shall also quicken your mortal 
bodies by his Spirit that dwelleth iu you." Rom. 
8: 11. The morinl bodies of the saints shall be 
quickened, aud the resurrection of Christ shall be 
the pattern after which they shall be raised. Of 
course Christ's body saw no corruption, because 
he had no sin, but still it had to go wherever our 
bodies were, in order to redeem them from the 

" But," says some one, " Christ's body was 
changed, at his ascension, to a spiritual body." 
Some Bible Btudents fail to make the proper dis- 
tinction between tt spiritual body and a s/iirif, 
aud, hence, destroy the doctrine of future recogni- 
tion. They do not understand the "iransfiijunt- 

Won" lesson fully. "We ourselves groan within 
ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, tho re- 
demption of our body." Horn. 8: 23. Paul said 
that I hoy had the first-fruits of the Spirit, 1ml 
were onxiouBly waiting foi the redemption of the 
body. 1 have been aware for years, that there 
are those who do not believe that our human 
bodies will evei bi real) rected from the grave; 
but of Into I learned that somo of tho ministers of 
our church entertain the same view. They be- 
lieve that the Lor,] will bring new, spiritual 
bodies from heaven. We believe in a complete 
Redeemer,— a Redeemer of body and bouI. "O 
grave, where is thy victory?'' 11. will bo swal- 
lowed up by the reanrrection of tho boily. Yea, 
we will say, is swallowed up, for the "first-fruits" 
have already appeared by the resurrection of 
Christ's body. 

Do you doubt the general harvest? Then look 
at the lesurreotiou of tho many bodies of the 
aaints. Resurrection is more than the coming 
forth of the body from the grave. It is also tho 
bringing together of body oud soul, which is the 
resumption of life. Iu 1 Cor. 15: 35, wo have tho 
following question: " How are the dead raised up, 
aud with what body do they eome?" Paul an- 
swors the question by a similitude: "Thou fool, 
that which thou sowest. is not quickened, except 
it die, and that which thou sowest, thou sowest 
not that body that shall be, but bare graiu; it may 
chance of wheat, or of some other grain." The 
expression, "Thou sowest not that, body that shall 
be," is one of the passages that lead many to be- 
lieve that the human body will not bo resurrected. 
True, the grain Hint la bowm decomposes, yet it 
produces and nourishes rent, stalk, leaves uudfull 
corn in tho ear. 

Let us notice Paul's , xplieation of the simili- 
tude; "It is sown in conuptionj it is raised iu in- 
corrnption; it is sown in dishonor; if, is raised in 
glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in 
power; it is sown a natural body; it is raisetl a 
spiritual body." In this explication Paul declares 
four times that the body that is sown is raised. 
Who dare deuy? Some one may say, the contrast 
between the body that is sown and tho one that is 
raised is so great that it cannot be tho same. On 
the same grouud wo might say that tho soul that 
is regenerated, created anew, or redeemed from 
6iu, is not the same as when it was dead in tres- 
passes and sins. The beautiful buttellly is from 
the caterpillar. This' beautiful white paper is 
from refuse or filthy rags. But much greater will 
bo the contrast between mau, as he appears by 
nature, arid as he will appoar when both body and 
soul are redeemed from Bin aud death. But how 
about the wicked? True, their bodies will come 
forth, too, to be uuited with their souls, but nei- 
ther being redeemed from Bin, before the judg- 
ment, they must go to be judged according to the 
deeds doue in the body. If they wero "dogs, and 
sorcerers, aud whoremongers, and murderers, 
and idolaters, and lift re, and extortioners, and 
drunkards," etc , in this world, and were not re- 
generated, as such they will go before the judg- 
ment. What a contrast, then, between the right- 
eous and wicked! Then "he that is unjust, let 
him be, unjust, still: and he which is filthy, let him 
be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be 
righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be ho- 
ly still." 

Here we let the curtain drop. Let ub oil medi- 
tate seriously. 

"A diiop of ink is a very small thing, yet 
dropped into a tumbler of clear water it blackens 
the whole; and so the first oath, the first lie, the 
first glass, may seem very trivial, but they leave a 
dark stain upon one's character. Look out for 
the first stain." 


Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the first day ul the wci-fc, 
let every one oi you lay by him In 
store as God bath prospered him, 
that there be no Ealhcrings when 1 
come."— i Cor. 16: a. 

his hear*, gi 

Lord lovclh 
Cor. 9:?. 

n as he purposeth In 
let blm give. Not 
oi necessity, for the 

a cheerful giver."— 2 

Organization of Missionary Committee. 

Daniel Vanim. 
D. L Miller,! 

Gaurn n. Royi: 

McPlicrson, Kane 
Mt. Morris, HI. 

. Ml. Monk, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

§. W. Hoover, Foreman, Dayb 

S. Bock, Secretary and Treasures Oayl* 

Eff-All donations Intended fur Mis^iom 
Galen B. Roveh, Mi. Munis. 111. 

r^-All money lor Tract Work should 1 

F^r~Moncy may be sent by Money Order. 
On New York or Chicago : ' ' 1 ■ 

BT-Solfcltore are re-queil I olalthfullyi 

Meeting, all 0111 members be 
year tor the Misdlon and Tract Wi 
HfNotes lor the Endowment 1 
retaryol either Work. 

carry out the plan 

I to contribute at leas 
c Church. 

II be had by Writing t 

Jesus is the personal friend of men, but to the 
believer he is more— he is both Advocate and 
Savior. To such his very name is sweet. "It 
has been well said," that it is like honey hi the 
mouth, MELODY IN the ear, AND A JUBILEE 

The friendly reader's atteutioi 
very excellent tracts, published i 
from week to week, and which co 
treatises on a considerable nun 

is called to our 
1 the Messenger 
itain well-written 
ber of the lead- 

ing doctrinal subjects of the Bible. By investing 
11 Buiall sum in the purchase of a few hundred 
tracts or more, and devoting a little time to distrib- 
ute them among neighbors and friends, yon may 
do much good, and thus bs the means of leading 
some wayward but precious soul to the true light. 
It will be money judiciously invested and time well 
spent. What we do for the cause and tho ben- 
efit o£ our fellows, is sure to bring a rich reward. 
"I am, (says David) tby servant; (O Lord) give 
me understanding, that I may know thy testimo- 
nies." Ps. 119: 125.— S. 

The Soul. — The most interesting and greatest 
living question of the age is that which directly 
coucerns the soul. All its tendencies and its re- 
lations are eternal. Every thought, motive and 
purpose of the mind, has, iu its own absorbing aid 
peculiar way, its bearing ami effect upon future 
life and salvation. Upon this very question hangs 
the destiny of immortal souls. No other topic, 
however important, within the scope of human 
possibilities, enfolds fo great a " weight of glory," 
none is of such vital, personal interest, none 
around which entwine and cling so many grave 
responsibilities, and such unspeakable bliss and 
never-ending felicity, at God's right hand] 
this, — the most momentous trer living and 
sorbing of all. It is wholly one of personal pref- 
erence and interest, bo far as human agencies and 
human powers are concerned. Its disposition is 
one of trust, requiring personal effort, thought, 
prudence and application. The subject, more- 
over, embraces a living, personal faith, in a once 
crucified, but now risen, triumphant Savior. Sin 
embitters and destroys the soul, but Jesus SWEET- 


Recently I attended a council-meeting, where 
some things came under my notice of which I 
wish to epeak. When the Treasurer was called to 
give his report, he stated that during the year 
$812 had been raised to carry on the various 
church exp&nseB, and to date $616 had been paid 
out, leaving a balance in the treasury of nearly 
$200. What was to be done with the surplus, 
was the question. There was no church debt to 
be paid; there was no need of carrying it over in- 
to the nest year, because they felt sure if the Lord 
prospered them again, they could just as easily 
raise the same amount. Then, too, the raising of 
this amount had been no burden at all, — only a 
free-will offering. The congregation consists of 
about 300 members, with a shepherd who favors 
doing good in every way, at home and abroad. 
Upon inquiry, the Treasurer said 8105 had been 
paid to the General Mission Work during the 
year, $125 to the District Mission, and a certain 
amount (I failed to make note of it) to the Tract 
Work. The elder said that they, as a church, 
wanted to do at least as well as Annual Meeting 
recommended, believing it was right to do their 
part for the General Mission Work of the church, 
an 1 so, on motion, it was decided to pay $45 more 
to that work, making, for the year, a total of $150. 
Believing their own District Mission as important 
to them as the General Mission, tin church de- 
cided to appropriate $25 to that work. For the 
same reason they applied $10 to the Tract Work, 
making, if I remember correctly, a total of $40 for 

Besides, this church has what they term their 
mission work within their own congregation. 
Their church takes in a large territory, and to at- 
tend some of their meetings means railroad ex- 
pense and much loss of time. Since they believe 
in helping to bear each other's burdens, they 
have a committee and set npart money to bear the 
expense in filling these outposts in their own con- 
gregation. This church is about as near a model 
congregation in missionary work as I know of and 
why? I believe largely because the elder is 
active missionary man. 

Contrast this live church with another that has 
come under my notice, where some of the mem- 
bers quietly collected and sent in money for the 
poor in Denmark, giving instructions not to credit 
congregation, but the individuals, because 
[■ ministers preach down missionary collec- 
tions and such thinge." Thank the Lord for 
such members in such congregations, but many 
are the churches where, because the ministers 
"preach down" such good works, the members, 
hoping they will not be held accountable under 
such circumstances, do nothing. 

Do I hear some one say I am overdrawing? 
No, I believe I am not. I admit I have presented 
extreme cases, but probably you do not know that 
last year only 196 of the 605 congregations in the 
Brotherhood contributed as congregations for the 
spreading of the Gospel. Do you believe that the 
remaining 400 did not contribute because th 
members were opposed to it? There may be some 
such places, but the majority have simply neg. 
lected it, — neglected it in face of the action of 
Annual Meeting in the adoption of the mission, 
ary plan in 1834: *' Let each congregation 
throughout the Brotherhood, adopt some plan to 
solicit each member at least twice each year, etc." 
(1884, Art. 2, Sec. 2, under "How to raise the 
means." ) 

Besides, giving is a duty strongly taught in the 
Bible, and I believe no ono has a right to obey 
one command or teaching and not another, As 

the elder is the shepherd or housekeeper, it is his 
duty, if no one else presents it, to see that the 
church iB solicited. 

Sometimes the elder brings iu the plea of pov- 
erty for his flock Be that as it may, he Bhould 
have solicitors appointed, the members solicited, 
and he should encourage them to give ae the Lord 
has prospered them, and then let each member 
determine whether or not he is too poor. I can 
assure you the rich do not, as a rule, give this 
work a hearty support. 

To illustrate: A certain brother was appointed 
to solicit endowment notes for a charitable pur- 
pose in his District. He went into one of their 
strongest congregations,— strongest both finan- 
cially and numerically,— approached a brother who 
had a section of good land, all paid for and well 
improved, and, after considerable talk, succeeded 
in getting a $10 endowment note. While he was 
soliciting, two widowed sisters, — for fear they 
would be missed, because they were what the 
world calls poor, — Bent word to the solicitor not 
tomiesthein. They made their living by wash- 
ing and week's work, When the solicitor came, 
the one gave him $15 in cash, and the other a 
note of $25. 

While no one can Bhift duty because some one 
else does not favor it, I feel sure that if our elders 
have much, or about all to do with what is the ac- 
tion of the church in missionary work, I conclude 
this, because, where these elders do look after it 
and encourage it, something is done; where they 
neglect it, or discourage it, little is done. 

While this is true and is to be regretted, there 
is reason to be encouraged. The receipts, up to 
Jan. 1, 1892, show an increase over last year's re- 
ceipts to same date, of $2,220.83, and counting in 
$1,151.27, received to Jan. 1, 1892, for the poor in 
Denmark and Sweden (that is mission work in a 
certain sense) the increase is $3,372.10. This is 
hopeful, and I look down five or ten years from 
now and expect to see two-thirds of the congrega- 
tions giving instead of not giving to the Lord. 

Mt. Morris, III 


The following is the report of the Secretary of 
the General Church Erection and Missionary 
Committee for the quarter ending Jan. 5, 1892. 
Should any one have made a donation which does 
not appear in this report, please notify the Secre- 
tary immediately. 

Jesse Wagener, Franklin, Pa., 

Aaron Long, 

Hannah Hibbs, 

D. E, Bowman, 

J. H. Cline, Pennsylvania, 

A' brother, 

L. and J. Woodward, 

Phinas L. Fike 

Grace Wermick, 

1 75 

1 00 

2 00 

T. O. Cloyd, 

A. L. Cloyd, 

B. F. R. Cloyd, 

H. E. Cloyd, 

A. M. Cloyd, 

Claar church, Pennsylvania, 

W". H. Stambaugh, Lamar, Mo., 

McDannel and family, Iowa, 

Jacob Petry, West Manchester, Ohio, . 
Joseph Studebaker, 


1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 
8 08 
5 00 
1 35 


" Left Hand," 50 00 

Lizzie A. Hope, Mandon, N. Dak., 75 

Grundy Co., church, Iowa, 10 60 

Bethel ohurch, Missouri, 2 60 

Fredeni Gumbert, Orbisonia, Pa-, 1 SO 

S, Waterloo ohurohi Iowa, 60 2fi 


Jan. 19, 1892. 


LewiBtown church, Pennsylvania G 2 

Missionary Meeting of North-eastern 

Ohio, 11 74 

Maple Grove church, Ohio, 39 05 

Sandy church, Ohio 5 00 

Mahoning church, Ohio, 6 00 

Fanny Hoover, Cambridge City, Ind 5 00 

Sally Clapper, Moorelaud, Ind., 1 00 

Mrs. S. J. Morgan, Centerville, la 1 00 

Mr. and Mrs. S. C. Kindy, Elkhart, Ind, 10 00 

Middle District of Indiana, 42 00 

Bethel church Sunday-school, Nebr., 5 35 

Effie Eothrock (deceased,) 29 

District of California 5 50 

Sisters of West Dayton church, Ohio, ... 5 3i 

17. T. Farhey, Waterbury, Nebr 5 00 

St. Joseph Sunday- school, lud. 5 71 

Salem church, Ohio, 25 0: 

Sallie M. Pretzman, Springfield, Ohio,.. 2 00 

Back Creek church, Pennsylvania, 5 00 

Daniel Barrick, Byron, 111 , 2 00 

Jas. Keffer, New Virginia, Iowa, 1 25 

Mary B. Mohler, Clyde, Kansas, 1 00 

Hopewell church, Pennsylvania, 1 00 

Emmanuel Henry and wife, Garden 

Grove, Iowa 1 00 

Lewis M. Kob and wife, Garden Grove, 

Iowa, 2 00 

A sister, 5 00 

A. J. Kreps, McVeytown, Pa. 3 00 

Albright congregation of Clover Creek 

church, Pa., 11 12 

Joseph F. Emmert, Waynesborough, Pa., 3 00 

Mrs. Amanda Harris, Mount Morris, 111., 25 

J. A. Murray, Winfield, Kans., 25 

Pyrmont church, Indiana 4 50 

Esterly church, Louisiana 8 70 

Mingo church, Pennsylvania, 12 50 

Covington church, Ohio, 20 33 

Leah T. Miller, 1 00 

Nettle Creek church, Indiana, 2 00 

David Kilhefner and wife, Ephratab, Pa., 1 00 

Kate Butterbaugb, McPherson, Kans , . . 3 00 

A brother, Overbrook, Kane., 10 00 

A brother and sister, Hagerstown, Ind.,. 5 00 

A brother, Pottstown, Pa 10 00 

Mariet Beed, EaBton, W. Va., 5 00 

M. TV. Beed, Easton', W. Va , 10 00 

O. W. Beed, Easton, W. Va., 2 50 

Clara Beed, Easton, W. Va., 2 50 

Grandma and her grandson 1 00 

A sister, Cameron, Mo., 5 00 

Smithfork Sunday-school, Clinton Coun- 
ty, Missouri - 3 00 

Anna "Wright, Kiowa, Kans, 2 00 

J. E. Gnagey, Accident, Md., 10 00 

Sarah Muse, Vinton, Va 1 50 

Daniel Fiaut and family, Connersville, 

Ind 5 00 

Tropico church, California, 10 60 

Johnstown church, Pennsylvania, 34 00 

Baugo church, Indiana, 2 80 

W. H. Hall, Nocona, Texas 5 20 

Samuel Oblinger, "Waterville, Minn., 1 50 

Two sisters, Salem, Oregon, 2 00 

C. C. Stemen and family, Lacona, la., ... 1 69 

Brother and sister, in Jennings, La., 5 00 

S. H. Moyer, Philadelphia, Pa., 1 00 

Mrs. Jincy Harshbarger, Garland, Ohio, 15 

Mary G. Beiff, Bossville, Ind. 1 25 

Borne church, Ohio, 13 00 

A brother, Eockton, Pa. 1 00 

South Bend church, Indiana, 28 50 

Wolf Creek church, Ohio, 17 57 

A sister, Crimora Station, Va , 1 50 

Levi and Florence Clricb, Eiver, Ind.,.. 2 00 

English Eiver church, Iowa, 13 19 

S, W. Bail, South Strabane, Pa., 50 

Pleasant Hill church, Iowa, 2 10 

Mound church, Missouri, 2 20 1 

Yellow Eiver church, Indiana 20 25 

Lizzie Barndollar, Everett, Pa , -. 5 00 

J. S. Hershberger.'Everett, Pa 5 CO 

Logan church, Ohio, 29 50 

Botetourt church, Virginia 18 00 

P. A. and Claiinda Moore, Eoanoke, 111., 2 50 

John Gable and wife, New Sharon, Iowa, I 

Southern District of Illinois, 27 20 

Okaw church, Illinois, 13 50 

Arnold's Grove church, Illinois 11 25 

Two-thirds proceeds of last Annual Meet- 
ing, at Hagerstown, Md 2 000 00 

Burr Oak church, Kansas, : . . . ' 1 50 

Mary M. Mullendore, Claggett's, Md 2 00 

Margaret Calhoun, Everett, Pa., 10 00 

Greene church, Iowa 6 

Monitor church, Kansas, ... 4 05 

Minnie and Ella Sanger, Gatewood, W. 

Va., 2 00 

Elizabeth Johnson, Old Frame, Pa 2 15 

MoBes Walker, Boone, Pa. 5 00 

Michael Weekert, Salmon, Oregon 1 

Ezra Flora (deceased), Divernon, 111.,.. 100 00 

A sister, Missouri 1 00 

Loramie's church, Ohio 2 00 

A brother and sister, Liberty, Ohio, .... 5 00 

D. Winona, Minnesota, 10 00 

Tropico church, California 4 30 

Soalger Creek church, Kansas 5 00 

Sugar Creek church, Ohio 63 90 

N. E. O, Chippewa church 16 61 

Keuka church, Florida 3 12 

E. A. Sbuard, Indiana 25 

Isaac Grady, Indiana, 50 

D. Eothenberger, Indiana, 25 

John Shrock, Indiana 1 00 

A. Miller, Mexico, Ind., 7 50 

A reader of Gospel Messenger, Michi- 
gan, 1 00 

Garrison church, Iowa, 8 00 

Green Spring church, Ohio 5 40 

Lick Creek church, Ohio 13 00 

Sisters of West Da>ton church, Ohio, ... 5 10 

South Waterloo church, Iowa 45 00 

Big Creek church, lllino ; s, 2 10 

A brother, Chicago, 111., 2 00 

K. Leonard, Aurelia, In 1 00 

James Mowery, Arcadia, Nebiv, HO 

May Wilson, Belle Plaine, la., 5 00 

L?vi Simmons, Carrolllon, Ohio 100 

A. J. Striclder, Brazil, la 50 

Elizabeth Hiner, Dee Hill, Va , 2 00 

O. H. Elliott, Gambier, Ohio 1 50 

Christian Wirt, Lswistonn, Minn 1 00 

Walnut church, Indiana, 2 00 

Mrs. Sarah M. Hornish, Jewel, Ohio, 5 00 

James Hossack, Leask Dale, Ont 5 00 

George Hossack, Leask Dale, Ont 5 00 

J enny Hossack, Lea*k Dale, Out 5 00 

A brother and sister, Enterprise, Kans,,. 3 00 
Brother and sister Phineas L. Fike, Dob- 
bin, la., 1 00 

Falling Spring church, Pennsylvania. ... 20 00 

Susan Clapper, Carey, Ohio, 10 00 

Michael G. Donier, Baltic, Ohio 1 00 

Malinda A. Keller, Dallas Centre, la., ... 50 

J. F. Boss, Simpson, W. Va„ 1 00 

Catherine Bogs, Lookout, Iowa, 2 15 

F. C. Cuuuingham, Ottawa, Kans 3 00 

D. B. Heiny and wife, McCool Junction, 

Nebr., 1 04 

Lexington church, 1 25 

Quemahouiug church, Pennsylvania,.... 10 00 

Susan Eothrock, Carlisle, Nebr., 2 50 

Brethren's Sunday-6chool of Woodbury, 

Md 4 90 

A. Z, Gates, Beattie, Kans, 1 08 

Coquille Valley church, Oregon, 17 10 

Caroline Smith, Grelton, Ohio, 2 00 

A brother and sister, Saline City, Ind,, . . 5 00 

G. W. Kephart. Altooua, Pa 2 50 

Abram Hack, Mowersville, Pa 1 40 

E. B., Nocona, Texas, 5 00 

Geo. S. Rowland, Mountville, Pa , 5 00 

Dorrauce church, Kansas, 3 25 

Levi Summer, Campbellsville, Ky 10 00 

Catherine Biggs, Clearmouut, Mo 75 

Susan Owen, Eiver, Ind., 50 

A sister of Upper Cumberland church, 

Pennsylvania 5 00 

M. K. G., Pennsylvania, 2 00 

John Leedy, Andrews, Ind., 2 00 

Levi Burch, Byron, 111 , 50 

Jacob's Creek church, Pennsylvania,.. . 4 00 

M. Snyder, Conrad Grove, In., 5 00 

George J. Klein, Conrad Grove, la., .... 10 00 

Eliza Quagy, Grautsville, Md. 3 40 

Levi and Sarah Stoner, Avion, Ohio, 2 50 

Northern District of Illinois, Ill 16 

Sale of Miller and Sommer Debate Book, 1 50 
Interest on Loans from Endowment 

Fund, 60 60 

Interest on Loans from Mission Fund, ... 20 00 

Interest ou Endowment Notes 690 411 

Galen B. Eoyeh, Sec. 



The following is the program for the Ministeri- 
al Meeting to be li^ld in the Olatho church, Kans., 
Tuesday, precodiug the second Wednesday of 
April, 1892: 

1. "Christian Perfection, from a Bible Stand- 

2. " What are the Leading Points, Essential to 
Successful Church Government?" 

3. " The General Deportnent of Ministers when 
out, as well as in the Pulpit." 

4. ' The Selecting of Subjecls for Preaching by 
which the Congregation may be most Edified. Is 
this a Point that should bo Studied? " 

5. " Ad vantages Gained by Frequent Exchanges 
of Visits by the Ministry." 

6. " The Eight Relation of Each Member to the 
Body,— the Church, — and how to Maintain that 

7. '-How Shall we best Care for the Young 
Members of the Church, so as to Nourish them in 
Divine Life?" 

8. " Would not the Bible alone be a More Effi- 
cient Help in the Sunday-school thau the Quar- 

By order of Committee on Program. 
Morrill, Kans. 


DuitiNO these long winter evenings, I do wish 
that some of the Messenger contributors would 
write, for our valuable paper, carefully-prepared 
articles ou some of these subjects: 

" How may we Obtain a Baptism of the Holy 

" How may we make our Prayers of More Ef- 
"How may we Best Grow Spiritually? " 
" What are our ' Tests of Membership? ' " 
" How can a Layman Best Aid the Great Cause 
of Missions?" A Maryland Brother. 

Whoever would be Christ-like should be will- 
to wear Christ's crown; and the crown iu 
which he was revealed to us was not silver nor 
gold, studded with gems. The crown which Christ 
wore was worthy of him. He came by suffering 
to redeem this world from suffering. Shall the 
servant be greater than the Master? Shall Christ 
suffer and you not? " 


1!1, 1892. 

The G-ospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.30 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor. 

J. II. MOORE, Office Editor, 

{' ,.' RUMBAUGH 'I .... Associate Editors. 

J. G. ROYBR, ( 

JOSEI'H AMICK, Business Manager. 

R. 11. Miller, A. Hutehlion, Daniel Hays. 

ieff-CommuniLatiuns fur publication should be lefiibly written with 
l»lt»ck ink on olio side i>I the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, or 

Eff~Anony .hi:; laiminunicali.uis will m.l l,e published. 

t»~Do not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets [torn all business. 

|»-Tlnie Is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
toanswci <pieslinns ol iiiipiut.uiee, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering of letters. 

VThc MsssiSKGUK Is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad. 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to in it is addressed. II yon do not get your paper, write us, j'ivinir par- 

jyWhen chancing ymn address, please give your former as well as 
your Tuluro address in full, so as to avoid delay and niisundersl.induit:. 

J2rV~.\lwavs reioll to the ollice Irom which you order your goods, no 

tyDo not send peisonal cheeks m drafts on Intciim banks, unless you 
send with them i; cents each, to pay lor collection. 

l»-KcmlttaiiM s s! Id be made by Post-office Money Order, Dralts 

onNew'Vuik, Philadelphia m I liii ,iliii, i u Kegisleied Letters, made iiay- 
ibli an, I ..ddresscd to " Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co.. Huntingdon, Pa." 

(^"Entered at the 1',, t-nliu e .it Mould Mums, 111., as seeoiid-U.iss 

Mount Morris, 111,, 

We learn that Bro. P. E. Wrights; 
moved to McPhersou, Kansas. 

The District Meeting of California will be held 
at Lordsburg, Feb. 8 instead of Feb. 14, as pre- 
viously published. 

Bro. Simon E. Yundi, of this place com- 
menced a series of meetings at Shannon, 111 , the 
.second week in January. 

Bro. Galen B. Royeh is booked for a series of 
meetings at Lanark in February. He is now 
preaching at Waddam's Grove. 

Blto. M. M. Sherbick closed his meetings at 
Panther Creek, Iowa, with fourteen additions in- 
stead of eight, as mentioned last week. 

We hear with regret that Bro. Lemuel Hillery 
had to close an interesting meetiug on account of 
the La Grippe. Bro. Davis Youuce is also very 

The ministerial meeting for Northern Iowa, 
Minnesota and South Dakota will be held one 
week later than stated last. See program in this 

It is said that charity begins at home, but it 
may also be affirmed that it is a very poor charity 
which stops there. The true charity goes out to 
help others. 

At present we are having winter in real earnest. 
The ground is covered with several inches of 
suow, making excelleut sleighing. One morning 
the mercury dropped to thirteen degrees below 

While we cannot give the names of all those 
who have visited us timing the last two weeks, we 
nevertheless do appreciate their calls and feel to 
rejoice that they are enjoying themselves so well 
among us. 

Bro. D. S. T. Butterbaugh, our agent at North 
Manchester, Ind., writes that La Grippe is 
spreading, both in the city and in the country. 
Bro. Butterbaugh himself has just recovered from 
an attack of Ihe disease. 

After making two or three fortunes for others, 
Blind Tom, tire musical prodigy, has been turned 
over to an insane asylum. This is cold charity 

Blto. O. K. Parsons, of Swearengin, Ala., in a 
letter juBt received, speaks of their great desire to 
have some of the brethren, passing that way, stop 
and preach for them. He lives in Marshall Coun- 
ty and may be addressed as above. 

The Annual Meeting of 1873 decided that it 
would not be proper for any of our ministers, 
(knowingly) to solemnize a marriage where one 
of the parties has a divorced companion living. 
This we state in answer to an inquiry sent us by 
a brother. 

May not some of our ministers profit by this 
rather witty colloquy: "Isn't the sermon nearly 
done! About an hour yet. He is only on his 
' lastly.' Will it take him an hour to get through 
his 'lastly' ? No; but there's the 'one word and 
I am done,' and the ' finally,' and the ' in conclu- 
sion ' to come yet." 

One writer says that our nation is spending 
more money for intoxicating drinks than for all 
the bread it eats, and all the clothes it wears, for 
all the books it reads, or for all the churches it 
has ever built. If every one of its accursed drink- 
ing saloons could be shut up, and every bottle 
smashed forever, we should have good times in 
thirty days. 

The Committee, in charge of the funds for 
Western Sufferers, proposes to devote about $200 
of its funds to the relief of the sufferers in Russia. 
Many of the donors to the fund have expressed a 
desire (hat something be done for Bussia, and, 
provided there are no objections offered by the 
contributors to the fund, the committee will feel 
at liberty to proceed as above stated. 

The Educator and Companion, McPherson, 
Kaus., comes to us in a new dress, considerably 
enlarged and improved. From its last issue we 
clip the following: " We are glad to inform our 
many readers that Bro. Sharp is rapidly recover- 
ing from the accident which befell him a few 
weeks ago. He has been in his office several times, 
and expects to be able to take up his duties again 
next week." 

Among all denominations the effort to keep the 
house of God free from defilement, meets with 
strong opposition from those who love " darkness 
rather than light." In New York three of the 
members of the vestry of the Church of the Re- 
deemer, have resigned because Dr. Parker de- 
clined to allow an entertainment to be held at the 
hurch for which an admission fee was to be 
charged. The majority of the members of the 
vestry say that the withdrawal of these three men 
will, in no way, affect the prosperity of the church, 
and why should the withdrawal of such members 
affect the prosperity of any Christian assembly? 
Dr. Parker is to be commended. 

One of the missionaries in China, writing con- 
cerning the recent persecutions of Christians says: 
"We have saved nothing; just escaped in the 
clothes in which we stood, and we were pressed 
for time. The baby was snatched out of her bath 
and carried on board the steamer. The Catholic 
Sisters and Father Braun were very severely 
handled, bruised and cut till their robes were lit- 
erally steeped in blood. It is quite a miracle how 
all of them escaped alive. Had the riot been de- 
layed ten minutes longer the steamer would have 
left the port, as it was to start at noon. In that 
case there must have been such a massacre as has 
never taken place in China, as murder was evi- 
dently intended." 

The holiday week of 1891 will long be remem- 
bered in England on account of a dense fog which 
spread over the whole island, rendering it so dark, 
even at midday, that people could not see to walk 
the streets without the aid of lights. Business 
was practically suspended during the week. Many 
accidents occurred, and a number of lives were 
lost, while the mercantile community suffered 

In common with all of our readers, we greatly 
regret that it was necessary for brother and sister 
Miller to abandon, for the present, their trip 
through the Bible Lands, for thousands were an- 
ticipating information that would have been of 
great value, but we certainly do rejoice to have 
them with us again. It is also to be hoped that a 
few months' rest in their pleasant home at Mt. 
Morris will restore sister Miller's health. 

The following story, told of a clergyman, con- 
tains an excellent lesson. After preaching an in- 
teresting sermon on the " Recognition of Friends 
in Heaven," he was accosted by a hearer, who 
said: "I liked that sermon, and now I wish you 
would preach another on the recognition of peo- 
ple in this world. I have been attending your 
church three years, and not five persons in the 
congregation have so much as bowed to me in all 
that time." 

The 20,000,000 starving people in Russia are 
awakening the sympathies of our nation. A move- 
ment is ou foot at Minneapolis to send a shipload 
of flour to the suffering people. The Government 
is to send it over in one of its own vessels. This 
is certainly a commendable act upon the part of 
both the people and the Government. It will, 
doubtless, be followed up by other movements of 
charity. The more advanoed civilized nations 
have now an opportunity of teaching the people 
of Russia an important lesson in behalf of suffer- 
ing humanity. 

Only a short time ago the number of persons 
in India professing Christianity might be counted 
on one's fingers, but now it is said that a person 
can travel from one end of that great land to an- 
other and stop each night with a Methodist class- 
leader. We would like to see it that favorable for 
the Brethren in the United States, and it can be 
accomplished if we only go about the work earn, 
estly and intelligently. We ought to have dis- 
trict evangelists to look after all of the isolated 
points in the territory covered by State Districts, 
so the General Mission Board could give more at- 
tention to the work in other localities. Foreign 
fields should, by no means, be neglected, but there 
an astonishing amount of home missionary 
rk to which we certainly ought to give both our 
attention and strength. 

We do not knowingly refuse to send the Mes- 
senger to any of our worthy poor, having confi- 
dence in our brethren that they will help us to 
bear the burden by contributing to the poor fund, 
but we regret to say that we are sometimes im- 
posed upon by members who plead poverty, and 
thus get the paper free, when, in fact, they are 
abundantly able to pay for it. When worthy poor 
are recommended by any of our agents, or some 
of the church officials, we have no reason to doubt 
r poverty, but when they make a personal re- 
quest for the Messenger, stating that they are too 
poor to pay for it, we think it no more than just 
that they accompany their request with a certifi- 
cate signed by one of our agents, or some of the 
church officials, stating that the party, making ap- 
plication for the paper, is not able to pay for it. 
This will not deprive any of the worthy poor from 
getting the paper, and at the same time will pre- 
vent us from being imposed upon by the unworthy. 



Bro. Wilbur B. Stover, of Edgemont, Md, 
has decided to go to Germantown, Pa , and labor 
for the interest of the little church at that, place. 
He feels that he is entering upon an impoitant 
work, and it is to be hoped that he may not only 
keep alive the fire that has loug been burning ta 
the sacred altar at that place, but that he may, in 
a measure, be the means of greatly reviving the 
work of Zion, eo as to restore this congregation to 
something like its former greatness and usefulness 
in the Brotherhood. 

Near the center of Africa is Lake Victoria Ny- 
auza, a body of water nearly 600 miles in circum- 
ference, and very deep. To this point the mis- 
sionaries have penetrated and seem to be doing a 
very successful work. A 6teel steamer has just 
been completed in England for use on this lake. 
It will likely be transported over land, about 600 
miles, and is to be employed in the interest of mis- 
sionaries and commerce. A few years ago this 
part of the Dark Continent was peopled by savag- 
es, but in a short time this lake will be covered 
with steamers and civilization will lake the sway. 

Brethren R. H. Miller and I. D. Parker are 
with us at this time, doing some excellent preach- 
iug. If health permits, they may deliver about 
twenty discourses on doctrine and church govern- 
ment. We hope to be able to publish some of 
these sermons in the Messenger. The discourses 
are all prepared especially for these meetings and 
are listened to with profound interest by hun- 
dreds who seem to greatly appreciate the efforts 
which our preachers are making It is indeed a 
rich feast for those who are seeking further infor- 
mation concerning the great truths of the Bible. 

A sister hands us this beautiful extract, the 
prayer of a devout wife for her husband. Would 
it not be wise for husbands, as well as wives, to 
often pray such prayers? "Lord, bless and pre- 
serve that dear person whom thou hast choEen to 
be my husband. Let his life be long and blessed, 
comfortable and holy, and let me also become a 
great blessing and comfort unto him— a sharer in 
all his sorrows, a meet helper in all his accidents 
and changes in the world. Make me amiable for- 
ever in his eyes and forever dear to him. Unite 
his heart to me in the dearest love and holiness, 
and mine to him in all sweetness, charity and com- 
pliance. Keep me from all ungentleness and dis- 
contentedness and unreasonableness, and make 
me humble and obedient, useful and observant, 
that we may delight in each other according to 
thy Blessed Word and both of us may rejoice in 
thee, having our portion in the love and service 
of God forever. Amen." 

We have just printed the Minutes of the Dif- 
trict Meeting of Tennessee, North Carolina and 
Florida. From it we glean a few items that may 
be of general interest. This District is compoEed 
of thirty congregations and nine of these are in 
North Carolina, one in Florida and the remaining 
twenty in Tennessee. Bro. G. C. Bowman repre- 
sents the District on the next Standing Commit- 
tee. Looking over the missionary reports we not- 
ice that during the past year Bro. F. W. Dove 
traveled 3,700 miles, held nearly seventy meet- 
ings, received by baptism thirty-six and reclaimed 
seven. Bro. A- J. Vines assisted him in part of 
the work. Bro. G. C. Bowman reported nearly 
5,000 miles traveled, organized one church, at- 
tended 173 meetings and received twenty-three in- 
to the church, making a total of sixty six received 
into the church by baptism and restcri'tioa. Twen- 
ty-one of these united with the church in Mis- 
souri. The report shows that our Southern breth- 
ren are by no means idle, and that there ;s a 
grand opening for our people in the South, 

I wish you would make an tdltorial concerning Ihc use of 
some phrases. I have been recently in sections where outsld- 
ers make much sport of our minister, for the use of thread- 
bare terms like these: " 1 wish liberty," " Brethren, be free," 
"The poet says," " I want Xo make a few remarks" and "I 
will row yive it over to the Brethren." In themselves these 
phrases are full of meaning, but by excessive use they become 
almost by-words for s„tne. This is a cause for offense or 
sport that might be avoided It pains me at times when I see 
such causes for sport * ' * 

The above comes from a brother who is deeply 
concerned for the chuich. Wo think the mere 
publishing of his request will be a sufficient sug- 
gestion to those who have never given these 
phrases the thought that our brother has. A hint 
to the wise is generally sufficient. 

A brother wishes to know whether sisters may, 
with propriety, speak in prayer-meetings and 
teach in Sunday-schools? Certainly they may. 
We have sisters that superintend Sunday- schools, 
hundreds teach in Sunday-schools, and all of them 
may, with perfect propriety, speak in prayer-meet- 
ing, or even lead, if called on to do so. They are 
also permitted to speak in our regular council- 
meetings. Years ago we had a sister in Ohio, sis- 
ter Sarah Major, who often preached in a most ac- 
ceptable manner. So far as Sunday-school work 
and prayer- meetings are concerned, we have al- 
ways encouraged our sisters to use freely the priv- 
ileges granted them to speak, teach or lead. This 
is in perfect harmony with the faith and practice 
of the Brethren church so far as we know. 


We did not have space in last issue to say much 
concerning the work of the General Mission Board 
which met here the first week in January. The 
more we see of the doings of this Board, the more 
do we become convinced that it has an important 
undertaking before it, and is doing its utmost to 
carry forward the work which the General Broth- 
erhood has placed in its hands. The Board is 
composed of men of sound judgment, who are ex- 
tremely cautious regarding every department of 
their work. We only wish our people knew of 
the care and prudence the Board is exercising in 
all of its undertakings. 

We wish to impress upon the minds of our mem- 
bers the fact that the more aggressive the District 
Mission Boards are in States where missionary 
work is needed, the more our General Board can 
accomplish, for much of their work must be done 
through these District Boards. Not so much 
work is being accomplished as we would like to 
see, but under the circumstances we could hardly 
expect more. As our ministers become better 
skilled in this line of work, and more of them can 
be induced to enter the field fully equipped for 
the duties and privations of the mission fields, we 
may look for greater results. And yet we must 
say that the outlook is real encouraging. 

The work in Denmark received a good deal of 
attention at this meeting, and we feel confident 
that our brethren across the waters are doing a no- 
ble work. Steps will be taken to build another 
meeting-house at the place mentioned by Bro. 
Hope several weeks ago. Some have already sent 
in donations to aid in the construction of this 
house, and others who feel to help in the work can 
send their contributions to Bro. Galen B. Boyer. 
The Brethren in Denmark are not only having a 
hard struggle, but they are working earnestly, and 
it is no more than right that we encourage them 
in their difficult labors. They labor under diffi- 
culties unknown in this country, and our Mission 
Board rs acting wisely in giving them the needed 
and substantial encouragement. J. H, m. 


Christ is the real foundation of the Christian 
church. Paul says, " Other foundation can no 
man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ." 
1 Cor. 3: 11. Paul also refers to Christ when, in 
the preceding verse, he says, " I have laid the 
foundation and another buildeth thereon." From 
this Scripture we learn that the foundation may 
be laid by man. Preaching Christ is the laying 
of the foundation in the hearts of the people. The 
miuister who proclaims the death, burial, resur- 
rection and ascension of Christ, and demonstrates 
to the people that Jesus was crucified, buried and 
arose from the dead on the third day, and then as- 
cended to the Father, lays the foundation of 
Christianity in the hearts of the people, and thus 
prepares them to receive his teachings. That is 
the way Paul laid the foundation of Christianity 
at Corinth. He was a " wise master builder" and 
knew how to lay a foundation. Wherever the 
apostles traveled they proolainied the resurrection 
of Christ. Peter, on Pentecost, as well as Paul at 
Athens, proclaimed boldly the resurrection of Je- 
sus, maintaining that God had raised him from 
the dead. 

The whole question hinged on that one point, 
viz., the resurrection of Christ from the dead. If 
God raised him from the dead he must be a true 
prophet, for God would not raise a false prophet 
from the tomb. If he be a true prophet then he 
muBt be the Son of God, and therefore all he said 
and commanded must be true and should be 
obeyed. The man who believes in his heart that 
God raised Christ from the dead must, of neces- 
sity, believe that he is divine. Therefore it was 
all-important for the apostles to make it clear to 
the minds of the people that Christ really did 
arise from the dead. Well may Paul have said, 
"If Christ be not risen, then is our preaching 
vaiu, and your faith is vain also." 1 Cor. 15: 14. 
Thus it was that the foundation was laid in the 
hearts of the people by demonstration to them 
that JeBus really did arise from the dead, and was 
therefore the Son of God, authorized to make 
known the law of heaven to the children of men. 

It is upon Christ that the church is founded. 
Without Christ there could be no Christian 
church, for he is both the head and foundation of 
it as well as the chief corner-Btone thereof. And 
it is upon this foundation that the whole Chris- 
tian church must rest. As previously quoted, 
Paul could lay the foundation, but others built 
thereon. In Ephesians it is declared that the 
saints " are built upon the foundation of the apos- 
tles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the 
chief cornerstone." Eph. 2: 20. Christ is the 
foundation of both the apostles and prophets. 
The latter preach Christ in prophecy while the 
former preached him in fact. The prophets, in 
olden times, laid the foundation of Christ in 
prophecy by proclaiming his coming, and all 
those who believed their teachings had the foun- 
dation laid in their hearts. " Believest thou the 
prophets?" was the keen question that Paul put 
to King Agrippa. To believe the prophets was to 
believe that Christ arose from the dead, for they 
prophesied concerning his resurrection. But aft- 
er he arose, then the apostles and others went ev- 
ery-where, proclaiming in fact what the prophets 
had proclaimed in prophecy. Christ is, therefore, 
the foundation of both the apostles and prophets. 
It is upon Christ that they rest, for upon him 
their faith is founded. They are no foundation 


Jan. 19, 1892. 

themselves, for the church does not rest upon 
them. However, the npostles are, with others, 
atones in tjie great spiritual building, of which 
Christ is the true foundation. 

Paul again refers to this foundation in Heb. 6: 
1 when he says, "Not laying again the foundation 
of repentance from dead works, and of faith to- 
wards God," or, as the Campbell, Macknight and 
Doddridge rendering has it, " not laying again 
the foundation concerning reformation from dead 
works." Christ is the foundation of all genuine 
repentance, without which there can be no repent- 
ance or reformation from dead works. To preach 
Jesus as the Christ, that God raised him from the 
dead, and that the people shall obey him in all 
things that he has commanded, is to lay in the 
hearts of the people the foundation concerning 
all genuine repentance. 

The laying of this foundation aright is a task 
well worth the efforts of a " wiae master-builder." 
Not only so, but a well-laid foundation is the real 
essential part of genuine conversion. Thousands 
have made shipwreck of their faith for the want 
of a solid foundation. But one that is firmly and 
deeply laid will stand both time and persecution. 
Well did Christ say to Peter, " The gates of hell 
shall not prevail against it." Not all ministers 
are good at laying the foundation, hence the im- 
portance of giving this matter special considera- 
tion, in order to see that the foundation is well 
laid wherever thero is, or is to be, a collection of 
believers. We also urge the importance of every 
believer making himself acquainted with the foun- 
dation factB of Christianity, and especially would 
we urge the necessity of ministers preparing them- 
selveB to rightly lay the foundation of Christian- 
ity before they attempt 1o build up churches. Too 
many churches, we fear, are built without a well 
and firmly-laid foundation, and therefore soon 
come to naught,. j, h, m. 

the modern inventions of war, which are becom- 
ing bo destructive to human life, that the battle- 
field means almost certain death to the majority 
of men who enter into the conflict. Art may jet 
have to do what popular Christianity has, for 
centuries, declined to do. Besides, the enormous 
debts that are being piled up against national 
prosperity is causing the thinking people of all 
civilized lands to long for the era of universal 

Some additional idea may be had of the enor- 
mous cost of war when it is known that the test- 
ing of one of the late large twelve-inch steel rifles, 
cost our government $60,000.00. This thing will 
probably go on until civilization itself will be- 
come disgusted at it. J. H. m. 


The fourth Bulletin of Church Statistics has 
been issued by the Government, aud contains 
much that would prove interesting reading for 
our people, had we Bpace to give it. The Inde- 
pendent for Dec. 17, however, contains a well-pre- 
pared Bummary, from which we glean the follow- 
ing facts. Much space is taken up with the re- 
port of the Mennonite churches, which are very 
much divided, presenting a rather unpleasant 
feature in that respect. They number twelve di 
visions, with a total membership of 41,541, the 
largest body being the Mennonites, proper, with 
17,078 members, and the smallest, the Apostolic 
Mennonites, with only 209 members. 

The Church of God, sometimes known as the 
Winebrenuerians, has a total membership of 22,- 

The Bulletin contains a very interesting ac- 
count of the Brethren, giving us a membership of 
61,101, which, of course, has been considerably in- 
creased during the last year. We clip the follow- 
ing, which is a very fair description of 


The cost of war and standing armies in some of 
the European countries is becoming appalling. 
In France the present debt is said to exceed six 
and a quarter billion dollars, while the public 
debt of Italy is over two and one-half billion dol- 
lars. Russia also has an enormous debt, while 
all the leading countries of the old world are 
maintaining immense standing armies at great 
cost. To support these vast armies, pay the in- 
terest on the stupendous debt and keep up other 
public expenses is fiuancial ruin in the end. All 
of this is the result of war, which is not only anti- 
Christian, but without the least grain of reason 
in its defense. There is but oue remedy, and that 
is peace on earth and good will towards i 
This will never happen until the churches of 
Christendom will adopt and preach the anti-war. 
doctrine of ihe New Testament. At present the 
peace doctrine is preached only by the Brethren, 
and a few other small organizations, while at least 
ninety-nine per cent of the popular churches, in 
their faith and practice, have never placed them- 
selves upon record in opposition to war. It will, 
therefore, be seen that we have, in opposition to 
our anti-war views, the main strength of modern 
Christendom. It is a small force against mighty 

We, however, feel confident that the anti-war 
principles are gaining ground rapidly, not alto- 
gether on account of what Christianity is doing, 
but on account of what is being brought about by 

sin of water and a towel, and the sisters performing the same 
service among themselves. After the Supper, before the 
Communion is administered, the members of the sexes separ- 
ately extend the right hand of fellowship to one another, and 
exchange the " kiss of charity." 

The congregations are organized into District, and the 
Districts elect representatives to an Annual Meeting, whose 
decisions are binding on the whole Church. The ministry 
consists of bishops or elders, ministers and deacons^, all ni. 
whom are elected by the congregations. 

The Brethren, sometimes called German Baptists, but more 
often Dunkards or Tunkers, trace Iheir origin to Alexander 
Mack, one of a small company of Pietists who had fled the 
province of Wlrgenstein, Germany, to escape persecution. 
Meeting together for the study of the Bible, they were led to 
renounce the creed in which they had been instructed, and to 
form the purpose to follow literally the teachings of the 
Scriptures, In 1 70S Alexander Mack became their minister, 
and after the members had been baptized in the Eder by trine 
immersion, a church was organized. Mr. Mack preached 
both in Germany and Holland, whence he and his whole 
company came to America in 1719, and settled in Philadelphia 
and vicinity. From this beginning they have spread over 
the Northern, the Border, and the Western States. 

Among the early immigrants was Christopher Saur, who 
first printed the Bible In German in America. It is said that 
after the Battle of Germarttown, in the Revolutionary War. the 
British soldiers littered their horses with unbound sheets of 
this Bible. After the soldiers evacuated the place, Mr. Saur 
secured from the stables sufficient unsoiled sheets to make 
veral complete BibUs 

In the doctrine the Brethren do not differ from other evan- 
gelical churches. In practice they a'm to follow very closely 
what the Scriptures set forth, and to preserve the prlmiliv 
simplicity of the Apostolic Church; they regard nor 
conformity to the worl 1 as an Important principle Tiiey en- 
join plainness in dress, settle their difficulties among them- 
selves without resorting to the courts, affirm instead of taking 
an oath, refrain from active participation in politics, keep aloof 
from membership in secret societies, and discountenance the 
use of tobacco. For more than one hundred years they have 
had a rule against the manufacture, sale and use of intoxi- 

In usage they observe the form of trine immersion, usually 
in rivers or other running waters. They baptize believers on- 
ly, dipping them face forward at the mention of each name of 
the Trinity in the baptism formula. The ceremony of Com- 
munion of bread and wine is observed In the evening after a 
full meal served at tables which is called the Lord's Supper, 
Before the Supper Is eaten, the ordinance of feet-washing la 

observed, the Brethren washing on* BtinthT'e feet wllh 9 ha* 


Many of our members regret the lack of finan- 
cial ability among our ministers and sometimes, 
speak of it in very uncomplimentary terms.. 
When we take into consideration the facts that . 
our preachers make their own living, and serve 1 
their congregations free, and yet get along about 
as well as many of the paid ministers of other 
churches, we conclude that there is very little 1 
ground for complaint. The following facts, which 
are gleaned from one of our exchangee, may possi- - 
bly modify the views of eome who think our 
preachers are lacking in financial ability above ■ 
that of others: 

Mr. Spurgeon's benevolence is so well known '. 
that of late, he has been sorely annoyed by all 
kinds of begging letters. In the days of active • 
work, with the single exception of Mr. Gladstone, 
he receives the largest mail of any man in the • 
three kingdoms. A great many of his letters from 
Bailors, from soldiers, from poor fellows whom he - 
has managed to keep out of the gutter, are simply 
addressed , " Spurgeon, England." To these he re- - 
plies cheerfully, and is always ready to give ad- ■ 
vice. Nor is this all. He gives freely of his mon- 
ey. In fact, he is a poor man. If it were not for 
the kindness of his congregation he would be pen- 
niless. A few years ago they purchased for him 
the house he now occupies. Upon the occasion 
of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his pastorate ■ 
his congregation presented him with a large purse 
of money as a token of its esteem. It was intend- 
ed that he should pay off the mortgage on his 
house and take the remainder for a holiday. . 
He did nothing of the kind; he divided the large 
sum equally between the Pastors' College and the 
Orphanage. If it were not for the prudence of 
some of his friends who insisted that it wan his- 
duty to keep his house free, he would, to-day, be 
living in hired apartments. His money is only/ 
given to those who deserve it. 

The Argentine Republic, in South America, has 
sold to Baron Hirsch 1.000 Fquare miles of land 
for $1,000,000 in gold. It vras purchased for the 
purpose of settling Russian Jews thereon, and 
will furnish homes for about one hundred thou- 
sand, possibly more. 

The Superintendent of the Dead Letter Office, 
in his report, t» lla ^'hat a careless set of people 
we have in this country. Read the following re- 
port: "6,293,460 pieces of original dead mail mat- 
ter were received during the year. Of the unde- 
livered matter received 422,639 were letters misdi- 
rected. Of the undelivered letters 27,677 were en- 
tirely blank, many of them containing drafts, mon- 
ey, checks and other valuable commercial paper. 
There were 104,673 held for postage; 32,273 con- 
tained money amounting to £47,983. Of these 
21,183, or 70 per cent, containing $36,759, were fi- 
nally delivered to the owners, while 90,0 10, with 
§11,223, were undeliverable; 30,303 were found to 
contain drafts, checks, etc., representing $1,862,- 
2^3." If everybody would place their name and 
address on thp upper left hand corner of the en- 
velope, very few letters would go to the Dead Let- 
ter Office, 

Jan. 13, 1832. 



" Write what thou s 

In "riinggve name ol church, County and State. Be brief. Notes ol 
Iravel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisement! are not so- 
licited lor this Department. We have an advertising page, and il neces- 
sary, will issue supplements. 

From Darkesville, W. Va. 

Bito. Abraham Rowland, of Hageratown, Md., 
came to this place Dec. 21, and preached that 
evening, and also the following evening. We 
contemplate holding a series of meetings °in the 
near future. Our Methodist friends asked us to 
have meetings, and they also gave us the nse of 
their church. Some of them expressed themselves 
as not satisfied with their preseot church rela- 
tions, and say that we do as we are taught in the 
Scriptures. There Beems to be quite a stir among 
the people in this part of the country. 


Dec 24. 

tmu of Ihings in this country. Frost has bee 
seen here sevvral morniugs and ice was to be see 
at different times. To-day (New Year's Day) the, 
weather is beautiful. The sun shiues with all its 
beanty,-for we had a heavy rain only two days 
ago, and that seems to add new beauty to all nat- 
ure around. I am doing as well as I could ex- 
peel; the mildness of the climate is greatly in my 
favor. We are having meetings regularly ever 
since I arrived. The attendance is not very large, 
but very regular. The people are generally good 
listeners, but not all full believers. I have hopes 
that I will be able to get through the winter in 
— Th condition as to be able to continue the good 
rk when I get home, A. HoTonisON. 

On the Way. 

From the Macoupin Creek Church, Montgomery 
County, 111. 

The members of this church met Dec. 18 to do 
some work in the house of the Lord. The bus- 
iness that came before the meeting was transacted 
very pleasantly. After the general church busi- 
ness was over, the ordination of Bro. Michael 
Flory to the eldership took place. Onr elder, M. 
J. McCIure, being absent on account of sickness 
in hie family, sent Eld. David Frantz of Cerro 
Gordo to us, who took charge of the ordination. 
May God be with the brother now forwarded, that 
he may be a shining example to the flock wherev- 
er he may chance to be called, is our prayer. 

To-day, Dec. 27, we had the opportunity of 

listening to a very practical sermon, preached at 

Pleasant Hill by Eld. Daniel Vaniman. 

_ S. W. Stutzman. 

Deo. 27. 

From Moscow, Idaho. 

Bro. Daniel Cosner, wife, and family of ten 
children, came from Virginia eight years ago and 
settled fifty miles north of Spokane. Having re- 
cently moved to the City of Spokane, the children 
said, " Mother, let us try to get a minister of the 
Brethren to come and give us some meetings on 
Christmas Day. We would rather spend Christ- 
mas in that way than in the way it is generally 

Sister Cosner wrote, and the writer consented 
to go. How the family did rejoice to see ub! We 
had five very happy and, we truBt, profitable meet- 
ings with the family and others that met with us. 
Think of it, you that have the privilege of meet- 
ing once a week and oftener! Three of the chil- 
dren manifested a desire to unite with the church. 
Bro. Cosner and wife gave me their letters of rec- 
ommendation, which state that he is a minister in 
the second degree. They expressed a desire to 
move where there is an organized church, and we 
hope they will do so. The work moves slowly in 
this country, but our labor is not in vain. God 
will give the increase! Sidney Hodqden. 

Dec. 31. 

A Happy New Year to You All. 

I mean to all the friends and readers of the 
Messenger. This New Year's morning finds the 
writer in Glendora, Cal., and in as good health as 
he has enjoyed for many years. Tha trinte r, thus 
far, has been rather different from what ia the 
rule here,— so say the people who have been liv- 
ing here a number of years. The heavy wind of 
Dec. 10, was very much out of the normal <x»Ai- 

I closed a two weeks' Beries of meetings, held 
in the Greentown District, Howard Co., Iud. 
During the last week of our meeting, the roads 
were almost impassable. One sister was baptized. 
She came, notwithstanding much opposition, but 
her bravery carried her through. The Brethren 
in the Greentown church are weak in the minis- 
try, and need help. Will Southern Indiana come 
and help them? I was called to see an old lady 
(Patsy Sayers), whose children tell me, she is 110 
years old. She doeB not look so old, and some of 
the neighbors are doubtful of her being of the age 
she claims. Many years ago the records of the 
whole family were bnrned up. None of them can 
read or write. This aged lady can hear well, and 
can thread a needle without glasses. She wsb 
born near Culpeper, Stafford Co., Va. Her moth- 
er lived to attain the age of 108 years. For 
twenty years she deBired to join the church, but 
felt herself too feeble to attend to this noble work, 
being old and childish. We think the Brethren 
should have urged her to her duty. 

On the way home I stopped off at North Man- 
chester and found Bro. S. Bowman in bed, sick. 
He is old and feeble, and may be near his journey's 
end. I called on Bro. R H. Miller and family. 
They, with others I called upon, were happy and 
cheerful. Some of the ministers in the North 
Manchester District were making arrangements to 
go to Mount Morris, to attend the " Bible Term." 
Some of the brethren were getting money ready, 
that those brethren might defray their expenses. 
That is the right way to make useful aud active 
ministers. Often young ministers are called to 
the ministry with but limited education, no books, 
and no Bible knowledge. Often they are in lim- 
ited circumstances and have to work hard to keep 
their families from getting into want. Perhaps 
they have a burden upon them which makes a 
minister's road hard to travel. By giving our 
young ministers a chance to more fully prepare 
themselves for the work, and occasionally helping 
them along, the church will have better talent 
for the work,— sermons can be delivered to edify 
all present, and a general growing interest is easily 
manifested. We should grow in grace and in the 
knowledge of the Truth, and also bear one anoth- 
er's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. 

J. H. Miller. 
Goshen. Ind. 

Chips From The Work-House. 

old people. 
While holding some meetings in Marion and 
Dickinson Counties, Kansas, Dec. 13, Eld. Jacob 
Shirk and the writer drove out into the country, 
about five miles, to visit Samuel Zarms, who was 
born in Norfolk, Eng., Aug. 15, 1785, and is there- 
fore one hundred Bis years old. He clearly re- 
members some things that occorred oyer one hun- 
dred years ago. He says that he has not been In 

bed one week in all his life, on account of sickness. 
When asked whether he could see to read, he said, 
"Yes, but I cannot read." He remembers that, 
when a little boy, he would run away from school- 
and hence he never learned to read. When he was 
hve years old he was sent to help to drive a flock 
of turkeys. When returning, he met two girls who 
told him that his father was dead. This he would 
not admit as true until he reaohed home and could 
no longer deny it. He never wore glasses, and 
thinks he sees as clearly as in his youth. 

Dec. 28, while travelling through the State of 
Illinois, I visited brother and sister Reed, who 
have, for mauy years, lived in Lincoln, Illinois. 
Bro. John is in his niuety.sixth year, and the old 
meter his second wife, is in her eighty-fourth year. 
His oldest sou, Beventy-three yeai-B of age (living 
in Kossuth County, Iowa), with his wife; also the 
youngest son, sixty-three years of age (of Mar. 
shalltown, Iowa), were visiting their aged parents. 
The nged couple are rather feeble, but are still 
leaning upon the great and precious promises of 
the Gospel, looking forward to the time of meet- 
mg Abraham, Isaac aud Jacob, the prophets and 
apostles, the mauy faithful and loved ones, who 
have gone before, aud above all Jesus, the Author 
aud Finisher of their faith. All of them they soon 
expect to join beyond the river, in the sweet by 
and °y- Daniel Vaniman. 

McPhcrson, Kans. 

Death of Jaoob J. Blickenstaff and Wife, 

In the Salem church, Marion Oouuty, 111., Deo. 
1, 1H31, Bro. Jaoob J. BliokonstalF, aged 43 years, 
3 months and 8 days. 

His wife, Sister Anna, took sick two weeks after 
his death, and died Dec. 23, 1831, aged 43 years 
and 15 days. 

i always briugs sorrow to those who are 
left behind, but when we see a loving father and 
mother both taken so near the same time, our grief 
becomes greatly intensified. They leave four chil- 
dren to mourn their loss, three of whom are Binall. 
The oldest, a daughter, is a member of the church. 
May God, in his infinite mercy, care for the chil- 
dren, and give them homes where they may have 
the good influence they lost in their parents. 

The relatives have taken the children away, and 
nothing now remainB of what, a short time ago, 
was a happy and well-orgaui/.od family. 

Bro. Jacob was a minister in the second degree. 
He and sister Anna were both zealous workers in 
the cause of Christ, earnestly contending for the 
faith once delivered to the saints. 

They were known only to be loved, both in the 
church and out of it. The church has sustained a 
loss from which it does not seem possible to re- 
cover, but we trust in him who doeth all things 
well, believing that our departed brother and sis- 
ter left an influence which shall be ae bread cast 
on the waters, to be gathered many days hence. 
The funeral services on both occasious were con- 
ducted by Eld. John Hershberger. 

Salem, III. 

S. 8. Foots. 

Oar Ministerial Meeting. 

The following is the programme of the Breth- 
-jn's Ministerial Meeting for the Northern Dis- 
trict of Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota, to be 
held in the Greene church, Iowa, Thursday, Feb. 
18 and 19, 1832, commencing at 3 A. M. : 

1. Sermon on church organization by J. A. 
Murray and Wm. Ikenberry, to be preached on 
the evening of Feb. 17. 

2. Opening on Thursday morning by the minis- 
ters of the Greene church. 

18. "Object of Ministerial Meetings," JV, G, 
Oook and 0, J, Beaver. 



4. " Organization aud Adoption of Rules to Gov- 
ern Same."— S. M. Miller and S. H. Miller, will 
be the committee to draft ruleB. 

5. " Difficulties of the Christian Ministry, and 
how to Overcome them."— M. H. Fowler- and J. F. 

6. "Uniformity aud Plan in Conducting SerieB 
of Meetings."— Joseph Trostle aud William Al- 

7. " Pastoral Visits,— how to Conduct them."— 
John Early and A. \V. Hawbecker. 

8. "Preparation of Sermons." — William 0. 
HipesandL. P. Peifer. 

9. "Ministers' Relation to Sunday-school and 
Prayer-meeting." — Harvey Ikenberry and J. 

10. "What will make our Church Prosper?"— 
S..M. Miller and Alfred lteeves. 

11. "How to Conduct our Public Services." — 
S. H. Miller and J. Sadler, Jr. 

12. " Missionary Work and how to Make it 
More Effectual."- J. A. Murray and E. B. Hoff. 

13. Sermons on Church Government by M. H. 
Fowler aud Joseph Trostle. 


14. " Duty of the Church to her Ministers, aud 
Ministers to the Church."— J. A. Murray and 
William Lichty. 

Our programme is perhaps not what it ought to 
be, but it is about as good as we could make it un- 
der the present circumstances, as we are all be- 
ginners in this kind of work, but we can learn as 
we get experience. We hope all of the minis- 
ters in our District will be present to help make 
our meetings as interesting us possible. All are 
invited, — including deacons and lay-membere. 
M. H. Fowleh, 1 
Wm, Ikenberry, \ Committee. 
H. F. Maust, \ 

Pray for Us. 

tceived, will awaken a feel 
he minds of our readers 

a's mother, auc 
and her father 

as to encouragi 

The following, 
ing of sympathy 
Certainly we will all pray for E 
we will also pray that both Evi 
may soon be in the church so 
mother in her Christian work: 

"As there is no school to-day (Saturday), I 
thought I would write a letter for the Messenger. 
I am twelve years old. I don't belong to the 
church yet, but I do have a great love for it. My 
mother who has been sick for a long time, be- 
longs to the church, and 1 want the prayers of all 
the brethren and sisters, that she may get well 
and raise her little family. My father does not 
belong to the church, but he is a good man, and I 
think he is counting the cost. I have been read- 
ing of the good meetings the Brethren are having. 
I hope they will not forget us here, for I often 
think of these lines: 

11 Tis easltr far If we begin 
To serve llie Lord betimes 
For siniiL-i^ who grow old in sin 
Are hardened by their crimes." 

Our Way. 

On Thanksgiving Day we had preaching at our 
meeting-house in Franklin Grove, 111., by Bro. 
J. C. Murray. It has been our custom for years 
to have a sermon on that day. After the interest- 
ing preaching services, our elder, Daniel Dierdorff, 
announced that, as before, we would take up a 
thanksgiving offering for the different branches of 
church work, such as the Tract Work, Danish 
Poor Fund, and Messenger Poor Fund. 

This latter branch of our church work I have 
special charge of, and each year I solicit funds to 

nd the Messenger to those who are not able to 

pay for it. With the aid of Bro. D. F. Li-hmau, 

raised *3i> 25. So, during the year 1892, thir- 

ty-six different families will read the Messenger, 

who otherwise would not get it. 

I look upon this work as an important one, and 
j sorry that it is ho much neglected by our 
church at large. This year the Kock It iver church 
has contributed as Btated above. How many other 
churches can say the same? I think our Annual 
Meeting should advise ^ach elder to appoint a so- 
licitor in each church, aud in this way we would 
raise thousands of dollars to send the Messenger 
to many who are not now getting it. God will 
certainly blesB the good coming from tMs kind of 
preaching. Only those who, like the writer, are 
away from church privileges, know what it is to 
have the Messenger come to our homeB. Think 
of the hundreds who are not able to pay for it, and 
who are living isolated from the church. 

Willis A. Moore 
Jiockford, III. 

A Sad Accident, 

Dec. 29, 1891, while Elisha B. Hanawalt and 
his two Bisters were visitiDg relatives at McCaus- 
laud, twenty-two miles north of Davenport, Scott 
County, Iowa, he, in company with his uncle and 
two cousins, had tone hunting. They w 
turning home when Elisbrt Baw a squirrel up in a 
tree, and got out of the wagon, at the same time 
accidentally discharging his gun, the load enter- 
ing his neck and killing him instantly. 

Deceased was the eon of Bro. Hemy W. and 
sister Harriet Hanawalt, and was born near Mc- 
Veytown, Mifflin Co., Pa. His age wns twenty-three 
years, nine mouths and eight days. His ever- 
ready and social manner made him a loving son, 
brother, aud cousin, but he, like a great many oth- 
ers, had put off making the good choice until too 
laie. The funeral t)ok place at the home of his 
parents iu Butler Co., Iowa, on New Year's Day, 
where his many frieuds mourned his sad depart- 
ure. May this be a warning to us all, and espe- 
cially those who are yet out of the church, to pre- 
pare to meet our God while it is yet called to-day, 
for surely the night cometh wherein no man can 
work. Mary C. Allen. 

Hansell, Iowa, Jan. G, 1892. 

A Correction. 


Under the above caption, the brethren that 
composed a committee sent by last Annual Meet- 
ing, to Bridgewater, Va , to wit: S. R. Zug, I. D. 
Parker, E. W. Stoner, and "Wm. Howe, publishes 
to the Brotherhood an article wherein they warr 
all against an "anonymous" circular, purport- 
ing to give an account of the trial of the troubles 
in the Secoud District of Virginia. 

They say they " do not intend to reply to the 
pointB of an anonymous letter." They also say 
that while the report, as thus published, is nearly 
correct, the notes and comments are far trom be- 
ing so and will mislead anyone giving credence to 

I will now say to the Brotherhood that it was 
through inadvertence, entirely, that the "circular" 
went before them without a name, as it was agreed 
by those who prepared it that it should be signed 
by a responsible* person. 

Now, to remove any misapprehension on that 
point, I io ill claim the authorship of the Report as 
it was published therein, until the Notes and Com- 
ments, and kindly ask the committee to point out 
where it is far from being correct. Had I known 
that the agreement, as to the signature, would 
have been neglected, I would have authorized 

my name with plainneBs that conld not be mis- 

Now, brethren, point out my mistakes, and I 
will correct them as quickly as you point them out, 

I am not accustomed to publish statements that 
are not correct, and when my attention is called 
thereto iu a Christian manner, I am always only 
too glad to retract and ask forgiveness. 

t>. C. Moomaw. 

We deem it proper that the writer of the above 
should have an opportunity of letting the Broth- 
erhood know that he assumes the authorship of the 
circular referred to, but nothing more must be said 
in the Messenger concerning this unfortunate af- 
fair, as we do not believe in spreading church 
troubles before the public through our church pa- 
per.— Ed. 

The Sisters' Mission. 

The following is the first annual report of Sis- 
ters' Mission of the "West Dayton church, Ohio. 


March, $ 4 50 

June, 4 05 

September, 5 35 

December, 5 16 

Special, 1 00 

Total, $20 06 

S. Bock, Sec, and Treas. 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 18. 


March, $ 4 50 

June, 4 05 

September, 5 35 

December, 5 16 

Total, $19 06 

Galen B. Koyer. 
Ml Morris, III 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

■a thirsty soul, : 

s trom a far country." 

Hopewell, Pa.— We met in council Jan. 2, 1892. 
The business of the meeting passed off quietly. 
"We expect to enjoy a Beries of meetings at the 
lower church called Rover's Run, in this Dis- 
trict, to be conducted by Bro. Brice Sell— Carrie 

Benevola, Did. — We held a series of meetings in 
the Mount Zion church, Beaver Creek congrega- 
tion, Md., conducted by Bro. Silas Hoover, of 
Pennsylvania. We closed the meeting Jan. 1, 
with five additions, and many good impressions. 
—D. F. Slovffer. 

Limestone, Tenn. — I visited Montgomery and 
Floyd Counties, Virginia, Dec. 12, where I re- 
mained for two weeks, preaching and visiting. In 
that vicinity my parents lived over forty years 
ago. Daring our meetings we had the best of in- 
terest, and several united with the church. — P. 
D. Reed. 

Pierce, Ohio.— The members of the Tuscarawas 
church, Stark Co., Ohio, are still laboring to ad- 
vance the cause of Christ. Recently Bro. I. D. 
Parker, of Ashland, Ohio, came among us and 
held a series of meetings for us at the Eden 
house. The meeting began Dec. 19, and con- 
tinued several days over a week. As a result two 
precious eoulp were added to the church by bap- 
tism. One who had wandered away from the fold 
was reclaimed. The church has been greatly re- 
vived. — Reuben Shroyer. 



Frederick, HI— Bro. Henry C. Enrly, from Vir- 
ginia, held a series of meetings for ns Nov. 1, 
which was kept up for ten days with the beet of 
interest. One came out on the Lord's side, and 
was received by baptism. We still hope that the 
good seed sown may bring forth much fruit!— P. 
D. Fahrney. 

marsh Creek, Pa.— Brp. H. C. Early, of Meyer- 
heoffer's Store, Va., arrived here on the evening 
of Jan. 2, too late for the appointment of the 
evening. His introductory sermon was delivered 
yesterday to au appreciative audience. The meet- 
ings will possibly be continued until the last of 
next week. From here he goes to his native State, 
to spend sometime at Bridgewater College, for 
which he feels much interest.— B. F. Kilfinger. 

Parmington, 111.— Since my last report three have 
been added to the fold by baptism. Others are 
not far from the kingdom. Sept. 2(>, 1891, our dear 
sister, Catherine Eshelman, who was truly a light 
to the world, crossed over the silent river. She 
was in her seventy- eighth year, and an exemplary 
sister. A short time before her death I had a 
conversation with her, at which time she ex- 
pressed herself as fully depending on the will of 
the Lord. — Solomon Bucklew. 

Bethlehem, Va.— We commenced a series of meet- 
ings Dec. 23, which we continued until Dec. 31. 
Bro. George Barnhart, of Missouri, did the 
preaching. He preached, in all, at this place, 
fourteen sermons, and as a result of his labors 
eight dear souls were made williug to be bap- 
tized. They were all quite young, save one who 
was in his seventy-eighth year. Many good im- 
pressions were made that, we hope, will not soon 
be forgotten, while saints were encouraged and 
made to rejoice.— Nancy M. Bowman. 

Lewistown, Pa.— Through the efforts of brother 
and sister Shellenberger, who reside iu Benner- 
ville, within the bounds of the Lewistown congre- 
gation, the brethren have built a meeting-house 
in that village. On Sunday, Jan. 3, the house 
was dedicated to the Lord. Bro. Andrew Bashor 
preached the dedicatory sermon, assisted by 
Abram Myers aud our home ministers. In th 
evening we held a love-feast which was something 
new in that community. The house was full, 
the best of order prevailed, and all seemed anx- 
ious to see the solemn ordinances performed. We 
hope that some good impressions have been made 
on the people, and that there may be an ingather- 
ing of precious souls at that place, and that those 
of us that were permitted to enjoy another Com- 
munion, have been benefitted, and resolved to hve 
a life more devoted to our Blessed Savior. — Sa- 
rah Spanogle, Jan. 7. 

Lima, Ohio. — Dec. 12 Bro. Jesse Stutsman came 
to the Sugar Creek church, Allen Co., Ohio, aud 
began a series of meetings. He remained with us 
until Dec. 20, preaching in all twenty-two soul- 
atirring sermons. Bro. Stutsman had intended to 
stay with us over the following Sunday, but was 
called home on account of sickness in his family. 
A few days later we received the welcome news, 
that his wife was rapidly improving. Bro. Jesse 
earnestly contends for the faith once delivered to 
the saints. One precious soul came out on the 
Lord's side and many others, we believe, could 
say with one of old, " Almost thou persuadest me 
to be a Christian." We believe the good seed 
sown will yet produce a bountiful harvest in the 
near future. Bro. J. M. Mohler is to hold a se- 
ries of meetings for us in the Pleasant View 
church, in a few weeks, where Bro. Stutzman held 
forth the Word of Life last winter. May the 
Lord abundantly bless and reward all who are 


middle Creek, Iowa.— Brother and Sister Hipes 
me to us on a mission of love, Dee, 4, at which 
ne Bro. Hipes commenced a series of meetings 
lich he continued till the Kith, with good inter- 
i. Bro. Hipes has been laboring in the good 
use siuce last June. Our best wishes y.. with 
to other fields of labor. Elieab' Hi liable. 

View, Kans.-Bro. Lugenbeel, of Hubbell, 

Nebr., was called to hold a series of meetings for 
us Dec. 12. He preached in all eleven sermons. 
Bro. Lugenbeel is an able expounder of the Gos- 
pel, as believed aud practiced by the Brethren, 
He gave us many good admonitions. There was 
one applicant for baptism at the close of the meet- 
ing. The ordinance was administered the follow- 
ing Sunday.— Sylvester Workman. 

Centropolis, Kans.— On Monday, Doc. 28, 1891, 
Bro George Wise came to the Appanoose chinch, 
Kans , to work iu the interest of the Old Folks' 
Home (located near Booth, Reno Co, Kans), 
Bro. Wise labored faithfully, with encouraging 
results. He and Bro. Moses Brubaker remained 
with us until Jan. 4, 1892. preaching each even- 
ing until Sunday. One young sister was buried 
in the liquid stream, to walk in newness of life 
James T. Kinzie, Jan. 5. 

Hartford City. Ind.— The members of this church 
have again passed through a season of rejoicing, 
Bro. M. L Hahn, of Ohio, came to us Dec. 12, 
and conducted a series of meetings. I [e preached 
with much power. As an immediate result, four 
precious souls were received by baptism, and one 
eclaimed. Though the weather was very iuclem- 
nt, our meetings were well attended, and the in- 
terest was great. May the Good Lord bless our 
dear brother in his labors, and keep us all very 
humble, prayerful and faithful! —L. Winltlcblcck. 

Accident, Bid.— Bro Jonas Fike, of West Virginia, 
conducted a very interesting series of meetings in 

Bear Creek congregation, c( 
24, and continuing until Jan. 
meetings four precious souls,— a 
and two young brethren united w 
May they become useful in the se 
Our dear brother held forth tin 

nmeneing Dec 
1. Duriug the 
father, mother 
th the church, 
vice of Christ! 
Word of Life 

with zeal and energy. May the Lord ever bless 
his labors, and may he be instrumental iu bring- 
ing many into the fold of Christ! — Mary M. Biil- 
dinger, Jan. 1. 

lonnt Ida, Kans.— Bro. A. I. Heestaud, of Gales- 
burg. Kans,, came to the Cedar Creek church, 
Kans., and commenced a series of meetings. He 
held forth the Word of God in its purity. Good 
order prevailed throughout the meetings. The 
weather was all that could be wished for, and we 
had good roads, hence the meetings were well at- 
tended. As an immediate result two were buried 
with ChriBt in baptism, to walk in newness of 
life. The meetings closed on the evening of Dec. 
26, and were said to be the best meetings this 
church has held for a number of year. — Lifay- 
,-llr. Watkins. 

Oltobinc, Va.- Our series of meetings, at 1' 
lin, in the Beaver Creek congregation, Va., came 
to a sudden halt. Not a minister was preEent at 
the last meeting on account of La Qrippe having 
prostrated the entire ministerial force,— five in 
all. Another meeting that was to commence to- 
night at Dry River, has been recalled for the 
same reason. Your correspondent has been dis- 
abled with La Grippe for three weeks. There 
but few families that are exempt from it, and 
imber of deaths have occurred There were 
four burials to-day, not far from here. At our 
1 the writer was appointed correspond- 

thus engaged in their labor of love in the upbuild- ent for the Messenger from this arm of the 
ing of Zionl — David Byerly, Jan. 4. \ church. — <?. W. Wine, Jan. 3. 

Brijlolville, Ohio. -Eld. W. Murray, of Ashland, 
Ohio, came to ns Dec. 5, and held a short series 
of meetings, closing with a Communion. Bro. 
Murray preached with more than his usual zeal 
and earnestness, ami these meetings will long be 
remembered as among the best aud most solemn 
we have ever had the privilege to enjoy. May we 
remember the kind words of eucouragement and 
admonition, and live more faithful, more conse- 
crated, and more Christ-like, and finally meet in 
the " many mansions.'' M. Strom. 

Dalton, Ohio.- On the evening of Deo. 12, Bro. 
Noah Longanecker cnme to the West Nimishillen 
church, Ohio, am! began meetings at our Sippo 
Valley tneetingjionse. He continued the meet- 
ings until Dec, 20, preaching in all twelve ser- 
mons. We had good attendance, and great inter- 
est was manifested. The brethren and sisters 
were greatly built up in the most holy faith, and 
mauy lasting impressions wore made. We had 
no accessions, but feel that, the Spirit has pleaded 
with many to turn to Christ Abraham Horat. 

Alvada, Ohio. Bro. J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, 
Pa., came to the Oak Grove church, Hancock Co., 
Ohio, and held a series of meetings, commencing 
Dec 14, and closing Deo. 27. Ho preached, in 
all, twenty- four sermons. Bro. L, H. Dickey, of 
Alvada, Ohio, delivered one sermon the everfing 
before Bio. Mohler came to our assistance. Bro. 
Mohler preached the Word very plainly. He al- 
so contributed greatly to the interest of the Sun- 
day school. There were no additions, but we 
pray that the labors of our dear brother will not 
be iu vain. Bro. Mohler lias now gone to Green 
Killings chinch, Seneca Co., Ohio, to hold a series 
of meetings.— Solomon Schubert. 

Clay Dill, Pa.-l was called to York, Pa,, on busi- 
ness, and while there 1 was permitted to be with 
our dear brethren over Sunday mid attended the 
preaching service on Sunday morning. It was 
well attended, ami all seemed interested in the 
preaching. Bro A. Meyers preached in the Ger- 
man language. This was quite a treat to me, as I 
love to hem n Bevmon in the German laugnage 
sometimes; it seems homelike, The Sabbath- 
school, al i: 30 P. M., I also attended. It was a 
pleasure to me to see the interest mauifeeted by 
the old brethren and sisters in the training of 
their dear little ones. Here I saw the kind of a 
Bible clnBS that should lie iu every well-organized 
Sunday- school, — the silver-haired fathers and 
mothers setting a gocd example and using their 
influence in the right direction. It is a power for 
good, the influence of which we can only know in 
eternity. I certainly enjoyed my visit.— Jacob 
Kurtz, /ire Ti. 

Lordsburg, Cal. -In this sunny clime we enjoyed a 
Christmas Day close to the Savior's bleeding side. 
We celebrated the day here, in Lordsburg College, 
in a love-feast service. We are informed it was 
the largest feast held in California. About 160 
communed. Many were from different parts of 
the Union. Tin- evening services were held in 
the dining hall, a very large, spacious room. It 
was a beautiful sight. Many * young members 
communed. Our dear brother, A Hutchison, offi- 
ciated. Here, on this shore, aB in all place?, so far 
away from home, we are glad to see old friends. 
It seemed like meeting one of our own family to 
meet him, as we lived side by side for a number 
of years in Missouri. He and my husband 
worked harmonic usly together in church work. 
Now he is here and husband, at present, is in 
Ohio, both working in the field. The school work 
is going on. There are prospects for a number of 
new students the next term. — Amanda Witmore, 


Jan Hi, 1802. 

Bogers, Ohio.— Bro. Parker is con- 
ducting a series of meetings at Zion 
Hill, that is bringing forth fruit and 
will long be remembered by the writ- 
er. We hope that this brother may 
visit our church again.— Henry li. 

Yellow Creek, Ind.— During Bro. I. 
J. Itosenberger's stay with us five 
have united with the church and 
some were nlmo&t pwsimiled to join 
in with the people of God. We pray 
that they will come before it is too 
late! — Hiram lioose. 

A Correction. — Please correct an er- 
ror in Messenger No. 40, in sister 
Annie Burkholder's obituary notice, 
where I inadvertently said that Dull- 
er had charge of the first church 
west of the Susquehanna River, 
when it should have been Danner.— 
C. K, Burkholdrr, Bagley, Iowa. 

ffluenster, Tex.— I have traveled 
about sixty miles and back, and dis- 
tributed over 2,000 tracts and 200 
Messengeiih. I met people from the 
North, East, South and West, going 
some place to spend the Holidays 
and found but one that knew any- 
thing of the Brethren and their doc- 
trine. I found many backsliders 
from other churches — A. W. Aus- 
tin, Dec. 27. 

Spring Ban, Pa.— The Brethren of 
the Spring Run congregation, Mifflin 
Co., Pa., intend commencing a series 
of meetings in the Spring Run meet- 
ing-house, two and one-half miles 
north of McVeytown Station, on Sat- 
urday evening, Jan 10, and to con- 
tinue at least one week. Meetings 
will commence Jan. 23 in the Pine 
Glen Echool-honse and continue for 
one week.— Emma Bollinger. 

Crescent City, Ind. Ter.— The Mount 
Hope church is in fair working or- 
der. We have a finall church-houBe 
where we meet every Sunday for 
worship. We decided to have an ev- 
ergreen Sunday-school, and are us- 
ing the Brethren's literature. We 
decided to hold a series of meetings, 
beginning Jan. 1. We hope some 
one will fall in rank with us at that 
time and help us with the labor. Re- 
member us in your prayers!— J. H. 
Neher, Clerk. 

Savonsborg, Bans.— Dec. 26, Bro. 
Click, of Nevada, Mo, came to us 
and stayed till Jan. 1 and preached, 
in all, eight sermoDS. On account of 
a revival meeting, held by the col- 
ored people, we had a very small at- 
tendance, but three young sisters 
came out on the Lord's side. Pray 
for them, brethren and sisters, that 
they ru&y hold out faithEulI We are 
living twelve miles from the Paint 
Creek church. If any ministers pass 
this way, they will please notify us 
and we will meet them at the above 
place. We ask the prayers of the 
members in behalf of our little, af- 
flicted daughter, whom Bro. Click 
anointed with oil in the name of the 
Lord, that, if it be the Lord's will to 
spare her, he may restore her to 
health again.— Rachel Fiant, Jan. 5. 

Purgitsville, W. Va.— Bro. Jonas Fike 
came to the Pine church, W. Va, 
Nov. 28, and commenced a serieB of 
meetings, which he continued until 
Dec. 13. He preached eighteen ser- 
mons in all. Six precious souls were 
added by baptism, and others, we 
think, were looking in that direction. 
The meetings were well attended and 
good interest was manifested. There 
were many tears shed while the fare- 
well Bermon was preached and we 
wero sorry to see Bro. Jonas leave 
ns. — Annie li. Kelley. 

Socor, 111.— We have received the 
first number of the Messenger and 
many of the articles I have road and 
re-read, for they are so instructive 
that they are worth reading over 
over again, and especially the one 
entitled, "Ancient Landmarks." I 
hope every brother and sister will 
not only read it but will try, by Ihe 
help of God, to stand by the old land- 
marks that our forefathers contend- 
ed for so earnestly. The older I 
grow the more I see the necessity of 
earnestly contending "for the faith 
once delivered to the saints." My 
wife has been sick for about four 
weeks but is some better at this 
writing.— G. W. Gish, Jan. S, 

Portago, Ohio.— Bro. Jacob Witmore, 
of Centre View, Mo., came to us and 
began a serieB of meetings on the 
evening of Dec. 10. On Dec. 12 the 
church met for their quarterly coun- 
cil at their meeting-house, in the 
north-eastern part of this congrega- 
tion. The Brethren have repaired 
an old school-house at this place for 
a place of worship. It is rather 
small, but quite comfortable. The 
church decided to call this house the 
Witmore house. Not much business 
had to be done at this council but 
all passed off without a word of dis- 
cord. We love to be at those meet- 
ings when all is love and union. Our 
series of meetings continued until 
the 27th, with three additions and 
others, we think, are near the door, 
but do not seem to be quite ready to 
call for admittance. May they not 
defer until it is too late!— J. W. 

Paint Creek, Bans.— Bro. S. Click, of 
Nevada, Mo., and brother and sister 
Neher, of McCune, Kane., met with 
us Dec. 12, in our quarterly council. 
We had a pleasant meeting and no 
business to dispose of. Bro. Click 
had other appointments and could 
not remain to tin close of our meet- 
ings. Brother and sister Neher 
stayed till Christmas evening and 
gave us sound doctrine. Two dear 
ones united with the church. One 
was reclaimed. We had good at- 
tendance and the best of order. The 
brother and sister talked to the chil- 
dren on Sunday, Dec. 20. It was a 
good sermon for both young and old. 
I would like to see more children's 
meetings. In that way, I think, 
much good may be done. At pres- 
ent our social meetings are on the 
second and fourth Sundays of each 
month. We would be glad to have 

ministering brethren, who may paeB 
through, to give us some meetings. 
You will be met at Redfield by ad- 
dreBBiDg brethren Henry Johnson or 
Adam Bolinger.— Maggie Bolinger. 

Oakland, Ohio.— On the evening of 
Dec. 5, Eld Isaiah Rairigh, of Bar- 
ry County, Mich., began a series of 
meetings and continued to the even- 
ing of Dec. 20. We were truly glad 
Bgain to be permitted to hear Bro. 
Rairigh's voice, as ho was elected to 
the ministry at this place, where he 
labored very zealously for several 
years, after which lie moved to Mich- 
igan. Bro. Rairigh labored very 
earnestly, holding forth the Word of 
God in its primitive purity, though 
laboring part of the time under 
great disadvantage,— having taken a 
severe cold. Sister Rairigh, his wife, 
also had a severe attack of La 
Grippe. Quite a number of our 
members and neighbors were kept 
away from the meetings on account 
of sickness, therefore the attendance 
and interest were not as good as they 
would have been otherwise. There 
were no accessions, but we trust that 
many good and lasting impressions 
were made, and that the good Beed 
which waB sown may bring forth 
good fruit in the future. May the 
Lord continue to bless Bro. Rairigh 
in his efforts as he enters other fields 
of labor!-/. B Miller, Webster, 

Literary Notes. 

Sonffs of Doubt ami Dream. Poems by Ed- 
gar Fawcett. Svo. cloth, 311 pp., gilt top, 
$2,00 New York, London, and Toronto: 
Funk and W agnails Company. 
Mr. Fawceti's new book of poems may 
be said in many ways to veiify the promise 
of the three poetical volumes which have 
preceded it, namely, " Fantasy and Passion," 
" Song and Story," and " Romance and Rev- 
ery." The present volume, " Songs of Doubt 
and Dream," is, perhaps, less uniformly pic- 
turesque hi treatment than cither of the afore- 
said three, and yet it is certainly more 
thoughtful and more philosophic. 


STRICKLER— HUFFMAN.— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, Bro. Charles 
S. Huffman, Dec. 3t, 1891, by Eld. Samuel 
Spitler, Mr. John W. Strickler, and sister 
Mary B. Huffman, all of near Luray, Page 
Co, Va. D. H. Strickler. 

LAWLER- SNITEMAN.— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's father, Bro. Joseph 
Sniteman, near Kinross, Iowa, Dec. 25, 
1891, by Bro. C. M. Brower, Mr. Albert 
Lawler and Miss Bessie Sniteman. 

Peter Brower. 

BARNHART--ALLEN.— At the residence 
of the bride's parents, John and Sarah Al- 
len, near Harper, Iowa, Dec. 29, 1S91, by 
Bro. C. M Brower, Mr. William Barnhart 
and Miss Katie Allen, allot Keokuk Coun- 

y, low 


PRATT— BROADWATER— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, near Prairie 
Queen, Fillmore Co., Minn., Dec. 30, 1S91, 
by O.J. Beaver, of Fredericksburgh, Chick- 
asaw Co., Iowa, Leonard B. Pratt, of Fred- 
ericksburgh. Chickasaw Co., and Louisa E. 
Broadwater. Joseph J. Parks. 

MONROE-MILLER.— At the residence 
of the bride's parents, near Nickerson, 
Kans, Dec. 6, iS9r, by the undersigned, 
Mr. Norman E. Monroe and sister Maud 
Miller, both of Reno County, Kans. 

Enoch Ebv. 

HUNT— BRUNAIS.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, in Pearl Rock, Chickasaw 
County, Iowa, Dec. 31, 1S91, by the under- 
signed. Bio. John W. Hunt, of Nashua, 
Iowa, and Miss Emma Brunais, of Pearl 
Rock, Iowa. Harvey Eikenberry. 

DRIVER — BYERLY.— At the residence of 
the bride's parents, near Lima, Ohio, by 
Eld. Samuel Driver, Bro. S. L. Driver and 
sister Laura Byerly, both of Allen County, 
Ohio. Mary C. Byerly. 

PRICE— STUFF— At the home of the 
bride's parents, near Polo, 111., Dec. 31, 
1891, by the undersigned, Bro. Collin C. 
Price and sister Alice Stuff, both of Ogle 
County, 111. D. E. Brubaker. 

ROYER-BARKLOW— At the residence 

of the bride's parents, near Myrtle Point, 

Ore., Dec. 27, 1S91, by Bro. John ISonewitz, 

Bro. J. C. Royer and sister M. A. Barklow. 

M. A. Royer. 


' Blessed are the dead winch die in the Lord.' 1 

BEERY.— Within the bounds of the Rush 

Creek church, Hocking Co., Ohio, Nov. 1, 

3891, Daniel Beery, aged 79 years, 9 

months and 2 days. 

Deceased was born Jan. 29, 1812. He 

was married to Fannie Good, in August, 1837. 

This union lasted for fifty-four years. There 

were born to them thirteen children, four of 

whom preceded him to the spirit world. 

Nine children still survive him, all of whom 

have chosen that good part that this world 

can neither give nor take away. He joined 

the Brethren church in 1843, thus devoting 

many years to the service of Christ. 

His remains were followed by a large pro- 
cession of neighbors and friends to their last 
earthly resting-place at Mt. Zion, Hocking 
Co., Ohio. Funeral services by the writer, 
assisted by Eld. Daniel Hendricks of the P. 
B. church, from Deut. 30: 19. 

J. C. Behry. 
MA.UST.— In the Qnemahoning church, 
Somerset Co, Pa., Dec. 10, 1S91, sister 
Magdalena Maust, aged 22 years, 6 months 
and iS days. Funeral services conducted 
by the undersigned, assisted by Bro. Hull. 
Geo. S. Rairigh. 
ZIMMERMAN.-In the Monlicello church, 
White Co., Ind., of a paralytic stroke, Bro. 
John Zimmerman, aged 77 years, 3 months 
and 15 days. Funeral discourse by the 
writer. A. S. Cuip. 

MOOMAW.— In the Upper Twin church, 
Ross Co., Ohio, Oct. 22, 1891, Peter Moo- 
maw, aged 85 years, 4 months and 28 days. 
Deceased was born in Botetourt County, 
Va , May 74, 1S0G. He emigrated to Ohio 
with his parents, John and Sophia Moomaw, 
in 1S10. He was married to Selah Adams, 
Aug. iS, 1831. To this union were given 
eleven children,— five sons and six daughters. 
His companion preceded him to the spirit land 
June 2S, 1864. Bro. Moomaw united with 
the German Baptist Brethren church at the 
age of about thirty years and was soon after- 
-ards called by the church to the office of 
deacon, in which capacity he served the 
church and the Master with fidelity 50 long 
he had strength so to do. Funeral services 
Bro. D. D. Wine. I. J. Howard. 

GROW.— In the Ogan's Creek congregation, 
Wabash Co., Ind-, Dec. 15, 1S91, Lydia M., 
wife of William Grow, aged 41 years. 
Deceased, from the day she accepted 
Christ, was a faithful and devoted follower of 
her Blessed Master. She lived in the hope 
of immortality and died in the triumphs of a 
living faith. Funeral services at the Brethren 
church near Wabash, by the writer. 

A, L, Wright. 

Jan. 19, 1892. 

BROWN.—Ather horn. 
Ill , Dec. 20, 1S91, Mrs. Nancy E. B 
aged 64 years, ro months and 6 day 
Mrs. Nancy E. (Brace) Brown was b, 
in Erie County, Pa., Feb 
came west in 1S48, first to Kane County, I! 
nois, and was married to J. Q Brown, April 
6, 1851, after which they returned east again. 
After several years' residence there, she again 
came west with her husband, and settled 
the farm north of this village in 1SS5. They 
left the farm last spring and came to the 
lage, hoping to spend their declining y 
ease and quiet. Mrs. Brown was the mother 
of two daughters, sister Althetta Ostrander 
and Mrs. Addie V. Keith 
KEITH.— At her home, two miles north 
of Franklin Grove, 111., Mrs. Addie V 
(Brown) Keith, aged 36 years, 6 months and 
■3 days. 
Deceased came west -with her parents the 
■same year she was born. Shew-as married to 
Roscoe Keith in February, 1874. Six chll 
dren were born to them, four of whom preccd 
■ed her. Mother and daughter died 
same day, several hours apart, of pm 
Both of the corpses were taken to the Breth 
Ten's church. Funeral 
words, « What is your life?" by brethren L. 
Trostle and J. C. Murray, Dec. 23, ,891. Both 
were interred in one lot, but in separate 
S rave! - C. H. Hawb. 

RYCHEN._At her daughter's, M 
Nicholson, in the Pine Creek church, Ind" 
Dec. 23, 1891, Mrs. Mary A. Rychen, aged 
60 years am' 

Deceased was born In Switzerland, Oct 
23, 1831, and emigrated to America with her 
parents in 1832. She settled at Bleecker, Ful 
ton Co., New York, where she spent he 
childhood dayi 

In 1848 she married pohn B. Hanan, of the 
same place. To them four child 
born,— one son and three daughters, 
they settled in Indiana. She was a kind, af- 
fectionate wife, a loving mother, and a devot 
ed Christir- 

CRIPE.-i„ the Rock Run church, Goshen 
Ind., Dec. 2S, i8c,r, of diphtheria, Esth, 
Adeline, beloved daughter of Bro. All 
Cripe, aged 9 y 




Wayne Co, Ohio, Nov. 14, 

29 days 1 ''*'" 61 ' age " " > cars ' ' "■"«>" »""l 
Deceased was the daughter of Eld Fred. 
*We„„er. She was born a, Dawson Sta 
Hon, Fayette Co., Pa, Feb. 15, ,869 and „. 
"■arrled to W. K. Bechtel June, 4 , ,S 9 t. She 
died very suddenly. She was found very 
her home, by her husband, on return- 
ing from his school on Friday evening and 
the died on the evening of the next day. ' The 
e of her death was poison, taken by her 
hands. She stated to her husband as her 
last words on earth, ■• I did not do It purpose- 
ly; I made a mistake. 1 think too much of 
and my friends to do such a thing pur. 

Her friend, accepted her dying statement 
and all feel to be thankful that she was sl- 
owed to utter those dying words. She lived 
twenty-four hours longer, but unconscious 
and unable to speak. 

Sister Lizzie was always a very social and 
lively girl, which disposition she manifested 
the day that she took the fatal dose, while 
being visited by her sister, who left her in 
good spirits not over a half hour before being 
found by her husband. 

A very large congregation of sympathetic 
and loving friends and neighbors gathered at 
the Beech Grove meeting-house to pay a last 
tribute of respect to one whom they loved 
Funeral services from John n: ,4, by Eld 
N. Workman, assisted by Eld. I. D. Park. 
D. N. Workman 

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MOHLER.-At her home, near Shendun, 
Va.Dec 1, iSot, sister Elizabeth, wife of 
Abram Mohler, aged 80 years, 2 months 

Deceased leaves a husband, three sons 
rand one daughter to mourn her departure. 
In her death the husband loses a devoted wife, 
the children a loving mother and the church 
a consistent and faithful member. Interment 
at Mt Horeb church (Presbyterian), and fu- 
neral at Mill Creek from Ps. 119: 75. 

H. C Early. 
:REITZ.— In the Brothers' Valley congrega 
lion, Somerset Co., Pa , Dec. 26, 1891, Bro 
Christian Reitz, aged 50 years, to months 
and 2S days. 
Bro. Reltz was a dutiful deacon for 
-number of years. A wife and seven children 
survive him. Funeral services by Bro. D. H. 
Walker and Eld. Michael Weyand. 
SIVITS.— In the same congregation, Dec. 27, 
i8 9 t, Willie Sivits, son of John and Ida Sl- 
vits, aged 6 months. Funeral discourse by 
the writer. D , H . Walker. 

MUSSER._Al,o in the same congregati 
Dec. 30, Bro. Christian Musser, aged 67 
years, 1 month and 22 days. Funeral dis 
course by the undersigned. 

D. H. Walker. 
LEAMAN— In the Maple Grove church. 
Ashland Co., Ohio, Ira J. Leaman, aged S 
years, 7 months and 6 days. 

Ira wa, a very promising boy, the son of 
Bro. Samuel Leaman. Death robbed him of 
a mother's care at the age of 4 months and 
other hands kindly cared for him until he was 
reunited with his mother on the evergreen 
shore. Bro. David Urpbaugh's family, who 
had so tenderly administered to all his want, 
miss him a, one of their own. He took slck 
at school on Wednesday, and died on Mon- 

BECKNER._I„ the Dry Creek church 
Linn Co., Iowa, Bro. John Beckm 
Iy 8S years. 
Deceased was born in Franklin County, 
Jan. 15, ,804. He was married, In 1826, 
Elizabeth Mentzer, and in 184c, they 
moved to Marion, Iowa, where he died 
leaves a wife, seven daughters and two .... 
the loss of a kind husband and fa 
Sixty. five years he and sister Becki 
led life's journey together. Funeral 
re held in the Dlscipl 
Marlon, Iowa, by the Brethren, assisted by 
Rev. A. S. Marshall, and attended by a I 
circle of friends and old settlers. Text, R 
"'■*■ Thos. G. Snyder 

CROUSE._At .he home of his parents m 
Mayview, Jewell Co., Kans , Dec. 4 ',8 
John Clinton, son of Henry and Christ! 
da"°s UEe ' agC '" 3 ' ■' ear5 ' 6 m ° nlhs i " ,d 
Deceased leaves a 
mother, three brothers 
relatives and friends to mourn his depart 
Funeral conducted by Rev. H. G. Breed of 
the M. E. church, from Luke 12:55, 3°, and 
part of verse 37, to a large and sympathizing 
audience. H C 

NAILL._I n the bounds of the Mlddletoi 
Valley congregation, Md., Dec. 23 18. 
Samuel C. Naill, aged 7, years, 2 months 
and 12 days. Funeral services conducted 
by John M. Bussard and Geo. S. Harp. 

In the Vol 

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REIFF.-I„ the South Beatrice church 
Gage Co., Nebr, of inflammation of the 
bowels, Raleigh Melvln, son of Bro. John 
and sister Susan Reiff, aged 4 years, 4 
months and 16 days. Funeral discourse by 
Eld. Owen Peters from James 4: 14. 

M. L. Spire. 
KEEVER.— In the Montlcello church, White 
Co., Ind., sister Lucy Keever, wife of 
Thomas Keever, aged about 55 year,. 
Deceased leaves a husband and on, 
daughter to mourn their loss. Funeral dis 
course by A. B. Bridge and the writer. 

A. S. Culp. 
SHATTO.-In the Herrington congregation 
Kans., Dec. 22, 1891, of La GHJ,fe and 
pneumonia, Caroline Shatto, aged 64 years, 
2 months and 12 days. 
Funeral services conducted from Rev. 14 : 
3, by Bro. Geo. Wine and the writer. 

J. E. Kuller. 


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far as can be judged from the official reports, 
the " Royal " seems to be the only one yet 
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Dr. Edward G. Love, formerly analytical 
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Prof. Love's tests, and the recent official 
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This manual of devotions, by J. II. G 
son, comprises a series of meditations with 
forms of prayer for private devotions, family 
worship and special occasions. It is one of 
Ihe most useful, most needed, and best adapt- 
ed hooks of the year, and therefore H Is not 
strange that It is proving one of the most 
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guished, gifted, pious and beloved author is 
at his best. This book is helpful to every 
minister, church official, and Sunday-school 
superintendent, as well as every private mem- 
ber of the chinch in all ages. It has models 
of prayer, suitable for the service of the 
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A new edition of this deservedly popular 
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Those who have read the ordinary book of 
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A fair supply of the last edition of this 
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This is a neatly-printed and welt-bound 
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written biographical sketch of Eld. James 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
interesting, instructive and impressive. . No 
one can read an account of Bro. Quinter's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by bard work, and faithfulness lo 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers and isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price, 
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, JAS. M. NEFF, Covin 

The Gospel Messenger 

'Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 30, Old Series. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 26, 1892 

No. 4. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

Table of Contents. 


Acrostic. By J. A. Sell 

An Experience Column. By Landon West, 

Watch!-Mark 13: 37. By W. W. Culp 

Did Chiist Intend that Feet-washing Should be Ob- 
served in the Church? By A. Hutchison 

Esau. By E. N. Goshorn, 

The Places We Frequent. By Mary M. Wright 

A Glaring Inconsistency. By I. J. Rosenberger, 

The Old Man. By Francis C. Myers, 

Reform in Dress. By S. Z. Sharp, 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

Funds for the Children's Mission, 

Feeding the Lambs and the Sheep. By J. E. Young, 

The Children's Mission. By Mary M. Gibson, 

Our Bible Class. By A. W. Vaniman 

Did Judas Commune? By S. S. Garman 

Close to the Work. By Jno. Calvin Bright, 


Items, 49< 56. 

The Good Foundation, 

Biblical Interpretations, 

Querists' Department, 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World, 

A Question of Dates, 

'Correspondence, 5S, 59, 60, 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 61, 


Fallen Asleep, 

Advertisements, 63, 

Ode friends can much oblige ue by sending us 
good copies of the following numbers of the Gos- 
pel Messenger: Nos. 17, 22, 32 and 35. Address, 
Brethren's Publishing Company, Huntingdon, Pa. 


The subject for our first prayer-meeting of the 
year was, "The Importance of having a Good 
Foundation on which to Build our Spiritual 

The first thoughts presented were as to the ne- 
cessity of this foundation, as we are all build- 

The second, what is really meant by the foun- 
dation and a discrimination between the building 
and that upon which it is built. The foundation 
here is the rock on which the whole building, 
wall and all, is founded. 

The third thought called attention to the time 
of establishing this foundation and the disap- 
pointments that follow if this work is not attend- 
ed to early in life. 

The fourth called special attention to the man- 
ner of reading the text (Luke 6: 46-48), and 
called attention to the fact that both men were 
builders and may have built the same kind of 
houses, yet the one was a foolish man and the 
other was called wise. The difference may not 
have been in the building, but in the forethought, 

exercised in the starting,— the one on the rock, 
the other on the sand. 

The laBt thought presented was, the advantages 
of building on the sure foundation, Christ Jesus, 
referring to 1 Cor. 3: 11-15. Those who build on 
this foundation, — works represented by silver, 
gold and precious stones, — Bhall receive a reward. 
Those who are so unfortunate as to build thereon 
hay, Btubble, etc., will have their work consumed 
and they shall suffer loss,— that is, all thoy have 
done will be burned, but they, themselves, shall 
be saved. They Btill have the foundation upon 
.vhich to stand, — they are still saved, though as 
by fire. This, though not the most desirable sit- 
uation, is greatly to be desired rather than being 
eternally lost. These meetings, if rightly con- 
ducted, can be made great helps in keeping alive 
a proper interest in the church and her work. 


We have been aBked to give the design or ob- 
ject of Biblical interpretations or hernieneutics 
Perhaps the plmrtest way to do this will be to de- 
fine the terms. 

It is taken for granted that words, as used, con- 
vey ideas, and while the ideas themselves may be 
of a general character, the words to convey them 
may be subject to local interpretations. One man 
may use a certain word to convey an idea, while 
another man may use the same word to convey a 
different idea. Then, again, two men may use dif- 
ferent words to convey the same idea. As an il 
lustration, take the word bottle, as used in Luke 

In order to get the true idea and meaning 
this case, an interpretation is needed, and the 
manner by which the interpretation is made, 
called hermeneutics. 

If all men, in all time, had used exactly the 
same words to convey the same ideas, hermeneu 
tics, as a system, would not be needed, as in that 
case there could be no misunderstanding as to 
facts described, or ideas conveyed. But this not 
being the case, interpretations are necessary. If 
a man who used the English language two hun- 
dred years ago, were to arise from the dead and 
get hold of some of our works on the arts and sci- 
ences, he would not be able to understand them, 
from the fact that the inventions alone, made with- 
in the last century have introduced into our lan- 
guage over one thousand new words, while some 
of the words, then used, have become obsolete and 
others used in their place. Even to-day, though 
we are an English-speaking people, in our own 
country different customs, circumstances and de- 
velopments have made, to some extent, a sectional 
people, differing in our mode of thought, and, as 
a result, there is a difference in expression and 
feeling. To enable us to fully understand each 
other, we bring into use a system of hermeneutics, 
— in other words, we acquaint ourselves with each 
other's circumstances, mode of life, feelings and 

forms of expression. Having learned these, we 
are enabled to understand each other, or interpret 
eaoh other's language and feelings. 

This can be done after this maunor when both 
parties live in the same time and can get together, 
but hermeneutics are more especially applied to 
the writings of those who have written in past ag- 
es or different countries. If we wish to fully un- 
derstand the writings of other countries, we must 
either go there and become familiar with their 
manner of living and mode of thought, or we must 
study or learn it through those who have been 
there. By bo doing we may be able to interpret 
their writings. If the writings are those of past 
ages we must not only go to the place where the 
writings were made, but wo must go back to the 
time, and become acquainted with the customs 
and mode of life of the people as they then lived. 
These are the laws of interpretation, as applied to 
writings of a general character, and precisely the 
same laws must be applied to the writings of the 
Bible. The Bible is a collection of books in hu- 
man speech, and must be interpreted the same as 
other books, made in human language. The se- 
cret of interpreting any book is to understand ful- 
ly what the author says. To interpret the Bible, 
we must understand the language of those who 
wrote it, and to do this we must go back to the 
time and place of the writing and become fully 
acquainted with the respective writers, the object 
of the writings and the circumstances by which 
the writer was surrounded. 

Again, we refer to the circumstance, as record- 
ed in Luke 5: 37. Accept the rendering as we 
have it in our common version with our present 
use of language, and we have nonsense, but go 
back to the days of tho writer and we have an im- 
portant truth, beautifully illustrated. 

Not long since we received a letter from a lady 
of intelligence, stating that she had always been 
in love with the church of the Brethren and her 
doctrines, until a year ago. She then attended a 
series of meetings, field by one of our Brethren, 
who, among other subjects, preached on the "cov- 
ering," and took the position that in no case could 
the hair form a covering, such as Paul names in 
Corinthians. His argument was that the hair 
could not be a covering, " for how could a woman 
take her hair off and put it on again? Any simple- 
ton ought to know better than that." She became 
so disgusted with such reasoning and the man 
who did it, that she refused to go to hear him any 

That the hair was used as a covering and can 
till be so used on the part of women is not denied 
by us as a church. But what we have been teach- 
ing is that the particular covering, here referred 
to by Paul, was a special covering then in common 
use by the Jewish Christiana and here recom- 
ded by Paul to be used by all Christian wom- 
en in times of religious services. And had this 
brother, if correctly reported, been governed by the 
( Continued on page 53. ) 


Sacred to the Memory of Galilee -Mark 6: 45. 56. 

My heart goes out to Galilee, 
Along Its shores I fain would be, 
Right on Its breast the sore dlstrest 
In mercy met the Savior brees'd, Clio 
E'en while the waves mre running high, 
To them he spake: " Fear not, 'tis I." 
The night Is dark, we're on a sea, 
And heavy waves roll wild and free.— Cl 
Bless'd Savior, come, say, " Peace be slil 
Row our (rail harks to Zion's hill, 
O, in that land of peace and rest, 
We'll 1 raise thy name with all the blest, 

Nor cease while endlesc years shall last- 

I lear Savior come while on the sea, 
And :till the storm, speak peace to me, 
Remove my fear and nil my dread 
And say, " TlB I, he not afraid." 
And when we reach the farther shore, 
I'll praise thy name for evermore. 

-7. /I. 

liad for 



when we know what Pan! and the saints 
their experience. 

But to put a blush of shame on the face of every 
servant of Got! who would to-day, in onr land of 
liberty, boast of his work for Jesns, I ask all to 
read, time aud again, 2 Cor. 11: 18, 32, and Bee 
there what the experience of this faithful servant 
of God was. A few times going over this lesson, 
not merely of working for the Lord, but of working 
on amid all the opposition Satan could bring, aud 
at the same time suffering from the wounds of 
whips, rods and stones, while working and suffer- 
ing for a Master in heaven, and for a crown of 
eternal life, will take pride away by the wholesale. 
Brethren, such experience will be worth millions 
to us all, if we will only take it, and if it should 
make us no stronger for the work assigned us, but 
only cure that hateful disease now so common, 
and called "grumbling" (but called murmuring 
by the Spirit), it will bo a good wort, for - it will 
bring peace to many homes and hearts, and save 
souls by the thousand. See 1 Cor. 10: 10. 

Brethren, let us have the experience o£ our old 
soldiers of the cross, both brethren and sisters, as 
to what the Lord has done for them, and I am 
confident it will do all of ns good. It will en- 
courage many who, at times, feel to give up in de- 
spair, bnt to hear how the Lord has stood by oth- 
ers in far greater afflictions and trials will help ua 
forget our light afflictions. 

Lanier, Ohio. 

While looking over the situation of our Broth- 
erhood, as presented to us weekly by the GosrEL 
Mesbenoeb, I have been led to think that the ex- 
perience of our many members, many of whom 
have been long in the Master's service, and espe- 
cially that of the ministry, would afford us all 
food for thought, and give us lessons for the ben- 
efit of all, in timo to come. 

I know that the Brethren, as a church, have not 
always favored the idea of experience meetings, 
but I notice that many of our older speakers are 
very good in telling what the Lord has done for 
them, which is right, and this is all I wish to sug- 
gest to the Messengek, and its readers. 

Do not fear that the thought is of doubtful 
propriety, and to be cast aside because thought to 
be a new thing that has not yet been proved, for 
it is by no means a now idea with the people of 
God, who read the Bible aud obtain the rich food 
it so abundantly supplies to all who will take it. 
For a leBson of experience and that, too, of a na- 
tion in serving the Lord, and then also of what 
followed in refusing to serve him, please read 
what is given by Moses, the servant of God, in 
Deut. 1, 2, 3, 4, up to voree 22 of the last-named 
chapter, aud I feel the experience there given, 
will do all good, and especially ministers. For 
another lesson please take the life of Job, the old- 
est book the world has, and see, too, if his experi- 
ence as to what the Lord did for him will not do 
all of us good, to read it time and again. 

For lessons of life, in all iis variety, read fre- 
quently from the Book of Psalms. There you 
will find testimony from Moses, David and others, 
telling not what they had done for the Lord, or 
for others, bnt what the Lord had done for them. 
These lessons will bo food, yea, the Bread of 
Heaven, to all who will take it. 

Bnt let us come down for experience under the 
yoke of Jesus, aud by those who knew fully what 

WATCH !-Mark 13: 

by w. w. KTJLP. 

The Christians who lived right after the time 
of Christ were looking and longing for the return 
of Christ. Why? They had learned to love him 
personally. Many of them had seen him, had re- 
ceived his gentle smile, listened to his gracious 
ds, and had received healing at his hands. 
Perhaps one of their family or friends had been 
healed after a long suffering. Their hearts had 
been filled with an abiding peace, such as they 
had never known. They had given of their tem- 
poral things to the cause of Christ, and were de- 
spised of many. From the effects of surrounding 
sin; also from temptations, they longed to be free. 
Christ had taught them of the redemption of all 

The prophets told of the time when Christ 
would be over all and in all, Lord of lords, and 
King of kings. For this time they looked and 
longed. They knew Christ must come in person 
visible to the natural eye, before sin would be ban 
ished. "Was not the daily expecting and looking 
a great aid to a faithful life? Was it not a great 
aid to labor to help save their fellow-beings, oi 
relieve hunger or suffering? They knew when Je- 
sus came, all would be over, and they would have 
lorious living. Even if dead they would be 
called to life. Thus they gave their lives in the 
arena or at the stake. 

We should have a personal love for^ Christ, 
which will beget a longing for him. Have we 
this, or are we cold and soy, Christ will not come 
for a hundred years? We are afraid he may 
come; hence we put the time far off. If we love 
Christ as we should, would we not look and long 
for him aud be disappointed, because he does not. 

Certain events must come to pass. They are in 

the past, or are now taking place, and instead of 




If he did not, we ought to be able to find some 
proof of that fact. He said to the apostles: " Ye 
call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so 
I am. If I then, your Lord and Master, have 
washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one an- 
other's feet. For I have given you on example, 
that ye should do as I hove done to you." John 
13: 13-15. There can be no question as to wheth- 
er Christ tanght the apostles to wash one anoth- 
er's feet The question seems to be, Was it to be 
observed by the disciples later? 

Well, let ns examine the case in the light of 
reason and revelation. The Savior sayB, "He 
whom God hath ssut spesketh the words of God." 
John 3: 34. Again he says, "For I have not 
spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, 
he gave me a commandment, what I should say, 
and what I should speak." John 12: 49. Here 
we notice that Christ is Bent of God, and, there- 
fore, must speak the words of God. He asks this 
very significant question: " And if I soy the truth, 
why do ye not believe me?" John 8: 46. 

Ei the forty-seventh verse he makes a very 
strong statement in the following words: "He 
that is of God henreth God's words: ye therefore 
hear them not, because ye are not of God." Sure- 
ly, feet-washing was among the words which he 
left with the apostles to teach to the notions, and 
as they are also sent of God, they, too, must speak 
the words of God. 

For the proof that they were sent of God, we 
cite the following words oi Jesus: In his address 
to his Father in heaven he Bays, " As thou hast 
sent me into thu world, evs-n so have I also sent 
them into the world." John 17: 18. Here we 
have the plain declaration that they were sent, 
but still the question may arise, as to what kind 
of a message they were to carry to the world. 

Our auxieties on this point are immediately re- 
lieved by the following words of Jesus, where, ad- 
dressing himself to the Father, he says, " For I 
have given unto them the words which thou gav- 
est me." John 17: 8. Here wo discover that the 
apoBths had the same thing to tell to the world, 
that Jesus brought from heaven, and delivered 
unto them, and as an additional testimony on this 
head, we call your attention to the words of 
Christ, as recorded in Matt. 28: 19, 20: "Go ye 
therefore, and teach all nations, etc. Teaching 
them to observe nil things whatsoever I have com- 
manded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even 
unto the end of the world." Amen. 

Yes, everybody says, Amen, to the promise, but 
how about the performance of the duty, upon 
which the promise rests? They were to teach the 
nations, not simply to hear, but to observe all 
things, whatsoever he had commanded them, and 
when we read the three verses, as first quoted in 
the beginning of this article, all doubt as to wheth- 
er Jesus commanded the apostles to wash one an- 
other's feet, is removed. That seemed to be one of 
the all things, which they were to teach, and upon 
which their fidelity to the charge given, was 
hinged. And since the great commission required 
the heralds of the truth to go into all nations, we 
claim that it comes to us too. 

Is it reasonable, then, that the promise should 
come to ns, aud leave the commands to be per- 
formed by some one else? Most undoubtedly we 
must take upon us an equal part of the duties, 

it was to bear it. Please read 2 Cor. 3: 18; also looking, we sleep and say by our actions, "The before we can claim on equal port in he prom s- 
2 Cor 4- 7 12- 5 C. Then think of our work Lord delays his coming." Will we be wise or es. But right here wo are met with the plea that 
here ' Think of the " flowery beds," sofas in par- foolish virgins? May the Lord help every one of the apostles did not teach leet-washiug when they 

1 i that we may have oil in our lamps! went forth to teach after the day of Pentecost, 

Pottstown Pa, I ancl wlien we ia 1 ulr6 wlj y 6no11 an idea nad ob ' 

lorB, luxurious coaches on 
all to be ashamed to say 

trainsl We ought 
: ' cross " or " burden" j 


tained, we are referred to the fact that the apos- 
tles, in their epistles to the churches, say nothing 
about feet-washing. 

Sure enough, when we consult the two, written 
by Peter, we find not a word on that subject. 
Then we turn to John, and read carefully the 
three epistles written by him, and we still find 
nothing. Next we take up the epistle general of 
James, and the desired information is not yet 
found. Lastly, we go to Jude, and with all our 
care in reading and our ardent desire to find the 
much-coveted proof, it still is wanting. 

Now, what is to be done? We are at the end of 
the list, for theBe four are the only ones anions 
the twelve apostles, that wrote to the churches. 
Shall we take it for granted, because there is 
nothing in those epistles, that, therefore, there 
was nothing said by them on that subject? Be- 
fore we form our final conclusion on this feature 
of the case, let us examine the same epistles, to 
find out if they taught anything on the subject of 
the Communion of the body and blood of the 

We are surprised to find nothing. Now what 
think ye? We were ready to conclude, since 
none of them said anything about feet- washing in 
their epistles to the churches, that they did not 
teach feet-washing at all, and if their silence 
that subject is to be regarded as proof that they 
did not teaoh it, the same would hold good 
Communion too. But we all seem to think those 
faithful ambassadors for Christ would not have 
neglected to teach such an important part, 
observance of the holy Communion, for Jesus 
says, "Except ye eat, the flesh of the Son of Man, 
and drink his blood, ye have no life in you." 
John 6: 53. 

Let us notice, in this connection, what he said 
to Peter about feet-washing: "If I wash thee not, 
thou hast no part with me." John 13: 8. Now 
where is the difference? Wo plainly read, "Ex- 
cept ye eat of the flesh and drink of the blood of 
Jesus, ye have no life in you." He made the pen- 
alty just as hard on Peter, when he refused to 
have his feet washed. Since the apostles said 
nothing in their epistles to the churches, on ei- 
ther of these, — the above-named points, — upon 
what mode of reasoning shall we rest our plea, if 
we say that they taught the Communion, and did 
not teach feet-washing? And where have we a 
promise, if we do not obey the all things, as given 
by the Head of the church? 

But if silence is to be promoted to the position 
of an argument, would we not have a good deal of 
argument in favor of their having taught feet- 
washing?— for we are bound to admit that Jesus 
taught them to wash one another's feet. See 
John 13: 14, 15. We are also bound to admit 
that Jesus commanded them to teach the nations 
just what he had taught them. For he says, 
" Teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever 
I have commanded you." Matt. 28: 20. Here is 
where the promise came to the apostles, juBt as 
they were faithful to the all things, and we, their 
successors, claim the promise, but wish to leave 
the apostles to perform their duty. It is unrea- 
sonable, to say the least of it. We must fall in 
line with the duties, and then we have some show- 
ing for our claim to the promises. 

But, after all, we are told that, in reference to 
the bread and cup of Communion, Jesus said, 
" This do in remembrance of me," making it bind- 
ing upon us, as his followers, while in feet-washing 
he only says, "Ye ought" to do that. It is 
claimed that ought is not imperative, but leaves 
the matter at the option of the individual, to do 
or not to do, as he may feel. This, however, 
makes the feelings of the individual to be the au- 
thority for the action, and leaves Christs's author- 
ity out of the question. 

Let us look at that a little. There 
tain man who had received one talent, and because 
he looked upon his master as being an 
man, because he gathered where he had no 
etc., he allowed his feelings to control his actions, 
and hid his talent. He was informed later that 
he ought to have put it where it would have been 
yielding an income, and because he did not do 
what he ought to have done, he was bourn] and 
cast into outer darkness. Ought seem 

It is claimed however, that Paul comes to our 
relief, on the question of the Communion,— if the 

other apostles do say nothing about it, : 

epistles to the churches. That is true. In 1 Cor. 
10: 10, Paul speaks of the bread and cup of Com- 
munion. And in 1 Cor. 11: 23-26, he speaks of 
both the Sapper and Communion, and tells plain- 
ly from whence his authority came, etc. 

In 1 Tim. 5: 10, he also mentions feet-washing, 
and in Philpp. 4: 9, he says, "Those things, which 
ye have both learned, and received, and heard, 
and seen in me, do: and the God of peace shall be 
with you." If you do what Paul taught, the God 
of peace shall be with you, and that is just what 
Jesus said Bhould follow, if they teach the nil 
things. So Paul must have taught the all things, 
etc. See 2 Cor. 2: 9, also, 1 Tim. 6: 3. Here he 
brings in the words of Jesus Christ, and snrely 
feet-washing belongs to the words of Jesus. To 
offset the "hot-country" theory, as taught in 
John 18: 18, here it positively says it was cold on 
the very night that Jesus washed the disciples' 
feet. . 



While studying the many characters which are 
prominent, in the history of the world in general, 
we are astonished at the faithfulness, fidelity, and 
untiring zeal of the few, and the deception, fick- 
leness, and comparative indifference of the many. 
In no history of any nation is that unselfishness 
exhibited in the biography of its great men, as in 
the Bible. There we find the evil deeds of indi- 
viduals represented in detail; as well ea the good. 
There we find not only David's righteousness but 
also his great sins set forth with greater accuracy 
than human agency alone is able to accomplish. 
A man will Ecarcely speak evil of his fellows un- 
less he hate them, and if so, he enlarges until 
more than truth is told. 

ArnoBg the many characters, represented in the 
history of the Bible, we come to one whose life is 
not so prominently set forth as others, but who, 
nevertheless, possessed many interesting qualities. 
This is Esau. And since his acts are of little con- 
sequence in the history of God's people, wo know 
very little about him except as a result of the con- 
flicts of his life with the life of Jacob, his young- 
er brother. 

Besides other interesting incidents, connected 
with the birth of theBe two, we have this proph 
ecy spoken of them, "The elder shall serve the 
younger." And as time passed, the affection of 
Bebekah, their mother, was bestowed upon Jacob, 
who was thus more attached to his home than 
Esau, who was comparatively shunned by his 
mother. Jacob's work, therefore, was more do- 
mestic, while Esau came to be of a roving charac- 
ter. "Esau was a cunning hunter,— a man of the 
field: and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in 
tents. And Isaac loved Esau because he ate of 
his venison: but Bebekah loved Jacob." Gen. 25: 
27, 28. As a result, we find both of them striving 
for supremacy. 

According to the customs of God's people at 
that age, there were certain privileges conferred 

Ideal on,— such as lordship, the right 
blessing, and beistow it again, the 
il ■'••", and die right to act as priest. 
'■■'■'■ ''■■■'' birthright. This caused 
between Esau and Jacob. The latter 
werj opportunity to wrest this from Esan. 
As Esau returns from the field, comparatively ex- 
exercise and hunger, we find 
him implorini Jacobfors morsel to oat. Jacob, 
taking advantage of the depressed condition of 
his brother, refused him food, except tor his 
Qg as if his life was near 
: the fatal offer. This is the be- 

B ,.l disasters of Esau. He 
becomes a gross sensualist, "a profane person," 
Hob. 12: 16, grieving his parents by associating 
with the daughters of the Oauaanites. Finally he 
is denied the blessing, bestowed by the father up- 
on the older son. 

Why was he thus? In the first place ho was 
not loved by his mother. If there is any one 
thing that stands decidedly above others in the 
formation of the character of an individual, it is a 
mother's love. Thero is no love so constant and 
unfailing as that of a mother. Without it, I dare 
say, very few ever attain to any excellency of 
character. To it we have attributed the success 
of the ablest mon the world has ever produced. 

Then, why should we wonder at the reckless- 
ness with which Esau plunged into a dissolute 
life, or should we not rathor regard it as a natural 
consequence of the conduot of his parents? 
Again, can we censure him for selling his birth- 
right? A man who is almost starving for food 
and who, if not supplied, will die, cares little for 
aught save that which will preserve life at the 
present; for how can he need anything, if not sup- 
plied with that? 

This was the condition under which Esau was 
placed. Starving for sustenance, he was forced to 
part with all he had,— his birthright,— to obtain 
it. Ho reasoned thus: "Behold, I am at the point 
ofd lath, i i p St shall this birthright do 

i ; '■:■■" ' We can only think that, 

though Esau ae i .1 foolishly, ho did what any oth- 
er man, not assii ted by Divine Power, would have 
done. Nor was it because he esteemed his birth- 
right lightly, for he afterwards repented bitterly 
when ho was deprived of the blessing. These 
misfortunes were enough to drive almost any man 
to desperation. Is it any wonder his brother had 
to flee to escape his wrath, after having so shame- 
fully deceived both him and his father? And 
even now I can scarcely help admiring his self- 
will, when in great distress because of the fail- 
ure to receive the blessing, and when, in the 
height of anger, he delayed his evil intentions. 
Men now may do well to follow Esau's example in 
this respect. His intention was to kill his brother, 
but having curbed his desire for a more favorable 
opportunity, his wrath subsided, aud when the 
opportunity presented itself, the desire was gone. 
Ever afterwards he was a friend to him whom he 
had sought to kill. 

We have now given a short sketch of the life of 
Esau, so far as his immediate life is of interest to 
us, but in the prophecy to which we have alluded, 
there was the promise of two separate nations to 
arise from the two sons. This also was spoken 
concerning Esau. " And by thy sword thou sbalt 
live." Gen. 37: 40. Thus we find that Esau was 
to become a great and warlike nation, " and his 
name is Edom." Gen. 37: 1. The Edomites did 
become a great nation, maintaining their nation- 
ality by the sword. We find them spoken of fre- 
quently in the Bible, and as we have to-day na- 
tions which trace their origin to Jacob, so we 
have a nation, supposed to have descended from 
Esau. Compare the Arabs with the Edomites, 
and we find traces of similarity. 



There may be many beautiful lessons drawn 
from the life of Esau, but we will mention only 
two. In the selling of the birthright we may 
make a spiritual application. Considering the 
birthright as our right to eternal happiness, we 
may, like Esau, lose our right to it by yielding to 
the lusts of the world, and when we come to re- 
ceive the blessing of heaven, we find we are de- 
nied it. In Gen. 27: 30 we find that Esau lifted 
up bis voice and wept. But when that one who 
neglected the necessary preparation to meet God 
weeps, there will be greater sorrow than has ever 
been experienced on this earth. Although wo 
may think that the foolish pleasures of this life 
are of little importance, they are sufficiently largo 
to keep us from obtaining the final blessing, if we 
continue to indulge in them. Those of us who, 
by the new birth, have a right to eternal happi- 
ness, may wander bo far from the path of right- 
eousness, that we may lose our reward. Like 
Esau, who had a right, by birth, to the blessing of 
his father, we may wander so far in the path of 
sin as to be compelled to sell our birthright. 

Another lesson which we would draw from tho 
character of Esau ib one, indicative of a good 
quality,— that of repentance. This isuhowuby the 
sorrow mauifested on account of having Eold his 
birthright, but not until the time when the bless- 
ing should have been bestowed, did he fully re- 
alize his mistake. This disposition of repentance 
was good, but it waB too late. Alasl how many 
do we see putting off their repentance till it is too 
latel Every one muBt repent of his evil deeds; 
if not before tho time to receive tho bleBsing, it 
must be thon. We know not how soon our Heav- 
enly Father desires to bestow upon us eternal 
bliss; therefore we should be ready to roceive it, 
no matter when that hour may come. 

Ml. Morris, 111. 


BY MA11V m. wiuanT. 


We have all some one,— it may be 
will be acted on by our example, and insensibly 
led to love the things that we love, to take pli 
nre in our pleasures, and an interest in our pur- 
suits. For their sakes, if not for our own, let us 
be very careful what those pleasures and pursuits 
are, and whether they tend to bring us nearer to 
holiness and to God. Some may frequent these 
places of amusement on account of their associ- 
ates. Others may claim that their parents never 
told them that it was wrong. Some even say, 
" We have no pleasure at home." 

Parents, let us go to work and see to it that 
there is pleasure at home for our children, and all 
who may abide with us! Let us pray with them, 
sing with them, be oheerful and happy with them, 
and, above all, encourage them to go to places of 
devotion. Let us teach them to abhor those plac- 
es of Binful amusements, and let us teach them to 
do juBtly, love mercy, and walk humbly before 
God, and so to abide in the light and life of 
Christ, our Savior. 

We have even heard Brethren's children say, 
" I have never heard my parentB pray." Oh, par- 
ents, stop and think of the responsibility resting 
upon you! It is a solemn thiug to make a profes- 
sion of'religion, and we must endeavor to bi 
sistent. We believe that to this end a season of 
quiet meditation and recreation is not only allow 
able, but necessary and right. 

In the ordering of a kind Providence, brooks 
are granted us by the way, as we pass through the 
world; there are wells in the desert where we may 
rest and be refreshed, and go on our way rejoicing. 
In all our recreations or amusements, let us 
first ponder whether we can ask God to bless 

them ; and if so, let us enjoy them freely. It is a 
proof o£ their innocent nature when we are able 
to thank God for them. Simple pleasures are 
said to be the only safe ones, because they alone 
leave the mind free for the exercise of devotion, 
and the affections warm and fresh for the contem- 
plation of " the things that belong to our peace." 
How can we go to these places where the 
oughts cf God must leave ns! How can we go 
lere our love for God must be chilled, where 
:r minds are unfitted for prayer at night V 
The Holy Spirit himself has taught us how we 
ought to walk, and that, by putting away " ungod- 
liness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, 
righteously, and godly in this present world; 
ng for that blessed hope, and the glorious 
appearing of the great God and our Savior Jesus 
Christ; who gave himself for us, that he might 
redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto him- 
self a peculiar people, zealous of good works." 
Titus 2: 12-14. 

Precept in all cases is good, but example is bet- 
ter aud far more influential. It is well to bear our 
testimony agaiust worldly pleasures, amidst world- 
ly scenes, but it is better to live so that those 
around ub may Bee how happy and cheerful we 
can be without them. 

A Christian may do a great deal of good by 
Bimply showing to others the happiness that 
dwells within. The hour will come when many 
shall weary of those things in which they now 
take delight, when they shall feel within their 
hearts an aching void, which earthly pleasures 
can never satisfy, and if at such times they be- 
hold the child of God still calm and peaceful, re- 
joicing in his Father's love, will they not long to 
exchange the laughter in which the heart is Bad 
for the peace which passeth all understanding' 
Oh, let us all strive to recommend, by a cheerful 
demeanor, the religion which we profess and 
which we love! Let us uphold the Christian 
standard in our humble, watchful and prayerful 
walk before God, and before our fellow-creatures. 
While we are in the world, let us not be of the 
world. Let us so speak, as we pass along on life's 
journey, that otherB may hear us and be glad. 
This should, undoubtedly, be one of our greatest 

Let all learn to choose and enjoy proper amuse- 
ments, and thus have such homes as they would 
wish to have their own children enjoy. Not one- 
half of mankind knows how to make a home. 
This is why it should become one of our great- 
est studies. It is one of the greatest and most 
useful studies of life to learn how to make a 
home,— such a home as we should have. It is a 
study that should be early brought to the atten- 
tion of the young, so that there will not be bo 
many seekers after unbecoming worldly amuse- 

host crossed dry-Bhod. We pitched our tent, 
aud, after proper examination of the candidate for 
baptism, I selected portions of Scripture appro- 
priate. After prayer, I read of ChriBt's baptism 
and the Commission. With the candidate's hand 
mine, we waded deep in the Jordan, and I 
re declared, ' In this historical river, where 
the Israelites crossed, and Naaman plunged seven 
times for the cure of the leprosy, and Christ was 
baptized, and which has been used in all ages as 
a symbol of the dividing line between earth and 
heaven, I baptize thee in the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Amen.' " 

Following this, on page 48, is a picture, entitled, 
" Dr Talmage Baptizing a Candidate in Jordan." 
In this picture he is represented as standing in 
the water up to his loins, with a group standing 
on the bank. He does not here describe the man- 
ner of the baptism, but in the Christian Herald, 
of which he is editor, he names the baptism as 
trine immersion. 

On page 233 of his work is another picture, rep- 
resenting Christ's baptism. In this picture, he 
represents Christ as standing near the edge in the 
water, above ankle depth. John, the administra- 
tor, is standing on a rock, pouring water on the 
head of Christ, with a cup or Bhell. It ib almoBt 
needless to say to the reader, in the language of 
my title, that there is a glaring inconsistency be- 
tween the two foregoing pictures. We note the 
following points: 

1. If Christ was baptized as the doctor's pict- 
ure indicates, why did he not baptize the Ameri- 
can in that way, and as such would then have 
been a follower (?) of Christ? 

2. In the doctor's picture, he only hoB Christ, 
the candidate, in the water, whereas the Bible 
teaching is: " And they both went down into the 
water, both Philip and the eunuch," Acta 8: 38. 

3. The apoBtle's teaching is that baptism is " a 
burial;" " a washing." The Doctor's picture ut- 
terly fails to come up to this standard, hence, how 
woefully inconsistent! What an amount of de- 
fects and inconsistencies there will be to correct 
in that great coming judgment day! 

When we consider the number of the Doctor's 
hearers, and the vast multitude of his readers, the 
influence he is exerting in the religious world, 
and then gaze upon such inconsistent measures 
aud misguiding influences, and call to mind the 
number of candid, seeking souls that he must con- 
fuse and mislead, it is both sad and lamentable. 
We pray the Lord to have mercy on the deluded, 
wandering and misguided race of mankind. 

Covington, Ohio. 





Some time ago, Dr. Talmage was interviewed 
by a press reporter, in reference to his book on 
the life of Christ. "The title of the book, I 
gave," — said the doctor, — " much thought, as to 
what it should be. While on the train, pas 
through Ohio, suddenly the title, 'Manger to 
Throne,' presented itself to me, and the matter 
was at ones decided." 

From thiB work we clip the following: "Yester- 
day we left Jericho, and, having dipped in the 
Dead Sea, we came, with a feeling we can never 
describe, upon the Jordan, — a river that more peo- 
ple have desired to see than any other. On our 
way, we overtook an American, who requested mo 
to baptize him by immersion in the River Jordan. 
I We dismounted at the place where Joshua and 

Part One. 
In the greatest history the world ever had, we 
find much said about this old man. He assumes 
great authority, and haB great power. John, in 
Eev. 9: 11, tells, us that thiB old man is a king, 
and calls his name Apollyon. He spends his time 
traveling from place to place, looking after his 
subjects, ub well as the subjects of the other king- 
dom. He takes great interest in trying to induce 
the subjects of the other kingdom to forsake their 
king and accept him. He makes great promises, 
as inducements to hold the subjects of his king- 
dom, as well as to gain the subjects of the other 
kingdom. He is very active and willing to help 
any that will take him for their counselor. He ib 
willing to clothe one from the top of the head to 
the sole of the foot, and will do his best to make 
the clothes he offers you to appear perfectly 
whole, without Bpot or blemish, or at least with- 
out holes, so that none can see through them. 

Jan. 26, 1892. 


But Satan is a deceiver, and be who wears hie 
clothes will be deceived. There is One whose 
eyes can and will see all the holes and spots that 
are about the garments you receive of this old 
man. Paul tells us, " Be not deceived; God is not 
mocked." Gal. 6: 7. 

This old man is not particular about us putting 
on the whole garment he offers us. If he can on- 
ly get us to wear one piece of the garment he of- 
fers us, he is satisfied; for he knows, then, that he 
has his work accomplished. He knows that he 
who seeth all things, hath said, " Whosoever shall 
keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, 
he is guilty of all." James 2: 10. 

And now, dear reader, let ub examine ourselves, 
and see if we have about us even one piece of the 
garment, offered by this king. If so, then we are 
subjects of his kingdom, and cannot be subjects 
of the other kingdom. Paul tells us there is no 
concord between the two. 2 Cor. 6: 15. Now, as 
there is no concord between the two kings or their 
subjects, let us hasten to examine aud see which 
is the best kingdom, and having found it, let ub 
abide therein. 

The subjects belonging to the kingdom of the 
old man are provided with garments or clothes 
that are the reverse of those that belong to the 
kingdom of the new man. 

One of the garments offered by this old man is 
an attachment for the unbridling of the tongue. 
Dear reader, have we made use of this attach- 
ment for the unbridling of the tongue? If so, 
we are then in the kingdom of this old man. 
James, in his third chapter, speaks much about 
this, and shows us what great harm comes by the 
unbridling of the tongue. When speaking ill of 
our neighbor, or members, have we used this at 
tachment so as to tell the untruth, that things may 
appear different? Remember, that God hath said 
that no liar can enter heaven, but "shall have 
their part in the lake which burneth with fire and 
brimstone." Rev. 21: 8. 

Seeing, then, the final end of those that wear 
garments offered by this old man; it is high time 
that we examine ourselves, to see if we are wear- 
ing any of the garments which this old man is in- 
sisting on us receiving, and if we find we are in 
possession of clothes from his manufactory, let us 
hasten to cast them far from us, and take the ad- 
vice that James gives us: "Resist the devil and 
he will flee from you." James 4: 7. 

Covina, Cal. 

BY 8. Z. SHAEr. 

Reformations mature slowly and come at long 
intervals. The great religious reformation, of the 
sixteenth century, had its origin several centuries 
before its consummation. 

The anti-slavery movement had a small begin- 
ning among obscure persons. Its opponents em- 
braced the forces of wealth, politics, and religion. 
The wealthy regarded this peculiar institution as 
necessary to their happiness. Aristocracy de- 
manded it to maintain its appearance in public. 
This brought it into politics, and even religion 
was invoked in its defense, and the Bible was free- 
ly quoted to prove that it had the sanction of 
heaven. Denominations were divided, but all the 
efforts of the combined forces of earth and Satan 
could not resist the enlightened public sentiment, 
the spirit of the Gospel and the power of an un- 
seen Hand, which crushed it forever. 

Now we are in the midst of the temperance re- 
form. The same forces of wealth, power and even 
religion, are marshalled against it. The Bible is 
freely quoted by the rum power, in its defense, 
but the same Power that annihilated slavery, can 
also overthrow the rum power. 

While this last conflict is going on we see an- 
other reform advancing in a quiet way. Some of the 
same old enemies, — wealth and aristocracy,— are 
its opponents. We refer to the reform in dress. 

All kuow that there is such a reform begun who 
are familiar with the best current literature 
and some of our most able lecturers, educators, 
and pulpit orators. Like all other great reforms, 
it may have a weak and obscure beginning, but the 
Judge of all the earth who doeth right, will bo its 

The public mind is being enlightened on this 
subject. Educators are elevating, in many places, 
the youthful mind to a nobler sphere and a better 
practice. Ministers cry out against the sin aud 
tyranny of fashion. Public lecturers denouuco it. 
One of America's great, educators and lecturers 
lately stated the following: " No true artist would 
choose to paint a noble character, in the garb of 
modern fashion. Artists, like poets, are guided 
by a kind of inspiration and express on canvas 
what their sonls have received from a higher pow- 

An examination of the works of the greatest 
masters that ever lived, will Bhow that the above 
statement is correct. The word and the spirit of 
God never contradict each other. The former says 
in regard to adorning the body, "Let it not be that 
outward adorning of plaiting the hair aud of wear- 
ing of gold or of putting on of apparel." The lat- 
ter only expresses in visible forms on canvas what 
the former teaches by precept. Many of our read- 
ers have seen the representation of Christ and his 
apostles at the last supper, and have noticed the 
propriety of each garment. The transfiguration, 
by Raphael, Christ before Pilate, by Michael 
Munkacsy, or any paiutiug of a great master, uo 
matter in what age it was produced, invariably 
presents its characters clothed in simple garments. 
This is the strongest proof that in every age the 
most enlightened taste was in favor of simplicity 
of dress. 

An effort to bring about a reform in dress is go- 
ing on. The progress may be. slow, like that of the 
anti-slavery movement, but ti has God on its side. 
In the auti Blavery aud temperance movements 
the Brethren were pioneers. In the cause of sim- 
plicity of dress, the Brethren have ever been its 
strong defenders. They have a mission to fill in 
battling against the sin and tyranny of fashion. 



( Concluded from first page. ) 
laws of hermeuentics he would have kuown that 
Paul knew what he was talking about, and that ac- 
cording to the customs of the times it would have 
been a very easy matter to use their hair for a 
covering. The meaning of the word, as then used, 
also conveys the same truth as given by Paul. 
Kalupto, to cover, hide, conceal; Kata, downward. 
Put the two together, we have Kata Kalupio, to 
cover or veil by putting the hair down and for- 
ward. In this way the ladies of that time used 
their hair for a covering as Paul says, aud iu ad- 
dition to this covering he here recommends and 
urges the veil, or artificial covering, to be used by 
all Christian women during times of prayer aud 
religious worship. 

There is much in Paul's writings that cannot 
be interpreted by present customs and usages. 
In these interpretations we must be governed by 
precisely the same laws as we would in interpret- 
ing any other book. We must get with the writer 
at the time he wrote and become familiar with all 
the Burrouuding and attending circumstances. 

Some of you may think it strange that we thus 
write, and that a study of this kind is a new thing 
among us. But it is not. There is not a minis- 
ter among us, of any note, who has not, to Eoine ex- 
tent, mado use of the science of hermeneutics in 
his Biblical interpretations. He has either him. 
self made it. a study or unconsciously gotten it 
from his general reading and intercourse with oth- 

We sometimes foolishly deny certain things, 
because we fail to interpret our own language and 
the words we use. A good old brother once stat- 
ed before a congregation that he never Btudied 
theology an hour during all hiB life. Of course 
he did not tell the truth, as he was a fair Scriptur- 
ian and had studied theology during all his min- 
istry. The trouble with him was, he had attached 
to the word a wrong meaning. And right here, 
in thiH case, we have a beautiful illustration of the 
use of hermeneutics aB a help to a proper inter- 
pretation. He was a man who used certain words 
to convey his ideaB to other persons. To him, 

aud perhaps a few of his hearers, they meant one 
Talk of life as we may, trample upon it, tie- ' * ain fe'. WDile to others they meant quite a different 
spise it, reject it, still it is wonderful. There is thing. To those who understood the word in its 
something about it that beare the impress of true meaning, his declaration was unintelligible, 
greatness. There is something about the reality and they could not understand his meaning unless 
of the soul, more awe-inspiring than all the K or- j they would first learn to know the man and his 
geons splendors of the skies. There is a grand- j use of language. Just so it is in all caseB of in- 
eur in its very repose that bespeaks its kinship | terpretatiou. To understand and be understood 
With the Infinite and the Eternal. God made it, \ mealls to km)w each oth maDner o£ ,; f modes 

and looked upon it with a smile, aud dignified it . ,, .. , . , T , ... 

.., , ■ , . ,., ' . " , , .„ or thought and use ot language. If we wish to 

with his own glorious likeness. We cannot, trine . , , T . ,, ... , , , , , 

with life without incurring guilt and the deepest ! mterpret l8&iah B wntl W e muet &*> bflck *° 
shame. It is God's rarest and most wonderful j hls lime ' learD the modes of thought and manner 
gift. If we throw it away, all the universe will ! of ex P rees,OD . Wlth a11 the attending circumstane- 
spum us, and eternity itself cannot exhaust our j es * Iu otllPr words, we must place ourselves by 
suffering.— Se/. i hiB side and among Ihe people to whom he spake. 

The same is true of the writings of the apostles 
and Paul. A good rule for all people and espe- 
cially ministers of the Gospel, is, never to con- 
demn a thing until we first know exactly what it 
is. Don't get frightened at such words as theol- 
ogy, horn i let ics, hermeneutics, etc., until you first 
consult a good dictionary and learn their exact 
meaning. By so doing you will be enabled to 
avoid repeating the blunders made by others who 

"We live in the midst of blessings, till wo are 
utterly insensible of their greatness and of the 
source from whence they flow. We speak of our 
civilization, our arts, our freedom, our lawg, and 
forget how large a share of all is due to Christian- 
ity. Blot Christianity out of the page of man's 
history, and what would our laws have been — 
what his civilization? Christianity is mixed up 
with our very being, and our daily life. There is 
not a familiar object around us, which has not , lacked that wisdom that should be possessed by 
been benefited by the light of Christian hope." those who claim to be teachers for God. 


Jan. 20, 1892. 

Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

"Upon the first day ol 
let every one ol you lay by him In 
store asGedhath prosier.:.! lilm. 
that there be no gatherings when 1 
come."-I Cor. 16: a. 

Every man as he purpose!!, I 
hli heart, «o let him give. N< 
grudgingly or ol necessity, lor th 
Lord lovcth a cheerful giver."- 

Cur o:v. 

fcrtd him.' 

\amrdinell Ml «««!>." "Every oneoi Old halh fnf 
"Ziei7mm,aiardlnraili ! ' 

Organization of Missionary Comrnittee. 

DANISl VaMIMAN, Foreman, 
O. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Galf.n r. Rover, Se< i 

McPherson, Kane 
Mi. Morris, III 

Mi, Morrl , III 

Organization of Book and Tract Work 

S. W. HOOVBR, Foreman, 

S. Bock, Secretary and Trcastir. 

ray-All donation! Intended toi '' ! ' I nan v. 

<.ai BN B, ROYBR, Ml. Morris, 111. 

HJ-AU money lor Tract Work should he sent to S. BOCK. Dayto, 

Br-Moncy may be sent by Money Or! ,, Islcred Li 

on New York or Chicago " I ' rl ' I"' 1 ■■'■'' ' '"'' :: ■ ' ' ,,,,ll: 

a It coats as cenls to collci 1 1 
■ Solicitors arc h I to lalthl dry I irry 

1 ol 

Mocllng, that all our members !»■ solicited to contribute at least twice a 
year lor Hie Mltilon and Trie! Wotll Ol Iho Church. 

tar-Notes for the Endowment Fund can be bad by writing to the Sec- 
retary ol cither Work. 


Virden, 111, a liieter, SI; Banker Hill, 111 , Mag 
gie Slifer, 6 cents, Charley Slifer, 6 cents, Ohes- 
tet Sli£er, 5 cento; Virden, 111 , Carrie Gibson's 
Sunday-school class, S2.07, James Wirt's Sunday- 
scbool class, 78 oents, Emma Stntsman's Sunday- 1 
school class, 52 cents, Martha Harshbarger's 
Sunday-school infaut class, 02 cents, Hannah 
Wirt's Sunday school class, 30 cents, David Gib- 
son, 40 cents; Linwoorj, Mil, Clara Englar, S3; 
Lonisburgh, Kane., Mia Fannie Wright, 25 cents, 
Jimmie Wright, IB cents; Gardner, Kans, Minnie 
Frants, 10 cents, Ida Crist, 7 cents, Osee Frants, 
2 cents, Ernie Gump, 1 cent, Walter Eckled, 1 
cent, Curtie Lyon, 1 cent, Raymond Crist, 1 cent; 
Virden, III, Everett Gibson, SI, .Teines Wirt's 
Stmilay-schoo! olass, 30 tents, Carrie Gibson's 
Sunday-school class, $2.60, Pleaiant Hill Sunday- 
school, 00 cents, Sunday-school Infant class, 35 
cents, Emma Stntsman's Sunday-school class, CO 
cents; Cerro Gordo, 111 , Children's Meeting, by 
E. A. Shirely, 15.07; Covina, Csl., Susie Zug'o 
Sunday-school class, 60 cents, Oelia Ovorholtzer, 
40 cents; Bonrbon, Ind . Eliza Hale, S1.30; South 
Waterloo, Iowa, Sunday-school, per Anna Miller, 
S5; Virden, 111, Lemuel Gibson, 5 cents; Belle- 
ville, Kans, Lizzie Hilary, SI 10; Yellow Greek, 
111, Mary M. Eby's Sunday-school class, 00 cente. 
Thanksgiving Offebino.— Elderton, Po , Jerry 
Kimiue!, 25 cents, Howard Kimmel, 25 cents, 
Blanch Kiinmel, 25 cents, Elgin Kimmel, 25 
centa; Centre View, Mo, J. 11. Rothrock, SI, 
Olive Eothrock, 50 cents, Lottie V. Eothrock, 50 
cents; Claggett'a Station, Md., a Bister, SI. 00; Vir- 
den, 111, Carrie Gibson, 84, Mary M Gibson, $2; 
West Otter Creek. Ill , by Lizzie Brubal i 2 63; 
Virden, 111, Sarah Fite, 10 cents, Evalena Gib- 
Bon, 9 cento, Ella Jaggers, 10 centa; Lam li 

W. Ya, Otis P. Ebert, ¥3; New Hops, Vn, L. L. 
y., 30 cei Ohio, Clara A. Holloway, 

$1; Lord8burg, Cal, Children's Meeting, per 
Mary Flora, Si, -15; Hudson, 111, Rebecca Suavely, 
80 cents; Dayton, Ohio, S. Marietta Stitaly, 50 
oents; Virden, 111, Carrie Gibson's Sunday-school 
class, Chas. Brubaker, Trees, S1.85, Primary 
Sunday- sclicol class, 41 cents. 
• Rooktou, Pa , solicited by Dane)] and Mervin 
Hollopeter, Wesley Dewit, 20 cents, Cullie Hollo- 

io rents, J. H. Beer, 10 cents, Jason Hollo- 
: ,, U nts, Libbie Hollopeter, 15 cents, Glenn 
I -,-, 1 cent, Mervin Hollopeter, 12 cente, 
fleer, 5 cents, Dairell Hollopeter, 10 
cents, Mary Bonbaker, 8 cents; Virden, 111, Em- 
ma Stutsman's Sunday-school class, 00 cents; 
Bunker Hill, 111, M. F. Slifer, SI; Beatrice, Gage 
Co, Nebr, S1.26; Linwood, Md , Pipe Creek Sun- 
day-school, per Clara Erglar, S2.25. 

" Total, *5750 

Juue report 35 00 

Full amount for 1891 92 50 

Full amount of previous reports, 407 74 

Whole amount • 500 25 

Maey Gibson. 

Virden, 111. _ ^ 



This was the command of the Lord to Peter. 
Ho did not tell Peter what to feed them. We 
would infer that Peter was to learn elsewhere 
what the food was to be, or else the Lord believed 
that Peter had common sense enough to know 
what the souls of men needed. It surely was the 
soul that Peter was instructed to feed, for he was 
a poor man and could uot provide food enough 
for the sheep and the lambs. 

I wonder whether all ministers, at this age, 
realize, when they come before their congrega- 
tions, that they are to feed the flock. The flock 
may be hungry when they come together, and if 
they are cot fed, they will go home, expressing 
their feelings. The only way we can become 
"sheep for the slaughter," is to be properly fed. 
Sometimes the food only reaches the sensibilities; 
then, again, it may reach the intellect without 
reaching the heart. To feed the soul properly 
and effectually, all its needs must be known to the 



Dear Children:— 

This beautiful Lord's Day finds me en- 
wrapped in thought and sympathy for you, as I 
am to-day deprived of going to the Lord's house 
for general worship. I hope you have all had a 
merry Christmas and a happy New Tear. While 
most of us had, we ought to remember others that 
were not so fortunate, and we should give them 
something to make them happy. 

We come, at the close of 1891, bringing in the 
sheaves we have gathered from what we have 
sown for this year's harvest. I hope you, with 
myself, will feel very grateful for what we have 
reaped during the year's work. We have fallen a 
little short of the last two years' work, neverthe- 
do not feel discouraged. Of course, we 
expect our harvest to be similar to that of the 
tiller of the soil, — some years greater quantities 
may be produced than in others. 

The Lord prospers our work in all things, as 
he sees fit, and we should give him all the praise. 
He is ever mindful of his obedient and faithful 
servauts, and will surely bless them in whatsoev- 
er they do iu his name. We need his divine help 
in all things we do in this life. We, in our early 
morning prayers, make our requests known to 
G(jd, and so should we freely make our 
I known to him early in life. Yes, in our youth is 
■ the best time to accept and serve the Lord. By 
i so doing there is no time lost in sin, and nothing 
! to regret in after life. We have not spent our 
strength for naught, but our works in God are 
blessed, indeed; for a rich reward is promised 
We must crave help from God to keep us in the 

straight and narrow path of duty toward him and 
our fellow-men. Only what good we have done 
in this life will we want to take away with us to 
our eternal home. 

To bring forth good fruit should be the grand 
aim of a true believer in Christ Jesus. We may 
uot have a hut or cottage here, but why should 
we care? If rich in faith to do God's will, JeBus 
will prepare a mansion for us over there. 

We are not to be half-hearted or shallow in our 
religion. Our religion will r if genuine, bring 
emotions, resulting in quick action, fervor, pure 
love and zeal, with true knowledge. 

"The right kind of religions experience is a 
great help in work and in trial." We work freer, 
and meet our difficulties with less disturbance. 
This proves that we are in sweet fellowship with 
j God. The enemy so loveB to cripple us, that he 
will get the upper hand of us, if we are not per- 
fectly willing to work on and on, for Jesus' sake. 

John Wesley has wisely said, "I gain all I can 
without hurting my soul or the body; I save all I 
can, not willingly wasting anything, yet, by giv- 
ing all I can, I am effectually saved from laying 
up treasures upon earth, yea, and from desiring 

I presume Mr. Wesley coveted earnestly the 
beBt gifts, and that is the reason why he could so 
express himself. 

The trouble with too many of us is, that we 
seek the other things first. God wants us to first 
get the riches of the soul, and then he promises 
that all things are to be added. The more heav- 
enly and divine riches we have, the more good we 
derive from our earthly possessions. A better 
i distribution is made of it, as good stewards. 

"What is life without aspirations?" The 
I strong desires nerve the soul, stimulate the in- 
tellect, animate the mind, open up the heart, and 
inspire the soul to a higher standard for Christ 
and him crucified. 

I have been informed that some of the chil 
dren's donations were sent to Bro. Galen B. Roy 
er, or our list might have reached one hundred 
dollars again. Perhaps it was used for the poor 
in Denmark, the same as the portion I had sent, 
of what I had received during the year. We 
should remember to be faithful in the little 
things, if we crave to be made greater in some 
things. The pennies make the dimes, the dimef 
the dollars. The infant makes the child; the 
child, the youth; the youth makes the man. Thf 
Christian man proves the true nobility and powei 
of man for good while here among men. So we 1 
should work with soul, mind, body and strength 
to do his divine will. Oh, may we let him mould 
us in his own strength, and grant us wisdom from 
above, to do the work as he directs I May we b 
able to reach a larger sum during 1892 than the 
of 1891! We can and will, if it be the Lord'i 
will, if we can get aid from our solicitors and thi 
children all along the line. 
Virden, III, Box 421. 



Practical Questions on Lesson IX. 

1. What kingdom is represented by the fourtl 
beaBt of Daniel? 

2. Who was the father of Herod? 

3. When did Herod become king of Judea? 

4. What great building did Herod erect? 

5. How long was he in building the temple? 

6. What noted city did Herod build? 

7. What can you say of Herod's domestic ret 

8. What did Augustus Cseaar say about Herd 

9. - When did Herod die? 


Lesson X. 

With many, an erroneous idea prevails, con- 
cerning the number of children slain by ileiod at 
Bethlehem, supposing there were likely hundreds 
of them; but a calculation, concerning the place 
autl surrounding?, would bring one to the conclu- 
sion that there could not have been many. Some 
writers say not more than ten or twelve. We do 
not know how many, but I have no doubt, that the 
number was much smaller than is generally sap- 

Herod died in the year B. C 4, although he 
died after the birth of Christ, This brings out the 
fact that, by some means, there was an error 
made in computing time from the birth of Christ. 
He was really born four years ealier than what is 
generally considered the commencement of the 
Christian era; so, in reality, we bin odd now be in 
the year 189b* instead of 1892. 

In studying the New Testament, it is very ben- 
eficial for ub to have a proper understanding of 
the house of Herod, as several are mentioned. 
Herod had ten wives, but as it is sons, whose his- 
tory we are following, we will not name the wives. 


1. Antipater, who was islam five days before his 
father's death. 

2. Aristobulus. 

These two were executed by Herod while he 
was alive. 

4. Herod Philip I., who married Herodias, his 
niece, the daughter of Aristobulus. This Herodi 
as is the one who caused the death of John the 

5. Herod Antipas, who, while having a living 
wife, married Herodias, the wife of his brother 
Philip while her husband still lived. John re- 
proved Herod Antipas for his unlawful rnarringe. 
The history of the transaction is found in Matt. 
16 and Mark 6. This is the Herod who was al 
Jerusalem at the time of Christ's death, and as he 
was ruler over Galilee, Pilate sent Jesus to him. 

6. Archelaus. This is the one that was ruler ii 
Judea when Joseph and Mary, with Jesus, re 
turned from Egypt. They turned aside iuto Gal 
ilee which was ruled over by Herod Antipas, who, 
Joseph thought, was not of so cruel a disposition 
as Archelaus. 

7. Herod Philip II., who was tetrarch of the 
northern part of the country, east of the Jord; 
He built Cresarea Philippi at the upper waters of 
the Jordan. This is the northern limit of Christ'* 
journeys. It was near here that the traustigura 
tion took place. Herod Philip II married Salome, 
the daughter of Herodias and Herod Philip 1. 
She is the one who danced before Herod Antipas 
and asked for the head of John. 

The above are the seven sons of Herod. Aria 
tobulus, the second one mentioned, had a son 
named Herod Agrippa. This is the Herod 
read of in Acts 12: 1, who killed James aud 
prisoned Peter. He is also the person mentioned 
in Acts 12: 20, who was eaten by worms. 

Herod Agrippa I. had a son who was called 
Herod Agrippa II. This is the Agrippa befoie 
whom Paul appeared and caused him to say, 
"Almost thou persuadest me to be a ChnsUan." 
Agrippa had two sisters, Dmsilla, the wife of 
Felix, named in Acts 24: 24, and Bernice, n 
tionedin Acts 25: 23. 

McPherson, Kans. 

" The greatest loss of time is delay and expec- 
tation which depends upon the future. We let go 
the present which we have in our power, and look 
forward to that which depends upon chance, and 
so relinquish a certainty for au uncertainty." 



I wish to offer a few remarks in connection 
with Bro. Andrew Hutchison's article aB to Jesus 
commuuiDg with Judas Iscariot 

If Jesus communed with Judas, the traitor, aft- 
er instituting the Communion, ho must have gone 
back to the supper again, iu order to give the sop 
to Judas after he had dipped it. It is not very 
reasonable to me that he did so. 

Another point Bro Hutchison made waB, why 
say, "Drink ye all of it, if one had gone out." 
That makes no difference. If all but six had 
gone out, Jesus could still have said, "Drink ye 
all of it," meaning all that were there. Judas 
was never called a disciple after Jesus gave him 
the sop. 

Another point. Jesus says, "But I say unto 
you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of 
the vine, until that day when I drink it new 
with you in my Father's kingdom." Matt. 2<>: 29. 
It is not reasonable to me that Jesus Bbould 
promise Judas to drink with him in his Father's 



In looking over the past year, I remember one 
ci re nm stance, perhaps, more distinctly than any 
other. Anyhow, the impression made occurs 
quite frequently to my mind, and it has been the 
source of much profitable meditation. 

It occurred at the last feaBt held iu our beauti- 
ful valley. We had heen fed oh spiritual manna 
by those who are "eloquent in the ScriptnreB." 
After the services wo had baptism in the stream 
close by the sanctuary. The congregation wend- 
ed its way thither. In company with a dear 
hrother, wo arrived a little late The introducto- 
ry exercises were held on the opposite side of the 
stream. I remarked, " We can stay on this side 
and have a good view of the ceremony." ,( No," 
Baid he, gently and firmly, " We want to go right 
over to where the services are held, as long as 

m. I always like to get aB close to 
is possible." Wo went. 
in fi'rvo, i. p., much in few word 
And how appropriate to any occaaio 
rch work! No one ever succeeds i 
if afraid of hia work. The successful 
i closely united to their profession. I 

there is roi 


thought I. 
or any chi 
any calling 
workers ar 

1. When baptism is performed, let all who can 
find room, join tbe bapusmnl party, and join iu 
the tinging, and bo* and pray with them. After 
the ceremony is over, receive tbe baptized with 
tbe hand of fellowship and kiss of love. Wait 
until in*' meeting is disnrssed, and do not hurry 
off without ceremony. 

2 W hen services are held by the church, 
whether the regular meetings or the Commuuion 
service, or the meetiugs for council, let every 
member he close fo the wwk and give what 
asoi&Uuce ho can. In all of our meetings 
let the members be united closely together, 
as well «s close to the work, and their souls 
will be blessed as well as their labors. And 
when means are needed to assist the poor or meet 
the expenses of the church iu its missionary and 
other departments, let all ba so closely allied to 
the work that they will freely give to the Lord as 
he has prospered them. 

We need not look very far until we see that, 
when our spiritual life was at its lowest ebb, we 
were too distant from the work. The enemy of 

souls will overcome all stragglers. But when we 
dwell under his throne, and are led by hio Spirit, 
one shall chase a hundred, and ten shall put a 
thousand to night. 

If the elder "rules well" and fulfills the out- 
line as drawn by the inspired penman, he will be a 
close worker. If the deacon would purchase the 
degree of bolduess and usefulness, delineated in 
God's Word, he is likewise diligent in his calling. 
Aud as they are ensamples to the flock, it follows 
that they are workers together with God. 

God has given "every man his work." He has 
given him his field, ami then he has given every 
one the talents necessary to be a successful work- 
er in his vineyard. He rewards with "a huudred- 
fold in this life, and in the world to come ever- 
lasting life." He invites "whosoever will." He 
says, "My yoke is easy and my burden is light," 
and he declares, "My reward is sure." Who 
would not give him a diligent service? 

New Lebanon, Ohio. 

"Not man's thoughts about God, but God's 
thoughts about man, are the charm and the com- 
fort of all true religion. Mau cannot by search- 
ing find out God, but God can without searching 
find out man and reveal himself to him. All of 
man's thoughts about God, in nil the ages, amount 
to nothing in comparison with a single sentence 
of revelation, such as 'Herein is love, not that we 
loved God, but that ho loved ue, and sent his Son 
to be the propitiation for our Bins.' Maurice 
calls attention to the fact that the brightest and 
busiest thinkers on earth without a revelation 
make no progress iu religious knowledge or at- 
tainment. He says: 'The Hindoo, iu action the 
idlest, is iu imagining, drt;amiug, combining, the 
most busy of all human creatures,* But the Hin- 
doo's thinking brings only added evidence of the 
restless longing of the sonl fur religious knowl- 
edge, and of the hopelessness of the soul's unaid- 
ed search for religious kuowlcdge. ' I ask noth- 
ing more,' adds Maurice, 'than the Hindoo system 
and the Hindoo life as evidence that there is that 
in man which demands a revelation — that there is 
not that iu him which makes the revelation.' Nor 
is the Hindoo thinker a better illustration than 
the English and American thinker of this same 
great truth.' 

The Gospel {Messenger* 

Is the recognized <ugan ol the Herman Baptist or llielhree'a chniili, 
and advocates the form of doctrine taught In the New Testament and 
pleads for a return to apostolic and primitive Christianity. 

It recognizes the New TcBtamonl as the only Infallible rule ol faith and 

v.- .Iks l'. !; . „.-,., II I II,,. 'I, ■■ ■ . I. ■ I ..... -. ,-m 

(or remission of sins unto the reception of the Holy Ghost by tl.c laying 



It also maintains that Feel-witiliinf:, as taii|:lit In J'llm n, butli by ex- 
ample and command ol Jesus, should be observed In the church. 
That the Lord's Supper, instituted by Christ and a.1 universally ob- 

;-...T',--i l.y Mi': ,ijj'..-tii :- .ni'l th'- -■.illy Clui-li-m-, '■ a lull, anil, in 
connection with I he Cum muni mm, should lie taken in the evening or after 

That the Salutation o( the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Charity, Is binding 
upon the followers of Christ. 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit and self-denying 
principles of the religion of Jesus Christ. 

That the principle ol Plain Dressing aud of Non-eonforrrlty to the 
world, as taught in the New Testament, should be observed by the fob 
lowers of Christ. 

That the Scriptural duty of Anointing the Sick with Oil, in the Name 
of the Lord, James $: 14, is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord for the spread of the Gospel and for the 
ol sinners. 
:, It is a vindicator of all that Christ and the apostles have en- 
m us. and alms, amid the conflicting theories and discords of 
hmtendum, to point out ground that all must concede to be in- 

E5yThe above principles of our Fraternity are net forth 
on our " Brethren's Envelopes." Use them 1 Price, 15 cents 
per package; 40 cents per hundred. 


The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $X.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, Editor. 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, 1 .... Associate Editors. 

J. G. Roykr, ( 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 

. H.I 

, Dm 

EBrCommunicallmis (or publication slmul.l lit ).j:IWy v. r 5 1 1 ■_ 1 1 with 
black Ink on ana side ol the paper only. Do not attempt to interline, or 
to put on one page what ought lo occupy two. 

BfAnonymous communications will not be published. 

|^-Do not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
cnmiiiunkatiims mi ■<• p;u.itu bluets from .ill business. 

^"Time 1b precious. Wo always have time to attend to business and 
lo answer questions ol importance, but please do not subject us to need 
Jess answering ol letters. 

lyThc Mcssr.NCJtit Is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad- 
dress is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it is addressed. K you do not get your paper, write us, giving par- 

0f-\Vhencli.uii;irin your address, pie as i* tfive your former as well as 
your tnl in-.- addrMJ lo till], BO as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

^-Always remit to the office irom which you order your goods, no 
matter from where yon receive them, 

E?~Do not send pi-rsonal checks or dralts on Interior banks, unless you 
send with them r-, cents each, to pay for collection. 

^-Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Cbti ago, or Registered Letters, made pay- 
able and addressed to " Brethren's l'lililisliinc Co., Mount Morris, III.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 

^-Entered at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-class 

Mount Morris, III., 


:e iu receipt of a 
Ohio, but the 

1 note of 81.50 from 
■ fails to give hie 

It is said that since last June 140,000 Russian 
Jews have passed through German ports on their 
1 "way to North and Sooth America. 

Bro. 0. S. Holsinger is expected to commence 
a series of meetings at Palestine, Johnson Co., 
Iowa, the last Saturday in this month. 

We would certainly be pleased to publish re- 
ports from all of our Sunday-schoolB, but the 
want of space will not permit us to do so. 

Bro. Silas Hoover writeB that he is at work in 
a series of meetings in the Upper Middletown 
Valley church, Md., with increasing congregations. 

Bro. J. 0. L ah man and wife are making ar- 
rangements to go to Florida this week, and re- 
main till spring, spending most of their time at 
Keuka and Hawthorn. 

Bro. Geo. A. Shamberger, of Louisiana, and 
J. W. Bond, Methodist, of Missouri, will engage 
in a public discussion at the Prairie View church, 
Morgan Co., Mo., commencing Feb. 22, and con- 
tinuing six days. 

Bro. J. S. Mohler is holding a series of meet- 
ings at Lincoln, Nebr., expecting to remain about 
two weeks. He reports that on account of much 
nesB, caused by La Grippe, his meetings 
not so largely attended. 

Eld. Jacob Beeghly, of Markleysburg, Pa., 
passed from earth to his home beyond, Jan. 18, 
after an illness of only a short time. Next week 
we shall publish a suitable sketch of his life and 
e account of his labors in the church. 

A "Farmers' Reliance" is a new movement 
with the following platform, of which the last 
plank is to be commended: " Work ten hours a day, 
never go to town without something to sell, and 
never buy anything without paying for it." 

Bro. S. R. Zdg had intended to commence a 
series of meetings at the Back Creek church, Pa., 
Jan. 13, but, on account of sickness, could not. at- 
tend, very much to the regret of the members at 
that place. So writes sister Mary E. Miller. 

Bro. J. I. Miller writes us that the little 
church at Keuka, Fla., is moving along quite 
pleasantly, and they are enjoying Borne excellent 
meetings. He adds that there are more people at 
Keuka this winter than he ever saw there before. 

A young Methodist minister, just entering the 
ministry, applied for the poorest circuit in the 
conference. He got it. There is some chance for 
the man who is willing to commence at the bottom, 
for he may paes up, but the one who commences 
at the top, is sure to retrograde. 

The different churches have at work, in non- 
Ohristian lands, nearly 8,000 missionaries. While 
this army of sacrificing workers may uot establish 
in these lands the pure Christianity, bo earnestly 
and clearly set forth in the New Testament, they 
are certainly doing a grand work in the way of 
civilizing the people and giving them a higher and 
broader estimate of humanity, and in a consider- 
able measure elevating them spiritually. 

There seems to be a pressing call for preaching 
at Batavia, Iowa, so writes Bro. David Holder of 
that place. We hope some one can see his way 
clear to respond to the call. 

How does this look? "While millions of the 
subjects of the Czar are starving, he has recently 
purchased in France 500,000 repeating rifles." 
And yet Christian people will justify war. 

Eld. John Forney, though over seventy years 
old, is attending the Bible Term at McPherson, 
Kane. Some brethren never get too old to learn, 
and it would be well if everybody were so in- 

We are again asked to explain what is meant by 
"J. F. and B," bo often used in the Brethren's 
Sunday-school Quarterly. It means Jamieson, 
Fausset and Brown's Critical Commentary on the 
Old and New Testaments, in six volumes. Price, 
prepaid by express, £15.00. The work may be or- 
dered from this office. It is one of the best Com- 
mentaries in the market. 

In a communication, intended for publication, 
the writer Bays: "Bro. — preached the Word so 
plainly to both saint and sinner that a wayfaring 
man, though a fool, could not help but err there- 
in." While there are plenty of men doing just 
that kind of preaching it is hardly to be presumed 
that the writer meant to say that concerning the 
minister referred to. But this is one of the pecu- 
liar " slips of the pen " that we occasionally meet 
with in our line of work. Those two words, " help, 
but" make bad work of what the writer intended 
to say. It pays to watch little words; they some- 
times make mischief. 

Bro. John W. Brooks gives notice that the 
District Meeting of the Middle District of Mis- 
souri will be held in the Warreneburgh church, 
Feb. 25, 1892, at 10 A. M. Ministerial Meeting 
the 24th. The notice coming too late for in- 
sertion at the proper place, we make room for it 

For the benefit of those who stand in need of 
the information, we will state that all money and 
communications intended for the General Church 
Erection and Missionary Committee, should be 
sent to Galen B. Royer, Mt. Morris, 111. He is 
Secretary of the Committee, and receives and re- 
ceipts for all funds sent him for that work. 

There is an unusual amount of sickness in and 
around Mt, Morris just now, caused by La Grippe 

iting us in real earnest. While we have no 
special reason to feel alarmed, it is nevertheless 

fortunate, as well as unpleasant, to have so 
much sickness ju6t at a time when we would all 
like to be well. Still the good Lord knows what 
is for our good, and we cheerfully submit to such 
chastisements as may be laid upon us. 

Bro. I. D. Parker preached for us £ 
on " Church Government." They were not only 
well prepared, but were well delivered and highly 
appreciated. Bro. Parker ought to continue mak- 
ing this subject a special Btudy and dnliver his 
discourses in many parts of the Brotherhood, for 
he is on the right line. It would also be well, for 
churches to have him come and preach on the sub- 
ject. His views are not only in perfect keeping 
with the mind of the General Brotherhood, but 
they are reasonable and logical. We have taken 
down all his sermons and hope to give someof 
them in the Messenger. 

It is now thought that the Jews will not be the 
only objects of persecution in Russia, for "orders 
have been issued for the closing of Catholic 
churches in certain cities, and it is said that the 
same orders will be extended to other cities." Thia 
would indicate that the real cause of the persecu- 
tions of Jews, Stundists, and others, is a fanatical 
determination of the Czar and his advisers to 
stamp out all forms of religion except the "Ortho- 
dox " which is that of the Greek Church. This 
church is as arrogant and intolerant as the Cath- 
olic, its ancient rival, and seems bound to play a 
leading part in European historic scenes — wheth- 
er comedy or tragedy, who can tell ? 

Bro. R. H. Miller preached four excellent ser- 
mons in the Chapel. They were listened to with 
unusual interest and greatly appreciated. The 
work, however, proved too hard for him, or, per- 
haps, he worked too hard at it for his good and is 
now confined to his room, not, we think, danger- 
ously sick, but he is not likely to recover in time 
to complete the series of discourses he had intend- 
ed to deliver here. His BicknesB is not only unfort- 
unate, but it is to be greatly regretted, especially 
bo since he is away from home. He is, however, 
well cared for, and it is the earnest prayer of us 
all that God will raise him up and give him many 
years of usefuluess among us. As we go to press 
we learn that he is improving and will likely be 
out^in a day or two. 

We do most heartily endorse the following, 
which we clipped from the Christian Evangelist: 
" The skeptical Gibbon once made the declaration 
that if the Apostle Paul should be permitted to 
return again to the earth and visit some great city 
of Christendom like the City of London, he would 
become bewildered in his search for a church of 
the type and character which he left on the earth 
when he suffered martyrdom. It is doubtful 
whether, if left to his own conclusions, he would 
not hesitate to decide whether the sanctuary he 
had entered was a pagan temple, a Christian 
Church, or the lecture hall of a secular philoso- 
pher. He would certainly recognize the fact that 
eighteen centuries had wrought its changes upon 
the Christian religion. In the church of Paul's 
time all in the house of God were one brother- 
hood, upon the Bame level. Often the Bervant in 
the household was the presbyter of the church in 
which his master worshiped. There were no 
choice seats, bought with money or awarded by 
deference to wealth, for the rich. There was an 
equally cordial welcome for the servant and the 
master, the rich and the poor, the Jew and the 
Greek, the Roman and the barbarian. All were 
' one in Christ Jesus,' upon the same level, with 
equal respect and privileges in the houBe of God." 

Jan. 26, 1892. 


Bbo. C. S. Holsingeb, who has been with ns 
about two weeks, returned to his home at Pigeon 
Creek, Illinois, last week. He is now preparing 
to move to Kansas and make that State his field 
of labor for the future. While we greatly regret 
to lose him, for he is certainly needed in the field 
here, we are nevertheless glad that he is settling 
at a place where his services will be in demand. 


What Is the proper way to fast, one or two meals a day, or 
for twenty-lour hours? Please tell us lotmlhing about It 
through the Messenger. Gto. Renner. 

It would seem that the Savior instituted no 
particular fast, but left it optional with each indi- 
vidual, sayiDg, "Can the children of the bride- 
ohamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with 
them? but the days will come when the bride- 
groom shall be taken from them, and then shall 
they fast." Matt. 9: 15. To the discipleB those 
days finally came, and " as they ministered to the 
Lord and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate 
me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I 
have called them. And when they had fa6ted and 
prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent 
them away." Acts 13: 2, 3. We find them fasting 
on another occasion. " And when they had 
dained..them elders in every church, and had 
prayed with fasting, they commended them to the 
Lord, on whom they believed," Acts 14: 23. 

Fasting is "to abstain from food; to omit to 
take nourishment in whole or in part; to go hun- 
gry-"— Webster. As a religious exercise, or duty, 
it means to abstain from food voluntarily on ac- 
count of some great sorrow or affliction, and may 
serve to subdue the will, or carnal passions, and 
prepare the mind for important religious or men- 
tal duties. Properly observed, it tends to subdue, 
in the mind and body, that which is liable to lead 
astray, and lead us near to God. What meals to 
omit in fasting should probably be left to the dis- 
cretion of the individual. Whatever tends to sub- 
due the will, and prepares us for a closer walk 
with God will meet the design of fasting. Some 
abstain from food an entire day, others one or two 
meals,— some even longer. Others deny them- 
selves the use of certain articles of diet for a time. 
Either method is fasting, and, if done with the 
right motive, may result in good. 

An occasional fast among our American people 
would be good for health, to say nothing of relig- 
ion. As a people, we certainly do eat too much. 

Some years ago we saw an account of its inven- 
tion, but the date of ils origin was so recent that 
we did not think it worth remembering. It has 
not been in use, probably, over sixty yearB. You 
May rest assured that it is not apostolic. In that 
age the people were pointed to Christ, in whom 
they were taught to believe, and then repent of 
their sins and be baptized in the name of the 
Lord Jesus for the remission of their sins. That 
kind of preaching requires no mourner's bench. 

Was Eve the only one who sinned, or did Adam sin too? 
God commanded the man only not to eat, but they both did 

Adam being the head of the family, it was suffi- 
cient for the purpose that the command be given 
to him. He certainly told Eve what ILe l.rrd 
commanded, for she told Satan, "But of the fruit 
of the tree which is in the midst of the gar- 
den, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, nei-her 
shall ye touch it, lest ye die." Gen. 3: ,3. From 

this we may safely infer that she knew as much 
about the command as Adam. She was, therefore, 
without excuse. Hence both of them sinned 

Will you please evplain Matt. 33:15, which reads: "Wee 
unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypociltetl for ye compass sea 
and land to make one proselyte; and when he is made, ye 
make him twofold more the child of hell than yourselves." 
How could they make him Uofold more the child ol hell 
than themselves? Mkda Caskrv 

A proselyte is a gentile convert, converted from 
heathenism to the Jewish religion. The reason 
for being twofold more the child of hell than the 
scribes and Pharisees is this,— the Pharisees were 
not only hypocrites, but they held, practiced and 
taught that which was wrong. The heathen pros- 
elyte not only accepted these errors but brought 
with him into his new relation additional errors, 
and in this manner he was just that much worse 
off than the Pharisees— hence twofold worse. 
Cjming from one wrong system with his errors, 
and uniting with auother, having other errors, gave 
him double the amount. He would have beeu 
just as well off, so far as the future is concerned, 
if he had remained in heathen idolatry. 

This is a strong point in favor of ministers be- 
ing. sound in the GoBpel faith, and preaching only 
that which is in keeping with the Gospel. If they 
hold to errors, and these errors are accepted by 
their converts, who come into the church with ad- 
ditional errors of their own, the last stage of the 
convert is not only worse than the first, but he 
proves a positive injury to the church in particu- 
lar, as well as the cause of religion in general, 
while the church, in turn, can be of no real bene- 
fit to him. 

Where is the Garden of Eden on earth? Did any person 
ever live there since Adam and Eve were driven out? 

A. Nelson Graybill. 

The location of the Garden of Eden is absolute- 
ly unknown, and yet there is scarcely any end to 
the numerous conjectures concerning it. One au- 
thor even claims that the home of our first par- 
ents was at the North Pole. A majority of those 
who have made the subject a study seem to agree 
on the southern part of Armenia as being the 
probable location of Eden, in a land where the 
Biver Euphrates takes its rise. At some suitable 
place in Eden the garden was located, probably 
not a very large one, but it was well watered and 
must have been in a genial clime. A few writers 
hold that the garden in now covered by the Mount 
of Olives on the east of Jerusalem, and when the 
mountain shall cleave, part passing towards the 
East and the other to the West, the garden will 
be exposed to view in the valley thus formed. 
Zach. 14: 4. But this is mere conjecture. After 
our first parents were driven from the garden, it 
was closed, and probably was never afterwards en- 
tered by a human being. This was 1,500 years be- 
fore the flood. So long a period of neglect would 
likely obliterate all traces of the garden. Then 
came the flood, and possibly some geological 
changes, sufficient to alter the face of that part of 
the country enough so as to render it impossible 
to determine the location of Eden in any manner. 
So, after all, we do not know where it is, nor does 
its location cut any figure respecting our welfare, 
spiritually or temporally. If it could be found, 
the world would make an idol of it, and spend 
e money visiting the place than is used for 
spreading the Gospel. It is well that we are 
pointed to the paradise above, where all the faith- 
ful may enter to enjoy the tree of life forever. 
J. H. M. 




Number Sixteen.-The London Tower. 
Onit last letter was mainly devoted to a brief 
description of two of the most noted churches, in 
many respects, to be found in Europe. Our pur- 
pose was to include iu that letter, a description of 
the historic Tower of London, but we found so 
much to say about St. Paul's and Westmiuster 
Abbey, that our space was fully ocoupied, and the 
former place was crowded out. This letter will 
be devoted to a description of the Tower, and to 
some reflections suggested by the associations 
connected with the place. We do not propose to 
enter into a detailed description of the place. 
Several letters might be written without exhaust- 
ing the subject. 

Leaving St. Paul and Westminster Abbey,— 
both of these churches dedicated to the worship 
of God, aud both transformed into great temples 
of fame and galleries of sculpture, ill befitting the 
sacred object for which fhey were constructed,— 
we wander through the busy streets of the great, 
bustling City, and finally reach the Tower, which 
is, historically, one of the niOBt interesting spots 
in England. We had read so often of it, and our 
sympathies had bo many times beeu drawn out 
toward those who had suffered and died within its 
dark walls, that, at laBt, when we entered its port- 
al, it was hard to realize that we were really in 
the old prison Tower of London. It seemed 
more like a dream than a reality, but the real 
soon asserted itself. The deep moat, the dark, 
heavy walls, the great tower, with walls fifteen 
feet thick, the dark, gloomy prison cells were all 
there; and we were made conscious of the fact that 
we were standing iu the place where so many ter- 
rible incidents occurred, whioh darken the pages 
of English history, and give us an insight into the 
cruel spirit of the age which has passed away, — 
may we not fondly hope? — never more to return. 

Perhaps no place in Europe, certainly none in 
England, has witnessed so many sad scenes, and 
been marked with so many evidences of " man's 
inhumanity to man," and woman's, too, for that 
matter, than this same old moated Tower, whoso 
grim and gloomy walls overhang the River 
Thames in the City of London. Could these 
stones, upon which we tread as we enter the Tow- 
er, speak, what a history of human sorrow and 
cruelty they could reveal, but they are as silent 
as are the victims who suffered here in the years 
that have gone by. Silent and gloomy the old 
Tower keeps its. story, and he that would learn 
must read the history of the past. 

And what a history that is! It is not, however, 
within the scope or purpose of these " Wander- 
ings " to enter into historical details to any but a 
very limited extent, and we shall not attempt it in 
this instance, for the history of the Tower of 
London is the history of England for many cent- 
uries. In turn it has served as a palace for the 
sovereigns of England, a strong fortress for the 
City of London, and a dark and gloomy prison 
over the doors of which, at one time, might well 
have been written, " He who enters here leaves 
all hope behind." Kings and queens, bishops 
and noblemen, warriors and statesmen, women 
and children, court favorites for a brief season, 
have passed through the Tower gate as State 
prisoners, and died within its dark walls without 


2 , 1892. 

a ray of hope, Here the headsman's block and 
axe did their terrible work, and many a gallant 
knight and gentle lady, at the caprice of some 
cruel monster, who, by (he accident of birth, 
ruled over the destiny of England, Buffered a 
cruel death. Others were put to torture, too 
cruel even to describe, and, after suffering the 
most intense agony, such only as the most fiend- 
ish ingenuity, begotten of refined cruelty, could 
invent and subject a fellow-being to, the poor, 
crushed, maimed victims were put to death. 

Some of the instruments of torture, with the 
headsman's block, are still preserved in the 
Tower. The thumb screw, the rack, and other 
cruel devices for torturing the body are still to be 
seen, but they are now regarded aa only curious 
relics of a past age, and are shown in the great 
armory, To us they were more than simple rel- 
ics of the past, and they had a deeper interest 
than the plated armor once worn on the battle 
field. They stand as mute witnesses of the vin- 
dictive spirit of the age in which they were so 
often used. They speak of a cruelty, of a hard- 
ness of heart, and of a cool indifference to human 
suffering that is fearful to contemplate, and which 
can only be characterized as brutal, heartless, and 
unfeeling in the extreme. 

As we ponder on these things, we wondei how 
it was possible for men and women to have been 
so heartless and so cruel as to subject their fel- 
lows to such terrible torture. Was there, then, no 
such thing as humau sympathy, pity and tender- 
ness in the human heart? How could a human 
being, with a humau heart, staudby and coolly see 
a brother torn asunder on the cruel rack, and his 
flesh mangled by oilier instruments of torture? 
What spirit was it that entered the heart, and 
froze out the last remains of the milk of hui 
kindness, and what influence and what teaching 
was it that begot a spirit ho entirely foreign to the 
teachings of the Gospel of Christ? 

The answer to these questions is not hard to 
rind, and it carries with it an important lesson. 
It was the outgrowth of the ago of ignorance and 
superstition, fostered by Rome, for it must be 
ineuibered that these terrible cruelties were pr 
ticed by authority of the church. Men, claiming 
to be ministers of the Gospel of Peace, aud fol 
lowers of him who said, " Love your enemies, bless 
them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, 
and pray for them which despitefully use you and 
persecute you; that ye may be called the children 
of your Father which is in heaven," thus heart- 
lessly aud cruelly maltreated those who refused to 
follow their perverted teachings. It was a favor- 
ite method of dealing with se called heretics, be- 
fore taking them to the stake where the flames 
mercifully ended their fearful sufferings. It was 
this same spirit, born of ignorance and supersti- 
tion, aud fed upon the worst form of religious fa- 
naticism that burned Huss aud Jerome at the 
stake and loosed the fierce fires of the persecu- 
tion, by which thy Faithful Waldonsiaus were 
hunted to death like the wild beasts of the forest, 
and thousands of those who held to the princi- 
ples of Apostolic Christianity were tortured and 
put to death. It was the same spirit that led in 
the Huguenot Massacre, in which the brave Calig- 
ny fell the first victim, and which deluged France 
with the blood of her best men and women, and it 
was the same spirit which drove the Puritans, the 
Quakers and our own Brethren from their peace- 
ful homes in England, and from the beautiful 

Valley of the Eder to find new homes and relig- 
ious liberty in the New World. 

Two lessons we would especially impress from 
the foregoing observation, first that the hope of 
the world is Christian enlightenment and practical 
religious education. Before the two forces, ig- 
norance and superstition, with all their attendant 
evils give way. A truer conception of the spirit 
of the GoBpol, with education, and resulting civili- 
zation has worked a change for the better. In 
this respect, at least, the world is better than it 
was two hundred years ago. The second is that 
we ought to be supremely thankful to God that 
we do not live in the age when these cruel instru- 
ments of torture were used. How are we using 
the blessings we enjoy in this favored age? Do 
we appreciate our advantages, or are we growing 
careless, indifferent aud forgetful of what God 
is doing for us? How is it with ub? Let each 
one answer to God aud his own soul. 

We sometimes hear men, living in free Ameri- 
ca, the land of religious liberty and freedom of 
thought, say they are being persecuted. They 
don't understand the meaning of the term. It is 
merely a childish statement, and bIiows a lack of 
knowledge. The realities of persecution, as felt 
by those who suffered in the Tower, and all over 
Europe, ought to put to Bhame anyone who, in this 
age of civilization, makes the preposterous state- 
ment of being persecuted. 


/).,/. Brethren:— We read the Messkkger with interest, 
especially Bro. Miller's letters, but there is one thing about 
the date of the Assyrian clay tablets we do not understand. 
He says the date is given, the month and B. C, so many 
years. Now, if they were written at that time, they knew 
not the lime of Chiist. If B. C. Is on the tablet?, then they 




It was not our intention to have the impression 
go out that the letters B C. appear on the old 
Assyrian tablets, for such is not the case. They 
bear date according to the Assyrian method of 
computing time, andihese dates agree with those 
given in the Messenger. By an inadvertence in 
two of the translations given, the dates B. C. are 
included in quotation marks, which is an error. 
We simply gave our method of computing time, 
so that our readers might get a correct idea of the 
age of the tablets. We are glad our brother 
called our attention to the matter. We saw the 
Messenger, containing the letter, after our return 
to Mt. Morris, aud saw at once that the placing of 
the dateB with the translation would be mislead- 
ing. Ab the tablets were made, many of them, 
700 years before the birth of Christ, B. C. could 
not appear upon them. We hope this explana- 
tion will prove satisfactory The authenticity of 
the tablets has never been questioned. D. L m. 


" Write what thou seest, and send it unto the churches. " 

t»-Chun:h News solicited for this Department. If you have had a 
good n.ceting, send a report of it, so that others may rejoice with you. 
In writing give named church, County and State. Be brief. Notes of 
Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited [or this Department. We have an advertising page, and, if neces- 
sary, will issue supplements. 

Message^Dropped by the Way. 

Tee object of these messages is to make public 
(as^far at least, as messages are borne by this 
harbinger) a universal sentiment of thanks to the 
Lord for the blessings of his grace during the 
p38t ;ear. 

1. That with all the profusion in which the 
common blessings of life were lavished upon us 
the previous year, we were kept, by the spirit of 
faith and gratitude, from running into riot and 
revelry or covetousness. Never before did the 
world witness such a free issue of benevolence 
from the hearts and hands of God's children to- 
ward the needy, perhaps, as in the last year; and 
never hnd we experienced such a response of 
God's bounties lavished upon us as in the mean- 

2. Our late Annual Meeting, for the character 
of its business, the manner of its disposition of 
business in every department, and all the prom- 
inent features of its character, has proven itself 
the crowning one of all those of past years. 

3. How few, indeed, of us but can say that nev- 
er before the past year did the redeeming grace of 
his Holy Word so bless us in our neighborhood, 
and in the church, and in the family, and in our- 
selves, as in the past year? 

4. When did the report of t'ie closing month of 
any year in our time chron ide tfot number of 
souls brought to Christ, as did the one of laBt 

5. Not one important mission post has been 
abandoned, not one school enterprise embarrassed, 
not one important Gospel measure discouraged in 
all the work, while, upon the other hand, when 
was "the year of our Lord," in which so great a 
progress was made in all such work, founded on 
such a true Gospel basis as in the past year? 
Last, but not least, when was any part of the 
whole world graced with such a religious journal 
as our people were during the last year? Truly 
did Bro. Noah Longanecker say, "For one article 
in No. 39, that copy was worth its weight in gold." 
I will obligate myself to point out an article in any 
one'eopy of that volume that is worth its weight 
in gold. Who knows of any work of similar size, 
ancient or modern, in any library whatever, con- 
taining the weight' in testimony of primitive 
Christianity that we have in the Gospel Messen- 
ger No. 16 of last year? Then praise ye the 
Lord, and bless his holy Name. C. C. Hoot. 

Ozawkie, Kans , Jan. 12. 

A Good Suggestion. 

Some time ago I suggested to some of our Sun- 
day-Bchool folks that they should do away with 
the little Christmas presents, take up a special col- 
lection, and give all for the mission work. They 
were pleased with the idea, and made the little 
presents very nieagru and turned the remainder of 
the cash over to the missions. Then they took up 
one extra collection, and now we have ten dollars 
for home misBions, which Mi. Newcomer, Librari- 
an, will send you, and twelvedollars aud fifty cents 
for foreign mission work. Enclosed please find the 
latter amount. This was the result of the effort of 
our little Sunday-school at Weltz'e, and everybody 
seems highly pleased with the idea. I hope it may 
be adopted by others on future Christmas days. 
W. B. Stover. 

Edgmoni, 2dd. 

Eshoss From the Highway. 

Christmas was a blessed holiday for the Lorde- 
burg church. About one hundred forty members 
enjoyed the exercises of the day and evening 
Indeed it wa3 a love-feast with the people of 
God. The large dining-rooms of the college build- 
ing gave ample room, and the order was commend- 
able. There was uo crowding, — no disorder of any 
kind. Bro. Hutchison officiated. 

Next day, at nine o'clock A. M., our District- 
Ministerial Meeting convened in the chapel. J 
S. Flory and B. F. asterson were elected as offi 
cerSjOf the meeting. There was. a good attend- 

— - 


Jan. 26, 1892: 



auce, and all present seemed to be much interest- 
ed in the meeting. We had three sessions, the 
last one closing after nine o'clock P. M. 


"The Ministry Fifty Years Ago and Now." 
First speaker was John Metzger. 

" Orthodox Loyalty " was assigned to P. S. My- 
ers, but he being nnable to attend, A. Hutchison 
led off on this subject. 

" Practice What Ton Preach." Discussion on 
this was opened by D. A. Norcross. 

"The Preacher in the Pulpit." J. S. Flory. 

" Systematic Preaching." B. F. Masterson. 

" Ministerial Qualifications." S. G. Lehmer. 

" Sunday-schools, Social Meetings and the Min- 
istry: Their Relation to Each Other." J. F. Neher. 

Several volunteer questions were introduced. 
All the ministers present, as well as other mem- 
bers, took active part in the discussions. The im- 
pression seemed to be that the meeting was one 
out of which much good will result. Sunday fol- 
lowing, at 10 P. M., Bro. Hutchison preached in 
the chapel. Saturday, Jan. 2, we attended the 
quarterly council at Covina. A number of letters 
were read, several queries diEcuseed and sent to 
District Meeting. Brethren Peter Overholser and 
D. A. Norcross were elected delegates to District 

At a called council of the Lordsburg church, 
held a few days prior to Christmas, something like 
a score of members were received by letter, Eld. 
Isaac Gibble, of Illinois, being one of the number. 

The regular quarterly council convened at 
Lordsburg, Jan. 4. Several more members v 
received by letter. Brethren Dr. Garst and Peter 
Hartman were chosen as delegates to District 

The school is starticg out in the second session 
with quite a number of new Btudents. The long 
looked-for rains have come at last and everybody 
seems to be in a mood for rejoicing. 

• __^^__ J- 8. Flory. 
McFherson Notes. 

On January 2 we had our quarterly council, 
The attendance was large and all the business was 
disposed of in a short time, in love and harmony. 
It was then decided to hold an election for a min- 
ister on the following Saturday, when elders and 
ministers from other congregations should be pres. 
ent to attend the Bible course. To-day the elec- 
tion was held and the result was that two young 
brethren received nearly the entire vote of the 
church and nearly the same number of votes. The 
church deoided to call them both to the ministry. 
The lot fell on Francis Vaniman, son of Eld. Dan- 
iel Vaniman, and James Gilbert. Bro. Gilbert 
finished several courses of study at Mt. Morris 
and now continues his studies with us. Brother 
Moses Zigler, who is also attending school from the 
Chapman congregation, was elected by the congre- 
gation in his absence and a unanimous request 
sent t ) this congregation, to install him here, which 
was also done. All are worthy young brethren 
and may do noble service for the Lord. At the 
same time this church advanced Bro. Edward 
Frantz to the second degree in the ministry. 

We feel that not only thiB congregation, but 
others have been strengthened by this action. 
The ministerial force here in the West is entirely 
too small, and a heavy draft is made upon the Mc- 
Pherson church to minister to other congregations 
and to care for five mission stations. 

Elder John Forney delivered the charge to the 
ministers installed, and Eld. Charles Yonrout to 
the church. We are specially impressed with the 
propriety of charging the church to perform her 
duty when she lays unsolicited burdens upon s; me 
of her members. 

The special Bible class was organized this weds 
with « much larger attehdnuce over t e beginning 
last year. The Btudy of the Biblo is do! ightful and 
the time allotted is much too short for the recita- 
tion. One hopeful feature of the class is the in- 
terest manifested by the students, not only by the 
members, but also by those who are not. 

The new year has brought in mauy new stu- 
dents, aud the attendance at the college is quite 
large. We greatly need more means to fiuish the 
mniu building. We think there are mauy mem- 
bers who have plenty of means, if they knew the 
self-sacrifice of the members here aud the work 
that is being done, they would be willing and anx- 
ious to help the work along. 

Last Sunday another precious soul was received 
into the church by baptism. S. Z Siiabp. 

Baltimore Bible School 

The following is the report of the Girls and 
Boys' Bible School, Baltimore, Md., for the fourth 
quarter, ending Dec. 31, 1891: 

Jacob Priser, Silver Lake, Ind ! 

Little folks, Eel Kiver Sunday-Bchool, Ind., 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, per Anna 

A sister, Crimora, Va 

A sister, Funkstown, Md 

Lick Creek, Sunday-school, per C. L. New- 

J. S. Harshbarger, Grantsville, Md 

Enoch H. Eby, Summerville, Kans., 

Bene Roher, Waynesborough, Pa 

Two sisters, Pasadena, Cal, 

Nappanee, Ind , Sunday-school, per J. C. 

Canton church, Ohio, Thanksgiving offer- 
ing, per Henry Royer, 

A sister, Gaplnnd, Md., 

Mary Kuns, McPherson, Kans 

Ministerial Meeting, Middle District, Pa., 
through W. J. Swigart, 

Sisters' Mission, Huntingdon, Pa., through 
Lizzie B. Howe, 

Abraham Steele, Pa., 

Miss Nan Smith, Pa., 

Brethren's Sunday-school, Melrose Centre, 
Iowa, per Hannah Schwark 

Midland church, Va, through Abraham 

A sister, Manassas, Va., 

A brother and family and friends, 

Total receipts, , $85 67 


from last report, $11 52 

Rent, October, November and December, . . 21 00 

Christmas presents, 7 75 

Clothing, 7 50 

Fuel and light, 5 18 

Helping a brother, 00 

Medicine, 1 80 

Total expenditures, $60 75 

Balance in bank $24 92 

James T. Qcinlan, Supt. 
1315 Light St. 

Impressions by the Way. 

By request of the Executive Committee of the 
Book and Tract Work I visited some of the 
churches in Eastern Pennsylvania, starting on my 
trip Nov. 20. 

It is true, we are known by the company wo 
keep, and by the study of our associations we 
learn many useful lessons. If we study with true 
and honest hearts, we may see what ie objection- 

I 50 
2 27 

6 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 67 
1 00 
1 00 
1 00 

15 00 

3 91 

5 43 
1 00 
1 42 

4 00 

1 00 

2 00 

comrades and may 
~ts, aud reject- 

j able aud commendable iu o 
improve by adopting their g 
ing that which is objeotionable. Be it remem- 
bered (lint, a prejudiced mind is not teachable, 
f..r .ml s-, we bring our likes aud dislikes into 
judgment, wo may reject our highest interest. 

As we speed on our way, almost at lightning 
speed during the night, mauy of the passengers 
are oareleBB, indifferent and sleeping, even though 
the next moment, may be their last. It presents a 
srcI picture of the human family! How many are 
rushing on through life, spiritually careless and 
asleep, not heeding the truth that at any moment 
God may call them hence! If we, as a church, 
were to know that ahead there are inevitable cauB- 
ea of iloath and suffering, how earnest, active, and 
willing would we be to make almost any sacrifice, 
to give the warning voice aud save the perishing? 
But what are we doing? What sacrifices aro we 
making to savo the poor, perishing sinner? Fa- 
ther, increase our zeal! 

Our first work was iu the Ohiques church, which 
has a membership of over 500 members. Here 
the true merits of Tract Work, as adopted by the 
church, were not bo well known, but, I am thank- 
ful to Bay, due respect was paid to my weak efforts 
and here, as in my entire trip, when the merits of 
the Work were known, encouragement and finan- 
cial aid were given, and I am convinced that the 
same will be the result all over the Brotherhood, 
if we all do our duty. One of the salutary influ- 
ences here is the fact that the elders are loyal to 
tho church and said, "Our heart is in the work." 
This is as it Bhouldbo for the lambs will be strong 
[recording as they are fed liy tho nhophords. 

I was also impressed by their comfortable, neat 
and clean houses of worship. As a people, we 
take great painB to have our meeting-houses nt- 
tractive % neat and comfortable, which is a Chris- 
tian duty, for by so doing we create a desire in 
the hearts of those in whom we are interested, to 
long for a home with the people of God. In like 
manner will church-going become desirable, in 
proportion to the interest manifested by the 
church, and the moro home-like, the greater the 
attractiou, for what is more repulsive than a neg- 
lected, poorly-lighted house, with a few cold-heart- 
ed people I It is uot the mansion that makes 
home, but the united interest of the inmates. 
Therefore it is not the rich churches that may be 
thus bleBBed, but even our isolated poor may have 
their wants met, for we are all one family. 

While in the depot in Philadelphia, waiting for 
the train, we noticed tho provisions made for 
reading matter on the Prohibition question, and 
as I thought on the effect this may have on the 
rum question, I felt to thank God for the provis- 
ion the church has made to counteract the effeota 
of sin by its publications. With the provisions 
made to furnish reading matter to the inmates of 
hospitals, tho depositing of well-chosen tracts in 
those places may tell in eternity. 

The scope of our responsibility was impressed 
on my mind while in the mint. Here au automat- 
ic balance will condemn a coiD, if it is found the 
l,300dredth part of a grain too light. This weight 
is so small that it can scarcely be seen by the nak- 
ed eye, unless on a white ground. When we are 
n the balance of equity, will we be found 
wanting?— ia an individual question to answer. 

Our next visit, at the home of our aged and af- 
flicted Eld. Kulp, presented a lesson of blessings, 
secured only by faith and confidence in Christ. 
Though sorely afflicted for some time, he is cheer- 
ful and patient, trusting in his Father's love. 
May he, as all other afflicted ones, be remembered 
in our prayers I 

At the Green Tree and Coventry churches our 
mind wos much impressed with the words, "The 
memory of the just is blest," by the repeated ref- 


'Jan. 26, 1892. 

erences to the departed, who gave their lives to 
the cause,— Quinter, U instead and Price. As we 
stood by the decaying stump of the "old green 
tree" which soon will be obliterated, and then by 
the graves of these aged veterans, the superiority 
of a life, devoted to Christ, to that of one only 
given to the present, 'came to us with impressive 

What will be the footprints that we will leave 
in the sands of time? Will those, who live after 
us, cherish in their memory as lessons of useful- 
ness the example of zeal, sacrifice and love, as 
these are remembered? I have been made sad to 
hear some say that too much is said and done in 
the missionary work, but when I learn of the sac- 
rifices, made by our fathers in Israel, I feel safe 
in saying that, in proportion to our advantages, 
we are not doing half as much as they. 

In these churches some of the ancient laud- 
marks of our church, especially that of non-con- 
formity, are not so fully adopted, but the spirit 
manifested and the love enjoyed was such that it 
shall never be forgotten. 

I speak of thiB with much interest, because I 
feel that oue of the greatest wants of our church 
is more true sociability, for can we not, with the 
apostle Paul, say, " Though we make every sacri 
fice and have not love, it profiteth nothing" ? 

Especially is this true in a series of meetings 
Ministers may sacrifice their lives, membres may 
devote their means to support the church aud the 
minister, and if done in cold formality, it never 
accomplishes the designed end,— to convert the 
formalist and sinner, and produce fruits of right- 
eousness in the church. Let us welcome the 
stranger within the gate and a word of love or a 
warm shake of the hand is a power untold. Its 
blessings are realized even in this lif^, and re- 
warded in eternity. Ministers, do not be afraid 
or ashamed to go out into the congregation and 
humble yourselves enough to speak to the poor 
and to the little children. It is an example of him 
who was anointed with the spirit to preach the 
Gospel. The apostle Paul gave us an example 
highly worthy of imitation. He went from house 
to house, breaking the Bread of Eternal Life, and 
to see one, claiming to be a servant of the Most 
High and not willing to study to meet the wants 
of his people, is a clear demonstration of the want 
of the true spirit. But where the Spirit leads, 
and love prevails, hearts are void of fear and 
shame, by which that blest, dear, uniting tie is 
formed, which death itself cannot break. Union, 
liberty and a home in heaven are gained to those 
willing thus to labor. 

This truth was forcibly impressed on the morn- 
ing of Dec. 4, at the respected home of Bro. Jo- 
seph Fitzwater, as we looked over the hills of 
Valley Forge, where Washington aud his faithful 
soldiers Buffered, bled aud died in the winter of 
1777-78. Loyal and true, they could be traced 
through the snow by the blood from their bare 
feet„ Hungry and half-clad they sacrificed home 
and life, that liberty might be the blesBing of a 
nation. My mind was directed to the Hill of 
Calvary, where JesuB suffered, bled and died, that 
the world might enjoy peace and eternal life, and, 
as the morning sun poured forth its beautiful 
rays of light, dispelling darkneBs and beautifying 
the scenes of nature, it was a striking representa- 
tion of the effect of the " Sun of Righteousness " 
upon the darkened heart of man. That luminary 
does not only illuminate, but beautifies and makes 
fruitful all that comes under its blessed influence. 
One morning during the eventful history of the 
encampment at this point, an aged veteran saw 
Washington on his knees, and he was made to 
say, "Oar country is saved." If the prayer of 
one man can produce such confidence, what can- 

not a praying church do with the promise of that prompts ministers to locate at certain points, 

God, that the prayers of his people will be heard? 
Isaac Frantz 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, 

From the Esterly Church, La. 

We are progressing slowly. Our number has 
been swelled by addition and immigration. We 
now have a membership of thirty-three memberB in 
all, so we think the plant is growing, and, with 
proper tillage, will flourish as a tree, planted by 
the rivers of water. Brethren Honberger aud 
Shamberger are doing the cultivating, and with 
Buch workmen we think the vine will continue to 
flourish, grow, aud yield fruit in due season. 

The writer and family came to Esterly last 
April, and are well pleased with the country. We 
are glad that we are in a climate where snow and 
blizzards are strangers. I came here for the pur- 
pose of regaining my health, and have been bene- 
fited to some extent. Besides, I have escaped 
the cold, rigorous wiuters of the North. Togeth- 
er with the pleasant temperature, we also have a 
gulf breeze, which, I think, is just the thing to 
re-invigorate weak lungs, and alleviate other pul- 
monary trouble. L. SUTPHIN. 

Deo. 31. 
From DonnoU Creek Church, Clarke Co., Ohio. 

We commenced a series of meetings on the 
evening of Dec. 24, 1891, and closed last night, 
preaching, in all, thirty sermons. As an immedi- 
ate result, two precious souls came out on the 
Lord's side and were received by baptism, — the 
father and mother of a family of grown children, 
May they ever prove faithful, and be the means 
of bringing their children into the fold. This is 
the church of which Eld. Henry Frantz has 
charge. He is assisted by a full corps of officers, 
and the large membership under his care is fully 
lisciplined in the order of the General Brother- 
hood. The attendance of members at the meet- 
ings was not as large as usual, many of them be- 
ing sick with La Grippe. Eld. Frantz waB only 
permitted to attend a few of the meetings, being 
afflicted with the same disease. The meetings 
closed with a full house aud good interest. 

We expect to go from here to the Salem church, 
Montgomery County, Ohio, to spend a few days 
with the Brethren there, then to return home to 
commence a series of meetings in the Union 
church, Marshall County, Ind. Daniel Snell. 

Sidney, Ind., Jan. 11. 

Working for the Master. 

Dec. 22 I cloeed a two weeks' series of meet- 
ings in the St. Joseph congregation, near South 
Bend, Ind., with four additions by bflptisin and a 
general good feeling among God's people at that 
place. Here is a large field, ripe for the harvest 
aud only one active minister, Eld. H. W. Kreigh- 
baum, to meet the many calls that are constantly 
made. The Portage and St. Joseph Valley, two 
adjoining congregations, have no resident min 
isters, and therefore look to Bro. Kreighbaum fo: 
assistance in their work, which makes entirely too 
much work for one minister. There is terr 
enough in and around South Bend, to require 
the labors of four or five active ministers to work 
it as it should be worked. New points could be 
developed and souls gathered into the fold, where 
we now have no preaching. 

There is some prospect of Bro. Dauiel Holling- 
er locating in the Portage church. If he does, 
much more can be done in that field than is now 
being done. 

where their labors are not needed, but where 
their talents are allowed to lie dormant, and rust, 
instead of being exercised and developed. Bro. 
Lemuel Hillery held a short series of meetings 
for the Bethel church. He took La Grippe and 
had to close. His labors were highly appreciated 
by our people. We fondly hope our dear brother 
may soon recover. Bxo. Davis Younce is quite 
sick with La Grippe, and many of our people are 
suffering from the same complaint. 

W. R. Deeter. 

Treasurer's Report, 

The following is the report of the Treasurer of 
the general funds of the North-western Dis- 
trict of Ohio, commencing March 6, 1891, and 
ending Jan. 1, 1892: 

The remainder of the building fund of the 

Black Swamp church, by L. H. Dickey, $25 00 

Seneca church, 3 00 

Black Swamp church, 2 00 

Blanchard church, 2 25 

Poplar Ridge church, 3 25 

Blanchard church, 2 25 

Silver Creek church, 2 00 

Swan Creek church, , 3 00 

Sugar Ridge church, 2 00 

Portage church, 2 50 

Lafayette church, 1 75 

Eagle Creek church, 3 00 

Sugar Creek church, 4 00 

Richland church, 2 00 

Green Spring church, 3 25 

Logan church, 3 75 

Mercer church, 1 00 

Rome church, 3 25 

Lick Creek church, 3 75 

County Line church, 1 50 

Total, '. S74 50 

Due Treasurer for money advanced at laBt 

settlement, % 6 14 

Printing of District Meeting Minutes, 4 00 

Expenses of Delegate on Standing Commit- 
tee for 1891, 23 00 

Expenses for Annual Meeting Minutes, ... 17 00 
Expenses for postage, money orders, etc., . 1 25 

Total, S23 11 

Leander Schurert, Treas. 
Alvada, Ohio. 

Notes of Travel. 

We closed our meetings in the Middle River 
church, Dec 16, on account of bad roads, yet we 
had a very good interest, and some, we think, 
were very near the kingdom. The members all 
seem to take a deep interest in the cause here. 
This congregation is presided over by Bro. John 
Gable, assisted by Bro. S. Miller. 

We next went to the South Keokuk church, 
Iowa. Here Bro. Gable also has the over- 
sight. I met in council with them the first day. 
After the transaction of some business, we com- 
menced a series of meetings that evening and 
continued uutil Jan. 1, preaching, in all, twenty 
sermons. As an immediate result, two were bap- 
tized and one reclaimed. 

That congregation numbers about forty mem- 
bers, but they have no resident minister, and only 
have preaching once a month. I do not know of 
a place that needs a home minister worse than 
those brethren do. The people there are very 
I kind, and there is no doubt in my mind at all that, 

Financial enhancement is too often the motive ' if a minister were located at that point, there 

i' 1 

Jan. 20, 1892. 

could soon be a large congregation built up. 
Any one wishing to leam more about the locality, 
will please address Bro. Isaac Brown, Ollie, Keo- 
kuk Co., Iowa. There is certainly a very kind- 
hearted congregation of dear brethren and sisters 
there; also a community of warm friends to the 



At present I am at a point fifteen miles north 
of the City of Des Moines, where I commenced 
meetings last night The weather is cold and 
stormy, but we hope for the best. 

ffn. C. Hires. 
Jan. 8. 

From Eiver, Ind. 

On the morning of Jan. 12 wife and I were 
called to Bro. Levi Hoover's, to see their Bick son, 
twenty-three years of age, who has been under 
medical treatment for about ten months, for con- 
sumption. He is very much reduced, aud not im- 
proving at all. We had visited him several times 
before, and conversed with him, in regard to his 
future state. He could not fully decide what to do 
till yesterday. After asking and answering Borne 
important questions, he firmly decided to be bap- 

Arrangements wore made to take him to a creek 
near by, on, what we call, a " mud boat." On this 
the applicant was taken to the creek. After bap- 
tism he was taken back to the house again, where 
already some preparations had been made for 
Communion in the evening. 

Examination services commenced a little befor 
6 o'clock. Nine brethren and nine sisters com- 
muned. It was, indeed, a feast to the soul to the 
dear young brother, as well as the rest of ub 
After the feast, the young brother was anointed 
with oil in the name of the Lord. This was one 
of the most solemn occasions of the many that I 
have witnessed. Soon after this, nearly all pres. 
ent went to their homes, no doubt with much 
solemnity in their hearts, and praising God for 
what they had seen and felt. Wife and I re- 
mained til! morning, when we left for our home. 
At that time the young brother was feeling qnite 
comfortable, for which we praise the Lord. 

We are having solid winter weather at present. 
Several times the thermometer has fallen below 

My health is not good at this time, but I thank 
the Lord that it is as well with me as it is 

Samuel Mdkhay. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Wyman, Ark. — The death messenger visited our 
house last night again, aud took from ua wife's 
dear mother (Ann M. Cosner, widow of Eld. Mar- 
tin Cosner). Truly a Christian mother has gone 
home. She was in every respect a noble Chris- 
tian. The cause of her death was pneumonia, 
from which she suffered only one week. Let ue 
all prepare to meet the aaints! — Samuel Weimer, 
Jan. 14. 

Brownsville, Md. — We contemplate holding a se- 
ries of meetings at the Brownsville meeting-house, 
beginning Feb. 6. Bro. Silas Hoover is expected 
to do the preaching, and if the weather is favora- 
ble, we anticipate a good meeting. We trust that 
the brethren and sisters will make the matter a 
subject of fervent prayer, that the weak may be 
strengthened and that some- of the wandering 
sheep may be gathered into the fold. Some of us 
have dear ones away from Christ, for whom we 
feel a deep concern, and if we work in the Lord's 
way, their conversion will be accomplished. — 0. 
W. Kaeizel. 

Bogle's Bills, Bid.— Bro. Jonas Fike, of Eglon, W. 
\ a , commenced a series of meetings in the Bear 
Creek congregation, Garrett Co, Md., on the 
evening before Christmas. He preached each 
eveuing, aud also on Christmas aud New Year's 
Day at 10:30 A. M, until Jan. 3. Four united 
with the chnrch, and were baptized during the 
meetings. The extent of the good, accomplished 
at the meetings, will only l>e known iu the great 
beyond.— K A. Miller. 

Jones Hills, Pa.— We are in the midst of e glori 
ous series of meetings. Bro. I). H. Walker, of 
Lull, Somerset Co., Pa., came to us on the even- 
ing of Jan. 2, and preached thirteen sermons. 
As an immediate result twelve dear bouIs were 
added to the church by baptism and one was re- 
claimed. There are three more applicants for 
baptism at this writing, and the meetings are Blill 
going on. As Bro. Walker had to go home, Bio. 
Robert Hull, of Bakersville, came to assist ue in 
the good work — D. D Horner, Jan. 12. 

Salem, Ohio. — We commenced a series of meet- 
ings on the evening of Jan. 7. Bro. Henry 
Frantz was to do the preaching for ub, but was 
taken sick with La Grippe, aud, therefore, not 
able to come, so the home ministers conducted 
the meeting until last evening, when Bro. Daniel 
Snell, of Indiaua, came to us. He intends preach- 
ing for us until Sunday evening. We hope by 
that time Bro. Frantz will be well enough to labor 
for us. We are having good meetings. May the 
Lord bless our efforts I — Jesse K. Brumbaugh, 
Jan. 1.1. 

Grater's Ford, Pa.— VVe have just closed a series 
of very interesting meetings in onr chapel. Bro. 
Hope stopped with ub on his return from Den- 
mark He came to us filled with the spirit, aud 
dealt out to ua the Bread of Life iu euch measure 
as to greatly build up and strengthen the saints. 
While there were no additions to the church, still 
we feel his visit to us has been of benefit. Bro. 
Hope is an able man, aud can "give a reason for 
the hope there is in him." May God greatly 
bless his labors for the Lord's cause!— Emma 
Kulp, Jan. 12. 

Aurelia, Iowa.— The Maple Valley church, Iowa, 
has been much strengthened and built up through 
the preaching of Bro. Beeves, from Spencer, and 
Bro. Albright, from Grundy Center. These breth- 
ren came to us Dec. 24, aud conducted meetings 
both day aud evening for one week They are 
both young in years, but, by their earnestness 
and zeal for the Master's cause, they showed us 
an example which we may safely follow. Al- 
though there were no additions to the church, we 
think there were good impressions made, aud wo 
feel that these meetings did us much good, by 
way of binding ub closer into the bouds of Chris- 
tian fellowship aud love. Dear brethren, let us 
press on in God's service, for we surely will be 
doubly rewarded in the end! — Norman S. Eby. 

Boann, Ind. — Bro. Aaron Moss, from llidgeway, 
Howard Co., Ind., came to us and began a series 
of meetings at the Enterprise meeting-house, Jan. 
2, and continued until the evening of the 12th. 
He delivered, in all, twelve discourses, to fair 
congregations, considering the rough roads and 
the inclement weather. Many are confined to 
their rooms, on account of bad colds and La 
Grippe, and are thus deprived of enjoying the 
meetings. Bro. Moss is a fearless expounder of 
the Gospel. He gave us much spiritual food, and 
impressed upon us the great duty we owe to God. 
As a result of those meetings a middle-aged fa- 
ther was baptized, and others are near the king- 
dom. The Lord be praised for all the good! — Jo- 
seph John, Jan. 13. 

Belleville, Pa. -The brethren of the Kishaco- 
quillas Valley held a very interesting series of 
meetings in Gibboney's school-house, near Belle- 
ville, commenciug Jan. 2, and closing Jan 10. 
The meetings were conducted by Bro. Brice Sell, 
of Newry, Blair Co., Pa. On Sunday, Jan. lo', 
Bro. Sell preached in the Belleville Methodist 
church to a large and appreciative audience.— E. 
11 Qr 

To the Churches of middle Indiana.— By order of 
District Meeting, the churches were 'to raise two 
hundred dollars for building a church-houae at 
Kowaua, and as I was placed on the building 
committee, aud made treasurer of the same, I 
would be glad to have all the funds for building 
forwarded as soon aa possible, as we desire to or- 
der material. I hope that all will respond soon.— 
£ M. Aukermim, Somerset, Ind. 

Forgy, Ohio.— I have had a severe attack of La 
Grippe recently, which confined me to the house 
for nearly three weeks. This caused me to miss 
all of the series of meetings at Donald's Creek, 
with the exception of four meetings. Onr meet- 
ings will close by to-morrow evening. Wife and 
daughter, who were also afflicted with La Grippe, 
are somewhat better. I hope that I may Boon be 
able to fill the calls for meetings, for which I had 
made previous arrangements. — Henry Frantz, 
Jan. !) 

.,., Ind.— Bro. D. P. Shivoly, of Pern, Ind., 
began a series of meetings Dec. 26, and continued 
until Jan. 9. During this time we had some very 
unfavorable weather and bad roads, as well as 
some sickness in the neighborhood, but, with all 
these disadvantages, wo had a glorious season of 
worship. We had good attendance, the best of 
order aud a good interest. All seemed to awaken 
to a sense of their duty. Ab an immediate result 
four were baptized and others seemed to be seri- 
ously impressed. We have reasons to believe 
that much good will result from these meetings.— 
S. M. Aukerman. 

Lower Jliami, Ohio.— We have just closed a very 
interesting series of meetings. Bro. Daniel Bock, 
of llidgeway, Ind., came to us on Christmas eve, 
aud continued meetings until Jan. 1, when he was 
assisted by Bro. Joseph Holder, of Deweyville, 
Ohio. These dear brethren did not shun to de- 
clare the whole counsel of God, and while none 
were added to the chnrch, yet we think many 
good impressions were made. On account of 
Bickuess in the neighborhood, these meetings 
were not as well attended as they otherwise would 
have been. At the close of the meetings, Jan. 10, 
a young brother, who has been very sick, request- 
ed to be anointed, which was attended to by the 
Brethren. We hope the Lord may spare his life. 
May he ever bless and prosper those brethren for 
their labors of love while among us! — Lizzie Van- 

Bossvllle, Ind. -Eld. D. S. Caylor, of Wabash 
County, Ind., came to the North Fork chnrch, 
Carroll Co., Ind., Dec. 17, and commenced preach- 
ing the same evening in the upper meeting-house, 
near Owasco. Here he continued the meetings 
each evening until the 27th. Bro. Caylor, though 
not well part of the time, preached the Word 
with power. Though there were no immediate 
accessions, we feel that good and lasting impres- 
sions were made. The meetings at this place 
losed with an increased interest. On the even- 
ng of Dec. 28, Bro. Caylor commenced meetings 
in the Ockley school- house. If sinners will not 
be saved, we feel that our brethren have done 
their duty. There were no accessions at this 
place, but there is a time to sow and a time to 
reap. The meetings here closed Dec. 31. — D. A, 
Hufford, Jan. 15. 


Jan. 26, 1892. 

Soulb English, Iowa.— The good work 
in the English Biver congregation, 
Keoknk Co., Iowa, is still moving on- 
ward. Jan. 10 one dear soul was 
baptized iu the liquid stream, and 
arose, wo trUBt, to walk in newness 
o£ life. God be praised tor his good- 
ness.!— Peter Broner, Jan. 11. 

Long meadow, Hd. -Dro Wilbur Sto- 
ver came to us again and preached 
ten interesting Berm "<■■ On Sun- 
day, Jan. 10, two dear sonla united 

with the church. In the i vi n the 

meetings elosfd i i impn i me 
made on others whi. 
to say they intend to eome in the 
near future.— John Rowland, 

Bodney, Ilch.— I am at present la- 
boring for the salvation of souls in 
the above place, about sixty miles 
away from home. 1 have been here 
a little over one week ami shall stay 
until Jan. 1!), it the Lord wills, I 
have, at this time, baptized two, v 

good prospects of more d sing the 

good part. There are many hern stif- 
feriug with that dread disease, 1« 
Grippe, '•'. E. Stone, Carson City, 
Mick, Jan. 11. 

Canon City, Colo.— How glad we are 
to see the Gospel Messenger once 
morel We enjoyed a love-feast Dec. 
18, there being but two participants 
besides the Holy Spirit Since we 
could not mi et with others to observe 
this holy rite, ntnl since in Christ 
there is uellln'i' male aor female, we 
believed the commandment to be 
binding upon us, though few in num- 
ber, and that the promise is ours if 
w^ obey. Having received the con- 
Bent of our elder, we, therefore, did 
as Jesus has taught ae to do in mem- 
ory of him, although we were bitter- 
ly opposed by tire world. The Breth- 
ren's tracts are doing good work. 
!' oious Bonis who read them are 
coming into the fold.- Wanes "• 
Underhill, J mi 14. 

Panora, Iowa.— Wiih the beginning 
of tho iter ye ir, I b igan a three-days' 
meeting iu a ooun rj sohi iol lion e 
with the Brethren of the Irish Grove 
church near Osceola, Iowa, Ifnfav- 
orable weather and roads caused 
small attendance at first, but soon 
we had full houses. The Brethren 
here realize their need of a church 
house and commenced the new year 
by taking the initial steps iu that, di 
rectiou. They are limited in nam 
bers and means but not wanting in 
zeal and energy, and I fondly hope 
that, by a little assistance from 
neighboring congregations, and, per- 
haps, the Church Erection Board, 
they will be worshiping in their own 
new house before the close of the 
year. A number of converts from 
other denominations has aroused 
some opposition, even to the use of a 
school-house. "When those brethren 
get their church-house enterprise ful- 
ly organized and worked up to the 
extent of their own ability, don't be 
surprised if you find me soliciting 
aid for them; " for they are worthy. 
— J. D. Haughielin, Jan. 6. 

Solomon's Creek, Ind. — The hand of 
affliction is laid -heavily upon the 
family of our dear elder, Davis 
Younce. Bro. Zounce has been se- 
verely afflicted with an abscess of the 
liver. Jan. 7 he called for the eld- 
ers d was anointed. Sister Younce 
is suffering with hn Grippe. They 
wish us to say through the Mes- 
sESciEli that 1 hey (leBire the prayers 
of the General Brotherhood. Bro. 
George Gripe, of Cerro Gordo, 111 , 
just closed a series of meetings in 
the northern part of tho District, 
but wo have not learned tho results. 
— /,. A. Neff, Jan. .9. 

Elk Bun, Ta.— Dec. G Bro. J. P. Zig- 
ler commenced preaching for ns aud 
continued until Dec. 13, delivering, 
in all, ten able sermons. He is fully 
able to preach, not only in word, but 
also in example, ns his actions speak 
for what he professes. On Saturday, 
Dec. 12, we met in council. All 
business moved off Emoothly. Up to 
tho present there are no visible re- 
sults from the meetings. We had to 
close too soon owing to the great 
amount of sickness iu the neighbor- 
hood. At our council we made ar- 
rangements to hold the District 
Meeting of the Second District of 
Virginia at the Elk Kun church, 
April 13 aud 14 —D. C. Zigler, Sto- 
ver's Shop, Dec. 31. 

Christian life many years and was a zealo 
worker in the cause of her Master. She r 
talned her memory to the last, and died in 
full hope of eternal life. Funeral services by 
Eld. Peter Forney and John Ridenour from 
Phllpp. i: 31. E- H. Stouffe 

ZIMMERMAN.— In the Beaver Creek i 
gregation, Va , Jan. 2, of /.a Griff r and 
pneumonia, sister Julia, wife of Bro. John 
Zimmerman, aged about 5S years. 

Inlermenl and funeral at Beaver Creek, 
conducted by Eld. Jacob Thomas. The sub- 
ject of this notice was an ageclionate compan- 
ion, a kind mother and a devoted 6ister, and 
those left lo mourn need not mourn as those 
that have no hope. 

WINES.— In the fame congregation, aijd on 
the same day, of catarrhal fever, Charles 
L., son of Bro. Saylor Wines, aged 1 year 
and 16 days. 
Funeral services by the Rev. Paul from 
2 Sam 11:23. G.W. WINE. 

MICHAEL.— In the Middle Fork church, 
Clinton Co, lnd., Jan. 6, 1892, from a com- 
plication of diseases, Bro Samuel Michael, 
aged 69 years, : mouths and 20 days. 
He leaves his second wife, six chlldrc 
and eighteen grandchildren 10 mourn their 
ss. Funeral services Jan S, by elder.-. Solo- 
on Blickenstaff and David NefT from Amos 
12, " Prepare to meet thy- God." 

Jon« E. Metzger. 
JORDAN.— In the bourn's of the Sallr.e 
Valley church, Lincoln Co., Kans , Dec 
30. 1S91, Eat!, son of friends Ross and Mi- 
na Jordan, aged 1 year, 1 month and 26 
days. Fur eral set mon by the writer. 

L. W. Fitzwatkr. 
WALTER — In the Claar church, Blair 
Co., Pa., Jan 1, 1892, sister Barbara Wal- 


BOTSEI HIMES.— At the residence of 

Bro. Wm. Burkett, Jan. 5, 1S92, by Bro. 
John S. Rush, Bro. John B. Botsell and 
MIsb Sarah Himes, both of Bedford Coun- 
ty, Pa. 

DIERMVER — MOSER.— At the home of 
the bride's parents, Dec. 27, 1S91, by Eld. 
11 C. Baker, Bro. John E. Dlermyer and 
Mi,s Emma V. Moser, all of Pepin Coun- 
ty. Wis, AlTHA M. B/.KBR. 

gregatlon, lnd., Jan. 2 
Neil, Bro. John Crip. 

In the Roann 
1S92, by Eld. David 
i of North Manches- 
ter, Ind , nnd sUter Florence Boblett, of tliit 
place. Jossr-H John. 

TENLEY— HOOVER.— At the residence 
of H. M. Martin, in Cherry Grove Tow 
ship, Carroll Co., Ill, Dec. 13, 1S91, by the 
writer, Mr. L.-nvson Tenley and MUs Elsie 
Hoover. Hexry M. Mahtin. 

eats ttnd 26 days. 
Iter was a member of the 
;h for about forty years and 
tdv to give a helping hand in 
For the last twenty years she 
the time confined to Ihe house 
patientlv, looking forward for a 

31, 1S91, of consumption, Bro. Conrad Fltz, 
Jr., youngest son of Henry and Mary E. 
Fi'.z, aged 25 years and 5 months. Funeral 
services by brethren Moses Dierdorff, of 
Iowa, and J. H. Baker, of the Woodland 
KLING.— Also at the same place, Jan. 5, 
1S92, Bro. George Kltng, aged 71 years and 
9 days. Funeral services by J. H. Baker 
and S. D. Hanim. Conrad Firz. 

REICHER.— In Mexico, Miami Co, Ind, 
Jan. 1, 1892, Emma Luella Richer, daugh- 
ter of John and Sarah Reicher, aged 23 
years, 7 months and 25 days. 

Dectased has been a member of the 
Brethren church for nearly five years. Sis- 
ter Emma bore her suffering with Christian 
courage and before she died, she bade her 
friends fareweli and made arrangements for 
her funeral. We lose an esteemed sister, 
heaven gains a fair angel. Funeral services 
from Isa. 2c: 8. Frank Fisher. 

BOWSLOG — In the bounds of the English 
liver congrega'ion, Keokuk Co., Iowa, Jan. 
, 1892, Artie M, son of Ephraim and Jennie 
iowslog, aged I year,6 months and 21 days. 
His death was caused by membraneous 
up. Funeral services by the home minl6- 
froin the language, " Suffer little children 
:ome unto me, and forbid them not, for of 
such is the kingdom of heaven." 

Peter Brovver. 

HORST.— In the bounds of the Hickory 
Grove church, Miami Co., Ohio, Bro. Mi- 
chael Horst, aged 70 years, 7 months and 
3 day s. 

Bro. Horst united with the church about 
eight years ago and since then he has lived a 
insistent, Christian life. He bore his last 
ifferings with Christian fortitude. A falth- 
rl companion (sister) and seven children, one 
of whom is a member of the church, are left 

i their loss. Funeral t 

•r, fro.n Job < 


) Cor 

s by the 


..: Lord.*' 

BAKER— In the bounds o( Ihe Lower Cum- 
berland church, near Churchtown, Pa., Jan. 
3, 1S9*. Peter Baker, aged SG years, 3 
months and 6 days. 

Interment at the Baker church. Serv- 
ices by Bro. Daniel Landls and the writer, 
from Isa. 3S: 1, IIexry Bkelmav. 

KABRIC— In the Garrison church, Benton 
Co., Iowa, Dec. ji, 1S91, sister Elizabeth 
Kabric, aged 91 yeais, 3 months and S days. 


Ogg. She 

born in Somerset County, Pa , and 
Hampshire County, Va., when about twi 
year- of ;>£>>. Wlion thirty \Qan old she 
manied ■, . Sickfrit Kabiic. In 1850 
moved to Jasper County, Ind , and in 1S54 to 
Benton County, Iowa. To them were born 
i nl three daughters. The husband, 

two sons and one daughter preceded her to 
the spirit world. She lived an exemplary 

Shortly before her death she called for the 
elders, -to be anointed This was the first fu- 
neral in our new meeting-house, dedicated 
just two weeks previous. Funeral service 
by brethren John L. Holslnger and James I 
Brumbaugh, from 1 Cor. 15: 55. 


WALTER,- tn the same congregation, Bit 
Henry J. Walter, aged 65 3 ears, 4 months 
and 8 days. 

Bro. Walter was a consUte 
the Brethren church for thirty years. About 
one year ago he had a stroke of paralysi 
which affected his mind so that he became 
heavy burden to sister Walter and chiidre: 
On thi last day of December he had anothi 
stroke and lived only six days longer, being 
unconscious during the few days that he 
lived. He leaves a widow (sister) and fo; 
children. One child preceded him lo the 
pint world in infancy. Funeral services by 
brethren John L. Holsinger and James D. 
Brumbaugh, of Woodbury congregation, from 
James 4:14. C F. Lingbnfei.ter. 

HOOVER.— In the bounds of the Bethel 
church, Kosciusko Co., Ind , Dec. 20, 1891, 
Clarence Franklin, son of brother and sis- 
ter Hainan Hoovi 
and 5 days. 
Little Clarence 

at Sunday school. 

uel Hillery, of Nev 

Younce, of Syracus 

MARTZ— Near Mt. Solon, Va., Dec. 28, 
1S91, friend Mar in Martz, husband of sister 
Marl z, at the advanced age of 86 years, 
months and 1 1 days. 

Burial at Mount Zlon church; the se 
ices being conducted by Eld. Jacob Thoi 
from Ps 119: 59. He leaves a wife and s 
en children to mourn their loss. 

D. C. Ziglef 

FITZ.— In the Woodland church, Fulton 
Co., 111., at his home In Leeseburgh, Dec. 

1 S years, 4 months 

regular attendant 

il services by Lem- 

, assisted by Davis 

L. A. Nef 

iister was one of those exceptionally 
devoted and tfnder mothers, as was so forci- 
bly demonstrated a short time before her 
death when she n quested to be anointed with 
oil in the name of the Lord and also wanted 
her children all present. When all were 
present, the solemn service was engaged in, 
much to her joy and comfort. After that the 
children went to her bedside, tenderly em- 
braced her, and received her last benediction. 
Funeral services by the writer, assisted by 
D. S. Fiibrun, from Ps. 35: 14. 

Jacob Coppock. 
WEAVER.— In the Springfield church, No- 
ble Co., Ind., Jan. 1, 1892, Bro. Jacob Weav- 
er, aged 64 years, 11 months and 1 day. 
Bro. Weaver was born in Columbiana 
County, Ohio, moved to Indiana in 1849, and 
was married to Lydia Towns in 1852. To 
this union were born ten children, four of 
whom have crossed over the river. 

Bro. Weaver united with the church while 
young and was later on elected to the dea- 
ice, w hie h position he honorably 
filled until death. Two of his brothers, Jo- 
;ph and Christian, are ministers. Sister 
Weaver has lost a kind husband, the children 
a loving father, ihe citizens a good neighbor 
and the church a faithful brother, but our 
loss is his gain. Funeral services by the 
Brethren. J. H. Miller. 

PROUGH-— In Cabool, Texas, Dec. 16, 1S91, 
of consumption, sister Wilma Orrel Prough, 
aged 15 years, S months and 19 days. 

Deceased united with the Brethren church 
nearly two years prior to her death, during a 
series of meetings held in the Greenwood 
church, Texas Co., Mo., by Bro. Honberger, 
and remained a faithful member until death. 
Service^by the Brethren. J.J. Troxel. 

MOCK.— In Elkhart County, lnd., Dec. 28, 
1891, John Mock, aged 78 years, 1 month 
and 25 days. 

Deceased was born in Pennsylvania, Nov. 
3, 1S13, and brought to Montgomery County, 
Ohio, by his parents while a small child. At 


Jan. 28, 1892. 


the age of twenty one years he was married 
to Mary Ann Keltner, after which time they 
moved to Elkhart County, Intl, in the year 
1855- They reared a family of eight chil- 
dren, — four sons and four daughters, all of 
whom were present to witness Ihe departur 
of the aged father. The mother and wife 
preceded him to the tomb about three years. 
Twenty-three grandchildren and one great- 
grandchild are still living. Funeral services 
by D. Shively. J. II. Miller. 

KREIDER.— In the bounds of the Lower 
Cumberland church, near liagerstown, Pa., 
Dec. 26, 1S91, Mary Edna Kreldcr, infant 
daughter of Emmanuel and Lizzie Kreider, 
aged 5 months and 4 days. 

Services by the writer from Matt. 19: 14. 

Interment at Miller's church near Sterrelt's 

Gap. Henry Bbblman. 

MILLER.— In the Valley church, Augusta 

Co., Va., Dec. 22, 1891, sister Fannie Miller, 

wife of Eld. John Miller, deceased, aged 71 

years, 1 month and 29 days. 

Deceased leaves seven children and many 
relatives and friends to mourn their loss, 
which, we believe, was her eternal gain. Sis- 
ter Miller was a great sufferer from rheuma- 
tism and dropsy for some years and unable to 
walk for nearly two years, but she was never 
heard to murmur, and bore her afflictions 
with Christian fortitude. 

She was a devoted Christian mother, her 
life being an exemplary one, and will long be 
remembered by those to whom she was near 
and dear. 

Deceased was a sister of elders Jacob Brow- 
er, of South English, Iowa, and John Brow- 
er, of Dorrance, Kans. 

Eld. John preceded her to the spirit world a 
little over four years. May the children pre- 
pare themselves to be again re-united in the 
kingdom of heaven! The funeral services 
were conducted by brethren A, D. Garber 
and Daniel Miller from 1 Pet. 2: 7. 


ed fo! 

■ lhal 



ARNOLD— At Marcus, Iowa, Nov. 

1891, of consumption, Bro. Franklin D. 

Arnold, aged 54 years, 6 months and 1 day. 
Deceased leaves a mother, wife and nine 
children, one brother, three Mr-ters and a large 
circle of friends to mourn their loss. Truly, 
;i righteous man has fallen asleep. He was 
unit d in marriage to Miss Mary Lehman 
Nov. 1, 1S60, both of Defiance, Ohio. He 
was baptized into Christ in iS6: and lived a 
devoted Christian life. As in business, so in 
spiritual matters, he set his house in order, and 
testified to all that enquired into his welfare 
that all was well. He was fully resigned to 
the Lord's will. 

Funeral services conducted by Rev. T. E. 
Carter, of the M. E. church, from Rev. 14: 
13. H. B. Lehman. 

HJLE.— In the Lower Cumberland church, 

Pa., Dec. 29, 1S91, Mary Hile, wife of John 

Hile, aged about 33 years. 
Deceased, with her husband, came to our 
place March 26, both claiming to be members 
of the church. David Niesly. 

MILLER. — In the Indian Creek congrega- 
tion, Fayette Co., Pa, Dec. 24, 1891, Free- 
man Milipr, aged 17 years, 5 months and 
IS days 
The subject of the above notice was a 
son of Bro. Amos M. and sister Mary Miller. 
He, with an older brother, went out to cut 
down timber for a new barn. In felling the 
first tree, a limb broke and flew back, killing 
him instantly. Funeral services conducted 
by the writer, assisted by the home pastor, to 
a very large audience. D. D. Horner. 

HORN.— In the bounds of the Liberty ville 
church, Van Buren Co., Iowa, Samuel 
Glenn, son of friend Frank and Nora Horn, 
aged 5 months and iS days. 

Funeral services conducted by the writer 

to a large and sympathizing congregation. 
Abraham Wolf. 

HARSHBERGER.— In the Middle District, 
Miami Co., Ohio, Dec. iS, 1891, Elizabeth 
Ann Harshberger, last daughter and child 
of Bro. Henry and sister Sarah Harshberg- 
er, aged 57 years, 7 months and 16 days. 

ed disease, consumption, from which she suf- 
fered for several years. However slowly, vet 
surely it did its work. Owing to the afflic- 
tion of ihe surviving parent, Hie funeral serv- 
ices took place at the home, by the under- 

D. S. FlLBRl'N. 

HARSHBERGER.— In the same congregt 

tion and family, Dec 24, tSyt, Bro. Henry 
Harshberger, aged Si years, 10 months and 

The subject of this notice is the one above 
alluded to. Bro. Harshberger was born in 
Rockingham County, V a ., Feb. 12, 1S10. 
He was one of the pioneers of Miami County, 
Ohio, having settled within its then wild bor- 
ders about the year 1830. Many, and some- 
times severe, were his trials, anxieiies and dis- 
appointments in life, and many times, since 
the death of his companion, which occurred 
about five years ago, and the aflliclion of his 
daughter, did lie express himself as wishing 
to remain in this world only so long as his 
daughter was permitted to remain. He said, 
" When Lizzie is gone I have nothing more 
for which to live here. 1 ' When I bade him 
farewell on Sunday morning, after the funei- 
al service of his daughter, he said, " Rro. Dav- 
id, I am so lonely, but it won't be long and I 

Bro. Harshberger was a kind father and 
husband, a devoted and consistent member 
for many years. Funeral occasion improved 
by the undersigned from 2 Tim. 4: 6, 7, 8. 

D. S. FiLimux. 
DILLER.— In Churchtown, Pa., Dec. 30, 

1S91, Mrs. Solomon Diller, aged 82 years 
David Niesly. 
WILLIAMS.-In Everett, Pa., Dec. 28, 

1891, of La Grifpc, J. B. Williams, aged 

about 60 years 

He leaves a wife and seven childn 
mourn iheir loss. He was the leading 
chant of Everett. His remains were Interred 
in the Everett cemeiery. 

NEGLY.— At Farmington, 111, Nov. 13, 
1891, Bro. David L. Negley, aged 20 \ ears, 
7 months and 28 days, 
Deceased was a son of Bro. J. A. and sis- 
ter Sarah Negley, and was an exemplary 
young man, liked by all who knew him. 
Knowing that, owing to sickness, he must 
soon cross the river of death, he became deep- 
ly concerned about his soul's salvation and 
requested to be baptized. So, on Oct. 20, 
1891, we complied with his request and he 
arose, rejoicing in the hope of eternal life and 
expressed himself, at different times, as being 
satisfied and ready to go. Funeral services 
by the writer to a large audience. 

He leaves a sorrowing father and mother, 
three brothers and two sisters. 

Soi.omum BlCKLKW. 
CUSHWA.— In the Hickory Grove church, 
Miami Co, Ohio, Dec. 4, Ic8i, Corn Ann 
Cushwa, daughter of friend James Cushwa, 
aged 24 years, 1 month and 7 days. 

The deceased, while away from home, 
took ill and died of hemorrhage. Funeral 
services conducted by the writer from Rom. 
8: 1. I). S. Filbrun. 

SEIGHMAN.— In the same church, Dec. 9, 
1S91, Bro. Jacob Seighman, aged 82 years, 
10 months and 21 days. 

Deceased was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., Jan. jS, 1809, and was married to Catha- 
rine Bashor, of McAlIisterville, Juniata Co., 
Pa., about fifty-nine years ago. He emigrat- 
ed to this State, to the place near where his 
death occurred, fifty-three years ago. His 
ife, two children, eleven grandchildren and 
nine great-grandchildren survive him. Bro. 
Seighman was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church Funeral occasion improved 
by the writer, assisted by Eld. Henry Gump, 
from 1 Thess. 4: 14. D. S. Filbrun. 

CHARLES.— In the bounds of the Rockton 
church, Pa., Jan. 1, 1892, Mrs. Samantha 
Charles, wife of Rodney Charles, aged 41 
years, 7 monthsand ladays. Funeral serv- [ 
ices conducted by the writer from 1 Cor. 
15: 19-22. J. H. Beer. I 


S®-The following hooks, Sundaj cl 10) 
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Hymn Books. 

New Tune and Hymn Books. 

Rymit Cooks. 

Sunday-School Requisites. 

I ; " follov III i II i --I I inn led in hll Sunday 

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H-?vv and Beautiful Sunday-School Cards. 

The Young Disciple 

Ten copies 

For Three Months or Thirteen Weeks. 

...I, i,, 

For Six Honlhs or Twenty-Six Weeks. 


We have just printed a new edition ol 
these very convenient certificates. Several 
Improvements over the old style arc notice- 
able, such as perforated stub", firm, jet 
smooth, paper, etc. Price only 50 cents per 
book. Every congregation shouldhave one. 
Address, this office 


■\n\ book in iIh- market i [shed al pub- 

toners' low I retail price by the Brethren's 
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dalprica given win n books are pun hnsed In 
quantities. When ordering books, not on 
QU1 Ha*. i; !I ■ ■■'-< till 1 name of author, 

and address ol publish) re. 

Family Bible, with Notes and Instructlons.-Con* 
l.iiU'i tin- I,. 11 in, ny 11I the- l,,.-,j!d>:, I'hninnlogy, 

I V . md Mi mures, Family 

It' ■ ■'!. ■ 1 :'.' ■ !■'■ nit ilhi-,ti,.ii..ii- 
■ ub : inlfall] bound, ■ 1 


clcr "!i," t 

-■■'■■■■ hT< il .:.i m 1, \ Oil h 

Editli a, price, 1 . 



■ ni'i 1 ' ■ Theology. - 

.', VV. G. 1 

( loth 

on 1 htnj I.-. 

. !■" ■ 

able 1 

ament and Psalm* 

u . Invalu 

rice.clnth. ta.coiwUl 

QulntCT « 

nd McConnell Debat 

e.-A il 

into on Trine 


!' ,v \ Nl ' ' ! j 

1 ' I wm 1 :. 

lan Baptist) 
) hold at l>ry 


»sK Fou" 


ament, l'.,i- 
i, 8vo, Mai 

Romans to^Pli t'°° 


11 1 tlia Acts: 
Hebrews to 

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This road is running a fine line of Pullman 
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apolis, Cincinnati and Louisville, In connec- 
tion with the fast Florida express trains. 

For full Information, address., E. O. Mo 
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Express Building. Chicago. (City Tlckei 01 
ficfc.7 <* Pl»rl( ^< 1 

Send for our new Bible Catalogue. Prices 
to suit the times. We hsve a large variety 
and the most durable as well as ornamental 

Sabbatisro, By M. M, i- lielman, 1 n 

'■■ itli ■ on, hov 1 thai the fii - ! day ol the 

week I ■ tin' .I..; iin assembling In worship. Price, 
10 cents; is copies, 91.00. 

Bunynn s Pllgrlm'u Progreaa.-An OXCCltenl edition 
if this good work, printed on good paper, finely 
illustrated with forty engravings, ni the low price 

Close Communi'jfj. i;., I in.l,.i, \\v 1, 1 > . ■ : . t ihh 
bnporlnnl ubjci 1 In a Imph ihou 

Lanr-a's Commcnlfry Ml'.. I I,, I " i ■ i ■ i , ■ , l,,!i 

I v .,, ■. ., 1., ,, 

New anil Complete Bible Commentary By Famti - 
in", P mi .fii Brown. It la in advance ol 
othei tvorl El I erltli il, practii I indi ■plana* 
1. .-v. 1 ■ ■ .!,.. Uousand I I II • 

eharat tcr, tth I Inti lui Hon to each 

Book of Scrlpti 
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vol ■■■■ "i al 1 1,00a pages each, h ■ fine 

f'.ficU .ii - : -Hi, 1 lini i- -1 ■.(.■■■■ :i. Hi- lull act, sB.oo; 


tred Gcocrnphy 

:. , Iu| . . 1 


Jim! Antlqultl 
l.ii... ludi ■■■ 
■ ,.. , Pi . 



lures, r.v r. U 


ReliRion. lilbbi 


r Library on Christian Evidences. -Thh 
tlon of worlo embraces the best books to I 
on that subject: " Haley's Evidences ol Clirl 
ty," New Kditlon, 51.50: "Nelson on Jnlid 
75 cents; " Manual ol ClitlKtUn Evidence 
cents;"Many Intalllble Proofs,", "T 
vine Demonstration," *t 



one time. ; 

1. 1 

ptary ■ 
■ . Butlt f rwo 


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Bj [, 

n . .,., ... 


bli to .ill tud ni ol Bib] lubje I 1, Price, |i.Se. 
iblicalTheoloK/ of the Old Testament. By U. 1'. 
. 1 1 loth, 11,35, 

isificd Minute, uf Annual Meeting.— A work of 
in. iv . I ir all who desire tn be v/i:ll iiil'iiiMi.'-l 

!ri the church work, from the early days of oat 
Brethren until the present, Price, cloth, fi.50; 

i pan ion to the Bible.- 1 . . 1 i 


By 1 Old 


Europe and Bible Lands.— By U. L. Miller. A book 
liir ihe people, more comprehensive and ttior- 
oiiKhUMn 111 uny higher-priced work3. Price, cloth,; leather, I2.00. 

Hi3tory. By Euseblua, Bohn Libra 
Cloth, Jam 
istical iHistory.— Ily Moaheim. 2. v.>!s. .Svo., 


^AKIN 6 


Absolutely Pure. 


The public !h always responsive 
ions nbout the food it eats. GrC 
ins been tnken in the investigation 
edStates and Canadian go 


and by the different boards of health to show 
thepuritj oi Impurity ol milk, baking pow- 
dera, spices, and other articles oi daily use in 

the culinary department of our households. 

Just now the subject of baking powder is 
ihdming public attention. We nil desire pure 
and wholesome bread, imd this cannot be had 
with the use of impure or poisonous baking 
powder. There can he no longer any ques- 
tion that all the cheaper, lower grades of bnk- 

ing powders contni 
[ihosjihsuic acid. 

The official analy 
and Canadian govi 
been studied with 

either alu 

hlel baking powders in the market, and have 
ubjected them to careful chemical examina- 
ion to determine their purity, wholesomeneBS 
ind leavening power. As the results of my 
tests I find the Royal baking powder superior 
to all the others in every respect It is en- 
tirely free from all adulteration and unwhole- 
some impurity, and In baking it gives off a 
greater volume of leavening gas than any oth- 
er powder. It is, therefore, not only the pur- 
est, but also the strongest powder with which 

1 am acquainted. 

Walter S. Haines, M. IX, 
Con oltlng Chemist, Chicago Board o£ Health. 

The statistic* show that there are used in 
the manufacture of the Royal baking powder 
e than half of all the cream of tartar con- 
sumed in the United States for all purpose*. 

all other baking powders combined— is, per- 
haps, even a higher evidence than that al- 
ready quoted of the superiority of this article, 
and of its indispensubleness to modern cook- 



by the United States 
nents have therefore 
rest and have pretty 
clearly established the fuels upon this subject. 
The United States government report gives 
the names of eighteen well-known powders, 
some of them advertised as pure cream of 
tartar baking powders, that contain alum. 

The report shows that the Royal baking 
powder was found the highest in leavening 
Strength, evolving 160.6 cubic inches of gas 
per single ounce of powder. There were 
eight other brands of cream oE tartar powders 
letted and their average strength was 111.5 
cubic inches of gas per ounce of powder. 

The Canadian government investigations 
were of a still larger number of powders. 
The Royal baking powder was here also 
shown the purest and highest in strength, 
containing 129.33 cubic inches of leavening 
gas per ounce of powder. Nine other cream 
of tartar powders were tested, their average 
strength being reported to be eighty-nine cu- 
bic inches of gas per ounce. 

These figures are very instructive to the 
practical housekeeper. They indicate that 
the Royal baking powder goes more than 33 
per cent further in use than the others, or is 
one-third more economical. Still more im- 
portant than this, however, they prove till; 
popular article has been brought to the high, 
est degree of purity— for to its superlative pu- 
rity this superiority in strength is due — and 
consequently that by its use we may be in- 
sured the purest and most wholesome food. 

The powders of lower strength are found 
to leave large amounts of inert matters in the 
food. This fact is emphasized by the report 
of the Ohio State Food Commissioner, who, 
while finding the Royal practically pure, 
found no other powder to contain less than 10 
per cent of inert or foreign matters. 

The public interest in this question has 
likewise ciused to be made investigations by 
our local authorities. Prof. W. S. Haines, of 
Rush Medical College, consulting chemist of 
the Chicago Board of Health, has found re- 
sults similar to those reported by the National 
and Canadian authorities. Dr. Ilaii 

J. B. Oolclesser, 

Pure-Bred -:- Poland-Chinas. 

lis herd i~ noUvl for line qualities lis well 
ze. I have fall pigs, spring pigs and 
yearlings, for whicli I will make a deduction 
for sixty days, or at farmers' prices. Please 
call or write. Parties met at train when noti- 
fied. J. B. COLCLKSSER. 
43eow Roanoke, lnd. 

U I' N 



Excursions to California. 

Rfsir Medical Colle 
I have recently ohtaine 

, Chicaj;. 



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List of Publications for Sale —Sent 
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b, 1. Golden Gleami or Family Chart, $ 8 

O. a. Diagram of Pullover and Lord's Supper, per 

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Jo. 11. Sinner, Stop, per 100, 

Io 12, Faith, per 100, 

io. 13. The Light House, per ico 

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Mo. 23. The Lord's Supper, per 100 

So. 24. Shall I Swear or Affirm? per 100 

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This is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical sketch of Eld. James 
Qulnter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
interesting, instructive and impressive. No 
one can read an account of Bro. Quintet's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religious convictions, rose step by step,, 
until he reached a field of usefulness andi 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though- 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of : 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all,, 
and especially to onr ministers and ieoiatedi 
members. We feel that this book will fill a. 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price,, 
post-paid, $1.25. 


Golden Gleams. 

Send for a copy of the above valuable 
Wall Chart. Price, 85 cents per copy, 
dress 1Mb office. 


Mt. Morris, 111. 



y, Sir;. sv, Oats, Corn, Rye, 
and Flour. lam agent fo 


This is just the Quarterly for the little 
folks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, io- 
Cents; 6 Copies, per Quarter, 25 Cents; 10 
Copies and over, per Quarter, 3 Cents each. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 30, Old Series. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 2, 1892, 

The Gospel Messenger. 

Table of Contents, 

Poetry, — 

At Eventide. Selected 66 

Essays, — 

The Unity of the Christian Life. By C. H. Balsbaugh, 66 

Earth's Shadows. By Lizzie M. Rogers, C6 

The Millennium. By Jas. Y. Heckler, 67 

Anointing with Oil. By Thurston Miller 6S 

The Holy Spirit. By B. C. Moomaw, 68 

The Judgment. By A. Hutchison, 69 

True Pity, 69 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

Our Bible Class. By A. W. Vaniman, 70 

Bank Accounts. By J. S. Flory, 70 

God's Harvest Field. By Ida M. Helm, 70 

The Earnestness of Life. By Sarah E. Cripe, 70 

The Value of Ceremonies, By John E. Mohler, 71 

How Missionaries are Made, 71 

Fishing, 71 

Editorial, — 

Items, 72 

Thought Flas-hes, 65 

Editorial Wanderings in the Old World, 73 

Correspondence 74i75> ?6 

Notes from Our Correspondents,. : 77, 78 

Literary Notes, 78 

Matrimonial 7S 

Fallen Asleep 7S 

Advertisements, • 79. 80 


It has been truly said: (i An honest man is a 
Batnple of God's best work." The word honest 
needs an enlarged definition and means much 
more than we are in the habit of giving it. It is 
a grand thing to be honest with our fellow-man 
and ourselves, but it is still a greater thing to be 
honest before God. "We are so fettered by cus- 
toms, traditions and creeds that there are but few, 
indeed, who are honest to their convictions of 

There are times when we feel like trying to do 
as did Samson, when bound with cords, — shaking 
ourselves until the shackles would break and fall 
at our feet. Why not? 

"Observer" says: "I noticed an article on page 
7, No. 1, and it brought this thought to me: " Can 
a church disown a minister without a just cause 
when he wishes to remain in the church?" We 
suppose there is no church that would wish to do 
such a thing. But likely the query hinges on "a 
just cause," and the only way to decide the ques- 
tion is to determine who shall decide the justness 
of the cause. Shall it be the man who is to be 
disowned, or the church that is to do the disown- 
ing? If the former is to be the judge, there will 
be no disowning done, because we, of ourselves, 
seldom give a just cause for church discipline. 
We are always right and the church wrong. Such 
a course wouldbe fatal to church government and, 
as a result, every one would take his own way and 
there could be no church. The church, as a body, 
must be allowed the right of acting out its own 

convictions and making its own decisions, aud our 
only recourse, when we feel that we have been 
wronged, is patience, reason, and appeal. It is 
possible for a church to make mistakes iu the de- 
cisions she makes but a true, humble, Christian 
spirit on the part of the one wronged, seldom fails 
to bring the desired reconciliation. We admire 
the man who is true to his convictions of right, 
but there are times when we all must Btibmit our 
judgments. ThiB we can afford to do if done 
through the proper spirit. 

A brother who had been with ns during a for- 
mer Bible Term writes us: 

time during the summer in church work that I am financially 
sinking and must now try and take care of ihe little I have, or 
after awhile I may grow in want. I spent about three 
months of my time last year in preaching, for which I re- 
ceived no compensation. 1 not only lost this time but had to 
pay out money, in addition, for traveling expenses. 

I would gladly come and spend a month with you if I 
could see how to mike my ends meet. The term I spent 
with you did me much good and was a great help to me in 
in v ministry, etc. 

We give this extract to show what sacrifices our 
ministers make and, seemingly, how little their ef- 
forts are appreciated by ihose for whom they are 
made. This ia not an isolated -case. They can be 
counted by the score. We now think of a large 
number of ministers, who greatly desire to attend 
these Bible Terms that they may the better pre- 
pare themselves for the work the church has 
placed upon them, but they are not able to do so. 
Their living, for themselves and families, depends 
on the labor of their own hands, and, therefore, 
they must remain at home, or their families will 
suffer. The thought comes to us most forcibly, 
" Is thia right? " The churches want good preach- 
ing and complain of some of their home ministers 
because they do not preach better sermons. Some 
are willing to raise funds and send away for a 
good preacher to come and preach for them. 
Why not spend this money on your home' preach- 
ers? Encourage them to make some preparation 
and they may do better work for you than those 
you send away for. We have some splendid tal- 
ent in our ministry and all that is needed in many 
of the cases is encouragement, possibilities and 

Let ub look again at the one from whose letter 
we quoted. He is a man of very moderate means, 
has been called by the church to preach, but not 
equipped. He is full of zeal and desires to be- 
come an efficient worker for the church aud the 
Master. To assist him in this he spends a month, 
at his own expense, at the Bible Term. This is a 
month not only of loss, but of cost. While thus 
studying to make himself approved of God and 
man, his soul becomes more fully imbued with 
the importance of the work and the responsibili- 
ties weighing upon him, and he goes home and 
during the year gives three months more in active 
service, financially, time lost in addition to other 

Brethren, what do you think of such men? We 
hear you say, " They are good and faithful breth- 
ren." Others say, " They will get their reward in 
heaven." If they do, don't you think they will 
get a tremendously large one, or that yours will 


be tremendously small? Would it not be better 
for you to divide up a little now, so that in the 
day of accounts the Lord can divide a little with 
yon ? 

Don't bo mistaken. As sure as there is a God, 
a heaven, aud a promised reward, there will be an 
evening up some time. If you do not see that it 
is done in this life, the Lord will soe that it ia 
done in the life to come. 

There is nothing that our ministry needs to-day, 
more than encouragement to efficiency in their 
work. This lack is causing hundreds to lag by 
the way aud only rill the place when they must. 
The pressure for good preaching in the church, 
and out of it, is so great, that those who do nofe 
have some opportunities for preparation are grow-g 
iug discouraged,— and who is to blame? We uu-h 
hesitatingly say, "The church." Our mimstnrsf* 
on the whole, old and young, are the best class op 
men in tho world. They are devoted, self-sac 
ficing aud zealous beyond — appreciation. Pawl 
the word, but it is the only one we can think of 
that expresses the thought. 

Now, brethren, a little bit of praise aud we 
close our thoughts for this time. We are glad to 
believe that many of you are lookiug at this mat- 
ter in a better light. You are becoming more 
practical LD your Christiau work and in some cas- 
es the evening-up system is being practiced. 
Some of our needy ministers are being remem- 
bered in the work and wo shall not bo at all sur- 
prised, if several of such are sent to the Bible 
Term and others encouraged in other ways. This 
is right. God bless you still more. 

Just now we open a letter from a good old elder 
aud he says: "Prepare for six or eight from our 
church." Best of all, he will be one of the num- 
ber. Yes, indeed, will we prepare and he shall 
have one of the Normal's spare rooms. We are 
glad to have the fathers with us. The presence 
of such will gladden the hearts of many, and then 
they will be a safeguard thrown around the work 
that is always needful. 

Of course, there are those among us who shake 
their heads at these things because they are dif- 
ferent from tho ways in which they went. Yes, 
this may be very true, as wo can truly attest in 
our own starting out, but we do not despise a good 
thing because it was not to be had when we were 
young. In farming and all the different occupa- 
tions in life there have been many improvements 
in means to ends, but the ends to be accomplished 
are not changed. The wheat, the corn, and all 
other products are the same under modern culture 
as they were under the ways of the past. The 
difference is, the times require a greater product 
at a less outlay of labor and time. So it is in 
church work. The times require more skilled la- 
bor and a greater preparation. The products will 
be the same in quality but ought to be more in 

We must adapt onr ways and means to the 
wants of the times if we will be successful in the 
ends to be reached. These are facts so patent to 
every candid and thinking mind that no arguments 
are necessary to establish them, and if we wish to 
perpetuate the church and save sinners, we must 
accept the facts as we meet them. God's ways 
are in harmony with human reason and all we 
have to do to meet the emergencies that are forced 
upon us is to be reasonable. That our prepara- 
tion must correspond with the character of the 
work to be done is both rational aud reasonable. 


Feb. 2, 1802. 


Tiik stream is calmest when It ncars the tide, 

And the (lowers are sweetest at the eventide, 

And bird mosl musical at the close of day, 

And saints dlvinest when they pass away. 

Morning is holy, hut a holier charm 

Lies lohlcd close in Evening's robe ol balm, 

And weary man must ever love her best, 

For morning calls lo toll, but night to rest. 

She comes from heaven, and on her wings doth heal 

An holy fragrance, like Ihe breath of prayer, 

Footsteps of angeU iollow in her trace, 

To shut the weary eyes of day in peace. 

All tilings are hushed before her as she throws, 

O'er earth and sky her mantle of repose; 

There Is a calmer beauty and a power, 

That morning knows not. In the evening hour. 

Until Ihe evening we must weep and toll— 

Plow life's stern furrow, dig the weedy soil, 

Trend with soft feet our rougli and thorny way, 

And bear the heal and burden of the day. 

Oh! when our sun Is selling may we glide, 

Like summer evening, down the golden tide, 

And leave behind us, as we pass away, 

Sweet, starry twilight round our sleeping clr 



To Sister Florida J. E. Elier, of Virginia.-— 

God con have but one purpose. He has but 
one Co-eternal S' 

with God, and wh 
purpose of God, I 
Jesus our Lord." 
we are called iu 
Apart from this w 

n, who was in the beginning 
was God. And the undivided 
mi all eternity, was "in Christ 
Eph. 3: 11. To this high end 
Christ Jesus. Philpp. 3: 14. 
i are not permitted to expend 
.bought or feeling or energy. "Ye cannot serve 
God and mammon." To divide our worship 
among Christ and self and the world is polythe- 
ism. "God is love," and "love thinkeih no evil." 
1 Oor. 13: 5. 

"Where the treasure is, there will tho heart 
be." Matt. 6: 19, 20, 21. Where Christ is su- 
preme, all worldly honor and distinction and 
glory are counted as dross. Philpp. 3: 8. The 
friendship of the world is enmity with God. 
James 4: 4. To love the world as God loves it, is 
to die for it, fall under its blows of hatred and 
persecution, in order to win it to holiness by 
the power of self-Eacrifice. Just as soon as we 
allow auy motive to sway us, but the glory of 
God, we " fall into the condemnation of tho dev- 
il." To live for self in anything, even in profess- 
edly Christian work, is to place ourselves in the 
category of the robber and liar and adulterer and 

The cross of Christ makes us so entirely the 
property of God, that not a quiver of life in our 
composite being may be used for ends apart from 
"His eternal purpose." 1 Cor. 6: l'.l, 20, and 10 
31; Col. 3: 17, 23, 24. We are absolutely ab- 
sorbed in God without losing our individuality. 
Our glory and beatitude is that Jehovah is our 
dwelling-place, and we are His. Ps. 90: 1; 2 Cor. 
6: 16. He is our very life, because we are as essen- 
tially identified with Christ, as Christ is with the 
Father. John (i: 07; Col. 3: 3, 4. The " because " 
of John 14: 19 iB the sum of our beiug and deBtiny. 
Tour letter to me palpitates with the very pulse 
of Psalm 40: 8. The great cry of your soul is, 
"Lord, what wilt thou have me to do?" To Saul 

Lord ' Ex. 11: 13. Be not dis- 
heartened. God knows best where to place us 
and how lo deal with us and what work to assign 
The little nook must be filled by some meek, 
drudging, uncomplaining saint, no less than the 
torrid continent of Africa by William Taylor, or 
the vast territory of China by J. Hudson Taylor. 
If yon bring your two turtle-doves with a pure 
I glowing love, yon are as acceptable as 
Solomon with his "twenty-two thousand oxen 
and a hundred and tweuty thousand sheep." The 
sanctified little is more precious than the selfish 
much. God forgets not tho "very little." Luke 
19: 17. 

Ono of the most wonderful facts on record is 
that Jesus had to bo shut up in obscurity thirty 
years, to be disciplined and trained for a three 
years' miuietry in public. It looks like a great 
waste of time and energy and influence, but. his 
private training was not a minute too long. Nei- 
ther is yours or rAme. The Maker understands 
His own work and aim, and adapts everything 
with infinite precision. I have been shut mostly 
indoors for thirty-eight years, spending much of 
my time in solitude and in bed, and yet I have 
not a particle of doubt all my seclusion and suf- 
fering were needed to school me into humility 
and faith and a better appreciation of the cross 
and the high calling of God in Christ Jesus, 

Through all these years my desire has been 
very intense to "be about my Father's business" 
in a more active and publio way; but, hpw much 
personal motive entered into this desire, God 
alone knows. I have often been confounded to 
discover that self, in some form, creeps into out- 
most ardent aspirations for a wider field of serv- 
ice. I have ofteu been shocked at the providen- 
tial unveiling of my deeper self, aud of others. 
This is GonV way of teaching us humility. To 
reach the altitude of Eom. 12: 3, requires a 
thorough crucifixion. We may think we are dead 
to tho world and self-complacency, only to dis- 
cover through some insignificant incident that 
there is a hidden serpent coiled in the unexplored 
reeessoe of our nature. 

I have not unfrequently come upon the most 
hideous leviathans and dragons of selfishness in 
persons who had all the external tokens of humil- 
ity and holiness. God alone knows how to meet 
the innumerable forms of evil that lurk under our 
semblances of piety. "The heart is deceitful 
above all thiugs, and desperately wicked: who can 
kuow it? I the Lord search the heart, I try tb 
reins,, oven to give every man according to Mb 
ways, and according to the fruit of his doings." 
Jet-. 17: 9, 10. 

You are earnestly praying for a wider sphere of 
usefulness, and God may be preparing you ell tho 
while by testing your fidelity to the little things 
iu the narrow circle iu which you are placed. 
Tabitha was no object of popular admiration, had 
uo mission which drew upon her the gaze of an 
astonished province, but in a circumscribed and 
quiet way, "was full of good works and alms 
deeds which she did." Hers was the noiseless 
but Heaveu-nccepted ministry of the needle. Her 
coate and garments " are on record for all who 
re content to serve "the Lord of glory" in the 
humble but God-pleasing, Christ-honoring way 
of Matt. 25: 34-40. 

A heart on fire with love to Jesus, cannot help 
desiring the largest possible expression o£ devo- 
tion ; but when nothing higher or more extensiv 
offers, it is glad for the opportunity of kissing the 
feet of Jesus in HiB poorest members. Any wom- 
an who knows not how to employ her needle and 
frying-pan aud wash-tub and broom to the glory of 
God, prays iu vain for the higher illuminations of 
Pisgah aud Tabor. So I have known not a few 

aud important and varied activity, before they 
had tho paiienco and meekness to bear the petty 
frictions of the daily life of the family and com- 
munity. To many an impatient, ambitions peti- 
tion Christ must still say, " Ye know not what ye 
osfc." Matt. 20: 22. 

"In your patience possess ye your souls." 
Where this self-possession is wanting, no great 
faith can be exercised, aud no promise-claiming, 
Christ-grasping prayer be offered. It is character 
God seeks lo develop in us, and this may require 
limitations and chastenings and "fiery trials" 
which seem very straugo to us. John Buuyan 
felt the incarceration in Bedford Jail like an iron 
fetter. But God wanted to bequeath to His 
church Pilgrim's Progress. Paul longed to see 
Home, but he did not count on spending two 
years there as a prisoner and then seal his testi- 
mony by losing his head. But God wanted him 
to write those Spirit-indited epistles, which are 
the most marvelous displays of divine grace from 
the life and teachings of Emmanuel to this day. 

When I knew nothing else to do to calm my 
yearning soul for service, I put tho Bible and 
Oencordance and Dictionary beside me on my 
bed, and laid a shingle across my knees, and on it 
I put an old magazine on which to lay my fools- 
cap, and began to write letters to saints and sin- 
ners, to comfort the sorrowing and warn the god- 
less. By and by I began to publish until I had 
more to do than mental or physical power could 

Providence had educated me in the seminary of 
suffering to be a pen-preacher. It is not the mis- 
sion of which my early life so charmingly 
dreamed, but it is the best I could do in my re- 
stricted circumstances. And God has conde- 
scended to bless uty humble service to many more 
soule than I could have reached if my original, 
self-concocted programme had been consummated. 
To add to the efficiency of my silent work, I nev- 
er let a letter go out,— and I write many thou- 
sands, — without some text on the envelope, pre- 
sented in a form to attract attention, so as, if God 
will, to induce some post-master, or other official 
in tho Postal Service, to " search the Scriptures," 
aud be led to eternal life. 

If you can do no more, make it a positive point 
to cook aud bake and eat and scrub and darn and 
speak aud smile and sacrifice and write letters 
with such a motive and sense of divine vocation, 
as if Jesus were visibly present to dictate and 
superintend all. Pray without 'ceasing, and al- 
ways in the Holy Ghost. 1 Thess. 5: 17; Jude 
20, 21. This will make your life sweet, strong, 
God-like, beautiful with all the fruits of the Holy 

LPa, ■ 

Union Depi 


the answer was, " Arise, go." But it is some- 
times necessary to "stand still, and see the sal- 1 to force their way into positions of trust and hon 


There are times in almost every life when 
some great sorrow settles down on the heart, and 
casts a shadow over the pathway. Few are the 
hearts that have not some secret sorrow. It may 
be of some neglected opportunity, or it may be 
some irreparable loss. 

The thought comes to me as I write, " What 
would a painting be without any shading, and 
what would our lives be without any shadows?" 

Earth has its sunshine, and its shadows, its dis- 
cipline and drill. Life has its sorrows and its 
joys, its brightness and its gloom. Time has its 
birthplace and its graves. Eternity has its resur- 
rection morning arched with a bow of heaven's 
eternal light. 

We all have our trials in this world, — the Chris- 
tian as well as the unconverted man or woman. 


But who shall separate the Christian from Hie love 
of Christ? Shall tribulations, or distress, or perse- 
cution? Nay, in all these things we are more than 
conquerors through him that loved us. Rom. S: 
37. If sorrow comes, and wo are bowed down in 
grief, what can lift the weight from the soul 
quicker than to bow ourselves at the feet of Je- 
sus, and aak him iu prayer to help us in our time 
of trouble! My unconverted readers, who are out 
in the cold world, are there no shadows out there; 
is your pathway not clouded? O pause, think, 
and ask yourselves the question: ""Whom am I 

Let me advise you to serve Satan no longer, for 
he promises what he never gives, — lasting pleas- 
ure, and gives what ha never promised,— everlast- 
ing pain. 

If our Father permits a trial to come, it is be- 
cause that is needful and beBt for our spiritual 
development, and we must accept it as from his 

The trial itself may be severe, and we may not 
like nor enjoy the suffering of it; but we can and 
must love the will of God in these trials, for his 
will is always best, whether in joy or sorrow. 
Job said, 'Shall we receive good at the hand of 
God, and shall we not receive evil?" Shall this 
life be one perpetual day without a cloud? Ah, 
no! it is reserved for heaven to be the land of day 
without night; of light without darkness. Oar 
meetness for heaven is finished in this vale of 
tears; our growth and development is to be con- 
summated in the eternal city of which "The 
Lamb is the light thereof." 

Disease may darken the vision of mortal sight, 
close the lips, still the pulse, and lay low these 
clay houses, but can go no further. Death was 
conquered in the tomb, and out of death's dark- 
ness we shall awake with spiritual vision uncloud- 
ed forever. 

Central City, Iowa. 


liY JAS. Y. HECKT. FA1. 

Part One. 

From time to time I read articles in the Mes- 
senger uuder the above heading, generally vary- 
ing some in their line of thought and argument, 
but they generally come to the same, or nearly 
the same conclusion by quoting some dark pas- 
sages of Scripture, which generally are not well 
understood, but are used to prop up their theory 
which has been derived from some other person, 
and by the time the article is finished, they have 
God a respecter of persons, and Christ at the 
head of the Jewish Kingdom. 

Now, if you will patiently hear me, I will show 
you that this is nu old theory and an improbable 
one, The apostles and early Christians had no 
idea that it would be a thousand or two thousand 
years until Christ would come again, and we do 
not know but what it may be a thousand or two 
thousand .years more until he does come. We 
positively know less about the future than they 
did, and but very little about the past. Our 
knowledge is very limited, indeed, very limited. 
The apostles and disciples of Christ thought he 
would restore the kingdom to Israel, (Luke 21: 
21) in the similitude of David's kingdom, not so 
much in his righteousness as in his power, while 
he was with them, and after his resurrection from 
the dead, they asked him, "Lord, wilt thou at 
this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" Acts 

You will see it was still the Jewish Kingdom. 
After his ascension into heaven, they had all 
things common, and were waiting for the second 
coming of Christ, and trying to convert as many 

Qnld, and the converts be- 
bat Christ would soon come to "restore 
the kingdom to Israel," and sold their | 
and brought the money to the apostles, because 
they expected that Christ would come, and un- 
doubtedly they thought they would hare no far- 
ther need of the money. 

Nov-- this was just an example of what we hear 
of occurring every few years at some place, ,. b re 
Borne party of AdventistSj believing that Christ 
will come at some specified time, give their money 
away. All this is only a repetition of what has 
often occurred before. The apostles and early 
Christians lived in Jerusalem for thirty or more 
years ye 1 , after the ascension of Christ, b 
the first fruits had been gathered into the churol 
at that place, the money did not flow into tht 
treasury so freely any more, and they became 
quite poor. After the terrible desolation of Jeru 
salem, by the Komau army, when the apostles 
were out in other parts of the world, they cecol 
looted that the Savior had told them that tluir 
city would be trodden down by the Gentiles until 
the times of the Gentiles should be fulfilled, and 
Luke inserted this declaration into his Gospel, 
The apostle Paul to the Romans (11; 25) refers 
to the same thing, but, it appears, he still haB the 
Jewish Kingdom in view. 

After Jerusalem was iu desolation, a heap of 
ruins, the early Christians believed that ChriBt 
would come to reign a thousand years in Jerusa- 
lem, that the "City would bo rebuilt with beauth 
ful architecture, and that Christ would reign as 
their immortal King in the New Jerusalem. The 
Jews had a tradition among themselves that the 
Messiah would como in the sixth chiliad, and 
they were looking for him when he did come, but 
they did not look for him to come as the lowly 

Now, according to the chronology of the Septu- 
agint, Josephu?, and other writers on chronology, 
Christ did come in the sixth chiliad, and wo are 
now already in the eighth chiliad, notwithstand 
ing our present chronology. 

In the year A. D. 127, the Emperor Adrian, to 
please the JewB, gave orders to rebuild Jerusalem. 
No sooner was this order granted than the Jews 
collected there in great numbers, and the City 
wa3 rebuilt with great expedition. At that time 
they accepted a false Messiah whose name was 
Cnziba, but who changed his namo to Baroch- 
ebas and titled himself "King of the Jews." 
No sooner had he done this than the Jews under 
their false Christ fell upon the Christians and 
other inhabitants of the cities and towns, and 
butchered them unmercifully. When the Em- 
peror Adrian, away over at Rome, got to hear of 
those things, he sent a large body of men against 
them, and, after a bloody conflict, which contin- 
ued about two years, in which over one hundred 
of their best towns were destroyed, with the loss 
of nearly six hundred thousand men in battle, the 
Jewish insurrection was quelled. Then all those 
Jews who yet remained, were, by a public decree, 
banished from tho country and forbidden ever to 
return. In A, D. 32t>, the Empress Helena, the 
aged mother of Constantino, visited Jerusalem 
and ordered churches and memorials to be built 
to those sacred places, for there were many nom- 
inal Christians residing there. 

Again, about the year A. D. 3G2, the Eoiperor 
Julian, the apostate, wishing to please tho Jews, 
gave orders that the temple in Jerusalem should 
be rebuilt. Extravagant preparations were made 
by the Jews who flocked together there for that 
purpose, and spades and pickaxes of silver were 
provided for the occasion. But an insulted Prov- 
idence did not suffer the work to proceed, for the 
workmen were scorched by the flames that issued 
out of tho earth, and drove them from their un- 

wise design. Jerusalem belonged to the ItoniauB 
until the Roman Empire went to pieces, when it 
was conquered by the Persians under Cosroes II., 
A. D. 6U. But, after u struggle of fourteen 
was agp.iu taken by a nominal Christian 
General, whOBO name was Heraclius. But it was 
again surrendered by the Patriaroh Saphronius to 
Caliph Omar, the Saracen Goneral, under the 
banner of Mahomet, A. D. 637, and tho Mosque 
of Omar was built in the reign of Caliph Abd-ol- 
Melek, between the years GSS and 003. By this 
time Popery had been established and the Chris- 
tian religion had lost its vitality. The Dark Ages 
had commenced. Notwithstanding the darkness 
of tho time*, the nominal Christians still believed 
that Christ would come to establish his kingdom 
iu Jerusalem, and it became not only a custom, 
but a duty for Christians to make pilgrimages to 
the Holy Land, to visit the sacred jiIrcpb there. 

As Christ had not come to establish his king- 
dom in Jerusalem, as it was believed he would by 
tho early Christians, ami as time passed on, there 
gradually arose an almost universal impression in 
the church, that in just one thousand years after 
the first advent of Christ, the world would como 
to an end, A certain historian Bays, "As the 
year 999 drew near its end, men almoBt hold their 
breath to watch tho result. For a whole genera- 
tion, all the pulpits in Christendom had been 
ringing with the text, Rev. 20: 1, 2, 3, notwith- 
standing tho emphatic declaration of Jesus, that 
not even tho angels in heaven know tho period of 
hia second coming. Through all the ages of the 
church individuals have been appearing who have 
fixed upon a particular year when Christ was to 
coma in clouds of glory. The year of our Lord 
999 waB one of very solemn import. There was a 
deep-seated impression throughout all Christen- 
dom that it was to be tho last year of time, and, 
indeed, all the signs in the heaven b above and on 
the earth beneath indicated that event. There 
way almost universal anarchy,— no law, no gov- 
ernment, no safety, anywhere. There were wars 
and rumors of wars. Sin abounded. There were 
awful famines, followed by the fearful train of 
pestilence and death. The land was left untilled. 
There was no motive to plant, when tho harvest 
could not be gathered. 

It will thus be seen how people can be in error 
and still be sincere in their belief, even in mat- 
ters of religion. They thought the end of time 
and the universal conflsgration were at hand, but 
they were mistaken. Nearly a hundred years lat- 
er, when another generation was living, Peter, the 
Hermit, arose and went around, preaching and 
prophesying that Christ would soon come to es- 
tablish his kingdom in Jerusalem; and, because 
that city was then in the hands of the infidels, as 
they called the Mohammedans, he preached up a 
Crusade, or Holy War, against the infidels, to . 
subdue them and to take the Holy City out of 
their hands. I suppose you have often read about 
the Crusades, and the great gatherings that were 
held with popes, prelates, cardinals and great 
men at the head of them, to inaugurate them, and 
therefore I will merely say that, after a fierce 
conflict, the Crusadeis took possession of Jerusa- 
lem in the year 1009, because they belioved that 
Christ would soon come. They held the City 
eighty-eight years, but in 1187 it was again taken 
under the banner of Mahomet, by Saladin, the 
Sultan of Egypt. Since then the City and coun- 
try have changed owners several times, but al- 
ways under the Koran; excepting that the City 
was taken by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1799, but 
was not held long by him. 

"An hour's industry will do more to produce 
cheerfulness, suppress vile humors, and relieve 
your affairs, than a month's moaning." 


Feb. 2, 1892. 



.. Is an,- sick among you? kt Mm co.11 for the elder, of the 
church; and let then, pray over him, anoint ng him „ llh oil 

In the name of Ihc Lord: and the prayer of faith shall save 
the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have 
committed sin., they shall he forgiven him."— James 5; 14, 15. 

Tbustino that I may be excused upon the 
grounds of the importance of a correct perception 
of the above Scripture, I wish to present some 
testimony, in addition to the several excellent 
articles that have recently been delivered through 
the columns of the Gospel Messenger, upon the_ 
subject of " Anointing the Sick." I 

That we do not all see it alike, is evident from 
the manner in which it has been treated by those 
writers who have given us their views. 

Inasmuch as the practice of anointing iB re- 
garded as one of our church tenets, it seems to me 
that it is quite important that we Bhould all see it 
alike, so that, when ministering in this Racred 
work, it shall be with the same object by all, and 
to all. , 

I am sometimes asked why we do not preach 
more in public upon this article of our faith. 
The question is an embarrassing one, and some- 
times very mortifying. Not long since, the above 
question was asked, and before a consistent reply 
could be framed, the querist replied, "You don't 
all see it alike, and that makes me think there is 
not much in it." 

I shall not attempt to discuss the subject here, 
further than to give my views, some reasons for 
them and some results, and kindly refer the read- 
er to those able articles, already published in de- 
fense of the same belief; except that I wish to 
present oue or two phases of the doctrine, that 
have not been noticed iu particular, by any who 
have written upon the anointing question. 

Now, whatever use or application has Bince 
been made of the Scripture, healing this arti- 
cle, one thing is quite plain to my mind, namely 
that when the Apostle James wrote this General" 
Kpistle to the church, he intended it to be used 
as a means of restoring the sick to health 

PleaBe notice that it was for the benefit of the 
sick, not those iu good health, or the dying, tnd 
I think about the only earthly benefit the sick 
could derive from this service, would be restora- 
tion to health, or, at least, mitigation of pain and 

Again, iu the declaration that "the Lord shall 
raise him up," I see a promise of restoration, up- 
on the condition, of course, that the directions are 
properly observed; and iu this the "prayer of 
faith" must not be lightly regarded. 

Query.— From what Bhall the " prayer of faith 

forgiven." This is the happiest thought of all. 
For, indeed, sin may have been the real cause of 
the sickness, or it may not. But if he have com- 
mitted sins, until he can realize that they have 
been forgiven, he may continue in that constantly 
failing condition; but let him feel the joy and 
comfort of full forgiveness, and recovery is a 
short work. This would be a case of "if he have 
committed sinB." 

But notice, the anointing was not for the sins, 
but for the sickness. Therefore it does not follow 
that one must have committed sins, in connection 
with, or in addition to, the sickness, in order to 
become a proper subject for the anointing. 
- It is sometimes asked, "Do you believe that 
those officials, set apart to the full ministry, and 
called elders, are meant by the term 'elders' in 
the text?" Yes, but we do not think that more 
than one is necessary in each " call." The apos- 
tle meant to place the responsibility of this work 
in the hands of the elders, and so directs the sick. 
He is addressing this epistle to the church at 
large; not to some local arm, and to the elderB of 
il« oeneral church this work is committed. 
uo .Jfore it is safe to presume that, in the Broth- 
erhood at large, there may be a number sick at 
the same time, and each calling a different elder, 
would be eWers called. Then they that are 
called may each call to their assistance a brother 
of lesser degre?. 

But it is urged that the word says elders. Yes, 
but sometimes it is possible to prove too much by 
the bare letter, for by that rule sick sisters would 
be deprived of this service altogether; because 
the "word" says, "Let him call," and "let them 
pray over him." " and if he have committed sins." 
Understanding the spirit of the letter, we all con- 
clude that him and he includes sisters as well as 
brethren, an I so it is with "the elders." The 
spirit of the word fimply gives the elders in gen. 
eral, charge or personal supervision of the work, 
so that each individual "call" may be attended to 
by an individual elder, with such assistance as 
iay be deemed good. 

In giving results, I must confine myself to but 
few cases, as I have not asked permission to use 
the names. Therefore a brief summary must 
suffice for the present. 

Looking back over a period of about twelve or 
fourteen years, I recall to mind not less than thir- 
teen cases of anointing, according to the forego- 
ing belief, in which every one of the afflicted ones 
recovered, excepting three, and one of that num- 
ber was a brother, about one hundred years old, 
whose mind was almost a blank. 

Coming down to recent dates, the circumstances 
of which are fresh in the minds of many, I will 
■efer the reader first to the case of sister Ger- 

stood; but they are resolved into these two essen- 
tials, viz., absolute faith in God, not only in his 
power, but his willingness,— his readiness to heal. 
Then there is onr own unreserved consent and 
willingness to give God all the credit, honor and 
glory, thus regarding ourselves as only instru- 
ments, subject to his divine will and absolute con- 

I now Bubmit these thoughts, in the fear of the 
Lord, to the judgment of the reader, trusting that 
they may assist in arriving at a uniform practice, 
one way or the other. 

Note.— Since this article was prepared for the 
press, the writer has read Bro. Noah Longaneck- 
er's "Kemarks on James 5: 14." (Vol. 30, No. 2, 
page 21.) I make this statement so that Bro. 
Longanecker may know that this article was not 
written with any reference to his " Remarks." 

La Porte, Ind. 

QuEitv.-From what shal the" prayer otattu ^ whose ^ 

save the sick? Not from hell unless, indeed it ™de A. 1^ toy ^ ^^ 

be a sin to be sick. Take notice, this anointing £™£ e * D ™ ™ ^ ^ a9> which is 

is for the benefit rf the .,,* arucg "my breth- ™^ Ble( l ^^eii^, ^^ „,!, . 

™ We co e u 6 ld "hardly suppose that the anointing simple statement of facts. 

service would save the sinner; it takes something In June of the same year (1891) we have the 

different to do that case o£ Father Dicke y. near New Troy ' Mlch " a 

But the sick can be saved from discouragement, man ninety-three years of age, and at that time 

from despair, and with unimpeachable faith, look supposed to be entering that mystic »lmc>M 

up to the Divine Healer. Hope is revived, lore death. His anointing took place in the evening 

follows as a natural sequence, - and the Lord shall and next morning he arose, dressed himself, and 

u " wa3 out walkin s abont tne door -y ard ' be£ore the 

""query -From whence shall the Lord raise him household was all astir. He continued well, and 
up? Not from the grave in the resurrection, for, Oct. 24 attended the love-feast riding abou eight 
indeed, all are to come forth thence, both good miles to reach it, in an open buggy. I will con- 
and bad, great and small, old and young, irre- elude this summary by adding the name of sister 
spective of "anointing with oil in the name of the DollieShreve, daughter of R. J. Shreve, of Wa- 
L P ord ,; teriord, La Porte Co., Ind., anointed in August 

Therefore it must have meant in the apostles' of 1891. 
time that the Lord would raise him up from his There are certain necessary conditions to be 
sickness, and restore to his ordinary health. observed, in order to realize the result* promised, 

"And if he have committed sins, they shall be | but I will not specify here, lest I be misunder- 



Comparing modern Christendom with the primi- 
tive church, one would think that the office of the 
Holy Spirit had been abolished, or, at least, great- 
ly diminished, so little, in comparison, do we hear 
or see of His relation to the church, or of His 
work in the hearts of believers. As a contrast to 
this, one cannot help being impressed with the 
immanence and power of that Holy Spirit in the 
apostolic narrative. There has been an evident 
weakening of onr hold upon the third person of 
the Blessed Trinity as a Divine Presence, a guide, 
a comforter, an illuminator of the "Word, a saving 
and sanctifying power. 

There seems to be a general disposition to 
underestimate these essential offices, and to 
underrate their power and importance in the 
church. Our Savior, in John 6; 63, and the 
Apostle Paul, in 2 Cor. 3: 6, expressly declared 
that the Spirit was the source and active agent of 
all spiritual life, yet we have apparently compelled 
Him to assume a secondary attitude, while we 
have exalted the letter, or human reason, or human 
will, or some other external substitute, — philo- 
sophical, ecclesiastical, or theological. 

Right views of Scriptural subjects can only be 
had by a faithful study of the Word, aside from 
prevailing prejudices and opinions. It is in this 
spirit, therefore, that we approach this important 
subjeot, hoping that it may be interesting and 

In discussing the offices of the Holy Spirit, we 
remark first that it has been and is the source of 
all spiritual light, and the active agent of Divine 
Revelation. These two statements may have been 
comprehended in one, as divine revelation is the 
source of spiritual light, or, rather, it is spiritual 
light itself. Revelation is the will of God, made 
known unto us by the Holy Spirit, but as the 
Holy Spirit is also God, it is equally, then, the 
will of the Holy Spirit. " Holy men of old spake 
as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." These 
were the credentials of the Old Testament rev- 
elation,— the evident and extraordinary Divine 
Presence, speaking with authority, using the 
consecrated mind and voice to utter things which, 
at the time they were spoken, were often far be- 
yond the reach of the human understanding of 
the prophet himself. 

But in a manner much more direct and astound- 
ing did this same Holy Spirit exercise its agency 
in the New Revelation, coming with visible sign 
and symbol of wisdom and power, as a mighty, 
rushing wind, and as a flaming fire, lifting its 
consecrated instruments far above the ordinary 
plane of human experience. 

But while thiB extraordinary gift of miracle 


power was a prominent feature of the Holy 
Spirit's presence in the apostolic church, it was 
not more prominent or more valued than the 
ordinary offices of the divine Paraclete, available 
to the church and to believers in all ages. We 
have more to do with these ordinary offices, as the 
extraordinary have been discontinued siuce Divine 
Revelation has been completed and established. 
There is danger that even the ordinary offices of 
the Holy Spirit may be, in a measure, discontinued 
through the very general indifference and unbelief 
which prevails on the subject, not to mention the 
open denial of one or two of the most prominent 
and most precious, which is now and then pro- 
claimed by the adherents of a certain school of 
so-called religious teaching. 

That the Holy Spirit was the animating agency 
of ancient prophecy, we have already seen, but 
that it was always to be peculiar to the prophets 
alone, is not true. Some of them possessed a 
larger measure of it than others, for this is one of 
the promioent facts in connection with this sub 
ject, that varying degrees of the Spirit were con 
ferred upon different men, some having more oi 
less than others. Among the prophets,* Moses, 
Elijah, and Isaiah had a larger measure than any 
of the others, but it was simply a measure which 
even these received. To One only was the Holy 
Spirit given "without measure" and that was He 
who received its dove-like symbol on his sacred 
head. He alone possessed all its boundless 
resources of wisdom, knowledge, power, and love. 
But out of the interesting history of the Spirit's 
operation, in the ages preceding the Gospel, shines 
a radiant promise that this divine gift, so exclusive- 
ly bestowed here and there, should, in the last 
days, be poured out upon "all flesh." 

It was to be one of the peculiar, distinguishing, 
and glorious features of the new dispensation, 
making it infinitely better than the first, by a wide 
diffusion of those gifts and blessings which, in 
the first, were confined to only a few. The begin- 
ning of this fulfillment was the astounding mira- 
cle of the Pentecost, when not simply one of the 
most prominent, or most favored, but every one, 
from the least to the greatest, who sat within that 
celebrated hall, wherein the primitive church was 
gathered, were filled, overwhelmed, and trans- 
formed by the invisible Power, and from whence 
they went out to transform the world. 

In his promise of this outpouring, our Savior 
mentioned several of its most important offices, as 
a "Comforter," a Guide "into all truth." He 
would bring to their remembrance all things 
which he, their Master, had said unto them. 
There were other important offices and gifts 
which the Spirit would bestow, such as a gift of 
tongueB, and the gift of miracles, but our Savior 
did not particularly specify them. He only men- 
tioned those offices which were adapted to meet a 
universal necessity, and would, therefore, remain 
with the church throughout all time. 

As long as humanity, as long as the church 
militant remains in this world of darkness and 
trouble, there will be urgent, imminent, pathetic 
need of an ever-present Divine Comforter and In- 
fallible Guide. Not that the Word is an insuffi- 
cient guide, but the Spirit is necessary to "bring 
it to remembrance," — to make timely and effect- 
ive application of it to our minds and hearts, and 
continually help our weak understanding. 

The evangelistic and apostolic writings abound 
with positive teaching of the personal indwelling 
of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of all true believ- 
ers. It is only necessary to cite a few pertinent 
quotations. It is the definite purpose of God to 
give his Holy Spirit to all his believing children: 
"If je then, being evil, know how to give good 
gifts unto your children; how much more shall 
your Heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to 

them that ask him?" Luke 11: 13. He even 
claims the body for his habitation: " Whatl know 
ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy 
Ghost, which ye have of God?" 1 Cor. 6: 19. 

Dwelling in us the Holy Ghost is our guide in 
the sense of helping our understanding of the 
Word, revealing truth to the mind, applying it to 
the heart, and disposing the will to submission 
and obedience. John 14: 20; 16: 13; 1 John 2:27. 
He is the Comforter, making us sensible of recon- 
ciliation and peace with God, through faith in the 
Lord Jesus Christ, and supporting us under man- 
ifold trials and afflictions, with abundaut aud 
seasonable inward consolations. John 14: 16, 2ti; 
15: 26; 16: 7; Acts 9: 31; Eom. 14: 17. Ho is the 
sanctifier, removing the dross of sin, and inspir- 
ing all holy desires aud affections, continually lift- 
ing up the heart to seek after God, 1 Thess 2: 
13; 1 Peter 1: 2. How could he guide, or comfort, 
or sanctify any one unless he dwelt in them as a 
personal presence and power? 

The universal need of guidance, instruction, 
consolation and sanctitication, and our total ina- 
bility to satisfy these needs, is proof, if proof 
were needed, of the universal application to the 
church of all these precious Scriptures. They 
are the priceless heritage of the saints until the 
end of time. No argument is needed by those 
who have tested the true Christian experience. 
The "joy of the Holy Ghost" is sufficiently con- 
vincing to all those who have realized it. Noth- 
ing could be more fatal to the spiritual life than 
that perversion of truth which is laid at the door 
of Campbellism, namely, that the Holy Spirit does 
not dwell in us in the sense of a guide, comforter, 
or sanctifier. Oar object is to warn the earnest 
disciples of Jesus against this dangerous error, 
and to awaken a livelier interest in our inherit- 
ance, through Christ, of the blessed Holy Spirit. 
Let us pray that, as individual Christians, and as 
churches, we may receive a more abundant meas- 
ure of this great gift, yea, that we may be " filled 
with the Holy Ghost! " 



"He that judgetli me is the Lo-d."— i Cor. 4:4. 

Do we realize how much there is in that short 
sentence? It haB been said tha', if the Lord is to 
judge us, it will go well with us, for they tell us 
that he is bo full of mercy that he will not con- 
demn us. But while it is all very true that the 
Lord is full of mercy and tender compassion, yet 
we must remember again that ho has said, "I 
judge no man. But the word that I have spoken, 
the same shall judge him in the last day." 

Now it seems necessary that we get this matter 
clearly before our minds. Jesus is represented to 
us in the Scriptures as being the judge of quick 
aud dead, and it is doubtless true that he is. Not- 
withstanding ho says, "I judga no man." He 
judges, not of himself, but by the words wnich he 
had previously spoken, and which, by the guid- 
ance of the Holy Ghost, were written in a book. 
Then, when the time for judgment shall have 
come, the books shall be opened, and what is 
found written in the book which we call the New 
Testament, will then be brought out, and will 
serve as bo many witnesses. For Jesus has said, 
and it is recorded in that book, that " this Gospel 
of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world 
fur a witness unto all nations; and then shall the 
end come." Matt. 24: 14. 

The order of things, then, seems to be some- 
thing like the following: Christ will be seated up- 
on the throne of his judgment, and before him the 
nations will be assembled. Being thus in readi- 
nesB, the nest thing in order will be to open the 

books. The books being opened, each individual 
will nest be summoned,— yes, we nnist all come, — 
for when we look into our book, we find that it 
reads thus: " For we must all appear before the 
judgment seat of Christ, that every one may re- 
ceive the thiugs done in his body, according to 
that he hath done, whether it be good or bad." 2 
Cor. 5; 10. Now we notice that each ono is to re- 
ceive the fruit, just after the kind of seed which 
that one has sown. Will there not be a good deal 
of anxiety just then about the kind of seed which 
we have sown? And O, what a joyful time that 
will be, when we shall hear the Judge say, " You 
are free, — the witnesses set you free." We are 
again reminded that the Record says, "If the- 
Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall bo 
free indeed." John 8; 116. glorious thought, 

happy hour! Shall it, can it ever be mine to 
enjoy? If Jesus says so, it can. Aud I kuow he 
will Bay it, if I have obeyed his Word. Christ 
has said, " Ye are my friends, if yo do whatsoever 

1 command yon." John 15: 14. Agaiu we read 
that he will say, "Friend, go up higher." Then 
the whole case will depend upon the life that we 
live while here. For we road agaiu, that " there is 
no work, nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, 
iu the grave whither thou goest." Eccl. 9: 10. 

But another question arises here in the minds 
of some. What shall become of the millions who 
have all mouldered back to dust? Wo will call 
the revelator to the stand, and ho will answer tho 
question. He says, " And I saw tho dead, Binall 
and great, staud before God; aud the books wero 
opened, eic " Not, only the dead who were buried 
in the earth are included in this, for ho further 
says, "Aud the sea gave up tho dead which were 
in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead 
which were in them, and they were judged every 
man according to their works," Rov. 20: 12, 13. 
Now we have the testimony abundant that all 
must come to judgment, and that each one must 
be judged according to his or her own life and 
character. Then each of us can readily adopt the 
language of Paul, as given at the head of this ar- 
ticle, and say, "He that judgeth me is the Lord." 
If we shall hoar him say, "Depart from me, all ye 
workers of iniquity, we will then realize what 
Watts meant in the following lines: 

" O wretched state of deep despair, 
To see my God remove, 
And fix my doleful station, where 
I must not taste his love," 

Why will not all obey the Lord, and be saved 

McPkcrson, Kans. 

(To be Continued.) 


We overheard some parsons speaking of a poor 
woman who had recently lost her husband, and 
one of them, after drawing a picture of the sad lot 
of the woman who was left with several small 
children, said: " I pity her from the bottom of 
my heart." We wonder if such pity as that ever 
did any good. That is not the right place for 
pity to come from. Pity that comes from the bot- 
tom of the heart is Dot as good as pity that 
comes from the bottom of the pocket-book. True 
pity helps. We do not deny that pity is a beauti- 
ful word on humaD lips, or a beautiful feeling in 
the human heart, but the sentiment for the un- 
fortunate poor that takes the shape of a dollar is 
truer than that which takes the form of a tear. 
How are we to know that people have pity? By 
their words or their deeds? Pity that ends in 
charity, in assistance, that finds the way to the 
pocket, is real, genuine, true. No one doubts 
that. But pity that comes only from the bottom 
of the heart does not come from the right place. 


Feb. 2, 18<J2. 

Missionary and Tract Work Department 

"Upon tbc first day ol the week, 
let every one ol you lay by him In 
■tore is God bath prospered him, 
that there be no gatherings when I 

i :. heart, in 

grudgingly or 
Lord loveth i 

an according lo nil ability." " Every OIK 
"Everyman, according at hi Qurpoicth 
"For il then i e in I a willing mind, 
» h.ilk, and not according 

God hath pros- 

his html, so let 
Is accepted according 
l„ I,., i), not 

Organization of Missionary Gomnjittee. 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
Gjm-kn 11 Roybr, Seen tai 

McPhcrson, Kans, 

Ml. Morris, III 

- Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 


S. Buck, Set 

tary and Treasure 

Egr-All donations I ruled l"i Mission.,, V Work should I" icul 1 

G « i H D, Roybr, mi. Morris, III. 

t»-AII money lor Tract Work should be sent to S. BOCK, Daytoi 

|3r-Moncymftybcscntby Money Order, Registered Letter, or Dral 
on New York or Chicago. Do mil scud personal checks, or dialls on i 

terloi towns, aa it cede 15 cents locollei i them, 

^-Solicitors are requested to faithfully carry out tbc plan ■ I ' 

electing, that all , imucni be colli Ited to contribute at least twice 

year lor the Mission and Tract Work ol the Church. 

g»-Notcs lor the Endowment Fund can be bad by writing to the Se 
rotary ul ciihcr Work. 



Practical Questions on Lesson X 

1. Wheu did Herod die? 

2. In what year, in reality, Bhovdd wo be now 

3. By which Herod was John beheaded? 

4. Which one was in Jerusalem at the time of 
Christ'B death? 

5. Which Herod was it who slew James? 

6. Which was the Herod before whom Paul 

7. Name the Herods. 

Lesson XI — Queries. 

i. In Gal. a: 9 we sec- a separation among the apostles as to 
their fields ol labor. Paul and Barnabas to the heathen, and 
Peter, James and John lo the circumcision. Now, was it In- 
tended that those who believed ni.d were baptized, from 
among the Jews, should constitute one church, say of the 
same city or town wlh those who had come in from among 
the heathen? If so, how arc we to overcome the prejudice 
recognized in their agreement lo separate In their work? 
And If each was to be held or allowed a separate organization, 
how could they be one body, and be 1c* by one spirit? See 
Eph. 4:4? 

2. Please explain or define the condition named in 1 Cor. 
14: 14 where one's spirit is said lo pray, but the understanding 
is unfruitful. How can one's spirit pray in an unk 
tongue, without understanding what he says, and edifying 

in the way was to! 

tiles could come i oto the Christian elroroh with- 
out circumcision. Much of Pad's vritii 
upon this particular point. It no doubt 
forbearance on the part of both Jew and Gentile, 
where they mingled together in the tame cliv.rch. 
This is recognized by Pen! in Kowaue 11. This 
same spirit is recognized by our Brotherhood in 
the case of the whit ■ an 1 i ilot id races. 

Farther we i Paul writ the i hurclt of 

Oorinth, ami again to the Thessalonians. Tie 
llevelator writes to the seven churches, saying, the 
church of hpbesun, Sardie, Philadelphia, otc. 
They do not say churches, indicating by this that 
all in one town or city were one ohurch. 

2. The apoBtle seems to be contrasting speaking 
with tongues, with Bpeaking iu a tougue that oth- 
ers understand. By reading 1 Cor. 14, — the 
whole chapter,— we see this clearly. A man 
might pray with the spirit, but others would not 
understand him; hence, so far as others were con- 
cerned, it would be unfruitful. In 1 Cor. It): 14, 
Paul says, "I would rather speak five words with 
my understanding that by my voice 1 might teach 
others, than ten thousand words in an unknown 

Again it might be possible for a man to repeat 
a set form of prayer, even in an unknown tongue, 
where his own understanding would not be m it. 
In this way it would be unfruitful. I believe 
there is entirely too much praying done that 
might come under a similar head,— the praying 
without fully realizing what wo are praying, or 
why. The Lord's Prayer is repeated thousands 
o£, times by persons who do not really mean one- 
half that they say, and often pray for what they 
do not want. 

3. "How to p 
good works." Provoke, iu this sense, means stir 
up. We can stir up one another to love- and good 
works in many ways, but probably the best and 
most practical way is to be right active ourselves, 
in good works, and showing our love for others. 
McPherson, Kans. 

y elder of the church would solicit deposits, or 
i the opportunity logive 
prospered them, by adopting a 
plan for this purpose, as required by Annuol 
Meeting. He (hat layeth up treasures in heaven, 
liti". il where froward children can not squander 
it, where it will not take wings, and fly away. 



" Lilt up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are 
white already to harvest."— John 4 : 35. 

Tuese words were spoken by Christ eighteen 
hundred years ago, and though many generations 
have lived and died, they still come ringing in our 
oars with the same earnestness as when they were 
first spoken. "Lift up your eyes," but do not 
look alone at the fky, for in so doing you may not 
perceive the millions that are starving for the 
Bread of Life. Look around at the golden grain 
that is ripe already to harvest. The bright morn- 
ing hours are swiftly passing away and the night 
is coming when no mBn can work. 

The harvest field ib great. It extends to the 
uttermost parts of the earth. Do not sit at ease 
with folded arms, because you think you can not 
preach. There is work, for the most unskillful 
hand, and the weakest will find it if they will only 
look around. Over the great ocean, in foreign 
lands, thousands are groping in the darkness, 
who have never heard the Gospel's joyful sound. 
But it is not alone in the old world that the 
Gospel is needed, but here, in our dear native 
land, right by our own doors, are souls deep in 
snares of sin. Their Bible may lay on the shelf 
oke one another to love and | till it is covered with dust, — they do not seem to 
that it is the most blessed book that was 
ever written, and that it contains the words of life 
eternal. Might we not kindly admonish them to 
accept the teachings of Jesus, to attend divine 
service, and, more than all, let them see by our 
luily walk that there is more true happiness in 
following in the footBteps of Christ than in 
groveling in Bin? Though we can not go to 
Africa, India or any foreign land, to preach to the 
unenlightened millions, yet we can give our mite 
to seud missionaries, to tell them of a Savior's 
dying love and our prayers can ascend to the 
" Throne" of our " Great King." From his exalt- 
ed habitation he will listen to our humble cry. 
Let us improve the time while it is given to us, 
and not wait till the grave claims us as a victim, 
and we are compelled to meet Christ empty- 


3. How 

= 4.) 


and good 

1. While the special fields of labor were differ- 
ent, we find, (1) that Peter was the firBt to open 
the door to the Gentiles; (2) Paul aud Barnabas al- 
ways seemed to go to the synagogue first when they 
arrived in a city, thus preaching to the Jews al- 
bo. At Antioch, Piuidin aud Icouiam, Acts 13 au.l 
14, it seeniB that the Gentiles and Jews were both 
present, and some of both believed; (3) the troub- 
le at Antioch, which occasioned the great council 
at Jerusalem, was not from the fact that there was 
prejudice among the members, or that the Jews 
objected to the Gentries receiving the Gospel, but 
the Jews of Judea simply thought the Gentiles 
should be circumcised, which error was set right 
by the council at Jerusalem. Long before this 
time, the Jews made proselytes from among the 
utiles, and when a Gentilo submitted to 

It is a good thing to have a good bank account, 
money laid up for future use or to meet present 
necessities, but it is a better thing, a thousand 
times over, to have treasures laid up iu the bank 
of heaven. A penny here is n small matter, as a 
bank deposit, but up there it counts, in value, 
equal to diamonds, when it goes in as a deposit 
from a poor child of God, backed up by a love for 

Just think of it! Three young sisters, quite 
recently, at one time, gave twenty-on9 dollars for 
church purposes, two-thirds of it for missionary 
work, and they gave it out of their living, as they 
work by the week for what they have or give 
away. It looks plain to mo that such souls are 
going to be millionaires in heaven, while I fear 
some of the rich here will find they aro victims of 
bankruptcy up above. 

The devil got in his forgeries bo well that 
everything goes into Mb pious hands. Men of 
broad acres here, aud a soft seat at church to sit 
in and nod, may wake up in judgment to find 
things pretty uncomfortable. 

I would like to see the spirit of missionary 
purposes get under the purse strings, like a wedge 
and burst them asunder. I am inclined to think 
the missionary bank is a savings institution, that 
will never close its doors to its depositors. Bank 
tellers aa well as cashiers are responsible officers 


Go Christian, bear the precious see 
Tire seed of trulh and love, 

Go tell the lost by word and deed 
Of him who pleads above. 

Nora, Ohio. 

cumcision, he attended the feasts at Jerusalem and upon their attention to duty depends the 
and worshiped with the Jews. All tlmt seemed ' snccesB of the institution. What a good thing, if 



" Life is real, life is earnest, 
And the grave is not its goal." 

This thought did not originate from nothing, or 
create itself in the mind which gave it to a think- 
ing world, but was simply the conclusion follow- 
ing a study of the origin, value, and purpose of 

Earnestness is an intense desire of the soul, 
accompanied by a full appreciation of the object 
desired, and a strong determination to attain to it, 
regardless of all opposing forces. 

All ages of the world's history have been rich 
in living examples of the earnestness and real 
meaning of life. 

God, the Source and Author of life haB blessed 


Feb. 2, 1892. 



us, the rising generation, with examples of meu 
from the creation of tho world to the present time, 
who, having found the purpose for which they 
were created, made it their life-work to attain to 
that end, glorifying God in their lives, for ever; 
thought and deed was given in earnest, and the 
purpose being a noble one, the results must be 
equally ennobling. 

To be thoroughly in earnest, wo must first 
fully comprehend the responsibility and import- 
ance of the work we are to eugage in. Abel wsb 
in earnest when he offered to God the gift, so 
acceptable, yet the offeriug of it and its accept- 
ance, cost him his life. Noah realized the 
responsibility of his work, and breathed forth the 
earnestness of his soul in those last antediluvian 

Though Moses tremble! at fir3t .-if. the magni- 
tude of tho work, to which God called him, yet, 
never doubting God's power to strengthen him, 
he became interested and earnest, and was enabled 
to lead the Children of Isreal out of the land of 
Egypt, against all opposing elements. Lot was iu 
earnest, when he went about the wicked city, 
warning the inmates of impending clanger, and 
though his work was ineffectual, he had done his 
part, and will receive his reward. 

John the Baptist was in earnest in fulfilling his 
mission of preparing the way for the Light of the 

Paul, that zealous apostle, was the very embodi- 
ment of earnestness and devotion, from his con- 
version to his death. 

O, the depth of meaning in the monuments 
which these noble men have left behind them for 
the benefit of the world! All had great trials to 
contend with; Abel, the bitterness of a jealous 
brother; Noah, the scorn and derision of an 
unbelieving world; Moses, all the opposition which 
King Pharaoh and his army could invent; Lot, 
the wickedness and hard-heartedness of his own 
family; John, the darkness and ignorance of the 
time; and Paul, all manner of afflictions, and even 
martyrdom at last; yet all felt that God was then- 
All in all, and soul, mind, and strength, went to 
fulfill the mission he had given them to do. 

Dear young fellow-soldiers, how are we profit- 
ing by these bright examples? Do we ponder 
daily upon the great purpose of life, the 
opportunities to be improved, the great responsi- 
bility of our own missions, and the influence we 
are wielding upon tho3e around us, or did we 
accept Christianity under a sudden impulse, and 
have we ever since been trying to live a Christi 
life simply because our associates are in t 
church? Have we been acting from motive rath- 
er than principle? 

Are we often carried away, by the frivolities of 
our youthful natures, or are we so thoroughly 
earnest, intent on being a true, model Christian, at 
all times, that we can bo happy only when think- 
ing on those things, mentioned in Philpp. 4:8? 

In the work in which we are engaged temporal- 
ly, we often ask ourselves these questions eolemn- 
ly at night: How many wrong or false impres- 
sions have my looks, thoughts, words, or actions, 
made this day upon the tender minds, and confid- 
ing hearts in our care? Then we almost tremble 
at the thought of answering some day for all the 
wrong impressions made, and for duty undone; 
but then this thought invariably comes to us: 

" Tis working with our heart and soul. 
That makes our duty pleasure." 

We feel that so long as we are truly in earnest, 
we cannot fail to do what God requires of us, and 
the rest he will take care of. 

If earnestness is so important in temporal 
things, it is vastly more important in spiritual 
things. Let us then, who have put our hands to 
the Gospel plow, not turn back. "Though the 

plowshare cut through the flowers of 1L. 
fountains, though it pass o'er the graves of the 
dead, and the hearts of the living, it is the 
the Lord, uud his mercy endureth forever." 



The popular religious belief of to-day, re-acting 
from the grave danger of substituting the form 
for the spirit, has encountered what is, perhaps, 
no less a danger, namely, forgetting that all spirit 
must have form. That many evils ate likely to 
result from this inclination, is apparent to some 
of the world's deepest religions thinkers. 

Before discarding an established usage it is wise 
to consider, as far as possible, the advantages in the 
line of its purpose; especially so when tho prac- 
tice is of divine .-.,< , „| recognizes the 
great importance of demonstration iu the work of 
evangelizing the world, and, therefore, has ap- 
pointed special ways by which our spiritual rela- 
tions to each other and to him should be mani- 
fested. Not only has ho designated the manner 
by which these relations are to bo made known, 
but this manner is their natural mode of expres- 
sion. By natural mode of expression, I mean 
that method to which all humanity would most 
likely attach, instinctively, the same meaning. 
All the ceremonies, enjoined upon us, in the Now 
Testament Scriptures, are of this nature. Being 
of this character, should their careful observance 
not demand our favor? 

It is strange that those forms, which illustrate 
spiritual relations the most clearly, should be se- 
verely ridiculed by popular so called Christianity. 
Among these forms are, 

(1) Feet- washing. — a practice most suggestive 
of humility or servitude. How many blessings 
follow humility J 

(2) The salutation of the holy kiss, — the most 
natural token of love, which is greater than either 
faith or hope. 1 Cor. 13: 13. 

(3) Non-conformity to the world,— suggesting a 
mind not of the world. Other examples might be 
given, but these will suffice. 

The value of the Gospel ordinances, in tho en- 
larging of our Christian influence, may bo clearly 
seen. Not only do wo thus show by our works 
that we have "the faith once delivered to the 
saints," but we are indeed made "epistles, known 
and read of all men." 

Wo cannot rightly discard usage, which, iu ad- 
dition to enhancing our own spiritual growth, is tt 
means of adding strength to missionary work, 
neither let us confine to privacy frcm the world 
that which may do good in public. Our nature, 
as shown by those God appointed means, reveals 
to the world the nalure of the kingdom of God. 
Thereby every clild of God is made an "embas- 
sador for Christ," and he can easily preach the 
Good News,— nay, he cannot, help it. 


Dn. Csbus Hamlin has told in a five-minute 
i he came to be a missionary. He said: 
"In the vast majority of' cases missionaries are 
made by the influence of the family. My wid- 
owed mother made me a missionary. She had me 
read every Sunday out of the Panopltit, and then 
later out of the Missionary Herald. We had, in 
those days, in our town a missionary contribution 
box, a cent box, and we were encouraged to earn 
some special cents for that box. I remember well 
one occasion which was, I think, a turning-point 
in my experience. 

When the fall muster came, every boy had a 
pocketful of cents to spend. My mother gave me 

Mini cents, faying, as she gave them, 'Perhaps 
yoc will put a cent or two in the contribution box 
iu Mrs. Farrar's porch on the common.' So I be- 
gan lo think as I went along, Shall I put in one 
or shall it be two? Then I thought two cents was 
pretty small, aud I came up to three,— three cents 
for the heathen and four cents for gingerbread; 
but that did not sound right, did not satisfy me, 
so 1 turned it the other way, and said four cents 
Bhall go for the heathen. Then, I thought, tho 
boys mil ask me how much I have to spend, and 
three cents is rather too small a sum to talk about. 
'Hang it, all,' I said, 'I'll put tho whole in.' So 
iu it. all went. When I told my mother some 
years after that I was going to be a missionary, 
she broke down aud said, 'I have always expecteil 
it.' " — Missionary Review. 


A MINISTER, very fond of fishing, when away on 
his vacation, often tried to persuade his wife lo 
join him iu a day's sport, but without success. 
She could see no pleasure in it. At last, one day, 
to please him, Bhe went. He prepared for her a 
rod aud line, and a carefully-baited hook. She 
had not held the rod long before it began to shako 
aud bend, and after great excitement she lauded 
a pickerel weighing five and three-quarters pounds. 

The minister says that since that time it has 
been a iliMeult task for him to go fishing often 
enough to satisfy his wife. Many Christians havo 
little zeal in trying to win others to follow Christ, 
but if, in a Bingle ease, they could taste the joy of 
success, they would be enthusiastic winners of 
souls. It is sometimes a greater service to help o 
brother into successful work for others than even 
to save a soul from death. 

"How prone we are to think that we belong 
where wo want to be, instead of thinking that we 
ought to want to' bo where we belong? If our in- 
clinations and supposed interests point in one di- 
rection, it is quite likely to seem to us that this is 
the direction of our duty. But if our duty seems 
to point iu nu opposite direction from our desires 
and our immediate gain, we are hardly ready to 
admit that the best place in the world for us is the 
place that we shrink from. We wish that our du- 
ty could lie in the direction of our wishes, instead 
of wishing that our wishes could go out in the di- 
rection of ou r duty. 

The Gospel jyiessengen 

works. Regeneration of tlic hc.irl ;,n.l juind. b nilton by Trine Immersion 

'■''■> !■ ■■' " t" the r.-ccpllon of [lie Holy Ghost by the laying 

I hand , are the means of adoption Into the household of God,— the 

It also maintains that Feet-washing, as taught in John 13, both by ex- 
ample and command Of Jesus, should he observed In the church. 

That the Lord's Supper, Instituted by Christ and as universally ob- 
served by the apostles and the early Christians, Is a lull meal, and, In 
with the Communion, should be taken In the evening or after 

. rl.jse ul the day. 

That the Salutation ol the Holy Kiss, or Kiss ol Charity. Is binding 

I 11,, 

■ spirit .mil sell-il'jiiyiiii: 

That the Scriptural duty ol Anointing the Sick with Oil. In the Name 

..I .Iu- Lord, J.inies ': 1 1. is binding upon all Christians. 

It also advocates the church's duty to support Missionary and Tract 
Work, thus giving to the Lord lor the spread of the Gospel and lor the Christ and the apostles have en- 

1 .in'. I upon 11.. aims, amid the conflicting theories and 
nio.k-rn Christendom, to point out ground that all must concede to be In- 
fallibly safe. 

tyThe above principles oi our Fraternity are set forjh 
on our " Brethren's Envelopes." Usetrfeml Price, is cents 
per package; 40 cent* per hundred. 


Feb. ?, 1892. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 
The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

D. L. MILLER, EdUor - 

J. H. MOORE, Office Editor. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, | .... Associate Editors. 

J. G. Rover, I 

JOSEPH AMICK, Business Manager. 

.A, Hiii 

, Dai 


tyCominiJtiic.itii.iia I'n j.iililU.itl'T. should lit- legibly written 
black ink on ono side of the paper only. Do not attempt to Intcrlit 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

(^-Anonymous communications will not be published. 

t^-Do not mix business with articles lor publication. Keep 
communications on separate sheets Irom all business. 

tyTlmc Is precious. We always have time to attend to buslnes 
to answer questions ol Importance, but please do not subject us to 
lessanswciingol letters. 

gy The Messenger Is mailed each week to all subscribers. II tl 
dress Is correctly entered on our list, the paper 
whom It is addressed. II you do 

ISrVJhen changing your address, please give your former as well as 
your fntnro address in lull, so as to avoid delay and misunderstanding. 

rf Always remit to the office Ironi which you order your goods, no 
matter Ironi where you receive them. 

•y Do not send personal checks or drafts on Interior banks, unless you 
send with them 2i cents each, to pay lor collection. 

f^-Kcmlttanccs should be made by Post-office Money Order, Drafts 
on New York, Philadelphia or Chicago, or Kev.islcreil Letters, made p.iy- 
,1.1, .iii.l .i.l. in |. i i„- Hi i tin hi':. I' liinn ( v., Mimrl Munis, 111.." 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co.. Huntingdon, Pa." 

rry"Entered at the Post-office at Mount Morris, 111., as second-class 

Mount Morriii, 111., 

In answer to many inquiring friends wo will 
state that sister D. L Miller's health iB slowly im- 

oving, anil her condition is real encouraging 
considering what she has passed through during 
her recent trip. _^ __ 

An ancient wise man taught, "In allthy getting, 
get wisdom." This grand aim is now well nigh 
lost sight of, for the great effort to-day in getting 
is to get money, and many are not very careful how 
they get it cither. 

Bbo. John Zuck, of Iowa, spent a few days 
with us last week on his return from Chicago, 
where he had been to confer with the railroad 
men concerning reduced rates for those attending 
the next Annual Meeting. While nothing defi- 
nite has been arranged, and will not likely be un- 
til March, still the prospects for reduced rates 
seem to be quite encouraging. 

In one of his private letters Bro. Balsbaugh 
lys: "Milk is good for babes; and some, perhaps 
the majority, never get beyond the fluid dietary 
of the spiritual state. But strong meat must not 
be withheld, even if there are but few that relish 
1 Cor. 3: 2. Bich, concentrated spiritual ali- 
ment is for the few. This is not to our credit, but 
a fact nevertheless. Heb. 5: 11-14. In onr 
preaching and writing we must seek to accommo- 
date ourselves to the capacities of all. 2 Tim. 2: 
15. I try, in every article, to offer a bottle of milk 
for babeB, and a charger of 'the deep things of 
God' for those who live above the senses. As 
soon as we fully commit ourselves to the invisible 
and trust God for the impossible we are ready for 
the strongest meat ou Christ's table." 

Bbo. Jacob Delp, of Yellow Creek, 111., is to 
commeuce a series of meetings at Naperville, Feb. 
5. A cordial invitation is extended to all others. 

Mdch church news that we would like to have 
published thiB week must lay over till the next is- 
sue. We will do our utmost to make room for all 
of it. 

Bbo. S. A. Walkeb writes that Bro. Jacob Wit- 
more, of Missouri, is engaged in a series of meet- 
ings in the Seneca church, Ohio, with quite a 
good interest. ^^ . 

We have been informed by the Secretaries that 
recently the endowment funds of the Book and 
Tract Work and the General Missionary Commit- 
tee each received 1*85.50 from sister Lydia Miller 
(deceased), of Ligonier, Pa. 

Rome was shaken by a slight earthquake shock 
the night, of the 23rd inst., producing considerable 
excitement, but causing no serious damages. 
Some of the people were so frightened that they 
remaiued in the streets all night. 

Conoebning the District Meeting for Middle 
Missouri Bro. John W. Brooks again writes, say- 
ing, "I wrote you last week to publish time of 
holding our District Meeting, Feb. 25. I find I 
made a mistake in the time. It should have been 
Feb. 18 for District Meeting, and 17 for the M; 
isterial Meeting. Will you please make the 
change?" Those interested will make a note of 

this change. 

One of our ministers writes us that after spend- 
ing some time in the mission field, he returned 
homo to prepare for the winter. His wife went 
into the field and helped him two weeks in husk- 
ing corn. This is a zeal that deserveB encourage- 
ment, and should put to shame those who are will- 
ing to spend neither time nor money for the 
spread of the Gospel. But we regret indeed that 
the wife of a minister must go into the field and 
work, in order that her husband may devote his 
time to preaching. There ought to be another 
way of helping the preacher along, and there will 
be when the burdens are properly divided. 

Some of the Brethren, we are informed, are of 
the impression that the Hymn Book Committee, 
appointed by the Annual Meeting -two years ago, 
was authorized to prepare a new Hymn Book. 
Any one who will examine the Minutes for 1890 
will see that the committee was appointed for the 
purpose of taking into consideration certain pa- 
pers calling for a revision of our Hymn Book and 
report at the Meeting of 1891. The committee 
made its report to the last Annual Meeting, and 
that report was deferred till the next Annual 
Meeting, when it will likely be acted upon. Should 
the Meeting adopt tho report, it will then become 
necessary to appoint a committee for the purpose 
of collecting the hymns and preparing tne book, 
but the present committee has no authority what- 
ever to do more than what it has already done. 

Bro. James B. Gish is still hard at work in Ar- 
kansas, with a zeal that is indeed commendable. 

He now wants four preachers and three deacons 

to enter the field and help build up churches in 

that State. His call deserves special attention. 

We will find space for his communication in next 


The people in this locality have never before 

experienced such a general visitation of -Ln 

Grippe, as we have passed through during the 

last few weeks. Nearly every family in the town 

has Buffered more or less, and yet no death haB 

occurred among us on account of the disease. For 

this we feel truly thankful indeed. It now Beems 

that the disease has passed its worst stage here 
and our people will soon be permitted to go about 
their duties again. It interfered some with our 
meetings and the Bible Term. This is to be re- 
gretted, but is ono of the things that cannot be ; Thursday morning we 

We are in receipt of a properly-addresBed pos- 
tal card from Ohio, that is absolutely blank. We 
have heard of persons forgetting to address a card 
after it was written, but this is the first inBtauce, 
in our experience, of any forgetting to write his 
message. If the mail sacks could talk, they might 
tell some amusing stories. And while we are on 
this subject, we may ae well state that we have on 
hand a number of obituaries and marriage notices 
minus the writers' names. Some of them have 
neither date nor place. We frequently receive 
from ohurcheB reports having the same onrifsions. 
Mistakes of this character may account for the 
non-appearauce of some notices sent in for publi- 
cation. „„„_„,^-— „ 

When we went to press last week we had hopes 
that Bro. B. H. Miller would be able to leave his 

room inside of a few days, but he took a relapse, 

and at the present time is quite sick, with much 

less prospects of getting well than we like to re- 
port. His wife is now with him and everything 

possible is being done to make him comfortable. 

He called for the elders and was anointed. His 

sickuesB has not only deprived many of hearing 

the series of discourses that we all had expected 

to enjoy, and perhapB publish for the benefit of 

our readers, but it has cast a gloom over this com- 
munity that is keenly felt. And while we do most 

earnestly pray for his recovery, still we have our 

fears that he may not have strength enough left 

to regain health. His age is very much against 

him. He is at the residence of Bro. J. G. Boyer, 

where he is receiving all possible attention and 

the very best of care. As we go to press 

that he rested well I stances will please 

One of our western brethren writeB us Baying 
he cannot understand why some of those who do 
much preaching for our Btrong churches, do not 
come west and preach for the isolated members. 
It should be borne in mind that many of our 
preachers are poor, all of them must work for a 
living in some way, and therefore are not finan- 
cially able to perform the work required in these 
localities where isolated members live. Their 
families must live, and then it takes money to 
travel, and very few of our ministers have more 
fair living. All of these isolated points 
should be looked after by the District Mission 
Boards, and if these boards cannot respond to all 
the calls, let them apply to the General Mission 
Board for assistance, and they will be almost sure 
to receive aid. By all means ought each Stats Dis- 
trict to have an evangelist whose duty it would be 
to look after all of these calls. We need in the 
field more preachers who can devote time to this 

class of work. __ 

We have received from a dozen or more sources 
an item that has been going the rounds of the 
press, concerning Bro. Peter Forney baptizing a 
sister at Vinton, Iowa, against her entreaties, 
while in a delicate state of health. The report 
states that the sister was completely prostrated 
and might not recover. We are in receipt of a 
letter from Bro. Forney, showing that the affair 
was misrepresented, accompanied by a statement, 
signed by the sister herself, and others, stating 
that the Bister baptized slept soundly and sweetly 
all that night after being baptized, without pain 
or ache, put out a washing the next day, and 
moved several miles to Vinton. It is also stated 
that she has not been sick one hour since. We 
presume this will be sufficient to satisfy our read- 
ers who have repeatedly requested us to say some- 
thing about the affair. The reports sent over the 
country have by no means been to our credit, and 
we do greatly regret that a matter of the kind 
should be so much exaggerated. Those who 
have been writing Bro. Forney about the circum- 
cept the above statement as 


! ast night, and seeinB to be improving very slowly. [ a sufficient answer to their inquiries. 

Feb. 2, 1892. 





Number Seventeen.— An Important Question. 
In No. 12 of this series of letters, published in 
the Messenger Dec. 8, 1891, reference was made 
to the tombs of Rachel, Jacob's besMoved wife, 
and her illustrious son who, in everything but in 
name, ruled for some years in the land of Egypt. 
We give below an extract from the letter in ques- 

I close -this letter with a digression, suggested by the last 
paragraph. Jacob was buried in the tomb of his fathers, 
Abraham and Isaac. Gen. 50: 13. There also Sarah, Re- 
bekah and Leah were buried. Gen. 49: 31. Why was it that 
Rachel, Jacob's best beloved wife, was buried over by the way 
as you go to Bethlehem, not more than twelve miles from the 
family tomb at Hebron, while Joseph, his best beloved and 
most Illustrious son, is entombed within a mile of Jacob's well, 
nearShechem? We visited these places when in Palestine, 
and the question naturally suggests itself, Why were these 
two excluded from the family burying-ground? This ques- 
tion has suggested itself to others, and the following answer 

May this not be a silent, though strong, protect against po- 
lygamy which was practiced at that time? Notice that Sa- 
rah was Abraham's first and only legal wife. She sleeps her 
last sleep with the father of the faithful. Isaac and his one 
legal wife rest in the same tomb. Jacob and his first wife, 
Leah, not the one he loved best, however, lay side by side in 
the same family burial-place, while Rachel and her great son 
were laid by the wayside. It seems to us that this Is a striking 
protest against a plurality of wives, as only the first wife was 
legally bound to her husband by the law of God. She only 
could receive admission to the tomb of her husband. The 
Bible does not teach polygamy ; it simply records the fact that 
It was practiced and allowed because of the hardness of the 
hearts of the Israelites. The Master fully explains the origi- 
nal marriage law in the following words: " Have ye not read, 
that he which made them at the beginning, made them male 
and female, and said, "For this cause shall a man leave father 
and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall 
be one flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain but one 
flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man 
put asunder." Matt. 19:4-6. 

Several of our readers have written us in regard 
to the suggestions contained in the foregoing ex- 
tract. Naturally, a number of queries are sug- 
gested which show a marked sympathy for Rachel, 
the wife whom Jacob loved best, and of repug- 
nance at the duplicity of Laban who deceived the 
young lover and gave him Leah instead of Rachel. 
Hence the question arises as to whether Leah 
really was Jacob's legal wife, as well as the other 
query as to why God permitted tJie practice of 
polygamy amoDg the patriarchs. Instead of giv- 
ing onr readers a further account of our wander- 
ings in this letter, we will turn it to a brief consid- 
eration of these and other questions involved. 

All Bible readers are acquainted with the fact 
that the practice of polygamy was quite common 
among the people in Old Testament times, and 
to some it seems strange that even a record of this 
evil should be given in the Bible. Some one aBks, 
Why is it that the Bible gives such a full record 
of the polygamous practices of the patriarchs and 
the kings of Israel? The answer to this question 
is not hard to find. The Bible, written by inspir- 
ation, is the Book of Truth. It gives not only the 
bright side of human nature but the dark side as 
well. It sets down the sins and weaknesses of 
such men as Aaron, Moses, Eli, David, Solomon 
and Peter. It is a truthful record and gives the 
facts. It was not written as men write books. 
Had it been the work of human agency, many of 
the dark sins committed by men who weie count- 
ed among God's servants, would have been omit- 
ted. The deception practiced by Jacob and La- 
ban, the weakness of Moses and Eli, the sins of 
David and Solomon, the betrayal of Christ by Pe- 

ter, and even the dispute between Paul aud Bar- 
nabas which became so serious that they sepa- 
rated, are given in all of their details, and these 
are only evidences of the truth of the Book. 

In looking at these facta we must not fall iuto 
the too common error that because we have a de- 
tailed record of the evil«hi the lives of the Bible 
characters that, therefore, God looked with allow- 
ance upon such things, that, because some of the 
men of the Bible did these things, therefore there 
cannot be 90 much evil in them. No one, who is 
acquainted with the Bible and is searching for the 
truth, will make such a claim. The Mormons, to 
give some excuse to their practice, assert this 
claim, but they might as well cite the slayiDg of 

I the Egyptian by Moses, as an excuse for murder. 

J In all ages of the world men have violated God's 

I laws just na they are violating them to-day. The 
first great law of marriage was violated in the old- 
en time just as it is being violated to-day. Polyg- 

: amy is practiced to-day under the cover of the di- 
vorce laws of our States, which are a disgrace to 
civilization, just as it was practiced in violation of 
God's law eversince sin came into the world. The 
same is true of murder; eversince Cain slew his 
brother, men have killed each other. But because 
of this can we say that God permits these things? 
His law stands against all evil, and he will most 
surely judge and punish all these sins. 

Take the Law of God as to marriage, set forth 
in the words of our Master: "Have ye not read, 
that he which made them at the beginning made 
them male and female, and said, For this cause 
shall a man leave his father and mother, and Bhall 
cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one 
flesh? Wherefore they are no more twain, but 
one flesh. What therefore God hath joined to- 
gether, let not man put asunder." This is God's 
law in regard to marriage. It was promulgated 
in the Garden of Eden, for in the very act of cre- 
ating man and woman, the one for the other, the 
Creator established the great law of monogamy, as 
against polygamy. Men may reason on this sub- 
ject and may, as did the Jews, secure, because of 
the hardness Of their hearts, "a writing of di- 
vorcement," but the eternal law of God stands 
against them, for "from the beginning it was not 
so." Shall we say because men to-day, as did the 
Jews, violate God's law that he permits these 
things? Surely such a claim would be unjust and 

In looking at this, as well as at all other great 
moral questions, we must not lose sight of the age 
and of the moral standardswhich prevailed at that 
time among the people. Ignorance, when it is 
unavoidable, may be offered as a partial excuse 
for violated law. In God's dealing with men there 
has been a gradual development from the lower to 
a higher standard of morality and of spiritual life. 
Our first parents occupied a very high plane. 
They were very close to God spiritually, so close 
that they walked and talked with him. Then 
came the fall and with it all of its terrible conse- 
quences. Sin and degradation, with the loss of 
spiritual life resulted. But the work of redemp- 
tion and restoration began. The call of Abraham, 
from an idolatrous nation followed, and the great 
plan of salvation, which was to find its culmina- 
tion in Jesus Christ and the cross was inaugurat- 
ed. Then came the law of Moses, which was far 
in advance of the morals of the age in which it 
was given. Its tendency was to bring men and 
women to a higher plane of morality and spiritu- 
ality, and thus bring them nearer to God. But it 

was not perfect. It served its purpose in prepar- 
ing the way for Christ, In this sense it wqb what 
Paul called it a school-master to bring ub to Christ. 
Then came the higher and the perfect law of the 
Gospel, which, if obeyed, brings to the human 
race all that was lost in Adam. 

It was the condition of the human race before 
the advent of Christ to which Paul refers in Acts 
17: 80, "And the times of this ignorance God 
winked at, but now commandeth all men every- 
where to repent." And again at Lystra, when the 
people, in their ignorance, would have done sac- 
rifice to Paul and Barnabas, the apostle, in his ef- 
forts to restrain them, pointed them to the God of 
heaven " who, in times past, suffered all nations to 
walk in their own ways." 

In looking at this subject we should not forget 
that God looked upon the sins of the world with 
long-suffering and forbearance; not that he con- 
doned evil, or that he permitted sin in the sense 
that he could look upon it with any degree of al- 
lowance. He saw the depths into which the race 
had fallen and had compassion upon them be- 
cause of their ignorance and helplessness. It was 
because of this, coupled with the hardness of 
heart, the result of ignorance, that MoBes gave the 
writing of divorcement, and in this light we must 
■view the polygamy of the patriarchs. 

But through all their polygamy they seem to 
have kept inviolate the sacred right of the first 
wife and to have retained the idea of God's first 
great law of marriage. There seems to have been 
a silent recognition of this great law, giving the 
first wife precedence over the others. This waB 
made apparent not only in the right accorded her 
of a last resting place in the sepulcher of the fa- 
thers, which was most highly prized, but also in 
the line of hereditary succession. Abraham had 
a number of wives but the line goes down through 
Isaac, the son of Sarah, his first wife, and this 
follows in like manner to Jacob, the son of Re- 
belcah, Isaac's legal wife, and again the same hon- 
or falls upon Judah, the son of Leah, Jacob's first 
wife. Thus the right of Leah is established to the 
title of wifehood under God's first law, for in the 
line of direct descent we have the house of David, 
and then, in the fullness of time, Jesus, the son of 
Mary. And the words of prophecy are thus ful- 
filled: " The sceptre shall not depart from Judah 
nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shi- 
loh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the 
people be." Gen, 49: 10. 

There are other phases of this question that 
press for consideration, but space forbids more at 
this time. As much as our sympathy goes out to 
the lonely grave by the highway, as you come to 
Bethlehem, intensified as it is by the sad words of 
the old patriarch, as he leaned on his staff, ready 
to be gathered to the tomb of his father, when his 
heart went back to the first love of his young man- 
hood and he said with so much tender pathos: 
"And as for me, when I came from Pad an, Ra- 
chel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, 
when yet there was but a little way to come to 
Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of 
Ephrath:the same is Bethlehem," yet we must 
accord to Leah the honor of wifehood according 
to God's law of marriage and of being remotely 
the mother of the line of royalty, of which, in due 
time, Christ was born. 

We learn through Bro. G. W. Fesler this week 
that a church has been organized eight miles east 
of Fort Collins, Colo. 



^-Church News solicited lor this Dep: 
good meeting, send a report ol It, sc 
In writing give name oi church, Co. 
Trnvcl should be as short ,v; pc^il,!' 
licltcd for this Department. We ha 

y and State. Be brie!. Notes c 
Land Advertisements arc not sc 
in advertising page, and, II uccci 

Denmark and Swc 

i Poor Fund. 

From Mt. Jackson, Montgomery Co,, Va. 

Bro. P. D. Eeed, of Limestone, Temi., began 
preaching at the above-named place, Dec. 13, 
preaching in all seven sermons. As a visible re- 
sult we had three applicants. He I hen went, to 
the Burnett school in Floyd County, and preached 
three sermons. By his efforts one came forward 
for membership. 

From there our brother went to the Reed 
school-house and preached two sermons. Next he 
went to the Pleasant Valley church, and preached 
two or throe sermons. As a result one came for- 
ward for membership. Bro. Reed also preached 
at other points, delivering, in nil, eighteen ser- 
mons. His labors wore highly appreciated. The 
brethren and sisters were nrged to press forward 
in the divine life, and sinners warned to flee the 
wrath to come. 

Dec. 23 two of the applicants, and one who had 
mado application quite awhile ago, were baptized 
in the beautiful, crystal stream, known as " Little 
River,"— the dividing line between the two Coun- 
ties, above referred to. H. M. Reed. 
Broad Shoals, Va., Jan. 1. 

The Closo of 1891. 

Chan. Allbright, West Lodi, Ohio,..S 

Solomon's Click church, Indiana, 

John li. Eairigh 

I church, Illinois, 

Napervillo church, lllir*s, 

D. Kilhefner and wife, Epbrata, Pa , 

B. A. Wyatt, Rogers, Ark , 

G. W. Teeter and wife, Centre, Ohio, 

" Two sietere," Sterling, 111 , 

Netlle Ol eek church, Indiana, 

Myia Forney and mother, Lanark, 111 , . . . 

A siBter 

South Waterloo church, Iowa, 

Monticello church, Indiana, 

IJ. S. T. Butterbaugh and wife, North 

Manchester, Iml, 

B. P. Peffley, GoBb™, Ind , 

Piii'' Cieek church, Indiana,.... 

Amos Shellabarger, Hex, Ohio, 

Children of I. O. Thompson, KeBiney, 


A brother and Bieter, Grreentown, Ind 

Wabash church, Indiana, 

G. W. Throne, Astoria, 111 

Salem church, Kansas, 

Centre View church, Missouri, 

A sister 

A brother, 

Mt. Pleasant church, Ind , 

German Settlement church, West Virginia, 

Walnut church, Indiana, 

J. H. aud Sarah J. Miller, 

A "brother, Nevada, Mo. 

Henry Balsbaugh, Harrisburg, Pa 

Cyrus Miller, Lanark, 111., 

D. J., G. B., E. B„ and Lida Koepper, aud 

J. B. Speicher, '. 

Jacob S. Line, wife, and a sift r, Polo, 111., 

Jesse Blickenstaff, Pyrmont, Ind., 

Panther Creek church, Illinois, 

Piue Creek church, Ind., — 

Myersdale church, Pennsylvania, 

Kansas Centre church, Kans., 

A. and Barbara Flory, Friedens, Va. 

Pleasant Hill and West Otter Creek 

churches, Illinois, .». 

A brother, 

English River church, Iowa, 

S D. Stouer, Ladoga, Ind 

Salimony church, Ind 

John H. StBger, 

C. Wirt, Lewistown, Minn, 

Mary J. Bnckwalter, Huntingdon, Ind., . . 

A sister, Missouri, 

Tobias Kimmel, Elderton, Pa , 


During the past year many changes were 
made,— some for the better, and some otherwise. 
We, as the Flat Rock church have been trying to ' 
comply with the request of Annual Meeting, and 
in some things we have succeeded, while in oth- 
ers we have failed. Wo are not where we should 
be in regard to the missionary caiiBo. We had a 
series of meetings, one at Cedar Grove, by D. F. 
Stonffer; one at Powder Springs, by S. N. McCaun, 
and one at the Old Flat Rock, by J. F. Driver. 
We call it "old," as it waj the first church built 
in this congregation. It is called "Flat Rock," 
because of the large, Hat rock ou which it stands. 
There is solid rock for several acres. It crops 
out, as I have never seen in all my travels. 

One mile north-east of the meeting-house stands 
yet the house where Annual Meeting was held in 
the upper room nearly one hundred years ago, so 
we are informed. Just think of the great change 
since then! We think of that event wheneve: 
pass that house. We think of the faithful Breth- 
ren that traveled on horseback and held that qui- 1 Enai7Kimuiel'Elderton,'Pa. 
et little Annual Meeting in the upper room. 

They did their work, but we also have a work 
to do, — a great work. It now looks as though 
some were little concerned about the work of the 
Lord, but we hope for better times to come. 

Daring the past year we had some deaths, but 
we also had a fair increase in membership. 

The Flat Rock church has three elders, live 
miuisters in the second degree, and seventeen 
deacons. We have thirteen places of regular 
meetingB, and at four meeting-houses we hold our 
feast twice each year. We have over three hun- 
dred members, and have a little branch church 
in West Virginia, which is under the care of the 
Flat Rock church. At that point there are two 
ministers, and one deacoo, but they have lost 
heavily by emigration and death. Our aged min- 
ister there has nearly nru his race, according to 
age, but he still works with zeal, and wall 
the mountain with greater energy than younger 
ministers. 0, that we might all work mo 
enter the new year! Let all work till Jesus 
comes I S. H. Mvebs. 

7 50 
1 00 
13 96 
7 22 

1 00 
5 00 

2 00 

2 00 
24 40 

5 00 


13 00 

13 00 

5 00 

3 00 
IS 00 

1 00 

11 55 

2 00 
7 42 

3 00 

2 00 

1 00 

3 25 
22 00 

2 20 

1 00 

2 00 
1 00 
5 00 

4 50 


Bettie Miller, Bridgewator, 

Nappanee church, Indiana 

J. T. Dobbins, Wolcott, Ind. 

Mound church, Missouri, 

Sarah Kuettle, Flora, Ind. 

Franklin Grove church, Illinois 

A brother, Pennsylvania 

Monitor church, Kansas 

Middle Fork church, Indiana, 

Belinda, Clara, and Aaron Wolf, 

A brother aud sister, Arkansas 

Botetourt church, Virginia 

Slate Creek church, Kansas, 

Anna Garver, Ragersville, Ohio 

Mollie Keiser, Warrensburg, Mo., 

Eden Valley church, Kanses, 

A. M. S., Lancaster, Pa, . , 

Washington Creek church, KausaB,. . . 

Children's Mission, per Mary Gibson,. 

A sister, Belsano, Pennsylvania 

A brother and sister, Claggett's, Md.,. 
| Bro. Bager, Hudson, 111., 

1 00 

13 55 

8 75 

14 10 

8 00 

2 00 

33 15 

1 00 

10 35 

5 00 

20 51 

3 50 

1 00 



4 00 

1 00 

I 00 

11 77 

1 00 

2 20 

Fairview church, Io 
Kingsley church and Suuday-school, Iowa, 20 00 
M^B. H. Cohill, Mt. Holly Springs, Pa., 1 00 
Moses and Mary A. Keefer, Greenwood, 

Nebraska, 10 00 

Florence Ort, Goodland, Kans 1 00 

Ncrth Solomon c'aurch, Kans,... 3 50 

J. W. Keeler and wife, Livingston, Iowa, . 5 00 

Black River church, Ohio, 6 00 

Upper Cumberland church, Pennsylvania, 29 75 

John Warner, Brooklyn, Iowa, 8 00 

A. Miller, Brooklyn, Iowa, 5 00 

Katie Miller, Brooklyn, Iowa 5 00 

Mary Miller, Brooklyn, Iowa 5 00 

Nicewander, Brooklyn, Iowa 1 00 

Pleasant View church, Kansas, 11 00 

New Haven church, Michigan, 10 02 

A well-wi6her, 2 00 

Samuel Hodges, Lowry's, Va., 2 00 

Sugar Ridge church, Ohio 18 00 

Yellow River church, Indiana 15 00 

Children of Yellow River church, Indiana, 2 54 

North Manchester church, Indiana 29 00 

'■ A sister," Fuuk6town, Md., 2 00 

Jane Arnold, Lanark, 111., 2 00 

Delina Webster, Ladoga, Ind., 1 00 

A sister, Stony Mau, Va 50 

A. Miller, Mexico, Ind., 2 50 

La Motte church, Illinois, 13 66 

James Glotfelty, Liberty ville, Iowa, 3 00 

Isaac Henricks, Virden, 111 2 00 

A sister, Nebraska 1 00 

Jacob Mitchel and wife, Saline City, Ind., 2 00 

Warrensburg church, Missouri, 8 00 

McPherson church, Kansas, 23 93 

A brother, Chicago, 1 00 

Walnut Creek church, Missouri, 4 00 

D. L. Martin, Mercersburg, Pa., 4 00 

A sister, Pennsylvania, 25 

A brother andjamily, Ind., 5 00 

Anna E. Light, Manheim, Pa,, 1 00 

J. D. Hochatedler, Chenoa, III, . . '. 1 50 

Mount Morris Sunday-school, Illinois, ... 19 44 

A friend, Iowa, 100 

Hatfield church, Pennsylvania, 29 50 

S. P. Frame, Des Arc, Missouri, 2 00 

Eliza Switzer, Iowa City, Iowa 1 00 

Samuel Funk, Hammond, 111., 10 00 

A. M. White, Famhamville, Iowa, 3 75 

Lizzie Kneppers, Quincy, Pa., 5 00 

Naperville church, Illinois 30 

George Bowser, Baders, 111., 1 00 

A. J. Kreps, MeVeytown, Pa. , 1 00 

Amanda Cassel, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

Kate Harley, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

S. H. Ca-sel and wife, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

Sarah Tyson, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

Sarah Harley, Pennsylvania 1 00 

J. K. Harley, PennBylvauia : 
Mrs. Fulmer, Pennsyl 

5 00 
77 00 

1 00 

14 33 

4 00 
200 00 

40 25 

15 00 

2 00 

3 32 
2 00 

5 00 
44 00 

, 1 00 
. 2 00 
, 1 00 

1 00 
1 00 

H. P. Moyer, Pennsylvania •. . 1 00 

1 00 

J. M. Price, Pennsylv 

Kate Clemens, Pennsylvania 50 

J. Y. Heckler, Pennsylvania, 50 

H. Tranter, Sho lis, Ind., 40 

Jacob Colauower, Elkhart, Ind., 1 00 

For the Master's sake, Nebraska 50 

G. W. Kephart, AHoona, Pa., 2 50 

A few members of Upper Stillwater, 

church, Ohio, 2 50 

Golden Spring church, Nebraska, 4 10 

A sister, Ephrata, Pennsylvania, 10 00 

Jacob Barrick, Byron, HI 5 00 

Geo. S. Rowland, Mouutviile, Pa., 4 70 

Jas. L. Yoder, Bellefontaine, Ohio 1 00 

Byers Loy, Green Spring, Pa., 1 00 

J. M. Replogle, Mexico, Ind 50 

Ella E. Late, Bennington, Kans 50 

Spring Run church, Pennsylvania, 22 85 

Mathias Linginfelter and wife, Canton, 111., 1 50 

Feb. 2, 1892. 



Rebecca Linginfelter, Canton, 111., 

Mrs. H. A. Stab.!, Gebbarfs, Pa. 

Nancy Martin, Mercersbnrg, Pa , . . . . 

South Keokuk cburcb, Iowa, 

Grundy Connty church, Iowa., 

David Bidinger, Accident, Md , 

Two sisters, Accident, Md 

Susan Rowland, Dallas Centre, Iowa, 

Reuben Zug, Schaefforstown, Pa 

Green Tree cburcb, Pennsylvania, 

Mary E. Leedy, Larwill, Ind , 

M. C. Czigans, Auburn, West Virginia, . . 

George Quicker, Mulberry, Pa., 

Katie Replogle, Farragut, Iowa, 

Btniua E. Kindig, Ouarga, 111 

John Rudy, Liscomb, Iowa, 

Mary Croft, Bradford, Ohio, 

A brother, Colorado, 

G. T., and Kate E. Leatherman, Burling- 
ton, West Virginia, 

Englisb River church, Iowa, 

Naonie Smouse, Pennsylvania 

Jos. B. Replogle, Pennsylvania, 

Sister B. S. Kindig, Benson, 111 

Levi Stump and wife, Ligonier, Ind., 

1 50 

1 00 

5 00 

7 25 

22 23 

5 00 

7 00 

1 00 

I 00 

15 00 

1 00 

3 50 

3 50 



5 55 


5 00 

5 00 

1 50 

1 00 


Impressions by the. Way. 

( Continued. ) 

Our short stay at Ephratah was made pleasant 
and profitable by the zeal of the members in the 
meeting then in progress. Here we were im- 
pressed by the convenient preparations for bap- 
tizing. Often has my heart been pained and the 
good cause hindered by the want of a proper place 
to administer the sacred rite. 1 Cor. 14: 40. 
Here they have a place walled in and steps lead- 
ing down to the running water. This is much 
more inviting than the mud and inconvenience we 
often encounter. It is not only in this, but in 
many things that the good work may be hindered 
by us not studying to show ourselves approved 

The preparation of the tables at the time of our 
love-feasts is often too carelessly done. Unsight- 
ly dishes, that would be rejected at our own homes, 
provoke levity and criticism by the world. Our 
children hear it, and obstacles are thns placed in 
their way of accepting Christ, by our own want of 

I suggest to all the practice of some of our 
churches, that a white cloth be spread over the 
prepared tables until after feet-washing. This 
cloth can -then be removed until after the eating 
of the Supper. Covering the table again after 
Supper, will put it in an inviting condition for the 
Communion. In this way the clearing of the ta- 
bles, which always destroys the solemnity of the 
meeting, is rendered unnecessary until after the 
services. To study what may be done in honor to 
God and for the promotion of his cause, is not on- 
ly a duty but is productive of much good. 

The Sunday-school at Ephratah, started by the 
efforts of a young sister, shows what may be done 
by individual efforts. Over one hundred are now 
in attendance and when we saw the aged veterans, 
as Eld. Samuel Harley, and others, encouraging 
the work by their aid and presence, we knew the 
reason why they are so successful. 

As a matter for improvement I suggest and 
hope that our Sunday-schools will adopt and use 
our own literature exclusively. Some outside 
help that is used is not only deficient in teaching 
the Truth, but deceptive in itB teaching. If we 
laetc anything to meet our wants in the line of 
helps, let us provide the same. 

The reading matter of our Sunday-schools and 
families will influence for good or evil. I am as- 
sociated with many families in my work, and the 
importance and usefulness of the Gospel Messen- 

ger is made very apparent to me. It is not only 
a medium of iustruction, but a creating power, in- 
citing an interest in the hearts and minds of our 
children for the church. It is a matter that 
should be second to none iu the minds of pro- 
fessed Christians. Our children are the twigs 
that soon shall bo the trees," and as they are culti- 
vated, the fruit will be. Eph. 4: 1. 

Isaac Fhantz, 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

From Sheridan, Mo. 

I have been preaching, hero in the Houey 
Creek church, iu North-western Missouri, for the 
past ten days. Owing to uupleasaut weather and 
bad roads, the congregations were not large, but 
the interest seems good. Some are counting the 
cost and are now almost persuaded, and are very 
near the kingdom. The Brethren are much re- 
vived, but e.xpre es a regret that they have not the 
necessary ministerial force to ably maintain the 
cause, and gather wandering sheep into the fold. 

I go this eveuing about six miles west, to the 
outskirts of the congregation, to labor for a while, 
where we will hold our meetings in a school-hou6e 
among the Brethren that could not attend, owing 
to bad roads and unpleasant weather. 

The weather here has been cold, and the mer- 
cury has been as low as 28 degrees below zero. I 
expect to work a while for the Whitesville church, 
Andrew Co., Mo., before I return home. 

Bro. Wm. Clark, who was so suddenly taken ill 
with La Grippe early in December, is slowly im- 
proving, but not yet able to get out of the house. 
This leaves me enjoying the beat of health, for 
which I am thankful. 

May God's blessings attend you all ! It is while 
on these trips that we learn to appreciate the val- 
ue of our paper. H. W. Striokler. 

Prom lordsburg;, Cal, 

This being my fifty-sixth " birthday," I thought 
I would use the columns of the Messenger as i 
medium through which to address its readers 
I have just been reading Bro. D. L. Miller's ex. 
planation, as to their trip in the East, etc. I felt 
both glad and disappointed,— glad because they 
were at their own home (for few persons know 
more of what that word home means than our dear 
brother and sister Miller). 

Then, again, I felt disappointed, to think that 
they were not permitted to carry into effect their 
desire and purpose, which prompted them to make 
the effort. The information which the Brother- 
hood would have obtained through that medium, 
would have been of inestimable value, but I feel 
like fully submitting to the directing hand of a 
kind Providence. I realize that we can much bet- 
ter afford to forego the pleasure of that knowledge, 
than to give up our brother and sister to the rava- 
ges of cholera. 

So I say " Amen " to what seems to have been 
the guiding of the hand of our Father in heaven. 
May we all ever yield to the movement of that 
hand, to lead in all things! 

I will next give some of my thoughts and expe- 
riences since I am in California. First I will say 
that the sins and temptations to which people 
are exposed here, do not differ very materially 
from those of other places, Their name is legion, 
however, and the persons who steer clear of all, or 
any of them, have great reason to be happy. A 
great many people come from the EaBt to this 
country, — each one prompted by some induce- 
ment which has been held out to him or her. 
Some seem to be fully satisfied with their findings 
here, while others find little or nothing suited to 
their ideas of things, Not a few come with the 

desire to find a place where they can enjoy better 
health, etc. Some of that class are well satisfied, 
and others are sadly disappointed. Some were 
prompted to come, because they understood there 
were no wind-storms here, but Dec. 10, 1801, took 
all of that idea out of them,— when they saw 
houses by the scores demolished, trees uprooted, 
and things turned up generally. 

When viewing the situation, after the storm 
was over, and seeing houses of various kinds 
which had been blown down, the thought oo- 
curred that the gale of the wind must havo been 
much stronger than I had realized at the time. 
(You know we don't take much note of wind in 
Kansas.) But when I came to examine the char- 
acter of the buildings, I found them to have been 
built iu a very temporary mauuer at first. They 
had built these houses a good deal like some peo- 
ple build their spiritual houses,— the outside 
looked fairly well, but inside they lacked the 
necessary braces, and so, when the storm came, 
destruction came upon them. 

But after all, I thought again, what good would 
the braoes and iuside supports do in a storm, if 
the outside were not solid? The final conclusion 
was, that we need a good inside, and have that 
well protected by a genuine outer finish, before 
we will be able to stand in the storm at the last 
day. The solid interior must be put up first, and 
then the outer,— either will be of little value with- 
out the other. 

If those who want it all outside, and such as 
seem to see nothing but the inside, could only 
meet on half-way ground, and get both, the outer 
and the inner all right, the world would be great- 
!y benefited by the result. Well, I suppose that 
is enough of that, for the present. 

Many very dear ones wish to know how the 
writer is getting along here on the Paoific Slope. 
I answer, that I am doing as well as I could rea- 
sonably exp8ct. There seems to be a call for the 
plain, simple truths of the Bible to be taught iu 
this country, as well as in the East. There is a 
vacuum in the needs of the human soul which 
cannot be fully satisfied with anything short of tho 
unadulterated Word of God. Hence the various 
organizations of a moral character, which, while 
they are good so far as they go, yet cannot fully 
meet the demands of the soul. I am as well as I 
have been for many years. The mildness of this 
climate suits me woll; I am preaching daily. Ad- 
dress me at Lordsburg, Cal , in care of Dr. S. S. 
Garst. A. Hutchison. 

Death of Eld. Jacob Beeghly. 

Jan. 11 we were called to the Markleysburg 
congregation, to pay the last tribute of respect to 
another aged and much esteemed veteran of the 

Bro. Jacob Beeghly, of Markleysburg, Fayette 
Co., Pa., was born July 18, 1808. At the age of 
twenty-two, Bro. Beeghly was married to Justina 
Horner. Soon after this union they, by mutual 
consent, united with the church in holy baptism. 
There were born unto them seven children, — one 
son, and six daughters. The son, Jeremiah 
Beeghly, is an elder in the church, and has charge 
of two congregations, — " Bear Creek " and " Ma- 
ple Grove," — in Garrett County, Md. Four 
daughters are still living. 

Bro. Beeghly was elected to the ministry about 
fifty years ago. I well remember of hearing my 
grandfather (Eld. Jacob M. Jhomas, deceased) 
speak of him and Bro. Beeghly traveling on horse- 
back over several Counties in West Virginia, 
Maryland and Pennsylvania, preachiDg to isolated 
members, and establishing churohes. 

Jan. 27, 1857, Justina, wife of Bro. Beeghly, 
departed this life, in a full hope of a blest immor- 


tality. 'Bro. Beeghly was twice married, the sec- 
ond time to Nancy Umbel, Aug. 11, 1857. She 
preceded him to eternity, Nov. 17, 1885. 

The latter years of his life were rendered some- 
what gloomy, on account of the loss of hie sight. 
He was sick only a few days previous to his death, 
and peacefully passed away Jan. 9, 1802, at the 
age of eighty. three years, live months, and twen- 
ty-one days. 

He was truly a good man, and respected by all 
who knew him, both in and out of the church. 
The funeral, conducted by the writer, was largely 
attended. The Lord will certainly bless the kind 
hands of those who so tenderly eared for him, 
during the last years of his life. May the chil- 
dren, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren live 
faithful in the cause of Christ! Yea, may we all 
live the life of the righteous, that when we come 
to lay down these tenements of clay, we may be 
received into the regions of eternal bliss! 

Jeremiah Thomas. 

Clifton Mills, W. Va. 

From Madison, Kans. 

Tiie Verdigris church held her council Dec. 6. 
Although there was some very unpleasant busi- 
ness before the meeting, yet we trust it was done 
in the fear of God. Though we sometimes feel 
discouraged, yet we should take courage to try 
harder, to attain to a greater degree of love. Let 
us pray for more of the spirit of Christ! Some- 
times we think we have not been dealt with justly, 
but, dear brethren, let us have a forgiving spirit 
and trust to the Lord for the rest! Then, we be. 
lieve, all will come right. 

On Sunday morning we had a social meeting, and 
fter that a children's meeting. I thiok theBe 
meetings are a great help to the cause. How well 
I remember the first children's meeting I ever at- 
tended! It was held about ten years ago, in a 
tent at Bro. Garber's, on Sunday morning. We 
were asked to take the front seats, and Bro. M. M. 
Eshelman talked to us of that better land. 

At our children's meeting Bro. Neher did the 
talking. We had preaching at 11 o'clock, and 
again in the evening. Bro. Frantz, of Fredonia, 
conducted the evening services, which closed our 
meetings. Though we bad no additions to the 
church, we believe much good was done. During 
the last year six young memberp, - five sisters and 
one brother, — have decided to walk no more with 
us. Our earnest prayer iB that they may see the 
error of their way and return ere it is too late! 
Mary Kester. 
Galesburg, Kans. 

From Mascot, Nebr. 

Perhaps a few items from the Sappy Creek 
church, Harlan Co., Nebr., will bo of interest to 
some. Our love-feast of Oct. 31 was a feast to the 
soul. Our elder, David Bechtelheimer, officiated. 
Bro. Wm. Jarboe, of Phillips County, Kansas, al- 
so did some good preaching for us. The order 
was excellent. Three were added to the church 
last Bummer by baptism. 

We are glad to read of so many good meetings 
in different parts of our Brotherhood, but what is 
the trouble in Nebraska? We do not read of very 
many protracted meetings. Bro. Bechtelheimer 
held a week's meeting in our church in Octobe: 

We have four appointments for preaohing. We There was a good interest throughout, but the 

meetings closed too soon. 

We need more preachers here in the West. 
Why. do not more come here? Land is cheap, the 
soil good, and laBt year we had a bountiful crop. 
We have a very fine winter so far, not much snow 
and not very much cold weather. If any of our 
ministering brethren travel on the B. & M. K, B , 
along the Republican Biver Valley, they should 
stop off at Oxford and give us some meetings. 
Notify the undersigned at Mascot, and he will 
eet you at Oxford. J. P. Nofziger. 

,ve meetings at the home echool-house on the 
first and third Sundays of every month. On Sun- 
day, Jan. 10, one was baptized. Thus, while we 
have troubles, we also have cause for rejoicing. 

Let us forget the things that are past, which 
cauBe grief to the saints in Christ, and let us press 
forward! Let us pray for that love that endureth 
all things and that never faileth! 

Jas. A. Stouder. 

Jan. IS. 

From Eglon, W. Va. 

On New Year's Day we began a Beries of meet- 
ings at the Maple Spring church. Bro. David J. 
Miller, from Upshur, W. Va., preached twice for 
us on that day. He also preached for us the next 
evening and on Sunday we had meeting three 
timeB. Bro. Miller's talk at the children's meet- 
ing was especially interesting. 

Jan. 4 one was baptized, and on the 10th fourlsouth to the Pop! 
more, all young in years. Parents were made to 
rejoice to see their children come to Christ. Jan. 
12 two more came out on the Lord's side. 

La Grippe taking hold of Bro. Miller about 
this time, he could not be with us for several 
meetings. During his absence our homo brethren 
preached for us. Our meetings closed Jan 
The brethren and Bisters were much built up and 
sinners were made to tremble. 

On Sunday, after the close of our meetings, four 

more were baptized, two who came out on the 

Lord's side at our series of meetings, and two who 

came that day. May they be a light to the world! 

Rachel Weimer. 

From the Highways and Hedge; 

From the Neosho Church, Kans. 

Bro. J. H. Neher and wife came to us Oct. 31. 
Bro. Neher preached for us the same evening; al- 
so each evening up to our love-feast, Nov. 7. At 
our feast about ninety members communed. Quite 
a number of brethren and sisters from adjoining 
churches were with us. Bro. Neher officiated. 

Dec. 5, at 4 A. M., I left Stuttgart for Forest 
City, the county-seat of St. Francis County, a dis- 
tance of about sixty miles. I arrived there in due 
time and, after waiting until the afternoon, was 
taken by a friend in his wagon about seven miles 
Grove school-house. There 
we had meeting the same evening; also next day 
and evening. Bro. P. B. Burnett was with me at 
the first meeting and then left for home, while I 
Btaid alone. Not a member was present, — not so 
much as one acquaintance. Not even my faithful 
wife, who so often shares with me the privations 
of mission work, could be there. Here we had 
six meetings. The attendance was rather small, 
but the attention good. 

I then went back to a place about six miles 
north of town, where I preached at the house of 
Bro. Burnett. Next evening, and Sunday at 
eleven, I preached about four miles west at 
place called Telico. Here I was met by some 
brethren from the vicinity of Palestine, who gave 
me a mule ride of about fifteen miles to the home 
of Bro. Aaron Sloniker, where I arrived late in 
the evening, very tired, but preached the same 
evening to a very attentive little congregation. I 
also preached the next evening. On Tuesday, 
Dec. 15, I left for home where, upon arrival, I 
found all well. The Lord be thanked for his pro- 
tecting care over us. Jas. R, Gish. 

A Debate. 

Arrangements are made for a public debate 
between Bro. G. A. Shamberger, of Esterly, La., 
and Eld. J. W. Bond (Methodist), of Glensted, 
Mo., to be held at Prairie View church, Morgan 
Co., Mo., to commence on Monday, Feb. 22, 1892, 
and continue six days. The following proposi- 
tions will be discussed: 

1. Water baptism is essential to the reinies'ion of 

the sins of the penitent believer. 

G. A. Shamberger affirms, 
J. W. Bond denies. 

2. The penitent sinner is justified (or par- 

doned) by faith only. 

J. W. Bond affirms, 

G. A, Shamberger denies. 

3. The washing of the saints' feet is an ordi- 

nance of the church, and should be ob- 
served by all Christians. 

G. A. Shamberger affirms, 
J, W. Bond denies. 
4„ Infants of believing parents are scriptural 
subjects for baptism. 

J. W. Bond affirms, 

G. A. Shamberger denies. 

5. Immersion is essential to Scriptural baptism, 

and, where' there is no immersion, there 

is no Scriptural baptism. 

G. A. Shamberger affirms, 
J. W. Bond denies. 

6. Pouring or sprinkling iB the Scriptural mode 

of baptism. J. W. Bond affirms, 

G. A. Shamberger denies. 
Those wishing to attend the debate will come 
on the Missouri Pacific R. R., to Tipton, then 
change cars for Fortuna, on a branch road run- 
ning to Versailles (train does not run on Sunday). 
The train, during the week, leaves Tipton about 
11 o'clock. By addressing the undersigned you 
will be met at Fortuna. 

By order of committee, 

Josiah Lehman. 
St Martin's Mo., Jan. 13. 

From the Rock Creek Church, Colo. 

On the evening of Dec. 10 we commenced a se- 
ries of meetings in the above church, conducted by 
our beloved father, Eld. J. S. Snowberger, of 
Holyoke, Colo., and Bro. D. H. Weaver, of Long- 
mont. These meetings were continued until the 
evening of Dec. 20. 

The evening of Dec. 12 we met at the home of 
friend Andrew Larick for love-feast exercises. 
We truly had a feast to the soul, and all felt that 
it was good to be there. We all felt that God's 
spirit was with us. The brethren gave us many 
words of comfort in their preaching, and both 
made many warm friends while among us. 
There were no accessions to the church, yet we 
think there was seed Bown that will bring forth 
fruit in due time. Last Saturday was our quar- 
terly council, and the meeting passed off very 
pleasantly. The principal business of the meet- 
ing was to make preparations for the erection of 
a house of worship We rejoiced to hear that we 
were to receive a donation of $200 from the Gen- 
eral Church Erection and Missionary Committee. 
We bless God that the great Brotherhood has 
formed Buch a plan to assist weak churches to 
build suitable houses of worship. We expect to 
build in the early spring, and hold our spring 
love-feast in the new house. We ask an interest 
in the prayers of all Gcd's children. 

A. C. Snowberger. 

Monie Vista, Colo., Dec. 21. 

" Belief is to admit as a truth, theories with- 
out investigation or requiring proof." 

Feb. 2, 1892. 



Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Lakeside, Ind.— The Winnimac church, Ind, is 
enjoying an interesting series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. L. M. Hahn. Thus far the meet- 
ings have resulted in one addition by baptism.— 
Oliver Capron. 

Saline Valley, Hans.— We commenced meetings at 
the Freedom school-house, Lincoln Co., Kans., on 
the outskirts of the Saline Valley church, on ' the 
evening of Dec. 22. Bro. Wm. Himes, of the 
Dorrance church, preached the first three even- 
ings, and then went home, the congregations be- 
ing rather small on account of not being properly 
announced. I then continued the meetings each 
evening until Jan. 3, with crowded houses, good 
interest, and the best of order. Part of the time 
they could not all get into the house. Some were 
much interested, but it seemed they could not get 
the full consent of their minds. Somebody will 
be responsible in the day of judgment.— L. W. 
Fitzwaier, Jan. 14. 

Rocklon, Iowa.— The Iowa Eiver church met in 
quarterly council Jan. 10. All business that 
came before the church was transacted in a kind 
and brotherly way. We are trying to work for 
the good of souls, and ask the prayers of God's 
faithful ones, that we may do more work in God's 
service. Our church decided to hold a series of 
meetings, to be conducted by our home ministers. 
The meetings commenced on the evening of the 
tenth, and continued till the evening of the seven- 
teenth. Although we had no accessions, we do be- 
lieve that all who came went away with something 
to think upon. Our church decided to hold serv- 
ices every Sunday evening, alternately, at the 
stone church, and a school-house, about three and 
one-half miles north-west of the church.— Ellen 
Nicholson, Jan. 19. 

York, Pa.— The members of this place have just 
enjoyed an interesting series of meetings. Eld. 
D. F. Stouffer, of Benevola, Washington County, 
Md., came to us Jan. 5 and remained until the 
13th. During that time he preached nine ser- 
mons with more than his usual zeal and earnest- 
ness, and these meetings will long be remembered 
as among the best and most solemn we have ever 
had the privilege of enjoying. May we remember 
the kind words of encouragement and admoni- 
tion, and live more faithful, more consecrated, 
and more Christ-like, and finally meet in the 
many mansions. Although there were no acces- 
sions, we trust that many good and lasting im- 
presBionB were made, and that the good seed 
which was sown may bring forth good fruit in the 
future! — A. M. Brodbeck. 

Elmwood, Hebr.-The home ministers commenced 
a series of meetings Jan. :i at the Fair View 
school-honse. Bro. Jacob Ryan, after preaching 
four sermons, took sick. Bro. Jesse Y. Heckler 
then preached four more sermons, but had to 
close on account of other appointments. The 
best of order prevailed all through the meetings. 
The interest and attendauce were good.— J. J. 

Pleasant Drove, Kans.— Dec. 7 we commenced a se- 
ries of meetings, and continued them until the 
evening of Dec. 21. They were conducted by 
Bro. T. G. Winey, one of our home ministers. 
Two, as an immediate result, were persuaded to 
forsake the ranks of sin, and to join the army of 
the Lord. The one is an aged brother, the other 
a young sister. She was baptized on her six- 
teenth birthday. Others were almost persuaded, 
but decided to defer for the present— J. W. Ba- 
ker, Jan. 12. 

DcComo, Obio.-EId. Ed. Loomis commenced a 
series of meetings in the Sugar Eidge church, 
Hancock Co., Ohio, Deo. 13, and closed on the 
night of Dec. 27. During the twenty-six dis- 
courses that he delivered, marked attention was 
paid to the Word preached. We had no acces- 
sions to the church, but we hope that many good 
impressions were made. At this writing we have 
pleasant winter weather with some snow. Health 
is not so good here. La Grippe is prevailing in 
this vicinity and city.— D. W. C. Ran. 

Wallace, Hebr.-In M MiS „ B „ No. 50, ct last 
volume, Bro. Cornelius Kessler speaks of the 
great value of the "Biographical Sketches" by 
»i .lli M ° omaw - Vmmii me to suggest that 
these 'Sketches" be published in pamphlet form 
so that they may be preserved for future genera- 
tions.— J. K. Shirely. 

WhitJeld, Okie. - Bro. D. Bock; of Eidgeway, 
Ind., came to the Lower Miami church, Mont- 
gomery Co, Ohio, Deo, 26, and began a series of 
meetings, which he. continued until Jan. 1, when 
he was assisted by Bro. Holder, of Deweyville, 
Ohio. These brethren labored together until Dec. 
i, when Bro. Bock left for home. Bro. Holder 
continued the incetiugs until Jan. 10, and then 
closed, having delivered twenty-one sermons. 
The Brethren labored earnestly, and although 
there were no accessions, wo believe there were 
many good impressions made, and the church 
was much encouraged in the good cause. May the 
blessings of God rest upon our dear brethren who 
labored so zealously for us!— K, Hyer, Jan. in. 

Nocona, Texas.— The Nocona church, Texas, met 
in quarterly council Jan. 2, at the house of Eld. 
Abe Molsbee. All the business before the meet- 
ing was considered and disposed of apparently 
with the best of feelings. Wm. H. Hall and wife, 
having recently moved among us from Erath 
County, were received as members of this charge, 
though not by letter, as there was no organized 
body to give one. Sister Mary Hall was ap- 
pointed solicitor for District Mission Funds. It 
was decided that we continue the Sunday-school 
at the house of Eld. Abe Molsbee, for the next 
three months on Sunday afternoon. It has been 
held in Eld. H. Brubaker's house since it was too 
cold to hold it in the arbor. Sister Molsbee has 
been confined in bed with " La Grippe; " also one 
of her daughters. Bro. Joe Brubaker has been 
sick for some time. The weather for this climate 
has been the coldest we have experienced since in 
Texas.— A. J. Wine, Jan. 15. 

HcPherson, Kans.— The Monitor church met in 
quarterly council Dec. 31. All the business was 
transacted harmoniously, and the time passed 
plessantly. We much regretted that Bro. J. D. 
Trostle, our elder, could not be with us because of 
his afflictions, as we have learned to enjoy his lov- 
ing admonitions and councils. May God be with 
him in his trials! The two applicants previously 
reported, and one new applicant have been re- 
ceived by baptism since my last report. May they 
be faithful workers for the Master!— S. E. Lantz, 
Jan. 18. 

Linganore, Did.— On the evening of Jan. 2, Bro. 
Henry Light, of Lancaster, Pa, commenced a se- 
ries of meetings in the Locust Grove church, and 
continued until the 14th. The attendance was 
good, considering the inclement weather and La 
Grippe. Bro. Light is a very pleasant, interest- 
ing and instructive speaker, and does not shun to 
declare the whole Truth. Many deep and lasting 
impressions were made on both saint and sinner. 
As an immediate result of his labors, one dear 
young lamb was made willing to follow Christ, 
and others were "almost persuaded" May the 
Lord strengthen and encourage him, and bless his 
labors for good I— M aggie E. Ecker. 

Longmont, Colo. — According to previous arrange- 
ments the Brethren, now composing the Powder 
Valley church, eight miles east of Ft, Collins, 
Colo, met at the Caccus school-house Jan. 16, and 
effected an organization. All the members were 
present but three, but all expressed themselves 
aB being willing to labor for the upbuilding of the 
cause of Christ, and in harmony with the General 
Brotherhood. May the prayers of God's children 
go up in their behalf that they may grow in grace 
as well as in numbers. Feeling the need of offi- 
cial help, they elected Bro. D. M. Glick to the 
ministry, and brethren Samuel Pye and Samuel 
Glick to the office of deacon. All felt the great 
responsibility that is being placed upon them, 
and an nnusual solemnity prevailed. May they 
all be instruments in the hands of God for goodl 
Any good, faithful minister, wishing to enjoy the 
pure air of Colorado, might find it to his advan- 
tage to correspond with the above brethren at Ft. 
Collins, Colo.— 6?. W. Feeler. 

Salem, Okio.-Our meeting closed night before 
last. It was a very interesting one, and good at- 
tention was paid to the Word preached. Our 
large house was entirely filled the last night of 
our meeting. Many wore sorry that the meetings 
closed so soon. The home ministers conducted 
the meetings until the 12th, after which Bro. 
Daniel Snell, of Indiana, preached for us. As yet 
we have had no accessions to the church since our 
meetiogs. Our brother left for home yesterday. 
May the Lord go with him! Our missionary so- 
licitors, Bro. S. B. Christian and sister Christian, 
are making their semi-annual solicitation for the 
missionary cause. May the brethren and sisters 
contribute liberally to the good cauBel Our tract 
'icitore, Bro. and sister John Eiuehart have 
been soliciting for the Tract Work. Brethren 
and sisters, let us all be up to our duty, as we all 
have a work to do. Then, if we are faithful, wo 
will receive a crown at the end of our race.— Jesse 
K. Brumbaugh, Jan. 19. 

Pioneor, Obio. — On Saturday evening, Dec. 21, the 
members of the Silver Creek church, Williams 
Co, Ohio, commenced a series of meetings iu the 
Hickory Grove church, conducted by Bro. W. L. 
Desenberg. He preached at this place twenty- 
four sermons, we believe to the edification of all 
present. The weather was very inclement at the 
beginning of the meeting. On this account the 
attendance was not as large as it otherwise would 
have been. As the meeting progressed, and the 
the weather became more favorable, the meetings 
grew in interest nnd number until we had good 
congregations. During these meetings one dear 
soul said he was tired of sin and desired to cast 
his lot with the people of God. He was bap- 
tized according to the instructions given by our 
Savior. Although young in years we hope he 
may hold out faithful to the end. From here we 
went to the west end of our District, and com- 
menced meetings in the house owned by the 
Christian Union Society. As there are but few 
members living here, the doctrine, as understood 
and practiced by the Brethren, is somewhat new. 
Here our brother preached twenty-four ___ 
We never saw a more attentive people tha 
met at this place. Although the roads were very 
bad, the house was filled with people, eager to 
hear the Word preached in its purity. At this 
place there was one added to the church, an 
old brother, past his three score and ten years. 
Others were almost pf-rsuaded, and with tears 
flowing down their cheeks, they said we should 
come again and, like the Bereans, they are search- 
ing the Scriptures to see whether these things are 
so. Thus we see the old and young starting to- 
gether for the land of pure delight— J. W. Reiser. 



Feb. ?, 1892. 

IcPhcrson, Eans. — The very inter- 
esting daily exercises in the Bible 
Normal ami the instructive discours- 
es each evening at McPherson Col- 
lege are not the only enjoyable feat- 
ures. A deep religions feeling is 
pervading the. school. One student 
was baptized on Sunday, Jan. 17, 
and two more made application on 
the evening of the same day.— S. Z. 

Allen, Pa.— Bio. Stoufier commenced 
meetings at Baker's meeting-house 
in the Lower Cumberland church, 
Dec. 8. He preached one week, and 
at times had large audiences. His 
family taking sick, he was called 
home. Bro. Stover came Dec. 17, 
and stayed till the 26th. Ho made a 
good impression. He spoke so plain, 
that all could understand him.— Jes- 
se B. Asper. 

Sterling, 111.— We commenced some 
meetings in the Sterling church Jan. 
9, aud continued them Until Jan. 17. 
During this time brethren D. Dier- 
dorff, of Franklin Grove, 111., and 
John Eisenbise, of Morrill, Kans., 
helped along the work by giving us 
some acceptable preaching. Two 
were added to the church and there 
is one more applicant May the 
good work go on! -P. R. Kellner, 
Jan. IS. 

Palling Springs, Pa.— Bro. S. E. Zug, 
of Mastersonville, Lancaster Co., Pa., 
came to u3 on the evening of Jan. 4 
and remained until Sunday evening. 
Owing to sickness he left for home 
on Tuesday morning. "We were sor- 
ry he could not remain longer with 
us, as was intended when he came. 
"While there was no increase in num- 
bers during our meetings, we trust 
there was an increase of holiness. — 
Wm. C. Koontz. 

Home, Okie.— To-day, Jan 16, Ika 
members of the Borne congregation 
convened at their central church- 
house in council. The business of 
the meeting was satisfactorily dis- 
posed of. The spirit manifested in 
the work waB commendable. Contri- 
butions to the General Mission and 
Trar-t Work amounted to eighteen 
dollars We also appointed the time 
for our Communion meeting, which 
will occur May 28 —Moggie A. Dick- 
ey, Alvada, Oho. 

Epuratah, Pa.— Bro. Jacob Longa 
necker, from Lebanon County, Pa. 
came to us Dec. i, and commenced a 
Beries of meetings in the Springville 
house. Bro. Jacob preached, in all, 
ten evenings. He brings foi th sound 
doctrine in a sure and steady way. 
The meetings resulted in one appli- 
cant for baptism aud one to follow. 
Bro. Isaac Frantz, from Ohio, passed 
through our place lately and gave us 
one excellent sermon in the Ephra- 
tah house te a large congregation. 
Bro- Frantz is a fluent speaker. He 
should be kept in the mission field. 
Bro. Daniel Landis, from Cumber- 
land County, Pa , gave us a Bhort vis- 
it and held three meetings for us in 
the Ephratah house.- J. R. Royer. 


| MORRIS— In the Sand Brook church, N 
J., Jan. 7, 1S92, Nelson D. Morris, aged 5: 

Tie Miracles -I Missions. By A. T. Pierson, 
D. D. (Editor of " The Missionary Review 
of the World " ) limo, 193 pp., clolh, gilt 

; paper, 35 

New York. 
Funk and Wagnalls 

London, and 

Is !■ anv wonder, can we douht lhat God 
has put the cpecial seal of his power upon 
the work of these devoted men and women? 
This book tells of some of the signs— the mir- 
acles—wrought by the Almighty, testifying 
his presence in the labors of the consecrated 
men and women of the mission fields. Dr. 
Pierson, who is the author of the book, and is 
editor of "The Missionary Review of the 
World," and who is now occupying the pulpit 
of C. H. Spurgeon, in London, during the 
:enceofMr. Spurgeon, is eminently 
able to present these " miracles 
who are specially interested in missions will 
welcome this book as a giver of strength when 
at Umes the heart faiieth ; as a bringer of light, 
when the darkness coineth, and as a glorious 
witness of the truth of the Master's words: 
" Behold, I am with j ou, even unto the end 
of the world." 

The Pastor's Heady Reference Record of Sun- 
day Services f.,r Fifty Tears. By Rev. 
Wm. D. Grant. Large Quarto, over 100 
pp. Cloth, $1 to. New York, London, 
and Toronto: Funk & Wagnalls Company. 
The matter of keeping a ready reference 
I record of Sunday services has proven, though 
a comparatively limplesuhjei 

BLOCHER— DELP.— At the home of the 
bride's parents, Jan. 17, 1S92, Bro. Daniel J. 
Blocher, of North Manchester, Ind , 
sister Addle S. Delp, of Yellow Creek, 
Stephenson County, 111. 


LEHMAN — COPELAND.- At the resi- 
dence of the undersigned, De 
Mr. J. H. Lehman and Miss Esther Cope 
land, all of Williams County, Ohl 

B. F. Sholty. 

LOWRY— STAIRS.— At the residence of 
the undersigned, Dec. 31, 1891, Amos Hr 
bert Lowry and Anna L. Stairs, both of 
Scotdale, Westmoreland Co., Pa 
Isaiah C.J 
STRAYER— LICHTY.-At the residence 
of the bride's parents, Jan. 6, 1892, by the 
undersigned, Mr. W. B. Strayer and Miss 
May Lichty, both of Rockwell City, Kans 

G. M.Tl 

HUTCHINSON— LEE.— At the residence 
of Wm. H. Lee, in the Sappy Creek church, 
by the undersigned, Mr M. L. Hutchinson 
id Miss E. C. Lee, both of Harlan Coun- 
-, Nebr. J. P- Nofz 

McCAULEY— WISEMAN.— At the bride's 
parents, in Randolph County, W. Va., by 
the undesigned, Nov. 24, 1S91, D. G. Mc- 
Cauley and Melissa L. Wiseman, both of 
Randolph County. B. F. Satterfikld. 

STINEBAUGH — REIFF.— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, Dec 31, 1891, 
by the undersigned, Bro. James G. Stine- 
baugh and sister Mary E. Reiff, both of 
Carroll County, Ind. D. A. Hufford. 


ily pi 

.vide i 


Avery, Eo.— The Spring Branch 
church has been having some very 
pleasant meetings. On ChristmaB 
Day Bro. M. T. Baer began preach- 
ing for ns, and continued until the 
next Tuesday, when Bro. Israel 
Cripe came among us and continued 
the meetings until Jan. 10. As an 
immediate result, five dear ones en- 
tered the service of the Master. 
May the Lord help them to prove 
faithful! Others, we feel, were al- 
most persuaded. Oh, may they not 
put it off until it is too late! The 
members were also much encouraged 
and strengthened. We thank the 
Brethren for their labors among us. 
May the Lord reward them!— R. S. 

,-aluable plan has been 
to the large army of pastors need- 
one, and the pi overbial " long-felt want " 
been the result. Why? Simply because 
right idea has been lacking in those who 
-e attempted to fill it. The one great de- 
sideratum to an inventor in his study and 
;ress in his pursuit of success is to avoid 
plications, superabundance of factors or 
of paits, and to obtain simplicity, practicabil- 
ity, usefulness, merit, and value. As a rule, 

, these features are the most difficult 
to attain, and generally come only at the last, 
after a considerable expenditure of time and 
monev in pulling down and remodeling; each 
time coming nearer to that practical simp] 
ity which matks the genius of all the most 
valuable of mojern inventions. 

There is now no doubt but that the easy, 
practical, and lasting plan for keeping " A 
Ready Reference Record of Sunday Services 
for Fifty Years," provided by Rev. Wm. D. 
Grant, of South Bergen Reformed Church, 
Jersey City, N. J., is destined to adoption by 
the majority of pastors in this country, as 
meeting all the requirements of a successful 
method. The volume is of excellent paper, 
bound in substantial cloth. The author's 
plan was submitted to a number of pastors, 
and immediately received congratulations as 
having supplied just what has so long been 

WINGARD.— In the Lower Deer Creek 
church, near Camden, Ind , Jan. 9, 1892, of 
L't Gripfe, followed by typhoid pneumonia, 
Bro. Samuel Wingard, aged 60 years, 1 
month and 4 days. 

Deceased leaves a wife and five children 
with many other relatives and friends to 
mourn their loss, but we trust they need not 
mourn as those that have no hope. He -was 
zealous worker in the church, a good citizen, 
id well respected by all who knew him. 
_ uneral services conducted by Bro. Jacob 
Cripe, of the Upper Deer Creek church, to a 
large concourse of people, at the Nebo church, 
two miles west of Camden. Appropriate serv- 
ices were also held at the house, on account 
of sister Wingard (wife of deceased) being 
very sick and not able to attend the funeral. 

LOYD-— In the North Beatrice church, 
Nebr., on New Year's Day, Mrs. Loyd. 
Amid poverty, adversity, want and hard- 
ship she was faithful to her family, consisting 
of husband and fifteen children, till the battle 
of life was fought. Funeral services from 
the words, " I bowed down heavily as one 
that mourneth for his mother." Ps. 35: 14. 
J. E. Young. 

Deceased was a faithful member of said 
church for nineteen years. Funeral services 
by Eld. C. W. Moore, assisted by Eld. I. 
Poulson, from Ps. 132: 14. C. W. Moore. 
FAUSS.— In the Sand Brook church, N. J., 
April 9, 1891, sister Delilah Fauss, aged SG 
:ars and 1 month. 

Deceased was a faithful member of the 
church for a number of years. Funeral serv- 
ices by Eld. C. W. Moore, assisted by Eld R. 
Hyde, from Heb. 4:9. C.W.Moore. 

BREWER.— In the Sand Brook church, N. 
J., Dec. 22, 1891, sister Mary Brewer, aged 
63 years, 7 months and 16 days. 

Deceased was a faithful member of the 
church for thirty-eight years. Funeral serv- 
by Bro. C W. Moore, assisted by Bro. I. 
,!son, from Matt. 24: 42. 

C W. Moore. 

FRIEDLY— In the Falling Spring church, 
Pa., Jan. 6, 1892, sister Catharine Friedly, 
aged 66 years, 10 months and 11 days. 
She leaves three children,— two daugh- 
ters and a son. The daughters are both mem- 
bers of the church, while the son is still stand- 
ing outside the fold. Deceased was a con- 
ember of the Brethren church for 
about forty-five years. Funeral sermon by 
Bro. S. R. Zug, assisted by the Brethren. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 
HELDENBRANT— In the Eel River con- 
gregation, Kosciusko Co , Ind., Jan. 9, 1S92, 
Flow Heldenbrant, aged 1 year, 1 month 
and I day. Funeral services by Leander 
ROWLAND.— Also, in the same church, 
near Silver Lake, Ind., Jan. 11, 1892, Bro. 
John Rowland, aged 78 years, 9 months 
and 5 days. 

Deceased was baptized about two months 
I before his death. Funeral services by Sam- 
uel Leckrone, assisted by Rev. Butler, of the 
U. B. church. Emmanuel Leckrone. 

HOTTERER. — Near Uniontown, Carroll 
Co. Md., Jan. 7, 1892, Elhannon W. Hot- 
terer, aged 41 years and 29 days. 

Deceased had La Grippe, then took the 
pneumonia. He was a deacon in the Old 
Order church, and leaves a wife and one 
child. He was our carpenter in building the 
Brethren's new church at Pipe Creek, Md., 
last summer. His funeral was the third one 
In our new house. The text was Amos 4: 12, 
« Prepare to meet thy God, O Israel." Serv- 
ices were conducted by Jesse R. Fox, of the 
Old Order Brethren. Davis Myers. 

SENGER— At the same place, Jan. 6, 1892, 
Bro. Herman B. Senger, aged 66 years, 10 
months and 19 days. 

Deceased leaves a wife and a family of 
four sons and four daughters to continue the 
battle of life. Funeral services from these 
words, "The days of mourning for my father 
are at hand." J- E. Young. 

ROYER.— In the Falling Spring church, 
Pa., Jan. 13, 1892, sister Christiana Royer, 
aged 75 years, 5 months and 18 days. 
She was a member of the Brethren 
church for quite a number of years, and un- 
compromising in the faith of the Bible. Fu- 
neral sermon by Bro. Wm. A. Anthony, as- 
sisted by the home ministry. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 

MORRIS.— In the Sappy Creek church, Fur- 
nas Co., Nebr., Jan. 11, 1S92, of pneumonia, 
sister Elizabeth Morris, wife of Bro. John 
Morris, aged 55 years. 

Sister Morris has notenjoyed good health 
for a number of years but was able, most of 
the time, to be around and work some. She, 
with her husband, joined the Brethren church 
in Dickinson County, Kans., and has been a 
faithful member. She was at meeting Jan. 3,. 
in her usual health. Next day she took sick 
and one week later her spirit took its flight. 
Funeral services by the writer from Luke 12: 


TAYLOR. — In the Coventry church, Ches- 
ter Co., Pa., Dec. 14, 1891, of pneumonia, 
Bro. Samuel D. Taylor, aged 64 years, 3 
months and 6 days. 

Deceased was a faithful member of the 
Brethren church for more than twenty years 
past, and lived a very consistent life. He 
leaves a wife (sister Mary A. Taylor) and 
four sons to mourn their loss. The funeral 
improved by Eld. J. P. Hetriek. 
W. Brower. 

HOSTETER.— In the Bachelor Run church, 
Carroll Co., Ind , Dec. 29, 1891, of consump- 
tion, Bro. John Hostetcr, aged 23 years, 9 
months and 28 days. 

Deceased was baptized the day before he 
died, and appeared to be resigned to the will 
of the Lord. Funeral services by the Breth- 
ren. David H. Niccum. 

Feb. ?, 1892. 


BOURRIS.— In the same congregation, Dec. 
30, 1891, o£ king fever, sister Elizabeth 
Bourns, aged 52 years, 1 month and 1 day. 
Deceased leaves a husband and five 
daughters to mourn their loss. Sister Bour- 
ns lived a consistent Christian life. Funeral 
services by the Brethren. 

David H. Niccom. 
MYER.— In the same congregation, Jan. 16, 
1892, Bro. Isaac Myer, aged 46 years, 10 
months and 14 days. 

Deceased leaves a wife and six children 
to mourn their loss. 

Bro. Myer served in the office of deacon 
for about seven years and was always at his 
post. His loss will be greatly feit by the 
church. Funeral services bf the Brethren. 
David II. Niccum. 

FETTERS.— In the Tippecanoe church, 
Kosciusko Co, Ind., Nov. 20, 1891, sister 
Sarah Fetter?, aged 73 years, 10 months and 

She was born in Tuscarawas County, 
Ohio. A few months before her death she 
united with the church and died in the tri- 
umphs of a living faith. Funeral services 
from Num. 23: 10. 


. Ro 

SHOCK.— At the same place, Jan. 6, 1S92 
after &ix days of suffering from heart dis- 
ease and lung fever, sister Sarah (Harnish; 

Shock, aged 70 years, 7 months and 5 days 
Deceased was born in Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Ohio. She was married to John Shock, 
with whom she enjoyed a happy life of many 
years. Besides her husband and three chil- 
dren (all members of the church), she leaves 
many other relatives. She was truly a moth- 
Funeral services from Isaiah 57: 1, 2, lo 
a large and sympathizing congregation. 

Daniel Rothenbercefc. 

ELLABARGER.— In the bounds of the 
Nettle Creek church, near Hzgerstown, 
Ind., Dec. 2, 1S91, Henry Ellabarger, aged 
S9 years, 9 months and 19 days. 

Deceased was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., Feb. 13, 1802. In the spring of 1833 he 
left the place of his birth and came to Wayne 
County, Ind. He was married to Magdalena 
Breneman, Sept. 22, iS2<;. To them were 
born three children, — two sons and one daugh- 
ter. The wife and daughter preceded him to 
the spirit land, leaving two sons to mourn 
their loss. Deceased had, in the latter end of 
his life, at least, not identified himself with 
any church, but held to the faith and teach- 
ings of the old Mennonites. The close of this 
long career was that of" a life wtll spent. 
Shortly before his death he expressed his 
wish that the Lord would receive his soul. 
Few of us who yet remain can expect to at- 
tain to the ripe old age of this father, but may 
we be encouraged to live better and nobler 
lives by his example and precept. 

Funeral services at the Locust Grove 
church Dec. 4, by brethren Abram Bowman 
and J. Hoover from the text, " Therefore, be 
ye also ready, for in such an hour as ye think 
not the Son of man cometh." 

Cynthia Ellabarger. 

BARRICK.— In the bounds of the Pipe 
Creek church, Carroll Co., Md., sister Rho- 
da Barrick, aged about 26 years. 

On New Year's Day her remains were 
laid away in the grave. Her funeral was 
largely attended and the occasion improved 
by the writer and Eld. David Stoner, from 
Phllpp. it 21. E. W. Stoner. 

CATNER.— In the Indian Creek congrega- 
tion, Westmoreland Co , Pa., Jan. S, 1S92, 
Mary Catner, aged 73 years, 6 months and 
29 days. 
Funeral services by the writer from Isa. 

38: 1, to a large audience. D. D. Horner. 

TURNEY.— In the Rockton church, Pa., 
Jan. 8, 189?, sister Elizabeth Turney, aged 
about 70 years. 
Deceased has been a sufferer for several 
yeais, having had three strokes of paralysis. 
Services by the writer from Heb. 9: 27, 28. 
J. H. Beer. 

BOVEY.— In Cliicngo, III 

sired to be anoint* 
James 5, which bei 
pressed herself as be 



SEARS.— At their home, near Leon, Deca 
tur Co, Iowa, Jan. 15, 1S92, sister Ellei 
Sears (maiden name, Giltinger). aged 3: 

nly Ihree 
>rely afili 

She died i 



H-— In 



„, Kans.Jan. 12, ■ 

Viola, c 


3ro. Aaron and M 



26 days 


vices by the Breth 

lire"' an 

a large circle of r 
C. C. Rooi 




0., Pa 

Jan. 6, iSoj, Bro. 

seph G. 


ill, ag 

and :7 c 


Sorer for many yi 

with BiU 

wife and s 

,— three sons and f 

d-'.'.U',lit. rs 

near and c 

loss is his 

1 gain. 

The church here 

lost a ver 

the neigh 

zen. He 


about fort 

in the ofl 

Funeral , 

son of Thomas T. and Elizabeth Hill, aged 

23 years. 
Funeral services held at the house of his 
parents by Rev. Humes, of the M. E. church, 
assisted by Rev Smith, of the M. E. church, 
Hillsborough, Pa. N. B. Chrisxker. 

DULANEY.— In Floyd County, Ya , Dec. 

29, 1S91, Charlie Quhiter Dulaney, son of 

Bro. Wm. B. and sifter Mary Dulaney, 

aged 3 years, 7 months and several days. 

The sufferings of the little one were 

great, but he lias gone where he will suffer no 

more, but will dwell in that eternal bliss, 

where love and peace shall reign forever! 

BURNETT.— In the same neighborhood, 
Jan. i, 1892, Benjamin Early Burnett, son 
of Bro. Josiah and sister Elizabeth Burnett, 
aged 2 years, 10 months and 6 days. 
Thus one by one we are passing away 
and the thought comes to us, "Are we pre- 
pared to meet our Creator in peace?" May 
the blessings of God comfort the grief-strick- 
en parents, that they may not weep as those 
that have no hope, but that they may remem- 
ber that they now have a bright angel In 
heaven. Funeral services by the Brethren. 
Cephas D. Reed. 


iller. A book 
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For Sunday-school teachers and scholars this publl- 

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Not Much of a War. 

More than one of our contempoiaries has 
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A new edition of this deservedly popular 
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Those who have read the ordinary book of 
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This is a small book, adapted to the wants 
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This is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical sketch of Eld. James 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. 

The biographical part will be found quite 
interesting, instructive and impressive. No 
one can read an account of Bro. Quinter's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
his religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
will follow him for generations to come. 

The Sermon Department contains many of 
his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
and especially to onr ministers and isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price, 
post-paid, $1.25. 

Brethren's Publishing Co., 

Mt. Morris, 111. 

Ante-Nicene Christian Library.— A collection ol all 
the works of the Fathers ol the Christian Church 
prior to the Council of Nics. Edited by Rev. Al- 
exander Roberts, D. D., and James Donaldson, 
LL. D. Twenty-four vols. 8 vo. Per vol., >3-oo. 

Webster's International Dictionary. —Latest edl- 

A Summary of Biblical Antiquities.— By John |YV 

Bibles, Testaments, Hymn Books of all styles, 
publishers' lowest retail prices, which will be I 
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I This Is just the Quarterly for the little 

Send for ■ copy of the above valuable folks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, » 
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:r, per Quarter, 3 Cents each. 

The Gospel Messenger 

' Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Vol. 30, Old Series. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 9, 1892. 

The Gospel Messenger. 

H. B. Brumbaugh, Editor, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box So, 

Huntingdon, Fa. 

Table of Contents, 

Look Up! 82 

Essays, — 

The Millennium. By Jas. Y. Heckler, 82 

Baptized Against her Will, 82 

Explanatory. By Thurston Miller, 82 

The Soul, or li Inner Man." By Daniel Hays 83 

Love Tested. By S. N. McCann, 83 

Believing on his Name. Sermon by Samuel Murray, 84 

The Judgment. By A. Hutchison 85 

Missionary and Tract Work Department, 

Items, 86 

Encouraging, 86 

Tracts— Their Mission. By N. D. Underhill 86 

A Good Deed and a Worthy Example. By Thurston 

Miller, 87 

Church Government. By Daniel Hays, 87 


Items 81,88 

The Ministerial Relation 81 

The Kiss of Charity and Feet-washing, S9 

Querists' Department, * r. - . 89 

Correspondence, 90, <)i, 92, 93 

Notes from Our Correspondents, 93)94 

Matrimonial, 94 

Fallen Asleep, 94 

Announcements, 96 

Advertisements , 9S> 96 

The Huntingdon Bible Term opens on Monday, 
Feb. 1. At present writing the prospects are 
good for a large attendance, if the prevailing sick- 
nesB does not change present purposes. 

A very enjoyable members' meeting was held 
in the Normal parlor last week. An occasional 
meeting of this kind greatly aids in developing 
the social feeling that should exist between mem- 
bers of the same family. 

J. B. Brumbaugh has returned from a three 
weeks' course of labor among the Eastern church- 
eB. We are glad to learn that Germantown, the 
mother church of this country, has now a minis- 
ter who is laboring to build up again that which, 
through neglect and other causes, was almost dead. 
Our prayer is that Bro. Stover may be abundantly 
blessed and that the old Germantown church may 
have a most glorious revival. 

Some of our contributors seem to be careless 
about signing their names to their writings. In a 
number of cases we are able to determine the writ- 
er by being familiar with the handwriting, etc., 
but others go into the waste-baBkeVor wait for 
developments, and in some cases they come 
with a vengeance. Of course, we are blamed for 
the trouble that grows out of such neglect and it 
is a real satisfaction to see how such persons mel 
low down when they are informed that they neg 
lected to give their name and address in their for- 
mer letter. In writing for the press, on business 
or for anything else, be sure to close with your 
name and address. 

We have on hand a number of queries that we 
would gladly attend to had we the time. We 
hope to be able to consider some of them in the 
near future. 

Those who wish a copy of the ,( Brethren's 
Ohurch Manual," — and it is an excellent thing for 
every member to have, — should order now. In it 
will be found the very things that you ought to 
know as to the faith, practice and government of 
the church. It is a convenient pocket companion 
and an ever-ready book for reference. Nicely 
bound in cloth, only 30 cents post-paid. 

A brother suggests that a fund should be pro- 
vided for the benefit of the widows of poor minis- 
ters. Yes, we think so too. But would it not be 
well to do a little more for them before they be- 
come widows? The poor minister would 'enjoy a 
little appreciation before he passes over, and per- 
haps it would soften his dying pillow if he could 
feel that he as well as his were not forgotten. 

" Feed my sheep." — John 21 : 16. 

The relation of the minister to his people, or 
the flock over which he is placed by the church, 
is not only an important one, but is also a very 
peculiar one. This relation is frequently illus- 
trated by the shepherd and the sheep, and to un- 
derstand it, we must first understand the relation 
of the shepherd to the sheep of his flock or fold. 
Of course, the interpretation must not be made 
too literal and needs some modification. Christ 
says to Peter, "Feed my sheep." As this relation 
had been taught to the disciples previous to this 
time, Peter had no trouble in interpreting the lan- 
guage used and therefore was in no danger of mak 
ing an over-literal application. 

While in some ways the similarity is very 
striking, in other ways it is not, but there could 
be no choice of subjects made in which the siml 
larity would reach bo far and at the same time so 
fully exemplify the truth which he wished to 
teach. The relation existing between the shep- 
herd and the sheep must essentially be different 
from the relation between the minister and his 
people. In the first place we have the rational 
and his relative duty to the animal. In the sec- 
ond, we have the rational as related to the ration- 
al. Hence, our relation to the human being must 
essentially be different from that to the animal, 
and to make the application too literal would frus- 
trate the whole code of Christ's teaching. 

But while there may be some danger of pushing 
the literal application too far, is not the greater 
danger in not going far enough? The danger, on 
our part, seems to be in the direction of getting 
too far away from the shepherd idea and because 
of thiB unburden ourselves of many of the duties 
that belong to the relation. 

" Feed my sheep," — while we may over-literal- 
ize it, needs a larger definition, as "feeding" ex- 
presses only a part of the duties that belong to 

the relation. There must be a fold and the green 
pastures. There must be watching aleo, and the 
caring for the sheep. These are duties belong- 
ing to the relations that are more important than 
the simple feeding, and are among the striking 
similarities between the shepherd and the minis- 
ter. It is a good thing to prepare end give food 
to the sheep, but if they are left unprotected from 
the dangers of the prowling wolves, what good 
will the feeding do? Life means more than food 
and raiment,— so with the child placed under the 
shepherd's care. 

We received a letter the other day from a broth- 
er who asks how the lambs of the flock should be 
nourished and he continues by eayiug that in their 
church some young sisters, ranging in age from 
fifteen to seventeen, who violated some of the rules 
of the church, were, much against their wishes, 
cut off or expelled. He now wants to know if this 
is the proper way to nourish and feed the lambs. 

These are caseB that frequently come before tlie 
shepherds of the church for a passage and often 
ib becomes a serious question for decision between 
church rules aud the duties that grow out of the 
ministerial relation. The duty of the shepherd is 
dual in its character. First, obedience to the 
wishes of those by whom they are called or em- 
ployed. Second, their duty towards those for 
whom employed. This is true, as well, of the 
shepherd of souls. 

Much depends on understanding fully what is 
the relation of the minister to his people. In this 
case the shepherd is called by God, through the 
church, and if the church that calls is in full 
sympathy with the one who calls, there will be no 
restrictions placed on the shepherd that will mili- 
tate against the great object which God has in 
view, — the salvation of souls. And therefore the 
legitimate relations between pastor and people 
will not be restricted. 

Supposiug this to be the condition of all minis- 
ters, we are now prepared to look at the relation 
that is or should be between the minister and the 
people placed uuder his charge. "Feed my sheep, 
feed my lambs," and "care for the flock," covers 
the whole ground growing out of the relation. Can 
we determine the relation by understanding the 
duties which the position imposes? We think so. 
And further, we learn it better than we can in any 
other way. "Am I my brother's keeper?" The 
duties that grew out of the position of the two 
brothers had taught Cain the relation between 
them and that he was his brother's keeper. But 
because he hated him, he despised the duties and 
therefore slew him. The relation is more readily 
seen than our disposition to fill or accept the dut- 
ies that grow out of it 

The first thought, in this connection, is: The 

shepherd is greater than the sheep, and in saying 

this, we give " greater " its enlarged definition, — 

greater in strength, in wisdom, in experience and 

( Concluded on page 85.) 



Look up! in the early morning 

i .. n ountains far away; 
They are tinted with golden sunshine, 

While the valley U chill and g 
Look up! for the day is coming, 

And gather help for the fray; 
We battle with doubts and temptations, 

No strength of our own can Slav. 
Look up! when the welcome noon-lime 

Glides into the day of care, 
When peace flows into our wal 

A; answer to Our prayer. 
When we feel our Father's teachings 

Drop into our lives with love, 
We look again for promised help 

That comes only from above. 

Look up! while s 1 

Are lingering i 
"While clouds of ? 

Hangover the 
Look up! while e 

Are gathering silently. 
And thank our Father for the g! 

lie gives us day by day. 

i the wot, 
methvst and gold, 

yening shadows 



Part Two. 
I hate now given yon the principal outlines of 
the past history of Jerusalem in relation to the 
second coming of Christ, and if you will turn to 
Rev. 11, you will find that John, in his vision, waa 
told to measure the temple of Clod, bat I 
whicli was outside of the temple he was not to 
measure, because it was given to ihe Gentiles, 
"and the holy city shall they tread under foot for- 
ty and two months." Now I suppose you will all 
admit tbafc in prophetic language " forty and two 
months" indicate 1,260 days, or so laany years, 
and if you will add 1,200 yeaTs to 637, the year 
when the city and country were taken "by Caliph 
Omar, under the banner of Mahomet, yon witi 
have 1897, for the time of the fall of the Moham- 
medan power in the Holy Land. Into what hands 
the country will then fall, is hard to Bay, but it 
will probably be either Russia or Great Britain. 
Whatever country or nation may then take pos- 
session of it, the eighty-eight yearB, that it was 
held by the Crusaders, are very suggestive of the 
time it may take to suppress and to subdue the 
Koran,* and to establish the Christian religion 
there. The Crescent on the Moslem standard is 
very suggestive of darkness. "We all know how 
dim the light is when the moon ia nearly empty, 
and ehows her crescent form, but the Gospel is the 
noon-day sun; it is the light of the world. 1 look 
for the full triumph of tt;e Gospel over all other 
religions, not in my short time any more, but in 
this dispensation. I do not look for the conver- 
sion of every sinner by no means, but for the tri 
umph of Christianity and civilization in all the 

The stone which Nebuchadnezzar in his dream 
saw cut out of the mountain without hands, which 
smote idolatry and broke it in pieces, became a 
great mountain and filled the whole earth. Dan. 
2: 35. It filled not only & part of it, but the 
whole earth. As yet we see but a small portion 
of the earth enlightened by the Gospel, but the 
angel has flown through the midst of heaven, hav- 
ing the everlasting Goppel to preach unto them 
that dwell on the earth, and to every kindred, and 
nation, and tongue and people. Rev. 14: 6. 

The Bible Societii s are as busy na they can be 
in printing and manufacturing Bibles, and send- 
ing them out to every nation, and tongue, aud peo- 
ple. It is not at all improbable that the Brethren 
may spread out a little more, and, in not so very 
many years hence, have missionaries in Jerusalem, 
in Damascus and other eastern cities. What we 
want is more education, more courage, and a littlo 
more of the missionary spirit, and means by 
which to work. 

Don't tell mc that Christ will come to establish 
his kingdom in Jerusalem, and that the Jews will 
be gathered together there, and will accept him 
as their king. Judaism is anti- Christ, ignorance 
and bigotry. They need to be educated, not 
among themselves, in Jewish schools, in their en- 
mity against Christ and his followers; they have 
enough of that, but under the influence of the 
Christian religion, under Christian educators. 
Do not imagiue the miraculous conversion of the 
Jews when they get back to Jerusalem, for it will 
not succeed. It will take education, and nothing 
short of education will do it. But first of all 
there must be a better government there,— a gov- 
ernment that will protect life and property, that 
will guarantee to every person his inalienable 
rights; that will encourage industries and improve- 
ments, arts and sciences of all kinds, and that will 
protect them also. There must be a government 
that will put a stop to the banditti that roam over 
the country to rob and plunder. 

The time will undoubtedly come when Juda- 
ism, Mohammedanism, Confucianism, Buddhism, 
Brahminisni, Eindoism and all other isms will 
melt away before the light of truth, — the noon- 
day sun, — ai d many of the creeds and confessions 
ol faith will } et be revised or rejected altogether 
for the plain precepts of the Gospel. * Why 
should not, the Gospel become triumphant over all 
other systems of religion? Think ye the adversa- 
stronger than the Author of it? I tell you 
nay; it is the truth, and is the best religion the 
world has ever seen. There is plenty of time in 
the future for tuch an achievement. For all we 
know this dispensation may continue a thousand 
or two thousand years more, or even longer, but I 
think if the Bible Societies and the missionary 
societies continue to work at the rate" they have 
been doiug these last fifty years, and are not 
hindered too much by wars and persecutions that 
will undoubtedly break out, the great work might 
be accomplish' d in about five hundred years 
Many of our Brethren do not know that there are 
yet many millions of people who have never heard 
of Jesus. In Asia but few have ever heard of 
him, and in the "Dark Continent," Africa, it is 
very dark. 

The declaration that "Jerusalem shall be trod- 
den down by the Gentiles until the times of the 
Gentiles are fulfilled," does not warrant the res- 
toration of the Jews in any shape or form. It re- 
lates altogether to the city and to the Gentiles, 
and no satisfactory explanation of it can yet be 
given. The city was in ruins fifty-seven years 
until the order was given, in A. D., 127, to re- 
build it, which was accomplished in about five 
years, when the Jews, under their false Christ, as 
already stated, raised an insurrection and butch- 
ered many thousand people. But they were sub- 
dued and banished from the country. The Gen- 
tiles continued to own the city as they Btill do, 
but it appears it had no wall until 1542, when the 
wall, that now surrounds it, was built. Literally, 
Jerusalem is not trodden down, but the people 
who live there are, and will remain so, as long 
they are governed by the Koran. 

It is sometimes argued that because 

that is no proof at all when we recollect that the 
Ishmaelites also retain their identity; hence such 

conclusion does not seem plausible or even 
probable. All the' people who are to be con- 
ertod to Christ must be converted in this dis- 
pensation. Now the invitation is given to all kin- 
dreds, and nations, and tongues, and people, to 
come to the marriage of the Lamb. 

All the preparations for that magnificent event 
must be made in this dispensation, for wheu 
Christ makes his second advent, the dispensation 
will change, aud the festivities of that marriage 
will be celebrated. It is true, some claim that 
when Christ comes again the Jews will gladly ac- 
cept of him as their King, and will also accept of 
his Gospel. Perhaps they would if they could. 
But has our brother not read that when the Bride- 
mi comes, they that are ready will go in with 
to the marriage, and the" door will be shut? 
There will be no admittance for those who are not 
ready. Matt. 25:10. 

Harleysville, Pa. 


Vinton, Iowa, Dec. 15 — A. large number of citizens as- 
sembled upon the banks of the Cedar River, In front of a large 
opening cut in the ice today, to witness the baptism into the 
Dunkard faith of Mrs. Cushing, who, carrying her young 
babe in her arms, and accompanied by a|ew friends, and the 
Rev. Peter Forney, appeared about 3 o'clock. After a few 
preliminary remarks, a song and prayer, the icy waters were 
entered, and were almost too much for the woman in her del- 
icate condition. After having been taken into the stream she 
appealed earnestly and struggled to be released, but the min- 
ister refused to yield to her entreaties, and she was immersed 
once, when she renewed her efforts to be released, but in 
vain, and she was the second time placed beneath the icy wa- 
ters. Her struggles and appeals were more than many of the 
women on the banks could endure and they turned away, but 
the preacher clung lo his convert until she had been im- 
mersed three times, iace foremost, as is their custom. The 
woman was completely prcstiated, and may not recover. 


All I presume have read the false statement 
(printed above) in the daily papers, of the bap- 
tism of myself, which was performed in Vinton, 
Iowa. I can truthfully say that I was not per- 
soaded, or forced into being baptized. It was 
done in good faith, and I still cling to the same 
faith. I will not say that I did not struggle, for 
the water almost overcame me at first, but I have 
never been sick one day since. My baby was not 

th me at the time. I further say that the hid. 
Peter Forney is free from any censure in the case. 
He baptized me at my request, neither forcing or 
persuading me to do so. That is why the brother 
is blameless. 

I remain your sister in Christ, 

Mrs. John Cdshing. 

Vinton, Iowa, Jan. 22. 



" Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every 

cause? And I say unto you, Whosoever shall 

put away his wife, except for fornication, and shall marry an- 
other, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is 
put away doth commit adultery,— Malt. 19: 3, 9. 

It will be observed that the first Scripture 
quoted above is a question of the Pharisees, and 
that which follows is our Lord's answer. 

Now, upon this answer was founded my belief, 
that where fornication was the cause of separa- 
tion, the privilege to marry another was granted 
to the innocent party. 

This meaning was disclosed, as I thought, in 
etain their identity as a people, it ia a proof the exception clause, and to me had always 

that they shall yet be gathered into their own i seemed quite clear; and as I had advocated that 
land, and that Christ will then be their king, but | view of the question, I take this method of ex- 

Fob. 9, 1892. 



plaining my sudden change of mind, which was 
brought about in the following manner : 

Not long since, in conversation with some 
brethren upon religious topics, theso questions 
were asked: 

1. "In case of separation for the cause of forni- 
cation, could the offending companion repent, and 
turning again to the path of virtue, be forgiven 
by God?" 

Answer. — "Yes; for all sins may be forgiven, 
except the blaspheming of the Holy Ghost." 

2. Well, then, if this penitent should seek a 
reconciliation with the one from whom he, or she, 
had separated, bringing fruits of genuine repent- 
ance, ask to be forgiven, and again restored to 
former marriage relations, would the innocent 
party be bound to forgive, and restore? Answer. 
— "Yes," again. 

Now if this last answer be correct, imagine the 
dilemma in which, the latter is placed, should he 
or she have married another. No wonder the 
disciples said, " If the case of the man be so with 
his wife, it is not good to marry." 

So now, after looking at it from this stand- 
point, whatever meaning may seem to be con- 
veyed in the language referred to, I do not be- 
lieve it was intended to teach that a second com- 
panion may be taken while the other lives, and 
surely this is a reasonable conclusion, for if God 
can forgive, and receive the truly penitent, what 
is man that he should refuse? 

Gross sin was the cause of separation, and 
while that cause existed, the separation was justi- 
fiable, — I am not ready to say obligatory, — but 
now, through repentance, pardon is obtained, and 
pardon implies absolution, and as absolution 
means freedom, the cause of separation no longer 
exists; hence all the obligations and conditions, 
that formerly existed, and constituted them "one 
flesh," are now revived and restored in fact, 
whether the parties ever live together again or 

Therefore the " wife is bound to her husband " 
and may not marry another, "so long as he liv- 
eth," and vice verfa, no difference- what the cause 
of separation may be. 

The Scripture cited above is the only passage in 
the New Testament that can, by any fair inter- 
pretation, be construed into a grant that a second 
companion may be taken while the former is liv- 
ing. Mark, in recording the same identical cir- 
cumstance, omits the exception, which, I think 
harmonizes better with the laws of repentance 
and pardon than does Matthew (see Mark 10: 11, 
12), except that Matthew's record be construed to 
mean simply, that there is but one justifiable 
cause for putting away a wife (or a husband), and 
that cause is fornication, and that, in any case, the 
taking another amounts to adultery. 

La Porte, Ind. 

Remarks. — While we deem it proper to give 
space for the above explanation, we, however, do 
not wish to open our columns to a discussion of 
this perplexing question. It is likely to long re- 
main an unsettled question among our people. — 



The highest authorities say that the "soul is 
ike thinking, spiritual, and immortal being in 
man.'" This has been and still is the accepted 
meaning of the word. The term, when traced 
etymologically to its source, comes from a root 
which means to think, and is applied to that part 
of man's nature which enables him to think and 

The Odter Man.— Man's physical body is the 

"outer man." This was made first in the order of 
man's creation, according to the law, " first the 
natural, afterward the spiritual." 1 Cor. 15: 40. 
The " outer man " was formed "of the dust of the 
ground," as the tenement, or house for the higher, 
spiritual being to live iu. "Aud the Lord God 
formed man of the dust of the ground, aud 
breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and 
man became a living soul." Man formed of the 
dust was man,— the "outer man." But by the in- 
breathing of Divinity man became something 
more; he became,—'- passed from one state to an- 
other,'/ — from the natural to the spiritual. He 
was a spiritual, immortal bfiug within the natur- 
al, — a " living soul." 

We must not confound the word "soul" with 
the word "mind" or '-spirit." The soul is 'a real 
being. The mind is a power, or faculty of the 
soul, — the power by which we perceive, think, or 
reason. Secondarily the mind has faculties, — 
perception, memory, recollection, imagination, un- 
derstanding, and reason. The word spirit has a 
a wide range of meaning. If by it we mean the 
renewed nature of man, we should say so. If by 
it we mean the immortal part of man we should 
say so. Or if by it wo mean the prevailing dispo- 
sition of man, good or evil, we should say so. 

Then the word "soul " may include the entire 
man; and, in some rare instance?, it may seeming- 
ly apply to the outward, visible man. In 1 These. 
5: 23 we have the threefold nature of man clear- 
ly stated: "I pray God your whole spirit, and 
soul, and body, be preserved blameless unto the 
coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." 

Man's physical body contaios the organs of 
physical life, not of spiritual life. All the organs 
of the body have a distinct function, each subordi- 
nated to the organ of mind.— the brain. .But the 
brain is not the mind. The poorer behind the 
brain is infinitely greater than the brain. The 
brain is simply the instrument of the mind. It 
is by the brain, through the seusee, that the mind 
holds communication with the physical world. 
If the brain be impaired, weakened, or diseased, 
the mind is not injured. Communication is in- 
terrupted, — we cannot work well with an imper- 
fect instrument. The brain does not see, nor feel, 
nor think, neither does the heart love. The seat 
of the affections is in the mind. 

The Inner Man. — Man's spiritual nature is 
"inner man." It i3 the power that thinks all we 
think, that knows all we know, and yet, of its nat 
ure and organization, we know but little, simply 
because the mind in our present state is directly 
related through the senses to the world of matter. 
In our contracted views we erroneously attribute 
volition to the brain, and emotion to the heart, 
instead of tracing them to their higher source in 
the mind, and the " heart of hearts." 

If the intellect be a faculty of the mind which 
receives and comprehends ideas, collected through 
the senseo, and theso ideas, thus received, be held 
by the memory, reproduced at will, and, under 
color of the imagination, held up before the un- 
derstanding, and, under the power of reasoD, 
sifted, classified and compared, till all the facts 
are clearly seen, and higher fields of truth open to 
the mind in the realms of faith:— if all this and 
much more be carried on in the mind, we know 
that there is an organization beyond the brain, 
higher than this natural life. That organization 
is the soul of man. It is in the soul that the 
heart, the seat of the affections of Scripture, is 
placed. Love is a power of the soul, as the intel- 
lect is a faculty of the mind. 

Paul's Argument.— In 1 Cor. 13 Paul brings 
iu an argument that forever settles the question 
as to the nature and destiny of man. In the 
mind of the inspired writer, charity is an imper- 
sonation of all the Christian graces, — a thing of 

life, without which a man is an empty shadow, — 
but with which a man is enabled to reach the 
highest aims of Christian character and holiness. 
Charity is not an emotion of our sensual nature, — 
not a passion which Borne mistake for love. It is 
the highest and purest form of friendship, a un- 
ion of minds based upon mutual esteem and 
priceless worth, that moves the hand to works of 
mercy and acts of kindness, and enlists the soul 
in a life of obedience to God. 

The heart may cease to beat, the brain may lie 
a shapeless mass within its casket, but " charily 
never fiiileik," Love is stronger than deith. 
Love survives the tomb Then the soul, the 
source and centre of this vital energy, continues 
ever. It is not the charity outside of ua that 
Paul speaks of, bat the charity within us. It is 
individual, personal, real. The time will come 
when prophecies shall cease, aud knowledge shall 
vanish away, because our knowledge aud preach- 
ing are imperfect and temporary: "For wo know 
in part, and we prophesy in part." But a glori- 
ous trinity remains, — three eternal principles: 
Faith, hope, charity. Since, then, these princi- 
ples abide, it follows, as an unavoidable conclu- 
sion, that the soul being a unit in essence and or- 
ganization, aud inseparably related to each of 
these undying principles, mast and shall abide 

The problem of man's redemption would have 
been a matter of easy solution if death .ends all. 
Let a pestdence sweep man from the face of the 
earth, and the question is solved. But the re- 
demption of mau was the one great problem of 
the universe, one which the angels desired to 
look into, and one which the mind of God alone 
could solve. This stands as an unanswerable ar- 
gument for the soul's immortality. The spark of 
divinity in man, the being created in the image of 
God, was the object of such concern, such mercy, 
anl such love as to cause the Eternal Father to 
send his only Son into the world to die that man 
might be redeemed. 

Now measure the value of the human soul. 
Will you estimate it in the scope of its powers, in 
its capacity for improvement, iu the endless nat- 
ure of its existence, or in all three? 

Moore's Store, Va, 



" If a man love me, he will keep my words/'— John 14: 23. 

God's love to the sinner is unquestionably 
great, long-su tie ring, aud strongly manifested. 
Tt flowed out from the great heart of God to you, 
sinner, before the world began in a bright and 
precious promise, even the promise of eternal 
life. Titus 1: 2. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, 
received the promise, and began to suffer before 
the world was that you might be delivered from 
this present evil world, according to the will of 
God. Gal. 1: 4. "0, Father, glorify thou me 
with thine own self, with the glory which I had 
with thee before the world was." John 17: 5. 

Think of it! Christ suffering for over four 
thousand years for you, sinner ! He has pur- 
chased your redemption, for "as in Adam all die, 
even so in Christ shall all be made alive." 1 Cor. 
15: 22. Christ suffered the penalty, obtained 
universal redemption and, as a consequence, uni- 
versal quickening or universal resurrection, for 
"all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, 
and shall come forth; they that have done good 
unto the resurrection of life; and they that have 
done evil to the resurrection of damnation." 
John 5: 28. 

God's love still abounds. Though redemption 
was brought nigh, he knew our frame; he knew 



Feb. 9, 1892. 

that we were but dust, and be also kuew that 
soon would be aliens, and foreigners to his 
purchase, by our own prodigal natures. Out of 
his abounding love he " hath committed unto us 
the word of reconciliation," 2 Cor. 5: 19, even 
the Gospel of Christ "the power of God unto sal- 
vation to every one that believeth." Eom. 1: 16. 
" God so loved the world that he gave his only 
begotten Son that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have everlasting life." 
John 3: 16. His love not only redeems from the 
Adamic sin, but abounds to every believing sin- 
ner with offers of salvation from actual sin, for 
"he that believeth and is baptized shall be 
saved," Mark 16: 16, and the promise of a " re- 
newing of the Holy Ghost which he hath shed on 
us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior." 
Titos 3: 6, 6. 

Sinner, the great, loving heart of God has done 
all this without a single act of appreciation on 
your part, he did it for you, even before you had 
begun your wayward course of sin, and still his 
love abounds, though you scorn it, or, at best, treat 
it with indifference. God is " not willing that any 
should perish, but that all should come to re- 
pentance." 2 Pet. 3:9. He " will have all men 
to be saved, and to come nnto the knowledge of 
the truth." 1 Tim. 2: i. 

Sinner, look up to the God who has done so 
much for you, and is still blessing you with even 
every temporal blessing that you have that is 
pure and good. Look up to him for he still wills 
you only good, though you trample under foot his 
love, his mercy, and your only hope, "for there is 
none other name under heaven given among men 
whereby we must be saved." Acts 4: 12. 

" Herein is love, and not that we loved God, 
but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the 
propitiation for our sinB." 1 John 4: 10. God 
has proven his great love by his manifold works 
of mercy and good will to every sinner, and now 
Jesus says, " If a man love me, he will keep my 
words." What incentives can be brought to bear 
upon the heart of man to produce love, if God's 
great mercy and loving-kindness can not do it? 
Can the heart be stone and not melt when the 
self-sacrificing, agonizing, crucified Son of God 
still pleads on your behalf? 

The rocks can rend, the earth can quake 
The sea can roar, the mountains shake ; 
Of feeling all things show some sign, 
But this unfeeling heart of mine. 
To bear the sorrows thou hast felt, 
Dear Lord, an adamant would melt; 
But I can read each moving line, 
And nothing moves this heart of mine. 
Oh for a glance of heavenly day, 
To take this stubborn stone away, 
And thaw, with beams of love divine, 
This heart, this frozen heart of mine. 

all this sacrifice for "filthy lucre? " The answer 
is easy, — they love it. 

When a man loves his cauBe,— be it worthy or 
unworthy,— he is ready to sacrifice for it. The 
lover of art will sacrifice everything for art The 
lover of science will undergo anything for science. 
The husband will brave any danger for the wife, 
or the wife for the husband; the parent for the 
child, or the child for the parent. Love is the 
lever that moves all true action. Love to God 
will convert the sinner into an earnest, self-Bac- 
rificing, devoted, loving, submissive Christian 

If a man love me he will keep my words." 
Sinner, make this a personal matter. Do you 
love Jesus? You say, " Tea, I do." Has Jesns 
told an untruth, or are you living a lie? You say 
you love him, and yet you do not keep his words. 
Jesus says, yon will keep them if you love him. 

Bridgewaier, Va. 


A Sermon, Delivered by Eld. Samnel Murray, in the 
College Chapel, Mt. Morris, 111., and 
Reported by J. M. Cox. 
I thahk God for the privilege of rising before 
you. I was young once too, just like you. I 
know how young people feel, bnt yon cannot tell 
yet, how old people feel. I think, my young 
friends, yon will experience that, if you live as 
long I have. But I say again, I am very thank- 
ful to God that I have the privilege of rising be- 
fore you. I don't know just how long I shall 
talk, but I will try to speak bo that all will under- 
stand me. 

First, I want to say that I was well pleased 
with th'e discnurse this morning. I felt glad to 
know that we have young brethren to take our 
places. _ 

Now I want to say another thing, and that is: I 
know that you are surrounded by the influence of 
the Holy Spirit; and not only surrounded, but 
cDvered over by the influence of the Holy Spirit. 
We found the Bible in every room in these build- 
ings, and we find that you do not only have the Bi- 
ble in your rooms, but that you study it, and I am 
glad that we find one room in this building that 
is called our Bible Boom. I had the pleasure of 
meeting with your class, and I do pray God that 
the class may grow larger, that many more may 
study the Sacred Word, and profit by those Bible 

"If a man love me he will keep my wordB." 
Sinner, is it possible that you make no effort to 
keep God's Word? Is it possible that you do not 
love him who has done so much for you? Chrbt 
says that you do not love him, else you wonld 
keep his words. God's love Bhould move every 
Binner to action. Other incentives may awak- 
en, but nothing short of love to God will give 
consecration of life to his cause. 

"What moves the mother to sacrifice comfort, 
health, and everything for a wayward child? 
Love, nothing but love. God only knows how 
often and how many mothers' hearts have been 
made to bleed because of the wayward actions of 
a son or daughter. Does a mother's love and con- 
secration awaken your love? How much more 
should God's love appeal to yon! I see men sao 
rificing everything,— comfort, social enjoyment, 
health, self-improvement, and even their souls, for 
money. Money is their all; they dream of it; 
they meditate upon it by day and by night. Why 

Now then, I want to read a few verses, from 
which I expect to make my remarks. As I am bo 
nearly blind, I will not look in the book, but I 
think, perhaps, I can read very nearly correct 
While Jesus was yet talking to the people, one 
said unto him, "Behold thy mother and thy 
brethren stand without, desiring to speak with 
thee. But he answered and said nnto him that 
told him, Who is my mother? and who are my 
brethren? And he stretched forth his hand to- 
ward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother, 
and my brethren! For whosoever shall do the 
will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is 
my brother, and sister, and mother." 

I thought this wonld be a good subject, seeing 
that nearly all in this room are brethren and Bis- 
ters. I want you to Bee that the family is made 
up of brethren and sisters. Let me quote from 
the apostle, when he said, " Come out from among 
them, and be ye separate, and ye shall be my sons 
and daughters." Then you get the idea that the 
family is made np of fathers and mothers, broth- 
ers and sisters. Now, then, we call yonr attention 
to the language of the Prophet Isaiah: " For nnto 
us a child is born, nnto ua a son is given, and the 
government shall be upon his shoulder; and his 
name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The 

Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, The Prince 
of Peace." 

Here you get the idea that the church is the 
family of Christ Jesus is the head of the fami- 
ly. He is indeed, a wonderful counselor I Now 
it seems to me that every intelligent man and 
woman Bhould try to be one in that family of 
Christ I am surprised, in my travels, to see that 
bo many do not belong to the family of Christ. 

Next we call your attention to the language of 
the Apostle Paul: "The Spirit itself beareth 
witness with our spirit, that we are the children of 
God; and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and 
joint heirs with Christ; if bo be that we suffer with 
him, that we may be also glorified together." 
Just think of it. We shall be heirs with God, 
and joint heirs with Jesus Christ! Mind you, the 
Lord is rich, and very rich. I would not be 
surprised if some Bons and daughters do not feel 
proud that their fathers are rich, and that they 
are members of that family. But it is nothing in 
comparison with being heira with Jobus Christ. 
We understand we must love him to be heirs with 
him, and we must be lawfully and legally brought 
into that family. I am sorry that, what seem to 
be, very intelligent people in our country, cannot 
understand how they can be born into the family 
of God; and I am sorry to know that there are 
some that claim to be born again, who do not re- 
spect the commandments of God. Let me call , 
your attention to the Scripture that you will find 
in John 3. Here we have an account of a man 1 
called Nicodemus. This man was well versed- 
being a ruler of the Jews. Now, mark you, " The 
same came to Jesus by night, and said nnto him, 
Babbi, we know that thou art a teacher come 
from God: for no man can do these miracles that 
thou doest, except God be with him." "Jesus 
answered and said nnto him, Verily, verily, I, Bay 
unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot 
Bee the kingdom of God." 

Nicodemus could not understand. He thought 
it very strange, but inasmuch as it was so very 
important for him to know the loving-kindness of 
the Savior, he Baid, "Verily* verily, I say nnto 
thee, Except a man be born of water and of the 
spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." 
Then, you see, we have it specially understood 
what it is to be born again. Now we will call 
your attention to the first chapter of John: "He 
came unto his own, and his own received him not. 
But aB many as received him, to them gave he 
power to become the sons of God, even to them 
that believe on his name." Now, mark you: 
" They that believed on his name." " They which 
were born not of the will of flesh, nor of the will 
of man, but of God." Get the idea,— "being 
born of God! " Do not forget that! 

Now we call ycur attention to what the apostle 
„.ys, in 1 Pet. 1: 23, "Being born again, not of 
corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the 
Word of God, which liveth and abideth forever." 
Here yon get the idea that to be born of God, is 
to be born of the Word of God. 

We go now with Paul to Gal. 3, " For as many 
of you as have been baptized into Christ, have pnt 
on Christ." If we are thus born of God, we be- 
come heirs of God, and joint heirs with Jesus 
Christ. Then we belong to the family of Christ. 
I am glad that I have all reason to believe that 
the majority of this congregation here belong to 
Christ. Now you belong to that large family, 
that rich family! 

We next call your attention to 1 Pet. 2, " Bnt 
ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, 
an holy nation, a peculiar people." Thank the 
Lord, brethren— a peculiar people. The world 
j looks upon the children of God as a peculiar 
people; and I am glad of it. They are not only 
Ipeouliar in the wearing of their hair, and the 

Feb. 9, 1892. 


dress", but peculiar in a good many ways. I im- 
agined, the other evening, at the love-feast, that | 
the outsiders thought, " What a peculiar people." 
I saw some of them laugh when the brethren sa- 
luted each other with the kiss of charity. They 
thought we were peculiar when we washed one 
another's feet. We might call your attention to a 
number of things in which we are peculiar, and I 
am glad it is so. Would you not like to belong to 
the family of Christ? For a moment, just think 
of it! What a family! What a large family! 

Another thought The family of Christ is a 
loving family. The very first of the foundation 
of the family of Christ was from God. "For 
God so loved the world, that he gave his only be- 
gotten Son, that whoBoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have everlasting life." 
Again, " By this shall all men know that ye are 
my disciples, if ye have love one for another." 
Thank God! O ask the mother why she kisses 
that babe, and she will say, "Because I love it." 
Christ gave his life that we could live, and should 
live in the family of Christ Why did he give his 
life? What for? Why, for genuine love. 

We should love God above all others. I often 
think, brethren and sisters, that I don't love God 
as I should. Young brethren and sisters, love 
him above all things in this world! 

Then, again, the family of Christ is a family of 
peace. They cannot go to war; they cannot fight. 
No, the family of Christ cannot do this. Ton re- 
member that terrible war we passed through. 
Some of the children of Christ were arrested, and 
led out on the battle field. They could march 
them around, and make them carry the gun and 
the sword, but they could not make them fight. 

That dear old brother, John Cline, who used to 
live in those days, was a child of Christ. He 
proved to be a true Christian, and after all was 
over, after he went back to Virginia, they took his 
life. He was a true Christian. It is evident that 
the family of Christ cannot fight, for it is a family 
of peace. 

I want to call your attention to something that 
should not be, but I sometimes fear it iB the case. 
It is this: "The children of Christ should not 
quarrel." That outsider back there says, " They 
cannot quarrel when they are a family of peace." 
No, it should not be. I again call your attention 
to the children of Christ being a rich family. 
David says, "The earth is the Lord's, and the 
fullneBS thereof; the world, and they that dwell 
therein." If we have a brother here from the 
country that is a farmer, I would say that you are 
only a renter; it is the Lord's land that you are 

The family of Christ is a scattered family. It is 
scattered all over the United States, and that is 
not all. Tou go over the briny deep, and you find 
a part of this family, and that is not all. Yon 
find a part of this family in the upper world, and 
we are looking up there and trusting that finally 
that will be our home. Yes, Christ is there, and 
the holy angels, and we are glad to know, or feel 
quite sure, there are a great many loved ones over 
there in the other world. Some have mothers 
and fathers over there, and some of us have chil- 
dren over there. But I thank God that the time 
is coming when this family will be reunited. 
If.I were as young as some of you, I would almost 
wish I could live till JeBua comes. He will come 
down to this lower world and gather us home. 
"Then we, which are alive, shall be caught up to- 
gether with them in the cloud, to meet the Lord 
in the air, and so shall we ever be with the Lord." 
When Christ comes with an innumerable band 
of angels, we will be judged in a moment of time, 
in the twinkling of an eye. Just think of it! I 
sometimes think the time is not far distant when 
the Lord will oome, and they tha,t are sleeping in 

Jesns, shall come forth and shall be changed, and to the hills, Fall on us." Hos. 10: 8. Again, 
" For this corruptible muBt put on incorruption, I in the language of him who had such a vivid pict- 
aud this mortal must put on immortality." ure before him of what was to come hereafter, we 

Now, dear brethren and Bisters, I muBt close, have the following, " And in those days shall men 
I hope and pray that, when it goes well with you, seek death, and shall not find it; and shall deBire 

you will think of the old brethren and sisters. 
Mi. Morris, 111. 



Number Two. 
The question is asked in Holy Writ, " For the 
great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be 
able to stand?" David would answer, "He that 
hath clean hands, and a pure heart." Psa. 24: 
This seems to be a direct answer, and the only 
way in which we can have clean hands or a pure 
heart, is by having them washed in the blood of 
the Lamb. This can only be done by obedience 
to the truth. Jesus said to his disciples, " Now 
ye are clean through the word which I have spok- 
en unto you." John 15: 3. We certainly cannot 
expect to be made clean by or through his Word, 
unless we make an application of it, as directed 
by the Word itself. 

This we have clearly indicated by the following 
nguage: "Seeing ye have purified your souls in 
obeying the Truth through the Spirit," etc. 1 Pet. 
1: 22. This purifying must be done while we are 
here in this life, for there "is a time coming when 
we cannot make the necessary preparation, but 
can only say in the language as given by the 
prophet Jeremiah: " The harvest is past, the sum- 
mer is ended, and we are not saved." Jer. 8: 20. 

Dear reader, did you ever think, that it is possi- 
ble that you might be one of the number, included 
in that little pronoun we? It will be applied to 
every one who has not obeyed the Truth from the 
heart. Head or shell work alone, will not do, 
when the great day of his wrath is come. A heart 
filled with the love of God, is all that will pass 
the solemn test. Let ns not be misled as to what 
the love of God is. Suppose we let an apostle de- 
fine it for us, and then we will take no risk upon 
ourBelveB. He says, "This is the love of God, 
that we keep his commandments." 1 John 5: 3. 
Now we have it in a very short and comprehen- 
sive manner. There is nothing, in any sense, 
dark or mysterious about it, since the case is so 
clearly laid out before us, if we do not accept of it 
We may, then, expect that the language of Isaiah 
will be true in our case: "And they shall go 
into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of 
the earth, for fear of the Lord, and for the glory 
of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly 
the earth." Isa. 2: 19. 

When men allow themselves to give this ques- 
tion anything like a serious thought, they are 
wont to put it off, and look upon it as being a 
long way off, but if we are not on the look-out for 
it, we will find that it is like giving our obligation 
for the payment of a debt at a certain time. Not- 
withstanding we know the time, and the amount, 
yet it comes upon us before we are ready, and 
when this is the case, we are in distress; still 
we may make some shift, by which the case may 
be prolonged for a time. But in this other case, 
we know not the day nor the hour, for this is kept 
from us, therefore we ought always to be ready, 
and he to whom we are indebted does not require 
of us anything that we need to put off, not even 
for a day. Then he would have us act now, and 
carry no risk. Bnt in view of all this, if we re- 
fuse, and procrastinate the time of our accepting 
Christ, and entering into his service, we then may 
expeot to find the language, which we now quote, 
to be fearfully true, in our case. Listen to them: 
" And they shall say to the mountains, Cover ns; 

to die, and death shall flee from them." Bev. 
6. This is a gloomy picture, but it is precisely 
what Jesus said would be, when he was speaking 
of the things which should take place in the time 
that was coming. Here are his words: "Then 
shall they begin to say to the monntains, Fall on 
us; and to the hills, Cover us." Luke 23: 30. O 
how much each one, who is found in that condi- 
tion, will feel like applying to himself the lan- 
guage of the following: 

" Jesusl I throw my arms around, 
And hang upon thy breast; 
Without a gracious smile from thee, 
My spirit cannot rest. 

" O tell me that my worthless name 
Is graven on thy hands, 
Show me some promise in thy book, 
Where my salvation stands." 

Let us all say, like David of old : " And now, 
Lord, what wait I for? My hope is in thee." 
Psa. 39: 7. 

McPherson, Kans. 

( To be Continued. ) 


( Continued from first page. ) 
responsibilities. Do we, as ministers, feel that 
we really are this? If we cannot so feel ourselves, 
how can others feel it? And if others cannot feel 
it, why a shepherd ? Why try to fill a position for 
which we have no fitness? And how can we care 
for and feed those who can care for and feed them- 
selves better or even as well as we ourselves? 
There can be no possible advantage of sheep hav- 
ing a shepherd, no stronger, no greater than them- 
selves. They would be at the mercy of the wolf 
and in danger of starvation, just the same as if 
they had no shepherd. So with the church. If 
the minister is in no way better or greater than 
his people, — spiritually we mean, — then there is 
no need of such minister, as he could not give 
what the people need. In caring for, directing 
and feeding the flock spiritually, the relation of 
the minister to the people is the same as that of 
the shepherd to the sheep, or as the parent to the 
child. Perhaps the latter brings the relation 
more clearly to us because we are more familiar 
with it. The fraternal relation is a very close and 
sacred one, and it will be well for us, as ministers, 
to study it well and then determine how well we 
are performing our duties in filling the relation 
that we sustain to our people. Do we labor as 
assiduously and conscientiously for the good of 
those who place themselves under our care, relig- 
iously, as we do for oar children ? Do we exercise 
towards them the same degree of patience, for- 
bearance and charity as a religious father does 
towards his children? If not, are we performing 
the duties fully, that the relation demands? 

To be a Bhepherd of souls is a grave and re- 
sponsible charge and it behooves us, not only to 
understand the duties that the relation imposes, 
but to faithfully carry them out. 

While we have presented these thoughts as to 
the relation of the minister to his people, we have 
also been impressed with the importance of the 
church learning more fully the relation that 
should be felt between herself and the minister. 
Of this relation we may speak at some future time, 


Missionary and Tract Work Department. 

" Upon the first day of the week, 

.rre as God hath prospered him, 
at there be no gatherings when ! 
me."-l Cor. 16: a. 

grudgingly or 
Lord loveth : 
Cor. 9: 7. 

Every one at Gid halh fpf 
/.■rr/w.-M in liis heart, so let 
rind, it is accepted according 

Organization of Missionary Gommittoe, 

Daniel Vaniman, Foreman, 
D. L Miller, Treasurer, 
G^lex B. Royer, Secretary, 

McPherson, Kanr, 

Mt. Morris, 111 

• Mt. Morris, 111. 

Organization of Book and Tract Work. 

Dayton, Ohio. 
Dayton, Ohio. 

^-All donations intended tor Missionary' Work should be scot to 
Galen B. Royer, Mt. Horn's, III. 
faF-Al! money lor Tract Work should be sent to S. DOCK, Dayton. 

[rF-Moneymaybesent by Money Order, Registered Letter. orDralts 
or. No,, York or Chicago. Do not send personal checks, or droits 00 in- 

tatT-Soltcitors are requested to faithfully carry out the plan ol Annual 

Mee'.ir,-. that ..II oor members be solicited to contribute at least tmce a 
year lor the Mission and Tract Work ol the Church. 

(3?-Notes ior the Endowment Fund can be had by writing to the Sec- 
retary ol cither Work. 

Take all your legal wants and wishes to God in 
prayer. "A6k," says the Savior, "and it shall be 
given yon; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it 
shall be opened unto you." There is great effitiaoy 
in prayer. The Christian can not live long 
acceptably without prayer, nor can he succeed in 
his religious work. A straight line is the shortest 
distance between two points; so is prayer the 
shortest distance to God. Every member should 
associate deep, earnest prayer*with all his under- 
takings and efforts, in every branch and lino of 
Christian work, to which the Holy Spirit has 
called him. Prayer, accompanied with faith in 
God and one's work, becomes a mighty, living, 
active power for success. — H. 


The Tract Work is steadily moving forward in 
the cause. Many new points of- interest of a 
practical and encouraging character are constantly 
opening up in this work. The excellent spirit of 
many workers is, in one way or another, almost 
daily becoming more manifest, seeking expression 
in loving words and deeds. Many more brethren 
and BiBters, both old and young, are coming for- 
ward and taking hold. 

comes willing, bat few obstacles will ever bo found 
in the way of true benevolence and progress; 
mountain 3 will become as mere mole hills, and 
excuses vanish as the morning dew. True Chris- 

generally measi 
the spirit we posspau, and in which we give and in 
which we work, than by either our wealth or our 
streugth. Let your offering be ever so small, if 
1 ll swilling spirit, it will be most 
thankfully received into iho Lord's treasury to 
carry on his work. If but a "widow's mite," it is; 
much better than nothing at all, and far more 
precious in the sight of the Lord. 

It is astonishing what united efforts, Bpirit and 
enterprise will accomplish in the ciuso. I append 
a few points and figures from a late report of the 
"American Tract Society," showing the immense 
amount of work they are doing in this lino. " Its 
publications have reached the number of 444,201,- 
394, of which 30,431,191, were volumes, the rest 
being tracts, leaflets, cards, etc., and in 150 
languages and dialects. Thess were carried direct- 
ly to the homes of the people, for the most part 
destitute of moral and religious reading, by the 
house to house visits o£ its missionaries at 
localities throughout the country. One hundred 
and sixty-five men w>-re thus employed during 
the last year. These took the Gospel into 118,697 
homes, held 4,413 public meetings, distributed 
among them 103,913 volumes of saving-truth, and 
organized a largo number of Sabbath and Bible 
schools for both adults and children. This entire 
work has been accomplished through voluntary 
contributions and about one thousand dollars a 
week were used in the gratuitous distribution of 
its literature among the needy." 

May the Lord strengthen his Zion and bless 
both our hearts and our hands to do his will in 

all thicge! ^__ S ' W " H * 



Tbaots are, in some respects, like angels. Lit- 
tle white-winged messengers, bearing words of 
truth and loving counsel, they flit about here and 
there, going where the servant of God sends them 
always on a mission cf love, always telling the 
earnest truth, always pointing out the way to 

Tracts are meek, gentle, harmless messengers, 
never disturbing any one's peace, never betraying 
any one's faults, but silently appealing to the eye, 
the mind, the heart of the soul to whom Christ 
would speak. They are like letters from Heaven, 
bearing words of grace and life to all who will re- 
ceive and heed them, but are easily torn, burned 
I or trodden under foot by the heedless, heartless 

we learn. Indeed the true spirit of | 80U 1 w ho loves not God, and hirte3 to be en- 
cumbered by his messages, his earnest, loving ap- 
his sad but firm condemnations. They 
should be like snow-flakes, pure, white, clean (and 
a3 we believe they are), (lying swiftly through the 
air in great shower?, by the thousands and by the 
millions, clothing the earth with beauty, refresh- 
ing the tender plants (young converts) and thirsty 
streams (of good thoughts), cleansing the impure 
and soiled buildings (sonls who, by contact with 
the world have become addicted to evil speech, 
thoughta or actions), penetrating every crack and 
crevice (entering into every little opening), melt- 
ing and sinking deep in the earth (people's hearts) 
to moisten, soften, cleanse and cause seeds to 
spront (words to take root), plants to grow 
(actions to improve) and trees to bear fruit 
(Christians to do good deeds). Raising again in 
all to do still more. This other forms, mist and vapor (sympathy and love) 
;ht to do, "if there first be a j to form other clouds (of thought) and descend 

We work 
our being, as well as character, — virtuous, benevo- 
lent, energetic or otherwise, — cannot long remain 
in obscurity. Our deeds become manifest. Pre- 
cisely the same thing is true of the church and its 
membership, respecting her spirit and energies, 
but in a more extended sense. Her ucorks are 
manifest. If not wholly so to us, they are to God. 
This makes the matter weighty and doubly im- 
portant to all. 

This excellent spirit, we believe, i3 prompting 
many addition*! workers to come forward and take 
a liberal interest in the work, taking hold with 
their energies, their hands, and their prayers, and 
by giving of their means. Thia is as it should be. 
May God be praised for it and all his works more 
and more! But thi3 is not written in praiee mere- 
ly for what we have already done, but very much 
more to enconragt 
we easily can and 

rilling mind-" But there is just where the upon other plants, and into other hearts, it keeps 
trouble is. Ordinarily, when once the mi'icl be- ; on working, doing, moving, going, melting, chaug- 

■, multiplying ami saving bouIs, who, without 
guides, would be lost and without refreshment, and 
thus perish. 

There are many ways to use tracts. One way 
is to stand on the street corner and otter one to 
every person who passes. Another is to enclose a 
suitable tract in every letter we write. Anothor 
is, to stand at the door of a church or school-house 
and give one to every person who comes out. 

There are many ways of distributing tracts, 
which are probably bettter than any of the above, 
but no one should confine his good deeds to a 
particular method or form. It is better to use all 
means possible, every way conceivable to plant 
good seeds in the hearts of human souls. We 
know of two sisters who, living on a public road, 
often keep travelers over night. When the 
travelers depart, they frequently find a tract or 
two in their overcoat pockets, which they are sure 
to examine, wondering meanwhile whence they 
came, what they are, etc. Persons who keep 
hotels, or those who sell, repair, make or clean 
clothing, have thiB opportunity of sowing seeds of 
Truth, while the receivers are much more likely 
to read ant! meditate upon them, than if they were 
handed to them in public, like a worthless and 
despised circular or advertisement. However, we 
do not wish to depreciate even the indiscriminate 
and public ways of giving, for the sower must 
scatter his seeds broad-cast, if he would reap a 
rich harvest. 

AVheu the two sisters, above mentioned, are 
visited by tramps, they think of the Savior who 
tramped here on earth so long ago and of His 
words, "Give to him that asketh thee, "I waB a 
hungered and ye fed me," etc. So they prepare a 
good lunch, consisting of bread, butter, meat, 
cake, boiled eggs and so on, and with a large cup 
of good coffee, or rich sweet milk, they give it to 
the poor traveler, trying always to speak some 
kind words at the same time. When those tramps 
open their lunch they find good food for both 
body and 1 soul, for their lunches are wrapped in a 
good religious paper, while within a suitable tract 
is inclosed a little salt or sugar. 

We know such people are not always ignorant or 
heartless, and we have seen them reading the 
papers, while others, who ate their lunch at the 
house, afterward carefully folded the papers and 
tracts and put them in their pockets. We always 
fold small parcels in tracts and larger ones in good 
religious papers, knowing how curious people are 
and how carefully they examine nearly every bit 
of paper that comes in their way, though many of 
them would scorn to be seen reading a tract, if 
boldly asked to do so. 

We expect this year to send some tracts through 
the mails, accompauied by Christmas cards. We 
have known a poor person to receive replies (from 
distant strangers) to public appeals, in the form 
of a bundle of tracts, in which was inclosed a 
small donation of cash. 

Tracts ought to be kept in all reading rooms. 
It is well for teachers, school-mates and others to 
obtain tracts, printed in the form of little books, 
in poenie, on beautiful, tinted paper, and in many 
other attractive forms, to give away as presents 
on the last day of Bchool and at other times. 
Such gifts will usually be kept as beautiful souv- 
enirs, read, reread, and remembered. Their in- 
fluence often extends throughout life and eternity. 
We know by experience that this is true. 

Another good way is to have some tracts print- 
ed on letter paper in script, in exact imitation of 
a friendly letter, inclosed in envelopes and sent to 
the address of personB for whom they are suita- 
ble. They are sure to be read. It is well, as far 
as possible, to use judgment or discretion 
giving tracts. If your neighbor is i 
do not pounce upon him the first thing with a 


sermon cm baptism. Give him a few tracts on 
other subjects, upon which he folly agrees with 
you; afterward (having thus won his approval}, 
hand him a few tracts, treating on subjects to 
which he has not given much thought and upon 
which he has not formed an opinion. If possible, 
have some conversation with him upon the more 
important subjects, or have him to hear a sermon 
on them before you offer the tracts which you 
know are contrary to his belief, or hand him some 
of a general character, like "The House we Live 
in," "The Lighthouse," etc. Then, after his 
mind has been aroneed to think upon the Truth, 
give him a tract like "A Sermon on Baptism." 
After it hae been well digested, hand him ''Ten 
Reasons for Trine Immersion," and finally "Trine 
Immersion Traced to the Apostles." If a soul is 
seeking light, give him ''The Path of Life," 

In giving promiscuously, or to strangers, it is 
well to begin with the leaflets, and afterward use 
the doctrinal tracts. To use them wisely, we 
should study the character, education and belief 
of those who are to receive them, and give*accord- 
ing to their needs, remembering to be cautious 
lest we should give offense, for the Lord com- 
manded his apostles to be wise as serpents and 
harmless as doves. We should also remember that 
we are the light of the world, or, in other words, 
that "actions speak louder than words." A tract, 
accompanied by a scowl, can never do good. Like 
flakes of snow which melt and sink, they must be 
accompanied by smiles, which are as sunshine to 
drive them down into the heart. 

Tracts are only seeds. Seeds must be followed 
by sunshine, rain, clouds, darkness and light, and 
plants must have hoeing, weeding, thinning and 
much careful tending. So must we accompany 
and follow our tracts by loving, earnest prayers, 
sympathy, smiles, kind words, songs of praise and 
admonition, good deeds, earnest conversation and 
holy lives. We know a sister who used to read 
the "Brethren's" letters and tracts, admiring 
them, but thinking," " Ah, yes, their doctrine is 
very good, but their lives, their actions, their 
hearts are no better than other people's. All 
Christians claim to follow Jesus, but when it 
comes to trouble and sacrifice, they care only for 
themselves," But the good brother and sister 
who had sent her so many letters and tracts, final- 
ly had opportunity to prove by their loving sym- 
pathy and timely kindness, that they were, in- 
deed, living the blameless lives, taught by the 
example of Jesus and professed by the little 
tracts. Then she turned to them for more light, 
came out of darkness and entered the straight 
and narrow way. 

We must not expect every tract to make a con- 
vert. If we scatter the seeds broadcast, we must 
expect Boine to fall upon rocks or hearts of btouo, 
some on ice or on shallow ground, and some 
among thorns, but some will be sure to fall on 
good ground, to spring up and grow and bear 
fruifc. We need not We discouraged if we never 
see the fruit. It takes the great tree a long time 
to grow, but when it finally yields its fruit, it 
more than pays for the trouble of planting. The 
beautiful century plant does not yield its blos- 
soms to the same one who dropped the seed, but 
our children enjoy the gorgeous sight. Not ev- 
ery sermon that is earnestly preached, after much 
prayer, study and toil, leads a soul to Christ, but 
if, in all our lives, we can be the means of saving 
one soul, how we ought to rejoice! It is well 
worth all the time, labor and means of one short 
earthly existence to save a soul for God, — to 
bring one poor lost soul to Jesus, to heaven, to 
everlasting life and happiness. So let us not bo 
weary in well-doing, but patiently, humbly and 
gladly scatter the little seeds of Truth wh 

i'l- :t- 

hia blessing, until they grow up into gi 
fal trees of beauty and usefulness. 

We have read of a dear old miniete] w! - 
preached and prayed and labored in the same 
place for many years, and never made but one 
convert, and that was only a boy. But years aft- 
er, when the good old man lay beneath the sod 
(or rather when he had gone (o the heavenly 
mansion where his treasures were), the golden 
sheaves began to come in by fche hundreds and by 
the thousand. That boy had become an ei 
couki-.'c rated riiififiiojiuL'y t-'i ir::\-- -!.■.:•■ ■■:<■..: '■ ■ ■■■ [ ■-'->■,■'< 
was smiling upon his labors. Therefore, if we 
can do almost nothing but distribute a few tracts, 
they may win a soul to Jesus, and thi E . oul mai 
win many more, each of them in turn gaining 
others, so that, after all, the results will i at-rivi I 
our greatest expectations and Christ will say, 
" Well done, thou good and faithful servant." 



Along with my list of subscribers for Gospel 
MESSENGER for the year 1892 I sent eight names 
marked ''donated" without further explana 

in that se 

$7.00, were fura 
er). These nan 
grown-up and m 

shed by o 
es iueliid 

They are all out 

side the c 

the old father's 


s unt 

1- the. 

ceiving tbo pap 

He says they 

are all ir 

uch p 




"New Tear's" 

pressnt. ; 

s far 

G3 no 



from thorn. 

That, I belie 

re, is the 



of F3 ilicl 

presents, somtt 

ling that 

rill ft 


to a 

; ! 

life, of greater i 



■h wh 

eh p 


in heaven may 1 

In this government every one has a part, and 
every one is thrown upon his own responsibili- 
ty,— every one ruling and every one ruled, so long 
SB wo hear the church. So long as we assent to 
be governed, she reproves, rebukes and exhorts, 
but so soon as we withdraw our assent, she just 
bly Ifets us alone. 
The church exercises a judicial power in refer- 
ence to the application of the GoBpel. The 
church interprets for the individual, and not the 
individual for the church. The individual is not 
the body, but only a band, a font, an ear, an eye, 
at most only a member of the body and must be 
governed by tbo body. 

In matters of expediency and all questions of 
doubtful propriety, the church is the judge. In- 
dividuals must hear the church, and not the 
church the individuate. Show me a man that 
wants a "thug saith the Lord" for everything, 
and I will show you one who wants to rule, — one 
who is set on his own way, one who will not hear 
the church, and one who is not governed by the 
spirit of the Gospel. 

The church does not make laws, but she acts 
upon the principle of the laws already given. 
The church elects her own officers and does her 
own work, ruled by the one law, " the Word." In 
ter executive capacity she has full and complete 
ontrol of her officers, her work, and of her mem- 
»era. She has power and she must use it, else 
he cause sutlers. 

The Gospel-alone doctrine is dangerous and 
aisleading in the extreme. Ono who must have 
. plain command not to play cards, not to horse 
ace, not to attend theaters and the like, is a Gos- 
wl-aionn man. Away with such doctrine; for it 
tpoatolicl It is blighting to the church, in 
til of her efforts to suppress tin and evil. 

S. N. MgCann. 

that bright day of 



rom a Sermon by Eld. Daniel Hayes, oa 

Govsrrunenf, to the Bridge water Bible 

Glass, Jan. 17, 1892. 


one is peculiarly blest. It would be a 

6S.1 alt matter for any to look around him and 

st see others in more trying circumstances than 

! i be has had losses, ho can find thoEe who 

rei nfPered greater losses; if he has bodily afflic- 

, he can find, those who have been more sore- 

afflicted. In one way or another he has es- 

iped that to which his neighbor has fallen victim, 

:■' mere thought of which makes him shudder. 

here never is a time in any life when thanksgiv- 

ig cannot appropriately be the chief portion of 

The Gospel tyiessengep 

utly at the head of the 
reat law-giver for the body and 

j the bodj 

; the 

mg forward this 
of all, by-all, and 

for all. Her power to govern rests upon the con- 
sent of those who are governed, which concent is 
always given before they can become a part of the 
body. So soon as an individual does not assent 
to her power, she just lets him alone, withdraws 
from him, and leaves him to his own folly. Tho 
church just moves on in her grand and glorious 
work, letting those go back to their own element, 
we go, trusting in the Giver of all good to bestow ! who will not hear her counsel. 

,- I n 

an Baptist 

or Brethren's 


c New Testament and 

c and p 

.ir.itivc Ci.i 


allible rule ol 

vard Cod. 

mind, bapti 

m by Trine Ii 

no! (he Ho 

y Ghost by t 

n into the 

ousehold of God,— the 

i (u!I meal, and, tn 
tlie evening or after 

Charity, is binding 

rit and self-denying 

i of Jesus Christ. 

( Plain Dressing and of Nonconformity 

S : cw Testament, should be observed by 

that Christ and the apostles have en- 
he conflicting theories and discords of 
l ground that all must concede to be in- 

g^-The above principles < 
on our " Brethren's Envelope? 
per package; 40 cents per hv 

5W Fraternity are set forth 
Use them I Trice, 15 cents 


Feb. 9, 1892. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A Weekly at $1.50 Per Annum. 

The Brethren's Publishing Co. 

J. B. Brumbaugh, | 

J. G. ROYER, ( 


Associate Editors, 
Business Manager. 

1 lor publication should be legibly written with 
black ink on ono side ol the paper only. Do not attempt to Interline, or 
to put on one page what ought to occupy two. 

t»-Anonymous communications will not be published. 

^-Do not ml* business with articles lor publication. Keep your 
communications on separate sheets irom all business. 

ESTTime is precious. We always have time to attend to business and 
tolnswer questions oi importance, but please do not subject us to need 
less answering of letters. 

t«»-The Messenger is mailed each week to all subscribers. II the ad. 
dress is correctly entered on our list, the paper must reach the person to 
whom it is addressed. If you do not get your paper, wnte us, giving p r- 

fS-\Vhen changing your address, please give your forme,- ;,s well as 
your future address in full, so as to avoid delay and Misunderstanding, 
i^- Always remit to the office from which you order your goods, no 

>e thei 



7 s each, to pay for collection. 

'3*- Remittances should be made by Post-office Money Order, Dralts 

n \ v .,:- ri,ii,.,l -Iphia or Chicago, or Registered Letters, nude pay- 
able and addressed to " Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount Morris, 111.," 
or " Brethren's Publishing Co., Huntingdon, Pa." 
Eir-Entercd at the Post-office at Mount Morris, III., as second-class 

Mount Korris, 111., 

Feb. 9, 18 

Bbo. J. I. Millek reports that one Teas recently 
baptized at K.euka, Fla. 

Bro. J. M. Mohleb, of LewiBtown, Pa , writes 
that he is now holding a series of meetings in the 
Sugar Creek congregation, Allen Co., Ohio. 

Bbo. David Bechtelheimeb, who has been 
spending some time in Indiana, has returned to 
the "West, and may now be addressed at Juniata, 
Adams Co., Nebr. 

To-day there are men who are probably faithful 
„,ily because they are in the lead and feel that 
they must do what is right in order to hold their 
position. As long as the road is smooth and all 
goes well, such men may be trusted, but they can 
never be depended upon when men's souls are be- 
ing tried. We need men who are faithful at heart, 
regardless of leadership. Such men can be trust- 
ed anywhere in the great Christian army. 

Bro. R. H Miller is very slowly improving, 
bat he is by no menus out of danger. The dis- 
ease seems to have been overcome, but he is quite 
weak and it seems to be only a question of wheth- 
er he has strength enough left to build np. How- 
ever, he is well composed, rests well and thinks 
he is going to recover. Many prayers are offered 
up in his behalf, and we trust the Lord will spare 
him for the sake of his little family as well as for 
the sake of the church which still stands greatly 
in need of hie talent. 

If the newspapers can be relied upou, Russia is 
in a very unfortunate condition indeed. Her vast 
military and police forces hnve enabled her to 
send to Siberia, in exile, all those of her citizens 
unfriendly to the government. This has given 
rise to a wide-spread feeling of indignation against 
the policy of the government. Add to this tho 
wholesale persecution of the Jews, and the great 
famine, now in her very midst, with an enormous 
war debt, and RtiBsia is by no means to be envied. 
But it is said that the worst is yet to come, for in 
portions of the Empire people will soon be 
driven to a state of desperation that may know no 

For the information of those who are inquiring 
after the New Testament with notes, which Bro. 
Lewis W. Teeter is preparing to publish, we wish 
to Btate that the work is not yet ready for the 
press. It requires time to prepare a work of that 
kind. Before being published it is to be exam- 
ined by a committee appointed for that purpose. 

Many are very willing to call on God daily for 
help, but they do not want the Lord to call on 
them for a little daily service. They would like 
to see the hungry fed, the sick visited and even 
the Gospel preached to the poor, but do not want 
the Lord to ask them to help do it. But when it 
comes to the honor and blessings they are per- 
fectly willing to receive a double portion, and yet 
they attempt to think themselves honest and con- 
sistent. It is unto some of this olass that the 
Lord will one day say, "Depart from me; I never 
knew you." He does not reoognize people who 
are so one-sided and selfish. 

One of our ministers writes of a false prophet, 
pretending to be the forerunner of Christ, travel- 
ing through Indiana, selling a book and attempt- 
ing to deceive the people. It seems to ub that no 
man of good sound sense could possibly be de- 
ceived by such pretenders. Christians must learn 
to have more confidence in the Bible than to per- 
mit their faith to be in the least disturbed by any 
false teacher or leader. The American people 
have certainly seen enough of these pretenders, 
and their failures, to afford all the warning need- 
ed. Oar people must learn to have some self-re- 
liance when it comes to matters of this kind. 

Bbo. W. R. Deeter, we learn, is engaged in a 
series of meetings at Mexico, Ind. He recently 
closed a series of meetings in the Spring Creek 
church with eight additions. 

On account of sickness in his family Bro. J. H. 
Miller had to close his very interesting series of 
meetings at Blissfield, Ind., just at a time when 
many were applying for baptism. Ten had al- 
ready made application when he left. 

One of our contributors calls attention to Prov 
18:13, which readB thus: "He that answereth i 
matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame 
unto him." By this we understand that a 
should hear both Eides of a difficulty before 
dering a decision. 

Eld. Sasfobd H. Sayler, of the Middle Fork 
church, Ind, died Jan. 25, at the age of sixty- 
en years. As a man he stood well in hia commun- 
ity, and his death will be a great loss to the church, 
for he was an exemplary Christian preacher. Hr 
has always been noted for his fine singing. A 
suitable notice will appear in the obituary column 

Ii you are in doubt about a thing being right or 
wrong, place yourself on the safe side of the doubt 
and watch developments. It will always be found 
safe to avoid that which is of doubtful or ques- 
tionable propriety. In short, do everything in 
good faith and avoid the doubts. If you cannot 
ask God's blessings on what you are doing, there 
must be something wrong about it 

In his sermon on the prayer-covering during 
the recent Bible Term at McPherson, Hans., Bro. 
Chas. Tearout made some good points. We clip 
the following paragraph, concerning the sermon, 
from the Educator: " Taking 1 Cor. 11: 1-15 for 
his text, he called attention to the fact that when- 
ever it was proper for a man to have his head un- 
covered, the woman should have a covering on her 
head. (2) The hair is a covering, but not the 
covering meant by the apostle, as shown by verse 
6. (3) Christie the head of the church and not 
until a woman is in Christ Jesus can Christ be 
her real head. (4) Her hair is given her for an 
honor, not for a token of power. (5) A token is 
necessary to show the power under which the 
Christian woman prajB or prophesies, the same as 
a flag shows the power under which a ship sails. 
(6) An insult to a sign of authority is an insult to 
the authority itself. (7) A woman is also to have 
this sign of authority for the sake of the angels 
which are ministering spirits to those who are 
heirs of salvation." 

In this issue will be found a letter from sister 
Cunning, of Vinton, Iowa, showing that the news- 
papers had no just grounds for stating that Bhe 
was cruelly treated when baptized a few weeks 
ago. It is astonishing how much capital has been 
made out of this case, and we trust her letter will 
put an end to the many false statements going the 
rounds of the papers. Let our Brethren see that 
the letter is published in some of the papers that 
have been bo free to circulate the false reports. 
It iB, however, advisable that our Brethren exer- 
cise all needful caution when baptizing in very 
cold weather, in order that applicants do not suf- 
fer too greatly, and also that the world may not 
have too great an opportunity to make capital of 
the manner in which the sacred rite is performed. 
We have seen much baptizing done in very cold 
weather, and have the first evil or sickness to see 
resulting therefrom. And now, after all that the 
papers have said concerning this particular case, 
we learn that no harm to the sister has resulted 
| therefrom in the least. 

A bbotheb writes us that a certain congrega- 
tion haB been almost ruined by a too free use of 
anonymous letters. A practice of this kind ia to 
he greatly regretted, and yet, if everybody wquld. 
treat this class of letters as we dp, they would 
prove absolutely harmless. We Beldom even read 
such letters, unless they start out very pleasantly 
and continue with a good line of thought to the 
end. As a general thing an anonymous letter goes 
into the waste-basket very quickly, and from there 
to the fire. It is wise never to trouble yourself 
over an anonymous letter, or at least never let any 
one know that you receive such letters. Lettere 
of this class represent nobody, a class of people 
who are not responsible for anything. The less 
attention you pay to them the better. So just put 
your anonymous letters in the fire, go on about 
your business, do what is right and keep a clear 

conscience. ___^ 

Charles Haddon Spubqeon, the ablest pulpit 
orator of this century, passed away the last day of 
January, at the age of fifty-eight yeare. He has 
been in ill health for six months or more, and 
though his death was almoBt daily expected yet 
the news will be received with general Badness. 
Concerning Mr. Spurgeon's life the Chicago Jour- 
nal says: " What entitles JSpurgeon to this extra- 
ordinary praise is not simply hie matchless rhet- 
oric, hie unrivaled voice, his marvelous sermoniz- 
ing and his inexhaustible prolificness. His real 
greatness was moral and spiritual. Where is the 
scandal or the blemish in hifl Christian life? 
When did he ever turn aside from his sublime 
mission to preach politics, to make a sensation, or 
even to deliver a lecture? When did he ever vary 
or waver in his doctrinal views? When did he 
ever manifest the love of human approval, or the 
baBer love of lucre? When and where and how 
did he ever exhibit a trace of unsanctified pride? 
When did he ever cease to plan and work and give, 
of his own meanB, for the noble charities, now for- 
ever associated with his immortal name?" Some 
I preachers of far less magnitude might get a lesson 
on fidelity from the above. 

Feb. 9, 1892. 



We are in receipt of a card from Bro. J. 0. 
LahmaD, stating that he and hie wife reached Haw- 
thorn, Fla., Jan. 29, reqoiring a run of just forty- 
eight hours from Mfc. Mortis. They found the 
weather warm and pleasant Until further notice 
his address will be Hawthorn, Fla. 

Bro. S. W. Hoover, of the Book and Tract 
Work, Dayton, Ohio, dropped in on us very unex- 
pectedly last week. He also preached one very 
interesting sermon in the Chapel. We were glad 
to have Bro. Hoover call on us; it gave ns an op- 
portunity to remind him that our readers would 
appreciate an occasional article from him. He 
promises to write more for the Mebsenger. He 
also reports the Tract Work in an encouraging 
condition, stating that they are doing about twice 
the amount of work this year as compared with 
former years. We are glad to learn that they are 
not only doing a good work but have some very 
important improvements in contemplation. 

They that measure themselves by themselves, 
and compare themselves among themselves are not 
wise, says Paul, and yet there are those who grade 
themselves in that manner. What they see other 
professing Christians do, they think they can do 
also. They reason, "If it is no harm for others 
to do so, I can too." Usually they compare them- 
selves with those who are more or less defective, 
and in this way lower their own condition. We 
should look to a higher standard with a view of 
becoming better. If we muBt compare ourselves 
with others, select thoBe of the better class and 
imitate only the better qualities found in them. 
Paul recognized this principle when he exhorted 
the brethren to be followers of him even as he 
was of the Lord Jesus. . In order to keep up the 
standard of Christianity, we must look higher than 
our ordinary associates. We should look to Jesus 
and* the apostles and labor to imitate the good 
qualities so clearly set forth in them and thus be 
the means of elevating not only ourselves but oth- 


Some time before his death we received from 
Eld. Jesse Crosswhite a communication, stating 
that in the early part of their movement some of 
the Disciple churches practiced feet-washing. We 
have heard similar reports from other sources, and 
now find it confirmed in a late number of the 
Christian Standard. J. S. Lamar is writing the 
" Life of Isaac Errett," the founder and former ed- 
itor of the Standard. Speaking of the period in 
which Isaac Errett's father (Henry) figured, he 

'_' It was but natural that these churches, thus 
going their way towards the light, should some- 
times blunder; that in many cases they should at- 
tach undue importance to the circumstantial and 
transitory; and especially that prevailing errors 
and abuses should drive them into opposite ex- 
tremes. We are not surprised, therefore, to find 
that in a few of these churches such things as the 
kiss of charity and feet-washing were regarded as 
ecclesiastical obligations and binding upon the 
church as a church. It is interesting to note the 
shrewdness and, as I must think, the latent humor 
of Henry Errett in dealing with such things. He 
states the position of the New York church as fol- 
lows: 'The kiss of charity, the washing of feet, 
and the entertainment of disciples, being things 
the performance of which arise from special occa. 
aions exemplified in the New Testament— we deem 
of importance to be attended to on sack occasions, 
* * * As the salutation of the kiss is of no value 

unless it be truly and evidently the fruit of love, 
flowing freely from the heart, they (the New York 
church) conceive that the brethren should be at 
liberty to manifest this mark of affection towards 
each other whenever they feel disposed to do so." 

Thus it is seen how these early Disciple church- 
es were induced to depart from two of the most 
clearly-stated commandments in the New Testa- 
ment. The method adopted is what Mr. Lfimar 
would call "shrewdness" and "humor," a very 
successful method indeed by which to lead away 
from the light those not thoroughly rooted and 
grounded in the Truth as it is recorded in the sa- 
cred writings. The quotation does, however, con- 
firm what many of our aged brethren have repeat- 
edly said in regard to feet-washing haviDg been 
practiced by some of the early Disciple churches, 
a fact that we do not remember to have seen in 
print before this time. As they, and others, were 
induced to turn from the light, they, of course, 
dropped these institutions out of their minds, and 
finally out of their practice. Left to the Gospel 
alone, many religious bodies might have retained 
more of the primitive order in their practice, but 
"shrewdness" and "humor" have always played 
havoc with Christian simplicity, especially among 
those who are not fully established in the Gospel 
order. Our aim is not to offer many comments 
concerning the facts referred to, but to simply 
place the facts on record for the benefit of our 
readers. J. H. M. 


Is it right, according lo the Gospel, and the principles hold 
by the Brethren, for a brother to belong to the Grand Army 
of the Republic, or any other similar institution? If not 
right, what should be done in such a case? It is claimed that 
there is no secrecy connected with such institutions. 

Henry M. Sherky. 

Our Brethren have always held that members 
should not become identified with organizations 
of this class. The Grand Army of the Kepublic 
is a military institution, based solely upon mili- 
tary operations in the past, such as our members 
could not take part in and retain their fellowship 
in the church. It is also, in character, a purely 
worldly institution, and sustains no relation what- 
ever to that Christianity which discourages war 
and preaches the Gospel, of peace. The simple 
fact that it is not a secret institution does not re- 
move the objectionable character. There is no 
necessity, whatever, for our members to unite 
with any of these worldly institutions. They 
should rather give their time, influence and means 
to the furtherance of the principles which we, as 
a church, hold; principles which we know to be 
clearly set forth in the Gospel. Members, who 
have identified themselves with these worldly 
ganizations, should be carefully, prayerfully and 
patiently admonished to withdraw from them. 
This should be done in a fatherly manner so as to 
save them if possible. If such kind treatment 
proves of no avail, then it would be proper to deal 
with them according to 2 Thess. 3: 6, which says, 
" Now we command you brethren, in the name of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw your- 
selves from every brother that walketh disorder. 
Iy." Walking with a worldly organization, con- 
trary to the wishes of the Brethren, is certainly 
walking disorderly. 

That the salutation, or holy kiss, is a divine injunction is a 
fact undeniable. Therefore, why do not the Brethren ob- 
serve it at public gatherings, such as sales, educational meet 
ings, etc., as well as on;meeting days? Surely, if we breathe 
In the full sense of Matt. 5: 16 it will prompt us to act at all 
times alike. Perry B, Fitzwater. 

Matt. 5: 1G is referred to. It reads as follows: 
"Let your light so shine before men, that they 
may see your good works and glorify your Father 
which is in heaven," There are several ways of 
saluting those we meet, such aa the shake of the 
hand, the use of the kiss, or merely bpeaking, all 
of which may be used by the Christian, but the 
one specially recommended in the Gospel iB the 
holy kiss, or kiss of charity. There are times and 
occasions when it seems in good keeping with the 
spirit of the Scriptures for Christian neighbors to 
salute each other by merely speaking, saying 
"Good morning," or something of the kind. Not 
only so, but we all do this way, from one end of 
the land to the other, without thinking it in the 
least unbecoming even the mo3t devout. We thus 
meet and salute each other on the street, at places 
of business, etc. In these business and everyday 
relations we often Bhake hands, and sometimes sa- 
lut? with the kiss, governed largely by the feel- 
ings and circumstances. We need not be so for- 
mal in saluting those we meet so often in our ev- 
eryday life. Besides, we Bbould avoid UBing the 
kiss in a manner that will tend to destroy its sa- 
cred meaning, or lower it to a commonplace af- 
fair. If at a sale, or any other placo of business, 
we should meet those with whom we are quite fa- 
miliar in every-day life, we see no more use in in- 
sisting on the holy kiss then, than we would in or- 
dinary neighborly greetings, and yet if two, who 
had not met for a time, should feel to embrace 
each other as Christian brethren, that, too, would 
seem quite appropriate. Certniuly we should let 
our light shine, but not in such a way as to cause 
our good to be evil spoken of. At sales, or any 
other place of the kind, let brethren approach each 
other with a becoming degree of confidence, and 
not stand off and shake hands as though they 
were afraid to get near each other. At all of our 
religious and social gatherings we admire a free 
use of the salutation of the holy kiss, but at other 
places and under other circumstances let it he 
used prudently. Let everything be done decently 
and in order. 

Please tell us why it is that among the Brethren one leads 
in a prayer and another closes with the Lord's prayer? Give 
us Scripture for the practice. I do not like lo practice what I 
may not understand. E. F. Burrow. 

We can give no special Scriptural reason for the 
practice, but the habit, if not abused, is at least in 
harmony with the spirit of the Scriptures through- 
out. The practice was adopted very early in the 
history of our people, and there is probably no 
reason for discontinuing it. Some have suggested 
that the Lord's prayer might be U6ed only at the 
close of public meetings and omitted in the open- 
ing exercises. This, it would seem, has been left 
to the discretion of the church, Christ only saying 
to his disciples, "When ye pray, say, Our Fa- 
ther," etc. The church having adopted the prac- 
tice of using this model prayer at the close of all 
public prayers, we feel like insisting upon the 
practice being continued in good faith. While 
there, may be no Scripture directly demanding the 
use of it at the close of all others, there is certain- 
ly none discouraging its use, and there is prob- 
ably no good reason for any one to decline fol- 
lowing our long-establiBhed practice in this re- 
spect, It is, however, very important that we 
have our minds in proper condition to use the 
prayer when occasion demaudB it. He who un- 
derstands the meaning of the Lord's prayer, and 
is in the proper frame of mind to use it, need not 
fear to repeat it at any time that the general usag- 
es of the Brotherhood call for it, J. n. m. 


Feb. 9, 1892. 


»-Church News solicited lor tills Department. II 

Travel should be as short as possible. Land Advertisements are not so- 
licited lorthis Department. We have an adverllsinB pafie. and. '« 

Location Desired. 

Being afflicted with bronchial or throat trouble, 
and having been advised by physicians to go to a 
mild and more uniform climate, I have decided to 
change locations, provided I can better my condi- 

1. I wish to purchase a little home and locate 
in a mild and healthy climate, among the Breth- 
ren, or wherever there is a good prospect and 
opening for them to labor, and where there are 
good society and school privileges for my children. 

2. I wish to go where farming and fruit-raising 
is a success, that being in my line of worlt. 

I would not be able to buy a home where land 
sells high, as I am a poor man, but I am not 
afraid of labor. I am thirty-two years of age and 
in the second degree of the ministry. I should 
be glad to correspond with any reader of the 
Messenger, who is able to give me the desired 
information. I have chosen this way of making 
my desires known to many, thinking that possibly 
some one might know of a situation that would 
suit me,— one where I could be useful in the Mas- 
ter's cauEe, and a benefit to my fellow-creatures. 
Abraham M. Frantz. 
Dawson, W. Va. 

should apply soon. The chanceB are decreasing. 
I heard a man say the other day that Arkansas is 
the best cheap laud country in the United States. 
Then we want one State evangelist to go any- 
where, every-where, to preach in houses or out of 
doors, as it may chance to happen, in Beason or 
out of season. He ehould keep right on preach- 

I£ we can get such an one, the Mission Board 
must look after him, and I am also willing to help 
care for him, as much as I can. We need such a 
brother, and need him now. He must, however, 
expect to take it rough and tumble,— just as it 
comes. Sometimes he will fare pretty well, and 
sometimes quite the other way. I mention this 
so you will not bo discouraged when hardships 
come,— get, discouraged and run back home, and 
go to visiting among the large churches, where, 
while yon are preaching, from three to eight 
preachers are sitting to listen to you. That's not 
business. If any other brethren or sisters are 
willing to come and settle with us, to help build 
up the churches, let them come along; there is 
plenty of room, and all can help that will. 

J as B. Gish. 
Stuttgart, Ark. 

From Bridge-water, Va. 

Through the benevolence of some whose " heart 
is right," we were induced to attend the " Special 
Bible Term" of the Bridgewater College. We 
had never visited any of the Brethren's schools, 
and on our arrival we were very agreeably sur- 

Our wish was to stay longer, and then go to 
other towns where callo are now made, but I was 
compelled to return home, to save my crop and . 
lay in wood and provision for my family during 
the winter. Not wishing to deny the faith, I 
must provide for my own. 1 Tim. 0: 8. My wife 
and I husked corn daily for two weeks in Decem- 
ber. It would have been good weather for meet- 
ings, but I could not be at more than ono place at 
a time, and, of course, the meetiugs were not held. 
Since I did get my work done, I have not enjoyed 
the best of health, so I have, remained at home, 
reading the Word and writing what I could. But 
I hope soon to be able to go away again and help 
build up the waste places of Zion. Isa. 51: 3. 
May the Lord help and bless the work in every 
place! Landon West. 

Jan. SO. 

Mission "Work in Arkansas. 


We want three preachers and three deacons to 
settle at three different places where land is cheap, 
ranging in price from Si.00 to S0.00 per acre. 
Land with some little improvement is sold from 
S6.00 to $10.00 per acre. Timbered land, when 
put in good shape, is fairly productive. All three 
places are reasonably near to the railroad. We 
want brethren that will go at it on the old Btyle — 
brethren that are able and willing to work six 
days in the week on the farm and preach and 
build np the church on Sunday. 

About all the churches that we have established, 
of any note, have been established that way,— by 
a local ministry. This is what we need, here and 
every-where- Arkansas, in many places, is com- 
paratively a new country. The timbered parts 
are somewhat like Ohio and Indiana once were. 

My yonng brethren, are you willing to face the 
work? Are you willing to clear up farms and 
make homes? If yon are come on; land is cheap 
yet. I will try to assist you to get a start. But 
if you only want soft places, big pay and little 
work, this country is not the place for you. This 
all means work, — physically and mentally. 

We want a preacher and a deacon at Palestine, 
St. Francis Co., Ark. Write to Bro. Jacob Miller, 
or Bro. Aaron Sloniker (with stamps). 

We want one preacher and one deacon at Aus- 
tin, twenty miles north of Little Rock, where 
there are six members and no preacher. Write to 
Bro. J. C. Valentine. Land is cheap at that point 
and near market, and there is a good opening for 
settlement It is located in Lonoke County. 

Then we want one preacher and one deacon to 
settle near Werner, Poinsett County. Here land 
is cheap, and five or six members are already 
here. The settlement is composed mostly of peo- 
ple from Ohio. Write to Bro John Coyn with 

I would just say this, that brethren that want 
cheap homes, and are willing to do the work, 

Often it has been remarked by some of our ex- 
tremely cautious Brethren that the " College will 
ignore the order of the Brethren in dress and lead 
off into pride, and soon the yonng members can- 
not be recognized from the world." 

We notice in many congregations that the 
church does not cling so tenaciously to Gospel 
simplicity as in former days, but here, in this 
school, we are able to recognize the members of 
the church without being told that they are breth- 
ren or sisters. Their actions and appearances tell 
us they are "Dankers." As long as the Faculty 
continues the example, we may look for the same 

We notice the accommodations are good. The 
students are well fed, and expenses are moderate. 
Bro. S. N. MeCaun gives instruction in " Chris- 
tian Evidences " and " Bible Doctrine." His de- 
nunciations of hypocrisy and earnest appeals for 
faithful devotion is an evidence that he has been 
with the Lord. 

Bro. S. F. Sanger gives instruction in Bible 
Geography in such a way as to show that he has 
been following the Lord. 

Bro. D. Hays lectures on "Church Govern- 
ment" and "Bible Exegesis." Surely he is a 
workman that needeth not to bo ashamed, rightly 
dividing the Word of Truth. We have not yet 
had time to visit the classes in other branches. 
Time is valuable here. C. D. Hslton. 

A Confession. 

Herewith find a letter from C. Girl, of Corro 
Gordo, 111., for publication in the Messenger. 
He gave his consent to have it published in the 
Messenger and the Southern Californian. This 
is sent to you by order of the church in Lords- 
burg. J - s - Floey, 
T. J. Nair, 
J. F. Neher, 
B. F. Masterson. 


Decatur, III, Sept. 30, 1891. 
Mr. Eshelman:— Your lines were received this 
morning, and in reply' I will Eny that your ad- 
monition has come to hand just in time. I was 
juBt thinking that I would write a letter to you 
and ask forgiveness for my personality both in 
the book and also for my personal writing to you. 
It is wrong to do any injury to our fellow-mortals. 
It is carnal to do evil for evil, but while it is hu- 
man to err, it is divine to forgive.. 

I will make a hasty acknowledgment, first to 
you and then to all I have offended in my weak- 
ness and carnal way of speaking or writing to any 
and all of you Brethren. And I make a special 
request of you to read this letter before the sev- 
eral churches of the Brotherhood in California, 
and it is my sincere and special request to one 
and all, to forgive my many offenses that I have, 
in my weakness, given to you and many others. 
I remember our Savior's instructions to his fol- 
lowers, and not only to hiB followers, but to all of 
our fellow-beings. The Savior eajs, "Ho that 
will not forgive shall not bo forgiven." This is 
his positive language, and we do well to heed the 
same. I pray the Lord'B Prajer daily and Bay 
alond, "Forgive our debts as wo forgive our debt- 
ors," and I pray God to give, me a forgiving spir- 
it. Please tell the Illinois brethren to let me 
hear from them soon. C. Girl. 

From Lanier, Freble Co., Ohio. 

I last wrote from Washington C. H, Oh 
when at work with the colored people. I sts 
with them till Nov. 30, having good meetings, but 
some opposition. We had no place of meeting 
excepting in private houses, and when an empty 
house was obtained, though only a Bhell of thin 
plank, a neighbor, who had no right to house or 
contents, came and took away the stove and sold 
it. But just then our friend Baker drew his pen- 
sion from Washington, D. C, and he bought an- 
other stove and gave it to the meeting. Three 
more were baptized, making eight in all at this 
new point in a month, from Nov. 1 to Nov. 30. 

From Upton, Pa. 

By special request of Bro. David Wengert, who 
has been ottlicted for the past week and is now 
confined to bis bed, which prevents him from 
makiDg a report of their meeting held at the Clay 
Lick church-house, in the Welsh Euu congrega- 
tion, Franklin County, Pa , I would say, that, on 
the evening of Jan. 2, in accordance with former 
arrangements, I met with the Brethren of that 
place, to help them in holding a series of meet- 

i n K s ' \ „ 

This congregation is presided over by Bro. 
Nicholas Martin, and at this end is assisted in 
the ministry by brethren David Wengert and Da- 
vid M. Zuck. Owing to the great distance that 
Bro. Martin lives from the place of meeting, k" 
I was not with us. Bro. D. Wengert not being i» 
igood health, and on account of Bro. D. Zuckn 

Fob. 9, 1892. 


wife's illness and death, he waB not permitted to 
be with us eo very often, and the result was that 
we were, at times, left alone. The meetiDg closed 
Jan. 17. Notwithstanding a great deal of sick- 
ness in the community and some inclement weath- 
or, and, at times, bad roads, the attendance kept 
up fairly well. The interest was very good and 
the meetings closed with nearly a full house. As 
a result of the meetings, we had five Additions, 
four of whom are to be baptized in the near fut- 
ure. One was restored to the fold. The "brethren 
and BiBters expressed themselves as having been 
much revived and strengthened. We, in company 
with the brethren, did considerable visiting, and 
certainly enjoyed it much. They were all very 
kind to us. "We entertain the fond hope that, if 
we may never meet again on earth, we may meet 
in heaven. 

The Brethren of the Back Creek congregation, 
adjoining the one in which the foregoing meeting 
was held, desire that we help them in a series of 
meetings in the Upton church Jan. 24, which we 
have agreed to do. T. F. Imler. 

Jan. 21. 

From the Spring Creek Church, Ind. 

Bro. Wm. H. Deeter, of Milford, Ind., is now 
conducting a series of meetings at our Center 
house, near Dodgertown. The meeting has been 
running one week, with large congregations and 
the very best of attention. We hope to be able to 
send you a favorable report when the meetings 
close. We hope that many may " be added unto 
the church, both men and women." 

There is a good dealof sickness here just now. 
Bro. Lewis Workman has been confined to his 
house for five weeks, and part of the time to his 
bed. I am happy to say that he is now much bet- 

Later. — We had two applicants for baptism, 
and others said that they would soon come. May 
God help them to come! E. Miller. 

Sidney, Ind. 

Botes by the Way. 

I AM glad to say that 1 have about recovered 
from La Grippe and that I hope to be able, by 
next week, to resume my ministerial labors again. 
I have several series of meetings to hold yet this 
winter, if health permits. 

Just one month has elapsed Bince I came home 
sick, but I was able to talk some last Sunday and 
to preach a funeral on Monday. Bro. Daniel 
Snell's meetings closed at the Donald's Creek 
church on the evening of Jan. 10 with good inter- 
est. The attendance at this Beries of meetings 
was not as large as usual on account of so much 
ha Grippe. Two precious souls were baptized. 
May God help them to be shining lights! I feel 
sure the meeting was a good one. Though I could 
not attend but a few meetings, yet, from the re- 
ports I had each day, I am sure the Gospel was 
preached in its primitive purity. Bro. Snell is 
not afraid nor ashamed to hew to the line and to 
the plummet. The church received much good 
counsel that we can ail profit by, if we are willing 
to apply it to ourselves and not give it all away. 

I feel that we need a stirring up in the church 
as well as outside. If the church is cold and can- 
not get warm, it will be hard to make much im- 
pression on the unconverted. At least that has 
been my experience. 

We expect Bro. G. L. 'Studebaker, of Indiana, 
to commence a series of meetings in New Carlisle, 
Feb. 14. I hope I may be permitted to attend 
that series of meetings, and enjoy the blessings of 
home with him, while he is with us. I expect to 
hold some meetings at two isolated points in our 
own district the latter part of March and April, as 

the outskirts must be looked after as well as the 
main body of the church. The poor are too often 
neglected. Henry Fiuntz. 

Forgy, Ohio, Jan. 20. 

From Sweden and Denmark, 

I am always glad to hear through the MESSEN- 
GER from the various churches in America. It 
gladdens us all to see that so many are coming to 
the church and our prayer is, thn*. thoy all may bo 
faithful to the end. 

Now as the year has closed, we praise the Lord 
for all his goodnesB bestowed upon us during the 
past year, aud especially in Bending our dear 
brother and sister Miller to us. Their intention 
was to go to Palestine, but the Lord would have 
them to come here and no farther, for this time. 
His ways are wonderful, but he would teach us to 
take it all with patience. In the end he will show 
us that all is for our good. 

Oct. 1 to Nov. 15 Bro. Hope and I held many 
good meetings at several places, All our mem 
bers, the new as well as the old, were glad to hear 
him preach. By his labors they were much 
strengthened in their faith, and comforted in their 
trials. Bro. Hope has a special gift in that 
spect. When he left us, he went to Denmark to 
hold meetings. He left Tindal Dec. 9. I met 
him in Copenhagen and together we went to Bre- 
men, to eay farewell to brother and eiBter Miller 
who had asked me to come down, so we could 
speak together about the miesion work before they 
left Europe. 

Before Bro. Hope left Tindal, three were bap- 
tized there, and the last evening we were together 
with the members in Copenhagen, a sister was bap- 
tized at that place. All the members met in Bro. 
Hansen's home to say farewell to our dear brother 
before he left them, and they all promised to be 
faithful to the end, and to worm together accord- 
ing to our beloved church order. Dec. 13 we 
reached Bremen at 12 o'clock in the night. We 
had a -very rough voyage on the sea and were a 
day late. 

If I may tell you my opinion about the Messen- 
ger, then I will say, that it is the beBt and cheap- 
est paper I have ever seen. Containing as it does, 
sound doctrine, well edited, and filled with good 
news from all parts of our beloved Brotherhood, 
it is, therefore, well worth SI. 50. It is wonderful 
that it has not yet found its way to all our Breth- 
ren's homes who are able to read English. 

Right here I will say that we are very glad to 
see in its pages that our dear brethren are giving 
so freely to the poor brethren here in Scandinavia. 
I will hereby say to all the noble givers that the 
Lord will give you manifold again, and you may 
rest assured that the means will be properly used, 
because the brethren on the committee are good, 
responsible, and well-to-do. May God bless all 
the cheerful givers! 

After I had said farewell to our dear brother 
and sister Miller and Bro. Hope on board the large 
and comfortable ship, "Havel," I left Bremen, 
Hamburg, Liibeck and Bostock for Copenhagen, 
which place I reached at 7 o'clock P. M., Dec. 17. 
I then went directly to Bro. O. L, Johausen's 
home, where I found the members assembled in a 
prayer-meeting. Many warm prayers were sent 
up in behalf of our dear brethren and our sister 
who were then on the great ocean. The next day 
we had a good meeting with the members in Mal- 
mo and Limhamn, and from there I went to Kjef- 
linge and HOr, at which places I had some very 
good meetings. At all places the travelers on 
the sea were remembered, and we asked the good 
Lord to deliver them from every danger. 

I reached my dear home in safety the day before 
Christmas, glad to see that the Lord had protect- 

ed my family and all the members from all danger 
and evil. On Christmas Day we had a good love- 
feast in my home, two applicants from HOr were 
baptized, and also a sister from Wanneberga. 
The Lord has richly blessed the church at this 
place during this year. At the feast wo had last 
Christmas, there were ouly six members, now we 
number twenty-six. Twenty membors have been 
baptized this year in and around Wanneberga, 
The Lord be praised. 

Dec. 28, I went to HOr again and held two good 
meetings. As a result a sister was baptized there 
yesterday. In HOr we now have seven members. 
That place is twenty miles west from my home 
and is within the bounds of my district The 
members belong to the church here in Wanneber- 

Beloved brethren aud sisters in America, do not 
forget the young members in Sweden in jour 
prayers, that they all may prove faithful to the 
end. Our desire is, that we may all live more for 
His glory this coming year than ever before. God 
grant that this may be tho case! 

We all send much love to you, and are very 
thankful for all you are doing for us. God bless 
yon all! _ John Olsson. 

From tho Middle Creek Congregation, Pa. 

Bno. Rairigh, of Cambria County, Pa , came to 
us Jan. 2 and commenced a series of meetings at 
the Pleasant Hill church, which were continued 
till Jan. 17. Bro. Rairigh's sermons were all in- 
teresting to both saint and sinner. He presented 
the Word of the Lord very forcibly. Three per- 
sons were buried with Christ iu baptism, and 
arose from the watery grave to walk in newness 
of life. Others seemed to be almost persuaded to 
become Christians. Many lasting impressions 
were made during that series of meetings. All 
felt that it was time profitably spent. Bro. Rair- 
igh has made many warm friends outside of the 
Brotherhood. All seemed delighted with the un- 
broken chain by which he had his sermons con- 
nected, and were pleased to see how nicely the 
Holy Scriptures harmonize when properly illus- 
trated. J. W. Wegley. 

Somerset, Pa. 

From Bridgewater, Va. 

Our Bible session is moviug along with good 
interest. We have four regular classes, besides 
the work done by Bro. Hayes on Saturday and 

Our Bible Term will close Jan. 29 aud 30, with 
four questions for discussion. Each one of the 
questions is assigned to ministers for discussion. 

The questions are, " How Can we Obtain the 
best Results in Home Missions?" "How Can we 
Best Overcome the Dangerous Inlluence of Church 
Festivals, Lawn Parties, etc.?" "How Shall we 
Win our Children to the Church?" "How Shall 
We Best Impress Individual Responsibilty on the 
Members of the Church?" 

It will be a blessing to our church, if our Bible 
sessions do no more than inspire our ministers to 
a more devoted study of the Word, and the wants 
of the church. 

May God bless them to that end! 

S. N. McCann. 

Jan. 22. 

From HagerstowD, Md. 

Our series of meetings, which were conducted 
by Bro. Geo. 8. Arnold, of Arlington, W. Va., 
have closed. These meetings commenced Jan. 10. 
Bro. Arnold preached, in all, eighteen very im- 
pressive sermons, and although the weather was 
very inclement, the attendance was fairly good. 
The weather always affects a congregation in the 


city as well as in the country, jet we never fail to 
.meet an appointment on account of the weather. 
The minister is always expected to be there. 

Each evening for half an hour before the regu- 
lar service, Bro. Arnold conducted a song service, 
which was interesting and instructive. We made, 
in all, during the two weeks, fifty-sever, visits, hav- 
ing worship with the aged, the afflicted, and the 
dying, and making social callB at the other places. 
I regard this feature of our evangelistic work a 
very important one, and one that should be very 
carefully studied by our brethren, working in this 
field. The immediate, visible result of our broth 
er's labor was the burial of two precious souls 
with Christ in baptism. The church was much 
strengthened and encouraged. 

W. S. Eeichard. 

Notes From the Second District of West Virginia. 

Brethren having no house of their own, we pro- 

a our meeting into" another house, 

about Two miles distant. We got the consent of 
two of the Trustees, and the appointments were 

My last Notes were written Dec. 23. On the 
25th I left home to attend the dedicatory services 
in Bro. George W. Leatherman's congregation, 
Mineral County, W. Va. Bro George has been 
living in this locality for about four years, and has 
gathered a small congregation during the time. 
They have no house of worship, excepting a 
school-house and that was not satisfactory to some 
of the people, as they were not favorable to our 
doctrine. Hence the Brethren were pressed, or 
rather forced, to build a house. By what help 
they could get, they have a very commodious 
house of worship, well finished, and plain and 
substantially built. 

The house cost something over one thousand 

When we went to our appointment the first 
time, there was a notice on the door, to stay out. 
The cause was this: Bro. D. J. Miller had held a 
meeting some time before, and it was plainly seen 
that the Truth would prevail, as he baptized one, 
and others were near the kingdom. They then 
thought that their craft was in danger. A neigh- 
bor offered us a house on his place, which was 
fitted up as best we could. I preached, in all, 
lermons, but the house was so cold that we 
thought best to close the meeetings. The order 
was excellent and the attention good. One 
precious soul gave us her hand as an applicant 
and said she was ready to be baptized in the near 
future. Others are concerned, and some time in 
the future, if the Lord will, our mind is to go 
back. It is a poor time, however, to hold meetings 
in winter, without a comfortable house. Con- 
derable sickness in the neighborhood was anoth- 
er hindering cause. May God bless these breth- 
ren to prove faithful to their calling and to let 
their light shine, and others will fall in line by 
and by. 

On our way to this place I visited the Asylum. 
Here there was something to think about. I saw 
quite a number in a very sad condition. My 
guide told me there were over nine hundred in- 
mates in the building. The building is said to 
cover five acres of ground. I noticed that many 
of the inmates asked the guide for tobacco 

,„. the gathering in of sheaves, yet we are glad 
that it was our privilege to visit the children in 
Maryland. I can not soon forget them. May 
God so direct our lives that we may meet where 
there is no parting! 0. D. Hylton. 

Hylion, Va. 

The house cost -o'u'I^iml: o\er one ™»e™ ^ w *"— « . 

doflars Dec. 26 was set apart for the dedication, often wondered why al this waste of money 
but the day being so very rainy, it was postponed | made for the weed. A brother told me this wrnter 

until the "30th. However, we had preaching 
during the few days previous. The crowd on the 
day of the dedication was small, as the weather 
was inclement and the roads were none of the 
best, but the audience was very attentive. The 
services were conducted by Bro. George S. Arnold 
and myself. The meeting continued until Jan. 1. 
During the meeting, at intervals, there were other 
ministering brethren present, namely, brethren 
J. C. Frantz, Otis Ebbert and J. Le-athernian. 
The brethren and friends that helped in this work 
are to be commended, and we hops the work may 
prove a blessing, and stand as a monument, and 
especially to Bro. George W.- Leatherman and 
family, who have done so much. 

that hia tobacco bill was often two dollars and 
forty cents a week. I remarked: " Supposing you 
were taxed that much a month for church pur- 
poses." He said, "I don't see how I would raise 
it." Just see how much mora good we could do if 
all this money were put into the Lord's treasury. 
Brethren, please read James 1: 21. 

I returned home Jan. 22 and found my family 
well excepting my wife, who was, however, 
improving. & Annon. 

Thornton, W. Va., Jan. 24, 1892. 

Field Notes. 
Deo. 27 I left home to attend the Ministerial 

On the Way. 

Jan. 10, 1 left home on my way to BlisBville, 
Marshall Co., Ind., to hold a series of meetings. 
On Sunday morning I stopped with the Brethren 
of the Yellow Creek church, and preached for 
them. The same evening I preached for the 
Brethren of the Bremen church. On Monday 
evening, Jan. 11, 1 came to the Blissyille house, 
in the Pine Creek district. Oar meetings at that 
point were well attended, considering the preval- 
ence of La Grippe. I never saw so much sick- 
ness in Northern Indiana as at present. Many 
are dying of lung-fever and La Grippe. 

Our meetings were well attended, with a grow- 
ing interest There were ten applicants for bap- 
tism. All were baptized but one. Two who had 
wandered away, made application to return, to be 
re-instated. The prevailing epidemic is much 
against the success of our meetings. Bro. Amos 
Peters, the presiding elder of the Pine Creek 
church, has been much prostrated, mentally and 
physically, by La Grippe and other causes. 

Our meetings had continued thirteen days, when 
I received^ telegram to return home, owing to the 
sickness of my wife. I read the telegram to the 
congregation. It caused a feeling of regret to 
think that the meetings must now close, while in 
the midst of a glorious revival. The parting was 
very solemn. Many tears were shed, because^ of 
the illness of my wife, and because of my leaving 
them when the prospects were so promising. 

I am now at home, waiting on an invalid, wife, 
but will engage in the "Master's business," as 
3 her health will permit. Those churches 
that have my promise to hold a series of meetings 
for them, will have to exercise patience until I can' 
leave home. The good Lord overrules all for our 
good, and, in the language of a suffering Savior in 
the Garden of Gathsemane, we should submit all 
to the Lord, saying, "Not my will but thine, oh 
God, be done." _ J- H. Milled. 

mily, who have done so niucn. m , u n.u. u™» — " „ on -, 

Jan. 2 I took my leave from this place, as my Meeting, held near Hagerstown, Md„ Dec. 2J and 
arrangements were to meet with the Brethren in 30. I was much pleased with the meeting and 
the Oakland church, Md. I remained with the believe much can be learned at these meetings 
Brethren in Maryland until Sunday evening, Jan. that will be beneficial to the ministry and otners 
10th, and delivered ten sermons. who attend. Eld. David Long was chosen Moder- 

On Sunday, Jan. 10, at 10:30 A. M., Bro. Taylor ator; D. F. Stoufler : Vice-Moderator; David Aush- 
Sines preached the funeral of Bro. John Lewis, erman, Secretary; and W. S. Eeichard, Treasurer, 
assisted by the writer. Our congregations were Quite a number of ministers were present and the 
fair, considering the stormy and cold weather, subjects were discassed with zeal. ^ 

The snow was about two feet deep. The meeting D e0 . 30 at 7 P. M., we preached in Hagerstown, [ 
was a pleasant one and all seemed to enjoy it. an d were glad to see so many members in the city, 
There were none added to the church, but some though quite a number were absent, on account of 
were deeply impressed. Oar prayer is that they 1 8 j c knese, we were informed. 

may come out on the Lord's side before it is too D ec . 31 we came to the Broad Eun church in 
late. This is the church that brother Digmau the Catocton Valley, where we labored with the 
had charge of before he went to Illinois. , Brethren till Jan. 10. We had good congrega- 

Jan. 11 I returned home and found all well tions, considering the weather. A small snow fell, 
excepting my wife, who is rather delicate, and who which made sleighing convenient, and we closed 
was just recovering from an attack of La Grippe, with a crowded house. # 

I left home on Jan. H, to visit the isolated | While here, we made our home with Bro. D 

From Fort Seneca, Ohio. 

Bro. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa , came to the 
Green Spring church, Seneca Co., Ohio, and held 
a series of meetings, commencing Dec. 28, and 
ending Jan. 10, preaching in all twenty-three 
sermons. The church is much revived and en- 
couraged, sinners have been warned and the way 
of righteousness has been set plainly before the 
people. Some were almost persuaded to unite 
with us and we still hope and pray that the good 
seed sown may bring forth fruit in the neat future, 
Bro. Mohler also gave us lessons on Sunday- 
I school work, which will prove a great benefit to 
I us. Bro. Jacob Witmore, of Missouri, also 
stopped with us and preached one sermon. 

Mary E. Miller. 

members in Braxton County, W. Va, where 

arrived on the evening of the 15th. We had 

meeting until the next day. Some of the popnl 

churches (three in number) knowing of my comin^. 

began meetings a day or two before, and wanted where B 

us to join in and hold a union meeting together. \ preached 

iushermau, who is a very active minister. In 

company with Bro Ausherman I visited twenty 

milies during our meeting 

Jan. 11 we attended a funeral at Brownsville, 

fficiated. At 7 P. M. we 

Brownsville and made the acquaint 

n in and hold a union meeting togetner. preacnea in jjrownsvjiie »uu ™. i~ »^m_" 

This we refused to do. But as we were to hold ance of quite a number of brethren and sisters, 
our meetings in a school-house near by, the I While we did not have the pleasure of rejoicing 

From Great Bend, Kans. 

The Walnut Valley church, Kans., met in quar- 
terly council Dec. 19. We had the pleasure of 
having the assistance of Eld. Enoch Eby and Bro. 
Samuel Henry and others. This rendered our 
meeting a pleasant and harmonious one. Bro. 
Eby preached for us each evening until Jan. 23, 
when Bro. Samuel Henry, assisted by the bonis 
ministry, continued the meetings until the even- 
ing of Jan. 27. 

Jan. 13 Bro. George E. Stndebaker, of McPher- 
son Kans., came to us and preached until the 

Feb. 9, 1892. 


evening of Jan. 24, delivering, in all, fourteen 
sermons. He gave us many good instructions, 
and, though there were no immediate accessions, 
yet we feel that many good impressions were 
made and the church much encouraged. We 
hope the Lord may ever bless those brethren for 
their labors of love while among us. 

Michael Keller. 
Jan. 26. 

" Messenger " Poor Fund. 

Henry Willand, Ohio § 2 

Rachel Broadwater, Maryland 

A. B. Smith, Pennsylvania, 50 

Black River church, Ohio, 4 00 

D. P. Keef er, Oregon 40 

Ross Workman, Minnesota, 25 

0. Snyder, Ohio 1 00 

J. W. Wine, Virginia 3 00 

George Renner, Washington, 2 40 

E. E. Riddlesberger, X 00 

Elijah Horner, Ohio, 6 25 

Byron Pennell and wife, Michigan 1 00 

Z. Arnold, Illinois, 2 15 

Harrison Copp, Virginia, 2 00 

J. B. Clapper, Ohio, 1 50 

John H. Stifler, Pennsylvania, 75 

Eliza A. Seabrook, Iowa, 1 50 

James Glotfelty, Iowa, 2 00 

George Hossack, Ontario, 1 00 

Noah Smith, Ohio, 75 

Rachel Fox, Pennsylvania, 40 

Daniel Mohler, Illinois, 50 

J. B. Clapper, Ohio, , 2 35 

James Kurtz, Pennsylvania, 50 

Philip Phillips, Indiana, 25 

Levi Summer, Kentucky, 6 50 

Samuel Rairigh, Pennsylvania, 50 

Henry Bollinger, Pennsylvania, 75 

J. R. Royer, Pennsylvania, .....' 40 

J. W. Bowman, Pennsylvania, 40 

James McBride, Illinois, 40 

W. H. Gift, Illinois '....'. 80 

Mrs. J. D. Myers, Indiana, 50 

Joseph Reiff, Indiana, 40 

A sister, California, 1 00 

N. H. Wallace, Iowa, 1 00 

Mary Croft, Ohio, 1 00 

Rock River church, Illinois, 36 25 

Rachel Tombaugh, Pennsylvania, 40 

Lewis E. Smith, Ohio, 40 

A. N. Huffman, Washington, 4 00 

E. Miller, Indiana, 1 00 

Lizzie High, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

D. G. Hendricks, Pennsylvania, 2 00 

Hannah H. Bean, Pennsylvania, . . . 50 

Covington church, Ohio, 5 55 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Loysburg, Fa. -Bro. Zimmerman, of Somerset 
County, came to the Kooutz church on Friday 
evening, Jan. 8, and continued his meetings untH 
the 17th. Our brother's preaching made good 
impresses among the people of this place. 
There were no additions, but we think many are 
counting the cost— Minnie Guyer, .fan. so. 

Dublin, Ind.-We have just closed a series of 
meetings at the Locust Grove church, Nettl» 
Creek congregation. Bro. Isaac Frantz came h 
us on the evening of Jau. 9, and preached, in all 
twenty-seven sermons to large congregations o 
eager listeners. Ho held forth the Gospel in ill 
primitive purity. Though there were no immedi 
ate accessions, we feel that good and lasting im 

pressions were made.— Charles W. Miller 



Punds for Western Sufferers. 

A brother, Ottobine, Virginia, f 1 75 

Unknown 2 50 

Mary Carl, Bourbon, Ind., 50 

Eliza A. Baxter, Bourbon, Ind., 50 

Infant class and teachers of Keuka Sunday- 
school, Fla., 50 

Missionary Report. 

The following is a report of the Home Mission 
of the Middle District of Pennsylvania, from Oct. 
13, 1891 to Jan. 22, 1892: 

Lost Creek, g 8 00 

Lewistown, 6 37 

Falling Spring 13 00 

New Enterprise 9 26 

Antietam, 17 00 

Total $53 63 

Anbkew Bashobe, Treas. 
Oakland Mills, Pa., Jan. 25. 

Fredonia, Kans.— The Fredonia Brethren Su 
school and church were re-opened Jan. 3. 
weeks ago we had to close on account of the 
let fever. There are still some few cases of 
the country, whilo in the towns it has been 
checked. A goodly number of the brethren and 
sisters met at tho river to-day, Jan. 26, to see one 
precious sonl received by baptism May the 
Lord help him to hold out faithful, is my prayer! 
—Ida Thompson, Jan. 2/1. 

Big Bapids, mien.— I write while waiting here for 
a train home. When I last wrote I was holding 
meetings in Mecosta County, in the Chippewa 
Creek church. Since we left home, Jan. 2, we 
have held thirty meetings, baptized two, and re- 
claimed one. Oh, that there were more workers 
to Bend into tho vineyard, as the harvest is truly 
We see the need of earnest workers who 
are willing to go out into the byways and seek 
after the lost— ff. E. Stone, Jan. 25. 

East Nimishillen, Ohio.-Dee. 17 Bro. J. A. Sell, of 
Pennsylvania, came to us aud held a series of 
meetings for us in the Lake meeting-house, giv- 
ing ns fifteen very interesting sermcnt. Jan. 11 
Stephen Yoder, of Nebraska, came to us arid held 
a series of meetings in the Brick meeting-house, 
continuing until Jan. 22, and giving is twenty in- 
structive sermons. 'Two were added by bapt 
during his meetings. Jan. 23 Bro. Yoder went to 
tho West Nimishiilen church, where he expects to 
preach the Word for a week or more.— A. B\ 
baugh, Jan. 25. 

Bethlehem, Va.-At our council-meeting, Jan. 23, 
one young sister was received by baptism. Two 
oE out number had to be disowned. Let ns, as 
brethren and sisters, try to let our light so shine 
before them, that they may soon see the error of 
their way and return to tho fold—Isaac Bowman. 
Lewistown, Pa.-Jan. 3 Bro. M. Claar commenced 
a series of meetings in the Dry Valley church 
id. the Lewistown congregation, and continued 
the meetings until the evening of Jan. 14. The 
attendance and the interest were good, and we 
hope there were some good impressions made.— 
'«">' Spanogle, Jan. 2.3. 

• Wade's Branch, KaM.-Bro. I. H. Crist camo to us 
on the evening of Jan. 9, to dedicate our new 
meeting- house. The dedication services occurred 
Jan. 10, after which he held forth the Word of 
Truth with power for one week following. Sin- 
ners were made to tremble, and one made the 
good confession.— 6?. M. Lauver, Jan. 25. 

Shannon, Ill.-Jan. 9 Bro. 8. E. Yundt, of Mt. 
Morris, began a series of meetings in the Shannon 
church. In all he preached fifteeu sermons, 
giving a warniug voice to sinners, and urging 
them to repent. He admonished the members to 
faithfulness and zeal in the Master's cause. 
While there were no immediate accessions, some 
were seriously impressed, but delayed until some 
other time. We feel assured that the good im- 
pressions made will not be soon forgotten— D. 

Dislrict meeting.— The District Meeting of Ne- 
braska for 1S92 will be held in the Juniata con- 
gregation on Friday, April 8, commencing at 9 

A. M. A missionary meeting will be held the 
day before, to commence at 10 A, M. All near 
the B. M. R R. will come to Juniata the day be- 
fore, where they will be met by the brethren and 
taken to the place of meeting. Trains from the 
East arrive at 4: 37 P. M., aud from the West at 
9:30 A. M. Those living near the K. C. & O. 

B. R. will be met at Roseland the day before the 
meeting.— Mid. D.ivid Bechtelheimer. 

Nappanee, Ind.— The Union Center church met in 
council Dec. 12. All business passed off pleas- 
antly. We thank God for the spirit manifested 
by the members. Since our last quarterly coun- 
cil we received fifteen members by baptism, but 
have had no series of meetings np to this time. 
Four of these came when Bro. I. J. Rosenberger 
preached at Nappanee; two when he preached at 
Yellow Creek, aud the rest at our regular meet- 
ings. . We think honor is due our Sunday-school 
for part of the work. We have great reason (o 
rejoice that the good spirit is still at work. My 
prayer is that they may all be faithful and be- 
come workers in the church. — Alex. Miller. 

Farmsrsvillo, Ohio.— According to previous ar- 
augements, I boarded tho train at Farmersville, 
Ohio, on the morning of Jan. 8, en route to the 

Keuka, Fla.— We are still staying at Keuka, Fla, 
and find it a very pleasant place to live. The 
church facilities are good. We have had some 
cold weather and the leaves are nipped on some 
of the young orange trees, but the wood is not in- 
jured. Part of the last year's crop of oranges is 
on the trees yet, awaiting a better market Wife 
has had an attack of L-i Grippe in a mild form 

but is better at this time. I think she has been | ^ Ie8san , t y alley ehmch ' Dar ke Co., Ohio. At 
benefited by coming to this mild climate to spend 
the winter. The health is good in and around 
town. — W. H. H. Sawyer, Jan. 19. 

Chicago, 111. — The Brethren of the Chicago 
church held their Communion Jan. 14. Bro. J. C. 
Murray, of Indiana, officiated, assisted by Bro. 
D. L. Miller, of Mt. Morris. I must say it was as 
impressive a feast as I ever attended. The at- 
tendance was not so large, owing to the prev- 
alence of La Grippe. About thirty-four mem- 
bers communed. The best attention prevailed 
throughout the congregation. The Brethren ap- 
preciate the presence of the adjoining members, 

and invite any who can, to be with them often wide-awake laity. May the Lord abundantly 
and encourage them.— S. B. Kuhn, Naperville, bless and keep them all in the way of truth I— 
I& I Daniel M. Garver, Jan. 25. 

Rossville I was met by our esteemed brother, 
Silas Gilbert, and conveyed to the Jordan house 
in the evening, where we found an attentive con- 
gregation. Our meetings continued each evening 
with a number of day meetings, and with an in- 
creasing interest until the clo6e, which was on the 
evening of Jan. 24, having, in all, twenty-seven 
meetings. The immediate visible results of the 
meeting were seven accessions to the church by 
baptism. This church is a newly-organized one, 
and is presided over by Eld. Wm. Simmons, of 
the Union City church. The ministers are Silas 
Gilbert, Abraham Young aud Benjamin Sharp, 
assisted by an earnest corps of deacons and a 


flcorgo's Creek, Pa.— Bro. I. M. Gib- 
son, o£ Boauoke, Vs., came to onr 
place Dec. 7, to preach for us, and 
Bolicit for the Book and Tract Work. 
He preached each evening for about 
one week and canvassed during the 
day. He then lef'. for olher fields of 
labor. Bro. W«t>r, at Lull, Somer- 
set Co., Pa , then came to ns Dee. 15 
and preached for one week. Those 
brethren wielded the Sword to good 
Jaints ivj rici d and sinners 
were made to tremble. Onr meet- 
ings closed with good attendance, ex- 
cellent interest and nine applicants 
for baptism,— all yonug. — A lbert De- 
bolf, Mnaonioxiii, Pa. 

Herat Ida, Kalis.— The Cedar Creek 
church met in quarterly council Jan. 
1G. The business was attended to in 
harmony. The church decided to 
hold their love-feast May 13. This 
will be on Friday before the Dis- 
trict Meeting. An invitation iB ex- 
tended to all, especially to minister- 
ing brethren. We have had two se- 
ries of meetings this winter,— one by 
Bro. I. H Crist, of Gardner, Kans , 
and one by Bro. A. I. Heestand, of 
Galesbnrg, Kans. As a result of the 
meetings four were added to the 
church by baptism. We have an ev- 
ergreen Sunday-school, with an av- 
erage attendance of forty. Eld. Jes- 
se Stadebaker is our Superintendent. 
— Jural Colbert, Jan. 21. 

Whitfield, Olio.— The members of 
the Lower Miami church, Montgom- 
ery Co , Ohio, closed a very interest- 
ing series of meetings Jan. 10. Bro. 
Daniel Bock, of Bidgesray, Ind , and 
Bro. Joseph Holder, of Deweyville, 
Ohio, were with us. Bro. Bock came 
Dec. '25 and preached until Jan. 1. 
Bro. HoMer continued the meeting 
until Jan. 10. The Word of God 
was preached with power and tb< 
members were much revived We 
.ire made to wonder why sortie of the 
members do not attend those good 
seasons as they should- It seems to 
me we are not enough concerned 
about the welfare of our souls. We 
should forget those things which are 
behind and reach forth to those 
things which are before. — Rachel 

Lclunon, Ore. — I have just returned 
from the Mohawk Valley. A few 
families of our Brethren reside there 
and they invite others to settle with 
them. Our Brethren, when chang- 
ing location, should not settle in an 
out of-the-way place, where no mem- 
bers of our church are likely to lo- 
cate, and your children will be de- 
prived of the influence of the doc- 
trine we advocate, but rather seek a 
place where a few members live, then 
meet, hold social meetings, and keep 
alive in the religious work. This 
will encourage the mieistering breth- 
ren Ut visit you and assist in car- 
rying on the good work. We ask an 
interest in the prayers of the faith- 
ful for a revival of primitive Chris- 
tianity. Especially are we in need 
of a revival of religion in Oregon. 
Xancy Bahr, Jan. 18. 

Loganville, Pa.— At a meeting held 
at the East Codorus house, Jan. VI, 
an election was held for deacons, 
which resulted in the choice of breth- 
ren Geo. Kese, Noah Ness and Sam- 
uel B. Myers to that office. They 
were installed by Eld. Jacob Hol- 
linger. — Ghrisluat Nrss, Jan. 21. 

Zionville, Kans.— We were made to 
rejoice to see Eld. Z. Henricks come 
to us Jan. 9 and stay until Jan. 19. 
He preached nine sermons in all. 
This was the first time the Brethren's 
doctrine was preached out here. We 
have been out here five years now, 
but hope it will not be so long until 
we have preaching again. The 
weather was bad at first but as it 
more pleasant, the people came from 
far and near. Many were made to 
see their Binful condition. One dear 
young sister was baptized. If only 
we could have more preaching, much 
good might be done out here. — Em- 
ma WestfaXl, Jan. 20. 

Fort Hunter, Pa.— On Sunday even- 
ing, Jan. 17, we closed one week's 
series of meetings in the Fishing 
Creek Yalley church. Bro. Levi S. 
Mohler, of Dillsburg, York Co, Pa., 
came to us on Monday, Jan. 11, and 
remained for one week, preaching in 
all, nine sermons. He had good con- 
gregations all the time, excepting a 
few times, when it waB rainy. Al- 
though there were no accessions to 
the church wo believe there was a 
great deal of good done, as the mem- 
bers seemed to be encouraged and 
very much built up. Our brother 
preached the Word with great power 
and reminded the members, as well 
as others, of their duty toward God, 
as taught by the Gospel. — Anna C. 
Miller, Jan. IB. 

SMITH-HAWBAKER.-At the home of He was married first to Angellne Johnson, 
the bride's parents, Dec. n, 189., by Eld. There were born to them three children, who, 
D. W. Stouder, Mr. Edwin Smith and Miss |^vith their mother, died yi 
Belle Hawbaker, both of Lyon County, 

MILNER— FERREN.— At the home of the 
bride's parent;, Jan. to. 1891, by Eld. D. W. 
Stouder, Mr. V. Milner and Mi.s Florence 
Ferren, of Lyon County, Kans. 

Jas. A. Stouder. 

COLE— STOUT.— At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Jan. 20, 189 J, by J. E. 
Young, Mr. James A. Cole and sister Cath- 
arine E. Stout, both of Gage County. 

J. E. YouKG. 


STINE.— In the Beaver Creek congregation 
Greene Co., Ohio, Aug. it, 1S91, Bro. Ed- 
ward Sline, aged 70 years and 5 days. 
Bro. Stine was an honest, upright man, 
zealous in the cause of Christ. For a number 
of years he served the church as Trustee and 
was very anxious that the doctrine of our 
church should be made known in the towns 
and cities. Mary B Stitely. 

LOWMAN.- In the Lower Twin church, 
Ohio, Dtc. 27, 1S91, of La Grippr, John 
Lowman, aged S3 years, 2 months and 10 

Deceased was born in Washington Coun- 
ty, Md., Oct. 17, 180S. He was married to 
Mary Smith, Msrch 7, 1S33 Nine children 
were born unto them, all of whom are living. 
He moved to Ohio in the spring of 1850, and 
settled on a farm in Montgomery County, 
where he lived until the time of his death. 

Funeral services were conducted by the 
Old Order Brethren, of whom deceased 
member, from Job 14: 14. 

ZUCK.— In the Welsh Run church, Frank- 
lin Co, Pa., Jan. 8, 1S92, sister Hannah M. 
wife of Bro. David M. Zuck, aged about 40 


FLOUR— BAER.— At the residence of the 
bride's parents, Bro. Jonathan Baer, near 
Waynesborough, Franklin Co., Pa., Jan. 5, 
1S9;, by the undersigrcd, Bro. Mathias R. 
Flohr, of Median. icslown, Md., and bister 
Ida J. Baer. T. F. Imi.eb. 

LANDIS— NANCE.— Near Mount Hope 
church, Jan. 13, 1S92, by the writer, Mr, 
Frank B. Landi*, of Crescent City, Okla- 
homa Territory, and Miss Carrie Nance, of 
Gainesville, Tex. Geo. W. Landis. 

MILLER— SANDY.— At the reudence of 
Ben Sandy, near Urbana, Champaign Co., 
Ohio, Jan. 14, 1892, by the undersigned, 
Bro. Eli A. Miller, of Allen County, Ohio, 
and sister Maggie S. Sandy, of Champaign 
County, Ohio. S. Driver. 

NOFFSINGER— DURBIN.— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, Mr. Abner 
Eads, Jan. 17, 1892, by Bro. John Cripe, of 
Fayette Counly, Bro John Noffsinger and 
sifter Dora Durbin, both near Greenville, 
Bond Co , III. Mamie Eads. 

MO3T0LLER- RIEMAN.— At the resi- 
dence of the bride's parents, Jan. 10, 1892, 
by S. F. Rieman, of Berlin, Pa., Mr Allen 
F. Mostoller and sister Emma S. Rieman, 
both of Shanksville, Somerset Co., Pa. 

S. F- Rieman. 
MILNER— PROVO.— Dec. — , 1891, by the 
Probate Judge, of Emporia, Kans., Mr. 
Walter Milner and sister Elsie Provo, both 
of Madison, Greenwood Co 

Deceased was a consistent member of the 
Brethren church for fifteen years. Shortly 
before her death she called lor the elders of 
the church and was anointed. She bore her 
affliction with Christian fortitude. Funeral 
services by brethren Imler and David Wen- 
gerfrom 1 Sam. 20: 18. She will be much 
missed and especially by h r husband, as she 
\vas.a great help to him in his ministerial call- 
ing, but we hope that our loss Is her eternal 

NORRIS— At her daughter's, in Rich Hill 
Nevada church, Mo., Jan. 2, 1892, of con- 
sumption, sister Julia A. Norris, aged 66 
years. Funeral services by Mr. Gill, Meth- 
odist. R- Weller. 
HALE.— In the Beaver Creek congregation, 
Rockingham Co , near Brldgewater, Va., 
Jan. 9, 1892, of La Grippe, Bro. Henry Hale, 
aged about 77 years. 
Bro. Hale came to this County from near 
Waynesborough, Pa., some time before our 
late war. Si&ter Hale, his companion, is 
about seventy-four years old. She has been 
blind for several year?, which makes this life 
more dreary to her, ytt she rejoices in the 
hope of a glorious immortality.^ Funeral 
services by the Brethren from Heb. n: 13. 
S. F. Sanger. 

SPAULD1NG.— In the Little Walnut con- 
gregation, Putnam Co, Ind,, Jan. 17,1892, 
Bro. Wilson Spaulding, aged 75 years and 

The second time he was married to Catha- 
rine Etter. Unto them were born ten chil- 
dren, four sons and six daughters. Of these 
ten children three sons and two daughters 
have died. 

The third time he. was married to Rebecca 
Ann Squire, six years ago in March. He 
leaves his present wife and five children, with 
many friends, to mourn their loss. Funeral 
services conducted by the writer. 

W. R. Harsiibarger. 

DENSMORE.— At her home near Nevada, 
Indian Creek, Story Co., Iowa, Jan. 12, 
1892, of La Griffc, sister Eliza Densmore, 
aged 82 years, 4 months and 12 days. 

Deceased was born In Erie County, Pa, 
and moved to Iowa about twenty-two years 
ago. She united with the church in 1866. 
Since then she has lived a very consistent 
life. May her children heed the good admo- 
I nilion she gave them and prepare to meet 
their mother on the other shore. Funeral 
by the writer, assisted by the Evan- 
gelical minister of Iowa Centre. 

J. L. Thomas. 

BYERS.— In the Berkley congregation, Berk- 
ley Co., W. Va, Jan. 13, 1892, Bro. Jacob 
M. Byers, aged 62 years, 5 months and 5 

Bro. Jacob was a faithful and exemplary 
member until he was called home. He leaves 
a wife and eight children to mourn their loss. 
Funeral services were held at his home by the 
writer from Rev. 14: 13. 

Geo. W, Bricker. 

YOUNG.— Ne*r Tiffin, Ohio, Jan. 16, 1892, 
Bro. Abraham Young, aged £6 years, 7 
months and 25 days. 
Bro. Young was born in Germany, and 
emigrated to America in 1S30, at the age of 
twenty-five years. He was twice married, 
panion and one son preceded him to 
the spirit world. A wife and twelve children 
him, eight of whom are members of 
the church of the Brethren. One son, Bro. 
J. E. Young, of Beatrice, Nebr., is in the min- 
istry; another one, William, is a deacon in the 
church. Bro. Young was a member of the 
church for thirty-nine years and in the office 
of deacon for thirty-one years. 

He requested that a plain walnut coffin be 
used and that his body be not carried into the 
church-house, also that the services be con- 
ducted by the Brethren and according to the 
order of the church. All of this was ob- 
served. The funeral services were conducted 
by Bro. Jacob Witmore, assisted by the breth- 
ren, from Luke 23: 28, which text was select- 
ed by Bro. Young. S. A. Walker. 

The subject of this notice was born in 
Kentucky, Jan. 7, 1817, and emigrated to Put- 
nam County, Ind., with his parents in 
having lived in this vicinity for sixty-five 
years. He united wi'h the Brethren church 
in November, 1859, and was Ihe first appli- 
cant whom Bro. R. H. Miller baptized in the 
stream where baptitsin was administered. He 
enjoyed fellowship with the church for thirty- 
two years. In his old age he manifested 
strong convictions of his religious sentiments. 

RUSH.— In Attica, Ohio, Jan. 1 2, 1892, sister 
Rush, aged 77 years, 7 months and 12 days. 
Funeral sermon by the undersigned, assist- 
ed by Bro. Jacob Witmore, of Missouri. 
S. A. Walker. 
PEARSON.— Within the bounds of the In- 
dian Creek church, Polk Co., Iowa, Jan. 5, 
1892, William Pearson, aged S7 years, 5 
months and 28 days. 
Bro. Pearson was born in Surry County, 
North Carolina, July 7, 1804. He emigrated, 
with the rest of his father's family, In 1S16, 
to Richmond, Wayne Co., Ind. A few years 
later he moved to Cambridge City, where he 
was married to Esther Cripe In 1S22. They 
had nine children born to them, seven of 
whom preceded him to the spirit world. He 
was married three times. He and his first 
wife joined the Brethren church. After he 
married his second wife he left the Brethren 
and joined the M. E. church, of which his sec- 
ond and third wives were members. After 
living forty-two years lnthat church, he, with 
his third-wife, came back to the church of 
their choice,— the Brethren. Funeral servic- 
es conducted by the writer from Rev. 14: i3- 
H. H. Trouf. 

WEYBRIGHT— In the Monocacy church, 
Frederick Co., Md., Dec. 10, 1891, John 
Weybright, aged 78 years and 7 months. 
E. S. W. 

Feb. 9, 1892. 


WRIGHTSMAN.— In Anderson County, 
Kans., Jan. 17, iSo;, Bro. Samuel Wrights- 
man, aged 74 years, 1 monlli and 2 days. 
Bro. Wrightsman took La Grippe about 
ten days before he died, which, settling on his 
lungs, was the cause of his death. He called 
{or the elders of the church a short time be- 
fore his death and was anointed according to 
the instruction of the apostle. Bro. Wrights- 
man moved from Virginia to Macoupin Coun- 
ty, 111., where he lived a number of years. In 
March of 1S91 he moved to Anderson Coun- 
ty, Kansas, with his two sons. His funeral 
services were preached in the Bethel meeting- 
house at this place from Matt. 24: 44, af ter 
which his body was conveyed to Cerro Gor- 
do, 111., where it was buried by the side of his 
companion, who preceded him to the spirit 
world several years ago. He left five sons 
and many other relatives to mourn their loss, 
but we believe that their loss is his eternal 
gain. Peter Heck. 

WERTZ.— In Bryan, Williams Co., Ohio, 
Jan. S, 1892, Bro. John P. Wertz, only son 
of Henry and Julia Wertz, aged 69 years, 1 
month and 17 days. 
Deceased was born in Hesse, Germany, 
Nov. 22, 1S22. He emigrated (o America in 
1S40, married Margaret G. Grindle in Octo- 
ber, 1849, who died Jan. r, 1872. There were 
born to this union eight children,— seven sons 
and one daughter, ail of whom are yet living, 
together with seventy grandchildren. Bro. 
Wertz was a faithful member of the Brethren 
church for upwards of forty years, and for 
many years served as deacon. 

Funeral services conducted by Bro. J. V. 
Felthouse, of Indiana, assisted by the writer. 

G. W. Sellers. 
DAUGHERTY.— In the Dry Fork church, 
Jasper Co., Mo., Jan, 5, 1S92, Mary E. 
Daugherty, daughter of Bro. Abraham 
Replogle, aged 21 years, 6 months and 26 
days. Funeral services improved by the 
undersigned, assisfed by Bro. Win, Bradt. 
W. M. Harvey. 
M I LLE R.— In Jewell City, Jewell Co., Kans., 
Aug. 15, 1891, Mary Miller, wife of John 
L. Miller, aged about 59 years. 

Deceased was a member of the Brethren 
church, and was faithful until death. 

K. G. 
GOODYEAR— In the Falling Spring con- 
gregation, Franklin Co, Pa., Jan. 13, 1892, 
sister Catharine Goodyear, aged 60 years, 1 
month and 3 days. 
The subject of the above notice entered 
the service of her Master in her early years, 
and devoted her life to the cause she so much 
loved. We believe she has left an influence 
which shall be as bread cast upon the waters, 
to be gathered many days hence. Previous 
to her departure she contributed a fair share 
of her earthly possessions to the work of the 
church. May others learn to do likewise! 
Funeral services by the writer, assisted by the 
Brethren. Wm. C. Koontz. 

KENDIG.— Near Benson, III., Jan. 21, 1892, 
John M., son of Bro, J. J. and sister Phebe 
Kendig, aged 34 years and 2 months. 
He was married to sister Ella Lantz, 
Nov. ai, 18S0. He leaves, besides a wife and 
four small children, an aged father and moth- 
er, two brothers and one sister to mourn his 
departure. Friend John had made no prepa- 
ration for the high calling, but may it be a 
warning to those who have not made their 
peace with" God. 

Funeral services were conducted by Bro. 
P. A. Moore at the Brethren's church, two 
miles east of Roanoke, from Mark 13: 37. 

I. N. Gish. 
HERTZLER.— In the Olathe church, Kans., 
Jan. ii, ,892, sister Sallie, wife of Bro. E. 
R- Hertzier, aged about 36 years. 
Deceased joined the Brethren church 
F eb. 9j 1S8S. A few days before her death 
sn e requested to be anointed and expressed 
herself as ready to go. Eld. Geo. Myers 
Preached the funeral sermon to a large con- 
gregation from Philpp. 1:21. Bro. Hertzier 
buried his first wife Jan. 22, 1890. Both died 
of the same disease, La Grippe. 

Albert Sharp. 

TEETER.-In Ihe Yellow Crock chinch. 

Pa., Dec. 17, 1S91, sister Susan Teeter, aged 

45 years", 1 month and 2 days. 

About four years ago the subject of ihis 
noiice followed her hu*band 10 the city of the 
dead, and was left to care for seven children. 
Now they are left to mourn the loss of an af- 
fectionate father and mother. Funeral serv 
ices by Bro. J. L. Hoisingtr and the writer 
from Heb. 11: 10. L. F. Holsinger; 

MILLER.~At Davenport, Nebr., Ralph L. 
Miller, son of Bro. H. M. and sister Clara 
Miller, aged 5 months and 7 days. 

Funeral occasion improved by the Breth- 
ren at the Christian church-house in Daven- 
port. D. II. Fornf.y. 

SAILOR— In the Price's Creek church, 
Preble Co., Ohio, Dec. 20, iSyt, Harley, 
son of Bro. Norman and sister Kate Sailor, 
aged loyears, 6 months and 6 days. 

On the morning of Dec. 19, lie went with 
his mother and sister to town. As he was 
walking along on the sidewalk, he dropped 
down, and did not know anything after that, 
and the next day was brought home a corpse. 
Funeral services by Bro. Joseph Longanecker 
to a large and sympathizing congregation. 
Madnda Longanecker. 

BASHOR.— In the bounds of the South Bea- 
trice church, Nebr., Jan. 19, 1S92, sister 
Mary Bashor, aged 73 years, 11 months 
and 23 days. 

Mother Bashor, as she was usually called, 
was a consistent member of the White Horn 
church, Hawkins Co., Tenn., for nearly thirty 
years. She moved to this congregation with 
her family about two years ago. She was af- 
flicted for a long time with paralysis but was 
patient in her affliction. A good deal of the 
time she was entirely helpless and had to be 
carried in the arms of her children, who did 
all in their power to make her last days hap- 
py and cheerful. She often called on the 
brethren and sisters to sing and pray wkh*her, 
and in such exercises she received much spir- 
itual strength. She leaves five children, three 
sons and two daughters, alt members of the 
church here. Funeral services from Prov. 
31 : 27 by Eld. Owen Peters, assisted by breth- 
ren T. W. Graham and Isaac Dell. 

M. L. Spire. 

JEHNZEN— In the Chippewa Creek church, 
Mecosta Co., Mich , Jan. S, 1S92, sister Au- 
gusta Jehnzen, wife of Bro John Jehnzen. 
Sister Jehnzen was sick only about eight 
hours. She leaves six little children, to be 
cared for by the grief-stricken husband. We 
have the assurance that the meeting on the 
other shore will be one of joy and happiness. 
Funeral services by the writer, Jan. 10, at 
the home of the deceased. Geo. E. Stoit. 

PRICE.— In the Monticeilo church, White 
Co., Ind., Jan. 19, 1S92, Asenath Price, 
aged 89 years, 2 months and 4 days. . 
Deceased was a faithful and consistent 
member of the church for many years. Fu- 
neral services conducted by the writer and the 
Methodist minister. A. S. Culp. 

BRIGE.— In the Rockton church, Clearfield 
Co., Pa., Jan. 12, 1892, rister Amanda Brige, 
aged nearly Go years 
John Brige, her husband, died a little ov- 
er one year ago. She said she would scon 
follow her husband. Funeral discourse from 
James 4: 14, middle clause, by Warren Charles 
and the writer. Peter Beer. 

McCLURG.— In the Lancaster church, 

Huntingdon Co., Ind, Jan. 16, 1892, Elnora 

McClurg, wife of John McClurg, deceased, 

aged 62 years, months and 7 days. 

Deceased was a sufferer for about eight 

years. Funeral services by the writer. 


FIKE.— Near Burns' Corner, in the Maple 
Grove church, Ashland Co , Ohio, Jan. J2, 
1892, Anna Fike, aged 62 years, 1 month 
and 12 days. 

Her death was caused by La Grippe. Fu- 
neral services by the undersigned. 

Wm. A. Murray. 


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gle copy, one year, g ; 

copies (the sixth to the agent) 2 ; 

For Tijree Monlfls or Tfcirtccn Weeks. 

20 copies to one address, Si 7o 

3° 2 50 

4° 335 

50 " " " " 380 

- For Six Hontli3 or Twenty-Six Weeks. 

20 copies to one address, $ 3 35 

3o " " " " 5oo 

5° 7 50 

75 1020 

>«) ' 1375 

Otir paper IS denned fui the Sund.iy-school and the 
home circle. We desire the name of every Sunday 
school Superintendent in the Brotherhood, and want 
an agent in every church. Send for sample copies. 


We have just printed a new edition of 
these very convenient certificates. Several 
improvements over the old style are notice- 
able, such as perforated stubs, firm, yet 
smooth, paper, etc. Price only 50 cents per 
book. Every congregation shouldhave one. 
Address this office. 


leather, >2 


s.-By D. L. M 


:ioth, S2.00 


-By Eusebius. 


Ileal |Hi.t 


-By Moshcim. 

Hie Monon Route. 

This road Is running a fine line of Pullman 
Buffet Sleepers between Chicago and Indian- 
apolis, Cincinnati and Louisville, In connec- 
tion with the fast Florida express trains. 

For full Information, address, E. O. Mc- 
Cormick, General Passenger Agent, Adams 
Express Building, Chicago. (City Ticket Of- 
fice, 7 S. Clark St.) 

Send for our new Bible Catalogue. Prices 
to suit the times. We have a large variety 
and the most durable as well as ornamental 


Feb. 9, 1892. 


Absolutely Pure. 


Bible Lands 

A new edition of this deservedly popular 
work has recently been published. It retains 
all the excellencies of its predecessors, and 
with those » ho are Interested in Bible study 
this work will always remain a favorite. 
Those who have read the ordinary book of 
travel will be surprised to find " Europe and 
Bible Lands " of thrilling interest for both old 
and young. The large number of books, al- 
ready sold, proves that the work is of more 
than ordinary merit. 

A fair supply of the last edition of this 
work is still on hand. Those who have not 
yet secured a copy of the work should em- 
brace this opportunity of securing it. Price, 
in fine 'cloth binding, only $1-50 per copy, 
post-paid. To agents who are prepared to 
push an active canvass of the work, we are 
prepared to give special Inducements. 


Batei p« loot eHb loiertlon. 


One month U Hi 
Three months ( 
Six months (2$ times), 
(So times). 

Tract Work. 

List of Publications for Sale— Sent 
Postage Prepaid. 



Plain Family Bible, per copy, . 
Trine Immersion, Quinter, pec c 
Kurope ;iiii.l Bible Land: 


Iki, | 

I, Wust, I-"-'!" C 

CLASS C— (Tracts.) 
The Brethren or Dunkards,-per 1 
per copy, . 

■, S1.50 

Through trains between 

Chioago, St. Paul & Indianapolis, 

Equipped with 

Elegant Coaches, Dining and 
Sleeping Cars. - 


Path of Liie, per 100, S4; pec copy 

No. 3. How to Become a Child of God, per 100, 

$i\ per copy 

No. 4. Conversion, per 100, $2.50; per copy, . - - 
No. 5. Water Baptism, per 100, $1.5°; per copy, 
No! 6. Single Immersion, per too, $1; per copy, - 
No 7. Sabbatisin, per 100,; per copy, . . ■ 
No. 8. Trine Immersion Traced to the Apostles, 

per 100, $7\ per copy, 

No. 9. Sermon on Baptism, per 100, $2; per copy, 
No. 10. Glad Tidings of Salvation, per 100, Si.$o; 

Tickets on Sale to all Points In the United 
States, Canada or Mexico, 

Baggage Checked Through, thus Saving 
Passengers the Annoyance of 


e Sabbath, per 

No. 12. Ten Rcasc 

100, Si; per copy, . - . 
No. 13. The Lord's Day and t'. 

$2.1,0; per copy 

No. 1. The House We Live In, per 100, . . . 

No. 2. Plan of Salvation, per 100 

No. 3. Come Let Us Reason Together, per 1 

. Siipt, 

Aurora, 111. 

Tins is a small book, adapted to the w 
of every member of the Church, and wll 


found especially useful to our 
con c , Sunday- school niiUt-rs an 
all who «is.h to be posted in 

J teachers 
the faith 


practices of tlu 
faith, practices 

church. Bes 
of Crdinalio 

d.-s giving 
the churc 
is, Install 


Marriages, Bar 

als, Pra\ers, e 

c. The \ 

•01- k 

ends with a coi 

iplelesetof m 

es for con.. 


ing all kinds of 

the book ever) 

public iceelin 
one interested 

gs, and is 
n church a 


noted for fine qualities as well 

'e fall pigs, spring pigs and 

earlings, for which I will make a deduction 

or sixiy days, or at farmers' prices. Please 

J R Coi-r 

copy, post-paid; per dozen, $300 
Brethren's Publishing Co., Mt. Mo 
Huntingdon, Pa. » 

Alone with Gcd 

This manual of dev 

forms of prayer for pr: 
worship and special <. 
the most useful, most 
ed books' of the year, 
Strange that 

is,by J. II. Garri- 

E meditations \*ith 
devotions, family 

ed, and best adapt- 

is proving one of the inool 

ork of this kind its riistin 

Excursions to California. 

24l Jim e =8,j U !y2 

No. 5. Intemperance, per 100 

No. 6. Plain Dressing, per 100, 

No. 7- Which is the Right Church? per 100 

tVeLiveln (Swedish), p 

We Live In (Danish), p 

Paul Wetzel's Reasons (German), p 

PiiifiL-r, Stop, perioo, 

No. 13. The Light House, per 11 

No. 1$. The Truth Shall Make You Fret 
No. 16. Modern Skepticism, per 100, . . 
No. 17. Infant Baptism Weighed, etc., p( 

No. 18. Repentance, per 100 

No. 19. Talk to R. R. Employees, etc., [ 

No. 20. Life and Death, per 100 

No. ai. The House We Live In (German 
No. 22. The Prayer Covering, per 100, . 
No. 23. The Lord's Supper 

. SI, -ill 1 £ 

. an- 

guished, gHted, pious and beioved author is 
at his best. This book is helpful to every 
minister, church r-niciJ.., and Sunday-school 
superintendent, as well as every private mem- 
ber of the church in all ages. It has models 
of prayer, suitable for the service of the 
prayer-meeting, while its suggestions, medi- 


ohe of 

in preparation for 

the solemn duli 

est upon 

the active 

memfa :r .. 



ts; mon 

ceo, $1.2 S 

U 1 ffice 



0! the Chr 

:;tian amid 




s Donaldson 



s.8vo. P 

rvol., S3.00. 

A Sum mar 

|r o( Bib 



-By John |W 


the New Bi 

The Bible Service of Feet-' 
No. 29. Scriptural Communion, pi 
Pause and Think, per 100, 
What Do We Need f per 1 
No. 3- Right or Wrong Way, ; 


This is a neatly-printed and well-bound 
volume of 426 pages, containing a well- 
written biographical- sketch of Eld. James 
Quinter and forty of his sermons. - 

The biographical part will be found quite 
interesting, instructive and impressive. No 
one can read" an account of Bro. Qulnter's 
life without feeling deeply and favorably im- 
pressed. The work shows how a poor 
orphan boy, by hard work, and faithfulness to 
hi6 religious convictions, rose step by step, 
until he reached a field of usefulness and 
honor as broad as the Nation itself. Though 
dead, his good deeds and the impressive 
examples in piety, learning and simplicity 
45 will follow him for generations to come. 
4 * The Sermon Department contains many of 
45 1 his choice sermons, which will prove exceed- 
45 I ingly interesting and profitable reading to all, 
45 and especially to onr ministers and isolated 
members. We feel that this book will fill a 
long-felt want In our Brotherhood. Price, 
post-paid, $1.25. 

Publishing Co., 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

Why Am I Not a 

No. 5. Saving Words, per 100, . . . 
No. 6. Christ and War, per 100, .. . 
No. 7. The Bond of Peace, per 100, . 
No. 8 The Kiss of Charity, per 100, . 
No. 9. The Evils o( Intemperance, p- 
No. 10. The Lost Opportunity, per ic 
No. 11. Are You a Christian? per 100, 
No. 12. Arise, Get Thee Down, per ic 
No. 13- A Personal Appeal, per 100, 
No. 14. Lying Among the Pots, per 1 
No. 15. Gold and Costly Array, per i< 
No. 16. The Brethren's Card, per 100 
No. 17. The Whole Gospel Must Be 




Bibles, Testaments, Hymn Books of all styles, a 
publishers' lowest retail prices, which will be fui 
ed on application. Address: 
Dayton, Ohio. 

Golden Gleams. 

Send lor a copy oi the above va! 
Wall Chart. Price, 85 cents per copy. 

dress this office. 


This is just the Quarterly for the Ut ue 
(oiks. Price, Three Copies, per Quarter, » 
Cents; 6 Copies, per Quarter, 25 Cents; " 
I Copies and over, per Quarter, 3 Cents each. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" Set for the Defense of the Gospel."